J. Neilson Barry Papers, 1897-1961  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

J. Neilson Barry Papers
1897-1961 (inclusive)
45 linear feet, (38 boxes and 41 oversize folders)
Collection Number
MSS 001
The J. Neilson Barry Papers are primarily subject files on Pacific Northwest history, including research notes, maps, bibliographies, clippings, and printed matter; together with correspondence, diaries, speeches, mss. of writings, published articles, account books, biographical and genealogical material, and other papers, relating to Barry's historical research, personal affairs, ministerial responsibilities (1895-1913) in Spokane and Palouse, Wash., Charles County, Md., and Baker, Or., and his work as a probation officer (1913-1922) in Spokane, Washington.
Boise State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Special Collections and Archives
1910 University Drive
Boise ID
Telephone: 208-426-3958
Access Restrictions

Collection is available for research.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided, in part, by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities

Historical NoteReturn to Top

John Neilson Barry was born in Wilmington, North Carolina, on November 26, 1870. He was one of seven children born to Major Robert Peabody Barry, a Union veteran of the Civil War, and Julia Kean Neilson Barry. The family left Wilmington when he was 3 years old, and Barry spent most of his childhood in Norfolk and Warrenton, Virginia. His early education included twelve years in private schools and academies in Virginia. Barry then worked for two years as a clerk in the cotton business in Norfolk before attending the Virginia Theological Seminary and the General Theological Seminary in New York City. He was ordained an Episcopal priest in New York in 1895.

Although he became a clergyman, his days in the cotton business were to prove important to him. He credited them with giving him the "training and experience (that) qualified me for a Registrar in the Church." For fifteen years, in addition to his regular duties as an Episcopal priest, Barry worked as a registrar for the missionary districts of Spokane, Washington, and Eastern Oregon, compiling both current and historical church records. His historical interests expanded to include the Pacific Northwest as a whole, and upon his retirement from the church Barry began devoting his full attention to the pursuit of accurate historical detail.

J. Neilson Barry did not believe in taking the easy route through life. Upon being ordained an Episcopal priest he asked "where was the weakest part of our Church, and got permission...to go there." "There" was Holy Trinity in Palouse, Washington, and for many years Barry divided his time between regular parochial work on the East coast and missions in the West. He built one church, two rectories, and three parish houses during the course of his ministerial career. In addition to serving in Palouse from 1895 to 1899, Barry served at St. Agnes Chapel of Trinity Parish in New York City (1899), Trinity Church in Spokane, Washington (1899-1904), Trinity Parish in Charles County, Maryland (1905-1906), St. Columba in Washington, D.C. (1906-1907), St. Stephen's Parish in Baker, Oregon (1907-1912), and St. Thomas Church in Washington, D.C. (1912-1913).

Barry's desire to serve where he felt he was most needed led him to retire from parochial work in 1913 in order to do volunteer work among prisoners in the city jail at Spokane, Washington, and to serve as a special probation officer for that city. One Spokane newspaper called him "a friend to every down-and-outer who has had the misfortune to land in the city jail." During World War I he took time out to serve in France with the YMCA. He officially retired from the Episcopal Church in 1922.

After leaving the ministry Barry settled in Portland, Oregon, where he built a home on Greenleaf Drive he named "Barrycrest." Historical research became the primary focus of his retirement years in Portland. "What...caused my interest in early history is the variation, and often contradiction between the valid, authentic primary sources and the secondary literature," he wrote in 1960. His goal was to "ferret out valid, authentic, verifiable primary sources" and bring them to light. By 1933, he claimed to have studied 106 journals and memoirs of the early travelers in the Pacific Northwest. In addition to documentary research, he was able to talk or correspond with many of the pioneers of the region. "When I came to this country from New York for the first time...I dined with Mr. Henry Spalding, son of the pioneer, and boarded with one of the survivors of the Whitman massacre," he wrote to the president of Whitman College. Barry was a life-long student, and in addition to taking advanced courses at Columbia University and the University of Oregon, he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in History at age sixty from Albany College in Oregon. He taught American History for one year at Hill Military Academy in Portland and was the author of about three hundred historical articles for newspapers and journals. He co-authored one book of historical tales for children, entitled Redskin and Pioneer (1932), and wrote an unpublished book on the trails of Idaho. He was a longtime member of the Spokane Historical Society, Oregon and Washington historical societies, Sons of the American Revolution, and, in the 1920s, was the secretary and guiding force behind the Trail Seekers, Inc., an organization that encouraged historical research and writing by young people.

J. Neilson Barry married Mildred Eldridge Pegram in New York City in 1899. They had one adopted son, Eldridge Dighton Barry. Mrs. Barry died in 1955, and after her death J. Neilson Barry moved to the Park Heathman Hotel in Portland. He died in Portland on February 26, 1961, at the age of ninety.

An article on J. Neilson Barry and three other historians of the Columbia River, entitled "Creating the Columbia: Historians and the Great River of the West, 1890-1935," was published in the Oregon Historical Quarterly, Fall 1992. His work on Champoeg was cited extensively in J.A. Hussey's Champoeg: Place of Transition (Oregon Historical Society, 1967).


Biographical sketch in The Centennial History of Oregon (Chicago: S.J. Clarke, 1912)

Obituary, Sunday Oregonian (Portland) February 26, 1961

Autobiographical notes in the collection (Box 1, Folder 1)

Letter to Eloise Ebert, 13 January 1960 (Folder 1016)

Letter to Charles Laurenson, 15 October 1933 (Folder 572)

Letter to Stephen B.L. Penrose, 8 November 1933 (Folder 1233)

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The research files (Series 3) are the heart of the collection and comprise its largest component. Although Barry studied many aspects of Pacific Northwest history, he focused most of his research on issues surrounding the early exploration and settlement of the region. He was particularly interested in the discovery and exploration of the Columbia River, competing claims of sovereignty, the trails of Lewis and Clark and other explorers, John Jacob Astor's Astoria, the names of settlers who preceded the great migration on the Oregon Trail, and the establishment of civil government in Oregon. He scoured early explorers' journals and memoirs for names of fur traders, missionaries, visitors, and emigrants to the region. He attempted to correlate the place names and geographical features on early maps with modern nomenclature. J. Neilson Barry was interested in detail: the precise location of missions, forts, and posts; the exact routes of explorers' travels. That John Reed's 1813 fur-trading camp was near the confluence of the Boise and Snake Rivers was not enough for him; nor was the statement that Lewis and Clark traversed Idaho via the Lolo Trail. He sought out precise locations and precise routes, as close to their actual footprints and footsteps as he could determine.

In pursuit of these facts, Barry corresponded widely. The collection contains more than 5,000 letters with several hundred correspondents. He might correspond with a high ranking State Department officer on an issue of treaty interpretation, or with a local postmaster, surveyor, or old-timer on the location of a spring or a meadow mentioned in a fur-trader's journal. He collaborated with other historians, took detailed notes on primary and secondary sources, drew maps by hand, and compiled bibliographies of primary-source references to topics as diverse as the first sheep in the Oregon country to the kinds of weapons the Indians used. He organized his letters and notes by subject, binding them into booklets which served as file folders. Each booklet was labeled as to its content. The first processor of the collection, Annie Laurie Bird, pulled many of the folders together into subject groupings (Research Files 1 through 90); the rest were left in an alphabetical sequence as the Miscellaneous Subject File. Researchers on any topic, broad or narrow, will soon learn that letters and notes on the matters of their interest might be located in more than one part of the collection. Among the more prolific correspondents in the collection are Merrill D. Beal, Annie Laurie Bird, Frank Bond (U.S. Geographic Board), Charles H. Carey, R.C. Clark, Byron Defenbach, David C. Duniway, T.C. Elliott, W.J. Ghent, Grace Raymond Hebard, R.J. Hendricks, Merrill Jensen, C.S. Kingston, Elers Koch, Lewis A. McArthur, James McCormick, Edmond S. Meany, Robert W. Sawyer, Leslie M. Scott, and Frederic G. Young. Their letters are found in a number of files throughout the collection; they may be located (as can Barry's correspondence with several hundred other correspondents) by referring to the Index of Correspondents, kept in the department and online.

In the course of his research, Barry, out of necessity, became a rather adept cartographer and collector of maps. He ordered photostats of explorers' maps from libraries and archives in North America and abroad, long before they were widely available in historical atlases. He made multiple copies of many of them, some of which he kept for future reference; others he distributed to research libraries throughout the United States. He also collected published maps, particularly maps from the U.S. Forest Service. He annotated many of these, tracing the routes of explorers and traders as best he could. Because of their size, these annotated maps and Photostats are filed away separately from the rest of the collection as Series 4, Maps. Published maps that were not annotated were separated from the collection and transferred to the Library's map department. Smaller maps hand-drawn by Barry were left in the appropriate research files.

Barry published the results of his research in historical journals and in newspapers. He stated in several letters that he had published over 300 articles. Many of his more important articles appeared on the pages of the Oregon Historical Quarterly and the Washington Historical Quarterly and other similar journals. The larger portion of his writings found their way to print, however, on the feature pages of newspapers such as the Sunday Oregonian. He also wrote two books, Redskin and Pioneer, a collection of historical tales for children, and an unpublished work on the trails of Idaho. Drafts and reprints of his major works are collected in Series 2, Writings. The correspondence and notes in Barry's research files (Series 3) will be much more meaningful to researchers who have reviewed his writings first.

Barry's personal papers (Series 1) contain material relating to his family, personal affairs, church work, World War I service, activities as a probation officer, and historical research and teaching. They include reminiscences from his childhood (Box 1); papers concerning the construction of his home, Barrycrest (Box 2); official case reports and record books as a Spokane probation officer (Boxes 2 and 41); memorabilia from his YMCA service in France during World War I (Box 2); his clergyman's register (1895-1921) (Box 39); gradebooks (1929-1930) from his teaching at Hill Military Academy (Box 3); personal account books for himself and his wife (Boxes 40 and 41); records of Trail Seekers, Inc. (Box 3); and histories and genealogies of the Barry, Pegram and related families (Box 1).

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

[item description], J. Neilson Barry Papers, Box [number] Folder [number], Boise State University Special Collections and Archives.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


The collection is divided into four series: 1. Personal papers, 2. Writings, 3. Research files, and 4. Maps.

Acquisition Information

Gift of J. Neilson Barry, 1957 and after.

Processing Note

J. Neilson Barry donated his large collection of books, maps, periodicals, and manuscripts to Boise Junior College in 1957. Eugene B. Chaffee, president of the college from 1936 to 1967, became acquainted with J. Neilson Barry in the 1930s. A historian by training, Dr. Chaffee shared Barry's interest and enthusiasm for the history of the Pacific Northwest. They corresponded for a number of years. Dr. Chaffee offered to purchase the Barry collection, allowing Mr. Barry to retain custody until his death. J. Neilson Barry -- old, alone, and in poor health -- made a gift of the collection to Boise Junior College in April of 1957. He had movers come into his hotel room and pack his files and personal library. For many years he had intended to give the collection to the Oregon Historical Society but differences with the Society's board of directors led him to place the collection in Boise.

Annie Laurie Bird, a retired history teacher from Nampa, Idaho (who, like Chaffee, had corresponded with Barry on topics of mutual interest), worked under contract in 1958 to arrange the collection and prepare an inventory. The books, many of which Barry had annotated, were removed and cataloged separately for library use. Historical quarterlies were incorporated into the library's periodical collection. Published maps were placed in the map collection. Only the research files and personal papers were left intact. Unfortunately, dislocations caused by the moving of the collection to Boise and the initial processing destroyed much of the original order of the collection. For quite a number of years the collection was housed in unlocked file cabinets in the Library's reference department. There was no provision for adequate supervision of the collection or any security. There are indications that some files or parts of files inventoried by Miss Bird are missing. The collection was finally transferred to the newly-created Special Collections Department in 1974. In 1977 the collection was reprocessed. It appears that at that time, or possibly before, Barry's letters (more than 5,000 of them, both incoming and outgoing) were removed from their respective research files and arranged in one long chronological order.

The removal of the letters from their research files -- often accomplished by cutting them apart from other papers to which they had been attached -- not only further disrupted the collection's original order, but proved, over the years, to be a hindrance to topically-based research. Barry often researched more than one topic at the same time, and might write and receive a flurry of letters on a given topic for a period of weeks, then let the subject lie for months, or even years, before picking it up again. Letters that he had grouped together in topically-based research files were thus scattered when all his letters were mixed together and arranged in one chronological sequence. Few scholars had the time to wade through his hundreds of letters, one by one, searching for letters relevant to their research. So in 1998, it was decided to restore as closely as possible Barry's original arrangement by reorganizing the letters according to his original subject scheme. Fortunately, at the tops of many letters, Barry had penciled in the name of the research file to which they belonged. Dylan McDonald, a student intern, worked on this project during the school year 1998-1999; further refinement was done by archivist Alan Virta in 2005. The Special Collections Department also prepared a name index and a chronological list of Barry's correspondence, so researchers may approach his letters by correspondent, or chronologically, if so desired. The name index and calendar of correspondence are kept in the Special Collections Department. J. Neilson Barry's letters are a rich source of historical detail. Restored to their topical arrangement, they, along with accompanying notes, bibliographies, clippings, and the like, are a valuable source for the study of Pacific Northwest history.

Related Materials

During the early 1950s the Oregon State Archives borrowed several of Mr. Barry's research files from him and microfilmed them. The microfilm is now located at the Oregon State Library in Salem. There are also several smaller collections of J. Neilson Barry papers at other institutions, including the Idaho State Historical Society, University of Idaho, Oregon Historical Society, Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Washington State Historical Society, Washington State University, University of Washington, University of Montana, Montana State University, Missouri Historical Society, and the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Descriptions of most of these collections are published in the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC).

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

1:  Personal papersReturn to Top

The papers in this group contain Biographical and genealogical papers, Family correspondence, Miscellaneous files, and Diaries, account books, and other volumes.

The Biographical material includes news clippings, an obituary, entries from biographical works, and various lists, summaries, reminiscences he recorded, and photographs. Also included are genealogical charts and histories for Barry's family and his wife's family, the Pegrams. Folder 7 contains typewritten stories of his father's experiences at the battles of Murfreesboro and Shiloh during the Civil War.

Correspondence includes letters with family and Ida Pollard Evans, a correspondent from his childhood home of Warrenton, Virginia. Included are letters from Barry's son, E. Dighton Barry, describing precautions and effects of the influenza pandemic in Spokane, Washington. There are also a number of letters regarding the health and financial situation of Barbara Pegram, his wife's niece, who was in a sanitarium in Spain in 1939.

Miscellaneous files contains items found inside of J. Neilson Barry's account books and diaries, collected poetry and humor, papers regarding the construction and furnishing of Barry's home, Barrycrest, in Portland, Oregon, his work as a probation officer in Spokane, Washington, and his service as a YMCA overseas secretary in 1918, and correspondence (chiefly after 1950) about Episcopal Church matters. There are Barry's students' grades at Hill Military Academy in Portland, where he taught History and other subjects (1929-1930), and at Oregon Institute of Technology (1932). There is material from the Trail Seekers, an organization formed in Oregon to promote an appreciation of history by young people.

There are notes and handouts from a teaching of history class taught by J.M. Gambrill at Columbia University in 1927; Barry's notes and student records from his studies at Albany College in Albany, Oregon, and notes for talks Barry gave to school groups in the 1920s about topics in Oregon history.

Barry's diaries are date books with brief notations of appointments and other notes. Also included are personal accounts of Barry and his wife; Barry's daily registers as Spokane probation officer; his clergyman's register of baptisms, marriages, and burials, he performed during his pastoral career; and his personal Bible. Loose papers that were inserted in these volumes were removed and placed in folders in Box 1.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
Resumes; obituary; clippings
1 2
Childhood reminiscences (Letter)
1 3
Reminiscences, etc.
1 4
Directory entries
1 5
1 6
1 7
Family history: Barry
1 8
Genealogy: Pegram
1 9
Letters from his son, E. Dighton Barry
1 10
Letters from grandsons,
1 11
Letter to Herbert Barry (brother)
1 12
Correspondence of Mildred Pegram Barry (wife)
1 13
Letters from Ida Pollard Evans
1 14
Correspondence with Julia Barry Horner (sister)
1 15
Correspondence regarding Barbara Pegram (niece)
1 16
Letter from Marjory Pegram (sister-in-law)
1 17
Correspondence regarding Marjory Pegram
1 18
Correspondence with other family members
1 19
loose items from account books
1 20
loose items from address books
1 21
loose items from Clergyman's register
1 22
loose items from Commonplace book
1 23
loose items from diaries
1 24
loose items from Mildred P. Barry account books
1 25
Collected poetry and humor
2 1-4
2 5
Spokane probation officer: statistical reports of activities
2 6
Spokane probation officer: Case reports
2 7
Spokane probation officer
2 8
YMCA relief work: YMCA publications and correspondence
2 10
YMCA relief work: Ardèche, France
2 11
YMCA relief work
2 12-14
Episcopal Church: Correspondence
2 15
Episcopal Church: Programs, etc.
3 1-2
Hill Military Academy: Gradebook
3 3
Oregon Institute of Technology: Grade and assignment book
3 4-10
Trail Seekers, Inc.: General
4 1
Lecture notes from Columbia University
4 2
Lecture notes and transcripts from Albany College
4 3-4
Historical talks
1885, 1902-1955
Holy Bible
Book of Common Prayer
Book of Common Prayer (miniature)
Hymnal (miniature)
Clergyman's register
Commonplace book
Address books
Complete Course in Arithmetic
Personal account books
Account, First National Bank
Investment record (Redbook)
Probation officer diaries and record books
Mildred P. Barry account books
Wedding invitation printing plate

2:  WritingsReturn to Top

This series contains more than 100 articles on aspects of Pacific Northwest history written by J. Neilson Barry, as well as the typescript of an unpublished book, The Trail Makers of Idaho (Box 8). The articles, many of which were published in the Oregon Historical Quarterly (OHQ) and Washington Historical Quarterly (WHQ), are present in various formats including typescripts, offprints, and photocopies of published versions. Very often an article is represented by more than one format. For this list, a bibliographical entry is given if the article is represented in a published form (offprint or photocopy); those represented only by typescripts are so identified. The notation "T also" in parentheses after a bibliographical entry indicates that a typescript is present along with the published form. Some articles are accompanied by correspondence with the editors and publishers. A few of the shorter articles might not have been written for publication, but as distillations of Barry's findings, prepared for himself or fellow researchers. Book reviews that Barry wrote are at the end of the series (Box 8).

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
5 1
Agriculture in the Oregon Country in 1795-1844, OHQ
5 2
An Almanac of 1776, OHQ 15
5 3
Another Hoax Stone, Fort Henry, Idaho, WHQ 25
5 4
Archibald Pelton, the First Follower of Lewis and Clark, WHQ 19
5 5
Astorians who Became Permanent Settlers, WHQ 24
5 6
Autobiography of William Henry Rector, OHQ 30
5 8
The Bridge of the Gods on the Columbia River
5 9
5 10
Broughton on the Columbia River in 1792, OHQ 27
5 11
Broughton, Up the Columbia River, 1792, OHQ 32
5 12
Broughton's Reconnaissance of the San Juan Islands in 1792, WHQ 21
5 13
The Cascades of the Columbia River
5 14
The Cath-Lah-Poo-Tle Weapons, Americana (?)
5 15
Centennial Anniversaries in 1929
5 16
The Champoeg Meeting of March 4, 1844, OHQ 38
5 17
Champoeg Park, OHQ 40
5 18
A Charles County Parish and Its Rectory Estate, Baltimore Sun, October 6
5 19
Columbia River Exploration, 1792, OHQ 33
5 20
The Clark Superimposed Map
5 21
The Dalles of the Columbia
5 22
The Discovery of the Columbia River
5 23
The Discovery of the Oregon Trail, Pacific Northwest Quarterly 28
5 24
The Dream That Came True. [Astoria]
5 25
The Drowned Forest of the Columbia Gorge, WHQ 26
5 26
Early Oregon Country Forts: A Chronological List," OHQ 46
5 27
The Early Travelers
5 28
Early Travelers in the Columbia River Gorge
5 29
Evaluation of Early Maps
5 30
An Excerpt of the Journal of E. Willard Smith, 1839-1840, Annals of Wyoming 10
5 31
An Extraordinary Canoe Race from Astoria in 1811, WHQ 21
5 32
The First-Born on the Oregon Trail, OHQ 12 [Dorion]
5 33
The First Explorers of the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Geographical Review July
5 34
First House in Portland. Historical marker unveiling program and brochure. [William Johnson house]
5 35
First Local Government, 1841: Index to Primary Sources, OHQ 41
6 1
First Map of Oregon Country, Union-Bulletin, Walla Walla, Washington
6 2
The Fleet of the Dead. [Sheridan at Yaquina Bay]
6 3
Footnote regarding Gray's first attempt to Enter the Columbia River
6 4
Fort Reed and Fort Boise, 1814-35, OHQ 34
6 5
Fort William, 1835, Portland, Or.: Hill Military Academy
6 6
The French-Canadian Pioneers of the Willamette Valley. Printed in Catholic Sentinel, Portland, Or. (April 7 - June 16)
6 7
Historian Will Vindicate French Canadian Pioneers of the Willamette Valley, Catholic Sentinel, Portland, Or. (April 7)
6 8
General B.L.E. Bonneville, WHQ 18
6 9
Gradual Knowledge of Wyoming Geography. Printed in Annals of Wyoming (September)
6 10
Grant at Vancouver, Washington, 1852-1853
6 11
Have you been there? Seaside, Or.: The White Plume and the Menagerie Lion
6 12
Hawaii and Oregon
6 13
The Historical Mosaic of Washington, Pacific Northwest Quarterly 30
6 14
History of Oregon
6 15
How Oregon Was Acquired: An Expose of the Champoeg Myth, Capital Journal, Salem, Or. (April 23-26)
6 16
How the Goats Came from Missouri
6 17
The Identification of Belle Vue Point
6 18
Indian Words in Our Language, OHQ 16
6 19
The Indians in Washington: Their Distribution by Languages, OHQ 28
6 20
The Indians of Oregon: Geographic Distribution of Linguistic Families, OHQ 28
6 21
An Interesting Hawaiian in Old Oregon. Printed in Hawaiian Historical Quarterly [John Coxe]
6 22-24
Irving's Astoria Annotated
6 25
John Day of the Astorian Enterprise
6 26
Johnnie King and the Indians (White River Massacre, 1855).
6 27
Journal of E. Willard Smith..., OHQ 14
6 28
6 29
Ko-come-ne Pe-ca, the Letter Carrier, WHQ 20 [Kootenai Indian]
6 30
Letter Identifying the Fountain' on the Powder River, OHQ 12
6 31
Lieutenant Jeremy Pinch, OHQ 38
6 32
Madame Dorion of the Astorians, OHQ 30
6 33
Miscellaneous articles about maps
6 34
Mount Ora. [Contents missing at refoldering]
7 1
The Murals in the State Capital, OHQ 40
7 2
The Mystery Chart of Heceta. Printed in Oregonian (September 20)
7 3
The Name Coeur d'Alene. Printed in Spokesman Review, Spokane, Wash. (June 22)
7 4
The Name Oregon
7 5
The Naming of Mount Hood. Dedication program
7 6
Neer-Chee-Ki-Oo, the Home of the Mysterious Blind Indian
7 7
Newell's Account of the Champoeg Meeting, Oregon Voter (August 10)
7 8
Notes from the Trail Seekers Council, OHQ
7 9
On the Plains in 1852, OHQ 29 [Oregon Trail emigrants]
7 10
One Hundred Years Ago in 1829, OHQ 30
7 11
Oregon Boundaries, OHQ 33
7 12
Oregon Country Areas
7 13
The Oregon Trail
7 14
Origin of Indians in the Oregon Country
7 15
Our Maverick Annexation
7 16
Peter Corney's Voyages, 1814-17, OHQ 33
7 17
The Peace which was Never Broken
7 18
Pickering's Journey to Fort Colville in 1841, WHQ 20
7 19
Point Vancouver on the Columbia River
7 20
Proposed book on the Astoria Expedition
7 21
Primary Sources to Early Government, WHQ 25
7 22
The Problem of the Stone Lasts, WHQ 25
7 23
The Queer Map of the Portland Locality
7 24
Reviews of Redskin and Pioneer
7 25
San Juan Island in the Civil War, WHQ 20
7 26
The Seven Indian Nations in Washington
7 27
Sites of Early Forts, Boise River Region
7 28
Site of the Historic Granary of the Methodist Mission, OHQ 43
7 29
Site of Wallace House, 1812-1814, One Mile From Salem, OHQ 42
7 30
The South Pass and Astorian Routes
7 31
Spaniards in Early Oregon, WHQ 23
7 32
Spanish and French Relics in America, OHQ 16
7 33
Tomahawk Island has Returned
7 34
The Trail of the Astorians, OHQ 13
7 35
The Trail Breakers Pageant. Brochure.
8 1
Two Strawberry Islands, WHQ 25
8 2
Use of Soil Products by Indians, OHQ 30
8 3
A Valuable Manuscript Which May Be Found, WHQ 19 [Lavalle journal]
8 4
A Visitor to Oregon in 1842. [Rufus Sage]
8 5
A Visit to the Bridge of the Gods
8 6
The Volcanic Cones
8 7
Warm Springs Johnie
8 8
Washington Irving and Astoria, WHQ 18
8 9
What Became of Benjamin Clapp, WHQ 21
8 10
When the Northwest was Wilderness
8 11
Where Broughton Raised the Flag
8 12
Who Discovered the Columbia River, OHQ 39
8 13
The Willamette Stone
8 14
Wyoming the Completed Puzzle" printed in Bulletin of the Geographical Society of Philadelphia (July)
8 15
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Front matter
8 16
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Period I, Lewis and Clark, 1805-1806
8 17
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Period II, The Beginnings of the Fur Trade
8 18
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Period III, The Astorians, 1811-1814
8 19
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Period IV, The British Fur Companies
8 20
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Period V, American Fur Traders
8 21
The Trail Makers of Idaho: Conclusion and maps
8 22-27
The Trail Makers of Idaho draft
8 28
Book reviews by John Neilson Barry
8 29
Book review: Carey, General History of Oregon (with correspondence)
8 30
Book review: Defenbach, Red Heroines of the Northwest (with correspondence)
8 31
Book review: Montgomery, The White-Headed Eagle: John McLoughlin (with correspondence)

3:  Research filesReturn to Top

J. Neilson Barry filed most of his correspondence and research notes together by topic. During the initial processing of the collection in 1958, Annie Laurie Bird arranged his topical files into 90 broad subject groupings (each of which she called a Research File) and one Miscellaneous Subject File. The correspondence and notes in these files will be much more meaningful to researchers who have reviewed Barry's writings (Series 2) first. Please note that some of Barry's letters are not in topical research files; that correspondence is listed below under "Separated Correspondence."

Container(s) Description Dates
Separated correspondence
The letters in this box are those that were not interfiled into J. Neilson Barry's topical research files. In some cases the letters were of a general or miscellaneous nature that either defied classification or could not be identified; or they were wide-ranging letters exchanged with a particular person or institution on a variety of topics. Many of the research topics in the research files are represented here; for example, Barry and Eugene B. Chaffee discussed several areas of Idaho history, and the correspondence with the Oregon Historical Society discusses many themes in Oregon history. Not all of it is research correspondence, per se; some of it (particularly in Folders 1 through 4) is of a miscellaneous nature, such as letters to the editor, inquiries to merchants, and the like. All the correspondents are, however, included in the collection's index of correspondents. The one letter from H.L. Mencken (Folder 13) is a friendly letter, evidently in response to one from Barry, inviting him to submit an article to the American Mercury. A letter to Boise State University from E.W. Giesecke, written in 2004 describing Barry's home, Barrycrest, has been added to the file of correspondence between Barry and Giesecke (Box 9, Folder 10). The letter includes some reminiscences by Giesecke about Barry and two photos of the house.
Box Folder
9 1
General and miscellaneous, Chronological
9 2
General and miscellaneous, Chronological
9 3
General and miscellaneous, Chronological
9 4
General and miscellaneous, Chronological
9 5
[This number not used]
9 6
Chaffee, Eugene B.
9 7
Chapman, C.C. / Oregon Voter
9 8
Curry County Indian Heir Association / Sam Van Pelt
9 9
Daughters of the American Revolution
9 10
Giesecke, E.W.
9 11
Kibbe, L.A.
9 12
Lewis and Clark College
9 13
Mencken, H.L. (one letter from Mencken)
9 14
Oregon Blue Book (about)
9 15
Oregon Historical Society
9 16
Oregon Historical Quarterly: Editorial policy
9 17
Oregon Textbook Commission
Correspondents include Rex Putnam.
9 18
Richardson, Ruth Ellsworth
9 19
Rollins, Philip Ashton, and Beulah Rollins
9 20
Utility Security Holders Protective Association
9 21
Wheat, Carl I.
9 22
Whitehill, Walter Muir
9 23
Correspondence regarding Maps
9 24
Correspondence regarding Gifts of maps
File 1 - Astoria: Correspondence and Writings
The early history of Astoria, John Jacob Astor's short-lived fur trading outpost near the mouth of the Columbia River, was one of J. Neilson Barry's primary research interests. He was particularly interested in determining the routes of travel of the overland Astorians (especially Wilson Price Hunt and Robert Stuart) and in ascertaining the names of all persons who worked at or visited Astoria, the names of those who stayed on in Oregon, and the names of ships that called there. He began preparing an annotated edition of Washington Irving's Astoria, but did not obtain the commitment of a publisher and never completed the project. He did, however, publish an article, "Astorians Who Became Permanent Settlers" in the Washington Historical Quarterly in 1933. Much of Barry's correspondence and research material on Astoria and Astorians is gathered in Files 1 through 8 (Folders 1 to 126). There is additional material in the Miscellaneous Subject File under names of individuals; and bodies of other related materials in File 33 (Ross Cox), File 35 (Marie Dorion), File 72 (South Pass / Robert Stuart), and elsewhere in the collection. Portions of Barry's Astoria files were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s.
Box Folder
10 1
List of Barry's booklets on various Astorian topics
10 2
Astoria Bibliography
10 3
Research correspondence: Miscellaneous
10 4
Research correspondence: Original Astoria journal
10 5
Summary by John Neilson Barry
10 6
Writings: The Dream That Came True
10 7
Writings: Irving's Astoria, Annotations by Barry: Chapters 1-4
10 8
Writings: Irving's Astoria, Annotations by Barry: Indian chapter
10 9
Writings: Irving's Astoria, Annotations by Barry: Indians: References
10 10
Writings: Irving's Astoria: Correspondence
10 11
Writings: Irving's Astoria: Notes on criticism
10 12
Writings: Review of John Jacob Astor, Landlord of New York (Smith)
10 13
Miscellaneous notes
File 2 - Astoria: Compilations
Included in this File are Barry's notebooks recording events at Astoria chronologically (Folders 14 to 20), an index of places associated with Astoria and Astorians (Folder 21), and other compilations.
Box Folder
10 14
Arrivals and Departures
10 15
10 16
10 17
10 18
10 19
10 20
Astoria, from April 4, 1814
10 21
Place Names, indexed
10 22
Names of persons
10 23
Names from British Admiralty
10 24
Number of Persons, Shares of Partners
File 3 - Astoria: Topical Notes
Mainly notes and compiled bibliographical references on the persons and topics listed.
Box Folder
10 25
Astor, John Jacob
10 26
Astor, John Jacob: Letters to Astor
10 27
Astor, John Jacob: "Pirate Gold," joke of Professor Herbert E. Bolton
10 28
Astor, John Jacob: Residence of John Jacob Astor
10 29
Ebbetts, Capt. John
10 30
Henry, Andrew
10 31
Jackson, Francis James, envoy from Great Britain
10 32
Mackenzie, Charles (North West Company) meets Lewis and Clark
10 33
McGillivray, Joseph
10 34
Thompson, David: Letter to Fraser
December 21 1810
10 35
Thorn, Capt. Jonathan
10 36
Mackinaw Company
10 37
Missouri Fur Company
10 38
North West Company, persons
10 39
North West Company, officers and men
10 40
North West Company, bibliography
10 41
North West Company, miscellaneous
10 42
North West Company, notes on persons
10 43
Pacific Fur Company: Incorporation
10 44
Pacific Fur Company: Sale of Astoria
10 45
British Columbia, explorations
10 46
British Government
10 47
Northwest agreement
10 48
10 49
U.S. Government
File 4 - Astoria: Wilson Price Hunt
Barry sought to trace the route of Wilson Price Hunt's disaster-plagued overland expedition from St. Louis to Astoria. Correspondents include B.W. Driggs, Howard B. Lott, A.C. McCain, and Louie W. Shevling. See also File 71 (Snake River and Snake River Canyon); the Miscellaneous Subject File folder on Donald McKenzie (Folder 978); and Map folder 1302.
Box Folder
10 50
Hunt party (photos)
10 51
McKenzie route through Idaho, 1811: Research correspondence
10 52
Hunt's route: South Dakota, Wyoming. Maps, Notes
10 53
Hunt's route, 1811. Maps, Notes
10 54
Pages clipped from Astoria for annotation, first state annotated
10 55
Research correspondence
10 56
Research correspondence
File 5 - Astoria: Maps
Mostly maps drawn by Barry himself. See also Miscellaneous Subject File, Folder 669, for township maps; Folder 939 in the Miscellaneous Subject File (Lapie Map); and Folder 1328 in the Maps (Series 4 for a town plan.
Box Folder
11 57
Worksheet maps of Columbia and Snake River
11 58
Hand-drawn maps
11 59
Hand-drawn maps, Astorian overland route (Wilson Price Hunt)
11 60
Three-sheet worksheet map of Fort Boise
11 61
Route of Overland expedition to Astoria
11 62
Unidentified map/sketches
11 63
Lake Biddle
File 6 - Astoria: Persons
J. Neilson Barry compiled these folders (arranged alphabetically by last name) with references to and information concerning persons who lived, worked, or visited Astoria. Data on Astorians who remained in Oregon was used as source material for his article, "Astorians Who Became Permanent Settlers" (Washington Historical Quarterly, 1933). The names of Astorians should also be checked against the compilations in Files 67 through 70.5 (Persons) and names of persons in the Miscellaneous Subject File.
Box Folder
11 64
11 65
C-D; Dorions
11 66
11 67
11 68
11 69
11 70
N, O, P
11 71
Q, R, S; Ramsay, George
11 72
11 73
V, W; Wallace Journal; XYZ
11 74
Wallace Journal: Research correspondence
11 75
Correspondence with Kenneth W. Porter
11 76
Porter article, Editorial revisions
File 7 - Astoria: Post and Forts
Research material and references to outposts of Astoria.
Box Folder
11 77
Coeur d'Alene
11 78
Flathead Fort
11 79
Henry Fort
11 80
McKenzie Post
11 81
Oak Point Fishing Station (Winship brothers)
11 82
Fort Okanogan
11 83
Fort Okanogan: Research correspondence
Correspondents include Burt R. Campbell and John C. Goodfellow
11 84
Reed's Post on the Boise
11 85
Reed's Post: Maps
11 86
Reed Party
11 87
11 88
11 89
Wallace house
11 90
Wallace house: Research correspondence
11 91
North West Co. Willamette Post: Articles by R.J. Hendricks
11 92
North West Co. Willamette Post: Historical marker controversy
11 93
Fort Willamette
File 8 - Astoria: Ships
See also the folders on Ships in the Miscellaneous Subject File (Folders 1115-1127). E.W. Giesecke cited Barry's research in his series of articles, "Search for the Tonquin," in Cumtux (1990). His articles and other notes have been added to the collection (Folders 122 and 123).
Box Folder
11 94
Ships connected with struggle for Astoria.
11 95
USS Adams / USS John Adams
11 96
11 97
11 98
11 99
HMS Cherub
11 100
Schooner Columbia
11 101
USS Constitution
11 102
Dolly Jane
11 103
11 104
USS Essex
11 105
11 106
11 107
Isaac Todd
11 108
The Lark
11 109
HMS Laurel
11 110
New Hazard
11 111
12 112
12 113
HMS Phoebe
12 114
HMS Raccoon
12 115
HMS Raccoon: Research correspondence
12 116
Spanish Corvette, Santa Barbara
12 117
Small schooner purchased at Sandwich Islands
12 118
Spanish Frigate, Tagle
12 119
12 120
12 121
Tonquin: Research correspondence
12 122
Tonquin: The Search for the Tonquin, by E.W. Giesecke
12 123
Tonquin: Notes by E.W. Giesecke, with tribute to Barry
12 124
Trading vessel at Astoria
12 125
British war vessel
12 126
File 9 - Barlow Road (and other emigrant roads)
In 1846, Sam Barlow obtained a charter allowing him to cut a toll road from Tygh Valley, Oregon, to the Willamette Valley, enabling westbound pioneers to leave the Columbia River at The Dalles and avoid both the rapids and ferry charges. Over its many years of operation, there were many course variations. Barry traced much of the route on hand-drawn township maps, and was interested in other cross-country routes from the Columbia to the Willamette. The file includes several letters (1941-1942) from W.J. Williams, who was particularly interested in the descent on the steep grade of Laurel Hill. For information on other emigrant trails in Oregon, see the folders on Trails, Roads, and Routes (Folders 1169-1177) in the Miscellaneous Subject file.
Box Folder
12 127
Barlow Road Map
12 128
Plats of the Barlow Road
12 129
Laurel Hill: Research correspondence
12 130
Sandy River plat
12 131
Township plats, T1N, Ranges East
12 132
Township plats, T1S, Ranges East
12 133
Township plats, T2S, Ranges East
12 134
Township plats, T3S, Ranges East
12 135
Township plats, T4S, Ranges East
12 136
Township plats, T4S, Des Chutes Region
12 137
Township plats, T5S, Des Chutes Region
12 138
Township plats, T5S, Ranges East
12 139
Township plats, T6S, R12E
File 10 - Battles
Folders 140 and 143 contain extensive lists of battles and other fights between Indians and whites, mainly in Oregon. Folder 141 includes letters (1926) from W.P. Gray, captain of the steamer Spokane, with his recollections of the fighting involving his ship in 1878. Gray's obituary is in Folder 867 in the Miscellaneous Subject File. Portions of File10 were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s. Notes on forts in Washington are found in File 40, Forts: State of Washington.
Box Folder
12 140
Battles in the Pacific Northwest (Oregon, Washington, Idaho): Lists
12 141
Bannock-Paiute War (and Steamer Spokane)
12 142
Battle of Evans Creek
August 24 1853
12 143
Forts and battles in Oregon, by county: Lists
12 144
Forts and battles in Oregon: Camp Watson: Correspondence
Correspondents include Mrs. D.H. Putnam
12 145
Data from Heitman's Historical Register and Dictionary of the U.S. Army
12 146
Indian Wars. Accounts and reminiscences
12 147
Modoc War
12 148
Nez Perce War
12 149
Miscellaneous notes and articles. Includes Index of Battles
File 11 - Boise, Old Fort, and Reed Fort Locations
These folders pertain to Barry's interest in the precise locations of the successive fur-trading posts at the mouth of the Boise River established by John Reed, Donald McKenzie, and Hudson's Bay Company. By Barry's time, the main channel of the river had shifted considerably, relocating the river's mouth and complicating his search. He corresponded with historian Annie Laurie Bird and other local people in attempting to locate the path of the original channel, and prepared a number of hand-drawn maps. Some of the letters by Barry in these files are photocopies (apparently made many years ago) of his originals letters sent to personnel of the Idaho State Historical Society. Additional correspondence about this topic is found in the correspondence with Eugene B. Chaffee (Box 9, Folder 6); oversize maps are located in Maps folder 1303.
Box Folder
12 150
Research correspondence
12 151
Location of the Reed Forts and Boise Forts by John Neilson Barry
12 152
Fort Boise
12 153
"Fort Boise," by Annie Laurie Bird
12 154
Fort Boise, by Eugene B. Chaffee, Idaho Statesman
1934 August 26
12 155
Summary of locations of Reed, McKenzie, McKay post on the Boise or near it
12 156
Fort Boise locations/maps and notes
12 157
Miscellaneous booklet of maps, notes, photostats
File 12 - Bonneville, Captain
This file contains more than 100 letters to and from Barry chronicling his interest in Captain Benjamin Bonneville's explorations in the Pacific Northwest, 1832-1834, and the identification of places mentioned in Bonneville's 18-page handwritten report of July 1833, particularly places in Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon. Barry was instrumental in unearthing and publicizing the 1833 report (found in War Department files). He prepared an annotated typescript (File 161) from photostats he obtained from the War Department. The Washington Historical Quarterly published a transcript from Barry's photostats in July 1927, though he was critical of that work for its lack of annotations. Among Barry's correspondents in these files are B.W. Driggs, Philip Rand, and W.A. Ricks (Idaho) and Grace Raymond Hebard (Wyoming). Additional letters about Bonneville are located in Folder 1213, Wallowa region, in the Miscellaneous Subject File.
Box Folder
13 158
Research correspondence
13 159
Research correspondence
13 160
Correspondence pertaining to Bonneville in booklet form (photos)
13 161
Bonneville's Report, transcribed and annotated by Barry
13 162
Bonneville's itinerary
13 163
13 164
Winter Cantonment
13 165
Article by Washington Irving, "The Adventure of Captain Bonneville..."
13 166
Article by G. K. Warren, containing letters from Bonneville
File 13: Boundaries, International
Barry traced the claims over time of European powers and the United States to the territory of the Pacific Northwest, making note of developments, chronologically, in a series of notebooks (in Folders 170 and 171). The file includes some sketch maps but no correspondence. Much related material is found in Files 84 to 87 (Treaties). See also Miscellaneous Subject File for folders on Colorado, Map of (Folder 795) and Northwest Boundary (Folder 1013).
Box Folder
13 167
Spanish exploration and treaties
13 168
Russia on the Northwest coast: Northwest boundaries
13 169
Russians and French on Northwest coast
13 170
13 171
13 172
Notebook of photostats (U.S documents, 1873) pertaining to the Oregon boundary
13 173
Article: 54 40 or Fight, by Paterson
13 174
Notes on article: The Oregon Treaty of 1846, by Sage
File 14 - Canada: British Columbia
See also Miscellaneous Subject File for Simon Fraser and Fraser River (Folders 845 and 846).
Box Folder
13 175
Correspondence, Miscellaneous
13 176
British Columbia
13 177
Coastal Indian Tribes
13 178
Interior Indian Tribes
13 179
Morice, A.G.: Notes and correspondence
13 180
Victoria's Oldest House
File 15 - Canada: Hudson's Bay Company
The material in this file concentrates on the Hudson's Bay company's activities and personnel in what became the American Pacific Northwest. See also Maps folder 1305.
Box Folder
13 181
Hudson's Bay Company
13 182
Proof sheets from Hunter Miller on settlement of HBC claims (Treaty Series 128, Document 240)
13 183
Correspondence with Hunter Miller [See also File 87, Treaties Concerning Oregon]
13 184
Employees, 1829-1832, 1840-1843: Lists
13 185
License to trade
13 186
Minutes of Council, 1830-1843 (1834-1838 omitted): extract notes by Barry
13 187
Posts and forts: Fort Umpqua (Oregon): Correspondence
Correspondents include E.O. Fuller and Hunter Miller
13 188
Value of Property
13 189
Miscellaneous articles clipped from Beaver, Canadian Historical Review, etc., dealing with the activities of the Hudson's Bay Company
13 190
Miscellaneous Articles II
13 191
Miscellaneous Articles III
File 16 - Canada: Maps and List of Forts
These files contains hand-drawn and commercial maps, as well as Barry's notes, about posts, forts, and routes of fur traders, in Canada, particularly British Columbia.
Box Folder
14 192
Athabasca Pass
14 193
Map lists, British Columbia
14 194
British Columbia, Hudson's Bay Company: Routes of travel, trails, etc. Hand-drawn maps and notes
14 195
Maps showing Hudson's Bay Company fur trading posts
14 196
Forts in Canada: lists
14 197
The Grand Portage
14 198
Routes of travel: Maps
14 199
Jasper National Park (Athabasca Pass)
14 200
The Route to Montreal
File 17 - Cascades
Barry was interested in the natural history of the Cascades of the Columbia River and the Indian legends of the Bridge of the Gods, as well as the military history of the vicinity, particularly the battle there in 1856. Barry mixed his notes in some of his booklets, so some of these folders contain notes on aspects of the Cascades not indicated by the folder titles. Folder 209 contains a printed prospectus for building the 1926 steel Bridge of the Gods (also found in Folder 288). Correspondents in the Sheridan Point file (Folder 208) include D.A. Brown, who wrote about the restored Fort Rains there as well as other Columbia River blockhouses. More notes and letters about the Cascades are in File 29 (Columbia River: Drowned Forest).
Box Folder
14 201
Bridge of the Gods: Correspondence
14 202
The Bridge of the Gods on the Columbia River, by J. Neilson Barry
14 203
Battle at the Cascades, March 26-28, 1856. Notes and correspondence
14 204
Bibliography, Cascades
14 205
Cascades Cemetery
14 206
Fort Gilliam
14 207
Massacre at Cascades
14 208
Sheridan Point
14 209
Clippings and Bridge of the Gods prospectus
File 18 - Champoeg I
In 1936, J. Neilson Barry published a series of articles in the Capital Journal (Salem, Oregon), entitled "How Oregon Was Acquired: An Expose of the Champoeg Myth." In particular, he wished to debunk a popular notion that Oregon became part of the United States by a vote of its early settlers at Champoeg on May 2, 1843. He believed that the importance of the May 2 meeting was exaggerated in other respects, too, including the claim that it represented the beginnings of civil government in Oregon. These files reflect his continuing research on what exactly took place at various meetings at Champoeg, who was there, the wording of monuments and signage at Champoeg State Park, and the broader question of the origins of civil government by the American settlers in Oregon. See also the folders on Ewing Young's estate (Folders 1264-1267) in the Miscellaneous Subject file. Portions of Barry's Champoeg files were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s.
Box Folder
14 210
14 211
14 212
14 213
14 214
Articles: How Oregon Was Acquired, by John Neilson Barry
14 215
Articles: Champoeg Humbugs and other summations by John Neilson Barry
14 216
Articles: Champoeg Meeting of March 4, 1844, by John Neilson Barry
14 217
Articles: First Local Government in Oregon, 1841, by John Neilson Barry
14 218
Articles: Primary Sources to Early Government, by John Neilson Barry
14 219
Champoeg address by Rex Putnam, with correspondence
14 220
McNary bill
14 221
Champoeg Park, Museum: State Legislation
14 222
Report on Champoeg by Charles Hicks
14 223
An Evaluation of the Champoeg Meeting, by Robert W. Rowe
14 224
Clippings and notes regarding civil government in Oregon
14 225
Article reprints from the Oregon Historical Quarterly
14 226
Notes: Alcaldes, Local government in Jackson County
14 227
Notes on laws
14 228
Pioneers: Miscellaneous notes on persons
14 229
Provisional Government: Notes and Articles
14 230
Provisional Government: Notes and lists of names
14 231
Civil Government. Notes and synopses
File 19 - Champoeg II: Maps and Plats
J. Neilson Barry made a detailed study of early land ownership and donation claims in the Champoeg vicinity. He created detailed hand-drawn maps of the townships and sections, noting early ownership and the presence of structures such as barns, houses, etc. See also Maps folder 1306.
Box Folder
15 232
Champoeg locality
15 233
Township 3 South, Ranges 1 West and 2 West
15 234
Township 4 South, Ranges 1, 2, 3, and 4 West, 1 East
15 235
Land Donation claims (Ady, Billique, Despard, La Framboise, Langtain, Lucier, Newell)
15 236
Plats of Champoeg village
15 237
Newberg, Campment Du Sable (mainly notes)
File 20 - Champoeg III: Source Documents
Chiefly photostats of primary source documents Barry used in his research and prepared for duplication and distribution. For maps of Champoeg Park, see Map folder 1306.
Box Folder
15 238
Persons by name, A-Ma
15 239
Persons by name, John McLoughlin
15 240
Persons by name, N-Z
15 241
Champoeg Park: Legislative appropriations
15 242
Champoeg Park: Conclusions, with evaluation of site, by C.R. Hicks
15 243
Champoeg Park: Miscellaneous documents
15 244
Champoeg Park: Memorial inscription (Maud Mattley, DAR)
15 245
Champoeg. Poem by Jeanette Green
15 246
Parrish, J.L. Oregon anecdotes
15 247
French petition or "addresse"
15 248
Executive Documents, U.S. Congress
15 249
Names of persons who voted...
15 250
Souvenir of the 80th Anniversary of the Organization of the First American Civil Government West of the Rocky Mountains....
File 21 - Chronology of Oregon
Notations, year by year, on important events in Oregon, with bibliographical references.
Box Folder
15 251
15 252
File 22 - Clatsop Beach
[moved to File 56, Lewis and Clark on Lower Columbia, Folder 501].
File 23 - Colter, John
John Colter, one of the members of the Lewis and Clark expedition, returned to the Rocky Mountains as a trapper after the conclusion of the expedition in 1806. On William Clark's 1814 map, Clark added the route of Colter's travels in 1807. The anomalies and inaccuracies of that map have given rise to questions about Colter's actual route, however. Barry pursued the problem, analyzing the information and trying to sort out the verifiable geographic locales from the disputable ones. He also investigated the 1933 discovery of a stone in eastern Idaho with an inscription allegedly by John Colter. More information on the latter is also found in File 39, Fort Henry / Carved Stones. Correspondents include Merrill D. Beal, Carl E. Jepson, Roy A. Phillips, John E. Price, and Howard R. Stagner. See also Map folder 1307.
Box Folder
15 253
Research correspondence
15 254
Research correspondence
15 255
Research correspondence
15 256
Notes and problems on John Colter: Barry's summation
15 257
Bradbury and others on Colter
15 258
1814 Colter Map
15 259
Colter Stone
15 260
Miscellaneous notes, maps, and printed material
15 261
Newspaper account of opposition to Jackson Hole National Monument Proposal
15 262
Cody / Big Horn promotional materials
File 24 - Colter, John: Maps
Box Folder
15 263
John Neilson Barry's notes and miscellaneous writings
15 264
Tracings of Maps
15 265
Barry's Worksheets for drawing maps (1)
16 266
Barry's Worksheets for drawing maps (2)
File 25 - Colter, John: Old Maps
Box Folder
16 267
Miscellaneous file of Mr. Barry's earlier attempts to map Colter's Route
16 268
Miscellaneous file of Mr. Barry's earlier attempts to map Colter's Route
File 26 - Columbia River: Lt. Broughton
One of Barry's primary historical interests was the identification of places named by early explorers of the Columbia River. He sought to restore the names those explorers gave to those places and, in pursuit of that goal, conducted an active correspondence with the U.S. Board of Geographic Names. File 26 centers around the exploration by Lieutenant William Broughton of the Royal Navy, who in 1792, during Vancouver's voyage to the Northwest coast, entered the river and charted it as far as a point he named Point Vancouver. There is information about Barry's attempts to identify Broughton's Point Vancouver both in this file and File 32, Columbia River: Point Vancouver. This file also documents Barry's efforts to memorialize Broughton. Correspondents include Broughton's grandson Bertram R. Mitford (Folder 271). See also File 88 on Captain George Vancouver, and Folder 749 in the Miscellaneous Subject File on Edward Bell and the search for his journal, which also relate to Broughton's Columbia River explorations. A Photostat of Broughton's chart of the river is in Map folder 1308.
Box Folder
16 269
Research Correspondence
16 270
Research Correspondence
16 271
Research Correspondence
16 272
Correspondence notebook
16 273
Depth of water and Patton report
16 274
Broughton's filed notes and observation angles
16 275
Broughton's journal: Correspondence
16 276
Broughton Bluff: Correspondence
16 277
Flag Island: Correspondence
16 278
Friendly Reach / Vancouver expedition
16 279
Broughton's Point Possession
16 280
Belle Vue Point
16 281
Belle Vue Point: Correspondence
Correspondents include H.G. Halkett of Willamette River Light Station.
16 282
Broughton map and exploration
16 283
Broughton and Point Vancouver: Maps
File 27 - Columbia River II
Barry's concise summation of Broughton's exploration of the river, extracted from Vancouver's Voyage of Discovery and Edward Bell's journal.
Box Folder
16 284
First Exploration of the Columbia River
File 28 - Columbia River III
These folders contain notes and correspondence about the Columbia River, chiefly (but not exclusively) about physical aspects of the river. His short essay, "The Unanswered Question" (Folder 300), addresses the extent of the river; i.e. whether the salt waters of the lower Columbia can properly be considered part of the river at all, or whether they are really an inlet of the ocean; a question that has bearing on who should be credited with discovering the river: Heceta, Gray, or Broughton. The question is also explored in Barry's file of correspondence with the Canadian Geographic Journal and Royal Geographical Society (Folder 287). More information about this can be found in File 43 (Heceta); and Folders 864-865 in the Miscellaneous Subject file on Captain Robert Gray. See also Map folder 1309.
Box Folder
16 285
Research Correspondence
16 286
Research Correspondence
16 287
Correspondence with Canadian Geographical Journal and Royal Geographical Society
16 288
Correspondence with Lewis R. Williams
16 289
Bridge of Gods (Steel bridge prospectus)
16 290
Explorations of the Columbia and Snake Rivers
16 291
High Water Stages
16 292
Columbia River in Washington
16 293
Naming of Columbia River and British Columbia, by Basil G. Hamilton
16 294
Navigation, Columbia Bar
16 295
Columbia River maps by John Neilson Barry
16 296
Columbia River maps by John Neilson Barry
16 297
Picture maps of the Columbia
16 298
Reed Island
16 299
Salinity of Water
16 300
The Unanswered Question
File 29 - Columbia River IV: Drowned Forest
The notes and correspondence in these folders pertain primarily to the drowned (or submerged) forest in the Columbia River, above the Cascade rapids, whose snags protruding above the water were noted by early travelers during periods of low water.
Box Folder
17 301
Research correspondence
17 302
Cascades, Bridge of the Gods, and Submerged Forest: Notes and charts
17 303
Statements of early travelers (extracts)
17 304
Statements of early travelers (extracts)
17 305
17 306
Drowned Forest: Photo and ms. map
17 307
Submerged Forest of the Columbia River Gorge, by D.B. Lawrence
File 30 - Columbia River V
[Removed and cataloged with Special Collection books: "Columbia River and Minor Tributaries" (1933)]
File 31 - Columbia River VI: Columbia River Gorge and Highway
Box Folder
17 309
Columbia River Gorge and Mt. Hood, by R. J. Grace (Union Pacific Railroad)
17 310
Columbia River Gorge, from an open observation car (Union Pacific Railroad)
17 311
Pamphlets about Columbia River Highway
17 312
Travelers in the Columbia River Gorge, by year, 1792-1834
File 32 - Columbia River VII: Point Vancouver
This file, consisting chiefly of correspondence, documents Barry's efforts to identify the site along the river that Lt. Broughton named Point Vancouver in 1792. Barry's correspondence extended to the British Admiralty Office, from whom he obtained a photostat of Broughton's chart of the Columbia, confirming the conclusions he had made in 1928 from his comparison of Broughton's narrative and astronomical observations (recorded in Vancouver's Voyage of Discovery) to modern charts and maps, his own site visits, and consultations with river experts. An article summarizing Barry's work was published in the Portland Oregonian on January 1, 1933 (Folder 318). Barry also sought recognition of the site by the U.S. Board of Geographic Names, a task complicated by an earlier identification of Broughton's Point Vancouver as modern-day Cottonwood Point. Correspondents include historian T.C. Elliott, Fred C. Schubert of the Army Corps of Engineers (Portland), and Captain R.S. Patton, Director of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, whose investigation and report convinced the U.S. Board of Geographic Names to accept Barry's location. Additional information about the identification of Point Vancouver is also found in File 26, Columbia River: Lt. Broughton. A copy of the Patton report is found there, in Folder 273. A photostat of Broughton's chart is located in Maps folder 1308.
Box Folder
17 313
Point Vancouver: Notes
17 314
Correspondence notebook
17 315
Correspondence, Chronological
17 316
Correspondence, Chronological
17 317
Correspondence, Chronological
17 318
Newspaper article, "Point Vancouver Location Settled"
17 319
Names on Broughton's map
17 320
Notes regarding the name Point Vancouver
17 321
Cottonwood Point
File 33 - Cox, Ross
Barry was interested in tracing the "lost wanderings" of the Astorian Ross Cox in what is now eastern Washington in August 1812. Among his correspondents was Otto Wollweber, of Reardan, Washington, who was familiar with many of the old trails. Barry's annotated copy of Cox's Adventures on the Columbia River (1831) is located in the Special Collections Department. A map by Barry of Cox's wanderings is in Map folder 1310.
Box Folder
17 322
Research correspondence
17 323
Names, summary draft
17 324
Judge Carey's notes on Ross Cox
17 325
Summary (4th) of Cox's Adventures on the Columbia River
17 326
Lost Wanderings: Draft maps
File 34 - Day, John
One of the last controversies Barry entered into concerned the alleged burial site of the Astorian John Day and the question whether or not he was a veteran of the Revolutionary War. In 1953, the Daughters and Sons of the American Revolution recognized a traditional gravesite on Birch Creek, Clark County, Idaho, as the place, and had it marked accordingly. Almost immediately that was challenged, and eventually the Sons of the American Revolution asked that the marker be taken down. Much of the controversy hinged on whether Birch Creek or some other stream was the one known in the 19th century as John Day's River. Barry contributed to the investigations by supplying copies of historic maps of the vicinity showing that the Little Lost River, not Birch Creek, was that stream. Principal correspondents include J.A. Harrington and E.C. Phoenix, both of whom questioned the Birch Creek site, as well as Ellen Fourt, J.R. Gobble, Lula H. Lough, and Marion C. Orr. See also File 38 on the Ferris Map and Map folder 1311.
Box Folder
17 327
Biographical notes
17 328
Marker and gravesite: Correspondence
17 329
Marker and gravesite: Correspondence
17 330
Notes regarding the John Day marker
17 331
Sons of the American Revolution report
17 332
Notes, Birch Creek massacre, 1877 (Nez Perce War)
17 333
Maps: Kittson
17 334
Maps: Bonneville
17 335
Maps: Arrowsmith
17 336
Maps: Mullan
17 337
Maps: Compilations / Idaho's Queer Basin
File 35 - Dorian Family
The travails and heroic survival of Marie Dorion, the only female member of the Wilson Price Hunt party, were related by Washington Irving, Ross Cox, and other early chroniclers of the West, but the details of her life story and whereabouts afterwards remained as obscure as Sacajawea's until J. Neilson Barry ferreted them out of church and civil records (from St. Louis to Oregon) and found elderly people who remembered her. His findings were published in the Oregon Historical Quarterly in 1929 as "Madame Dorion of the Astorians." W.J. Ghent, who wrote Dorion's entry in the Dictionary of American Biography, credited Barry with the breakthrough. "My sketch for the Dictionary will be recalled and amended to accord with your discoveries. Fortunately the D's have not yet been reached in the printing...I trust that you will keep me informed of any further discoveries you make" (June 11, 1929, in Folder 342). The letters and notes in these folders document Barry's research. One of his principal informants was Isabel Bertrand, who not only remembered Madame Dorion but also recounted the history of her own family, the Aubichons, early settlers of the French Prairie vicinity on the Willamette (Folder 341). Other correspondents include Cleveland S. Simkins, a Dorion descendant, and Vera Joyce Nelson.
Box Folder
18 338
Research correspondence
18 339
Research correspondence (photo)
18 340
Correspondence: Dictionary of American Biography
18 341
Correspondence: With French Prairie, Old settlers
18 342
Correspondence: Ghent, W.J.
18 343
Correspondence: Idaho
18 344
Correspondence: Roman Catholic
18 345
Correspondence: South Dakota (including Doane Robinson)
18 346
Attempt to identify with Topaz
18 347
References to all Dorion names including index
18 348
Marie Dorion: Church records and burial records
18 349
Marie Dorion: Notes on family members, and marker in Caldwell, ID
18 350
Footnote to follow article "Madam Dorion" by John Neilson Barry
18 351
Dorion family: Miscellaneous
File 36 -Discoveries, Miscellaneous
Box Folder
18 352
Miscellaneous article offprints I
18 353
Miscellaneous article offprints II
File 37 - Douglas, Davis
Barry traced out and mapped Scottish botanist David Douglas' travels in the Pacific Northwest, 1826-1827, through a close reading of his journal.
Box Folder
18 354
Article by A. R. Sweeter
18 355
Notes and extracts
18 356
Summary of journals
File 38 - Ferris Map
The map by fur trader Warren Angus Ferris was one of the keys disproving the alleged gravesite of John Day (see File 34, John Day). Folder 359 contains Barry's hand drawn worksheets tracing Ferris' map and comparing it to modern maps. Correspondents include J. Cecil Alter and Fred Rosenstock.
Box Folder
18 357
18 358
Journal: Extracts and notes
18 359
W. A. Ferris Map: Worksheets
File 39 - Fort Henry / Carved Stones
The notes and correspondence in these folders relate primarily to finding the site of Andrew Henry's fort and trading post in the upper Snake River region of eastern Idaho, and to attempts to authenticate two stones allegedly inscribed by members of Henry's party. Correspondents include Merrill D. Beal, Charles Kelly, Susie Boice Trego, and F.A. Miller of St. Anthony, Idaho, owner of the two Fort Henry stones. Barry studied the route and personnel of the 1871 Hayden survey of the Yellowstone region to determine if any members of that party could have left the stones; see File 42, Hayden Survey (Box 19, Folders 379 and 380) for those notes. There is also information about a stone allegedly inscribed by John Colter in 1808, and one allegedly left by an early Hudson's Bay Company party in Stevenson, Washington. For information about stones allegedly carved by William Clark in 1805, see File 48, Lewis and Clark Expedition, Clark stones (Box 21, Folder 441).
Box Folder
18 360
18 361
Major Andrew Henry notes
18 362
Map of Henry's Fort
18 363
Idaho Carved Stones. Rubbings and photos (photos)
circa 1933
18 364
Map of Fort Henry area
18 365
Carved stone at Stevenson, Washington
1929 1960
File 40 - Forts: State of Washington
Miscellaneous materials about military forts and trading posts in early Washington. Notes on forts in Oregon are found in File 10, Battles.
Box Folder
19 366
Forts: Listing
19 367
Forts: A-C
19 368
Forts: E-L
19 369
Forts: M, N, O
19 370
Forts: P-Z
19 371
Forts: Fort Bennett
19 372
Forts: Fort Columbia
19 373
Forts: Fort Colville
19 374
Forts: Fort Okanogan
19 375
Forts: Fort Walla Walla
19 376
Miscellaneous forts
File 41 - Robert Frazier Map
J. Neilson Barry worked to correlate the place names and geographic features on Robert Frazer's map (1807) of Lewis and Clark's explorations with modern maps.
Box Folder
19 377
Barry's manuscript maps and essays
19 378
Barry's manuscript maps: working drafts
File 42 - Hayden Survey
Barry traced the route of the Hayden survey in the Yellowstone area, 1871. One of his motivations to do this was his belief that at least one of the carved stones ("Al, the cook....") found in eastern Idaho (File 39) might have been left by this survey team. See also File 39 (Fort Henry / Carved Stones).
Box Folder
19 379
Sidford Hamp diary (reprint)
19 380
Notes by John Neilson Barry
File 43- Heceta, Captain Bruno
Barry was interested in identifying the geographic features on Heceta's chart of the mouth of the Columbia River (1775) and calculating the position of Heceta's ship when he drew it. He published a summary of his findings in the Portland Oregonian on September 20, 1931, maintaining that the chart should settle the dispute as to whether the mouth of the Columbia is actually an inlet of the ocean or a part of the river proper. Additional information may be found in File 28 (Columbia River III) and in his file of correspondence with the Canadian Geographic Journal (Box 16, Folder 287). See also Map folder 1314.
Box Folder
19 381
Research correspondence
19 382
Correspondence and notes
19 383
Heceta's River Chart, by John Neilson Barry
19 384
Schooner Sonora
File 44 - Indians
This file consists chiefly of research correspondence, references to primary sources, and clippings, about Indians in Oregon and Washington. Barry was particularly interested in sorting out the tribes and linguistic families in Washington (Folders 405 to 407), the agricultural practices of Oregon and Washington Indians (Folder 386), and the sources of the iron and copper weapons the Indians of the Columbia possessed when first encountered by American and European explorers (Folder 388). Among his correspondents on the latter topic were George G. Heye and Arthur A. Woodward, who wrote a long letter on the subject. See Barry's articles on the linguistic families of Washington and Oregon Indians (Box 6, Folders 19 and 20) and on copper weapons (Box 5, Folder 14). See also File 14 (Canada: British Columbia) for Barry's notes on British Columbia Indians; names of tribes in the Miscellaneous Subject File; and the folders on Pictographs (Folder 1048), Religious Observances in Oregon (Folder 1077), and Tobacco (Folders 1160 and 1161) in the Miscellaneous Subject File. There is a good deal of correspondence with Ellen Center, a Tillamook Indian, regarding Chief Kilchis, his ancestry and descendants in the Miscellaneous Subject File Folder 1158 (Tillamook Indians).
Box Folder
19 385
Indians (Lists of tribes and linguistic groups in Oregon and Washington)
19 386
Agriculture by Indians
19 387
Agriculture by Indians: Correspondence
19 388
Battle-axes and swords, Iron: Research correspondence
19 389
Catholic missions: Correspondence
19 390
Chiefs (alphabetically)
19 391
Diseases and medicine
19 392
19 393
Index in Portland Library
19 394
Miscellaneous notes and clippings
19 395
Mounds in Oregon
19 396
Maps: Indians of Oregon Country, by R. L. Benson
19 397
Number of Indians
19 398
Bronze plaques of Indian chiefs (Museum of the American Indian)
19 399
Relics: Correspondence
19 400
Spokane Princess, Jessie Jim: Clippings
19 401
19 402
Chief Timothy: Clippings
19 403
Veterans of Indian Wars: Clippings
19 404
Indians in Washington
19 405
Indians in Washington and Oregon: Research correspondence
Correspondents include H.C. Coe.
19 406
The Seven Indian Nations of Washington, Notes by J. Neilson Barry
19 407
The Seven Indian Nations of Washington, Summation by J. Neilson Barry
19 408
Indian Words: Letters from Archibald F. Robertson
19 409
Nathaniel J. Wyeth's description, 1834
19 410
W. P. Clark. Indian Sign Language, 1885
19 411
George Bird Grinnell. Cheyenne Indians...
19 412
Hopi Indian Reservation
File 45 - La Hontan, Baron
Most of the letters in the correspondence file (Folder 413) concern Barry's attempts to determine if the Minnesota River, rather than the Missouri, was the "Long River" described by French explorer, the Baron de la Hontan, in the published version of this travels. Correspondents include Louis D. Powers, of Ortonville, Minnesota, who was familiar with the local geography. Barry was also interested in La Hontan's descriptions of Indians and geography of the West. See also Map folder 1317.
Box Folder
20 413
Research correspondence
20 414
Bearded Indians
20 415
Earliest Description of Colorado Rockies
20 416
"The Murdered Map of La Hontan" (Essay by John Neilson Barry)
20 417
Miscellaneous notes
20 418
New Voyages to North America
20 419
Miscellaneous articles
20 420
Worksheets for maps
File 46 - Lee, Jason
Barry was "not a great admirer of Jason Lee, as a missionary, a husband, or a man" (February 10, 1932). He opposed the placement of a statue of Lee in the U.S. Capitol as well as the issuance of a postage stamp in his honor. Barry studied the surveys of the U.S.-Canadian border and insisted Lee was born in Canada rather than in Vermont, and considered him a transient, not an Oregon settler eligible to represent the state on either a postage stamp or in Statuary Hall. Correspondents in this file include Richard G. Montgomery, who proposed writing a novelized version of Lee's life.
Box Folder
20 421
Correspondence about Jason Lee
20 422
20 423
20 424
Notes / List of Protestant missionaries
20 425
Postage stamp
20 426
Printed booklets
20 427
Permanent settlers, 1834
20 428
Statue of Jason Lee, U.S. Capitol
20 429
General problems in research
File 47 - Lee, Jason: Old Methodist Mission
Barry conducted intensive research in land and survey records to pinpoint the location of Jason's Lee's mission building. Portions of this file were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s. See also Map folder 1319.
Box Folder
20 430
Mission site: Correspondence
20 431
Plats by J. Neilson Barry
20 432
Township boundary and section lines
20 433
Meanders of the river
20 434
Donation land claims
20 435
R. J. Hendricks' "Bits for Breakfast"
20 436
"Old Mill--Old Mission," by Oswald West
20 437
File 48 - Lewis and Clark Expedition
J. Neilson Barry was interested in many aspects of the Lewis and Clark expedition besides their route of travel. File 48 contains folders on a variety of topics. The most extensive folder pertains to one of the expedition's presentation medals owned by Mrs. Mary V. Lane, of Underwood, Washington (Folder 452). Correspondents include Mrs. Lane and D.A. Brown.
Box Folder
21 438
Miscellaneous correspondence
21 439
Astronomical observations
21 440
Branding iron
21 441
Clark stones
Photos and rubbings (photos)
21 442
21 443
Costume: Correspondence
21 444
Costume: Notes
21 445
Dog belonging to Lewis
21 446
Frenchmen in Dakotas who joined expedition temporarily
21 447
Invoice of goods
21 448
Journal extracts: Gass and Whitehouse on Clearwater River
21 449
Journal extracts: Gass, Ordway, Whitehouse
21 450
Letter from Clark to General George Rogers Clark
21 451
Iron loop for dugouts found at Armstead, Montana
21 452
Medals: Correspondence
21 453
Multnomah and Oregon Rivers
21 454
Names of persons
21 455
Names of places
21 456
Notes from Ordway's journal
21 457
Notes from Thwaites
21 458
21 459
Published journals: Correspondence
21 460
Rocky Mountain Region of Montana
21 461
Salt cairn, Seaside, Oregon
21 462
Shoshones mentioned Pacific Ocean
21 463
21 464
Cath-la-poh-tle weapons, by John Neilson Barry (article)
21 465
Weapons of Indians
File 49 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: Patrick Gass
Barry took detailed notes on the journal of Patrick Gass. He corresponded with Donegan Wiggins and others about marking Gass' grave in West Virginia, and with Rufus Rockwell Wilson (Press of the Pioneers) about publishing an annotated version of Gass' journal.
Box Folder
21 466
Gravesite and Journal: Correspondence
21 467
Journal illustrations
21 468
Journal: Notes I
21 469
Journal: Notes II
File 50 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: Sacajawea
Sacajawea was not a major research interest of Barry's, but he did compile some notes regarding her name and her role with the Lewis and Clark expedition. His thinking is summarized in a letter of January 22, 1949 (Folder 470) in which he calls Sacajawea "an interpreter...not a guide." Among his correspondents was Grace Raymond Hebard, who advanced the thesis that Sacajawea died at the Wind River reservation, Wyoming, in 1884. Hebard supplied Barry with typescripts of some of the testimony she incorporated into the appendices of her book (1933), as well as some material not published. Though Barry considered Miss Hebard an "amiable lady, highly esteemed," he did not accept her theory and wrote at considerable length to refute it.
Box Folder
21 470
Research correspondence
21 471
Grace Raymond Hebard: Manuscript and correspondence
21 472
Notes; Name; Maps
21 473
Miscellaneous articles
File 51 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: East of the Continental Divide
Barry's main interest in Lewis and Clark was tracing the course of their route back and forth across the continent and identifying the places they mentioned in their journals. Files 51 through 57 contain his correspondence, notes, and hand-drawn maps toward that end. Though he was interested in the entire Lewis and Clark trail, Barry's most extensive research involved the land (as opposed to river) portions of the route, in what are now Montana, Wyoming, and especially Idaho. He corresponded with local historians, surveyors, Forest Service personnel, and others familiar with the areas the expedition traversed.
Box Folder
21 474
Saint Louis (1804) to Great Falls
21 475
Great Falls to Three Forks
21 476
Three Forks to Armstead, Montana
21 477
Three Forks to Big Hole Basin: Correspondence
Correspondents include George R. Metlen.
21 478
Return, 1806
21 479
Return: Big Hole Basin (Clark, 1806)
21 480
Lewis battle, 1806
21 481
Thompson Creek
21 482
Yellowstone region (Clark, 1806)
File 52 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: Lemhi Region
Barry's correspondents in File 52 include John N. Kinney, supervisor, Salmon National Forest.
Box Folder
22 483
Lemhi region: Research correspondence
22 484
Lemhi region: Original journals (extracts), August 1805
22 485
Lemhi region: Notes
22 486
Lemhi region: Clark's trip on Salmon River, August 1805
22 487
Lemhi region: Summary, August 1805
File 53 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: Lolo Trail
Barry's principal correspondents in this File are Elers Koch and Roy A. Phillips of the U.S. Forest Service.
Box Folder
22 488
Lolo Trail: Research correspondence
22 489
Lolo Trail: Hungry Creek to Koose Kee River
22 490
Lolo Trail: Journals
22 491
Lolo Trail: Plat of courses on ridge
22 492
Lolo Trail: Notes on route from Hungry Creek to Weippe prairie
22 493
Lolo Trail: Eastward on the Lolo Trail: Journals
22 494
Lolo Trail: Patrick Gass, Notes
22 495
Lolo Trail: Maps
File 54 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: Clearwater River
Box Folder
22 496
On the Clearwater: Abstracts of journals, westward march, 1805
22 497
On the Clearwater: Abstracts of journals, eastward march, 1806
File 55 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: On the Snake and Columbia Rivers
Box Folder
22 498
Lewiston to the Dalles
22 499
Cascades of the Columbia
File 56 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: On the Lower Columbia
Box Folder
22 500
Campsite of Clark: April 4, 1806 by J. Neilson Barry
22 501
Clatsop Beach
22 502
Fort Clatsop
22 503
Journal of Sergeant John Ordway
22 504
Multnomah Indians with Maps and notes
22 505
22 506
Sandy River
22 507
Sauvie Island
22 508
Sighting the Pacific / Seaside, Oregon
22 509
St. Helen's neighborhood
22 510
Vancouver and Washougal neighborhoods
22 511
Mouth of Columbia (6 maps)
22 512
Maps by J. Neilson Barry
File 57 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: Maps
In this File are notes and short essays about the various 19th century maps of the Lewis and Clark expedition, Barry's correspondence about those maps, and some of his own hand-drawn maps. The maps Barry collected documenting the expedition are in Map folders 1320a to1320 h.
Box Folder
23 513
Lewis and Clark in Idaho, Maps by J. Neilson Barry
23 514
Tracings, etc. by J. Neilson Barry
23 515
Herman Friis article
23 516
This number not used
23 517
Clark maps: Correspondence
23 518
Clark's manuscript map superimposed on a Montana map
23 519
Clark's manuscript map, Yale: Tracings
23 520
Colter route on Clark's manuscript map
23 521
Colter route on 1814 etching
23 522
Dalles map
23 523
Drouillard map of 1808
23 524
Drouillard map of 1808: Correspondence
23 525
Frazer map: Correspondence
23 526
Frazer map
23 527
Kamiah map (made by Indians, of Hell's Canyon)
23 528
Lewis map of 1806
23 529
Mandan Indian map
23 530
McVicar map
23 531
Misplacement of Continental Divide
23 532
Textbook maps showing route of journey
File 58 - Lisa, Manuel
Moved to Folder 954.
File 59 - Marias Pass
Barry was interested in the history of Marias Pass in northwestern Montana, particularly knowledge of it by traders, trappers, and explorers in the early 19th century. The assertion that it was discovered in 1889 by John Frank Stevens, a surveyor-engineer for the Great Northern Railway, seemed unreasonable to him, so he searched for earlier references in journals and on early maps. Correspondents include Ralph Budd, Lew L. Callaway, William Marriott Canby, L.J. Lownds, Paul C. Phillips, and H.M. Sims.
Box Folder
23 533
23 534
23 535
Article on John Frank Stevens
23 536
23 537
Map of Marias Pass
23 538
Itinerary of James Doty, Pacific Railroad Reports (1854)
23 539
Manuscript maps by J. Neilson Barry
File 60 - McLoughlin, Doctor John
In 1928, Barry campaigned to have the historic name McLoughlin Point restored to Ryan Point on the Columbia River, near Vancouver, Washington. That proposal drew considerable opposition from locals who were used to the name Ryan Point.
Box Folder
23 540
Doctor John McLoughlin: Notes
23 541
Doctor John McLoughlin: Family
23 542
Doctor John McLoughlin's correspondence: Notes
23 543
McLoughlin Point chronology
23 544
McLoughlin Point: Correspondence
File 61 - New York: City and State
Barry's notebook is subtitled "Indian Paths and Villages / Forts, etc. / Battlefields, etc.
Box Folder
23 545
Miscellaneous notes and maps
File 62- Ogden, Peter Skene
Barry studied the published journals of Peter Skene Ogden in an attempt to trace his travels in the West. He also made note of persons mentioned in the journals (Folder 546), part of his broader effort to identify early Western inhabitants and sojourners who predated the influx of Oregon settlers in the 1840s.
Box Folder
24 546
Early notes for 1824-1830: Names
24 547
Notes, Ogden's Snake Country
24 548
Notes, Ogden's Snake Country
24 549
Notes on William Kittson
24 550
Note on Mrs. P. S. Ogden
24 551
Article by D.E. Miller, annotated by J. Neilson Barry
File 63 - Oregon Agriculture
Bibliographic references and occasional clippings relating to agriculture in early Oregon. See also Barry's article on early Oregon agriculture (Box 5, Folder 1) and File 44, Indians, for folders on Indian agriculture.
Box Folder
24 552
Notes on agriculture and settlers
24 553
24 554
24 555
24 556
24 557
Willamette Valley agriculture
File 64 - Oregon Trail
These slim files contain miscellaneous correspondence and printed matter related to the Oregon Trail and historic commemorations associated with it in the 1920s. See Files 9 (Barlow Road), 66 (Oregon Trail in Idaho), and 72 (South Pass) for Barry's research on segments of the trail route.
Box Folder
24 558
Articles and souvenir programs
24 559
Correspondence, Miscellaneous
24 560
Correspondence, William G. Paden and Irene D. Paden
24 561
Notes and correspondence on "The Oregon Trail" (WPA guide)
24 562
Oregon Trail commemorative coin: Congressional report
24 563
Localities mentioned by travelers
24 564
Old Oregon Trail (Motion Picture): Correspondence
24 565
Old Oregon Trail legislation
24 566
"Old Oregon Trail" pamphlets
File 65 - Oregon Trail: Maps
These notes and hand-drawn maps come from Barry's study of Oregon Trail maps published in The Crown Collection of American Maps, Series IV: The American Transcontinental Trails, by Archer Butler Hulbert. He studied the course of the trail as outlined in the maps and redrew portions of particular interest to him in a larger scale on range and township grids.
Box Folder
24 567
Crown maps: Wyoming
24 568
Crown maps: Idaho
24 569
Crown maps: Oregon
File 66 - Oregon and Other Trails in Idaho
Barry took extensive notes from Oregon Trail diaries. He paid particular attention to the mileages recorded by the diarists and correlated the geographical features they mentioned to modern place names. See also File 11 on Old Fort Boise.
Box Folder
24 570
Index to journals on the Oregon Trail in Idaho
24 571
24 572
Summary, from ford of Boise River to Fort Boise
24 573
Diaries: Excerpts, Notes
24 574
Diaries: Excerpts, Notes
File 67 - Persons: French Canadians
Notes and correspondence about early French Canadians in the Pacific Northwest. Correspondents include Harriet D. Munnick. See also the Miscellaneous Subject File for folders on a number of individuals, filed alphabetically by name; File 6 (Astoria: Persons); File 19 on Champoeg with maps of donation land claims; File 35 on the Dorion family; and Barry's article, "The French Canadian Pioneers of the Willamette Valley" (Box 6, Folder 6 ). Portions of File 67 were microfilmed by the Oregon State Library in the early 1950s.
Box Folder
24 575
French Canadians in the Willamette Valley: Research correspondence
24 576
Canadian settlers (French speaking): Lists
24 577
Champoeg list
24 578
Donation Land Claims list
24 579
French Canadian Pioneers of Willamette Valley, by John Neilson Barry
24 580
Frenchmen in Wyoming (Lists of names)
24 581
List of naturalized citizens, McMinnville, Oregon
File 68 - Persons: Listed by Years
Lists of early settlers and others in the Pacific Northwest derived from primary sources.
Box Folder
25 582
Astoria, permanent settlers
25 583
List of names east of Rockies, 1814 (Franchere)
25 584
Itineraries (of Western explorers) with names of persons
25 585
List of persons in Oregon country
25 586
List of settlers (English-speaking)
25 587
Names mentioned by Alexander Henry
25 588
Roll of Honor Pioneers, 1843
File 69 - Persons: Census 1850-1940
Chiefly published statistical data.
Box Folder
25 589
Population, notes (including first settlers of Willamette Valley)
25 590
Population Bulletins (U.S.)
25 591
Population Bulletins (Oregon)
File 70 - Persons: Census by the Years
Lists of names of early persons in the Oregon country, arranged by year. See also the Miscellaneous Subject File for names of signatories on Petitions to Congress (Folder 1044) and names of persons in the estate papers of Ewing Young (Folder 1266).
Box Folder
25 592
Barry's selection of terms for early persons in Oregon country
25 593
Settlers by years (Oregon census), 1833-1842 (Names)
25 594
Census lists
25 595
Additional names after first compilation
25 596
Immigration, 1841, 1842
25 597
Census, French speaking
25 598
Census, English speaking
25 599
Women in the trek of 1843
25 600
Protestant missionaries, 1843
25 601
Pioneers of 1844
25 602
Immigration, 1845 and 1846 (incomplete)
File 70.5 - Persons: Indexes
Compilations of bibliographic references to early settlers and others in the Pacific Northwest, arranged by last name. Occasionally newspaper clippings about persons have been affixed to their bibliography page, as well. Many of the persons are also represented by folders in the Miscellaneous Subject File and elsewhere within the collection. (Until 2006, these index folders were filed at the beginning of their letters in the Miscellaneous Subject Files).
Box Folder
25 603
A-B (A is missing)
25 604
25 605
25 606
E-F (F is missing)
25 607
25 608
25 609
25 610
25 611
25 612
25 613
25 614
25 615
25 616
File 71 - Snake River and Snake River Canyon
J. Neilson Barry was particularly interested in the travels of the Astorians in the Hell's Canyon country of the Snake River. See also File 4 (Astoria: Wilson Price Hunt: McKenzie Route; particularly Folder 51); and the Miscellaneous Subject File for folders on Donald McKenzie (Folder 978) the Wallowa region (Folders 1212-1214). For a variety of reasons, Barry disliked the name "Snake" and avoided using the term "Hell's Canyon." Folder 619 includes an article from the Portland Oregonian of October 18, 1936, entitled "We Paddled a Canoe Through Hell Canyon," by George Thomas and Alan Williams, recounting a canoe trip from the Boise River to Portland, Oregon.
Box Folder
25 617
25 618
Name of Snake River: Correspondence
25 619
Miscellaneous newspaper clippings
25 620
Maps of Snake River Canyon
25 621
Explorations of Snake River
25 622
Government figures (water flow)
25 623
Indian map, 1806
25 624
Summary of explorations of Snake River
File 72 - South Pass / Robert Stuart Route
Barry was interested in the 1812 eastward overland route of the Astorian Robert Stuart and particularly his crossing of the continental divide at South Pass, Wyoming. Much of the correspondence relates to the geography of the South Pass region and speculation on Stuart's exact route of travel through the area. Correspondents include Seymour S. Bernfeld, Donald A. Sherlock, Philip Ashton Rollins (one letter), and others familiar with the territory and the terrain. Other related correspondence with B.W. Driggs (1929) is found in File 4 (Astoria: Wilson Price Hunt). Folders 627 and 628 contain photostats of field notes for government surveys of the area in 1885 and 1931. Barry's conclusions are found in his article, "The Discovery of the Oregon Trail," published in the Pacific Northwest Quarterly (1937) (Box 5, Folder 23). He contended that Nathaniel J. Wyeth, rather than Stuart, was the first to travel in full the route that became the Oregon Trail through that region.
Box Folder
26 625
Research correspondence
26 626
Maps by Barry
26 627
Field notes of surveys (Photostats)
26 628
Field notes of survey (Photostats)
1885 1931
26 629
Robert Stuart: Journal and journey: miscellaneous notes
26 630
Robert Stuart: Travel memo, October 10-24, 1812
26 631
Robert Stuart: Travel memo, October 6-12, 1812 (Hoback River vicinity maps)
26 632
Robert Stuart maps (Barry's hand-drawn versions)
File 73 - Spokane House, Location of
Barry was interested in the precise location of the Spokane House, the North West Company's fur trading post at the confluence of the Spokane and Little Spokane rivers. In the 1940s he worked with local historians and other local people to pinpoint the site. See also Map folder 1326.
Box Folder
26 633
26 634
26 635
Correspondence: Fay M. Orton
26 636
Correspondence: Jerome Peltier
26 637
Correspondence: Local informants
26 638
Summation (not by Barry)
26 639
26 640
Photos from Jerome Peltier (photos)
26 641
Maps and sketches
File 74 - Thompson, David: Chronological Index
Detailed notes on the travels of David Thompson, mainly in the Spokane, Kootenay, and Columbia River regions.
Box Folder
26 642
File 75 - Thompson, David: Miscellaneous
Barry's main interest in David Thompson was his travels and exploration in what is now Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, as well as names of persons associated with him.
Box Folder
26 643
Research correspondence
26 644
Description of
26 645
Maps of travel on Columbia River, July-August 1811, by J. Neilson Barry
26 646
Names of persons
26 647
Names of persons, West of the Rockies and Idaho, David Thompson era
26 648
26 649
26 650
Miscellaneous notebook and clipped articles
26 651
John McDonald relief party
26 652
Map and notes
26 653
Summary of articles on Thompson in Oregon Historical Quarterly
File 76 - Thompson, David: Maps and Printed Materials
Box Folder
27 654
Manuscript maps by Barry
For copies of Thompson's maps, see Map folder 1327.
27 655
Canadian Historical Review
1936 September
27 656
Canadian Historical Review
1937 March
27 657
Canadian Historical Review
1937 June
File 77 - Township Plats: Ashland Area and Southwest Oregon
Barry made hand-drawn maps of townships in various areas of Oregon, drawing in principal streams, trails, roads, etc., and often annotating them with notations of donation land claims and their owners.
Box Folder
27 658
Ashland region
27 659
Applegate Creek
27 660
Jackson County
27 661
Josephine County
27 662
Klamath Lake region
File 78 - Township Plats: Baker Area
Box Folder
27 663
Baker region
27 664
Blue Mountains and Meacham
27 665
Burnt River
27 666
Grande Ronde
27 667
File 79 - Township Plats: Coast Range
Folder 669 (Astoria) also contains numerous clippings, bibliographic references, and other information about Astoria history.
Box Folder
27 668
Guide map of coast townships
27 669
See also Map folder 1328
27 670
Cape Horn, Point Adams
27 671
Indian Treaty, 1851
27 672
Siletz Bay
27 673
Yaquina Bay
27 674
Various townships plats
File 80 - Township Plats: Cow Creek
Also Wolf Creek.
Box Folder
27 675
Townships 30S to 33S, Manuscript maps
File 81 - Township Plats: Eugene
Box Folder
27 676
File 82 - Township Plats: Willamette
The maps in this File, about the Willamette Valley, seem to have been drawn for the purpose of recording locations of donation land claims. See also Map folder 1329.
Box Folder
27 677
Townships 1S to 7S
27 678
Townships 1N to 4N
27 679
Miscellaneous (Tualatin, Beaverton)
File 83 - Township Plats: Umpqua River
Box Folder
27 680
Umpqua River, Township 22S, 23 S, 25S
27 681
Umpqua River, miscellaneous
File 84 - Treaties, British
Barry was interested in the history of boundaries and sovereignty in the Oregon country and particularly international treaties regarding those issues. Much related material is located in File 13, Boundaries.
Box Folder
28 682
Treaties through 1824
28 683
28 684
Treaty of 1842
28 685
Pakenham, Buchanan, 1845
28 686
Treaty of 1846
28 687
Notes, Carey
28 688
Notes, Dr. John Bassett Moore
File 85 - Treaties, Russian
Box Folder
28 689
Treaties, Russian
File 86 - Treaties, Spanish
The various proposals and counterproposals of the United States and Spain leading to the Treaty of 1819, which fixed the northern boundary of Spain's possessions at the 42nd parallel, is the focus of Barry's research in this file. He drew a series of colored maps illustrating the various proposals (Folder 692).
Box Folder
28 690
J. Neilson Barry's maps and notes
28 691
Notes, typed
28 692
Maps of Spanish Treaty, 1819: Notebook
File 87 - Treaties, United States, Concerning Oregon
Barry's study of the evolution of the international boundaries in the Pacific Northwest led him to correspond with scholars and government officials, including Joseph C. Grew, Philip Brooks, E.C. Barker, Hunter Miller, and C.S. Kingston. The action of Captain James Biddle, U.S. Navy, in raising the American flag at the mouth of the Columbia in 1818, and its implications, were of particular interest to him (Folders 697 and 698), as were ceremonies customary in taking possession of a new country (Folder 703). Much more correspondence with Hunter Miller is in File 15, Canada: Hudson's Bay Company. See also Miscellaneous Subject File, Northwest Boundary (Folder 1013).
Box Folder
28 693
28 694
28 695
Atlas of Historical Geography. Notes
28 696
Atlas, Oregon Boundaries. Notes
28 697
Biddle, Captain James: Research correspondence
28 698
Biddle, Captain James: Notes
28 699
List of books on Oregon boundary
28 700
Independent Government
28 701
Hunter Miller notes
28 702
28 703
Oregon boundary dispute, Oregon in Congress
28 704
Taking possession
28 705
Arbitration, 1871: Notes on old maps
File 88 - Vancouver, Captain George
Barry took extensive notes on George Vancouver's Voyage of discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and round the world relating to the expedition's exploration of the Columbia River. He also studied the journal kept by a member of the Chatham's crew as published in the Washington Historical Quarterly, 1914-15. See also the files on Columbia River, particularly Files 26 and 27; Miscellaneous Subject Files, Edward Bell's Journal (Folder 749); and Map folder 1330.
Box Folder
28 706
Vancouver's narratives: Notes
28 707
New Vancouver journal (kept on H.M.S. Chatham)
28 708
Explorations, 1792, 1793
28 709
Vancouver mentioned by Lewis and Clark
File 89 - Vancouver, Washington and Fort Vancouver
The three main topics in this file are agriculture at the Fort Vancouver trading post, the old apple tree in Vancouver (reputedly the oldest apple tree in the Pacific Northwest), and General Ulysses S. Grant's association with the U.S. Army's Fort Vancouver. Barry was part of the effort to have a marker erected at the site of Grant's potato patch.
Box Folder
28 710
28 711
Agriculture at Fort Vancouver
28 712
Apple tree: Research correspondence
28 713
Apple tree: Clippings
28 714
General U.S. Grant at Vancouver, 1852-1853
28 715
Newspaper clippings
28 716
Township plat by John Neilson Barry
File 90 - Work, John
Barry took notes from the journals of John Work, fur trader, particularly as they related to his travels inside what is now the United States. Names of persons mentioned in the journals were a particular interest of his.
Box Folder
28 717
Journals, 1824-1830: Notes
28 718
Journals, 1830-1834: Notes and index of names
28 719
Journal extract, 1832 (in Idaho)
File 91 - Miscellaneous Subject File
Box Folder
29 720
Adams, John Quincy
29 721
Adams, John Quincy: Correspondence with Samuel Flagg Bemis
29 722
Adams, John Quincy: Research correspondence
29 723
Ainsworth, J.C., Capt.
29 724
Akin murder: Correspondence and clippings
1933 1937
29 725
Alaska boundaries: Research correspondence
29 726
Alaska Indians
29 727
Alaska: Russian Battles
29 728
Albeni Falls, Idaho
29 729
Applegate family / Applegate Route
29 730
Applegate Route: Research correspondence
29 731
Archives, Oregon
29 732
Arrowsmith Map
See also Map folder 1301.
29 733
Artists: Agate and Adams
29 734
Ashley, William H.
29 735
Ashley-Smith explorations
29 736
Ashton, Jo
29 737
Athapascan Indians / Alsea Indians
29 738
Aurora colony (Oregon)
29 739
Babcock, Ira L., Dr.
29 740
Bailey, W. J., Dr.
29 741
Ball, John
29 742
Barnabie, Joseph
29 743
Barnaby, Joseph
29 744
Barnston, George
29 745
Barr, Mr. Notes on stories
29 746
Bear, The Kidnapping Bruin
29 747
Beaver, Herbert
29 748
Beaver, Herbert, Rev. at Fort Vancouver
29 749
Bell, Edward. Journal
29 750
Bell's Hill / Sandy River: Correspondence
29 751
Bell's Hill / Sandy River: Notes, etc.
29 752
Bell's Hill / Sandy River: Notes from Court house
29 753
Bernier, Marcel Isadore: Research correspondence
29 754
Bernier, Francis
29 755
Bidwell, John, General
29 756
Billique, Pierre
29 757
Birnie, James
29 758
Blanchet, Bishop
29 759
Bonneville Dam: Correspondence
29 760
Boise River / Clark map
29 761
Books and Authors
29 762
Booth, John Wilkes
29 763
Brackenridge, Henry M.
29 764
Bradbury, John. Travels of
29 765
Bridger, James
29 766
Brown, J. Henry. Political History of Oregon
29 767
Buried treasure / Pacific pirates / Beeswax ship
29 768
Burlingame, Merrill. The Montana Frontier
29 769
Bush, George, black pioneer
29 770
Buttons, Discovered: Correspondence
29 771
29 772
Canadian Northwest, by E. H. Olin
29 773
Canby, William M. Journal and maps (Western Montana)
29 774
Canning, William: Research Correspondence
29 775
Carson, Alexander
29 776
Carson, Kit
29 777
Carson, Washington (Local history)
29 778
Cartwright House / Mountain House (Lorane, Oregon) (photos)
29 779
Casseno, Chief
29 780
Charboneau (young man)
29 781
Charponka, killed at Fort Hall (1834)
29 782
Childs, Joseph B.
29 783
Chinookan Indians
29 784
Chinook wind
29 785
Chinook wind: Research correspondence
Correspondents include T.C. Elliott, Edward L. Wells, and meteorologists
29 786
Chittenden, H. M. The American Fur Trade: Notes
29 787
Clapp, Benjamin
29 788
Clark, Dan E. Extracts from the The West in American History
29 789
Clark, R. C. History of the Willamette Valley
29 790
Clark, Down, Blue. School History of Oregon
29 791
Clatsop County
29 792
Clyman, James
29 793
Coeur d'Alene essay contest (origin of name)
Correspondents include C.M. Barbeau
29 794
Coffin Rock
29 795
Colorado, Map of
29 796
Cook, James, Captain
29 797
Corbett, Oregon: Tunnel Hill
29 798
Corney, Peter
30 799
Coulee Dam
30 800
Counties of Oregon (Maps)
30 801
Course of Des Femmes Creek (Finlay Creek, near Missoula, Montana)
30 802
30 803
Coxe, John
30 804
Crater Lake, Oregon
30 805
Crooks, Ramsay
30 806
Custer, General
30 807
Cross, Osborne
30 808
Cullen, John W.
30 809
Dale, Clifford. Ashley-Smith Exploration
30 810
The Dalles, Oregon / Wishram, Washington. Maps, notes, and correspondence
30 811
Deady, Matthew, Judge
30 812
Dease, Warren
30 813
Deer Island
30 814
Degie, Phillip
30 815
Delard, Joseph
30 816
Delcour, Jean Baptiste
30 817
De Smet, Father
See also Map folder 1312.
30 818
Dictionary of American History
30 819
Dictionary of American History: Correspondence
30 820
Dogs, laws, etc.: Correspondence
30 821
Dogs, laws, etc.: Notes
30 822
Doctors in the Oregon Country
30 823
Donpierre, David
30 824
Douglas, James, Sir
30 825
Drake, Francis, Sir
30 826
Draper, Lyman Copeland / Larry Gara
30 827
Dubreuil, Jean Baptiste
30 828
Dunn, John. History of Oregon Territory
30 829
Duprey, Louis. Daughter of (Mrs. Marguerite La Fontaine)
30 830
Eells, Cushing, Rev.
30 831
Electric Lights, first on Oregon ship
30 832
Eugene, Oregon, pageant: Program (Sunset Trail)
30 833
Farnham, Thomas J. Travels in the Great Western Prairies
30 834
Fidler, Peter
See also Map folder 1313.
30 835
30 836
Finley, Jaco
30 837
Fish Springs, California
30 838
Fitzpatrick, Thomas
30 839
Flags at Astoria, etc.
30 840
Floods and Fires in Oregon (Oregon Oddities)
30 841
Force, John
30 842
Foster, Phillip
30 843
Fossils, Archeology, Geologic phenomena: Clippings
30 844
Franchere, Gabriel. Itinerary from Astoria to Montreal, 1814
30 845
Fraser on the Fraser River (The Beaver)
30 846
Fraser River and Simon Fraser
30 847
Free Trappers
30 848
Fremont, John C.
30 849
Frost, John, Rev. Journal of
30 850
Fuller, George W. History of the Pacific Northwest
30 851
Gale, Joseph
30 852
Gamble, John M.
30 853
Garry, Chief of the Spokanes
30 854
Gauthier, Pierre, and Paul Ojet
30 855
Gay, George
30 856
Gervais, Joseph
30 857
Gilbert, E. W. The Exploration of Western America
30 858
Gillespie, Archibald H., Captain
30 859
Gilliam, Cornelius, Colonel
30 860
Goodyear, Miles. With Whitman, 1836
30 861
Gilpin, William, Governor
30 862
Glacier National Park / Triple Divide Peak, including maps
30 863
Glass balls on beach
30 864
Gray, Robert, Captain: Research correspondence
30 865
Gray, Robert, Captain: Notes
30 866
Gray, William H.
30 867
Gray, William P., Captain
30 868
Gray's Harbour
30 869
Greenhow, Robert
30 870
Hancock, Samuel
30 871
Harmon, Daniel W.
30 872
Hastings, L. W.
30 873
Hathaway, Felix
30 874
Hayden Island
30 875
30 876
Henry, Alexander
30 877
30 878
Hewett, Adam
31 879
Hikes: Notes (Columbia River sands)
31 880
Himes, George H. Biography
31 881
Historical Spots, Marking of
31 882
31 883
Holderness, Samuel M.
31 884
Hole, The Deep
31 885
Hoole, Jacques
31 886
Hooley, Jacques, aged trapper
31 887
Horizons (Memory, Tradition, Gossip)
31 888
Hulbert, A. B. The Oregon Crusade (Overland to the Pacific series)
31 889
Hunter, John D.
31 890
31 891
Idaho: Acquisition of territory of Oregon and Idaho by U.S.
31 892
Idaho: Boise Basin, by Annie Laurie Bird
31 893
Idaho: Boise, The Peace Valley, by Annie Laurie Bird
31 894
Idaho: Correspondence, Miscellaneous
31 895
Idaho: Correspondence with Idaho State Historical Society
31 896
Idaho: Correspondence with Idaho State Historical Society
31 897
Idaho: Maps (I)
31 898
Idaho: Maps (II)
31 899
Idaho: Name
31 900
31 901
Ivory Statuettes, Japanese
31 902
Jack, Sailor (Astorian)
31 903
Jackson's Little Hole
31 904
Jacobs, Melvin C. Winning Oregon
31 905
Jacobs, Melvin C. Winning Oregon: Correspondence
31 906
James, Thomas. Three Years Among Indians and Mexicans
31 907
31 908
Japanese / American friendship: Correspondence
31 909
Jewitt, John R.
31 910
Johnson, Neil: Diary excerpts, 1850
31 911
Johnson, William (Portland settler): Research correspondence
31 912
Johnson: Early settlers by that name
31 913
Johnstown Flood (1889)
31 914
Joseph, Chief
31 915
Kal-la-poo-yah Indians
31 916
Kane, Paul, Artist (I)
31 917
Kane, Paul, Artist (I)
31 918
Kautz, August V. Diary of Mullan Road (1860)
31 919
Kelley, Hall J.
See also Map folder 1316.
31 920
Kelley Point
31 921
Kimberland, Bill
31 922
Kipling, Rudyard
31 923
Kipling, Rudyard. Biography
31 924
Koaster, Johann (Jo Ashton)
31 925
Ko-come-ne-peca (Kootenai woman): Research correspondence
Correspondents include O.B. Sperlin.
31 926
Ko-come-ne-peca (The Kootenay Letter carrier)
31 927
Ko-come-ne-peca. Statements by early travelers
31 928
Ko-come-ne-peca (in Franchere)
31 929
Konapee: Research correspondence
31 930
Konapee: Notes
31 931
La Bonte, Louis, Astorian
31 932
Lafayette-Neilson letters
31 933
Laframboise, Michel
31 934
La Gasse, Charles
31 935
LaGrande, Oregon: Correspondence
1925 1933
31 936
Lake View and Lake County, Oregon (Fire, 1894)
31 937
Lancaster, Samuel
31 938
Laliberte / Liberty family: Correspondence
Correspondents include John Porter Graham
31 939
Lapie map (French)
See also Map folder 1318.
31 940
Larocque, F. A.
31 941
Larocque, Joseph
31 942
LaValle expedition / Yoncalla, Oregon: Correspondence
31 943
LaValle expedition: Notes and reprints
Reputed overland journey of a shipwrecked party led by Baptiste LaVall(e) from Oregon to Louisiana, 1809; and Henry R. Schoolcraft's interest in their reports of Indian mounds.
32 944
Le Blanc
32 945
Ledyard, John
32 946
Lee and Frost. Ten Years in Oregon
32 947
Leonard, Zenas
32 948
Letters, Postage
32 949
Leuders Bay
32 950
Lewis, James (I, James Lewis)
32 951
Lewis, Samuel
32 952
32 953
Linnton (Springville), Oregon
32 954
Lisa, Manuel
32 955
Lolo Pass / John Mullan
32 956
Lolo Trail
32 957
Lolo Trail / Dr. John Evans
32 958
Long, Stephen H.
32 959
Longview, Washington: Correspondence
32 960
Lucier, Etienne
32 961
Mackenzie, Alexander, Sir
See also Map folder 1321.
32 962
Malheur River, Oregon
32 963
Manby, Thomas
32 964
Manson, Donald
32 965
Manzanita Beach, Oregon
32 966
Mapmaking. National Geographic (The Story of the Map)
32 967
Marion County, Oregon
32 968
Masson, L.R. Les Bourgeois
32 969
Matthieu, F.X.
32 970
McAllister, James J. (Boise, Idaho)
32 971
McClellan, George B. (at the Cascades of the Columbia)
See also Map folder 1322.
32 972
McDonald, Archibald
32 973
McDonald, Ranald
32 974
McDougall, James
32 975
McKay, Alexander
32 976
McKay, Charles.
32 977
McKay, Jean Baptiste Desportes
32 978
McKenzie, Donald
32 979
McLennan, Donald
32 980
McLeod, Alexander
32 981
Meares, John
32 982
Meek, Joseph
32 983
Meek, Stephen
32 984
Meek Cut-Off
32 985
Meek Cut-Off: Correspondence
Correspondents include Lawrence A. McNary.
32 986
Melish Map of 1818
See also Map folder 1323.
32 987
Minto, John. 1844 Reminiscences
32 988
Missouri River
32 989
Moccasins, Indian
32 990
Modoc War
32 991
Montour, Nicholas
32 992
Montana: General and miscellaneous correspondence
32 993
32 994
Moore, Robert
32 995
Moscow, Idaho
See also Map folder 1334.
32 996
Mount Baker
32 997
Mount Hood
32 998
Mount Rainier
32 999
Mount St. Helens
32 1000
32 1001
Mulpah River
32 1002
Multnomah (Name)
32 1003
Multnomah. "The Last of the Multnomahs" (Script)
32 1004
Mural Paintings at the Oregon Capitol Building. Controversy
33 1005
Naches Pass Highway-Naches Pass Road (Washington) (3 booklets)
33 1006
Nampa Image (Clay figure found in well in Nampa, Idaho, 1889)
33 1007
Negroes in Oregon
33 1008
Newell, Robert, Dr.
33 1009
Nez Perce Indians
33 1010
Noises in the Rocky Mountains
33 1011
Nuttall, Thomas. Includes "Thomas Nuttall's Homeward Journey" by John Neilson Barry
33 1012
North Dakota including notes regarding Colter map and Lewis and Clark map
33 1013
Northwest Boundary
33 1014
Okanagan Valley carved by glacial ice
33 1015
O'Neal, James A.
33 1016
Oregon: General and miscellaneous correspondence
33 1017
Oregon: How Oregon Took Shape, Her Story in Maps
33 1018
Oregon: The Mysterious Name Oregon by John Neilson Barry
33 1019
Oregon: Origin of name: Correspondence
See also Map folder 1324
33 1020
Oregon Archives. Photostat copies of public documents
33 1021
Oregon Guide (WPA)
33 1022
Oregon Guide (WPA): Correspondence
1936 1941
33 1023
Oregon localities: Correspondence
33 1024
Oregon Historical Quarterly Index by John Neilson Barry
33 1025
Oregon City. History, notes, maps
33 1026
Oregon Country, Early Days in (clippings)
33 1027
Oregon Literary Map
33 1028
Ough, Richard
33 1029
Pacific Northwest History Conference: 1st: Proceedings
33 1030
Pacific Northwest History Conference: 2nd: Proceedings
33 1031
Pacific Northwest History Conference: 3rd: Program
33 1032
Pacific Northwest History Conference: 4th: Minutes
33 1033
Pacific Northwest History Conference: 5th: Minutes
33 1034
Pacific Railroad Survey Vol VI: Notes (Williamson, Abbot, Sheridan in Oregon)
33 1035
Pageants and Programs (General guidelines)
33 1036
Palouse Indians: Research correspondence, and Notes
33 1037
Palmer, Joel
33 1038
Parker, Samuel
33 1039
Parkman, Francis (Reprint from the Wisconsin Magazine of History)
33 1040
Paulina, Chief
33 1041
Payette, Francois
33 1042
Peoria Party
33 1043
Peters, Henry H. Journal 1850
33 1044
Petitions to Congress (from Oregon)
33 1045
Picketing of Portland Theaters by Union
33 1046
Pickett, Charles E
33 1047
Pictographs, Indian: Correspondence
33 1048
Pictographs, Indian: Notes (Photos)
33 1049
Pierre, Old, the Iroquois
33 1050
Pierre's Hole, Battle of
33 1051
Pillar Rock, Near Astoria
33 1052
Pike, Zebulon. Maps and notes
33 1053
Pinch, Jeremy: Research correspondence
33 1054
Pinch, Jeremy: Article by T. C. Elliott
33 1055
Pinch, Jeremy: Notes, chronology, etc.
34 1056
Pioneer Association index and notes
34 1057
Pioneers, Classes of settlers
34 1058
Pioneers, Barlow Monument
34 1059
Pipes (Tobacco; personal)
34 1060
Porter, Kenneth W. John Jacob Astor, Businessman. Notes and annotations
34 1061
Portland: Correspondence
34 1062
Portland: Canyon Road and other roads
34 1063
Portland: Council Crest
34 1064
Portland: Elk Point
34 1065
Portland: Miscellaneous brochures, etc.
34 1066
Portneuf, Joseph
34 1067
Pritchard, John. "Lost on the Prairies", 1805
34 1068
Protestant ministers and Lay missionaries in the Oregon County (compilation)
34 1069
Pudding River
34 1070
Puget Island
34 1071
Putnam, Charles and Nathan
34 1072
Ramsay men (Shipwrecked sailor; Redheaded Indian; Jack Ramsay)
34 1073
Rector, William Henry
34 1074
Rector's map, 1818, based upon Lewis and Clark's map
34 1075
Red Pioneers by Jacob Calvin Cooper. Book Review
34 1076
Red River emigrants
34 1077
Religious Observances in Early Oregon
34 1078
Revere, Paul
34 1079
Revolutionary veterans
34 1080
Rickreall Creek (origin of name)
34 1081
Rivet, Francois
34 1082
Roberts, George B. / Sauvie Island
34 1083
Robinson, Edward
34 1084
Rogers, Cornelius. Estate
34 1085
Rogers, Robert: Research correspondence
34 1086
Rooster Rock
34 1087
Rooster Rock / Phallic worship: Correspondence
34 1088
Ross, Alexander: Research correspondence
34 1089
Ross, Alexander: Canoe race
34 1090
Ross Alexander. Fur Hunters of the Far West. Abstract
34 1091
Ross Map
See also Map folder 1325
34 1092
Rush, Richard (in London)
34 1093
Russell, Osborne. Journal of a Trapper
34 1094
Sage, Rufus B. "A Visitor to Oregon in 1842" by John Neilson Barry
34 1095
Sager children (Whitman massacre)
34 1096
Salem, Oregon. Land surveys
34 1097
Salem, Oregon. Notes on talk by John Neilson Barry
34 1098
Salem Shrine
34 1099
Salmon River, Idaho
34 1100
Sand Island
34 1101
Sandwich Islands
34 1102
Sandwich Islanders
34 1103
Sanitariums and Springs
34 1104
San Juan Island in the Civil War
34 1105
Sandy River region
34 1106
Schafer, Joseph. Notes on his course on Pacific Northwest history
34 1107
Schoolcraft. Notes from his works
34 1108
Scientists in the Oregon country
34 1109
Scott, Harvey. Article concerning
34 1110
Seaside, Oregon
34 1111
Sha Hap Tian
34 1112
Sheridan, Philip H.
34 1113
Sheridan, Philip H. / Blockhouse, Newport, Oregon: Correspondence
34 1114
Sheridan, Philip H. / Blockhouse, Newport, Oregon: Notes
35 1115
Ships: Astoria arrivals and departures, 1850 (H.C. Leonard journal)
35 1116
Ships: British Navigators on the Northwest Coast
35 1117
Ships: Brother Jonathan
35 1118
Ships: Columbia (Oregon Historical Quarterly articles)
35 1119
Ships: List of Ships at Columbia River from 1775
35 1120
Ships: Vessels at the Columbia River 1775-1814: Appendix
35 1121
Ships: Vessels on or near Columbia River, 1775-1814
35 1122
Ships: The Jennie, 1792
35 1123
Ships: Lausanne
35 1124
Ships: Wreck of Lupatia
35 1125
Ships: Vessels on the Northwest Coast 1543-1811 (3 parts)
35 1126
Ships: Notes on ships in Northwest waters
35 1127
Ships: Miscellaneous Articles and Clippings
35 1128
Ships: Steamboats and Steam Vessels, including War of 1878
35 1129
Ships: Steamboat Shoshone
35 1130
Ships: Wreck near Florence, Oregon
35 1131
Shoshone Indians and Vocabulary
35 1132
Simpson, Sir George. Journal,letters, etc.
35 1133
Simpson, Port. British Columbia
35 1134
Sinclair party 1854
35 1135
Skam Naugh River (Later called Boise)
35 1136
Skinner, Edward Hayes ("A Few Came Home With Gold")
35 1137
Slacum, William A.
35 1138
35 1139
Smith, Celiast
35 1140
Smith, Jedediah
35 1141
Smith, Willard
35 1142
Smith, Silas B.
35 1143
Smith, Silas B.: John Neilson Barry correspondence with Eathel Abbey Moore
35 1144
Smith, Solomon H.
35 1145
Snake River murders, from Ogden journals
35 1146
Spain on Northwest coast: Explorations and Nootka controversy
35 1147
Spanish in Oregon: Tree markings: Correspondence
Correspondents include R.S. Shelley
35 1148
Spanish north of New Mexico / Father Escalante: Correspondence
Correspondents include William S. Wallace
35 1149
Star of Oregon (Vessel, 1841-1842)
35 1150
Strawberry Island
35 1151
Stuart, Captain
35 1152
Sutter ("The Days of 49," by Blaise Cendrars)
35 1153
Swan, James G.
35 1154
Sylvester, Avery, Captain
35 1155
Talbot, Theodore
35 1156
Thornton, J. Quinn
35 1157
Thwaites, Early Western Travels, Index
35 1158
Tillamook Indians / Ellen Center: Correspondence with Ellen Center
Twenty-one letters from Ellen Center, a Tillamook Indian of Garibaldi, Oregon, to historian J. Neilson Barry, several of which (1930-1933) recount Tillamook traditions of 18th and 19th Century shipwrecks and discuss the ancestry and descendants of Center's grandfather, Chief Kilchis, and speculation about his possible descent from a non-Indian ancestor. Later correspondence between Barry and Center relates to Barry's attempts to secure settlement of Tillamook claims against the federal government. The file also includes Barry's correspondence with federal and local officials on Center's behalf, and his letters (1933) to Franz Boas about the Tillamooks.
35 1159
Tillamook Indians / Chief Kilchis: Research correspondence
35 1160
Tobacco in Fur Trade
35 1161
Tobacco, Pipes of, Indian
35 1162
Toby, Old (Guide for Lewis and Clark)
35 1163
Tod, John (Hudson's Bay Company)
35 1164
Tolmie, W. F., Dr.
35 1165
Tomahawk Island
35 1166
Tongue Point
35 1167
Townsend, J.K.: Narrative
35 1168
Townsend, J.K.: Research correspondence
35 1169
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Blue Mountains
35 1170
Trails, Roads, and Routes: California to Oregon
35 1171
Trails, Roads, and Routes: via Montana
35 1172
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Over the Cascades and through Oregon
35 1173
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Pony Express
35 1174
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Southern Route, Oregon Trail
35 1175
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Umpqua Route
35 1176
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Wallowa Routes
35 1177
Trails, Roads, and Routes: Willamette Valley to Clatsop Plains
35 1178
Transportation: Clippings and notes, Miscellaneous
35 1179
Transportation: Routes: Bridges
35 1180
Transportation: Routes: Ferry
35 1181
Transportation: Railroads
35 1182
Transportation: Stage Coach
35 1183
Tryon family
35 1184
Twiss, Travers, Sir. The Oregon Territory, Its History and Discovery, 1846 (Table of contents)
35 1185
Underwood, Amos
35 1186
Utah Historical Quarterly
35 1187
Vale, Oregon
35 1188
Vancover Pagent
35 1189
Venereal Disease / Oregon Indians
35 1190
Verne or Venier, husband of Marie Dorion
35 1191
La Vérendrye
35 1192
Vermont: Boundaries: Correspondence
35 1193
Vermont: Origin of name: Correspondence
35 1194
Victor, Francis Fuller
35 1195
Victor, F. F. "River of the West"
35 1196
Villard, Henry
35 1197
35 1198
Visitors, American, to Oregon (list)
35 1199
Visitors, British, to Oregon (list)
35 1200
Visitors, to Oregon country (list)
35 1201
Vocabularies of Indian Tribes
35 1202
Voyages, Early, to Oregon, 1790-1816 (Article offprints)
36 1203
Wagner, Henry R. The Cartography of the Northwest Coast. Notes
36 1204
Wagner, Henry R. Spanish Voyages to the Northwest Coast. Notes
36 1205
Wagner, J., early trapper
36 1206
Wagons in Oregon country
36 1207
Wai-I-Lat-Pu An
36 1208
Walker, Joseph R.
36 1209
Walker, Mrs. Elkanah
36 1210
Walla Walla / Fort and vicinity: Research correspondence
36 1211
Walla Walla vicinity. Surveys, boundaries
See also Map folder 1331.
36 1212
Wallowa region
36 1213
Wallowa region: Correspondence (Mount Bonneville, Chief Joseph Mountain, (Mount Howard)
Correspondents include J.H. Horner.
36 1214
Wallowa region: Historical pageant
36 1215
Wapinitia, Oregon, natural curiosity: Correspondence
36 1216
Ward Massacre
36 1217
Warre and Vavasour
36 1218
Warrior Rock (Sauvie Island)
36 1219
Washington State Historical Parks; Fort Columbia dedication
36 1220
Washington Territorial Centennial; Washington maps
36 1221
Washougal, Washington
36 1222
Washougal, Washington: Correspondence
Correspondents include Isabel Ernie
36 1223
Weather Bureau reports, Oregon
36 1224
Weather history, Oregon country (Floods)
36 1225
Weiser River, Idaho (Origin of name)
36 1226
36 1227
West, George Miller
36 1228
West Orange, New Jersey. Psychological Experiment
36 1229
Wheatland, Yamhill County, Oregon, 1866
36 1230
White, Elijah, Dr. Ten Years in Oregon 1848
36 1231
White men's children in the Oregon country
36 1232
White women in the Oregon country
36 1233
Whitman, Marcus: Controversies: Correspondence
36 1234
Whitman, Marcus: Notes
36 1235
Whitman, Narcissa: Journal, 1836
36 1236
Whitman memorial
36 1237
Wilkes Expedition at the Columbia River, 1841
See also Map folder 1332.
36 1238
Wilkes Expedition: Correspondence
36 1239
Willamette (Origin of name): Correspondence
36 1240
Willamette River: Correspondence
36 1241
Willamette River: Notes
36 1242
Willamette Stone
36 1243
Willamette University / Wallace Prairie, by Gustavus Hines
36 1244
Fort William and Warrior Rock: Correspondence
Correspondents include John W. Rowland and residents of Sauvie Island.
36 1245
Fort William and Warrior Rock: Notes
36 1246
Wilson the gunner
36 1247
Wiser, Peter
36 1248
Winthrop, Theodore
36 1249
Wislizenus, F. A., Dr. A Journey to the Rocky Mountains
36 1250
Wishram Village
36 1251
Woody Island
36 1252
Works Progress Administration: Historical Records Survey: Correspondence
36 1253
Wyeth, Nathaniel J.: Research correspondence
36 1254
Wyeth, Nathaniel J.: Notes
See also Map folder 1333
36 1255
Wyoming: Miscellaneous correspondence
36 1256
Wyoming: Buffalo Bill Country maps by John Neilson Barry
36 1257
Wyoming: Geology and paleontology: Correspondence
36 1258
Wyoming. Printed materials, Booklets
37 1259
37 1260
Yac-O-Nan Indians
37 1261
Yakima country
37 1262
Yakima Valley archeology
37 1263
Yellowstone National Park
37 1264
Young, Ewing. Monument
37 1265
Young, Ewing. Estate
37 1266
Young, Ewing. Estate, persons mentioned
37 1267
Young, Ewing. Estate

4:  MapsReturn to Top

J. Neilson Barry's large maps are divided into two subgroups: those maps that were removed from the collection and integrated into the department's general map collection, and those that have remained with the manuscript collection. Maps in the former category include published maps of national forests in the West (mainly Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana), USGS topographical maps, river and shoreline surveys, and reproductions of explorers' maps (both facsimiles and photostats). Most of those maps are now located in the Special Collections Department. The national forest and topographical maps were integrated into the department's general holdings of such maps and have not been separately enumerated.

The maps that remain a part of the manuscript collection are listed below, arranged according to the Research file to which they correspond. They consist chiefly of photostats of portions of explorers' maps, often annotated by Barry with modern names of geographical features and other notes; published maps he also annotated; and hand-drawn maps by made by Barry himself, sometimes to illustrate his articles. Barry obtained most of the facsimiles and photostats in the 1930s and 40s, long before many of them were readily available in secondary works. In many cases, Barry's photostats are larger than their counterparts in the subsequently-published atlases, and are thus much easier to read. Maps that have been reproduced in Carl Wheat's Mapping the Transmississippi West (1957-1963) and Gary Moulton's Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983) have been so noted. With each folder description, references are made to corresponding folders in Barry's Research files, where fuller information can often be found concerning the nature and context of his research in these areas.

Container(s) Description
Arrowsmith maps (Cf. Folder 732)
Photostats of the western portions of the Arrowsmith 1802 and 1833 maps of North America. One sheet each. The 1833 map was at some later time annotated with the names of forts and trading posts.
Astoria: Wilson Price Hunt Route (Cf. File 4)
Hand-drawn map by John Neilson Barry tracing Hunt's route from the Missouri River (north fork) to Wind River, Wyoming. Published map of Targhee National Forest (1922) annotated with highlights on geographic features pertaining to Hunt's route through the Tetons.
Boise, Old Fort, and Reed Fort Locations (Cf. File 11)
Photostats of Land Office survey maps (1868, 1876, 1878, and undated) of townships in the vicinity of the mouth of the Boise River. Enlargement (photostat) of small portion of David Thompson's strip map in the British Museum (ca. 1818) marking Squaw Butte and Reid's Fort and noting his encounter with Snake Indians there. See also Folder 1327, David Thompson.
Bonneville, Capt. (Cf. File 12)
Photostat of a portion of a late 19th-century map of the U.S. that had been annotated with notes concerning Bonneville's travels.
Canada: Hudson's Bay Company (Cf. File 15)
Photostats of 17 maps and plats from the National Archives originally gathered in evidence by the "British and American Joint Commission on the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Company's Claim, under the treaty of July 1, 1863." Includes depictions of Fort Vancouver and vicinity, mouth of the Columbia River, Nisqualli, and Cowlitz farm. Provided to Barry and annotated by Hunter Miller: Hudson's Bay Company maps no. 1, 2 U.S. Maps and Plats no. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 Puget's Sound Company maps no. 1, 2, 3, 4 Photostats of two maps from the National Archives prepared to illustrate Hudson's Bay Company land claims at Colvile, Washington Territory, under the treaty of 1846.
Champoeg (Cf. File 18)
"Proposed Design for Champoeg Memorial Park" (blueprint) Three surveys of Champoeg State Park
Colter, John (Cf. Files 23-25)
One hand-drawn map prepared by Barry
Columbia River: Lt. Broughton (Cf. File 26 and 28)
Photostat on two sheets of "A Sketch of the River Columbia" (1792) by Broughton, from its mouth to Point Vancouver, with one-sheet enlargement. Three hand-drawn maps by Barry.
Columbia River (Cf. File 28)
Hand-drawn map, "The First Explorers on the Columbia River." Reduced photocopy is in Box 16, 289. Photostat of township plat made by Surveyor General of Washington Territory for Township 2 North Range 7 East (1860), along the Columbia River at the Cascades.
Cox, Ross (Cf. File 33)
20th century plat map of a small area along the Spokane River, annotated by Barry and titled "Ross Cox Wandering".
Day, John (Cf. File 34)
Photostats of a portion of William Kittson's map (1825) depicting the Snake River Plain in Idaho and identifying Day's River. The map is no. 362 in Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West.
De Smet, Father (Cf. Folder 817)
U.S. Forest Service map of Targhee National Forest (1944) annotated by Barry with notes concerning "Father De Smet's Journey".
Fidler, Peter (Cf. Folder 834)
Enlarged photostat of portion of Fidler map (1792) depicting fur trading areas between the Saskatchewan River and Rocky Mountains.
Heceta, Captain Bruno (Cf. File 43)
2 hand-drawn maps by John Neilson Barry on 1 sheet: "Modern map reduced from charts 6151-6152 "U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey with Low Island and Sand Banks Omitted" and "Chart of 1775 by Bruno Heceta / the Modern names are added by J. Neilson Barry." Much reduced versions were published with Barry's article, "Who Discovered the Columbia River," in Oregon Historical Quarterly, v. 39 (1938) facing page 158. A photostat of Heceta's 1775 chart of the mouth of the Columbia River ("Plano de la Bahia de la Asumpcion...") was moved to the Special Collections map collection.
Humboldt, Alexander von
Photostats on two sheets of portions of Humboldt's "Carte Generale du Royaume de la Nouvelle Espagne" (1804) depicting the present-day Southwestern U.S. Full map published in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West as map 272.
Kelley, Hall J. (Cf. Folder 919)
Photostat of Kelley's map of "Territory of Oregon" based on his explorations, 1834-1835. Published in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmissippi West as map 444.
La Hontan, Baron (Cf. File 45)
Photostats of La Hontan maps of Riviere Longue (published in Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West as map 87) and New France. Township plat of Big Stone County, Minnesota (1947)
Lapie map (French) (Cf. Folder 939)
Photostats of portions of Lapie's map (1821) depicting the Western U.S. and tracing the overland route of the Astorians. Includes the exaggerated Moltnomah (Willamette) River. Two copies, both annotated by Barry, denoting sites associated with the Astorians. Published in Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, as map 342.
Lee, Jason: Old Methodist Mission (Cf. File 47)
Photostats of both the deed and the mortgage (1844) transferring the mission farm site from the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church to the Oregon Institute (Alanson Beers, trustee). No maps.
Lewis and Clark expedition (Cf. Files 48-57)
Photostats of 3 maps (4 sheets), part of a set acquired by the Library of Congress in 1925 from the Office of Indian Affairs, and once owned by Clark: Undated ms. map of Mississippi River, from Red River to Rock River Untitled ms. map with French legends of western U.S. (ca. 1797), listed in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, no. 243 Map made by Nicholas King, War Department copyist (1803), carried on the expedition and annotated by Lewis, labeled by Barry "Clark's 2nd map." On two sheets. Published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), map 2.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Photostats of maps made by Clark, from the images published in Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, ed. by Reuben Gold Thwaites (1905). Enlarged and often clearer to read than those published in Thwaites: Sketch-map of the Multnomah River. Two copies, one annotated by Barry. Enlarged photostats of map published in Thwaites, v. 4, following p. 242. Very similar but not exactly the same as the map published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), v. 7, page 63. Sketch-map given by an Indian at the Falls of the Columbia showing the Columbia and Snake River systems above the Falls. Annotated by Barry. Enlarged photostat of map published in Thwaites, v. 4, following p. 308. Also published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), v. 7, page 50 Map from information given by Chopunmish Indians. Two copies, one annotated by Barry. Enlarged photostats of map published in Thwaites, v. 5 frontispiece. Also published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1983), vol. 7, pp. 316-317, and in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West (1957-1963) as map 280 Sketch given by Indians, April 18, 1806...showing the basin of Lewis's [Snake] River. Annotated by Barry. Photostat of Map 40 in Thwaites, v. 8. Also published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), map 96 Sketch map given by Cutnose, etc., May 18, 1806, showing Indian trails over the continental divide. Photostat of Map 41 in Thwaites, v. 8 Sketch by Hohastillpilp, May 29, 1806, showing Indian trails over the continental divide. Photostat of map 42 in Thwaites, v. 8. Sketch obtained from Indians at Flathead River camp. Two copies, both annotated by Barry. Photostats of Map 43 in Thwaites, v. 8. Also published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), map 101. Indian sketch-map of the Lewis [Snake] River system, showing trails and Indian villages. Two copies, both annotated by Barry. Photostats of Map 44 in Thwaites, v. 8. Also published in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition (1983), map 100.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Photostat of "A Map of part of the Continent of North America..." compiled by Nicholas King (1806) from National Archives, Records of Department of War. 4 sheets. Plus second positive copy of portion depicting the Pacific Northwest. Map 284 in Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West; Map 123 in Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Photostat of George Drouillard's sketch-map of the upper Yellowstone country (1808), from the Library of Congress. Referred to as "Drouillard 1" (no. 289) in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West. The notation "the road to the Spanish settlements" engendered some speculation of the existence of Spanish posts north of New Mexico (cf. Folder 1148).
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Photostat of George Drouillard's ms. map of the middle Yellowstone and Bighorn country, from the Missouri Historical Society. Referred to as "Drouillard 2" (no. 290) in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West and published in v. 2 opposite p. 56, though it is incorrectly captioned as no. 289. Together with Photostat of "Notes" about the map.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Reproductions of "A Map of Lewis and Clark's Track, Across the Western Portion of North America...Copied by Samuel Lewis from the Original Drawing of Wm. Clark" (1814); known as the American etching. 2 clean copies; 5 enlargements of portion covering eastern Idaho, Yellowstone, and Wyoming, with some annotations. Published in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West as map 316; in Gary Moulton, Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition as map 126.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Photostats of English and Irish etchings of the above; with enlargement of a portion of the English etching centering on the Yellowstone region. 3 sheets.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Large-scale hand-drawn map by Barry of Cape Disappointment, noting modern features and places associated with Clark. USGS topographic maps for Helena, Fort Logan, Dillon, Three Forks, and Livingston, Montana, annotated by Barry.
Mackenzie, Alexander (Cf. Folder 961)
Photostat of "A Map of America...exhibiting Mackenzie's track from Montreal to Fort Chipewyan & from thence to the North Sea in 1789 and to the West Pacific Ocean in 1793". 2 enlargements of portions of the map focusing on the Northwest coast.
McClellan, George (Cf. Folder 971)
Untitled and undated map prepared by the Historical Section of the Army War College tracing the routes of George B. McClellan and others through Washington during the explorations for potential routes for a Pacific railroad, 1853-1855.
Melish map (Cf. File 986)
Photostat of a portion of the John Melish map of 1818 depicting western North America; with 2 copies of an enlargement of the area west of the Rocky Mountains, both annotated by Barry. Oregon: Origin of Name (Cf. File 1019)
Published color reproduction made in 1938 of "Sketch of the Fort at Michilimackinac" (the Magra map), with Barry's annotation, "Birthplace of the name 'Oregon'".
Ross, Alexander (Cf. Folder 1091)
Photostats (9 sheets) of Alexander Ross's hand-drawn map (1821) of the Columbia River watershed in the British Museum (Additional MS 31358 B). Also published in reduced size (as map 345) in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West. Enlargement of that portion of the map depicting the inland Northwest centering on the Spokane region, annotated by Barry; enlargement of that portion of the map depicting southern Idaho, also annotated by Barry.
Spokane House, Location of (Cf. File 73)
4 survey maps from the 1940s, made by the Spokane County engineer, of the vicinity of the Spokane House.
Thompson, David (Cf. Files 74-76)
Photostat (of poor quality) of a portion of Thompson's ms. map, "The Oregon Territory" (ca. 1818) in the British Museum, covering Idaho north of the Weiser River, heavily annotated by Barry. Full map published in much reduced size in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, as no. 329. Photostat of a portion of Thompson's strip map (ca. 1818) in the British Museum, covering the Snake River Plain in Idaho, with Thompson's own annotation about his encounter with Snake Indians at Reid's Fort. 2 copies, each annotated differently by Barry. Full map published, in much reduced size, in Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, as no. 330. Hand-drawn maps and charts by Barry tracing Thompson's route to Astoria, 1811, compiled in notebook form. Hand-drawn maps and charts by Barry tracing Thompson's route from Astoria, 1811, compiled in notebook form.
Townships: Coast Region (Cf. File 79)
Photostat of "Plan of the Town of Astoria, Oregon Ty" (Map W 38(A)) obtained from the National Archives, Records of War Dept., Office of Chief of Engineers. Undated. On 2 sheets.
Townships: Willamette (Cf. File 82)
Photostats of early township plats made by the Surveyor General of Oregon, with names of property owners. 12 sheets:
  • Township 3 South, Range 1 West (1852)
  • Township 3 South, Range 2 West (1852, 1860)
  • Township 4 South, Range 1 West (1852)
  • Township 4 South, Range 2 West (1852, 1864)
  • Township 5 South, Range 3 West (1852, 1860)
  • Township 6 South, Range 3 West (1852, 1864)
  • Township 7 South, Range 3 West (1852, 1861)
Hand-drawn chart by Barry of mouth of Willamette and vicinity of present-day Portland.
Vancouver, Captain George (Cf. File 88)
Enlarged photostats (negative and positive) of Plate 6 in Vancouver's Voyage of Discovery... (1798) which includes a sketch of the entrance of the Columbia River. Enlarged Photostat of a small portion of Plate 3 mapping the Columbia River as far as "P. Vancouver".
Walla Walla / Fort and vicinity (Cf. Folders 1210-1211)
Undated plat entitled "Map of Wallula City / Old Fort Walla Walla" showing streets and lots.
Wilkes Expedition (Cf. Folders 1237-1238)
Photostats of portions of maps from the United States Exploring Expedition depicting the Columbia and Willamette rivers (1841). Seven sheets. See Checklist of Maps of Western Exploration for Wilkes' "Map of the Oregon Territory by the U.S. Ex. Ex." (1841).
Wyeth, Nathaniel (Cf. Folders 1253-1254)
Published map, "Cambridge Vicinity in Revolutionary Times..." by Samuel F. Batchelder (1925) annotated by Barry to show Nathaniel Wyeth's birthplace and the Wyeth homestead.
Other maps
Ms. map, "Sketch Map of Kootenai and Clarks Fork Rivers Watershed" (1943) by Ira C. Miller, County Surveyor, Libby, Montana, locating early missions and fur-trading posts. Hand-drawn, colored map of Pacific Northwest and British Columbia made by Barry identifying coastal points, principal rivers, and trading posts. Photostats of township plats made by the Surveyor General of Idaho Territory for Township 39 North, Range 5 West (1871) and Township 39 North, Range 6 West (1873), both the vicinity of present-day Moscow, Idaho. Photostat of "Reconnaissance of Bellingham Bay, Washington Ter. by the Hydrographic party under the command of Lieut. Comdg. J. Alden..." published by U.S. Coast Survey (1856). Blueprint map (1938) identified as coming from the Public Survey Office, Boise, Idaho, showing section lines and streams on south side of Snake River in Townships 4 and 5 South, Range 33 east (vicinity of old Fort Hall), identifying the site of Fort Hall. Affixed is a smaller blueprint map from U.S. Reclamation Service (1926) entitled "American Falls Reservoir / Old Fort Hall Mounument..." Barry inexplicably annotated the large map "Fort Boise." Photostat, "Map of the Northern Part of the State of Maine and of the adjacent British Provinces, Showing the portion of that State to which Great Britain lays claim" (1830). From American State Papers, Foreign Relations, 1826-28, 2nd series, Vol 6 (1859), facing page 821. Pencil sketch of a bell tower (lighthouse?) located on a point of land, with a boat house in a forested cove. Paper is embossed with seal of Keuffel & Esser, New York. Stuyvesant School, Warrenton, Virginia, in the Heart of the Fox-Hunting Country of the Old Dominion. Pictorial map of Northern Virginia, between the Blue Ridge and the Potomac, centering on Warrenton.