Arthur Earl Victor Papers, 1927-1944  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Victor, Arthur Earl
Title
Arthur Earl Victor Papers
Dates
1927-1944 (inclusive)
Quantity
4 Linear feet of shelf space, (8 Boxes)
Collection Number
Cage 376 (collection)
Summary
Correspondence, reports, memoranda, field diaries and notebooks, photographs and printed material regarding Civilian Conservation Corps activities (particularly in combating soil erosion) in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon.
Repository
Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections.
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Terrell Library Suite 12
Pullman WA
99164-5610
Telephone: 509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open and available for research use.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Arthur Earl Victor was born on March 30, 1900, in May View, Washington. He attended high school in Oregon and in Pullman, Washington. He served in the United States Navy from June 1918 to March 1919. Victor attended Oregon State College at Corvallis for a year after leaving the Navy. From June 1920 to March 1934 when he went to work for the Federal Government, Victor held a number of positions which primarily involved his skills with machinery and carpentry. From March to May 1934 Victor worked for the U.S. Geological Survey in Pullman; in May of that year he went to work for the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) as an engineer-foreman with duties as camp engineer in the first Soil Erosion 200-man Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp in the Pacific Northwest. Victor was in charge of developing methods of erosion control on gullies, developed springs, masonry dams, seeding, and sodding. He also developed work and cost reports and job training classes for foremen and enrollees. In June 1935 he was promoted to Assistant State Administrator of the CCC and in December of that year he was promoted again to Assistant Regional Administrator. In this position Victor assisted in the development of an organization to supervise 18 CCC camps in the three Northwest states. Victor was responsible for building construction, equipment, purchase, maintenance, and reports, and enrollee education and training. In June 1938 he was assigned to the Regional Information Division which focused his attention on training for foremen and enrollees. This position lasted for a little over a year and in November 1939 Victor returned to his administrative duties as Assistant Regional Administrator. During his tenure with the CCC, Victor traveled extensively giving educational presentations about soil erosion to farmers and CCC personnel. The documentation in the Victor papers ends in late 1942 at which time Victor was still with the Soil Conservation Service in his capacity as Assistant Regional Administrator.

Historical NoteReturn to Top

The Civilian Conservation Corp was created by an act approved by Congress on June 28, 1937, as amended, to succeed the Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) which was established by Executive order number 6101 of April 5, 1933. The CCC was reorganized and made a part of the Federal Security Agency as of July 1, 1939. In May 1940 the Corps began converting to defense work on military reservations and forest protection. The Labor-Federal Security Appropriation Act of 1943 provided for the liquidation of the CCC not later than June 30, 1943.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Arthur Earl Victor collection includes Civilian Conservation Corps material from 1927 through 1942, though the bulk of the material covers the period 1934 through 1942. The papers are arranged in five series: Correspondence; Subject File; Publications, Pamphlets, Reports and Guides; Notebooks; and Photographs and Slides.

The Correspondence series, covering 1934-1942 contains both incoming and outgoing correspondence from Victor and is primarily to and from his superiors in the Soil Conservation Service, particularly with his immediate supervisor, A.W. Middleton. This series also contains Victor's private correspondence with friends, his applications for promotion within the CCC, job records and descriptions, and income tax records.

The second series, the Subject File, was constructed by the processor from non-correspondence material in the accession. It contains material related to Victor's work with the CCC. Included in the Subject File are lessons and course material for training CCC enrollees, CCC newspapers and clippings, construction information for CCC buildings, soil erosion information, and vouchers detailing Victor's travels from 1936 through 1942.

The third series consists of publications, pamphlets, reports, and guides. The bulk of this material was published by the SCS, the CCC or other government agencies. Included in this series is an article by Victor for Northwest Science, 1935, titled: Some Effects of Cultivation Upon Stream History and Upon the Topography of the Palouse Region.

The fourth series, Notebooks, includes Victor's notebooks during his employment with the CCC: notebooks, 1935-1939; field diaries, 1937-1942; appointment books, 1934-1937; personnel notebooks for SCS, ECW, and CCC; equipment notebook, 1942; intra-office memo notebook, 1937; telegram book, 1935; time books, 1927 and 1942; lesson notes, 1934; travel expenses, 1937-1938; and general notebooks, undated.

The fifth series, Photographs and Slides, consists of about 1100 photographs and slides of CCC personnel, camps, equipment, work, and activities in the Pacific Northwest (Washington, Oregon, and Idaho).

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Copyright restrictions may apply.

Preferred Citation

[Item description]

Arthur Earl Victor Papers, 1927-1944 (Cage 376)

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Arrangement

The papers are arranged in five series. The first series, Correspondence, is arranged chronologically by year. The second series, the Subject File, is arranged alphabetically by subject.

Acquisition Information

The papers of Arthur Earl Victor (b. 1900) were donated to the Washington State University Libraries in July 1977, by Arthur Earl Victor (77-40).

Processing Note

The papers were arranged and described by Stephen E. Balzarini. The photographs were arranged by Dave Smested.

Related Materials

Arthur Earl Victor Papers, 1882-1986 (Cage 594)

Other CCC-related archival collections in MASC:

Jay Mark Gleason Papers, 1933-1942 (Cage 26)

Robert Wesley Carroll Papers, 1938-1972 (Cage 75)

George T. Spinning Papers, 1935-1938 (Cage 252)

Elmo Richardson Papers, 1930-2011 (Cage 582)

Stuart Wright Civilian Conservation Corps Scrapbooks, 1933-1936 (Cage 784)

Civilian Conservation Corps Newsletters, Co. 554, Genesee, ID, 1937, undated (Cage 4953)

Civilian Conservation Corps Company 1312, Moscow, ID Roster, 1934-1935 (Cage 4960)

Civilian Conservation Corps Ephemera Collection, 1935-1940 (Cage 4992)

Civilian Conservation Corps, Camp Willow Creek, Co. 2524 Papers, 1936-1937 (Cage 5022)

Civilian Conservation Corps Educational Program Literature Collection, 1935-1936 (Cage 5033)


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series 1: CorrespondenceReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
Correspondence
55 items
undated
1 2-9
Correspondence
415 items
1934-1942

Series 2: Subject FileReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 10
Camp buildings
2 items
1938
1 11
Certified lists--Washington, Oregon, and Idaho
8 items
1935
Course Material
Box Folder
1 12
Soil Conservation and Natural Resources
5 items
undated
1 13
SCS Lessons, Units 1-6
20 items
undated
Directories
Regional Office Personnel; Project and Camp Personnel; Washington D.C. Personnel
Box Folder
1 14
20 items
1937-1939
1 15
40 items
1938-1939
Box Folder
1 16
SCS, Pacific Coast Region
1 items
1944
Box Folder
1 17
ECW Personnel
20 items
undated
1 18
Educational Conference, CCC
1 items
Nov. 1-3 1939
1 19
Erosion talk--Northwest Scientific Association, Dec
15 items
1934
1 20
Essays on Soil Conservation by Lewis-Clark High School Students
25 items
1938
Film Strip Project
Box Folder
1 21
Correspondence
1 items
1941
1 22
Lessons (list of slides and text)
70 items
1938
Box Folder
1 23
Forms
3 items
1940
1 24
Gully Control
6 items
1934
1 25
Meteorology notes
25 items
1935
Newspapers
Box Folder
1 26
CCC Review
5 items
Oct-Dec 1935
1 27
Clippings
25 items
1934-1938
1 28
Clippings--CCC participation in winter of 1936
30 items
1936
1 29
Lewis-Clark Trail Blazer
10 items
Oct 1935-Nov 1936
1 30
Contributions to the Northwester (newsletter)
25 items
1 31
Northwester, Vol. 1, Nos. 4, 5; Vol. 2, Nos. 1-7, 12; Vol. 3, Nos. 1, 2, 5.
13 items
Nursery Buildings
Box Folder
1 32
Blueprints
25 items
1936
1 33
Correspondence with Consulting Architect
95 items
1936
Box Folder
1 34-36
Organizational Charts
20 items
1938; 1941
1 37
Sagehen Dam, Gem Co., Idaho, Plans and Specs.
1 items
1937
1 38
Side Camps, Notes on
7 items
1940-1941
2 39
Training Specifications, Committee on CCC
50 items
1941
2 40-41
Travel Vouchers
115 items
1936-1942
2 42
Washington D.C. Trip
40 items
Sept-Oct 1941
2 43
Work schedules
3 items
undated

Series 3 Publications, Pamphlets, Reports, and GuidesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
2 44
Farm Planning and Management Handbook
1 items
1941
2 45
Field Instructions, SCS, Region 11
1 items
1936
2 46
Instructions, CCC, 9th Corps Area
1 items
1935
2 47
Lord, Russell. "To Hold This Soil." SCS
1 items
1938
2 48
Pamphlets, Reports and Guides--SCS, CCC
20 items
2 49
Pamphlets
12 items
2 50
Victor, A.E. "Some Effects of Cultivation Upon Stream History." Northwest Science
1 items
1935

Series 4: NotebooksReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
2 51
Notebooks
12 items
1935-1939
2 52
Field Diaries
23 items
1937-1942
2 53
Appointment Books
4 items
1934-1937
2 54
Personnel Notebooks--SCS, EWC, CCC
2 items
2 55
CCC Equipment Notebook
1 items
1942
2 56
Intra-Office Memo Notebook
1 items
1937
2 57
Western Union Telegram Book
1 items
1935
2 58
Time Books
2 items
1927; 1942
2 59
Lesson Notes
1 items
1934
2 60
Traveling Expenses
5 items
1937-1938
2 61
General Notebooks
4 items
undated

Series 5: Photographs and SlidesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
3 62
Idaho, black and white photographs
5 items
3 63
Oregon, black and white photographs
16 items
3 64
Washington, black and white photographs
31 items
3 65
Aerial photographs, 8 x 10 black and white, taken Dale Sevarty, National Guard Pilot
37 items
1937-1938
3 66
Happy Canyon Dam, Oregon, black and white photographs (plus contact prints from nitrate 12-80)
69 items
1938
3 67
Equipment, black and white photographs
58 items
3 68
People (identified), black and white photographs
9 items
3 69
Unidentified, black and white
72 items
3 70
CCC Camps (Goldendale) and Soil Erosion, 35 mm negatives and unmounted transparencies (black and white)
120 items
3 71
Correspondence related to photographs
3 items
3 72
Photograph album of Soil Erosion Service, Project 6 (black and white photographs)
195 items
3 73
Description of slides in boxes 5-8
4 items
Panoramas and oversized photographs
Box Folder
4 74
Dayton Camp
1 items
1936
4 75
Educational Advisors Meeting, Ft. Wright
1 items
1938
4 76
Garfield Camp, Pomeroy, WA
1 items
1936
4 77
Genesee Camp
1 items
1936
4 78
McConnell Camp, Boise, Idaho
1 items
1939
4 79
Moscow Camp
1 items
undated
4 80
Moscow Camp
1 items
1936
4 81
Moscow Camp
1 items
1938
4 82
Moscow Camp
1 items
1938
4 83
Moscow Camp
1 items
1940
4 84
Sagehen Camp, Emmett, Idaho
1 items
undated
4 85
Walla Walla Camp
1 items
1936
35 mm slides (for index, see: Folder 73)
Box
5
Color slides of CCC related activities in the Pacific Northwest, taken by CCC photographer Mead
116 items
6
Color and black and white slides taken in Idaho
169 items
7
Color and black and white slides taken in Oregon
189 items
8
Color and black and white slides taken in Washington
168 items

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Soil conservation -- Northwest, Pacific

Personal Names

  • Victor, Arthur Earl -- Archives.

Corporate Names

  • United States. Soil Conservation Service
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- History -- Sources.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- Records and correspondence.