Thomas L. Greenough Ledgers, 1886-1901

Overview of the Collection

Greenough, Thomas L., 1851-1911
Thomas L. Greenough Ledgers
1886-1901 (inclusive)
5 ledgers
Collection Number
Mss 442 (collection)
Thomas Greenough was an early Montana businessman who settled in Missoula. The collection consists of five legers from his businesses around western Montana.
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 4062432053
Fax: 4062434067
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Thomas Lockman Greenough was born in Davis County, Iowa, in 1851. He was one of fourteen children born to Christian Greenough and Martha J. Lockman. The family farmed and raised stock in Iowa, Kansas, and Missouri. T.L. Greenough received his education in Kansas and Missouri where he learned stone masonry. After working on railroad masonry for a while, he became involved in mining interests in New Mexico and Colorado. He spent four years in the Black Hills of South Dakota where he married Tennie Epperson, a Tennessee native, in 1879. The Greenoughs had five children: Estella, Thomas L., Harry Paul, John Epperson and Ruth.

The Greenoughs left the Black Hills and came to Montana in 1882 and arrived in Miles City in March. In Montana, Greenough contracted and furnished ties for the building of the Northern Pacific Railroad. The Greenoughs traveled to Bozeman, Helena and Deer Lodge and arrived in Missoula in July 1882, which was shortly before the railroad tracks were laid there. After his arrival in Missoula, Greenough continued to work with the railroad and also became involved in the wood cutting industry. At the same time he took a bond and lease on the Morning Mine in Mullan, Idaho, which was later sold to the federal government for $3 million. He then became president of the Snowstorm Mining Company in the Coeur D'Alene mining district in Idaho. He kept other mining interests in Montana, Idaho and Arizona. Much of Greenough's business was conducted out of town. He was director of the Centennial Milling Company, the Old National Bank, the Old National Bank Building Company, the Union Trust and Savings Company, and the Cameron Lumber Company, all of which were in Spokane, Washington. Greenough's brothers, J.W., J.B. and Wilbur D., were also wealthy mining men and capitalists in Spokane.

Greenough had interest in banks in Montana, Idaho, and Washington. He was vice president of Missoula Trust and Savings and was on First National Bank's board of directors in Missoula. Prominent Missoula businessman Andrew B. Hammond, president of First National Bank, often worked with Greenough on his business interests, which included the building of the railroad through Missoula and into the Bitterroot Valley. When Montana became a state in 1889, Greenough was elected to serve on the first two state legislative sessions. He was a Republican.

Greenough also had many real estate interests in the city. Greenough built a mansion in Missoula along Rattlesnake Creek. He owned the land stretching from the home to the foot of Mt. Jumbo. Tennie Greenough donated some of their property along Rattlesnake Creek to the city in 1902 and it became Missoula's first city park. One year previous to his death, Greenough suffered from a serious case of pneumonia and grippe, from which he never really recovered. He died in a Spokane hospital on July 23, 1911.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection contains five ledgers dating between 1886 and 1901. The oldest ledger, dating from 1886 to 1889, is a 250-page credit ledger for T.L. Greenough's Supply Store, which furnished material for railroad construction along the line of the Northern Pacific Railroad. The supply store was probably located near the border of Idaho and Montana where Greenough was involved with his mining interests. The ledger lists the items purchased on individual and business accounts, which includes groceries, freight, and general merchandise. The last two pages were later used to record several religious articles and an editorial from The Missoula Sentinel newspaper in 1935. The ledger dating from July 1892 to March 1894 is a detailed 600-page accounting journal recorded by Greenough in Noxon, Montana. It includes business done with First National Bank and Missoula Mercantile. It also includes railroad tie contracts, groceries, wages paid and bills sent. The ledger dating from 1894 to 1896 is a 600-page accounting journal that includes details about Greenough's work with the railroad. Also recorded is business done with First National Bank and Missoula Mercantile. The journal includes expenses at the Greenough home and individual accounts. The last two ledgers are accounting journals for Greenough's mining partnership, Larson and Greenough, on the Morning and You Like mines near Mullan, Idaho. The 500-page ledger dates from 1897 to 1901. The 100-page ledger dates from November 1899 to May 1901.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Thomas L. Greenough Ledgers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Acquisition Information

Volumes 2 and 3 were donated by Mr. and Mrs. R.W. Lensman in 1990. Volumes 1, 4, and 5 were donated by LaVonne L. Olmstead in 1996.

Processing Note

The ledgers were originally divided into two collections. In 2002, they were combined into one collection when they were reprocessed, put into chronological order, and re-described.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
1 Credit ledger from T. L. Greenough's Supply Store 1886-1889
2 Accounting ledger from Noxon, Montana 1892-1894
3 Accounting ledger 1894-1896
4 Accounting ledger for Larson and Greenough 1897-1901
5 Accounting ledger for Larson and Greenough 1899-1901

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Banks and banking--Montana--Missoula
  • Commercial products--Montana
  • Freight and freightage--Montana
  • General stores--Montana
  • Groceries--Montana
  • Mines and mineral resources --Idaho
  • Mining corporations--Idaho
  • Railroads--Design and construction
  • Railroads--Montana
  • Wages--Railroads--Montana

Corporate Names

  • First National Bank of Missoula
  • Missoula Mercantile Company
  • Northern Pacific Railroad Company

Geographical Names

  • Montana--Religious life and customs
  • Morning Mine (Idaho)
  • You Like Mine (Idaho)

Form or Genre Terms

  • Contracts--Montana
  • Invoices
  • Ledgers (account books)--Montana


  • Businessmen--Idaho
  • Businessmen--Montana

Titles within the Collection

  • Missoula sentinel

Other Creators

  • Corporate Names
    • Larson and Greenough
    • T. L. Greenough's Supply Store