Francis S. and Patricia L. Landrum Collection, 1872-1986  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Landrum, Francis S.Landrum, Patricia L.
Title
Francis S. and Patricia L. Landrum Collection
Dates
1872-1986 (inclusive)
Quantity
15 linear feet, (15 boxes, 1 map case and 1 file cabinet)
Collection Number
SHL016
Summary
The collection focuses on Modoc Indians and the Modoc War of 1872-1873, John Charles Frémont's Second and Third Expeditions to the American West, and U.S. Supreme Court litigation between California and Nevada about a boundary dispute. Francis S. “Van” Landrum was a businessman, registered engineer and land surveyor in Klamath Falls, Oregon as well as a noted amateur historian and author.
Repository
Oregon Institute of Technology Libraries, Shaw Historical Library
Oregon Institute of Technology Libraries
3201 Campus Drive
Klamath Falls, OR
97601
Telephone: 541-885-1772
Fax: 541-885-1777
libtech@oit.edu
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use. Contact the library in advance to view the audio-visual materials in this collection.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Francis S. “Van” Landrum was a businessman and self-taught structural engineer/land surveyor in Klamath Falls, Oregon as well as a noted amateur historian and author. He was born in Pendleton, Oregon on January 14, 1924, and at the age of three his family moved to Klamath Falls, Oregon where he lived for the rest of his life. After his high school graduation in 1941 he joined the U.S. Army Air Corps as a lieutenant and became a B-17 bomber pilot who flew 35 missions over Germany in World War II. After the war Landrum attended Oregon State University but left without graduating. He later became a registered engineer and businessman. In 1953 he founded Fremont Glass & Millwork, later Fremont Millwork, Inc., and continued to operate the family business until his retirement in 1985.

Landrum was considered an expert on Klamath Basin history, especially the Modoc War of 1872-1873. He created an extensive collection of materials about the Modoc War as well as other topics related to the history of Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. From that research he wrote the book Guardhouse, Gallows and Graves: the Trial and Execution of Indian Prisoners of the Modoc Indian War by the U.S. Army, 1873 (1988) as well as several articles for historical journals. He was one of the organizers of the 1988 Modoc War Symposium. Landrum used his knowledge of surveying and history when he served as an expert witness for the state of Nevada during disputes over the boundary between Nevada and California around Lake Tahoe in the 1980s.

Landrum was active in the Klamath Falls, Oregon community serving as a founding Board member and President of the Shaw Historical Library, member of the Klamath County Museum Board, president of the Klamath Falls Rotary Club and chairing the Klamath County Roads Advisory Committee. He also served on the Oregon Geographic Names Board.

Francis S. Landrum married Patricia Schupp (born April 4, 1924) on July 27, 1947, and together they raised four children: Eloise, Colleen, Kenneth and Paul. Patricia Landrum joined Francis Landrum in many of his research activities. Francis Landrum died on June 16, 2002. Patricia Landrum died on September 7, 2008.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection focuses on Modoc Indians and the Modoc War of 1872-1873, John Charles Frémont's Second and Third Expeditions to the American West, and U.S. Supreme Court litigation between California and Nevada about a boundary dispute. It contains documents, photocopies, photographs, negatives and duplicates of stereographic images, maps, videocassettes and audio cassettes, and ephemera. The collection is composed of five series: Series I: Modoc War, Series II: Modoc War Symposium, Series III: Western Exploration and Nevada-California-Oregon Boundary, Series IV: Land of the Lakes History, and Series V: Maps.

Series I: Modoc War contains images and documents related to the participants and events of the Modoc War of 1872-1873. Series II: Modoc War Symposium contains images, audio/visual recordings and documents related to the Modoc War Symposium held at Lava Beds National Monument in March 1988. Series III: Western Exploration and Nevada-California-Oregon Boundary contains research materials gathered by Francis Landrum related to western explorations, especially material associated with defining the boundary between Nevada, California and Oregon in the Lake Tahoe area. Landrum’s personal correspondence on the boundary dispute is also included in this series. Series IV: Land of the Lakes History contains images, audio/visual materials and documents related to a wide variety of topics in the Land of the Lakes region. Series V: Maps includes maps documenting exploration of the American west, the Modoc War, and Oregon. Many items are originals, some are copies. Some were created by Francis S. Landrum.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Before materials from the Shaw Historical Library may be quoted in print or otherwise reproduced in whole or in part in any publication, exhibit, broadcast or other manner, the user must obtain permission from the owner of the physical property and the holder of the copyright. Copyright status for collections in the Shaw Historical Library varies. Reproduction of any item must contain a complete citation to the original. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Francis S. and Patricia L. Landrum Collection, The Shaw Historical Library, Oregon Institute of Technology, Klamath Falls, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Modoc WarReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Images

images
Image# 1 A-I: Captain Jack after capture
Middle-aged Modoc man with short, dark hair in striped shirt with no collar. "Captain Jack (Keintposes), chief of the band of Modocs at Lost River. Hanged at Fort Klamath, 3 October 1873, for the murder of Brig. Gen. Edw. R. S. Canby under a flag of truce. Taken at Peninsula Camp after capture. Louis Heller photo, copy from the original at Siskiyou County Museum." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82311, 1873. "From Palmquist"
Image# 2: Captain Jack
Same photo as above, but has been reversed and retouched. Klamath County Museum
Image# 3 A-I: Schonchin John
Close-up of Modoc man with short hair, stubble beard, in heavy coat. From the original in the Siskiyou County Museum. "John Schonchin, Modoc Sub-Chief. Indian name Skonches, meaning Stick-out-head [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82315, 1873
Image# 4 A-B: Schonchin and Jack
2 Modoc men in same clothes as previous photos. Captain Jack and Schonchin John seated and wrapped in blankets. National Archives, Louis Heller photo, 1873
Image# 5 A-B: Captain Jack and Schonchin John
Captain Jack and Schonchin John dressed in small caps, without coats, standing with arms folded & feet chained together. Reproduced from collection of the Library of Congress. National Archives, Louis Heller photo, 1873
Image# 6 A-F: Black Jim
Modoc man with short, dark hair in white shirt. "Indian name Te-te-tea-us; so named on account of his dark color. Half-brother to Capt. Jack. Hung at Fort Klamath, Oregon, Oct. 3, 1873 [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #83165
Image# 7 A-F: Boston Charley
Modoc man with short, dark hair in white shirt and heavy coat. "Indian name Bostin-Ah-gar; so named on account of his light color. Hung at Fort Klamath, Oct. 3, 1873 [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82313. From the original in the Siskiyou County Museum. 1873
Image# 8 A-J: Scar-Faced Charley
Modoc man wearing jacket with fur cap, scarred cheek. "Scar-Faced Charley fired first shot of Modoc War. Scar from wagon accident. "Indian name Chik-chack-am Lul-al-kuel-atko, meaning, run over by a wagon and scarred. Died at Quapaw Agency, I.T., now Oklahoma, Dec. 3rd, 1896. One of Capt. Jack's best shots [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82308. From the original in the Siskiyou County Museum. From Palmquist
Image# 9: Scar-Faced Charley
Middle-aged Modoc man with short, dark hair and deeply scarred face, dressed in a suit & bow tie. Not a Peninsula Camp photo
Image# 10 A-H: Curly-Headed Doctor
Modoc man with short hair in striped shirt. "Indian name, Cho-ocks; alias Woman Doctor, Medicine Man. Died at Quapaw Agency, Okalahoma, 1890 [Riddle]." "Modoc Indian and one of the tribal shamans. National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82318. From Palmquist"
Image# 11 A-G: Hooka Jim (Hooker Jim)
Modoc man with short hair & beaded necklace & white shirt. "Died at Quapaw Agency, I.T. (Oklahoma), 1879 [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82314, from the original in the Siskiyou County Museum
Image# 12 A-G: Bogus Charley
Younger Modoc man with very short, dark hair with light highlights, dressed in white shirt & colored neckerchief. Louis Heller photo #82309, 1873. From the original in the Siskiyou County Museum
Image# 13 A-E: Steamboat Frank
Younger Modoc man with short, dark hair and deeply scarred face, dressed in striped shirt and necklace. Two descriptions: 1). "Died in Oakland, Maine in 1885 while studying for the Minister under Auspices Society of Friends". 2). Steamboat Frank- became Frank Modoc- died as a Quaker Minister (ordained) in Portland, Maine. Died January 1884. National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82316, 1873. From the original in the Siskiyou County Museum
Image# 14 A-D: Shacknasty Jim
Younger Modoc man with short, black hair & narrow eyes, dressed in white shirt. National Archives, Louis Heller photo, 1873. "LBNM has original; from Palmquist"
Image# 15 A-B: James Shacknasty
Modoc man with short, dark hair, dressed in a suit & bow tie. Not taken at Peninsula Camp. "Died on March 14, 1881, in Indian Territory. Wilbur Crim Collection"
Image# 16 A-D: One-Eyed Dixie
Modoc woman with braided hair, one eye closed, wearing plaid blanket. "One-Eyed Dixie, a Modoc squaw and survivor, now residing at the Snake Camp, near the Yainax, Klamath Reservation, Oregon [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #83168. Original photo from Palmquist
Image# 17 A-D: Ike
Close-up of Modoc man with short hair, in coat. L. Heller photo. "Jeff Riddle says Ike was killed by Ross at Semig Basin, some weeks before Heller's [photo]--from Palmquist." "Little Ike or Dave, Indian name Kan-kush, killed by Private Ross, a wounded U.S. soldier, in the Lava Beds; one of the few Modoc warriors killed [Riddle]." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #83167
Image# 18 A-C: One-Eyed Mose
Modoc man with short hair, workman's shirt, open collar. "So called because wife was One-Eyed Dixie. Riddle says Modoc name was Mose Kiesk--sounds like Mosenkast, etc. (?) From Palmquist." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #83169. "Died near Bly, Oregon, 1910. Cousin to Capt. Jack [Riddle]"
Image# 19 A-B: Princess Mary, Artinie, and One-Eyed Dixie
3 younger Modoc women sitting together, wearing dresses & shawls. "Princess Mary married Miller Charley and one of the Lawvers in Oklahoma--died late--23 Feb 1906. " National Archives, Louis Heller photo #83166
Image# 20 A-D: Jack's Family
3 Modoc women sitting together & 1 child standing in front, all wearing dresses & hats (2 hats are traditional woven hats). "Lizzy (young wife), Mary (sister), Rebecca (old wife), and Rose (daughter). Lizzy, buried as Lizzie Godowa at Paiute Cemetery in Beatty, OR. Princess Mary, Mother of "Aunt Jennie" Clinton. Rebecca died in Oklahoma. Rose died in 1874, oldest identified grave at Modoc Cemetery near Miami, OK and Seneca, MD." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82317, 1873
Image# 21 A-D: Shacknasty Jim, Hooka Jim, Steamboat Frank, and John Fairchild
4 men in hats standing in line. "Three Modoc 'Bloodhounds' and John Fairchild. Photo taken at Boyle's Peninsula Camp, o/a June 5, 1873. Courtesy Siskiyou County Museum. Louis Heller photograph." National Archives, Heller photo #83170. "John Fairchild. Add Bogus Charley to the three and yield is 'Bloodhounds'." Shaknasty Jim, Modoc warrior; Indian name Ski-et-tete-ko, meaning left-handed person. Hooker Jim, Modoc warrior; Indian name Ha-kar Jim, meaning Let-me-see. Steamboat Frank, Modoc warrior; Indian name Slat-us-locks, meaning sitting down clumsily. Judge Fairchild of Yreka, Cal [Riddle]"
Image# 22 A-B: Four Modoc women
4 Modoc women seated in front of a military tent, wearing dresses, blankets & woven hats. One-Eyed Dixie (back), Martha Mainstake (rt rear) and 2 other unknown women. Taken at Gillem's Camp, probably by Eadweard Muybridge, National Archives photo #82290
Image# 23: Lost River Murderers
3 middle-aged Modoc man standing together, wearing workmen's pants and shirts, no hats. Curly-Headed Doctor, William the Wild Gal's Man, and one unknown man. National Archives, Louis Heller photo, 1873
Image# 24 A-D: Curly Haired Jack, Black Jim, and Buckskin Doctor (?)
3 Modoc men sitting together, wearing ragged clothes & in leg chains. This is a close-up reproduction of L.Heller photo #82310. See photo #967 for reproduction of original Heller photo & photos #1090 & 1094 for individual portraits
Image# 25 A-C: Burgess and Bogus Charley
Tall Modoc man with round hat, necktie & long rifle on ground, standing beside shorter white man with graying beard, wearing suit, vest & flat hat. "Siskiyou County Sheriff Burgess (or Burgus) and Bogus Charley. Burgess was Siskiyou County Sheriff. L. Heller photo--from Palmquist." National Archives, Louis Heller photo #82312
Image# 26 A-D: Bogus Charley and Family
Modoc man wearing round hat, necktie & boots, seated beside Modoc woman wearing dress, blanket shawl & woven hat, holding young child. "Bogus Charley's wife and child; Bogus Charley." National Archives, Louis Heller photo, 1873
Image# 27 A-B: Frank T. Riddle, Toby Riddle, and Jeff D. Riddle
Posed family portrait taken 1876. Names also written as Tazewell F. Riddle, Jefferson Davis Riddle & Tobey Riddle. From Klamath County Museum
Image# 28 A-C: Winema
Middle-aged woman with long, flowing, gray hair, wearing plain dress with white collar. "Winema--Toby Riddle. Born on Link River. Picture taken in New York City 1875." See also photos #29 & 1084
Image# 29: Toby Riddle
An elderly woman, seated, wearing large feathered hat & polka-dot dress. From Klamath County Museum. See also photos #28 & 1084
Image# 30: Slolux
Very grainy photo blow-up of a man with short hair. "George Denny, Indian name Slolux. One of the Modoc warriors, sentenced for life to Alcatraz Island, S.F. Bay, and pardoned after serving five or six years. Died at Quapaw Agency, Okalahoma, July 22, 1899 [Riddle]"
Image# 31 A-B: Peter McCarty Schonchin
White-haired man in suit & tie
Image# 32 A-B: Jennie Clinton
Old woman with headscarf, shawl & cane. "Own Niece of Captain Jack -- Aunt Jennie, an Indian Saint-- Daughter of Princess Mary. Pictured while living near Williamson River Store. Dan's and her big barn was where the store now stands. Photos from Buddy Crim (related to Aunt Jennie)"
Image# 33: Unidentified man
Younger man with mustache in suit & tie. Appears to be a Modoc Indian
Image# 34: Unidentified women & child
Two Modoc Indian women and child, holding a string of fish. Buildings & power poles in background
Image# 35 A-B: Old Chief Schonchin
Old man with white hair seated, dressed in buckskins, holding knife & bow, arrows on back. "Leader of Modocs during early stages of trouble with whites. Remained loyal to whites during Modoc War. At the treaty in 1864 after signing the treaty, Schonchin pointed to a mountain and said, 'That mountain will fall before I break my word.' Matilda Whittle." "Wild painting of Old Chief Schonchin, brother to Schonchin John." "Old chief Schonchin or Skonches, was head chief of the Modocs for many years. He remained loyal to the Great Treaty that was signed at Council Grove, near Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1864. He was a brother to John Schonchin who was hung for the killing of the Peace Commissioners. He was the Author's father-in-law. Born at Tule Lake, California; died August 10, 1892, aged 95, at the Klamath Reservation, Oregon [Riddle]"
Image# 36 A-B: Matilda Whittle with flag of 45 stars
Older woman holding flag with younger woman helping her. "Figure clasping flag staff is Matilda Whittle." "Matilda Whittle -- 45 stars. 45th star -- Utah 1896; 46th star -- Oklahoma 1907 = 11 yrs" "Bill Burk got copy of photo from one belonging to Andy Oritz's grandmother"
Image# 37 A-C: Matilda Whittle's daughter
Seated woman with two standing boys (looks like mother & 2 young sons)
Image# 38: Weium, the Wild Gal's Man
Young man with bow tie. Wild Gal's name became Betsy Pokumkus. "William Faithfull, the Modoc warrior, who warned Wi-ne-ma that the Peace Commissioners were to be murdered. Indian name Weium. Died Nov., 1911, at the Klamath Reservation, Oregon [Riddle]"
Image# 39: Miller's Charley
Blow-up of middle-aged man's head & shoulders
Image# 40: Lithograph of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, New York
Shown: Boston Charley (murderer of Rev. Dr. Thomas), Shacknasty Jim, Hooker Jim (the opponent of Mr. Dwyer), Scar-Faced Charley (the Friend of Steele), Donald McKay (the Half-breed Warm Springs scout who trailed the Modocs), Captain Jack, One-Eyed Dixie (the squaw interpreter), Schonchin (who tried to murder Meacham), Steamboat Frank (Gen. Davis' guide), Curly-Headed Doctor (the Modoc medicine man), and Bogus Charley (the Modoc betrayer). From photos by C.F. Watkins, San Francisco
12 July 1873
Image# 41 A-B: Klamath Indians near Fort Klamath
4 Klamath Indians with horses, chaps, lariats, dressed as cowboys. 3 are mounted & 1 is standing beside unsaddled horse; trees & fence in background. "Willy Drummer David, Homer Whyhilitate H.M. Moore, G.M. Modoc. Klamath Indians near Fort Klamath early 1900" (on back of photo is written "Late 1800/1900's"). 1 photo appears to be original
Image# 42 A-B: Group Photo
10 men standing & seated, dressed in heavy jackets/suits. "Pete Choktoot, Jack Palmer, Oliver C. Applegate (sub-agent), Jesse Kirk, Eugene B. Henry (surveyor), Moghenkasket (Dick Brown), Long John (Link River Jack), Chief Lelu, Agency George, Henry Blowe. Identified by Seldon Kirk. Both Moghenkasket (Klamath Father, Modoc Mother) and Blowe were slave traders. Choktoot is Yahooskin Snake (Paiute). Jesse Kirk is Modoc/ Klamath. Lelu = Le Loups - grey wolf"
Image# 43 A-B: Allen David, aka Poos Kiu
Old man with white hair & blind(?) eyes, wearing heavy suit & vest. "Made Chief of the Klamaths by Applegates to succeed chief Lalakes. David's Indian name is "Boos Kyoo" (Boos = black, and kyoo = rectum), from Pushli kiu. His brother was Red Blanket, now a creek is named after him at Crater Lake National Park. Was great orator, per Seldon Kirk." "Slave-trader; treaty signer; silver-voiced orator"
Image# 44: Whistler
Older man in coat & cravat tie
Image# 45 A-B: Henry Blowe
Older man in coat & white collar (blow-up from group photo). "Henry Blowe -- half Klamath -- half Modoc"
Image# 46: Moghenkaskat (Dick Brown) (?)
Older man in coat (blow-up from group photo)
Image# 47: Bob Hook
Dark-haired man in coat with buttons
Image# 48: Chief Lelu (?)
Older man in rough coat (blow-up from group photo)
Image# 49: Pete Choktoot (?)
Middle-aged man smoking pipe (blow-up from group photo)
Image# 50 A-E: Seldon Kirk
Middle-aged man in suit at desk with journal, March 27, 1945. Photo courtesy of Klamath County Museum. Other pictures in envelope are of Kirk in different pose, but taken around the same time
Image# 51 A-C: Seldon Kirk
"Seldon Kirk, age 83, contemplating a long past at 'Treaty Tree', Council Grove. December 17, 1965." Other photos are a reverse photo and a different pose, but they are of the same man and around the same time
Image# 52: Thumb of the Glove (?)
Aerial photo of rolling land & river under snow
Image# 53: Approaching Sand Hill (?)
Aerial photo of flat lava country
Image# 54: Lava Beds
Rabbitbrush & grass in foreground, small hill in background
Image# 55: Lava Beds
Grassy slope in foreground, flat in middle, butte in background
Image# 56: Lava Beds
Grass, rabbitbrush & lava outcrops, ridge in background, small figure of person in middle
Image# 57: Lava Beds
May be extension of photo #56; same description without person
Image# 58: Thomas Hill
Rabbitbrush & grass in foreground, small hill with lava cap in background, small figure of person on top of hill
Image# 59 A-B: Thomas Hill
Same hill as #58, different angle
Image# 60: Lava Beds
Hollow looking north. Fort is big one NW of Clinton
Image# 61: Lava Beds
Flat lava country with ridge in background
Image# 62: Lava Beds
Rabbitbrush & grass in foreground, small hills in background (may be same hill as #58 but different angle)
Image# 63: Lava Beds
Flat country with brush & lavas in foreground, cinder cones in background, ridge in far background
Image# 64: Lava Beds
Small lava outcrop in right foreground, flats in middle, Hardin Butte & ridge in background
Image# 65: Lava Beds
Taken from small rocky hill, lava outcrops in middle, ridge & lake (?) in background
Image# 66: Lava Beds
Small lava outcrops in grass & rabbitbrush slope
Image# 67 A-B: Lava Beds
Long lava outcrop in grass & rabbitbrush slope
Image# 68: Lava Beds
Lots of lava outcrops in brushy flat, ridges in background & man-made structure visible far away. "Adams = 0, N16°-07'-59" W"
Image# 69: Lava Beds
Grass & brush flat in foreground, small bluffs with lava outcrops in middle ground
Image# 70: Cranston Knob (?)
Grass & brush flat with lava outcrops in foreground, small bluff in middle, ridge in background. "Cranston. 90mm, ?eil to Cranston = S80°-11'-28" E" (words partially cut off)
Image# 71: Lava Beds
Grassy flat with lava rock outcrops & ridges in background. "Thomas -- 0°, AZ = N76°-22'--52"E"
Image# 72: Site of Thomas Massacre
Forest service sign set at behest of Brown, Cuff, and Cronemiller in Ebstein stone cairn. Sign says, "Modoc Indian War, site of Thomas Massacre, 29 soldiers killed and 18 wounded. April 26, 1873." Photo taken 1960's
Image# 73: Lava Beds
Lava rock wall in foreground, lava beds in middle, lake and ridges in background
Image# 74: Lava Beds
Aerial view of lava & brush country after light snowfall
Image# 75: Buttes in Lava Beds National Monument
Horizon: Big Sand, Caldwell and Schonchin Buttes. Near center: Hardin Butte with Cranston Knob, low @ center
Image# 76: Buttes in Lava Beds National Monument
Near center: Hardin Butte with Cranston Knob in front. Flat top is Big Sand Butte; with saddle is Caldwell Butte; right border is Schonchin Butte
Image# 77: Buttes in Lava Beds National Monument
Hardin Butte from west. Protruding knob is Cranston Knob
Image# 78: Buttes in Lava Beds National Monument
Across Semig Basin. Cranston Knob at right border
Image# 79: Lava Beds
Looking across grassy flat with lava outcrops toward ridges in middle and background. "Cranston = 0, 135 mm, ?heil to Cranston S80°-11'-28"E" (words partially cut off)
Image# 80: Lava Beds
Aerial view of water impoundment in lava/grass flat, trees in background
Image# 81: Hardin Butte
Across sage & juniper flat with lava outcrops, looking toward snowy ridges in background, small butte with lookout in middle ground. "From atop Hardin Butte looking into Schonchin Butte"
Image# 82: Stronghold
NW Salient- Stronghold. Stone redoubts near Coehorn mortar emplacements. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 83: Lava Beds
Small, square lava rock formation in foreground, lava beds in middle, buttes & ridges in background
Image# 84: Lava Beds
Close-up of lava rock structure. "? @ Daylite, 58 = 0, S48°-04'-22"E" (words partially cut off)
Image# 85: Boutelle
"Daylight" fort on northwest corner of Thomas Hill
Image# 86: Stone fort
Big stone fort at south end of Roemer Ridge. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 87 A-C: Big "Daylight" Fort at Junction of Roemer Ridge and Clinton Draw
Man with hat looking at lava rock structure
Image# 88 A-B: Big "Daylight" Fort at Junction of Roemer Ridge and Clinton Draw
Small, round lava rock structure
Image# 89: Boutelle
Revetment "Boutelle" (daylight) at northwest flank of Thomas Hill. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 90: Lava Beds
Small, round lava rock formation
Image# 91: Wright's Ridge
On Wright's Ridge, looking southwest. Photo taken 1960's. "Redoubt at Coehorn mortar emplacement site"
Image# 92: Wright's Ridge
Ken Landrum at south end of Wright's Ridge. "Hollow" to Ken's left is the "Thumb of the Glove". Photo taken 1960's. "Ken Landrum kneels in southerly fort on Wright's Ridge." (?)
Image# 93: Minor stone work westerly of Hardin Butte
Collapsed lava rock formation. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 94: Redoubts at Wright's Ridge
Rescue party redoubts at Wright's Ridge. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 95: Wright's Ridge
Bill Burk, Dale Thompson, and Joe Kennedy in stone forts on Wright's Ridge. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 96: Wright's Ridge
Ken Landrum on Wright's Ridge standing inside lava rock wall. Photo taken 1960's. "Ken Landrum at east end of south fort." (?)
Image# 97 A-B: Van Landrum on Wright's Ridge
Van Landrum leaning on lava rock wall, looking NE to Schonchin Flow & toward Lighthouse. Photos taken 1960's. Landrum has moved slightly between photos. "Van Landrum behind large revetment near center of Wright Ridge defenses"
Image# 98 A-C: Lava Beds
Lava rock structure and outcrop in left foreground, gentle ridge in background
Image# 99 A-B: Thumb of the Glove
Where Thumb of Glove joins Semig Basin. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 100: Untitled
Image# 101 A-B: Cranston Knob
Bill Burk in stone redoubt on Cranston Knob, upslope is Hardin Butte. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 102 A-B: Cranston Knob
Bill Burk in stone redoubt on Cranston Knob. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 103: Untitled
Image# 104: Stronghold, near Mortar site
Close-up of short, high lava rock wall. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 105: Lava Beds
Close-up of lava rock structure
Image# 106: Lava Beds
Lava rock structure in foreground, lava outcrops in middle, ridgeline in background
Image# 107: Lava Beds
Lava rock structure in foreground, lava/grass flats in middle, rounded butte in background
Image# 108: Lava Beds
Lava rock formation in foreground, striped pole in middle, rounded butte in background
Image# 109: Lava Beds
Young man in lava rock outcrops, lava flats in middle & ridgeline in background. "Near 51?, Next 52, Miller = 0°, N261-48'-06"E" (words are partially cut off)
Image# 110: Lava Beds
Same man as in #109 standing by lava outcrop on slope, ridgetop in background
Image# 111: Lava Beds
Lava outcrop with sign, gentle ridge in background
Image# 112: Lava Beds
Multiple lava rock outcroppings in foreground & middle, butte in right background
Image# 113: Lava Beds
Close-up of lava rock structure, lava/brush flat in middle, ridgeline in background
Image# 114: Lava Beds
Close-up of partial lava rock structure in foreground, lava/brush flat in middle, rounded butte in background. "Hardin = 0°, S68°-01'-54"E"
Image# 115: Lava Beds
Looking across gentle ridge to bluffs & ridgeline in background. "Romer = 0, Az = S29°-53'-35"W"
Image# 116: Lava Beds
Same man as in #109, looking at remains of lava wall, top of gentle slope in middle, rounded butte in background
Image# 117: Lava Beds
Same man as in #109, sitting on lava rocks & writing in notebook. "#55, Az = 75°"
Image# 118: Lava Beds
Close-up of partial lava wall, brush & lava flat in middle, gentle butte in background, ridges in far background. "#50, 0° = Cranston, S77°-54'-35"E"
Image# 119: Lava Beds
Lava rocks in foreground, brush & lava rock flat in middle, ridges & lake in background. "Boutelle, Adams = 0"
Image# 120: Lava Beds
Same man as in #109, sitting on lava rocks beside lava wall with gentle butte in background. "Cranston = 0, S71°-42'-21"E" (words partially cut off)
Image# 121: Lava Beds
Van Landrum looking at lava rock formation, holding 2 rocks; shrub & brushy flat in middle, long ridge in background
Image# 122: Untitled
Image# 123: Untitled
Image# 124: Lava Beds
Small, round lava rock structure on brushy flat
Image# 125: Lava Beds
Small, square lava rock structure in brush flat with butte in background
Image# 126: Lava Beds
Small lava rock formation in foreground, many lava outcrops in middle, gentle butte in left background. "58 = 0, S48°-04'-22"E (some words are cut off)
Image# 127: Schonchin Flow
Over the top from Hardin Butte looking into the Schonchin Flow. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 128 A-B: Cranston Knob
Negative labeled, "Stonework on Cranston Knob." Back of person's head & shoulders inside lava rock ring, ridge in background. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 129 A-B: Stonework on Cranston Knob
Small lava rock redoubt. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 130: Stonework on Cranston Knob
Probably same redoubt as in #129, different angle. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 131: Stonework on Cranston Knob
Probably same redoubt as in #129, different angle. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 132: Wright's Ridge
Scott Warren at the large Southern fort on Wright's Ridge. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 133: Wright's Ridge
Scott Warren at the same fort as in #132, different angle. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 134: Schonchin Flow
From atop Hardin Butte looking northerly across Schonchin Flow, Bryant Mountain in the distance. Photo taken 1960's
Image# 135: Wright's Ridge
Large lava rock structure. Negative labeled, "Stone redoubts near Coehorn mortar emplacement." Photo taken 1960's
Image# 136: Wright's Ridge
Several lava rock structures & outcrops. Negative labeled, "Stone redoubts near Coehorn mortar emplacement." Photo taken 1960's
Image# 137 A-C: Brig. General Henry Cornelius Hasbrouck
This photo of Hasbrouck in uniform & cap of the Spanish American War, either as Captain or Colonel. Battery B, 4th Artillery Regiment
Image# 138 A-C: Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard, U.S.A
This photo of Howard in uniform, Retired
Image# 139 A-B: Eugene Hovey
Young man with bow tie. 2nd photo is a grainy enlargement. "Probably Heller Yreka photo. Killed by Hooker Jim & Bogus Charley (?) or Miller's Charley (?)" "Born in Yreka, Cal.; aged 21. Left a mother, father and brothers to mourn his loss [Riddle]"
Image# 140 A-C: 1st Lt. Albion Howe
Lithograph of middle-aged man with dark hair & goatee, in uniform & military cap. "1st Lt. Albion Howe, Battery A, 4th Artillery (Evan Thomas). Courtesy of Klamath County Museum"
Image# 141: Edw (Edward?) McGarry
Fuzzy photo of young man in CW uniform
Image# 142: J.W.P. Huntington and family
Family portrait of seated man & wife, surrounded by 2 young women & 4 young men. "Only known photo of J. W. Perit Huntington; Supt. of Indian Affairs, pre-Meacham. Second from right, back row." Courtesy of Oregon Historical Society, negative #75736
Image# 143 A-D: Captain James Jackson
Man with white hair & goatee, in military uniform. Troop B, 1st Cavalry
Image# 144: Captain James Jackson
Much younger man than in #143, with brown hair & full beard, wearing elaborate uniform. Troop B, 1st Cavalry. Fought in all Modoc Wars except one. Fisher Collection
Image# 145: James Jackson
Middle-aged man standing to address audience, with CW veterans & dignitaries seated on stage. Courtesy Oregon Historical Society, negative # Oreg. 654
Image# 146 A-C: Thomas Thompson Cabaniss M.D
Acting assistant surgeon (contract surgeon). Picture taken in 1882, five years before his death
Image# 147 A-F: Brig. General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
CG, Department of Columbia. Middle-aged man in uniform with shoulder insignia. Courtesy Klamath County Museum. 1 copy is reversed
Image# 148: Brig. General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Different photo than #147, but taken around the same time. Courtesy Klamath County Museum
Image# 149 A-C: Massacre at the Peace Tent
Drawing of Modocs shooting at Canby on right, with arm outstretched; Winema on ground in left front. Famous illustration of the Modocs killing the Peace Commissioners, as sketched by William Simpson. "No photographer was present on Good Friday 1873, when Captain Jack (left, center) murdered Gen. E.R.S. Canby while under a flag of truce, but Simpson's drawing is an accurate representation of the scene [Dillon]"
Image# 150: Younger man in uniform. "Then Lt. Col"
Image# 151: Younger man with beard in suit
Image# 152: Middle-aged man with mustache in gold-braided uniform
Image# 153: General Richard Sprigg Canby
This photo is a drawing made from photo #1069. It is different than photos #147 or #148, but taken around the same time
Image# 154: Elderly man with white hair, full beard & white cravat
Image# 155 A-B: Brig. General George Crook
Grainy photo of middle-aged man with beard in uniform with shoulder insignia. "Lt. Col. 23 Inf"
Image# 156 A-B: Col. Jefferson Columbus Davis
23rd Infantry; CG Department of Columbia. Middle-aged man with beard in uniform. See also photo #164
Image# 157: Lithograph of the Fort Sumpter defenders (Civil War)
"Jefferson Columbus Davis (back row, left), Richard Ridder Meade [a Virginian who resigned from U.S. Army on May 1, 1861 to join the CSA (Confederates)], Theodore Talbot (back row, right), and Major Robert Anderson (1st Artillery)"
Image# 158 A-C: Canby's Cross
Pressley A. Dorris at Canby Cross, the cross built and set by Lt. John S. Parke and John Fairchild
Image# 159 A-B: Lt. Col. John M. Drake
Paiute Country: Lt. Col. John M. Drake of the Oregon Volunteer Cavalry. Volunteers oversaw the Paiutes while the regular army was east- 1861-5
Image# 160 A-C: Leroy S. Dyar
Older man with white hair & beard, in suit. "File no 6A4" "Klamath Indian Agency Supt." "Hon. Leroy S. Dyar, U.S. Indian Agent and member of the U.S. Peace Commission, April 11, 1873 [Riddle]." Courtesy Klamath County Museum
Image# 161 A-B: John Fairchild
Elderly man in suit & tie. (Identified by D. Woodhead)
Image# 162 A-B: Senior officers, Modoc War
Group photo of approximately 22 soldiers & civilians, standing and seated. "Col. A.C. Gillem, Col. Jeff. C. Davis, Col. J.A. Hardie, Major E.C. Mason, Capt. Calvin De Witt, Capt. Henry McElderry, Capt. Edwin Bently, Lieut. C.P. Egan, Major John Green, Unknown, Lieut. G.G. Greenough, Unknown, Capt. G.J. Lydecker, Capt. Ed. Field, Lieut. Peter Leary, Capt. E.V. Sumner, Lieut. H.N. Moss, Capt. David Perry, Lieut. W.H. Miller, Capt. J.G. Trimble, Lieut. J.Q. Adams, Capt. C.H. Hoyt [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps Photo #82296
1873
Image# 163 A-C: Col. Alvan Cullom Gillem
Middle-aged man with dark hair & full beard, shoulder epaulets, sitting with coat unbuttoned. Lithograph of Col. Alvan Cullom Gillem, 1st Cavalry. Courtesy of Klamath County Museum
Image# 164 A-B: Col. Jefferson Columbus Davis
Lithograph as Bvt. Maj. Gen. during Civil War. Became C.G. Dept. of Columbia. Col 23rd Infantry. Middle-aged man with beard in uniform. Courtesy Klamath County Museum. See also photo #156
Image# 165: Untitled
Image# 166: James A. Hardie, Col. I.G
Middle-aged man with glasses & sideburns in uniform
Image# 167: George Montgomery Harris
2nd Lt. Batt K, 4th Artillery, acting C.O. Capt. Edw. Field's Co (came later). Wounded April 26, 1973 with Capt. Thomas. Harris became 1st Lt. on May 1, 1873 and died May 12, 1873. Credit U.S. Military Academy Archives -- June 15, 1868
Image# 168: Scowling young man in uniform
Image# 169: 1st Lt. Reuben F. Bernard
1st Cavalry. Young man with beard in uniform. Photo taken at Washington D.C., probably in 1864
Image# 170: Captain Reuben F. Bernard
1st Cavalry. Middle-aged man with beard in ornate uniform (he is much heavier than in photo #169). Photo taken at Walla Walla, Washington, probably in 1878
Image# 171: Captain Reuben Frank Bernard
Older man with white hair & beard in ornate uniform. Courtesy National Archives
Image# 172 A-C: Three veterans of the Modoc Indian War
Photo of 3 older men, 1 in military uniform, 1 in Indian dress, 1 in suit & tie, taken Oct. 27, 1923 at Seattle, Washington. Col. Back of photo reads: "F.A. Boutelle, as 2nd Lt., Troop B, 1st U.S. Bar, on Nov. 29, 1872, fired first shot in the famous Modoc Campaign. He died at his home in Seattle on Feb. 12, 1924 at age 83. Histo (Toplish), one of band of Warm Springs Indian scouts commanded by Donald McKay who participated in the campaign against "Captain Jack" and his renegade Modocs. Maurice Fitzgerald, former Sergt. Troop "K", 1st U.S. Cav. who also fought in that memorable conflict and served at a scout through the Bannack War." Photo is old & folded. "Boutelle, Frazier A. 2 Lt, B 1 Cav." "All three were involved in the pursuit of Capt. Jack and the remainder of his Lost River Band in the last week of May, 1873"
1872-1873
Image# 173 A-B: Lt. Stephen P. Jocelyn
Young man with long sideburns in uniform. "Company D, 21st Infantry. Arrived at Fort Klamath in fall of 1873 from Camp Warner. Commanded Company F at the execution of Modoc prisoners." "2 Lt, F 21 Inf"
Image# 174 A-B: Captain Orson Claudius Knapp
Middle aged man with full sideburns & light hair, in suit & tie. 2nd photo is grainy enlargement. "Klamath Indian Agency Superintendent during Jack's return December 1869 until leaving in spring 1870." "U.S. Agent at the Klamath Reservation served in the Union Army during the Civil War and was promoted twice for gallantry and meritorious services at the battle of Mission Ridge, Tennessee, and during the Atlanta campaign. Honorably discharged at his own request, returned to his home at Bellefontaine, Ohio, where he died April 16, 1877 [Riddle]"
Image# 175 A-B: Edwin Cooley Mason
Younger man with full beard & dark hair, in uniform with shoulder insignia. Major, Brevet Colonel--21st Infantry Regiment
Image# 176 A-B: Dr. Henry McEldenry, Assistant Surgeon
Head of medical department at Fort Klamath during the trial and execution of the Modoc Indian prisoners. #180
Image# 177 A-D: William Cameron McKay, M.D
Older man with gray mustache & short hair wearing suit. Son of Thomas & older half-brother of Donald, stepson of John McLoughlin. Served as guide for troops venturing into Paiute country. Was witness and interpreter for Oct. 14, 1864 Great Treaty of Klamath Lake. Oregon Historical Society Neg. No. 653. See also photo #933
Image# 178 A-C: Alfred B. Meacham
Middle-aged man with thinning hair and beard in suit & vest. Supt. of Indian Affairs. Photo gift from Elizabeth Redington Stewart, his granddaughter
Image# 179 A-B: Alfred Benjamin Meacham
Meacham is older than in photo #178, with less hair & in suit & tie. Supt. of Indian Affairs. Photographer unknown
Image# 180: Medal of Honor
Star-shaped medal with eagle clasp & striped ribbon. 1896. "The Congressional Medal of Honor design in use during the Modoc War of 1873"
Image# 181: Joaquin Miller, the poet of the Sierras
Lithograph of Cincinnatus Heiner Miller. "First class copperhead frog". Young man in suit & cravat, with long, curly hair and beard
Image# 182: Unidentified
Older man with white mustache in uniform, uniform hat & medal on chest. Collar says, "U.S.V"
Image# 183: Henry Nixon Moss
Young man in cadet uniform. "1st Lt, 1st Cavalry, Captain Jackson's Troop B. U.S. Military Archives - June 17, 1867"
Image# 184 A-F: Thomas Benton Odeneal
Supt. Ind. Affairs, OR after Meacham. Tool of Corbett, Corvallis editor. May be reversed negative. Oregon Historical Society Neg. No. 36942
Image# 185: Negative 1: Winema (the Woman of the Brave Heart); see photo #1084. Negative 2: barn, house & fields
Two negatives
Image# 186 A-C: Peter Skene Ogden
White-haired man without facial hair in suit & tie
Image# 187 A-C: Captain David Perry
Middle-aged man with full beard & dark hair, in suit & bow tie. "Troop F, First Cavalry Regiment. From Camp Warner with Adams and Com. Miller." 1 photo says "from Brady", the other photo says "Photographer Unknown" (same photograph)
Image# 188: Headstone of Arthur Cranston
Cemetery. Grave in foreground: 1st Lieutenant Arthur Cranston, 4th Regiment of U.S. Artillery. Killed in action with Modoc Indians in the Lava Beds, California, April 26, 1873
Image# 189: Military cemetery with all headstones identical, no inscriptions visible
Image# 190 A-E: Charles Putnam (Jr.)
Young man with goatee in suit & tie. "Charles Putnam. Grandson of Jesse Applegate; with Jesse's son, Henry, guided Troop H to the lair of Capt. Jack and family. Gift of Eugene A. Putnam, Charles' grandson." "Granddaughter is Mrs. Georgia H. Beeson, Bakersfield, CA"
Image# 191 A-B: "Men who served as Volunteer U.S. Scouts and Couriers in Indian Wars in the Pacific Northwest, 1877-1880, Officers who commanded them, and Chiefs of the Hostiles they converted." Redington group photo
Men pictured: Capt O.C. Applegate; Chief Joseph, Nez Perce; Buffalo Horn, Bannack; Chief Ehegante, Malheur; Capt S.G. Fisher; Maurice Fitzgerald; Dock McKay; Col H.L. Bailey, U.S.A. (R); Col J.W. Redington, Asst. Adjt. Gen. of Oregon, 1879-1883, Original Boy Scout; Col A.I. Chapman; Gen O.O. Howard, U.S.A (R); Cutmouth John, Umatilla; Maj Edward S. Farrow; Capt R.R. Fletcher, U.S.A (R); Col C.E.S. Wood; Andrew McQuaid; George Banks; Col F.J. Parker; Jack Campbell; Chas Adams; Rube Robbins, Chief; and Henry Pierce. This picture issued by Col. J.W. Redington, 1924. Second Edition 1926
Image# 192 A-B: Col J.W. Redington, Asst Adjut Gen of Oregon, 1879-1883, Original Boy Scout
Young man with rifle, bandolier with bullets & sombrero. Individual close-up of #191. "John Watermelon Redington"
Image# 193 A-C: Troops Standing Retreat at Gillem's Camp
National Archives, US Signal Corps Photo #82299
1873
Image# 194 A-B: Judge Alexander M. Rosborough
Older man with white hair & long sideburns, in suit & tie. "Also business associate of Jesse Carr. See Bob Johnston, 'Two Jesses'." "Judge A.M. Roseborough. Died on November 8th, 1900, aged about 85 years. Buried at the Catholic Cemetery, Oakland, California [Riddle]"
Image# 195: Newspaper article from the Daily Morning Call
"The Modocs; Reports that They are Disheartened. They Flee Toward Goose or Clear Lake. Fifteen of their Warriors Killed During the War. Gallant Conduct of Captain Thomas, Lieutenants Wright, Eagan, and Others." "Lt. Chas P. Eagan, 1st Lt 12th Inf. Co. G, wounded at second stronghold battle--who is Green?" Courtesy Klamath County Museum
1873
Image# 196 A-C: Lieut. William Lord Sherwood
Young man with mustache in military uniform & tie. "1st Lt, Co. I, 21st Infantry. Shot in thigh April 11, 1873 by Curly Haired Jack and Miller's Charley; died on the 14th at Hospital Rock." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82280, printed in reverse
Image# 197 A-C: Middle-aged man in uniform, with tie & cap
Image# 198 A-E: Elisha (or Elijah) Steel (or Steele), Yreka Atty
Older man with graying hair & beard in suit, sitting in parlor setting. Courtesy Wilbur "Buddy" Crim. 1 photo looks original. "Permission to copy prohibited." "One time Indian agent for the Siskiyou area. Friend and confidante of the Modoc Indians [Landrum]"
1877
Image# 199: White-haired man with beard in general's uniform
USSC photo # B-4444 (Brady Collection) in National Archives
Image# 200 A-B: Lt. Sydney W. Taylor
2nd Lieutenant, Battery B, 4th Artillery. Young man with mustache in ornate uniform. Courtesy Mrs. Edmund Gruber. #150
Image# 201: Evan Thomas
Uniformed young soldier with long sideburns & mustache standing in studio pose with feathered hat & saber. (Identified by D. Woodhead)
Image# 202 A-B: Lithograph of Capt. Evan Thomas
Young man with long sideburns & mustache in military uniform & tie. Battery A, 4th Artillery Regiment. Courtesy Klamath County Museum
Image# 203: Lorenzo Thomas
Older man with white hair, uniform has shoulder epaulets. Father of Evan Thomas (identified by D. Woodhead)
Image# 204 A-E: Reverend Doctor Eleazar (Eleaser J.) Thomas
Middle-aged man with light eyes, thinning hair, dressed in suit, vest & bow tie. Dated April 11, 1873
Image# 205: Lithograph of middle-aged man with fringe of hair in suit
Image# 206: C.B. Watson
Young man with light hair & mustache in suit & tie. "Judge Charles B. Watson." "Early Linkville attorney known to Hal Ogle"
Image# 207: General Frank C. Wheaton
Commander of District of the Lakes at beginning of Modoc War. Young man with dark hair, eyes, goatee, in general's uniform & campaign ribbon with cross. Photo has been torn from backing & is damaged in several places; "Signal Corps U.S. Army" is embossed on photo. "Bvt. Maj. Gen. Frank Wheaton, Lieut. Col. 21st Infantry [Landrum]"
Image# 208: Lt. Col. Frank Wheaton
Young man with goatee in military cap & uniform. Photo of Civil War lithograph while Wheaton was Bvt. Major General, II Corps (from Riddle). 21st Infantry Regiment. "Gen. Frank Wheaton, U.S.A. Died June 18, 1903, at Washington, D.C. [Riddle]"
Image# 209 A-B: Tombstone of Col. T.F. Wright
Large monument in center of photo. "Wright grave in Sacramento." Cemetery is unidentified. Same tombstone & memorial as in photos #210 & #211
Image# 210: Tombstone of Col. T.F. Wright
Same tombstone & memorial as in photos #209 & #211. Inscription reads: Killed in the Modoc War, April 26, 1873, Aged 43 years
Image# 211: Tombstone of Col. T.F. Wright
Same tombstone & memorial as in photos #209 & #210, but larger view. Tombstone is leaned up against base of large memorial at head of Gen. Wright and his wife's graves
Image# 212: Wright's Ridge
Young man standing in lava rock structure, slope in background. "Figure (Scott Warren) at a stone wall fort on Wright's Ridge"
Image# 213 A-B: 2 views of Lava Beds with grassy flat in foreground, lavas in middle, buttes in background
Image# 214: Lava Beds
Grassy flat in foreground, end of lava beds in middle, ridge in background
Image# 215: Lava Beds
Grassy flat in foreground, end of lava beds in middle right, small knoll in middle left, ridges in background
Image# 216 A-E: Cranston Knob--Barntop
Brushy hilltop with lava rock outcrops in foreground, juniper/brush flat in middle, ridges in background. All same scene, but taken from slightly different positions. "Across Cranston Knob toward Barntop and Gillem's Bluff." "From top of Hardin Butte looking across Cranston Knob. Black finger is Devil's Homestead"
Image# 217: Young man with pipe (imitating rifle) standing in lava rock structure (probably same one as in #212)
Image# 218 A-B: Schonchin Flow & the Stronghold
Photo taken from grassy hilltop, looking down ridge to lava beds, ridges in background. "Looking across the shoulder of Hardin Butte into Schonchin Flow and the Stronghold"
Image# 219 A-B: Lava Beds
Photo taken from grassy hilltop, flat ground in middle, mesas & bluff in background
Image# 220 A-B: Lava Beds
Photo taken from grassy hilltop, looking toward end of lava beds & brushy flat, ridges & bluffs in background
Image# 221: Untitled
Image# 222: Young man with pipe crouching in lava rock structure (probably same one as in #217)
Image# 223 A-B: Lizard
Sunning on lava rock
Image# 224: Untitled
Image# 225: Lava Beds
Photo taken from grassy hilltop, looking toward lava beds & brushy flat, ridges & bluffs in background. Probably a panorama with photo #220
Image# 226: Lava Beds
Photo taken from grassy hill with lava rocks, looking toward lava beds in middle, grassy flat & ridges, buttes in background
Image# 227: Lava Beds
Grassy flat in foreground, lava beds in middle, buttes in background
Image# 228: Lava Beds
Brush & juniper in foreground, rock outcrops & juniper in middle, tall bluff with structure atop in background, mountains & ridges in far background
Image# 229: Lava Beds
Photo taken from grassy hilltop, looking toward lava beds in middle, open flat in background, ridges in far background
Image# 230: Lava Beds
Photo taken from grassy hilltop, looking toward lava beds in middle, open flat & bluffs in background, ridges in far background
Image# 231: Lava Beds
Aerial view of lava beds with eroded crater in top of photo
Image# 232: Untitled
Image# 233: The Lighthouse
Close-up of stacked lava rock formation with more lavas in middle & bluffs in background. "Across Semig Basin from the Thumb-of-the-Glove to Cranston Knob"
Image# 234 A-C: Hardin Butte Battle Scene
Photo of many small lava rock outcrops on gentle slope. Courtesy Klamath County Museum
Image# 235: Untitled
Image# 236: The Lighthouse
Ken Landrum at "body stakes" at Lighthouse
Image# 237 A-B: Hardin Butte Battle Scene
Battle scene from different angle than photo #234. 3 men are crouching or seated in middle of photo
Image# 238: Lava Beds
Small lava rock outcrops on slope; probably another close-up view of Hardin Butte
Image# 239: Lava Beds
Photo looking down brushy slope with many lava rock outcrops, toward lake and ridges in background. "Daylite = 0, Near is 43, Next is 44, N1°-19'-29"W"
Image# 240: Close-up of man lying on rocky ground with hat beside him; may be dead or asleep
Image# 241: Lava Beds
Lava rocks with survey stake in foreground; gentle slope in background. "Top of hill is Boutelle. S39°-59'--00"W to Boutelle. Axis of photo is S39° - 55' -- 25"W"
Image# 242: Lava Beds
Lava rock structure with survey stakes in foreground; many lava rock outcrops on flat in middle; buttes in background. "Ranging 46-48. N59°-15'E"
Image# 243: Lava Beds
Lava rock outcrops in foreground, man with back turned in middle, mesas in background. "Near 56. Daylite = 0. Figure is in 57. N35°-58'-32"W
Image# 244: Lava Beds
Lava rock structure in foreground, brushy flat in middle, gentle hill in background. "Cranston = 0. S72°-11'-19"E" (some words are cut off)
Image# 245: Lava Beds
Lava rock outcrops in foreground, man sitting on rocks in middle, juniper flat & ridges in background (probably same location & person as photo #243, but different angle). "Az=49, N40°-32'-08"E" (some words are cut off)
Image# 246: Lava Beds
Man in foreground by lava rocks, brush & rocks in middle, bluffs & ridges in background (same man as in photo #245). "Romer = 0. S31°-01'-45"W"
Image# 260: Gillem's Camp
View of tents & soldiers in foreground, Tule Lake in middle, ridges in background. "Muybridge's panorama of Gillem's Camp [Thompson]." In panorama, photo #260 is left of photos #731 & #261. "To the left is the U.S. hospital. To the right are General Gillem's and the officers' quarters. In the center are Riddle's camp, Charley La Booth's restaurant and Pat McManus' store [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82291
Image# 261: Gillem's Camp
View of tents & soldiers in left foreground & middle, lava beds & lake in middle & background. "Muybridge's panorama of Gillem's Camp [Thompson]." In panorama, photo #261 is right of photos #260 & #731. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82292
Image# 262 A-E: Military Camp at Gillem's Camp
View of tents, horses, soldiers, Howitzer Circle & Tule Lake. Muybridge photo #160__? "Eadweard Muybridge panoramas of Gillem's Camp." "Northwest end of Gillem's Camp. The lone bell tent in the center is believed to be General Canby's. The rock corral still stands today. The larger tents at the left end of the far row composed the general field hospital [Thompson]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82305
1873
Image# 263 A-H: Gillem's Camp
7 photos are exactly the same scene, but some are details or in stereo; 1 photo is the same scene but taken at different time. Captions say, "Tule Lake, Camp South, from the Signal Station, Tule Lake in the distance" & "Headquarters on Tule Lake, taken N.E. from Bluff". "A portion of Eadweard Muybridge's panorama of Gillem's Camp." Heller photo #2503, Muybridge photo #160, National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82559
Image# 264 A-D: Alexander McKay; Reporter at work during the Modoc War of 1872-1873
"Alex McKay, surveyor/reporter, and two 12th Infantry soldiers at one of Gillem's camp picket posts, both holding Sharps rifles. Gillem's camp is in background." "McKay, the San Francisco 'Bulletin' correspondent, taking notes on the battlefield near Gillem's camp. At the left are two Warm Spring Scouts, on the lookout for the Modocs. One of them [is] Tallach [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82307, Muybridge photo #1616
Image# 265 A-D: Bringing in the Wounded
A-C. Joe Sidwalla ("Sidwaller" [Riddle]), Warm Spring Joe, U.S. Indian Scout leading mule. Litter on back on mule built by Hyrum Field, carpenter. Wounded man on litter being carried in during the Modoc War. D. Stereo photo. Printed in "The Modoc War", published by Bradley and Rulofson. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82306, Muybridge photo #1617
Image# 266: Tobey and Frank Riddle's cave in the Lava Beds
Cave with lava rocks in front of opening & clothes on ground. "This cave was used by them and the author before the killing of the Peace Commissioners; after that they removed to Gen. Gillem's camp. Ricks in the foreground, part of chimney used for cooking purposes [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82297
Image# 267 A-B: Capt. James Jackson & Troop B
1 civilian & 2 soldiers peering through lava rock barricade. "U.S. soldiers on the lookout for an attack by the Modocs, at a picket station in the Lava Beds [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82293
Image# 268 A-C: View of Lava Bed, showing Signal Station at Mason's Camp
Soldiers on ridgeline in lava beds with tent below. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Maj. Edw. C. Mason's camp in the invested stronghold was in N.E. sector. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83688. Heller photo #2517
Image# 269 A-C: Signal Station at Gillem's Camp
3 soldiers on slope looking down to flat ground, with 1 signal flag. "Signal Rock on the bluff immediately above Gillem's Camp. The lower end of the trail down Gillem Bluff may be seen toward the left [Thompson]." "Panorama of the Lava Beds, from the U.S. Signal Station which lies to the north of Gen. Gillem's camp [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82300
Image# 270: Central Stronghold looking SW
Looking out over lava bed outcrops & structures. "Note tule mat bot (bed?) foreground
Image# 271 A-B: Central Stronghold -- West
Looking out over lava bed outcrops & structures. Heller photo #2520. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83687
Image# 272 A-B: Scarface Charley's Cave
Caption says: "Captain Jack's stronghold (Scarfaced Charley's Cave), now held by the troops". Tent sitting above cave in lava rocks. Heller stereo #2509
Image# 273 A-B: Schonchis Rock, overlooking Gillem's Camp
Schonchin's Rock overlooking Gillem's Camp. Tall rock spire in foreground, tents from Gillem's camp in left middle ground, flat ground in middle & background. "Schonchin, or Skonches Rock, northeast from Gen. Gillem's camp. Facing Tule Lake, California [Riddle]." Muybridge photo #1610. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82288
Image# 274: The Lava Beds, No. 6
"Stereo - Stronghold looking N20°W. Dot sits at end of Hovey Point." View across jumbled lava rocks towards Tule Lake. Muybridge photo #1619. Printed in "The Modoc War", published by Bradley and Rulofson
Image# 275: The Lava Beds, No. 1
Stereo- "Roughest part of the Stronghold- looking north to lake". View across jumbled lava rocks towards Tule Lake. Muybridge photo #1619. Printed in "The Modoc War", published by Bradley and Rulofson
Image# 276: The Lava Beds, No. 10
Stereo- "Core of the Stronghold". Muybridge photo #1619. Printed in "The Modoc War", published by Bradley and Rulofson
Image# 277 A-B: In the Lava Beds
4-5 men standing & sitting in jumbled lava rock landscape. Muybridge photo. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82298
1873
Image# 278: Capt. Jack's Cave, looking North-West
Stereo photo looking into cave mouth. Heller photo #2510
Image# 279 A-C: Captain Jack's Cave in the Stronghold
View of lava tube/cave in ground with rock structures surrounding it. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82295
1873
Image# 280 A-E: Peace tent
Caption says,' The Peace Commission's Tent and stone on which the General Canby was sitting." Strip torn from tent to cover General Canby's body. Muybridge photo #1601. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82282
Image# 281: Lava Beds
Lava rock shelter/structure with cooking implements & reed materials in foreground. National Archives, Army War College photo #82294
Image# 282: Untitled
Image# 283 A-C: Modoc Indians from Captain Jack's Band, Late
Group includes Hooker Jim, Shaknasty Jim, Scarface Charley, Lt. Melville Wilkinson, Bogus Charley, Little Ike or Dave, probably Long Jim, Bogus Charley's wife, Bogus Charley's child, old wife of Capt. Jack (Rebecca), Lizzie the young wife, Ole, James Rahds Charlie, Ellen Scarface Charlie. 1 photo may be original
1800s
Image# 284 A-B: Two unidentified men in studio pose
Tintype plus photo reprint. Both source and figures unknown. One man is standing, the other sitting. They appear to be Hispanic or Native American
Image# 285: Charles Hood, Sr. & Modoc graves
Charles Hood, Sr., at graves of Modoc Indians at Fort Klamath, 1922. Photo appears to be original
Image# 286 A-B: Carrie, Wiley, Macey, & Johnny Ball
Portrait of 4 person family standing & sitting. All Modoc Indians. Seneca, Mo. 1800's. 1 photo may be original
Image# 287 A-B: Wiley and Carrie Ball
Man & woman standing, with beaded headdresses and bandolier, bone necklace. Modoc Indians. Seneca, Mo. 1800's. 1 photo may be original
Image# 288 A-B: Boarding School at Quapaw, OK
Students, priest, and teachers at Indian Boarding School on Modoc Prairie. 1800's. 1 photo may be original
Image# 289: Dan, Lilly & Jennie Clinton
"Uncle Dan, Aunt Genny, Lilly Clinton". Seneca, Mo. 1880. Photo appears to be original
Image# 290 A-B: Dolly Lawver
Original postcard photo & reproduction of woman in 1-horse buggy. Buddy Crim's grandmother (Modoc Indian). Seneca, Mo. 1880-90
Image# 291 A-B: Sam Lawver
Original postcard photo & reproduction of man standing in store with arrows & beaded quiver in hand. Husband of Dolly Lawver, and Buddy Crim's grandfather. Seneca, Mo. 1800's
Image# 292 A-B: Winnie Lawver Crim
Studio portrait of young woman. Buddy Crim's mother. Late 1800's or 1900. 1 original photo and 1 reproduction
Image# 293 A-B: Carrie Walker
Studio portrait of young woman. Winnie Lawver Crim's girlfriend. Photo taken at Pawnee, I.T. (Oklahoma). 1 original photo and 1 reproduction
Image# 294 A-B: Sam Ball and family
Studio portrait of seated couple with 3 standing children (Modoc Indians); early 1800's. 1 original photo and 1 reproduction
Image# 295: Untitled
Image# 305: Quapaw Indian Agency, Oklahoma
Man in skimmer standing beside old Ford with children in front seat & Indians with feathered headdresses & buckskin leggings in back seat. Superintendent Dever (skimmer), two children, Sam Lawver (Buddy Crim's grandfather) and Parker Hubbard (both Modoc Indians). Late 1800's after Modoc War
Image# 306: Schonchin Cemetery -- Winema
Memorial tombstone: "In memory of Winema, Modoc Heroine; interpreter for Peace Commission, pensioned by Congress for courageous and loyal service--Modoc War, 1872-3. Presented by Winema Chapter; Placed by Eulalona Chapter; Daughters of the American Revolution; May 30, 1932." "Tobey Riddle's grave at Bug Butte"
Image# 307: Schonchin Cemetery -- Schonchin
Memorial tombstone: "Sconchin, head chief of the Modocs; His courageous loyalty to his treaty obligations kept the bulk of his tribe from the warpath and saved the Klamath settlements; 1872-3; Marker erected by Eulalona chapter, D.A.R., 1932." "Chief Schonchin's grave at Bug Butte"
Image# 308: Schonchin Cemetery -- Peter Schonchin
Tombstone: "Peter McCarthy Schonchin; 1842-1939." "A headstone at Peter M. Schonchin's grave at Bug Butte"
Image# 309: Schonchin Cemetery -- Peter Schonchin
Tombstone: "Gone home, beloved father, grandfather, and friend; Peter McCarthy Schonchin; passed April 25, 1939, aged 97 years; Wards Klamath Funeral Home." "Headstone of Peter McCarthy Schonchin, 1842-April 25, 1939"
Image# 310: Cemetery -- George
Tombstone: "George; USE; 1867-1941." Son of Dr. George. "George's grave at Bug Butte (probably George Drew)"
Image# 311: Schonchin Cemetery -- Dr. Duffy
Tombstone: "Dr. Duffy; born 1833; died 1898." "Bug Butte"
Image# 312: Schonchin Cemetery -- Millie Riddle
Tombstone: "Millie John Riddle; died April 1890; age 80 yrs." Schonchin Cemetery
Image# 313: Schonchin Cemetery -- Jeff Riddle
Tombstone: "Riddle, Jefferson C.; 1862-1941." "Bug Butte"
Image# 314: Schonchin Cemetery -- Benjamin Lawver
Tombstone: "Benjamin Lawver; Died Nov. 20, 1915; age 65 years; Safe in Heaven." "Bug Butte"
Image# 315: Schonchin Cemetery -- Suvian Henderson
Tombstone: "Sister to Winema; Suvian Henderson; 1847-1935." "Suvian Henderson grave at Bug Butte, sister to Tobey Riddle"
Image# 316: Schonchin Cemetery -- David & Alexander Popunkus
Tombstone: "David Popunkus; died Nov. 3, 1906; age 60 years--Alexander Popunkus; died Nov. 16, 1908; age 90 years; Rest in Peace"
Image# 317: Schonchin Cemetery -- Tom Jones
Wooden tombstone: "Tom Jones; died April 27, '75." "Tom Jones headboard at Bug Butte"
Image# 333 A-B: Coehorn mortars, the pair at Fort Sill
Close-up of 2 mortars mounted on wooden bases, from 2 different angles. Courtesy Klamath County Museum
Image# 334: Coehorn mortars at lava beds
Close-up of 2 mortars mounted on metal bases, with shells in foreground, lava rock wall & coat in middle ground. "The Lava Beds Coehorn mortars. Eight tubes are left, LBNM has 2 (one loaned to KC Museum)." "Coehorns were last used in military action on the morning of April 17, 1873, right here"
Image# 335 A-B: Coehorn mortars at lava beds
Same mortars & place as photo #334, with man pounding something into mortar shell. "Park ranger John DiGolia with the Modoc Battlefield Coehorn mortars at very near the April 17, 1873 emplacement site." "Near where Thomas had located them in the Stronghold." Landrum photo taken in June, 1973
Image# 336: Coehorn mortars at lava beds
Same subject as photo #335, but different pose & angle. "Coehorn tubes are solid bronze"
Image# 337: Coehorn mortars at lava beds
Same subject as photos #335-336, but close-up of mortar shell. "The Lava Beds Coehorn mortals. Hollow ball is filled with shot and powder"
Image# 338 A-B: Coehorn mortar measurements
Photo of Coehorn ball with ruler & label: "Hole is 15/16" in diameter; case wall is 1.25"±; interior is spherical"
Image# 339: Coehorn mortar measurements
Photo of mortar shell with ruler & label: "5.625" in diameter." "Hollow Coehorn cast-iron ball, 6.625 in. dia, shell thickness 1.25 in"
Image# 340: Lava beds scene
View across lava rocks & flat to rise in background. Writing on photo says: "Juniper marking Hasbrouck's Camp; where Ellen's Man died in lap of Peter Schonchin; south sec. corner common to 32+33 about 50 east from this photo station (stake in rock pile)." "Self explanatory; Landrum copy of LBNM original." United States Department of the Interior--National Park Service, Neg. No. 65-86
Image# 341 A-B: Dry Lake Battle scene
Label on photo says: "Site of the Dry Lake Battle. Looking toward the north, the tree indicates the U.S. Army camp with the high ground toward the right where the Modocs retreated and Ellen's Man George died. (Right picture of a 2 picture panorama view)" "Tree marks site of cavalry (B&G) camp at Sorass Lake." Lava Beds National Monument, Tule Lake California. Photographer Robert C. Zink, Chief Park Naturalist on Sept. 22, 1960. USDI--National Park Service. "Landrum copy of LBNM original"
Image# 342: Dry Lake Battle scene
Label on photo says: "Dry Lake Battle site looking southward along the western edge of the lake. Tree indicates the approximate location of Army camp. Timber Mtn in background." "Tree marks site of cavalry (B&G) camp at Sorass Lake." Photographer Robert C. Zink, Chief park naturalist on Sept. 22, 1960. USDI--National Park Service. "Landrum copy of LBNM photo"
Image# 343: Lava Beds
Lava rocks in 2 adjacent square formations
Image# 344: Lava Beds
Standing water on brushy flat in foreground, small hills & large electric transmission towers in background
Image# 345: Lava Beds
Looking across lava rock flat to edge of shallow lake (Tule Lake?)
Image# 346: Prisoner Rock
Looking across bare dirt, with vegetation & bluffs in background. "Looking across Copic Bay to Prisoner Rock from the east. To the left of the rock (south) was water"
Image# 347: The Peninsula
Looking across bare dirt field, road, barns & powerline in middle, bluffs in background. "Across the old 'Jap Camp' to the north end of the peninsula"
Image# 348: "Land's Island"
Foreground is brush & lava rock with melting snow, middle is flat field & shallow lake with structures, background is bluffs & ridges. "Foreground is 'Land's Island'"
Image# 349: The Peninsula
Looking across bare dirt field toward the Peninsula at Tule Lake, with structures & powerline in middle ground. "Across the old 'Jap Camp' to the north end of the peninsula showing the craggy center por(?)"
Image# 350: Horse Mountain
Looking across cultivated field, fences & powerline in middle, Horse Mtn. in background. "Horse Mountain, also known to the emigrants as 'Raspberry Hill'"
Image# 351: Land's Island
Looking across grassy lava rock flat with melting snow; fence in middle, ridges in background, Horse Butte on right horizon. "Foreground is Land's Island"
Image# 352: Elderly man lying in grass
Possible reproduction of old photo
Image# 353 A-B: Balding elderly man with white hair, holding rifle
Image# 354 A-B: Close up of rifle in photo #353
Image# 355: Same man holding rifle as in photo #353, but different pose
Image# 356: Charles Putnam family
Family posing for picture- mother & father seated, three older boys standing. "Charles Putnam family; copied from Eugene Putnam's photo"
Image# 357 A-D: Locating the flagpole at Fort Klamath
Harold B. Ashley and Francis S. Landrum locating the flagpole remains. Stake in center is driven centered atop the old, broken butt of Fort Klamath flagpole. Ashley photo. 1962. #195
Image# 358 A-C: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Van Landrum at the dressed-stone monument marking the southeast corner of Fort Klamath Military Reservation. Ashley photo, 1962
Image# 359: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Van Landrum & 3 men behind fence around cornerstone of Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Image# 360: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Van Landrum & 2 men by cornerstone of Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Image# 361: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Close-up of cornerstone of Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Image# 362: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Van Landrum, Lowell Jones, Rick Bowman & 1 other man kneeling by cornerstone of Fort Klamath Military Reservation. (See narrative by Lowell Jones)
Image# 363: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Van Landrum, Lowell Jones, Rick Bowman & 1 other man kneeling by of Fort Klamath Military Reservation cornerstone (different stone than photo #362). (See narrative by Lowell Jones)
Image# 364: Fort Klamath Military Reservation
Photo of hand-drawn map showing layout of Modoc graves at Old Fort Klamath
Image# 365 A-B: Fort Klamath SE
"Southeast view of Old Fort Klamath. Guard house on extreme right. Third barracks not built yet. Photo taken around 1875±?" "Fort Klamath, looking mostly east and some south." "Birdseye view of all the buildings at old fort Klamath, Ore. Left, officers' quarters; the soldiers' headquarters to the right [Riddle]"
Image# 366: Fort Klamath Officer's Quarters
One-story house with large porch. Brig. Gen. Frank Wheaton's quarters at Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1876. "Adjutant's office, site of the trial of the Modoc Indian prisoners [Landrum]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83649
Image# 367: Fort Klamath Commanding Officer's Quarters
Two-story house with large porches & dormers. Commanding Officers' quarters, Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1876. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83659
Image# 368: Untitled
Image# 369: Graves of the Modoc Chiefs
"Graves of the Modoc Chiefs, executed at Fort Klamath." Grave markers are wooden & surrounded by board fence, with Fort Klamath buildings in background. All 4 grave markers are visible
Image# 370 A-B: Officers with wives & children
Officers, civilians, women, and children on lawn in front of steps of white house (probably Commanding Officer's Quarters at Fort Klamath)
Image# 371 A-E: Fort Klamath Guardhouse
One-story white building with porch; white wooden fence is behind the building. "War correspondent William M. Bunker likened the Fort Klamath guardhouse (on the outside) to a 'comely' family home. Captain Jack of the Modocs did not find it a satisfactory lodge as he waited there for his October 1873 date with a U.S. Army hangman [Dillon]." National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #83662
Image# 372: Fort Klamath
Drawing of graves, fence & buildings at Fort Klamath. "Guardhouse and graves at Fort Klamath"
Image# 373: Fort Klamath
The present museum building copied after the original guardhouse. Unpainted building in Ft. Klamath Park; this is the building that burned down in 2001. #215
Image# 374 A-B: Fort Klamath Hospital
Dilapidated Fort Klamath Hospital at north end of Parade ground. Photo shows 2 men climbing through holes in roof, 1 man & buggies outside. Photo taken around 1889
Image# 375: Gazebo among trees in fenced yard. Possibly Fort Klamath Historical Park before reproduction guardhouse was built
Image# 376: Fort Klamath Hospital
Large 2-story white building with wrap-around porches & multiple chimneys, man standing on upper porch. Post hospital, Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1875. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83665
Image# 377: Fort Klamath Store
3 small unpainted buildings. Post Trader's Store, Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1875. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83655
Image# 378: Fort Klamath Quartermaster's Storehouse
Long white building with double doors. QM Storehouse, Fort Klamath, Oregon, 1876. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83657
Image# 379: Fort Klamath Graves
Close-up of wooden grave markers behind wooden fence, surrounded by Fort Klamath buildings. Looking east at the Modoc Indian graves. Cavalry barracks to the left, guard house to the right, and "officer's row" in the distance. Fisher collection. #200
Image# 380: Fort Klamath Graves
Close-up of wooden grave markers behind wooden fence, surrounded by Fort Klamath buildings. Looking east at the Modoc Indian graves. Similar to photo #379, but different angle
Image# 381 A-C: Fort Klamath Graves
Close-up of wooden crosses marking the Modoc Indian graves at Fort Klamath. The fenced enclosure is gone, but a post & wire fence is visible in middle ground. "Modern day grave markers at Fort Klamath." Devere Helfrich photo, taken 1939. #205
Image# 382: Fort Klamath Graves
Close-up of wooden grave markers behind chain fence & concrete curb, with chain link fence close behind them. The southern three of the Modoc Indian graves - Captain Jack, Schonchiss, and Black Jim. 1988 photo. #210
Image# 383: Fort Klamath Graves
Close-up of wooden grave markers behind chain fence & concrete curb, with chain link fence close behind them. 4 tombstones in fenced area - Captain Jack, Schonchiss, Black Jim, and Boston Charley. Photo probably 1988
Image# 384 A-C: The six-place gallows at Fort Klamath
Drawing of large gallows with elaborate wooden supports. "The six-place gallows -- Captain Jack's scaffold. Photo from the original Parke watercolor." "Lieut. John Parke's watercolor of the six-place gibbet from which 'vunipa modikishash igg" (word is cut off). #185
Image# 385 A-B: Capt. Carpenter & 14th Infantry Co.
"Fort Klamath. Captain Carpenter and 14th Infantry Company are lined up in double file with rifles at rest, on porch of Fort Hospital. Photo taken around 1882"
Image# 386: Fort Klamath Infantry
Line of soldiers on front lawn in front of Fort Hospital. "Fourteenth Infantry at Fort Klamath"
Image# 387: Fort Klamath Cavalry
Line of soldiers on horseback. Fort Hospital is visible in middle ground. "U.S. Cavalry (probably 8th) at Ft. Klamath; lge bldg is n. barracks; hospital @ rt rear"
Image# 388: Railroad trestle in snow near river bank. Looks like a pile of boards is under the trestle
Image# 389: Large white house set in trees
Image# 390: Group of people walking down lane. Houses in background, looks like some buildings were torn down. Possibly site of Klamath Agency. Photo is discolored & may be 1950's or 1960's
Image# 391: Klamath Agency
Group of over 20 men, women, children & dog, sitting on porch with white columns; wooden sidewalks
Image# 392 A-D: Williamson River Methodist Mission Church
Small white church with steeple. Fort Klamath siding and windows. Built by Rev. Jesse and Seldon Kirk. Earthquake damage in Sept. '93
Image# 393: Brig. Gen. Frank Wheaton with officers and members of their families
Group of about 25 officers, women & children. Fort Walla Walla, Washington, 1800s. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83652
Image# 394: Young man measuring doorway
Image# 395 A-C: Donald McKay, Captain of the Warm Spring Indians
Close-up of middle-aged man with short, dark hair & mustache, plaid shirt. 1 photo is stereo. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83701. Louis Heller photo #2506
Image# 396 A-B: Donald McKay
Close-up of middle-aged man with long, graying hair & mustache, dressed in suit & bow tie
Image# 397 A-B: Donald McKay and Jack's capturers
3 men sitting together; 2 have long hair, 1 has short hair. Men shown: Donald McKay, Toplash, and Winishett of Warm Springs Reservation. "Note: none of the three captured Captain Jack." Louis Heller photo. From Palmquist
Image# 398 A-C: Warm Springs Scouts
Group of Warm Springs Scouts; 10 Indians with rifles & military hats posing in front of Tule Lake. 1 photo is stereo. "Warmsprings Indian Scouts at Hovey Point." Louis Heller photo #2507
Image# 399 A-C: Warm Springs Scouts & Soldiers
View of Lava Bed, near Mason's camp, showing a group of soldiers and Warm Spring Indians. 1 photo is stereo. "View from east side; soldier sitting in front of lone standing W.S. left could be Major Mason. Looking south--note chimneys." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82555. Louis Heller photo #2515. From Palmquist
Image# 400 A-C: Warm Springs Scouts
4 Warm Spring Indians with guns, standing behind lava rock structure. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82289
Image# 401 A-F: Warm Spring Scouts
10 Warm Spring Scouts sitting on ground in front of soldier tents, with rifles stacked between them, 1873. "At camp near Hovey Point." "Left to right: Unknown, Frank Sidwaller, Pinouse, Schooley, Lieut. Jake Thomas, Ta Lome." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82287. Muybridge photo #1628
Image# 402: Donald McKay
Two men shown; detail of McKay leaning against rock taken from photo #405
Image# 403 A-B: Warm Spring Scouts
Group of Warm Springs Scouts; 10 Indians with rifles & military hats & overcoats posing in front of hillside. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82285
Image# 404 A-B: Donald McKay
McKay is seated, dressed in hat, wool coat & plaid shirt, with rifle crossed in front. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82284
Image# 405 A-C: Donald McKay and Warm Spring Scouts
McKay with 4 scouts, leaning on lava rock in front of line of tents. 1 photo is slightly different pose than other 2 photos. "Warm Spring U.S. Indian Scouts. Left-Tahome; behind him-Sisson Jim; standing-Donald McKay [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82283. Muybridge photo #1628
Image# 406 A-C: Warm Springs Scouts
Posed photo of Warm Springs Indian shooting gun from behind pile of rocks. "Indian name, Loa-kum Ar-nuk [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82303
Image# 407 A-B: Warm Springs Scouts
Same Indian as in photo #406 in different pose. 2 Descriptions: #1- "Modoc Warrior--Showing method of dress, type of gun and rock structures"; #2- "Warm Spring Scout named Loa Kum Ar-nuk--Strung over shoulder is Sharps tube case contains seven shot magazines tubes, seven each". National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82304
Image# 408: Pine trees on rocky slope
Image# 409: Man by rock wall at bottom of hill or cliff. Possibly wall near Jack's cave near Willow Creek
Image# 410: Rock cliff with large cave. Possibly Jack's cave near Willow Creek
Image# 411: Same as photo #410 but different angle showing river below rock cliff & cave. Possibly Jack's cave near Willow Creek
Image# 412: Close-up of cave in photos #410 & $411, with man standing beside cave opening. Possibly Jack's cave near Willow Creek
Image# 413: Close-up of cave opening. Probably same cave as in photos #410-412
Image# 414: Creek in foreground, tree & grasses in middle, rocky slope in background. Possibly Willow Creek
Image# 415: Willow Creek
Creek in foreground, tree & grasses in middle, rock cliff in background. Looks like photo #414 from farther distance. Captain Jack's cave is near top of rim rock in center
Image# 416: Petroglyphs on rock
Image# 417: Rocks & creek in foreground, cable across creek in middle, ridge in background
Image# 418: Once a bridge
Small creek in foreground, rocky bank & juniper flat in background. "Here was once a bridge"
Image# 419: Approach to Willow Creek bridge
Rocky trail up juniper hillside. "Northwest approach to the Willow Creek bridge on the Steele Swamp road. This is a road?"
Image# 420: Rocky trail up juniper hillside. Probably same as photo #419, but different angle or location
Image# 421: Beaver damage
Juniper tree with beaver damage near top of hill with lava rock outcrops. "A beaver worked on this juniper tree"
Image# 422: Willow Creek redoubt
River with trees in background, small figure on opposite shore. "Figure is Erwin N. Thompson"
Image# 423: Man sitting on lava rocks, pointing toward something (river?)
Image# 424: Paul Landrum at Clear Lake
Boy sitting on rocks. "My son Paul was about 6 years old in this picture of the large stone circle in the "U" of Clear Lake. Harold Ashley photo about 1963 or 64"
Image# 425: Looking northwest to Hovey Point
Lava rock outcrops in foreground, flats in middle, lake & ridges in background. "Stone redoubts near Coehorn mortar emplacements." "Trash Print"
Image# 426: Southeast of Hovey Point
Lava rock structures in foreground, flats & road in middle, ridges in background. "Stone redoubts near Coehorn mortar emplacements"
Image# 427 A-C: Cranston Knob, Hardin Butte, and Caldwell Butte
Man sitting at top of cave/hole in ground. Lavas in foreground, ridges & bluff in background. Man's position is slightly changed in each photo. "Cranston Knob, Hardin Butte, and Caldwell Butte in 'conjunction'"
Image# 428: Lava Beds
Woman walking on trail through rocky area, fields in middle & ridges in distance
Image# 429: Lava Beds
Lava rock wall with small hole (cave?) at Lava Beds
Image# 430: Devil's Homestead
Looking down from rock escarpment to lava ridge, flat & lake. "View across the Devil's Homestead lava flow adjoining the Modoc Battlefield." Photo courtesy Freda White Terry
Image# 431: Black Ledge
Man standing in lava rock cave on hillside. "The roughness of the lava in Black Ledge of the Modoc Battlefield". Photo courtesy Freda White Terry
Image# 432 A-B: Van Brimmer home
Man & woman standing in front of house with something on chair between them. Label says: "Mary and Will Davis at their home at the foot of Van Brimmer Mountain. The Davis family added on the section on right to the original old Van Brimmer home. 1884"
Image# 433: Tule Lake
From south shore of Tule Lake looking up the slope through the buttes to the Highlands
Image# 434: Scorpion Point
Looking across flat toward the Peninsula, Horse Mtn. & sign on rocky hillside. "Looking left of Hospital Rock to the Peninsula"
Image# 435: Sorass Lake
Dry meadow, corner post, and lava rock structures in foreground, dry lake in middle, range of hills in background
Image# 436: Lava Beds
Sagebrush flat in foreground, fence in middle ground, Horse Mountain in background
Image# 437: The Peninsula at Tule Lake
Looking across flat toward buildings & The Peninsula. Butte in background
Image# 451 A-B: Canby's Cross
Close-up of wooden cross set in lava rock base, with hill slope in background. "Canby's Cross, with Gillem's bluff background." Photo courtesy of Freda White Terry
Image# 452: Capt. Oliver C. Applegate @ Canby's Cross
Older man with white beard & cane, in buckskin suit & bearskin hat, standing beside Canby's Cross ("probably the Parke cross"). "Co B, OVM. -- Probably about 1926. Edith Rutenic McLeod photo"
Image# 453 A-B: Canby's Cross
A more recent photo of Canby's Cross. Cross now has interpretive sign & gold lettering. Letters on cross say: "General ERS Canby was murdered here by Modocs April 11, 1873"
Image# 454: Untitled
Image# 455 A-C: Location of the Peace Tent
"View of the spot where Gen. E.R.S. Canby and the Peace Commissioners were murdered by the Modocs. The downtrodden grass and pegs in the foreground show where the Peace Tent was at time of Massacre. The cross designates where Gen. Canby sat when first fired at by Capt. Jack." "Original Canby's Cross." 1 photo is stereo. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82560. Heller photo #2508
Image# 456: Gillem's Camp
Looking down on buildings, howitzer circle, roads & Tule Lake. "Howitzer Circle; extreme top is Hovey Point w/poplar grove near north end. Largest building is Van Brimmer "Fort" -- dairy house"
Image# 457: Gillem's camp
Looking down on howitzer circle, road with parking area, lava beds & Tule Lake. "Gillem's camp from Lower Gillem's Bluff. Howitzer circle @ left; portion of Gillem's Graveyard @ rt border." "From Gillem's Bluff: Looking downward and easterly to site of Gillem's Camp"
Image# 458: Circular stone redoubt
Circular stone redoubt in center of Gillem's camp - Landrum photo
Image# 459: Gillem's Camp
Another view of Gillem's Camp (Landrum photo). "Ctr -- Howitzer circle; next left: Supt's residence; far left -- pump house." "Gillem's camp site from Gillem's Bluff"
Image# 460: Gillem's Camp
Unidentified men and tents behind rock wall circle. From National Park Service, Negative #63 27. Muybridge original #1615. "Military Fortification, Lava Beds, Muybridge (photographer), Copy Mar. 1941 of 1873 Photo U.S. Signal Corps #82301"
Image# 461: 'Howitzer Circle' redoubt in Gillem's Camp
Boy leaning on sign inside rock wall circle. Sign says "U.S. Army Headquarters from March to June 1873 - Modoc Indian War"
Image# 462: Howitzer circle at Gillem's camp
Looking down on howitzer circle, telephone poles, Tule Lake & ridges in background. "Right Horizon is the Peninsula"
Image# 463: Howitzer circle at Gillem's camp
Two buildings and pickup are seen in this photo that were not in photo #462. May be remains of CCC camp?
Image# 464: Howitzer circle at Gillem's camp
Howitzer circle from a slightly different angle. Appears to be the same date at photo #463. May be remains of CCC camp?
Image# 465: Howitzer circle at Gillem's camp
Detail of Howitzer circle. Probably an enlargement of photo #464. May be remains of CCC camp?
Image# 466: Howitzer circle at Gillem's camp
Detail of Howitzer circle. Probably the same as photo #465, but larger view shows the house nearby
Image# 467: Howitzer circle at Gillem's camp
Closer view of Howitzer circle. Probably an enlargement of photo #465
Image# 468: Schonchin Rock on Gillem's Bluff
Close view of large rock outcrop on slope, with building and ladder in photo. "Equipt is water standpipe, now long removed"
Image# 469: Lava Beds
Large lava rock outcropping on slope with grassy hill on right
Image# 470: Lava Beds
Probably the same rock outcropping as in photo #469, but photo taken from above. Small structure is visible near foot of rock outcrop
Image# 471: Lava Beds
Rocky hill with flat top in right foreground, rocky valley in left middle ground, mountains in background
Image# 472 A-B: Hardin butte and Cranston Knob
View across brushy, rocky flat with buttes in background. Back of 1st photo says: "Big Sand, Caldwell & Schonchin Buttes on Horizon. First photo is labeled "Near center is Hardin butte and Cranston Knob -- Black tongue from right is Devil's Homestead". 2nd photo (reprint) has broken line inked across photo and is labeled "Thomas Command, outbound. AM 26 May"
Image# 473: View from Gillem's Bluff
This photo is unlabeled, but is the same scene as photos #474 & #475, from a different angle
Image# 474: View from Gillem's Bluff
"From near Gillem's camp looking SE across Schonchin flow (far) and Devil's Homestead (near lava flow). Big Sand Butte (flat top, far center) and Schonchin Butte (right border)
Image# 475: View from Gillem's Bluff
"Gillem's Bluff. SE -- Landrum foto, 1965 - @ Left, Big Sand Butte - @ Rt, Schonchin Butte". This photo is an enlargement of photo #474
Image# 476: View looking across dry meadow in foreground, rise in middle ground, several buttes and taller ridge with snow in background
Image# 477: Dike road to the Lava Beds
Looking along raised, rutted dirt road toward ridges & bluffs in background. Grass flat is beside both sides of road. "Dike road in lesser days"
1970
Image# 478: Looking down from rock bluff in foreground, across small lava rock structures or circles in middle ground, water body in left middle ground, range of hills in background
Image# 479: Hovey Point & Prisoner's Rock
View from rise across agricultural land toward lava beds, bluffs & ridges. "Near -- grainfields on old lake bed, then Hovey Point. SE sump beyond Hovey Point. Irregular hill is 'Prisoner's Rock'. Horizon is Bald Hills @ Clear Lake"
Image# 480: A moment of contemplation
Van Landrum sitting on rock surrounded by rabbitbrush & sagebrush. Juniper trees & hill in background
Image# 481: Man leaning against doorway of log cabin
Image# 482: Small lava rock structures or circles in foreground, water body in left middle ground, range of hills with fog in background
Similar to photo #478
Image# 483: Riddle's cave in foot of Gillem's Bluff, just outside the national monument
Looking down on a cave in a rock outcropping surrounded by juniper trees & sagebrush
Image# 484: At the foot of Gillem's Bluff, and west of Gillem's Camp
Rock outcropping in foreground, paved road & telephone pole with juniper trees & sagebrush in middle ground, ridge with juniper trees in background. Photo has water spots
Image# 485: Lava Beds
Rocky hill with a few junipers has a path defined by a line of rocks. Lake with ridge behind it is seen in right background
Image# 486: Lava Beds
Person standing on path on rocky hill with junipers, lake in background. Photo looks like a different place on the path in photo #485
Image# 487: Lava Beds
Close-up of a path on rocky slope with juniper tree and sagebrush. May be a different place on the path in photos #485 & #486
Image# 488: New tourist turnaround and Gillem's Graveyard
Looking down from bluff at highway turnaround & square stone walls of Gillem's graveyard. Photo is labeled #7-E-2, but index # 7-E-5 is correct description
Image# 489: Close-up of Gillem's Graveyard
Looking down from bluff at Gillem's graveyard & paved road; lava beds in middle & buttes in background
Image# 490 A-B: Close-up of new tourist turnaround and Gillem's Graveyard
Looking across turnaround toward graveyard & bluff
Image# 491: Untitled
Image# 492: Gillem's Graveyard
Photo is labeled "Gillem's Graveyard. Muybridge photo. Near is graveyard. Figure is Paul Landrum. Upper left is Howitzer circle. Landrum Photo"
Image# 493: Gillem's Graveyard
Graveyard from a different angle, with bluff behind it. "Look carefully for trail from the top of Gillem's Bluff"
Image# 494: Gillem's Graveyard
Graveyard from a different angle, with cinder road in foreground. "Gillem's Graveyard from the north"
Image# 495 A-D: Gillem's Graveyard
View from Gillem's bluff across lava beds, with paved road in center of photo. "Look carefully -- Gillem's Graveyard. Horizon rt center is Juniper Butte; Farther, and to left is Timber Mtn"
Image# 496: Untitled
Image# 497: Lava Beds
Lava rock with sagebrush & a few junipers on rising ground, with peak in background
Image# 498: Lava Beds
Lava rock with sagebrush & a few junipers on rising ground, with rocky rim in background
Image# 499: Lava Beds
Lava rock ring with brush in foreground, junipers in middle ground & hill in background. Something white is in photo near ring
Image# 500: Lava Beds
Small lava rock structure in left middle ground on brushy flat with hills in background
Image# 501: Lava Beds
Small lava rock structure in left middle ground on brushy flat with butte in background. May be same scene as photo #500 but from different angle
Image# 502: Lava Beds
Man sitting on small lava rock structure in right foreground on brushy flat with butte in background. May be same scene as photos #500 and #501 but from different angle
Image# 503: Lava Beds
Close-up of lava rock outcrop with brush & lava ridge in background
Image# 504: Lava Beds
Sagebrush hummock with lava rock outcrop in foreground, sagebrush-juniper flat in middle ground and long escarpment in background
Image# 505: Lava Beds
Brush in foreground, lava rock outcropping in background
Image# 506: Van Landrum standing at entrance to lava tube
Image# 507: Lava Beds
Brush in foreground, large lava rock outcropping in background
Image# 508: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling). Two human figures visible, possibly more
Image# 509: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling). Very many overlapping figures and symbols in black and white paint are visible
Image# 510: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling). Very many overlapping symbols in black and white paint are visible
This photo may be a continuation of photo #509
Image# 511: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling). Many symbols in black paint are visible
This photo may be a continuation of photo #510
Image# 512: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling)
This is a close-up of two or more symbols in white and black paint
Image# 513: Ferns growing in cave with small rock wall or barrier in foreground, and solid rock wall in background
Image# 514: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling)
This is a close-up of many human figures and symbols in white and black paint
Image# 515: Petroglyphs on rock wall (or ceiling)
This is a close-up of two human stick figures in black paint
Image# 516: Gillem's Camp
Gillem's Camp interpretive sign. Sign appears to be lying on the ground. Aug. 1988
1873
Image# 517: Gillem's Graveyard
Near view of Gillem's Graveyard, with cinder path in right foreground and slope in background. Interpretive sign is visible at corner of graveyard. Aug. 1988
Image# 518: Modoc War Casualties
Close-up of modern sign entitled "Modoc War Casualties". Names listed are of Civilians, Modocs, Volunteers, Warm Springs Scouts, and Soldiers. Aug. 1988
Image# 519: Modoc War Casualties
Closer view of introductory paragraph on sign entitled "Modoc War Casualties". Aug. 1988
Image# 520: Modoc War Casualties
Closer view of sign entitled "Modoc War Casualties" list of Modocs, Volunteers and Warm Springs Scouts names. Scouts names are checked with black ink pen. Aug. 1988
Image# 521: Modoc War Casualties
Closer view of sign entitled "Modoc War Casualties" list of Civilian names. Names are checked with black ink pen. Aug. 1988
Image# 522 A-B: Modoc War Casualties
Closer view of sign entitled "Modoc War Casualties" list of Soldiers names. Names are checked with black ink pen. Aug. 1988
Image# 523: Modoc War Casualties
Closer view of sign entitled "Modoc War Casualties" list of Army units and the campaigns they fought, through the Vietnam War. Aug. 1988
Image# 524 A-B: Lava Beds National Monument
Three people sitting on tailgate of SUV. Two are in National Park Service uniforms, the third may be a Park Service volunteer. Aug. 1988
Image# 525: Lava Beds
Lava rock jumble in foreground, open flat with hummock in middle ground, butte in right background. Aug. 1988
Image# 526: Lava Beds
Looking uphill with lava rock jumble in foreground, open rise in middle ground, small tree on top of hill in background. Aug. 1988
Image# 527: Lava Beds
Close-up of stacked lava rocks in foreground, buttes and ridge in background. Aug. 1988
Image# 528: Lava Beds
Close-up of stacked lava rocks forming barrier. May be same structure as photo #527 but from a different angle & distance. Aug. 1988
Image# 529 A-B: Lava Beds
2 close-ups of stacked lava rock barrier with butte in background. These photos are of the same structure but from a different angle & distance. May be the same structure as photos #527 & 528. Aug. 1988
Image# 530: Lava Beds
Stacked lava rocks on hill in foreground, open juniper-brush flat in middle ground, escarpment in background. Aug. 1988
Image# 531: Lava Beds
Open flat with rock wall in left foreground, line of juniper trees in middle ground, buttes and ridge in background. Oct. 1987. #1-2
Image# 532: Lava Beds
Grassy flat with lava rock in foreground, buttes and ridges in background. Oct. 1987. #1-9
Image# 533: Lava Beds
Paved two-land road in foreground, rock outcropping on ridge in background. Oct. 1987. #1-4
Image# 534: Lava Beds
Grassy flat in foreground, buttes and ridges in background. Oct. 1987. #1-7
Image# 535: Lava Beds
Grassy flat in foreground, large cinder butte in middle ground. Oct. 1987. #1-6
Image# 536: Lava Beds
Open flat in near foreground, line of juniper trees in foreground, buttes and ridge in background. May be closer view of photo #531. Oct. 1987. #1-3
Image# 537: Lava Beds
Paved two-lane road in left foreground, rock outcropping on ridge in background. Same as photo #533 but from different angle. Oct. 1987. #1-5
Image# 538: Lava Beds
Lava rocks and juniper tree in foreground, slope rises to small rock outcropping in middle ground. Aug. 1988
Image# 539: Lava Beds
Close-up of flower (Indian paintbrush?) in lava rocks. Oct. 1987. #1-10
Image# 540: Lava Beds
Open flat with rock outcropping in foreground, line of juniper trees in middle ground, buttes and ridge in background. May be same scene as photo #531 but from closer spot. Oct. 1987. #1-1
Image# 541: Lava Beds
Brushy flat in foreground, lava rock structure in left middle ground, lake in right middle ground, buttes in background. Oct. 1987. #1-11
Image# 542: Lava Beds
Grassy flat in foreground, buttes and ridges in background. Same scene as photo #534 but from closer spot. Oct. 1987. #1-8
Image# 543: Calhoun Hill
Patti Landrum by tombstones & sign at Calhoun Hill, Custer battlefield
Image# 544 A-E: Lincoln's Tomb
Unidentified cemetery with large memorial. 5 photos at different distances. Sep. 1986
Image# 545: Baxter Springs
Van Landrum holding onto "Baxter Springs City Limit" & "Speed Limit 35" signs, small town in background
Image# 546: Quapaw
Van Landrum holding onto "Quapaw" sign, small town in background
Image# 547 A-B: James Tombstones
Tombstones of Luella James (1904-1962) & Clyde James "Chief" (1900-1982)
Image# 548: Shacknasty Tombstone
Tombstone of Jas. Shacknasty (d. 1881)
Image# 549: Lawver Tombstone
Tombstone of William Lawver (d. 1903)
Image# 550: James Tombstone
Tombstone of Clark S. James (1875?-1938)
Image# 551: Denney Tombstone
Tombstone of Geo. Denney (d. 1899)
Image# 552: Clark Tombstone
Tombstone of Sallie Clark (d. 1896)
Image# 553: Smith Tombstone
Tombstone of Shepline Smith (d. 1879?)
Image# 554: Bellm Tombstone
Tombstone of Ruth G. Bellm (1892-1920)
Image# 555: Stanley Tombstone
Tombstone of Etta (1868-1930) & Charles Stanley (1856-no date)
Image# 556: Rock Tombstone
Tombstone of Rock (no surname or date)
Image# 557: Tombstones
Unidentified tombstones (6 in foreground & more behind)
Image# 558: Long Tombstone
Tombstone of James Long (1845-1891). "Youngest Warrior in Modoc War"
Image# 559: Snider Tombstone
Tombstone of Nancy Snider (d. 1903)
Image# 560 A-B: Clinton Tombstones
Tombstones of Horace, son of D.&J. Clinton (1899?-1908) & Hazel, daughter of S.&D. Clinton (1885-1897)
Image# 561: George Tombstone
Tombstone of Lee, son of Long & Betsey George (date obscured)
Image# 562: Lawver Tombstones
Tombstones of Samuel Lawver (d. 1909) & Martha Lawver (d. 1913, age 105 years). "Martha Lawver died at Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma, March 31, 1913, aged 106 [Riddle]"
Image# 563: Crim/Schiffbauer Tombstones
Tombstones of Crim (no surname or date visible) & Winnie Crim Schiffbauer (1883-1946)
Image# 564: Schiffbauer Tombstone
Tombstone of Winnie Crim Schiffbauer (1883-1946). This is a close-up of photo #563
Image# 565: Clinton Tombstone
Tombstone of Augustus C., son of D.&J. Clinton (1890-1907)
Image# 566: Phelps Tombstone
Tombstone of Aunt Jane King Phelps (1766-1886). Inscription says "Godmother-Historian & Medicine Woman of the Ottawa Tribe"
Image# 567: Cemetery with trees (far view)
Image# 568: Crim Tombstones
Tombstone of Crim (same as in photo #563)
Image# 569: Patti Landrum & unidentified woman at cemetery with trees
(may be the same as in photo #567, but different angle)
Image# 570: Cemetery with trees
(Same as #569, but different angle
Image# 571: Modoc Cemetery
Old weathered sign reading "Modoc Cemetery" with arrow pointing right. Paved road & cattle in background
Image# 572: Cemetery with trees, far view
(may be the same as in photo #570, but different angle)
Image# 573: Patti Landrum & unidentified woman at cemetery with trees
Probably the same as #569
Image# 574: Cemetery
Cemetery with unidentified tombstone in rock enclosure with tree; more tombstones in background
Image# 575: Old house & outbuildings in trees, grass in foreground
Possibly associated with cemetery, #569
Image# 576: Hayman Tombstone
Tombstone of Mother, Cora Hayman (1870?-1949)
Image# 577: Patti Landrum & unidentified woman in front of old house
May be same house as in photo #575
Image# 578: Old house (same house as in photo #577) with cemetery in background (may be same cemetery as in photos #567 et seq.)
Image# 579: Unidentified
Red buttes rising off red outcrops in valley floor. Oct. 1986
Image# 580: Unidentified
Looking down into bowl & at cliffs in background; railing in foreground. Oct. 1986
Image# 581: Unidentified
Red soil & scattered brush in foreground, bluffs & hills in background. Oct. 1986
Image# 582: Unidentified
Car stopped on paved road with trunk open (same car as in #569 & #570). Sep. 1986
Image# 607: Rock cave with barrier in front & clothing on ground. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82297
Image# 608: Group of approximately 20 soldiers & civilians, posing both standing & sitting. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82296
Image# 609: Untitled
Image# 610: 4 Native American women sitting in front of soldier tent. Lac-el-es (Long Jim's wife), Martha Mainstake, Me-hu-no-lush (blind) & Sau-kaa-dush. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82290
Image# 611 A-C: The Stronghold
Group of 15 soldiers & civilians seated/standing on rock outcropping in Lava Beds. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82286. "Surgeon J.O. Skinner, Lieut. E.S. Chapin, Capt. H.C. Hasbrouck, Doctor Thomas T. Cabaniss, Capt. James Jackson, Capt. John Mendenhall, Lieut. E.T. Theller, Lieut. W.H. Miller, Major G.J. Lydecker, Lieut. J.G. Kyle, Capt. C.B. Throckmorton, Lieut. H. DeW. Moore, Dr. Sterling, Capt. G.H. Burton, Lieut. J.M. Ross [Riddle]"
Image# 612: Shacknasty Jim's camp
Lava rocks & Native American artifacts (baskets, mats). "Shaknasty Jim's camp in the Lava Beds [Riddle]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82294
Image# 613: Untitled
Image# 614: Untitled
Image# 615 A-D: Gillem's Camp
Part of rock corral in right foreground, with soldiers & tents in middle ground & bluff in background. "Bell tent in background is believed to be General Canby's." "View of Gillem's Bluff from the stone corral of the 1st Cavalry, used briefly as a prison for the Army's sole Modoc prisoner, Long Jim [Dillon]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82301. Muybridge photo #1615
Image# 616: Oliver Applegate & the Riddles
Back row: Capt. Oliver C. Applegate, Toby Riddle, Frank Tazewell Riddle (or ?Tazewell Frank Riddle); middle row: Lac-el-es (Long Jim's wife) & Martha Mainstake ("sister of Betsy Pokumkus, The Wild Girl, Indian name Lauw-Lauw-Waush" [Riddle]); front row: Me-hu-no-lush (blind) & Sau-kaa-dush (same women as in #610). "These four Modoc squaws were prisoners in charge of Captain O.C. Applegate [Riddle]." Taken by Muybridge at Gillem's Camp, 1873
Image# 617: Signal Corps soldiers on hillside with signal flag. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82300
Image# 618 A-B: Soldiers at Gillem's Camp in assembly
Soldiers in formation between picket line & tents, with guns resting on ground. "A company lined up as if prepared for an inspection at Gillem's Camp. Their uniforms are much neater than might be expected because of the low morale [Thompson]." "Cavalry troopers stand at ease at the base of Gillem's Bluff before and advance into the Lava Beds as foot soldiers during the Modoc War [Dillon]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82299
Image# 619: Tents/camp in foreground, lava flats in middle, Tule Lake in left background. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82292
Image# 620: Schonchin Rock
Looking down from Schonchin Rock to soldier camp & lava beds below. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82288
Image# 621: Native American with bowler hat & rifle & white civilian. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82312
Image# 622: Unidentified
Dam spillway overflow in foreground, with ranch buildings in middle & hills in background
Image# 623: Anderson-Rose Dam
Anderson-Rose dam sitting atop Natural Bridge ledge--Lost River. Farm is Randall Pope's NH Boque Place. Landrum photo 1967
Image# 712 A-B: Anthony Lindsay Applegate
Middle-aged man with curled hair & clean-shaven, dressed in wool cape & suit. "Brother to Jesse and Charles; father of Oliver and Ivan"
Image# 713: Six men posed on stagecoach with team of 6 white horses
Image# 714 A-C: View of Lava Bed, looking West, showing Bluff and Van Bremer's Hill in the distance
Soldiers resting in lava beds, Tule Lake in background. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "SB 'stronghold' looking west. Gillem's Bluff visible; Van Brimmer Mtn. (Mt. Dome) faintly visible in left foto. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83689. Heller photo #2518
Image# 715: Untitled
Image# 716: View of Lava Bed, looking South-west
Looking up rocky slope to ridgeline. This is a Stereoscopic View. "Correction -- Looking Northwest, more north than west!" Heller photo #2516
Image# 717 A-D: Battery of howitzers in position in Capt. Jack's stronghold
Soldier standing by howitzer inside lava rock wall/structure. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Howitzer Sec. of Battery A, 4th Art., 2nd Lt. E.S. Chapin, in area near NE corner of Stronghold. 12 lb Mountain Howitzers. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83686. Heller photo #2514
Image# 718 A-B: View of Capt. Jack's stronghold in the Lava Bed, showing Modoc fortification in fore and back grounds, Mount Shasta in the distance, looking South-west
Lava rock structure in foreground, lava beds in middle, Mt. Shasta barely visible in far background. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Looking west; flat top butte @ right horizon is 'Barntop'. Blue sky and white Shasta fuse together. Note tule mat. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83698. Heller photo #2513
Image# 719 A-C: Medicine Flag Rock, where the Medicine Flag floated during the three days' fight
2 soldiers standing on large lava rock. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Jagged far horizon is the Peninsula. Note north end. Note Army tents far left. Looking North of East. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83700. Heller photo #2512
Image# 720 A-C: Capt. Jack's cave, showing Modoc fortifications on top--looking West
Cave entrance in foreground, rock wall on ridgetop. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83703. Heller photo #2511
Image# 721 A-C: Lava Beds
Entrance to lava tube/cave. National Archives, US Signal Corps photos #82558 & #83695
Image# 722 A-E: View of Lava Bed, looking North-east, showing the Modoc fortifications in the background
Looking across lava rock to soldier tents beside lava rock walls/fortifications. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Capt. Jack's cave is just out of bottom of foto; tents are Co B, 21st Infantry, 1st Lt. John M. Ross. Capt. VMC Silva sick. From Palmquist." "Stronghold scene after April 17 investment; tents probably are of 21st Infantry Regiment." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83690 (1 photo is numbered 82554). Heller photo #2519
Image# 723: View of Lava Bed, looking North-west
Looking up lava rock slope. This photo is a Stereoscopic View. "SB 'Stronghold', looking NW. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83703. Heller photo #2520
Image# 724 A-E: View of Lava Bed, looking South-east, showing the spot where the Modocs camped, and to the right the trail by which they escaped from their stronghold
Lava rocks & brush, with bare ground & trail in center of photo. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Escape route agrees w/Dr. Waters and Maj. Hardin, 'Throckmortom Blundered'." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83696 & 82563. Heller photo #2521
Image# 725 A-B: View of Shasta Valley and Mount Shasta, looking South-east
Looking from hilltop down into grassy valley, with prominent rock in right foreground. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "There is no contrast (in black & white) between a bright blue sky (note shadows) and a white Mt. Shasta. From Palmquist." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #83694. Heller photo #2522
Image# 726: View of the town of Yreka, Siskiyou Co., Cal., looking West
Looking down from wooded hillside into town buildings far below; ridges in background. This is a Stereoscopic View. Heller photo #2523
Image# 727: Miner Street, Yreka, Siskiyou County, California
Looking down wide dirt street lined with commercial buildings, flagpoles along street & hillside in background. This is a Stereoscopic View. Heller photo #2524
Image# 728 A-C: Columbus Delano hanged in effigy in Yreka
Same street as photo #727, with men & boys standing under a hanging effigy. "Sec. of Interior Columbus Delano, hanged in effigy in Miner Street, Yreka after Canby assassination." Heller photo #2525
Image# 729 A-C: Soldiers on Jesse Carr ranch at Clear Lake
Soldiers standing by tents & fence in plowed field, ridge in background. "Copy of picture in court house at Alturas: 'Soldiers on Jesse Carr ranch at Clear Lake, 1872-1873'; taken by J.B. Hulse; presented to Alturas Parlor #159, NDGW by Mr. Dick Minard. The foto was taken at the ranch at Malin, not Clear Lake. Photo from Betty Lou Byrne"
1872-1873
Image# 730 A-D: Headquarters on Tule Lake, taken North from Bluff
Soldiers, horses & many tents on shore of shallow lake. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Another view of Gillem's Camp. The row of four bell tents in the foreground undoubtedly represent officers' row. Horses have disturbed the earth along the picket line in front [Thompson]." National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82557. Heller photo #2504
Image# 731: Headquarters on Tule Lake
Soldiers, horses, rock circle & tents on shore of shallow lake. "Muybridge's panorama of Gillem's Camp [Thompson]." "Gillem's Camp, at the southwestern corner of shallow Tule Lake adjacent to the Modoc Lava Beds. Note the round corral of volcanic boulders built by the 1st Cavalry for its mounts [Dillon]." In panorama, photo #731 is between photos #260 & #261. National Archives, US Signal Corps photo #82281. Muybridge photo
Image# 732: Untitled
Image# 733: Gillem's Camp/Camp Lava Beds
Many buildings in military style near large lake--compare with photo # 734. "Gillem's Camp/Camp Lava Beds. Built in 1934. (Orient with Howitzer Circle)." CCC camp
Image# 734: Gillem's Camp/Camp Lava Beds
Howitzer circle in large open space near large lake--compare with photo #733; no buildings can be seen. "Gillem's Camp/Camp Lava Beds. 1984 photograph. (Orient with Howitzer Circle)"
Image# 735: Sam Fleener
White-haired man with hat, holding small black & white dog on his lap
Image# 736: The snow covered incline of Gillem's Bluff
Hillside after light snowfall with lava rock wall on hilltop
Image# 737 A-B: Howitzer Circle
Two views of Howitzer Circle after light snowfall, looking from hillside toward lake. "Gillem's camp site under a cover of snow; 'Howitzer Circle' shows clearly"
Image# 738: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
Paved road, kiosk, van, lava beds & lake after light snowfall. (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 739: Soldier's graveyard
Looking down on paved road & soldier's graveyard after light snowfall
Image# 740: Hillside after light snowfall with lava rock wall visible on top of hill
Image# 741: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
Slope in foreground, river & flat in middle, escarpment in background; after light snowfall
Image# 742: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
View of lava beds after light snowfall (far view of photo #741). (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 743 A-B: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
Lava rock wall at top of slope; after light snowfall. (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 744: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
Path or slot going up slope in lava rock; after light snowfall. (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 745: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
View of lava beds after light snowfall. (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 746: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
Lava rock structures after light snowfall. (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 747: Captain Jack's Stronghold under a cover of snow
View of lava beds after light snowfall. (The war ran from 29 Nov to 1 June)
Image# 748: Tule Lake
Lava beds & Tule Lake with ridges in background; after light snowfall. "Has old Tule Lake returned? Center height is Sheepy Peak"
Image# 749: Lava Beds
Lava rock structures/outcrops after light snowfall; loaf-shaped mountain in background
Image# 750: Mount Dome
Lava rock structure after light snowfall; loaf-shaped mountain in background. "In Captain Jack's Stronghold, looking west to Mount Dome"
Image# 751: Hospital Rock
Young man standing in lava rock structure (different view of photo #750). "Near Hospital Rock with snow cover. Figure is Paul Landrum"
Image# 752: Louis Herman Heller (1839-1928)
Young man posed in studio with hat on pedestal. Portrait is labeled: "Plate 2. Louis Herman Heller (1839-1928). Photograph taken July, 1861, probably" (the rest is cut off)
Image# 753 A-B: Lava Bed, looking South-east
Looking down into brushy flat; tall rock outcrop in right foreground, buttes in background. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #83697. Heller photo #2501
Image# 754 A-D: Lava Bed, looking East, showing Soldier's Cemetery
Looking down on rectangular rock enclosure with gate. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #83699. Heller photo #2502. "Gillem's Graveyard." "The rock wall, but not the gateposts, still stands, although rebuilt many times [Thompson]"
Image# 755 A-G: Headquarters and Bluff, view taken from beyond picket line, looking North-west
2 soldiers (1 has bugle, 1 has rifle) moving through brushy, rocky flat some distance in front of many tents & bluff. 1 photo is Stereoscopic View. "Posed: Gillem's Camp with bugler and cavalryman. Rifle looks like a Henry." "Trumpeter and rifleman at southeastern outskirts of Gillem's Camp. New call: H..." National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #82564 & #83693. Heller photo #2505
Image# 756 A-B: Tule Lake and Soldiers' camp
Looking down on soldier's camp & Tule Lake with large rock outcrop in foreground. National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #82302
Image# 757: Untitled
Image# 758: Soldiers' cemetery (?)
Flimsy wooden cross surrounded by grass & brush, inside lava rock wall
Image# 760: Untitled
Image# 761: Untitled
Image# 762: Lt. Lorenzo Lorain
Young man in uniform, with light hair & beard. Oregon Historical Society Neg. No 11123
Image# 763 A-B: Young man in uniform, with light hair & beard (may be Lorenzo Lorain, same person as #762, but this is uncertain)
Image# 764 A-B: Middle-aged(?) soldier with uniform & cap, beard & mustache, posed standing with sword
Image# 765: Middle-aged man with curly hair, full sideburns & mustache, in uniform
Image# 766 A-B: Young man in uniform, with light hair & beard (may be Lorenzo Lorain, same person at #762 & #763, but this is uncertain)
Image# 767: Young man with full beard in dress coat
Image# 768: Older man with white hair & beard, in suit & tie
Image# 769: Lindsay Applegate's sons
4 older men with white hair leaning on old auto. "Klamath Indians: Lindsay Applegate's sons, about 1910 or so: Oliver C. with Spanish American War hat (not his); Lucien Applegate, the Swan Lake valley cattleman (Edgewood ranch); Jesse A. Applegate, lived on US 395 south of Lakeview; Ivan D. Applegate, the Swan Lake valley sheep man"
Image# 770: Untitled
Image# 771: Jesse D. Carr
Older man with white hair & beard, in suit, vest & tie. "Jesse Douglas Carr, about 1895. DeVere Helfrich Photocopy, 30 Oct 72"
Image# 772 A-B: Man in stetson hat & glasses (may be Van Landrum) kneeling in cave entrance, looking at ground
Image# 773: Untitled
Image# 774: Outlet & spillway of dam with houses & barn in middle & ridge in right background
Image# 775 A-B: Big Sand Butte as seen from Mason's fortifications
Sage & juniper flat with butte & ridges in background
Image# 776 A-C: Big Sand Butte, 'end' view
Sagebrush flat with ridge in background
Image# 777: Young man in small fortified hole in lavas, long ridge in background
Image# 778 A-B: Stone fort built by Hasbrouck's Battery B at foot of Big Sand Butte
Scott Warren near small fortified lava circle, road in middle, ridge in background
Image# 779 A-B: Stone fort built by Hasbrouck's Battery B at foot of Big Sand Butte
Same as #778, but slightly different pose. (Can't find number in index)
Image# 780: Foreground: Juniper Butte & Big Sand Butte; background is Glass Mountain
Juniper-sage flat, 2 small buttes in middle, ridges in background
Image# 781 A-B: Big Sand Butte, 'side' view
Dirt road, sagebrush flat, butte in middle & ridges in background
Image# 782: Untitled
Image# 783 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Small lava rock wall
Image# 784: Untitled
Image# 785 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Long wall built of lava rocks, Scott Warren behind wall
Image# 786 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Long wall built of lava rocks (may be same place as photo #785)
Image# 787 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Close-up of lava rock circle & lavas, Bill Burk inside (may be same place as #785)
Image# 788 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock wall in sagebrush flat with ridge in background
Image# 789 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Long wall built of lava rocks with Scott Warren inside & Bill Burk (?) outside (may be same place as photo #785)
Image# 790 A-B: Stone fort built by Hasbrouck's Battery B at foot of Big Sand Butte
Close-up of lava rock wall with hole (gun port)
Image# 791 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure (part natural, part constructed) in sagebrush flat, buttes in background
Image# 792 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Close-up of lava rock structure with Bill Burk standing inside
Image# 793 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Close-up of lava rock structure on sagebrush flat
Image# 794 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Long wall built of lava rocks with Scott Warren inside & Bill Burk (?) outside (same as #789, different pose)
Image# 795 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Short lava rock wall with buttes & ridge in background
Image# 796 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structures with Bill Burk inside
Image# 797 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock wall by dead juniper tree with Bill Burk standing beside
Image# 798 A-B: (Can't find index listing)
Lava rock circle wall with Bill Burk inside
Image# 799 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock wall by dead juniper tree with Bill Burk inside & buttes in background
Image# 800 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure with Van Landrum inside
Image# 801 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure with Bill Burk inside
Image# 802 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure with Van Landrum inside (same place as #800, close-up)
Image# 803 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure with Bill Burk inside (same place as #801, close-up & different angle)
Image# 804 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Small lava rock wall (same place as #783, different angle)
Image# 805: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Close-up of lava rock structure
Image# 806: N/A
Image# 807 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Long lava rock wall on sagebrush flat with buttes & ridges in background
Image# 808 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure with Bill Burk inside & Scott Warren (?) walking away (may be same place as #801, different angle)
Image# 809 A-B: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock structure
Image# 810 A-C: Primitive embrasure in defense structure built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Large lava rocks that look like archway/portal
Image# 811: Defense structures built by Maj. Mason's command and never used
Lava rock circle structure, butte in background
Image# 812 A-B: Col. George B. Currey
Younger man in uniform with lots of dark curly hair & beard. "Paiute Country: Col. George B. Currey (not like in Curry county). Command of troops in field against Paiutes in the 1861-1865 era." "Ore Vol Cav"
Image# 813 A-C: Middle-aged man with short beard & mustache, in frock coat & fancy tie (Fremont?)
Image# 814: Younger man with dark hair, beard, mustache, in suit & cravat tie
Image# 815: Middle-aged man with balding head, mustache & goatee, in suit & cravat tie
Image# 816: Untitled
Image# 817 A-B: Older man with graying hair & beard, in uniform. Photos are both grainy, not exactly the same
Image# 818: Theodore Talbot
Very grainy blow-up of drawing of younger man in uniform, with dark hair & mustache
Image# 850 A-B: Restored Fort Klamath Guard House
Log building in grassy area, chainlink fence in middle, ridge in background. "Restored Fort Klamath Guard House, 7/22/88"
Image# 851 A-B: Modoc Indian Graves
4 wooden tombstones behind concrete barrier & chain; chainlink fence in middle & houses, ridges in background. Tombstones read "Capt. Jack, Schonchiss, Black Jim, Boston Charlie, Executed Oct 3, 1873". "Modoc Indian Graves. Fort Klamath Park, 7/22/88"
Image# 876 A-B: "The Stone Bridge" sign
Memorial plaque commemorating 15 pioneers who crossed the Lost River at this point on 7/6/1846. Oct. 1986
Image# 877: Looking out from cave entrance at several land/rock formations jutting out of lake
Image# 878: Van Landrum & Frank Ganong
2 men standing by van & small motorboat, beside lake. "Paiute Country: Van Landrum and Frank Ganong on the west shore of Pyramid Lake near Sutcliffe, Memorial Day, 1967"
Image# 879: Calcareous tufa
Man standing by large rock(?) with rock ledge in background. "Paiute Country: A large formation of calcareous tufa, which appears as a broken pine cone. 1967"
Image# 880 A-B: Spinks Resort
Looking across lake toward tent cabins, forested ridge in background
Image# 881: Prisoner Rock, southerly portion of the Peninsula
View of open, grassy ground in foreground, field in middle, ridge in background
Image# 882: Modoc Graves
Wooden crosses in grassy area, marking Modoc graves at Fort Klamath. Boston Charley's cross appears to be broken & short. Wooden fence is in middle & ridges in background
Image# 883: A sketch or painting of (probably) Fort Klamath buildings & fence
Image# 884: Modoc Graves
3 of the 4 headstones at Fort Klamath (wooden markers, wood fence & army buildings visible)
Image# 885: Untitled
Image# 886: Untitled
Image# 887: Klamath Indian Agency
Row of white houses with grassy lawns, under large trees. "Klamath Indians: Employees' residences at Klamath Indian Agency. Far building is the headquarters building"
Image# 888: Untitled
Image# 929: Klamath Lake Treaty
Reverse color photo of signatures. "Signature page of Klamath Lake Treaty of October 14, 1864. Modoc Chiefs at upper left. Courtesy National Archives"
Image# 930: Older man with grey hair in uniform, with epaulets on shoulders & sash around waist
Image# 931: Older man with graying hair swept forward, clean shaven, in uniform with high collar
Image# 932: Portly middle-aged man with dark beard, thinning hair, in elaborate uniform & holding fancy Prussian-looking helmet. Credit National Archives 111-SC-90002
Image# 933 A-B: William Cameron McKay, M.D
Grainy photo of younger man with dark hair in suit & bow tie. "William Cameron McKay, M.D. Delivered Mom's older brother, Fred, in Pendleton, 1887 (FSL). Interpreter at Great Treaty of Klamath Lake 1864." See also photo #177
Image# 934: Maj. Gen. John Mc Schofield
Middle-aged man with beard & thinning hair, in uniform with 2 shoulder stars. "U.S. Signal Corps photo No. 111-B-2722 (Brady collection) in the National Archives"
Image# 935: 1st Lt. William L. Sherwood
Younger man with light hair & mustache, in uniform with braided buttons & cravat tie (cadet?)
Image# 936: Untitled
Image# 937: Sydney Wentworth Taylor
Younger man with light hair & receding hairline, in dress uniform with lots of braiding
Image# 938: Northern California
Detail map of Rhett & Lower Klamath Lakes, Shasta Butte, Pitt River, Lassen Butte & Trinity Mountains from Pacific Railroad Survey, commanded by1st Lt Robert S. Williamson
Image# 939: Walter Howe
Young man with light hair, in cadet's uniform. "1st Lt., 4th Artillery, Battery K; vice Evan Thomas. U.S. Military Archives. 17 Jun 67." "1 Lt A, 4 Art"
Image# 940: Untitled
Image# 941: Unidentified
Young man with very long sideburns, mustache, dark hair; in military uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 942: Garrett J. Lydecher (Lydecker)
Young man in cadet's uniform. "Captain Engineers -- made maps. USMA Class of 1864. U.S. Military Academy Archives, 13 Jun '64"
Image# 943: Captain Marcus Peter Miller
Older man with graying hair & mustache, in very plain military uniform & cap. Collar of uniform shows "U.S.V." National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #111-SC-90506. "Capt E, 4 Art"
Image# 944: William Haven (or Hazen) Miller
Young man in dress cadet's uniform, holding feathered helmet. "2nd Lt., Troop F, 1st Cavalry (Capt. Perry's). Class of 1872 -- U.S. Military Academy Archives, 14 Jun 72"
Image# 945: Henry McElderry
Middle-aged man with graying goatee, in pillbox hat, suit & bow tie. "Doctor Henry J. McElderry, Asst. Surgeon. Head of medical department at Fort Klamath during the trial and execution of the Modoc Indian prisoners [Landrum]." National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #111-SC-83650. "Capt. AS"
Image# 946 A-C: Frank Wheaton
Younger man with dark hair, mustache & goatee, wearing military uniform with shoulder insignia, military cross on chest. Back of photos says: "Lt. colonel, Brevet Major General -- 21st Infantry Regiment." -- "Civil War photo; C.O. @ 17 Jan Lava Beds battle (1st)." -- "Wheaton was the C.O. of Camp Warner &District of Lakes when McCarthy passed through. Commander of the Modoc Expedition through the First Stronghold battle"
Image# 947 A-B: Lost River Murders (1st version)
3 Modoc men with short hair, in work clothes. Two group photos by L. Heller have this title; this group includes Curly Headed Doctor, Weium, and unknown, possibly Slolux; "no (not Slolux); Peter Schonchin. Louis Heller photo. From the original at Siskiyou County Museum"
Image# 948: Canby Funeral
Lithograph of mourners filing past open coffin. From Freida White Terry
Image# 949 A-B: Bogus Charley
Native American man with short hair, wearing handkerchief around neck. Heller photo; from Palmquist. "Bogus Charley, Modoc warrior. The reason he was called Bogus is, he was always telling jokes on the people. He died on the train while en route to see his sister, at Walla Walla, Wash., 1881 [Riddle]"
Image# 950 A-B: Younger man with dark, curly hair & sideburns, standing in studio pose next to piano, in uniform with shoulder epaulets & sword, feathered hat on table
Image# 951: Middle-aged man with light hair & mustache, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 952: Wm. T. Hamilton
Older man with white hair, scowling face, dressed in suit, vest & tie
Image# 953: Ivan Decatur Applegate
Older man with white hair & mustache, seated in ornate chair, dressed in suit, vest & tie. "Ivan Decatur Applegate as an old man. Built 2nd house south of Dr. Stearns on Pac. Terr"
Image# 954: Ivan Decatur Applegate
Young man with short hair in uniform
Image# 955: Very dark & grainy photo of older man with grey hair & mustache, in uniform
Image# 956: Untitled
Image# 957: 2nd Lt. Edward Silas Chapin
Young man with dark hair in cadet's uniform. "4th Artillery. I think 2nd Lt. to Evan Thomas, Batt A; Erwin thinks Batt. E, Capt. Marcus Miller. U.S. Military Academy Archives, 15 Jun 70"
Image# 958 A-B: First Lieut Arthur Cranston, Fourth Artillery Regiment
Young soldier with light hair in cadet's uniform. "1 Lt, M, 4 Art"
Image# 959: Native Americans surrounding a casket; 1 man is holding beaded & fringed gloves and praying over casket
Image# 960 A-B: Steamboat Frank
Modoc man with slightly deformed eyes & short hair, in workman's shirt & bone necklace. Photo by Louis Heller at Peninsula camp, June 1873. "Steamboat Frank, a Modoc warrior. Indian name Slat-us-locks, meaning sitting down clumsily. Died in Oakland, Maine, 1885, while studying for the ministry under the auspices of the Society of Friends [Riddle]"
Image# 961: Young man with light hair in cadet's uniform
Image# 962 A-B: Schonchin and Jack
2 Modoc men with short hair, standing chained together, dressed in working clothes & caps. L. Heller photo
Image# 963: Untitled
Image# 964 A-C: Captain Jack's Family
3 seated Modoc women & young girl. "Captain Jack's family: Young wife, Lizzie; sister, called both Queen Mary and Princess Mary; old wife, Rebecca; front: Rosie, daughter of Capt. Jack and Rebecca. Rose Jack's small headstone in the Modoc cemetery in Modoc Prairie, Oklahoma, is the oldest marked grave and is dated 1874, the year following exile. Considerable evidence exists that Lizzie is buried at Paiute Cemetery"
Image# 965: Captured Modocs
9 men, 8 women, 4 children in group photo; most are Modoc Indians. Label on photo identifies: Hooker Jim, Shaknasty Jim, Scarface Charley, Little Ike or Dave, Old Wife Capt. Jack, Young wife Lizzie, Ole, James Charlie, Ellen Scarface
1800s
Image# 966: Middle-aged man with very long sideburns, dark hair & eyeglasses, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 967 A-C: Lost River Murderers (2nd version)
3 Modoc men seated, chained together, dressed in workman's clothes & blanket. Two group photos by L. Heller have this title; this group includes Curly Haired Jack, Black Jim, and possibly Buckskin Doctor "or Barncho, or Slolux". "Curley Haired Jack, who killed himself while a prisoner, on the left. Weium, William Faithfull, Modoc warrior, in the middle. Buckskin Doctor, Cho-ocks, Modoc warrior, on the right. Notice the shackles on their legs [Riddle]." From the original at Siskiyou County Museum. L.Heller photo #82310. See also photos #24, 1090 & 1094. #130
Image# 968: Untitled
Image# 969: Untitled
Image# 970: Untitled
Image# 971: Untitled
Image# 972: One-Eyed Mose
Modoc man with blue eye & brown eye, short hair, workman's shirt. Husband of One-Eyed Dixie. L. Heller photo
Image# 973: Modoc Squaws
3 Modoc women sitting, in dresses & blanket shawls. Queen Mary; Artinie; One-Eyed Dixie. L. Heller photo from Palmquist
Image# 974: Untitled
Image# 975: Applegate & Riddle
2 white men & 5 Modoc women in front of tents & bluff. Back row: left: Capt. O.C. Applegate -- ctr: Toby Riddle (Wi-ne-mah) -- rt rear: Frank Riddle; middle row: Lac-el-es, Long Jim's wife; Martha Mainstake, rt: Front: L. Me-hu-no-lush (blind); ctr. Front: Sau-kaa-dush. Gillem's Camp 1873 -- Photographer E. Muybridge. National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #88781
Image# 976: Untitled
Image# 977: Untitled
Image# 978: Canby Funeral Cortege
Many people line the street, watching a horse-drawn hearse & procession. Label says "Oregon--the funeral of the late General Canby--the cortege. After leaving the armory, on its way to Portland cemetery--from a photo by Bechtel (sp) & Stoate (sp) of Portland, Oregon." From Frieda White Terry
Image# 979: Untitled
Image# 980: Donald McKay and Jack's Capturers
3 Native American men seated, 2 in traditional garb & 1 in plaid shirt & tie. "Warm Springs Scouts. Left--Toplash; ctr--Donald McKay; rt--Winnishett. Henry Applegate, Charles Putnam & old soldier James Shay of Trimble's Troop H, 1st Cavalry, are Capt. Jack's capturers"
Image# 981: Untitled
Image# 982: Donald McKay & 4 Warm Springs scouts
5 Native American men around large boulder, in front of army tents (Gillem's Camp?). National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #82283
Image# 983: Untitled
Image# 984: Doctor Thomas T. Cabaniss
Older man with grey/white hair & full beard, dressed in suit, vest, tie. "Doctor Thomas T. Cabaniss, contract surgeon. Ministered to the needs of the Modoc Indian prisoners during the trial and execution period. #175
Image# 985: Alfred B. Meacham lyceum tour
3 Modoc men dressed in costume, posing with Riddles. "Modoc Indians and others with the Alfred B. Meacham lyceum tour, 1875. Seated, Jeff Riddle. L to R: Shacknasty Jim, Steamboat Frank, T.F. Riddle, Toby (Wi-ne-ma) Riddle, ScarFaced Charley. Displayed Indian apparel is non-typical and decorative"
1875
Image# 986 A-C: Shacknasty Jim
Modoc man with short hair, white shirt. Shacknasty Jim, Modoc Indian. Photo taken at Boyle's Peninsula Camp, o/a June 5, 1873. Courtesy Lava Beds National Monument. Louis Heller photograph"
Image# 987: Untitled
Image# 988: Untitled
Image# 989: Lt. Col. Henry Cornelius Hasbrouck
Middle-aged man with short graying hair & mustache, in uniform with braid on shoulders. "As Com. Of Cadets, USMA--1884. U.S. Military Academy Archives, 6 May 61." "Capt B, 4 Art" "Commanded escort taking Modoc Indian exiles to Fort D.A. Russell [Landrum]"
Image# 990: Untitled
Image# 991: Oscar Long
Grainy photo of older man with gray/white hair & mustache, in military uniform
Image# 992: Untitled
Image# 993 A-C: Schonchin and Jack
2 Modoc men with short hair, seated; Jack is in striped shirt, Schonchin in army overcoat. "Captain Jack and Schonchin John, Louis Heller photo taken at Peninsula Camp after the capture. From the original in the Siskiyou County Museum." -- "Original negative reversed: note Jack's hair and Schonchin buttons. cf: Capt Jack I; from Palmquist"
Image# 994: Untitled
Image# 995 A-B: Jefferson C. Davis
Middle-aged man with full beard, light hair, in uniform with shoulder insignia. From Library of Congress collections. LC-88172(?); 2 021; 3 658
Image# 996: Young man with light hair & beard in plain uniform, no rank displayed
Image# 997: Oliver C. Applegate
Older man with short hair & graying beard, in suit & tie
Image# 998: James Rockwell, Jr
Young man with dark hair in cadet's uniform, with black armband. "2nd Lt. 1st Cavalry Reg. adjutant 1 Feb 1872 to 31 Aug 1874. Aide to Gillem @ Lava Beds. U.S. Military Academy Archives, 15 Jun 1870." "First Lieutenant James Rockwell. Jr., First Cavalry Regiment." "Capt 1 Cav ADC Gil"
Image# 999: Untitled
Image# 1000 A-B: Joel Graham Trimble
Older man with white hair & beard, dressed in suit. "Captain, Brevet Major -- CO, Troop H, 1st Cavalry Regiment. He was McCarthy's commanding officer. Gillem kept him as perennial camp guard. He accepted surrender of Capt. Jack on 1 June 73 (from Brady)"
Image# 1001: Untitled
Image# 1002 A-C: Jefferson C. Davis
Middle-aged man with Stetson hat, graying beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia. Photo caption says: "Jeff C. Davis commanded the 14th Corps." "Colonel, Brevet Major General, 23rd Infantry Regiment"
Image# 1003: General Jefferson C. Davis
Looks like an original photo of middle-aged man with full beard, seated, hand in uniform coat with shoulder insignia. Photograph has been removed from backing & is badly torn & almost ½ missing. "In charge of troops at the end of Modoc War. One of the officers at Fort Sumpter April 12 1861"
Image# 1004: Middle-aged man with full beard, hand in uniform coat with shoulder insignia. Similar to photo #1003, may be Jefferson Davis
Image# 1005: Major General William Selby Harney
Older man with white hair & beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia. "Major General William Selby Harney. Was in command in the Puget Sound area at the time of the 'Pig War'. Left his name on Harney County and Camp Harney." "Brigadier General, USAS"
Image# 1006: Untitled
Image# 1007: Captain Jack's cave
Soldiers near cave and rock wall on top of ridge. "Captain Jack's cave. Stone wall is 'Modoc built'. One figure is 1st Lt. John M. Ross, 21st Inf. Stereo photo by Eadweard Muybridge." "Capt. Jack's stronghold in the Lava Beds. Notice the Modoc rock fortifications [Riddle]"
Image# 1008 A-B: Major E. C. Mason
Middle-aged man with graying hair & beard, in plain uniform with ribbon medal on coat. 1 photo was removed from backing and is torn & has hole missing from it; "Signal Corps U.S. Army" is embossed on this photo
Image# 1009: Untitled
Image# 1010 A-C: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charley Hawkins (now deceased) in period uniform. Near: 12th mtn. howitzer (SF Presidio); far: 24# Coehorn mortar (Lava Beds Nat'l Monument)
28 March 1988
Image# 1011: First Lieutenant Arthur M. Harris
Young man in cadet's uniform. "Battery K, Fourth Artillery Regt. On May 12, 1873, died of wounds received in the ambush of Captain Evan Thomas. Courtesy The Library, U.S. Military Academy"
Image# 1012: Untitled
Image# 1013: Untitled
Image# 1014: Untitled
Image# 1015: Donald McKay
Middle-aged man in plaid shirt, coat & hat, seated with rifle across body. "Carries Sharps, single shot rifle." National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #82284
Image# 1016 A-B: George Wright
Older man with gray/white hair in uniform with shoulder insignia. "Brig. Gen. USA"
Image# 1017: Older man with white beard & plain uniform, 'pillbox' cap
Image# 1019: Triple photograph of posed military officer with dark hair & full beard, beside table & chair. Library of Congress collections #LC-B814-1861; 5823
Image# 1020: Untitled
Image# 1022: George Robert (or Rogers) Bacon
Young man with light eyes in cadet's uniform, with hand on chest. "2nd Lt., 1st Cavalry Troop K; USMA Class of 1869. U.S. Military Academy Archives, 15 June 69
Image# 1023: Capt. George Hall Burton
Middle-aged man with light hair & mustache, in uniform with lots of gold braid. "Captain George Hall Burton, Twenty First Infantry Regiment." "From Brady; Capt. Company C, 21st Infantry all during Modoc War"
Image# 1024 A-E: Major John Green
Middle-aged man in uniform with lots of gold braid, with dark hair, slight graying in mustache & goatee. 1st Cavalry Regiment; Medal of Honor
Image# 1025: Harry DeWitt Moore
Young man with light, curly hair, in cadet's uniform & cap. "2nd Lt. 21st Infantry Company A (Silvers); CO was 1st Lt. John M. Ross. Later (10 May 73) killed @ Fort Klamath. Class of 1872. U.S. Military Academy Archives, 14 Jun 72." "2 Lt. B 21 Inf"
Image# 1026: John Gowdy Kyle
Young man in cadet's uniform, leaning on blanket. "2nd Lt. Troop G, 1st Cavalry Regiment (Capt. Bernard's). U.S. Military Academy Archives, 15 Jun 1870"
Image# 1027: Untitled
Image# 1028: Henry Cornelius Hasbrouck
Young man in cadet's uniform. "Capt., Battery B (mounted), 4th Artillery. U.S. Military Academy Archives, May 61"
Image# 1029: Untitled
Image# 1033: Untitled
Image# 1034: Middle-aged man with full beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Middle-aged man with full beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1035: Natural Bridge
River & dam in foreground; barn, corrals & 2 children in middle ground; houses, power poles & bluff in background. "Natural Bridge on Lost River, CA, early 1900s"
Image# 1036: John McAllister Schofield
"Commander of the Army of the Frontier and of the Department and Army of the Ohio"
Image# 1037: Captain James Jackson
Portly middle-aged man with thinning hair & full beard, posing in uniform with lots of braid & holding decorated military helmet. "Commander at Battle on Lost River, Nov. 29, 1972 (sic-1872)." Photo has been torn from backing and is in poor condition; right side is torn & missing. "Capt. James Jackson, Troop B., 1st Cavalry. Fought in all Modoc war battles except one. Fisher Collection [Landrum]"
Image# 1033: Untitled
Image# 1034: Middle-aged man with full beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Middle-aged man with full beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1035: Natural Bridge
River & dam in foreground; barn, corrals & 2 children in middle ground; houses, power poles & bluff in background. "Natural Bridge on Lost River, CA, early 1900s"
Image# 1036: John McAllister Schofield
"Commander of the Army of the Frontier and of the Department and Army of the Ohio"
Image# 1037: Captain James Jackson
Portly middle-aged man with thinning hair & full beard, posing in uniform with lots of braid & holding decorated military helmet. "Commander at Battle on Lost River, Nov. 29, 1972 (sic-1872)." Photo has been torn from backing and is in poor condition; right side is torn & missing. "Capt. James Jackson, Troop B., 1st Cavalry. Fought in all Modoc war battles except one. Fisher Collection [Landrum]"
Image# 1039: Frowning man with mustache, dressed in suit & tie
Image# 1040: Middle-aged man with receding hairline & full beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1041: 1 page of hand-written document regarding controversy about Kilgore & General Wright (color reversed)
1 page of hand-written document regarding controversy about Kilgore & General Wright (color reversed)
Image# 1042: 1 page of hand-written letter dated 7/19/1866 regarding hiring a farmer (for reservation?) by W. V. Rinehart
Image# 1043: Young man with light hair & mustache, dressed in suit & tie
Image# 1044: 1st page of hand-written letter from Ashland Mills, Oregon, dated 10/31/1865 regarding Sub-Agents treaty attempts with "Horrlock" (or "Howlock")
Image# 1045: Another page of a letter complaining about Col. Drew & supply contracts (color reversed--probably goes with #1041)
Image# 1046: Another page of a letter of complaint (color reversed--probably goes with #1041)
Image# 1047: Another page of a letter of complaint regarding a "Post in the Klamath Lake region" (color reversed--probably goes with #1041)
Image# 1048: Middle-aged man with dark hair & beard in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1049: Man with long hair & open collar, probably Native American
Image# 1050: Middle-aged man with dark hair & white sideburns, in uniform with shoulder epaulets; standing in studio pose with sword
Image# 1051: Brig. Gen. Edw. Richard Sprigg Canby
Middle-aged man sitting in studio pose, wearing uniform with shoulder insignia. "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper." Lithograph from Frieda White Terry
Image# 1052: Young man with dark hair, beard, mustache, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1053: Older man with white hair & beard, posed in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1054: Albion P. Howe
Man with messy light hair & mustache, in uniform with shoulder insignia. "Albion P. Howe, Leader of the Light Division at the Storming of Marye's Heights, May 3, 1863"
Image# 1055: Man with close-cropped hair & full beard, in uniform with sash across chest
Image# 1056: Old photo, not sharp, of many ranch buildings in foreground, bluff in background
Image# 1057: Untitled
Image# 1058 A-B: Peter McCarthy Schonchin and wife
Older couple with white hair, standing together & dressed in Sunday clothes. "Peter McCarthy Schonchin and wife. Modoc Indians returned from exile in Oklahoma"
Image# 1059: Reuben Frank Bernard
Older man with white hair & heavy white beard, in uniform with lots of gold braid. "Shown as field grade; was Capt., Troop G, 1st Cavalry during Modoc War"
Image# 1060: Donald McKay
Close-up of McKay in plaid shirt. National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #83701. Muybridge photo #1622
Image# 1061: Untitled
Image# 1062: Untitled
Image# 1063: Burk photo
Many stacked lava rock formations on brushy slope. "Photocopy of the 'Burk Photo'"
Image# 1064: Untitled
Image# 1065: Untitled
Image# 1066: Untitled
Image# 1067: Lt. Col W. L. Elliott
Middle-aged man with dark hair & beard, in uniform with lots of gold braid, holding decorated military helmet & sword. "Washington Lafayette Elliott, 1st Cavalry. Not in war. Came from Benicia to serve as president of Military Commission"
Image# 1068: John A. Fairchild
Older man with white hair & beard, in suit & tie
Image# 1069: B/G Edward Richard Sprigg Canby
Middle-aged man with short hair, clean-shaven, in uniform with shoulder insignia. "Lithograph in circulation was taken from this portrait
Image# 1070: George Hall Burton
Young man in cadet's uniform, overcoat & cap. "Captain, Co. C, 21st Infantry. USMA Class of 1865. U.S. Military Academy Archives, June 65"
Image# 1071: Untitled
Image# 1072: 1st Lt. George Gordon Greenough
Young man in cadet's uniform. "Battery G, 4th Artillery (Mendenhall's). U. S. Military Academy Archives, 23 Jun 65"
Image# 1073: 1st Lt. Wm. Henry Boyle
Middle-aged man with beard, in uniform with lots of gold braid. "First Lieutenant William Henry Boyle, Twenty First Infantry Regiment." "From Brady; was AAQM for Wheaton, Gillem & Davis. Capt. Barton's CoC, 21st Inf." "1 Lt C 21 Inf"
Image# 1074: Henry Blowe
Native American man with white hair, detail from group photo. "Henry Blowe; Klamath father and Modoc mother; treaty signer; slave trader; stole Modoc rails in spring 1869"
Image# 1075: Chief Moghenkasgket
Klamath father and Modoc mother; treaty signer; lived at spring and creek east of Beatty. Became Dick Brown
Image# 1076: Pete "Stak-it-ut"
Chocktoot, Yahooskin Snake Indian; son of treaty signer
Image# 1077: Capt. Jack's cave in Willow Creek Canyon
"About 50-100 feet to right is capture site. Photo: Dr. Garrett Smathers, Chief Scientist, US Natl Parks. 1964 foto"
Image# 1078: Remains of Officers' Quarters
New Camp Warner, 1962 -- Standard log corner joint. Van Landrum with stringer
Image# 1079: New Camp Warner
1872
Image# 1080: New Camp Warner location
1962 photo by Van Landrum
Image# 1081: Untitled
Image# 1082: Younger man with full, dark beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia and military cap, standing in studio pose with sword
Image# 1083: Two men in light suits; 1 standing has short hair, clean shaven, unbuttoned coat; 1 sitting has full dark beard, cape & hat. May be former Confederate uniforms
Image# 1084: Winema Riddle
Middle-aged woman with long, flowing dark hair, dressed in wool blanket (?), with beaded necklace & earrings. See also photos #28, #29 & #185. "This photo was taken in Washington, D.C., 1875 [Riddle]"
Image# 1085: Untitled
Image# 1086 A-G: Mt. Pitt, Klamath River & Upper Klamath Lake, from Camp 30
Illustration from Pacific Railroad Surveys
Image# 1087 A-H: Upper Klamath Lake from Camp 28
Illustration from Pacific Railroad Surveys
Image# 1088: Close-up of middle-aged man with short, graying hair & mustache, in uniform with shoulder insignia
Image# 1089: Republic of Mexico
Photo of plaque under flagpole reading in part, "Mexico's northern boundary was where you are not standing. This is the 1823 flag of the Republic of Mexico"
Image# 1090: Curly Haired Jack
Modoc man with short, dark hair. This oval photo is a detail reproduction from photos #24 & 967
Image# 1091: Untitled
Image# 1092: Younger man with full beard, dark curly hair, wearing suit & bow tie; oval portrait
Image# 1093: Older man in uniform with medal (ribbon), short grey hair, mustache & beard. Oval portrait; original photo was torn
Image# 1094: Black Jim
Modoc man with short, dark hair. This oval photo is a detail reproduction from photos #24 & 967
Image# 1095: Chief Paulina
Older man with hand on breast, in coat & hat. Poor quality reproduction
Image# 1096: Untitled
Image# 1097: Brigadier General Benjamin Alvord
Older man with gray sideburns, clean-shaven, in military uniform with gold-braid shoulder epaulets; standing in studio pose with sword & sash. "Photo courtesy Oregon Historical Society. Cf. Camp Alvord, Alvord Lake and Alvord Desert"
circa 1864
Image# 1098 A-B: Maurice Fitzgerald
Middle-aged man with light hair, clean-shaven, in suit & tall collar; photo is grainy. "Sergeant, Troop K -- 1st Cavalry Regiment"
Image# 1099: Younger man with dark hair, mustache, partial beard; in uniform with shoulder insignia & ribbon on breast
Image# 1100: Untitled
Image# 1101: Officers Quarters -- New Camp Warner
Row of houses set against timbered hillside. "Photo: Camp Warner (for McCarthy article). To be enlarged for issue"
1872
Image# 1102: Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior
Older man with gray hair & beard, in suit & tie -- pen & ink portrait with vines as border
Image# 1103: Alexander Piper
Younger man with dark hair & full beard, in gray uniform. First Lieut., Battery L, 3rd Artillery Regiment. Photo: Oregon Historical Society
Image# 1104: Untitled
Image# 1105: Middle-aged man with dark hair & full beard, in uniform with shoulder insignia, standing with hand in uniform breast. This is individual detail from group photo
Image# 1106: Site of Thomas Massacre
Sign in rock mound reads "Modoc Indian War -- Site of Thomas Massacre -- 29 soldiers killed and 18 wounded April 26, 1873"
Image# 1107: Older man, partially bald, with gray hair, goatee & mustache, wearing uniform with shoulder insignia, gold braid & many ribbons/medals; oval portrait
Image# 1108: Untitled
Image# 1109: Untitled
Image# 1110: Untitled
Image# 1111: Henry Nixon Moss
Young man with light hair in military cadet's uniform. "First Lieut. Troop B, First Cavalry Regiment"
Image# 1193: Rev. Robert McLean (or McClean)
Younger man with light eyes, hair & beard, in suit & bow tie
Image# 1194 A-B: Klamath Sweat bath
Large wall of stacked rocks, on brushy, steep slope. "Ka'alklish spuklish. Largest Klamath sweat bath: on Naylox Ridge, el. 100'± above old lake. North of Naylox station, south of Algoma Lbr. Co. Incline"
Image# 1195: Fort Klamath
2 men (Van Landrum is one) kneeling on grass inside fence. Grove of large trees in background. Possiblely Fort Klamath flagpole site
Image# 1196: Fort Klamath graves
Man in suit standing beside 4 wooden crosses on grass flat; closest cross says "Captain Jack"; trees & cattle in background. "Charles S. Hood, Modoc Indian returned from exile in Oklahoma. At Modoc graves at Fort Klamath 1912"
Image# 1208: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2501
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1209: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2502
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1210: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2503
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1211: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2504
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1212: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2505
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1213: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2506
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1214: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2507
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1215: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2508
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1216: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2509
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1217: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2510
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1218: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2511
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1219: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2512
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1220: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2513
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1221: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2514
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1222: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2515
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1223: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2516
From Peter Palmquist.
Image# 1224: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2517
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1225: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2518
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1226: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2519
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1227: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2520
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1228: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2521
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1229: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2522
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1230: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2523
From Peter Palmquist
Image# 1231: Miniature reproduction of Heller Stereoscopic View #2524
From Peter Palmquist
Documents
Folder
85
Oregon Central Military Road
86
Dr. Stern
87
Fort Klamath Sketch Maps
88
Fort Klamath -- Survey Notes & Photo List
124
White Cindy
144
Donald McKay
151
Army-Navy Journal
152
Army
153
Camp Warner
154
Modoc Cultural Assimilation Study
155a
Calendar
1872-1873
155b
Caxton Printers
156
Army War College
157
Lava Beds
158
Herald & News -- Modoc War Series
159
W.T. Hamilton & "Kumtucky"
160
Don Fisher Manuscript History
161
SOHS Address
24 June 77
162
Petroglyphs
163
Oklahoma Modocs
208
Erwin Thompson
214
Buddy Crim
215
Amos Bowman Dairy -- Oblique
216
Landrum Collection
217
Robert B. Johnston
219
Landrum Collection
220
Cheewa James
222
Ben Pickett
223
Coehorn Mortars
224
Hardin Letters
225
Hardin -- Fisher Letters
226
Dr. Kober
227
Grover Report to Schofield
228
George Courtright
229
Courtright -- Quinn
239
S.F. Morning "call"
14 pieces: Daily Morning Call- regarding Modocs
243
Modoc War Army Personnel
244
Guadelupe Hidalgo Treaty
T.S. No. 207 -- American Original Guadelupe - Hidalgo
246
Daniel G. Major
Microfilm records of the General Land Office beginning in 1969
247
From Meacham Files
Correspondences
248
Green Reconnaissance - September 9 -- October 5th
249
Lave Beds -- maps

Series II:  Modoc War Symposium, 1988Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box
1
Tape #1 Questions with Tom Doty, introduction of and Keynote talk with Cheewa James

VHS cassette
3/27/1988-3/28/1988
1
Tape #2 Hospital Rockm Canby's Cross, Gillams Camp

VHS cassette
3/27/1988-3/28/1988
1
Tape #3 Stronghold

VHS cassette
3/27/1988-3/28/1988
1
Tape #4 Panel Discussion

VHS cassette
3/27/1988-3/28/1988
1
Tape #5 Richard Dillon - Closing Remarks

VHS cassette
3/27/1988-3/28/1988
1
MSC Tape #1 CCN Coverage - Modoc Indian War Seminar

VHS cassette
4/28/1988
1
Modoc Symposium

DVD
1
Modoc Symposium

VHS cassette
1
Untitled

5 1/4" floppy disk
1
Modoc Symposium

5 1/4" floppy disk
1
Modoc Symposium
Box/Folder
1/130
Modoc Symposium
2 Videos + 2 5.25" disks
Image# 583: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charley Hawkins, unidentified woman & Native American man. #45
28 March 1988
Image# 584: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified woman & Native American (same people as #583). #47
28 March 1988
Image# 585: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified soldier, woman & Native American (same people as #583). #46
28 March 1988
Image# 586: Modoc War Symposium
2 unidentified women. (1 woman is also in photo #583). #50
28 March 1988
Image# 587: Modoc War Symposium
Rev. David Turnmire, Van Landrum & unidentified crowd of listeners. #62
28 March 1988
Image# 588: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified crowd being served a meal. #49
28 March 1988
Image# 589: Modoc War Symposium
Busses & vans parked on road. #51
28 March 1988
Image# 590: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified people congregating at busses. #52
28 March 1988
Image# 591: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charles Hawkins leaning on howitzer. #56
28 March 1988
Image# 592: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified young person examining howitzer with Coehorn mortar in foreground. #55
28 March 1988
Image# 593: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified young person examining howitzer with people in background. Same person as in #592. #54
28 March 1988
Image# 594: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charles Hawkins, SF leaning on howitzer. White hair -- Dan Halferty (sp?); back turned -- Bill Wales. #57
28 March 1988
Image# 595: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charles Hawkins standing in front of rock barrier. #58
28 March 1988
Image# 596: Modoc War Symposium
Unidentified group of people at flag ceremony. White sweater -- Rev. (Father) John Molomby (sp?). #59
28 March 1988
Image# 597: Modoc War Symposium
F.S. Landrum speaking to crowd of people. Back left w/green ribbon -- Keith Murray; Doris Omundson -- LBNM Supt; Lenin(?) hat -- Len Freisen; in front of Len -- Helen Freisen; over FSL rt. Shoulder, full face -- Ann Odgers (all spelling is tentative). #61
28 March 1988
Image# 598: Modoc War Symposium
Van Landrum speaking to crowd of people (same occasion as #597). #60
28 March 1988
Image# 599: Modoc War Symposium
Far view of tents & kitchen. Person walking in foreground, bluff in background. #53
28 March 1988
Image# 600: Modoc War Symposium
Van Landrum with unidentified woman (same woman as in photo #583). #48
28 March 1988
Image# 601: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charley Hawkins & howitzer inside rock barrier, tents & people outside. #44
28 March 1988
Image# 602: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charley Hawkins & howitzer inside rock barrier, tents & people outside (same as #601, different angle). #1
28 March 1988
Image# 603: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charley Hawkins & howitzer inside rock barrier, tents & people outside (same as #601, close-up). #2
28 March 1988
Image# 604: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charles Hawkins kneeling beside Coehorn mortar, inside rock circle with people standing outside. #6
28 March 1988
Image# 605 A-B: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charles Hawkins pulling lanyard for howitzer, people watching from outside rock circle. #8, #9
28 March 1988
Image# 606: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charles Hawkins with ramrod and howitzer, people standing around rock wall. #10
28 March 1988
Image# 759: Modoc War Symposium
Sergeant Charley Hawkins with the San Francisco Presidio twelve pound mountain howitzer. "Photo taken at the 'howitzer circle' at Gillem's Camp [Shaw Journal #3:1]"
28 March 1988
Image# 849 A-F: Modoc War Symposium
Soldier Charles Hawkins with howitzer or Coehorn mortar; tents & people are behind lava rock wall/enclosure. Several different poses. #1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 44
28 March 1988
Image# 852 A-D: Modoc War Symposium
Photos of 2 Native Americans (man & woman) posing with Van Landrum, Sgt. Hawkins, and others in background (4 poses). #45, 46, 47, 48
28 March 1988
Image# 853 A-F: Modoc War Symposium
Photos of participants hiking the trail around the Stronghold, looking at lake & the Peninsula, & view of Mt. Shasta
28 March 1988
Image# 1018: Modoc War Symposium
Group of men & boys surrounding 2 Coehorn mortars in lava beds. Van Landrum is in back row
28 March 1988
Image# 1030: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charlie Hawkins leaning on howitzer inside Howitzer Circle; tents in background. #3
28 March 1988
Image# 1031 A-B: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charlie Hawkins & howitzer inside Howitzer Circle; people eating in middle ground, Gillem's Bluff in background. #10
28 March 1988
Image# 1032 A-B: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charlie Hawkins kneeling beside Coehorn mortar inside Howitzer Circle, people eating in background; two poses are almost identical
28 March 1988
Image# 1038: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charlie Hawkins inside Howitzer Circle, pulling howitzer lanyard; people eating in middle ground, Gillem's Bluff in background. #9
28 March 1988
Image# 1038: Modoc War Symposium
Sgt. Charlie Hawkins inside Howitzer Circle, pulling howitzer lanyard; people eating in middle ground, Gillem's Bluff in background. #9
28 March 1988

Series III:  Western Exploration and the Nevada-California-Oregon BoundaryReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder
3
Coast Survey Report
Appendix No. 6 on the longitude between America and Europe from signals through the Atlantic Cable
1867-1963
4
Ephemera
Correspondence between Landrum and P.M. Janiczek American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac for the year 1868
1868
5
United States Coast Survey Report, Appendix No. 13
1869-1870
6
Coast Survey Report Appendix No. 12 and 13
1870-1871
7
United States Coast Survey Annual Report Report of the Superintendent
1872
8
Arizona-California Compact
Interstate Compact Defining the Boundary Between the States of Arizona and California
9a
Benson, map and geographical notes
9b
L. Boss Construction at Camp Bidwell
Diagram of CA state line, transcribed legend from figure
10
Tahoe Correspondence
Correspondence between James Thompson and multiple others regarding the 120th meridian at the south shore of Lake Tahoe
11
Tahoe Correspondence
Correspondence between George Deukmejian and multiple others regarding the 120th meridian at the south shore of Lake Tahoe
12
Tahoe Correspondence
Supreme Court report of special master of 120th meridian, Boundaries of the United States and the Sever States by Franklin K. Van Zandt, correspondence between George Deukmejian and multiple others regarding the 120th meridian at the south shore of Lake Tahoe, correspondence with Landrum
13
Byars & Gray
Copy of field notes and maps of Willamette Meridian, OR
14
Document #2 Cadastral Monuments
Discussion of and report of search for cadastral monuments in vicinity of the Houghton-Ives northern terminal monument
15
California S.G. Report
Copies of: Monuments, From The Descriptive Notes of the survey on the Southern Line, Eastern Bound Survey notes, annual reports Surveyor-General of California 1864-1865
1863-1864
16
California Complaint Nevada Reply
State of CA v. Nevada motion for leave to file complaint and complaint Oct. 1976, counterclaims from the Supreme Court
17
California S.G. Report
1852; 1854
18
California S.G. Report
1862
19
Daniel Major
Landrum explanation of lunar culminations for Daniel Major, map
1983
20a
Goddard to Davidson Correspondence
5/4/1893
20b
Kidder Railroad
Article copied from the Fall 1985 Sierra Heritage. Article discusses family history and includes a few photos
21
California-Arizona Boundary Survey
Geodetic Letter issued by the Division of Geodesy V.3 No. 1 March 1936, survey of the Boundary between Arizona and CA by Lansing G. Simmons
22
Chauvenet Photostats
23
Computation of equation Houghton-Ives & Von Schmidt
Correspondence between Landrum and James Thompson regarding computation of equation which is also in file
24
Correspondence Tahoe
1977
25
Correspondence Tahoe
Landrum correspondences with the Office of the Attorney General
1978
26
Landrum papers
Includes the Westerners Vol. XVIII No. 3 New York Posse Brand Book miscellaneous Landrum correspondence and notes
1986-1987
27
Butler -- Ives notes
Field notes of the survey of the boundary line between CA and Nevada Territory
28
Correspondence on Tahoe Intersection
Correspondence regarding boundaries between CA and Nevada
1979
29
Correspondence -- Drummond to Von Schmidt
Boundary contracts and correspondences
30a
Correspondence -- Von Schmidt to Drummond
30b
Oregon California Border 1985 newspaper articles photocopies
31
Davidson Letters

photocopies
Correspondence from George Davidson
32
Davidson-Throckmorton personal equations
Copy of observations recorded by Professor George Davidson determining longitude in Nevada. Computation notes
August 1872
33
Defendant's Exceptions to Special Master's Repost
Oct. 1979 Supreme Court CA vs. Nevada. Nevada's exceptions to report of special master and brief
34
Defendant's response to plaintiff's reply
Nevada's response to CA's reply brief from the Supreme court
35a
Determining Majors Wire Intervals
35b
Doc. #4 -- Visibility at Bidwell
Report on the investigation of line of sight visibility w/map and written intervals
36
Doc. #5 -- Methods & Error Sources
37
Doc. #8
38
Drummond to Sargent
1874
39
Doc. #11 -- Verdi & Crystal Peak
40
Doc. #12 -- H-I & Von Schmidt at Lake Tahoe
41
Evidentiary Hearing
42
Excerpts from California S.G. Report of 1863
43
Geodetic -- Goddard's survey
44
Geodetic Reduction data
45
NGS Report
1981
46
Nevada GLO Closing Plats
47
Goddard Criticizes Sinclair
48
Houghton -- Ives Notes from Cal SG
49
Houghton -- Ives Map
50
Houghton -- Ives Roster
51
HR Doc. 26 (U.S.) 2 May 1850-American Prime Meridian
52
Prof. Hulse Treatise
53
Major Map of North Nevada
54
HR Doc. 59 (U.S.) 27 March 1850-On Calif. Indians, T. Butler King
55
Layton Recon. of Lake Tahoe
56
Major Closes on Von Schmidt from East
57
Nevada HR Exec. Docs
1871-1972
58
Nevada Ties to 1983 NAD
59
Newspaper Coverage California-Nevada Border
60
Minto-Grunsky Report
61
Daniel G. Major -- Survey Notes
1873
62
Daniel G. Major
63
Daniel G. Major Contract & Bond: Ore-Idaho; Ore-California
64
Map -- Minto, Major Doc. #1 Von Schmidt
1977
65
Major Instructions -- No. Nevada
66
Plaintiff's Opening Brief
67
Plaintiff's Reply Brief
68
NGS @ Tahoe
1981
69
Geodesy
70a
NGS
1978
70b
Plaintiff's Brief -- Support of Special Master
71
C.H. Sinclair -- U.S. C&GS Report of 1900 part 1
72
C.H. Sinclair -- U.S. C&GS Report of 1900 part 2
73
Thaddeus P. Robinson Survey
74
So. Tahoe Computations
75
Special Instructions -- Drummond to Von Schmidt
76
Report of Special Master
77
Thompson to Gov. Downey
78
Map -- Coast Survey -- Oblique Line
79
U.S. Court Decision
80
Uzes on Major
81
Judge Robert Van Pelt
82
Von Schmidt Initial Point
83
Von Schmidt Azimuths @ Oblique Line
84
Von Schmidt Corner Data
89
Von Schmidt's Narrative
1872
109
Von Schmidt -- Verdi Observations
1872
113
Allexy W. Von Schmidt Field Notes
1872
138
BLM Map of Oregon
139
Britannica -- Star Data
164
Treaty of Ghent
165
Camp McGarry Reserve
166
Eastman House Photos
167
John Small
168
Fort Huachuca
169
U.S. Cavalry
171
Engineer Reports
172
Thiel, Wm. Survey of the KIR
173
Creation of Counties
174a
Mercer Survey
174b
Wm. Thiel -- Contract Documents
175
T33-34S, R7E -- Thielson
176
Miscellaneous G.L.O. Plats
177
Camp Day
178
Miscellaneous Surveys
179
Surveyor Gen. Report Oregon
180
S.F. Land Grant
181
State Lands
182
Treaty of Utrecht
183
Treaty of Ryswick
184
Paris Treaty
1763
185
Elliott, Wm. C. Resurvey of KIR
186
Contract Documents -- Wm. C. Elliott
187
Veatch Township Tracings
188
Chronometric Differences II 2nd eypdn
189
Council Butte Treaty
1865
191
Dr. R.L. Duncombe
192
Major Notes
194
Von Schmidt Astronomical at South Lake Tahoe
195
Von Schmidt Wire Intervals at South Lake Tahoe
196
Treaty of St. Petersburg
197
Quincy Brooks Papers
206
Yale University
207
Overland Montly
209
Von Schmidt
221
Doc. No. 13 Von Schmidt Chrono at South Lake Tahoe
237
Almanac 1843 Title: Ephemeris and Almanac 1843-1844
250
Von Schmidt Map
258
Nootka Sound Treaty
262
McLaughlin Treaty 1st
263
Boundary Commission Report
266
T48N R17E
267
The Cowhead Slough Intercept
Map and T48N R17N
268
Houghton -- Ives Monument
269
Houghton -- Ives Survey
Map of the boundary line for Nevada Territory and CA
270
Houghton Ives from Zimmerman
271
Mowry Expedition
1861
272
Necor
Diary of Bryant N. Sturgess
1989
273
Bryant Sturgiss
Fremont correspondences
274
Thompson on Boundary
1992
275
Thompson, James
276
John C. Fremont -- Mariposa Claim
John C. Fremont, Mariposa, and the Collision of Mexican and American Law by Lewis Grossman
277
Fremont Sierra Map
278
Bear River #149, Vegg
1843-1844
288
Elliott Surveys
289
Bud Uzes
CA OR border dispute
290
Longitudes -- 2nd expedition
291
Archibald H. Gillespie
Bancroft Library request for photocopies
292
Johnson, Leroy and Jean
CA Nevada border correspondence
293
Greenwich Meridian

Series IV:  Land of the Lakes HistoryReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Image# 247 A-B: Alexander Piper
1st Lt, 3rd Artillery Regiment, C.O. @ Camp Cay, 1860. Middle-aged man with dark hair & beard in uniform (original photo was torn). Credit: Eastman House. Oregon Historical Society Neg. No. 11027
Image# 248: Lorenzo Lorain
1st Lt, 3rd Artillery Regiment; 2nd in command at Camp Day, 1860. Middle-aged man with dark hair & beard in uniform. Credit: Eastman House
Image# 249 A-D: Camp Day, looking north
Group of 20-30 soldiers standing in formation in front of 10 small tents erected under large pine trees. All photos are the same, but labels are somewhat different: A. "Camp Day, looking north. Photograph by Edward Perry Vollum. George Eastman House Neg. 6653." B. & C. "Camp Day, Oregon. Company "L", 3rd Artillery. Taken by Lorenzo Lorain, U.S.A. Army, about 1857-8. Donated to the Oregon Historical Society in 1946 by S.H. Lorain, Albany, OR. Oregon Historical Society Neg. No. 1688." D. "Mules in the Land of Lakes: Camp Day on the left bank of Spencer Creek, July 17, 1860 to Oct. 3, 1860. Located by 1st Lt. Alexander Piper, 3rd Artillery Rgmt. Foto courtesy Oregon Historical Society." "Formation of the 3rd Artillery Regiment's battery at Camp Day; Lt. Alexander Piper, Comg"
Image# 250 A-B: Camp Day, looking south
Same photo as #249, but different angle (probably taken same day, despite date discrepancies). A. Camp Day, Company "L", 3rd Artillery, 1859. Photo=Lorenzo Lorain, U.S.A. Army. Oregon Historical Society Neg. No.1687. B. Camp Day, looking south. Photograph by Edward Perry Vollum. George Eastman House Neg. 6652
Image# 251 A-B: Camp Day
This photo is a close-up of soldiers & tents in photo #249 & #250, despite date discrepancy. Lorenzo Lorain photographer. Courtesy Oregon Historical Society. "View of soldiers' tents at Camp Day, summer 1860." "Lt. Lorenzo Lorain 2nd in cmd; came from Ft. Umpqua, summer 1860"
1860
Image# 252: Lt. General John B. Hood
Middle-aged man with light hair & beard in uniform. "Lieutenant General John B. Hood, Confederate States Army (originally escort for Williamson)"
Image# 253: Henry L. Abbott
Paiute Country: Major General Henry L. Abbott, who came through Klamath in 1855 as second in command to Robert S. Williamson of the Pacific Railroad Survey from Sacramento to the Columbia River. See # 254-8
Image# 254: Upper Klamath Lake
Detail map of Upper Klamath Lake from map of southern Oregon from Pacific Railroad Survey, commanded by Robert S. Williamson. See # 253, 255-258
Image# 255: Klamath Marsh
Detail map of Klamath Marsh from Pacific Railroad Survey reports, commanded by 1st Lt Robert S. Williamson. See # 253-254, 256-258
Image# 256: Black Butte & Three Sisters
Detail map of Three Sisters, Black Butte, and Mt. Jefferson from Pacific Railroad Survey reports, commanded by 1st Lt Robert S. Williamson. See # 253-255, 257-258
Image# 257: Mount Hood, Fort Dalles & Des Chutes River
Detail map of Mount Hood and Deschutes River from Pacific Railroad Survey reports, commanded by 1st Lt Robert S. Williamson. See # 253-256, 258
Image# 258: Summer Lake & Lake Abert
Detail map of Lake Albert, Summer Lake, and 1843-1849 trails of Fremont and Warner from Pacific Railroad Survey, commanded by1st Lt Robert S. Williamson. See # 253-257
Image# 259: Old Road to Warner's Valley
Map of NECOR, Allexey Waldemar Von Schmidt. 1865-1892. Larry Fee. Back of photo has mileages to/from Ft. Bidwell
Image# 296 A-B: Yainax Indian School
Yainax Indian Boarding School dormitory, students & teachers lined up in front of building. Photo taken after Modoc War, around 1895. From Buddy Crim album
Image# 297 A-B: 9 people (including 3 children), 2 dogs, cats & chickens seated & standing outside of roughly-built house
Image# 298: Ben Lawver, "Yellow Hammer"
Original postcard of Native American man dressed in buckskin suit, feathered headdress & drawing decorated bow & arrow. Seneca, Mo. 1875
Image# 299: Lakeview Roundup parade
Original postcard of a group of 7 Indians with feathered headdresses, mounted on horses in a field surrounded by tents & autos, apparently preparing for parade. Lead Indians: Charlie Cowen and Finley Wilson (Klamath). Others unknown. Lakeview, Oregon. 1923
Image# 300: Lakeview Roundup
Original postcard of bronc rider being thrown, other cowboys watching. Ausie Brown (Modoc Indian) on 'Freckles'
1923
Image# 301: Fourth of July parade in Chiloquin
Original photo of 4 cowboys mounted on horses. Walter "Jug" Hood (Modoc), Russell White (Klamath), Avin Murdock (California), and Roland Hicks (Klamath)
1923
Image# 302: Arthur Chester and family
Original photo of a family of 4 "after dinner in front of our house" near Sprague River, 1918 Klamath (tribe?). Photo has been folded
Image# 303: Ross Dollarhide on 'Tracey'
Original postcard of bronc rider on bucking horse; Elks Rodeo, Klamath Falls, 1912
Image# 304: Dick Parker on 'Nero'
Original postcard of bull rider on bucking bull; Elks Rodeo, Klamath Falls (near KLAD), 1912. Postcard has been trimmed to smaller size
Image# 318 A-D: Yainax Sub-Agency Dormitories
View across field to houses, barn & forested ridge. House and barn are original. Barn was the school. Several graves lie close to, and this side of barn. Jackson Cemetery on hill behind. Landrum photo 1967
1972
Image# 319 A-C: Council Butte at Yainax
View across brushy area to fenced fields, buttes in background. "Site of 1865 "Sprague River" Walpapi Treaty. Right center horizon is Gearhart Mtn. Also gambling and slave trading site (see S.A. Clarke). Landrum photo 1967." "Council Butte as seen from Yainax Sub-Agency"
Image# 320: Lower Gap (Olene)
Fields, farms, roads & waterways; mountains in middle & background. Lost River; Highway 140; OC + E Rwy; canal. Landrum aerial photo ±1974
Image# 321: Lost River above Lone Pine Ford
Fields, farms, roads & waterways. Landrum aerial photo ±1974
Image# 322: Lost River above Lone Pine Ford
Fields, farms, roads & waterways. Detail of photo #321. Landrum aerial photo ±1974
Image# 323: Al and Leona Kusler's ranch
Fields, farms, roads & railway. G.N. Rwy; Hill Road. Landrum aerial photo ±1974
Image# 324: Lower Gap (Olene) with Lost River
Fields, farms, roads & waterways; mountains in middle & background. Highway 140, OC + E Rwy, canal. Landrum aerial photo ±1974
Image# 325: Lower Gap (Olene) with Lost River
Fields, farms, roads & waterways; mountains in middle & background. Nus Lake at right. Landrum aerial photo ±1974
Image# 326 A-B: Camp Warner
Many structures, some without walls, built below a rounded, grassy butte. "Camp Warner at north toe of Crook Peak." "Loose single is New Camp Warner"
Image# 327 A-B: Camp Warner
Painting of many structures, built below a rounded, grassy butte. "Camp Warner, as painted in Water Colors by Sergeant Emile Larmy, and presented to Jocelyn"
Image# 328: Location of Camp Warner
Stack of old boards in right foreground, brushy slope in middle, rounded, grassy butte in background
Image# 329: Camp Warner
Row of cabins in front of forested hillside
Image# 330 A-D: "New" Camp Warner
Men & women standing in front of pole house. "Officers and ladies at Old "New" Camp Warner." "Paiute Country: The residence of Lt. Col. and Mrs. Frank Wheaton, commander of the District of the Lakes. Building is one of the quarters at New Camp Warner"
Image# 331: Map of California-Oregon border
Hand-drawn map shows Camp Warner, Lakeview, Camp Bidwell, Wilkinson's Spring, Buffalo Spring, Lake Almanor, Reno etc
Image# 332 A-C: Officer's quarters at New Camp Warner
Man standing on porch of pole house. "A different view of Camp Warner, Oregon"
Image# 438 A-B: Unidentified
Three men with saddle horse near fence, watching water flow. Probably early 1900s
Image# 439 A-B: Unidentified
Plowing a field with oxen, horse teams in background
Image# 440: Unidentified
Looking down on wetlands with mountains in background
Image# 441: Unidentified
Three men near fence, digging water channel. Photo appears to be the same as photo #438 but different pose
Image# 442: Unidentified
Looking down on rail fence, canal, and meadow. Sagebrush & juniper trees in foreground, mountains in background
Image# 443: Tule Lake Outlet
Unidentified man & lake in background, water running over rocks in foreground. Photo is labeled "#230 -- Tule Lake Outlet, show"
Image# 444: Tule Lake Outlet
Two unidentified men standing on rock pile in shallow lake, ridge in background. Photo is labeled "45 -- Tule Lake Outlet, Pit No. 1, after water was turned in. November 15th. 1908"
Image# 445: Lake Euwana
View of Lake Euwana. Older photo with sagebrush in foreground, tall ridge in background, possibly a few buildings visible in background
Image# 446: Untitled
Image# 447: Four unidentified men standing around wooden workbench, barrel, ladder, and wagon wheel
probably early 1900s
Image# 448: Untitled
Image# 449: Untitled
Image# 450 A-B: Photo of untitled written document that refers to payments, buildings, and rights granted to reservation Indians (several tribes), and rights given to US government. Contains Article II through Article XII
Image# 624: Unidentified
Old barn & corrals with 2 people near earthen dam. Houses in right background
Image# 625 A-C: Lassen's Butte from vicinity of Camp 18
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate I (etching)
Image# 626 A-C: Mouth of Fall River near Camp 30
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate II (etching)
Image# 627 A-C: Upper Klamath Lake from Camp 88
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate III (etching)
Image# 628 A-C: Mount Pitt & Klamath River & Upper Klamath Lake from Camp 30
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate IV (etching)
Image# 629 A-C: Cascade Range with Mt. Jefferson, Mt. Hood and Mt. Adams from west of Camp 30
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate V (etching)
Image# 630 A-C: Three Sisters & canon of Mckensies Fork of the Willamette River from Camp P
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate VI (etching)
Image# 631 A-C: Diamond Peak and Ravine of Middle Fork of the Willamette River from Camp 48W
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate VII (etching)
Image# 632 A-C: Canon of Psuc-see-que Creek near Camp 41A
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate VIII (etching)
Image# 633 A-C: Mount Hood from Tysech Prairie
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate IX (etching)
Image# 634 A-C: Mount Jefferson and Black Butte from Camp S
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate X (etching)
Image# 635 A-C: Castle Rock in canon of Mpto-ly-as River near Camp 53A
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate XI (etching)
Image# 636 A-C: Shasta Butte and Shasta Valley from a Point near Camp 79A
Pacific Railroad Reports Plate XII (etching)
Image# 637 A-B: Major General Philip Sheridan
Came through Klamath County with Williamson and the Pacific Railroad Surveys. Lithograph
Image# 638: Younger man with dark hair & beard, possibly in military uniform and heavy wool coat
Image# 639: Upper Gap Harpold dam
Spillway with water in foreground, junipers & power poles on slope in left middle, ridges & mountain in background
Image# 640: Horses & men logging with big wheels
Image# 641: Close-up of logging with big wheels (same location as #640)
Image# 642: Klamath Hot Springs
Photo ad for guest lodge in Beswick, Siskiyou Co, California
Image# 643 A-B: Ashland or Ager Stage
5 men posed atop stagecoach pulled by 4 horses
Image# 644: Keno Bridge
Far view of man driving 2 cattle across bridge, with town buildings on far side of river & timbered ridges in background. Location map is drawn on back of photo. "Large white building is David Ferrees' store. "Whittles Ferry" was replaced by bridge"
Image# 645 A-B: Wooden Bridge on Dam
Horsedrawn stagecoach & wagon crossing bridge atop dam with wooden spillway. Topsy Road?
Image# 646 A-C: Wooden Bridge
Bridge across river with large wood supports; 2 triple wagons pulled by 6 horses on bridge
Image# 647: Cattle drive down Main Street
Cattle being driven by cowboys on horses; dirt road is lined with wooden buildings; Main Street, Klamath Falls, OR
Image# 648: 'New road to Camp Warner'
Rocky old road or trail through juniper trees. "Remains near Twelve Mile Creek on 42nd parallel"
Image# 649: 'New road to Camp Warner'
Rocky old road through juniper leading to old cabin (same road as #648). "Remains near Twelve Mile Creek on 42nd parallel"
Image# 650: Mount Dome
Loaf-shaped mountain in background, open grass/brush/lava flats with juniper in foreground. "Mount Dome from near the site of the Thomas Ambush"
Image# 651 A-B: Laird's Landing with Steamer
Large house/hotel on left, small building in middle, steamboat on right, bluff in background. Photo caption says: "House to the left, built for stopping place for stage passengers, freighters and travelers. Warehouse (some words are cut off)"
Image# 652: Laird's Landing
Close-up of Laird's Landing building (same building as #651, different people & angle) with many people in & horses
Image# 653 A-B: Moore and St. Clair Vacqueros
11 men standing & sitting: Milton R. Brady, William Clarkson, William Harris, Bert Yokum, John Maxwell, W.L. Moore, Ed Miller, F.A. Ranlett, H.M. Hendrickson, G.W. Parsons, G.W. Yokum
16 October 1880
Image# 654: Steamboat on lake with crowd aboard
Image# 655 A-B: Steamboat Jessie
Steamboat Jessie tied up at landing, with 7 rowboats occupied by men & women in water
Image# 656: Pokegama Line RR
Steam locomotive on trestle crossing river
Image# 657: The "Klamath"
"Klamath" ferry tied up beside railroad cars
Image# 658: Unidentified
Passenger ferry tied up beside lumber on lake shore
Image# 659 A-C: The "Winema"
Passenger ferry "Winema" docked (probably same spot as #655)
Image# 660 A-B: Passenger ferry docked beside lumber on lake shore (probably the Winema as in #661 & # 662)
Image# 661: Winema in Wood River
Winema paddlewheel boat with crew in what looks like a shallow marsh. It was stuck on a sand bar for a week
Image# 662: Winema on east side of the lake
Winema paddlewheel boat docked next to lumber yard
Image# 663: Cabin built of hewn logs at Land's Ranch
2 old cabins, corral, shed, telephone poles by lava rock rim. Same place as photo #833, but different camera angle
Image# 664: Old cabin under deciduous tree
Image# 665: Probable diesel locomotive #2012 traveling through town with telephone poles
Image# 666: Unidentified man sitting in circle of lava rocks near lake shore
"B }21st Inf Det A 4th Art
C }21st Inf TrB }1st Cav
I } 21st Inf TrG }1st Cav
Det F}21st Inf 72 WS
MCDIV 1 404"
Image# 667: Three hunters with 40-50 dead geese arranged on old auto
Image# 668: Dredging canal with boat on river/lake; men on levee
Image# 669: Building canal with hand trucks & rails to remove dirt, shack, footbridge & pulley
Image# 670: Same or similar canal excavation system & structure as in photo #669
Image# 671: Structure for pouring cement sides in canal(?); men are standing on side of canal, town in background
Image# 672: Building canal with pick & shovel, many men working
Image# 673: Horses, buggy & rider at bottom of dry canal.
Image# 674: Building canal with steam shovel
Image# 675: Building road or canal with oxen & horse teams
Duplicate
Image# 676: Canal half full of water; buildings behind canal
Image# 677: Horse & buggy at bottom of dry canal with 2 horse teams & men working
Image# 678 B: Fort McGarry
Part of rock house in grass & brush field (top 1/3 fallen away)
1971
Image# 678 A: Fort McGarry
Meandering lava rock wall with sagebrush grown up around it. "Ruins at Camp McGarry"
1971
Image# 678 C: Fort McGarry
Part of rock house in grass & brush field (top 1/8 fallen away). "Jerry-built roof on Camp McGarry abandoned structure"
1971
Image# 679: Untitled
Image# 680: View of bluffs through notch in sheer cliffs. "Green below, blue above"
Image# 681: Two men (1 is possibly Van Landrum) with pickup truck looking up at sheer cliffs. "High Rocks"
Image# 682: Hogans & Native Americans
Detail from illustration from Pacific Railroad Reports
Image# 683: Hill of Sandstone, capped with trap, Rhett Lake
Part of text & illustration from Pacific Railroad Reports
Image# 684 A-B: McGarry Tombstone at San Francisco Presidio
Tombstone of Edward McGarry (1820-1867). "Paiute Country: Presidio headstone of Lieut Col Edward McGarry of 32nd Infantry, for whom Camp McGarry was named. Thomas Wright was also 32nd Infantry prior to Lava Beds campaign"
Image# 685: Small Tombstone
Headstone of 1st Lieut. J. F. Small of Oregon (1840-1869) in the San Francisco Presidio cemetery
Image# 686 A-B: Link River before construction of dam
River in foreground, lake in background. "(Right) Ankeny Canal intake; (Left) Keno canal intake and west side road. Klamath water falls (left foreground)"
March 1919
Image# 687 A-C: The Old and the New Way
2 Native Americans in dugout canoe (foreground) with "Winema" steamboat in background
Image# 688 A-B: Early Day Logging
2 photo postcards of steam engine logging in foreground, horse team in background. Eastman's Studio B-1107
Image# 689 A-B: Old Blue, the little engine on the Pokegama Railroad
Engineer & 2 men posed with railroad steam engine & flat cars
Image# 690: Two older men with white hair, vests & hats, posed on horses
Image# 691: Railroad tracks & power poles winding between lake & rising ground
Image# 692: Man bending down to look at scar (scribing?) on tree
Image# 693: Creek in meadow with willows & pine trees (may be Wood River)
Image# 694 A-B: Man looking at scribing on stone (same person as #692; may be Van Landrum)
Image# 695 A-B: Close-up of scribed stone in photo #694. Scribing looks like "KIR 81-"
Image# 696: Same man as in photo #692, camping under pine trees
Image# 697 A-B: "The Loggers"
Sign at entrance of Collier Park Logging Museum
Image# 699 A-E: Steamboat in docking circle with several people. Fence in foreground, lake & bluffs in background
Image# 701: Steamboat "Klamath" at mooring with many people
Image# 702: Two small boats tied on shore near barrier
Image# 703 A-B: Men & boys posing in rocks (dry canal?) with several girls in background
Image# 704: Steamboat "Winema" docked by lumber (close-up of photo #660)
Image# 706: Looking across Lake Euwana toward downtown Klamath Falls
Image# 707: Ladies in big hats with men & children by lakeside cabin
Image# 708: Looking across lake at far shore
Image# 709: Looking down on white birds (?) and across lake
Image# 710: Log chute on hill slope (possibly Pokegama)
Image# 711: Looking across lake; sagebrush & tree in foreground
Image# 819: Columbus Delano
Frowning, middle-aged man with white beard in suit & tie. Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior -- National Archives, U.S. Signal Corps photo #111-B-4154 (Brady Collection)
Image# 820: Alex Godey
Young man with sideburns in suit
Image# 821: Robt. Barnwell Rhett
Middle-aged man with white hair & beard in suit & tie
Image# 822 A-B: Lithograph of Christopher T. Carson
White men rounding up horses, packing mules, talking with guns
Image# 823 A-B: Lithographic fantasy of Indians attacking Fremont's party west of Upper Klamath Lake
White men, horses & Native Americans with spears by lake with steep mountainous shores
Image# 824 A-B: Link River dam
Aerial view of "Intakes to East and West side canals at Link River dam. Upper Klamath Lake, Fremont Bridge and Shippington in the distance. 1924." "Boyle Photograph"
Image# 825 A-B: Map of Oregon Territory
Old map of Oregon Territory. Map covers California to Canada borders
1888
Image# 826: Reflecting Circle
Survey equipment. "Reflecting circle--This one was Hassler's. The Smithsonian Institution #47782"
Image# 827: Sextant
Survey equipment. "Sextant made by Spencer, Browning & Rust of London, shortly before 1844. USNM Negative No. 36,096"
Image# 828: Dr. Hugh Glenn
Older man with graying beard, in heavy coat & hat. (Hard to read name, may be misspelled)
Image# 829: Middle-aged (?) man with large mustache, in suit
Image# 830: Native American woman posing by tree in hat, necklace, belt & jewelry
Image# 831: Corral Springs
Photo of sign titled: "Oregon History -- Corral Springs". Designates spot where Pacific Railroad Survey camped in 1855 & Fremont passed in 1843. USDA--Forest Service sign
Image# 832 A-C: Klamath Indians, California
Group of approximately 14 Native Americans, standing/sitting under large trees. "Earliest photo in the Klamath country (1859). By Piper's party. Courtesy of Eastman House. Standing center is either LaLakes or Poos Kiu. His right, possibly 'Kumtuckny'; his right, possibly Old Chief Schonchin. Albumen print. Photo by Edward Perry Vollum. GEH negative #6654B"
1859
Image# 833: Cabin at Land's Ranch
Rough, unpainted cabin is falling apart, roof is unserviceable. Cabin & small shed are near power/phone lines & in front of lava bluff. "Log cabin at Land's Ranch. Guy Merrill said it was Cornell's in 1889 when he first saw it." Same place as photo #663, but different camera angle
Image# 834: Old ranch buildings, fences & drainage ditch with bluffs in background
Image# 835: Old log cabin; axe marks from squaring logs is plainly visible
Image# 836: Untitled
Image# 837: Bill Skeue, John Liskey, Guy Merrill
Three elderly men with hats, in front of hay bales--photo taken about 1980
Image# 838: Early Railroad Scenes
Photo of poster mélange of old railroad scenes. One sign pictured says "Southern Pacific, Alturas-Klamath"
Image# 839: Native American man in historic costume including feather headdress & beads; possibly Jesse Kirk, but uncertain
Image# 840 A-B: Reverend Jesse Kirk
Middle-aged Native American man with short dark hair & mustache, in suit & vest. Front & profile poses, showing moderate head flattening by cradle board
Image# 841: Middle-aged Native American man in suit & bow tie. Similar photo as #840, but may be different person
Image# 842: Older man with white hair, hat & tie, mounted on horse on paved street
Image# 843: J. Frank Adams
Older man with white mustache, hat & suspenders, mounted on horse in ranch yard. "Photo taken at Laird's Landing ranch by M. Ray Laird's mother"
Image# 844 A-C: 12 older business(?) men seated around meeting table
Image# 845 A-B: Man in boots & overcoat in doorway of old cabin
Image# 846 A-C: Old guns & clock on deteriorated wall
Image# 847 A-C: Maybe a Limit?
Three hunters with dozens of geese draped over antique auto; from Betty Lou Byrne
Image# 848: Native Americans in headdresses and whites in western garb standing on railroad Engine 2775
Image# 854 A-C: Military cemetery (Custer battlefield?) & visitor center (3 different views)
September 1986
Image# 855 A-C: View of agricultural fields from dry bluff, probably at military cemetery in photo #854
September 1986
Image# 856 A-D: Calhoun Hill
Headstones of Custer battalion and monument on Calhoun Hill. Sep. 1986
Image# 857 A-B: Weir Point
Monument of Weir Point Fight. Sep. 1986
Image# 858 A-B: View of creek (probably Little Bighorn)
September 1986
Image# 859 A-B: Camp Jenney
Photos of 2 signs: "East to 90 & 14"; and "Wyoming -- Camp Jenney" (Custer expedition). Sep. 1986
Image# 860 A-B: Van Landrum standing by building that looks like military barracks, 2 views
September 1986
Image# 861 A-F: Several large buildings & parking lot by corn field; may be college campus
September 1986
Image# 862 A-E: Merle & Emma West Science Center
Cornell University; sign & several views of large brick building. Sept. 1986
Image# 863 A-D: Lovely old home (visitor center?), several views; 1 view of Patti Landrum on porch
September 1986
Image# 864 A-C: Lovely old home (different than in photo #863), several views, Van & Patti Landrum
September 1986
Image# 865 A-D: Old State Capitol Building
Two government buildings, location unidentified. Sep. 1986
Image# 866 A-H: F.D. Uzes 81 Mon. No. 1 & Initial Stone
Various photos of survey monuments, lake & railroad tracks. Only 1 photo is labeled & 1 is dated. July 1987
Image# 867 A-F: Common corner to California, Nevada & Arizona
Several views. Detached label says: "Above is the corner common to California, Nevada, and Arizona (near Needles). All monuments are reference monuments." July 1987
Image# 868 A-D: Von Schmidt survey monuments
Several views. Detached label says: "Big pile of stone is 'Von Schmidt East Post, 1873'. Concrete block is USC&GS Latitude pier, 1894. 'Von Schmidt West Post, 1873'"
Image# 869 A-D: Von Schmidt survey monuments
Detached label says: "Indian rock? Von Schmidt West Post, 1873". Two photos are dated 1979. V-16 No. 2 & 5
Image# 870: GLO closing corner
Close-up of corner monument reading "U.S. General Land Office Survey 1921, T 17 N, R 21 E S24." Detached label says: "1921 GLO closing corner on USC&GS oblique line (tie to San Bernardino meridian & base line)"
Image# 871 A-D: Von Schmidt MP612
Four photos of monument & schematic map showing corner common to Nevada, California & Arizona
1873
Image# 872 A-B: Van Landrum & friends
Van Landrum & friends sitting around a table. Back of photos identify Van Landrum, Jim Thompson, Paul Pace, Bryant Sturgiss, Brad Uzes, Charlie Massie & wife, Charlie Aiken
Image# 873 A-G: Atop Mt. Bidwell
Backs of photos say: "Views from Mt. Bidwell; receiving GPS signals from 17 satellites; Isuzu Rodeo atop Mt. Bidwell; Bud Uzes, Jim Thompson, Dennis Geil"
July 1991
Image# 874 A-F: Fort Bidwell party
Group photos of men who went to Mt. Bidwell in 12/86; Lew Follansbee paces between Major's and Von Schmidt's corners
1986
Image# 875: Six men around survey (elevation?) monument (possibly Von Schmidt's). V-12, 6-6A
1982
Image# 889: Railroad bridge across Lost River
River with paved roads on both sides & railroad bridge across river. #9
Image# 890: Men with truck & magnetic crane picking up steel girder, in front of small concrete building that has "USBR 1942" above door
Image# 891: Man standing in small tunnel with narrow-gauge tracks
Image# 892: Wheeled irrigation pipe on farm, ridge in background
Image# 893: Same building as photo #890, but side view; building stands over river, possibly Lost River
Image# 894: CCC Camp Tule Lake
Men in front of buildings, crude baseball field in foreground & ridge in background. "CCC Recruits at Camp Tule Lake line up for inspection, 1937. US Bureau of Reclamation foto"
1937
Image# 895: CCC Camp Tule Lake
Barracks-type buildings in field behind fence, ridge in background. "Remaining buildings at Camp Tule Lake; 1984 photograph"
1984
Image# 896: Untitled
Image# 897 A-C: Stagecoach pulled by 6 white horses with 5 passengers & driver; 1 print is reversed
Image# 898 A-B: Lava rock & juniper; man pointing toward rim
Image# 899 A-E: Snow-covered hillside with notch in top; also, low lava rim
Image# 900 A-E: Older farm buildings in aspen trees; aspen groves
Image# 901 A-E: Older cabin, barn, farm buildings & fields
Image# 902 A-D: Modern house with red tree, horses, yellow aspens
Image# 903 A-C: Salmon
Salmon redds in creek
Image# 904 A-F: Beautiful landscapes; mountains & valley
Image# 905 A-E: Beautiful landscapes; lake & river
Image# 906 A-D: Cattle grazing below rugged mountains
Image# 907 A-E: Schonchin Butte Lookout
Signs & lookout building
Image# 908 A-F: Lava Beds
Lava tubes & caves
Image# 909 A-F: Views from a high point; Mt. Shasta, Lava Beds, Tule Lake, buttes
Image# 910 A-D: Williamson River Indian Mission
Small white wooden church with steeple & sign; also, rail historic site marker
est. 1876
Image# 911: Railroad train & trestle above deep gorge. Rock retaining wall (barrier) in foreground
Image# 912: Four pronghorn antelope in field
Image# 913: Roop's Fort, Susanville, CA
Metal plaque designating Roop's Fort. "Monument legend at Roop's Fort, Susanville, CA. Author's photograph no. 169"
Image# 914: Roop's Fort, Susanville, CA
Old wooden log cabin building in park. "Roop's Fort at Susanville, CA. Author's photograph no. 168"
Image# 915: Hot Springs Peak
Brushy flat & fence in foreground, lake in middle, ridge in background. "Hot Springs Peak In the Skedaddle Mountains with Honey Lake. Author's photograph no. 17945"
Image# 916: Long Valley
Paved road running through agricultural valley, ridges in background. "Long Valley, then in CA and NV. Author's photograph no. 17951"
Image# 917 A-D: Klamath Lake views
Views of Klamath Lake, Highway 97 & island from high ridge with rock outcrop in foreground (4 views)
Image# 918 A-D: Fort McGarry
Buildings, sign open sagebrush flats (4 views). Sign says: "Baer Ranch, Soldier Meadows, Fort McGarry 1865." Photo emulsion is deteriorating
1865
Image# 919 A-B: Very old stone building. May be from Baer Ranch
Image# 920 A-C: Very old stone storage buildings (possibly Baer Ranch)
Image# 921 A-C: Old wagon (possibly buckboard)
Image# 922 A-B: Old wagons used for farming
Image# 923 A-B: Portions of old rock foundations or walls, possibly Baer Ranch
Image# 924 A-B: Ruins of old rock buildings
Image# 925 A-B: More rock wall/foundation ruins; man standing near ruins (possibly Baer Ranch)
Image# 926 A-B: More rock wall/foundation ruins (possibly Baer Ranch)
Image# 927 A-B: Natural rock walls with graffiti that reads: "George N. Japuith -- July the 16th 1852 -- from WIS"; and "EJT -- 7.16.52"
Image# 928: Untitled
Image# 1021 A-D: Rectangular Library building with names written between arched windows. This library was built in Klamath Falls, Oregon in 1913, partially funded by a grant from the Carnegie Foundation. The building was criticized as being too small and remote, and apparently never operated as a library. "On belt between windows from left: Shakespeare; Emerson; Lowell; Bryant; Whittier; Longfellow. Over door -- 1913." Photo #1119 may be ruins of this building
Image# 1112: White-bearded man seated in buckboard with 2 horses, surrounded by 4 people, in front of building
Image# 1113: Untitled
Image# 1114: Untitled
Image# 1115: Younger man with short, curly hair, clipped mustache & beard; in wool suit, high collar & bow tie. (May be John C. Fremont)
Image# 1116 A-B: High School
Ornate brick high school with bell tower, brick retaining wall in front, 2 men standing in front of school
Image# 1117 A-D: Central Grammar School
Ornate stone school building with bell tower & turrets, American flag in front & church in background. "Central School 9th--10th @ Main. Razed 1929± for Oregon Bank Building--now Medical Dental Bldg"
Image# 1118: Untitled
Image# 1119 A-B: Library ruins
Remaining ruins of stone building with arched windows & chimney. It may possibly be ruins of library in photo #1021
Image# 1120: Marine Barracks
Many large buildings in a small valley, in campus layout. "Marine Barracks/Oregon Vocational School. 1946±". "Oregon Vocational School (former Marine Barracks) atop the Old Fort Klamath Road hill"
Image# 1121: River flowing over natural steps & around willow islands, with tall grassy bank (ridge) in right background. Man fishing from left bank -- building visible in far background. May be the original falls on the Link River
Image# 1122 A-B: Link River
4 men & 2 boys standing or sitting in rocky, dry streambed. In background are several girls, logs, water & ridge. "Link River Dry. Caused by a high south wind blowing on Upper Klamath Lake, July 18, 1918." "Boyle Photograph"
Image# 1123: Link River
Real photo postcard showing river, canal, buildings, ridges on each side of river & person seated in middle ground. "Link River, Klamath Falls, Ore." "1900"
Image# 1124: Link River
River with houses along banks & ridges along each side. Similar to photo #1123, but closer view
Image# 1125: Ankeny Ditch
Ditch cut on mid-slope, with river visible on left & ridge slope visible on right. Trail runs beside left side of ditch
Image# 1126: Rushing river with man sitting on landform (island or bank) in left foreground & large, round metal pipeline on rock wall in right fore & middle ground. Possibly Link River
Image# 1127: Untitled
Image# 1128: Many men working with hand tools in shallow water & rocky landform. There are many wooden structures & poles; ridgeline beside river. Possibly Link River
Image# 1129: Wide, glassy river or canal in foreground, trees, agriculture & farm buildings in middle, ridges in background
Image# 1130: 2 small, unpainted wooden buildings built on slope, 1 has tall metal chimney. River is in middle ground, grassy ridge forms banks in background. Possibly Link River
Image# 1131: Upper Klamath Lake
Men working with hand tools in rocky embankment: wooden boxes & crane in foreground; wooden structure & river in middle; buildings, dock & brushy slope in background. "Excavation through the upper reef at outlet of Upper Klamath Lake. Cut 100 feet wide and 8 feet deep. Shippington in the background. October 7, 1921." "Boyle Photograph." Similar to photo #1128
Image# 1132 A-B: Link River Bridge
Arched bridge with guardrail across river. Ridge embankment with houses on left, wooden pier with building & boys fishing on right. "No. 23. Link River Bridge, Klamath Falls, Ore"
Image# 1133: Dredge on barge in Klamath River (?)
Dredger moored on grassy shore with cattle, buildings & trees. River in foreground. Dredger shows large "W" on smokestack & "Western Pacific Dredging Corp." painted on cabin
Image# 1134: Klamath Falls/Linkville
Historic photo of Klamath Falls/Linkville from hill, looking southwest toward Lake Euwana. A church & sawmill are visible, but no large commercial buildings. "From Lawson Kandra"
Image# 1135 A-B: Historic photo of man sitting beside covered wagon & rail fence, in front of river & bridge, looking toward a cluster of buildings. "18? -- P. Britt." Possibly Keno Bridge
Image# 1136: Main Street, Klamath Falls
Photo postcard of at least two 3-part covered freight wagons, each being pulled by 10 mules or horses, in front of the Baldwin Hotel. "Freight--Main Street"
Image# 1137 A-B: Main Street, Klamath Falls
2 open freight wagons with people, being pulled by 4 or 6 horses, in front of Baldwin's Hardware store. Possibl street car tracks are visible in the dirt street; power lines are visible
Image# 1138: Link River Bridge
Arched bridge with guardrail across river. Looking toward Main Street with Baldwin's Hardware store & old Linkville Hotel visible in background
Image# 1139: The "Klamath"
The "Klamath" steamboat moored on bank, near railroad cars. Men working on deck
Image# 1140: Klamath Falls
Photo taken from hills, looking west toward downtown Klamath Falls. "After 1926. Pelican Hotel burned. Pre 1929. Central School standing." "One of 2 clearer views of the Klamath Falls photo; see RR, canal, W.Pelican, 3 sch"
Image# 1141 A-C: Linkville Hotel
Large structure of unpainted logs & boards, shingle roof & balcony. Structure appears to be several attached buildings. "1st hotel in Linkville -- ca: 1874. Don Fisher Collection"
Image# 1142 A-B: Street Car in Winter -- Klamath Falls
Street car pulled by 4 horses with 4 men on rood & 5 men in front. Standing in front of 2-story wooden building with balcony. "Klamath Falls Land & Transportation Co"
Image# 1143 A-B: Covered freight wagon pulled by 12 mules, standing on dirt road in front of plain white building, with 2-story brick building visible behind wagon. Merchants are posed beside wagon & riding mules
1 print is reversed
Image# 1144 A-C: Main Street, Klamath Falls
Many people standing on wooden sidewalks; many freight wheels holding steel rails, pulled by 6-horse teams standing on dirt street with power poles. "Railsteel arrives for the Trolley. Turreted building is the old Linkville Inn. Nina Bubb was a waitress there. Harold Ashley Copy Photo." 1 print is reversed
Image# 1145: Looking from hilltop toward lake & group of large & small buildings. Homes & ranches in foreground, ridges in background. Probably Linkville & Lake Euwana
Image# 1146: Looking across brushy slope & along wooden fence toward farmlands & town on lake shore; ridges in background. May be Linkville & Lake Euwana
Image# 1147 A-B: Looking from grassy shore with logs, across lake or river toward town. Barn on water's edge has painted sign "Stables, (something), Real Estate". Bridge visible in left middle ground; may be Linkville & Lake Euwana
Image# 1148: Looking across brushy slope toward farmlands & town on lake shore; ridges in background. This photo is a panorama with photo #1146; may be Linkville & Lake Euwana
Image# 1149: Steamboat docked next to white building, in front of dark building. Ridges in background
Image# 1150: Steamboat (possibly Klamath) stopped in marshy area. People are standing on deck and in small boats
Image# 1151 A-C: Steamboat with lots of people on deck, on lake with perfect reflection. Levee in middle ground, ridges in background
Image# 1152 A-C: The "Klamath" hull
Old wooden hand-shaped beams with lots of nails, some planks still attached. "Remaining bones of the 'Klamath'. Harold Ashley '40s foto @ Pelican Bay Lbr. Co, now Thomas Lumber Co"
Image# 1153: Modoc Lumber Co.
Looking across grassy flat & Lake Euwana at lumber mill. Ridge in background. "Modoc Lumber Co. on Lake Euwana"
Image# 1154: Ferry boat on dry land with moat around it, people standing beside & on it; foreground is brushy area with wood plank fence, background is canal & marshy area
Image# 1155: The "Klamath"
Ferry boat moored on shore; lake & people on rowboats in foreground, barns in middle ground, tall grassy ridge in background. Men on boat are pulling rope; American flags on staffs in front & rear of boat
Image# 1156: The "Klamath"
Ferry boat moored on flat grassy area, with many people on board. 3 people are standing on the shore
Image# 1157 A-B: Street Car -- Klamath Falls, OR
Man standing on street car with railroad-type wheels, drawn by two horses on dirt street, standing in front of Geo. R. Hu?n, Hardware store. Sign on bus reads: "Klamath Falls Land & Transportation Co. Me for the scrap heap in sixty days. But -- I'll still take you from the depot to Buena Vista Addition on Upper Lake"
Image# 1158 A-C: Street Car -- Klamath Falls, OR
5 men with streetcar, sitting on rails near houses, pulled by two horses. Street is dirt, houses are on hillside. "On Front St., Klamath Falls. Maude Baldwin photo -- from Hal Ogle"
Image# 1159 A-B: Parade -- Klamath Falls, OR
Parade on Main Street (?) Closest vehicle is street car with many men, being pulled by auto; streetcar sign reads: "Buena Vista Addition". Sign on nearest building reads: "Dodge Brothers Motor Card -- Graham Brothers Trucks -- Sales, Service"
Image# 1160: Untitled
Image# 1161: Old stagecoach sitting near fence, trees, woodpile & houses. Canvas cover is torn & stained; painted sign on coach is nearly illegible; presumably "Oregon Stagecoach"
Image# 1162: 3 old stagecoaches sitting near unpainted warehouse above large lake. Stagecoach on right is identical to stagecoach in photo #1161; painted signs on 2 coaches read "Oregon Stagecoach"
Image# 1163: Klamath Falls Auto Co.
5 old autos parked in front of wooden building with false front; many men in & around autos. Brick building on right. "Fully equipped machine -- repair shop & blacksmithing -- any thing for an automobile"
Image# 1164: Riverside Hotel
Stagecoach with 2 men riding & 4 horses pulling, parked in front of wooden building with false front, named Riverside Hotel. Several men & boys are standing on hotel porch
Image# 1165: Cattle drive down Main Street Klamath Falls
Mostly wooden buildings with false fronts, power poles, dirt street, wood sidewalks. Wagons, cowboys & drug store in view
Image# 1166: Baldwin's Hardware Store
7 horses pulling 3-part freight wagon with driver, standing in front of Baldwin's Hardware store. Street is dirt; rock wall on right may be for Baldwin Hotel; saloon is on left of store
Image# 1166: Main Street, Klamath Falls
Image# 1167 A-B: Baldwin's Hardware Store
7 horses pulling oil or water drum on wheels, with driver and rider, standing in front of Baldwin's Hardware store. First National Bank is in store. Drum reads "14000 Lbs." "Freighter, come in from Topsy Grade." 1 photo is torn
Image# 1167 A-B: Main Street, Klamath Falls
Image# 1168: Baldwin Hotel
3 men in wool overcoat & hats, standing in the rain in front of Hotel Baldwin. 2 horses pulling buggy are standing beside them. Man on left resembles Theo. Roosevelt. From Klamath County Museum
Image# 1169: Native American woman dressed in woven hat & striped dress, seated in front of simple tent, weaving baskets
Image# 1170: 3 men standing by large rock mound on brushy flat. Survey instrument is on rock mound, large post is laid on it. "From Bud Uzes"
Image# 1171: Last Steam Locomotive
Engine #2012 (or 72012) pulling cars on railroad track with steam rising from smokestack & wheels. Houses & power poles behind train. "Last steam locomotive (Modoc Field in background)"
Image# 1172: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound
Image# 1173: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1172, but different angle with ridge in background
Image# 1174: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1173, but with young man standing beside mound
Image# 1175: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1174, but different angle, man is crouching & fence is visible in middle ground
Image# 1176: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1175, but young man not in photo
Image# 1177: Large juniper tree behind fence, with open blaze showing scribing. Probably bearing tree for rock mound in photos #1172-1176
Image# 1178: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1176, but different camera orientation
Image# 1179: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1177, but different angle -- may be lake in background
Image# 1180: Large rock mound on juniper flat with tall pole & short post in top of mound -- same as photo #1178, but different camera angle
Image# 1181: Large rock mound beside barbed wire fence. Rectangular rock on top of pile has "NEVADA" etched on it
Image# 1182: Short rock wall/structure on small hilltop above dirt road with van parked on it. Brushy, rolling slope with juniper trees in middle ground, bluffs in background
Image# 1183 A-B: Short rock wall/structure on small hilltop above dirt road. Same structure as photo #1182, but different angle. Brushy slope on left & grassy marsh or meadow on right middle ground, ridges & bluffs in background
Image# 1184: Dirt road between barbed wire fences & hay fields, leading to home & parked cars set in tree grove. Mountain with trees & snow in background
Image# 1185: Man crouching in field of hay, with barbed wire fences & cattle in middle ground, lake & mountain ridges in background
Image# 1186: Close-up of old, dry wood with scribing or brand marks visible
Image# 1187: Close-up of old, dry wood with scribing or brand marks visible -- mark is shaped as oval with possible slash through it
Image# 1188: Close-up of old, dry wood with scribing or brand marks visible
Image# 1189: Klamath Agency
2-story white wooden house in pine & deciduous trees. "Klamath Indians: Superintendent's residence at the Klamath Agency. Built in 1916. Now completely razed. 1960"
Image# 1190: Man (possibly Van Landrum) sitting beside pool of water in grove of cottonwood trees, with light snow on ground
Image# 1191: 2 men sitting beside pool of water in grove of cottonwood trees, with light snow on ground -- same place as photo #1190
Image# 1192 A-D: Man standing beside a deteriorated wall (foundation?) built from large squared rocks; in brush/juniper area in front of steep, rocky slope
Image# 1197 A-D: Pokegama log chute
Log chute coming down mountain to river, with logs along chute & in river. Some logs are making a huge splash in river. 1 photo is torn & 1 photo is badly wrinkled
Image# 1198 A-B: Woman waling on wooden railroad trestle above steep canyon. Hills in background are very rocky & brushy
Image# 1199: Large wooden railroad trestle above steep canyon, with rail cars on trestle, river & houses below. Same trestle as photo #1198, but very different angle
Image# 1200: Ferry boat with lots of people on upper deck; small ridge in background
Image# 1201: Untitled
Image# 1202 A-B: The "Winema"
Ferry boat "Winema" approaching with lots of people on board. A round object is on left foreground, wooded ridgeline is in background
Image# 1203: A flatboat with upper deck & cabin, on shore with lots of people on board. Boat is names "ALM?" -- last letter is covered
Image# 1204: The "Klamath"
Ferry boat with lots of passengers moving between 2 visible shorelines. Left foreground has small wooden dock, background is open, wooded ridges
Image# 1205: The "Klamath"
Ferry boat with lots of passengers on open water in front of Klamath Falls; Central school is visible. Canoe is being rowed near boat
Image# 1206: Ferry boat docked on timbered shoreline, with lots of passengers on board; several people are on shore
Image# 1207: The "Klamath"
Ferry boat with lots of passengers on open water in front of Klamath Falls; Central school is visible. Very similar to photo #1205, but boat is going in opposite direction
Folder
90
Fremont -- 3rd Expedition
91
Fremont -- Photo Copies
92
Lord, John K. on Indian Dogs
93
Lord, John K. on his Klamath trip
94
Bill Burk
95
Sam Dicken
96
Hamaker
97
Fremont -- Longitudes 2nd Expedition
98
Untitled
99
Klamath Tribal Termination
100a
East of Klamath Lake
100b
Hish-Tish Fish in Spencer Creek
101
Indian Citizenship
102
Indians
103
Oregon Historical Society
104
Rogers Reservation
105
Field Notes of T33S, R7A East, part 1
110
Julius Wicks Diary/Amos Bowmon Diary
1863
111
Chas. Hood/Pearl B. Smith Letters
1 July 1988
112
Zimmerman, Ed
114
Meldrum Journal
115
McCrank Interviews
1961
116
File Inventory -- Partial
117
Sam Fleener
118
Fremont Jr. High Library Inventory
119
Helen Helfrich Book
120
K.C.M. -- Res. Lib. Inventory
121
Deschutes National Forest (map)
122
Joel Palmer Notebook
123
High Rock Canyon & Little High Rock Canyon
125
Collier Park Surveys
126
George Nurse's Divorce
127
Ogden
128
Oregon Trunk Railway
129
Oregon Geographic Names
131
Public Lands
132
Ralph Shane
133
Silver Lake Fire
134
Siskiyou County, Ca Map
135
Stanford & Vina
136
The Bly Valley Story
137
Ashland Tidings
140
Florence Calmes Scrap Book
141
Clippings
142
"Cap" Collier
143
Corliss Engine Shelter
145
Meteorite
146
Miscellaneous Documents
147
C.G. Merrill Papers
148
Linkville Papers R.E. Veatch
2/28/1966
149
Maps -- Price Lists
170
Allotment Surveys
230
My playhouse was a Concord Coach
231
Van Brimmer Cabin
232
West Point
233
Waters, Dr. Aaron
234
Klamath Lake Treaty 1864
235
Steele Treaty and Letter
236
Freemont -- Chrono Diffs 2nd
238
Fremont -- Cannon
1 piece title: The Myth of the Fremont Howitzer
240
Rabid Coyotes
Occurs in Lakeview
241
Merganser Plat
Typed field notes for the Town of Merganser County of Lake and State of OR w/map
242
Jerry O'Callaghan IV
The Disposition of the Public Domain in OR -- use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs pamphlet
279
Klamath Termination
280
Klamath Indians
Correspondence and American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications
281
Infernal Caverns
Questions for Mr. Landrum, map of Likely, CA
282
Huntington, J.W. Perit
Letter from OHS regaurding JWP Huntington photo
283
Joseph H. Hyser, U.S. Calvalry
Fort Klamath Nov. 1-18th 1968 (journal)
284
Preuss Diary
285
Samuel Neal from Bill Cadman
Samuel Neal California Pioneer and a brief history of the Durham family. By Edna Reynolds Durham
286
Fremont 2nd expedition
Documents pertaining to Second expedition on Columbia River along with maps of lakes
287
Fremont, Lt. John C
295
Shadows on the North Pole Photographs
296
The Navigator's Newsletter
297
Robert E. Peary at the North Pole
Box
1
Modoc Lumber Co. "Cutting the Last Log"

VHS cassette
5/1/1995
1
Rutenic-McLeod Collection for sale, displayed in LaConner, WA, Modoc baskets, etc

VHS cassette
6/22/1997
1
75th anniversary video, Morrison/Knudson Contractors

VHS cassette
2
Interview: Alfred D. Collier, retail lumberman

audio reel tape
Interviewed by Francis S. Landrum and Scott Warren. Scott Warren's sister married Alfred D. Collier's younger brother
2
Interview: Seldon Kirk, last permanent general chairman of the Klamath Indian Tribe

audio reel tape
Interviewed by Francis S. Landrum
2
Interview: Beryl Pleas, longtime usherette and employee of the Pine Tree and Pelican Theaters

audio reel tape
Interviewed by Francis S. Landrum and James O'Donohue. Beryl Pleas track into Klamath Falls was via McCloud River Railroad, Bartle, Davis Road, Laird Landing, and thence via steanship (Klamath ?) to the docks on Lake Ewauna near the Link River bridge
2
Interview: Charles Guy Merrill

audio reel tape
Interviewed by William ganong and Francis S. Landrum. The interview occurred on Merrill's birthday at his daughter's (Betty Lee Merrill Ganong) residence on South Laguna Street in Klamath Falls, OR
2
Interviews: Ben Pickett and Anna Pickett; John O'Shea

audio reel tape
Picketts interviewed by Scott Warren and Francis S. Landrum at the Picketts' home in Malin, OR; O'Shea interviewed by Scott Warren and Francis S. Landrum at O'Shea's home northwest of Tulelake, CA
2
Interview: Francis S. Landrum about the establishment of the Klamath Indian Reservation

audio reel tape
Interviewed by C. William Burk, curator of the Klamath County Museum
1/29/1967
2
Interview: Ray Telford, proprietor of "early day sporting goods store" in Klamath Falls, OR, well known boat builder

audio reel tape
Interviewed by Francis S. Landrum at his home on Conger Avenue in Klamath Falls, OR
2
Museum

audio reel tape
2
Eyewitness account of the hanging of Calvin Hall and his gang in Lookout, CA

audio reel tape
Excerpt from interview with Charles Guy Merrill
1901 or 1902
2
Daniel G. Major

microfilm
2
Oregon Historical Quarterly Index 1900-1939 (reel 71-49) from the Oregon Historical Society

microfilm

Series V:  MapsReturn to Top

7 map case drawers

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Indians of North America -- Wars
  • Modoc Indians -- Wars, 1873
  • West (U.S,)—Discovery and Exploration
  • Personal Names :
  • Frémont, John Charles--1813-1890
  • Jack, -- Captain, Modoc Chief, -- d. 1873
  • Landrum, Francis S.--Archives
  • Geographical Names :
  • California--History
  • Nevada--History
  • Oregon--History
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Landrum, Patricia L. (creator)