Cassandra O. Phelps Papers, 1914-1945  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Phelps, Cassandra O., 1879-1965
Title
Cassandra O. Phelps Papers
Dates
1914-1945
Quantity
.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Collection 416, MtBC, us (collection)
Summary
The Cassandra O. Phelps Papers consist of personal papers and newspaper clipping scrapbooks created or collected by Cassandra O. Phelps. Topics include: the inaugural meeting minutes of the Judith Basin County Chapter of the American Pioneer Trails Association, May 29, 1945, the Montana Council organizational activities, research inquiries regarding the National Industrial Conference Board, farm foreclosures in the mid 1920s, illustrations and pricing of horse harness equipment circa 1915, and National Cash Register company recording transactions of an unidentified business in 1914. Other topics include general Montana history, the vigilantes of 1863-64, Charles M. Russell, and the battle of the Little Bighorn. However, as well as financial information.
Repository
Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT
59717-3320
Telephone: 406-994-4242
Fax: 406-994-2851
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Cassandra O. Phelps was born in Effingham, Kansas on October 30, 1879. She married Walter G. Phelps, a former railway worker, in 1913 and the couple worked a homestead about fourteen miles southwest of Hobson, Montana. In 1926, the Phelps lost their farm, sold all the equipment, and moved to Hobson. Cassandra became a caseworker for the Montana State Department of Public Welfare in 1937, a position she held until her retirement in 1951. She was active in several organizations, including the Montana Federation of Women's Clubs and the American Pioneer Trails Association. Walter Phelps died on January 4, 1930 and Cassandra Phelps died in Lewistown, Montana on September 1, 1965.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Phelps papers consist of three folders of personal papers and three newspaper clipping scrapbooks created or collected by Cassandra O. Phelps. The first folder includes the inaugural meeting minutes of the Judith Basin County Chapter of the American Pioneer Trails Association, May 29, 1945, along with letters exchanged between Phelps and the Montana Council of the organization and other parties concerned with the organization's activities. A few related pamphlets and brochures are included. The second folder contains two letters written to Walter G. Phelps in response to his 1926 research inquiries regarding the National Industrial Conference Board and typed transcriptions of articles dealing with farm foreclosures and the related radical political stance taken by many hard-pressed dryland farmers in Montana and elsewhere. The third folder contains laid-in newspaper clippings removed from the three scrapbooks. The first scrapbook volume is actually the Saddlery Catalog No. 102 , Marshall-Wells Hardware Company, Duluth, Minnesota. The articles pasted within its pages deal almost entirely with farm foreclosures during the mid-1920s in Montana and elsewhere, but many pages were left intact with illustrations and pricing of horse harness equipment circa 1915. Scrapbook number two is actually a volume of daily business statements published by the National Cash Register company recording transactions of an unidentified business in 1914. Again, most of the pages have been pasted over with newspaper clippings, mostly dealing with general Montana history, the vigilantes of 1863-1864, Charles M. Russell, and the battle of the Little Bighorn. However, some pages in this book were left intact with the financial information visible. The third scrapbook is an account ledger from an unidentified business whose pages are almost entirely obscured with newspaper clippings, again dealing with general Montana history.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1 Cassandra Phelps documents 1945
1/2 Walter G. Phelps documents 1926
1/3 Laid-in scrapbook items
Box
1 Scrapbook Volume 1
1 Scrapbook Volume 2
2 Scrapbook Volume 3

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Dry farming-Montana
  • Farm foreclosures-Montana
  • Farmers-Political activity-United States
  • Frontier and pioneer life-Montana
  • Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876
  • Saddlery-Catalogs
  • Trails-West (U.S.)-Societies, etc
  • Vigilance committees-Montana
  • Vigilantes-Montana
  • Personal Names :
  • Phelps, Cassandra O., 1879-1965
  • Phelps, Walter G. (Walter Gillespie), 1883-1930
  • Russell, Charles M. (Charles Marion), 1864-1926
  • Corporate Names :
  • American Pioneer Trails Association-Montana Council
  • National Industrial Conference Board
  • Geographical Names :
  • Montana-Economic conditions-20th century
  • Montana-History
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Business records
  • Catalogs
  • Clippings
  • Personal papers-Montana
  • Scrapbooks
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Phelps, Walter G. (Walter Gillespie), 1883-1930 (creator)
    • Corporate Names :
    • American Pioneer Trails Association-Judith Basin County Chapter (creator)
    • Marshall-Wells Hardware Company (Duluth, Minn.) (creator)
    • National Cash Register Company (creator)