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Mount Baker Club Records, 1897-2002

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Mount Baker Club
Title
Mount Baker Club Records
Dates
1897-2002 (inclusive)
1925-2002 (bulk)
Quantity
14 linear feet
Collection Number
XOE_CPNWS0006mtbaker (collection)
Summary
The collection includes minute books, newsletters, scrapbooks, periodicals and books related to mountaineering and outdoor activities in the Pacific Northwest, together with membership, financial and legal records, and photographs related to club activities from 1925 to 2002.
Repository
Western Washington University, Center for Pacific Northwest Studies
Goltz-Murray Archives Building
808 25th St.
Bellingham, WA
98225
Telephone: 360-650-7534
cpnws@wwu.edu
Access Restrictions

The Collection is open to the public.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for preparing this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the Washington State Legislature to the Washington Women's History Consortium. Funding for encoding the finding aid was awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Founded in 1911 by community leaders and local businessmen in Bellingham, the Mount Baker "Hiking" Club originated as a means to promote economic development in the city and its surrounding area. Under the leadership of individuals such as Charles Finley Easton, early members sought to attract tourists and investors to Mt. Baker by publicizing its natural resources. Early promotional efforts included organizing the Mt. Baker Marathons (the precursors to today’s Ski to Sea race) held between Mt. Baker and Bellingham between 1911 and 1913. From its inception, therefore, the Club’s interests and activities have been closely related to the development, conservation and use of the Mount Baker area.

Although the Club’s origins can be traced to 1911, the Mount Baker Club was not formally incorporated until August 1928. Under the leadership of presidents such as C.A. ”Happy” Fisher, the newly incorporated Mount Baker “Hiking” Club continued to emphasize pursuit of outdoor activities, focusing in particular on hiking and skiing at Mount Baker and the surrounding mountains in the North Cascades. During the 1930s, skiing in particular became increasingly popular around the Heather Meadows area on the lower slopes of Mt. Baker. In 1935 - the year that Bellingham’s first winter sports carnival was held at Mt. Baker Mountain - the Mt. Baker Ski Club was formed. Although separate entities, the Hiking and Ski Clubs remained closely affiliated for many years, sharing resources and the monthly newsletter, “The Rambler.”

From the Mt. Baker Club’s inception through the present day, its members have engaged regularly in camping, hiking and other outdoor pursuits throughout the Cascade region. Destinations for hiking expeditions have included British Columbia, Mt. Rainier and the Pasayten Wilderness, as well as mountains and trails around Mt. Baker and the North Cascades. The Club has also been responsible for building and maintaining property in the Mt. Baker area, including cabins at Mazama Park, Glacier, and the Kulshan Cabin below Heliotrope Ridge on the Glacier Trail. Constructed originally in 1925, Kulshan Cabin was rebuilt in 1949 and maintained under joint ownership by the Club and the Associated Students of Western Washington College of Education (now Western Washington University).

The history of the Mt. Baker “Hiking” Club has been characterized by its members’ consistent interest and involvement in efforts to protect and conserve natural resources for human enjoyment. Charles Finley Easton in particular was an early proponent and supporter of plans to establish a National Park in the Baker region. Although the North Cascades National Park was established in 1967, Mt. Baker itself was excluded from this region. It was not until 1984, with the passage of the Wilderness Act, that Mt. Baker itself was afforded recognition and protection through federal legislation. Besides the Club’s interest in this and other legislative developments relating to the natural environment, its members have also worked to ensure the maintenance of regional trails and resources for outdoor recreation. Among the Club’s major conservation efforts was their restoration of a former forest service lookout at Winchester Mountain in 1982.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Mount Baker Club collection contains detailed records of the Club’s activities and interests from its formal inception in 1928 through 2001. With the exception of a small number of photographs dating from 1925, the bulk of materials in the collection date from 1928 onwards.

The Collection’s administrative records reflect the formal history of the Mt. Baker Club, including its incorporation in August 1928, by-laws, property records and minutes from monthly meetings. The minute books comprise an especially valuable resource for researchers, documenting Club interests and activities between 1928 and 1995. They include early membership listings, detailed information regarding the maintenance of cabins in the Mt. Baker area, and also reflect the Club’s later concerns with conservation and environmental issues.

The hiking, camping and social activities of Mt. Baker Club are well documented in newsletters, scrapbooks and outing records. The collection contains an almost complete set of the Club’s official newsletter, “The Rambler,” from its first edition in August 1928 through 2000. Copies of the Rambler reflect the outdoor, social and educational pursuits of the Club, including information about its hiking trips and camping expeditions. The scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings and written notes, and most notably, a large number of photographs pertaining to Club outings and social events. Photographs in the 1927-1931 scrapbook, for example, document the Club’s first winter climb of Mt. Baker in 1925, the construction of the cabins at Mazama Park and Heliotrope Ridge, and the skiing tournament at Mount Baker Lodge in 1931. Outing records include trip schedules, written reports, trail literature and maps from hiking and camping expeditions.

Researchers should note that the collection at the CPNWS does not include the original scrapbook compiled by Charles Finley Easton, which documents the history and early ascents of Mt. Baker, and which was used as a as a promotional tool in lobbying for a National Park at Mount Baker. Easton’s scrapbook was donated in 1946 to the Whatcom Museum of History and Art in Bellingham, where it is now housed in the Museum’s Photo Archives.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The original copy of the Club's Summit Log 1925-1930 is restricted due to fragility - a copy is available to researchers.

Preferred Citation

Mount Baker Club Records, Center for Pacific Northwest Studies, Heritage Resources, Western Washington University, Bellingham WA 98225-9123.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series I:   Administrative Records, 1925-2001Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Sub-series 1: Minutes
1928-1995
Box/Folder
1/1
Minute Book
1928-1938
1/2
Minute Book
1938-1946
1/3
Minute Book
1946-1952
2/1
Minute Book
1952-1958
2/2
Minute Book
1959-1969
2/3
Minute Book
1969-1982
2/4
Minute Book
1982-1995
Sub-series 2: Incorporation records
1953-2001
Box/Folder
3/1
Records and Certificate of Incorporation
2001 May
Constitution and By-laws
Box/Folder
3/2
Mount Baker Club
“pre-1953”,; 1953 ,; 1972,; 1984,; 1994
3/3
(Proposed) of Federation of Western Outdoor Clubs
undated
3/4
Bellingham Camera Club
1968
Sub-series 3: Membership records
1947-1993
Box/Folder
3/5
Correspondence re: membership
1949
3/6
Membership Application Cards
1936-2002
3/7
Membership Application Cards
1938-1998
3/8
Membership Application Cards
1951-1980s
3/9
Membership Application Cards
1976-2002
3/10
Membership Release and Indemnity Agreements
2001-2002
3/11
Membership Release and Indemnity Agreements
2002-2003
3/12
Membership Cards
1950-1952, ; 1961-1963
3/13
Membership Lists (Club and Board Members)
undated,; 1947-1958,; 1964
3/14
Membership List (Club Members)
1983-1985, ; 1986-1988,; 1991-1993
3/15
Cascade Wilderness Club Membership List
undated
Sub-series 4: Legal and Financial records
1928-1967
Box/Folder
3/16
Receipt and Disbursement Book
1928-1932
3/17
Memo re: Bookkeeping Records
1948
3/18
Capitol Stock Tax
1933-1938
3/19
Contracts and Agreements re: the Kulshan Cabin and property
1928-1948,; 1966
3/20
Mount Baker Club Insurance Policies
1937,; 1948,; 1960
3/21
Health Insurance Information
circa 1966-1967
Sub-series 5: Property records
1925-1999
Box/Folder
3/22
Field Equipment Inventories
1987,; 1992 ,; 1999
Mount Baker Cabin
Box/Folder
3/23
Building Specifications for Cabin on Heliotrope Ridge
1925,; undated
3/24
Agreements and records re: Mt. Baker Club and Western Washington College of Education joint ownership of Kulshan Cabin
1948-1966

Series II:   Club Activities, 1925-2002Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Sub-series 1: Club Outings
1925-2002
Box/Folder
3/25-3/26
Summit Log (restricted - copy available)
1925-1930
3/27
Records of Trip Attendance
1961-1962
3/28
Classification of Outings
undated
Outing Records and Reports
Box/Folder
3/29
Chiwack River (Boundary Trail)
1977,; 1980
3/30
Chiwaukum Mountains, Icicle Creek
1981 July
3/31
Mt. Rainier (Silver Springs Campground)
1983
3/32
Pasayten Wilderness
1976 July
3/33
Sawtooth Ridge
1977, ; 1979,; 1981
3/34-3/36
General
1963,; 1977-1982,; 1985-1986,; 1993-1994,; 2002
Box/Folder
3/37
Trails Information
circa 1968-1982
Sub-series 2: Winchester Lookout
1983-2004
Box/Folder
3/38
"The Winchester Lookout," by Vern Renius
1982 October 26
3/39
“The Winchester Mountain Cabin,” Dave Jette
undated
3/40-3/42
Winchester Lookout Guest Book
1983-1984
3/43
Winchester Lookout Guest Book
1988-1994
3/44
Winchester Lookout Guest Book
1989-1993
3/45
Winchester Lookout Guest Book
2002-2004
3/46
Nominations to National Register of Historic Places (Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest Lookouts)
1986
Sub-series 3: Photographs
"Hiking Trip Photos" comprise images collected by Club members Hazel and Carl Priest, arranged by location. The collection also contains CDs with digital copies of many of these images.
circa 1925-1980s
Oversize Folder
1
Photo of club members
1925
Box/Folder
3/47-3/48
Hiking, Social Events, and Scenery
circa 1930s-1950s,; 1970s-1980s
3/49
Mt Baker Club 50th Reunion
1971
Hiking Trip Photos
circa 1948-1975
Box/Folder
3/50
Hiking Trips (general)
undated
Hiking – Mt. Baker area
Box/Folder
4/1
Mt. Baker Recreation Area (general)
circa 1948-1960
4/2
Chain Lakes
circa 1948-1957
4/3
Lake Ann / Shuksan Arm
circa 1948-1966
4/4
Ptarmigan Ridge / Coleman Pinnacle / Camp Kaiser
circa 1948-1957
4/5
Kulshan Cabin / Coleman Glacier / Hogback Ridge / Grouse Ridge
circa 1949-1971
4/6
Goat Mountain
1949
4/7
Douglas Fir Hike
1949
4/8
Anderson Creek
1947
4/9
Winchester Area / Twin Lakes / Gargett Mines
1947-1948, ; 1952,; 1970
4/10
Church Mountain
1948
4/11
Welcome Pass
1948
4/12
Hannegan Pass
1948
4/13
Baker Lake
1949, ; 1972
4/14
Sauk Mountain
1951,; 1972
4/15
Ross Lake Dam / Diablo Lake
1956
Hiking - Foothills
Box/Folder
4/16
Canyon Creek (Nooksack River)
1948
4/17
Devils Garden / Devils Mt.
1948, ; 1957
4/18
Sumas Mountain /Deming Lookout
1948
4/19
Entwhistle
1957
4/20
Stewart [Stuart] Mt.
1971
4/21
Bowman Ridge
1948
4/22
Cultus Mt.
1949
4/23
Lookout Mt.
1948
4/24
Blonden Cabin
1971
5/1
Chuckanut / Larrabee
1948, ; 1958, ; 1972
5/2
California St / Lake Samish
1975
5/3
Fisherman’s Cove
1948
Hiking – Coastal Areas
Box/Folder
5/4
Governor’s Point
1957
5/5
Point Roberts
1971
5/6
Birch Bay
1949-1957
5/7
Fort Bellingham
1971
5/8
Bird Refuge [?]
1974
5/9
Unidentified beach hikes
circa 1953-1970
Hiking – outside Whatcom County
Box/Folder
5/10
Deception Pass / Mt. Erie
1948-1957
5/11
Camano Island
1956
5/12
Ebey’s Landing
1971
5/13
Ft. Casey (Whidbey Island)
1956
5/14
San Juan Islands
1971
5/15
Monte Cristo
1948, ; 1957
5/16
Buck Creek
1971
5/17
Mt. Rainier/Mt. Fremont
1956-1957, ; 1966-1967
5/18
Ohme Gardens / Palouse Falls
1961, ; 1972
5/19
Icicle Creek
1972
5/20
Grouse Mt., B.C.
circa 1950
5/21
Indian Arm, B.C.
1956
5/22
Stanley Park, B.C.
1956-1971
Sub-series 4: Newspapers and Clippings
circa 1940-1972
Box/Folder
6/1-6/2
Clippings Book
1940s
6/3
Newspaper clippings
1963, ; 1972,; 1993,; 2003
oversizefolder
2
Bellingham Herald Centennial Edition
1953 April 26
Sub-series 5: Film
Films of "Mt Baker Club Hikes" were created by club members Carl and Hazel Priest. The Priest films are on reel to reel format, with a copy available on video cassette tape.
1948-1952
Box/Folder
6/4
Mt. Baker Skiing (reel to reel tape)
1948
Mt. Baker Club Hikes
Box/Folder
6/5
Beach / Canyon Creek / Sumas Mountain 1948; Skyline Ridge / Tomyhoi Mountain/ Cultus Mountain
1949
6/6
Suiattle Mountain / Mt. Baker 1950; Sauk Mountain / Ross Dam / Mt. Baker Trail
1951
6/7
Bowman Ridge / Mt. Rainier / Mt. Baker / Kulshan
1952
7/1
Ruth Mountain / Lake Ann / Grouse Butte
1951-1952
7/2
Cascade Pass / Camp Kiser / Church Mt
circa 1952
7/3
VCR copy of Priest footage
undated
Sub-series 6: Song Books
1926, ; 1978-1979
Box/Folder
7/4
Club Song Books
1926,; 1978-1979
Sub-series 7: Club History Files
1909-2004
Box/Folder
7/5
Announcement of 16th Annual Outing of the Mazamas
1909
7/6
Information re: Origins of Mt. Baker Club (Whatcom Museum of History and Art)
undated
7/7
Koons, Fritz. "My Life Story."
undated
7/8
"Mighty Joe Morovitz: Real Life Bunyan," Sports Illustrated.
1963 January 7
7/9
Mt. Baker Club 50th Anniversary Dinner,
1971 October.
7/10
Spieseke, Alice W. Accounts of "Winnie's Slide,"
1980
7/11
Website
2004 April 4
7/12
Copies of Legislation Regarding the Establishment of Mt. Baker National Park
1916-1917
Sub-series 8: Printed Hiking Information
circa 1927-1980
Box/Folder
8/1
American Alpine Club. “Accidents in North American Mountaineering”
1963
8/2
Hiking Safety pamphlets
circa 1970s-1980s
8/3
National Park and National Forests
1927-1937,; 1961,; 1976
8/4
“Pacific Coast Berry Finder,”
1978
8/5
“Mountain Flowers of Manning Park”
1969
8/6
“Backpacking and Hiking: An Annotated Booklist.” Bellingham Public Library
1970s
Sub-series 9: Maps
circa 1902-1974
Oversize Folder
3
Forestry and Parks
1949-1974
Washington (11 items)
undated
British Columbia (2 items)
undated
4
Topographical Maps, Washington (19 items)
1902-1969
Rolled Document
1
Topographical Map, Washington
undated
oversizefolder
4
Washington Industry and Resources (6 items)
1965, ; 1976,; 1981

Series III :  Club Newsletters , 1928-2004Return to Top

The series comprises an almost complete set of the Club’s official newsletter, “The Rambler,” from its first edition in August 1928 through 2004.

Container(s) Description Dates
Club Newsletters
Box/Folder
8/7
"The Rambler"
1928 August-1932 September
8/8
"The Rambler"
1934-1939
8/9
"The Rambler"
1940-1949
8/10
"The Rambler"
1950-1959
8/11
"The Rambler"
1960-1969
8/12
"The Rambler"
1970 January- 1972 November
8/13
"The Rambler"
1972 December- 1975 December
8/14
"The Rambler"
1976 January - 1979 January
8/15
"The Rambler"
1980-1984
8/16
"The Rambler"
1985-1989
8/17
"The Rambler"
1990-2000
8/18
"The Rambler"
2002-2005

Series IV:   Club Scrapbooks , 1925-1985Return to Top

The first Mount Baker Hiking Club scrapbook, compiled by Charles Easton, was donated to the Whatcom Museum of History and Art in 1946. The original scrapbook is now held in the Museum’s Photo Archives and is also available on CD Rom.

Container(s) Description Dates
Information re: Easton Scrapbook
Box/Folder
8/19
Key to Easton Scrapbook
undated
8/20
Permission for Bellingham Public Library to copy
1957-1961
Mt. Baker Club Scrapbooks
Box/Folder
9/1
Scrapbook
1925-1931
9/2
Scrapbooks
1931-1938
9/3
Scrapbooks
1940-1950
Volume
1
Scrapbook
1950-1956
2
Scrapbook
1957-1958
3
Scrapbook
1958-1960
4
Scrapbook
1961-1964
5
Scrapbook
1965-1967
6
Scrapbook
1968-1974
7
Scrapbook
1974-1977
8
Scrapbook
1977-1981
9
Scrapbook
1981-1985
10
Scrapbook
1985-1988
11
Scrapbook
1989-1993
12
Scrapbook
1993-2000

Series V:   Mountaineering Periodicals , 1897-1983Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
10/1
The Argus, Christmas Edition
1922
10/2
B.C. Mountaineer
1974,; 1979
10/3
Camper and Hiker,
1928 March-April,; 1928 August
10/4
Camp Life
1929 January- July
10/5
Camp Life
1929 September-October
10/6
Klipsun
1979 June
10/7
Lamontaña
1936 March
10/8
Mazama
1897-1912
10/9
Mazama
1914-1917
10/10
Mazama
1918-1921
10/11
Mazama
1922-1925
10/12
Mazama
1927 December
10/13
Mazama
1928 December
10/14
Mazama
1929 December
10/15
Mazama
1931 December
10/16
Mazama
1932 December
10/17
Mazama
1933 December
10/18
Mazama
1936 December
10/19
Mazama
1982 March
11/1
The Mountaineer
1908 November
11/2
The Mountaineer
1909 November
11/3
The Mountaineer
1907-1913
11/4
The Mountaineer
1918-1921
11/5
The Mountaineer
1922-1925
11/6
The Mountaineer
December 1927
11/7
The Mountaineer
December 1928
11/8
The Mountaineer
1929 December
11/9
The Mountaineer
1931 December
11/10
The Mountaineer
1932 December
11/11
The Mountaineer
1933 December
11/12
The Mountaineer
1983 July, ; 1983 September
11/13
Overland Monthly
1925 March
11/14
Signpost for Northwest Trails
1983 March
11/15
The Westerner
1906 September

Series VI:   Mountaineering Publications , 1916-1986Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
11/16
Beaty, Jeanne Kellar. Lookout Wife. New York, Random House,
1953
11/17
Denham, A.H. The Name of Mount Tacoma. Tacoma: Rotary Club,
1924
11/18
Fordyce, Trail Craft. Cincinnati: Stewart Kidd Publishers,
1921
11/19
Forest Outings. Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture,
1940
12/1
Fourth Report of the United States Geographic Board, 1890-1916. Washington Government Printing Office
1916
12/2
Freeman, Lewis R. On the Roof of the Rockies. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company
1925
12/3
Jeffries, LeRoy.Selected List of Books on Mountaineering. New York Public Library
1970
12/4
Lefebvre, Rosamond Neumann. Charmed Land: A Book of Northwestern Verse. Chicago: Grosser-Bigelow Company
1931
12/5
Mount Baker: A Chronicle of its Historic Eruptions and First Ascent. Ed. Harry Majors. Seattle: Northwest Press
1978
12/6
Petzoldt, Paul. The Wilderness Handbook. New York: WW Norton & Co
1974
12/7
Prevention of Disease and Care of the Sick. US Public Health Service, Treasury Department
1918
12/8
Proudman, Robert D. and Reuben Rajala. Trail Building and Maintenance. Appalachian Mountain Club
1981
12/9
Spring, Ira. and Byron Fish. Lookouts: Firewatchers of the Cascades and Olympics. Seattle: The Mountaineers
1981
12/10
The Mountain: Brief Submitted to the US Geographic Board [re: Name of Mt. Rainier]. Tacoma: Justice to the Mountain Committee
1917
12/11
Wilcox, Ken. Hiking Whatcom County: Selected Walks, Hikes, Parks & Viewpoints. Bellingham: Northwest Wilderness Guides
1986