Henry B. Carrington manuscript, circa 1900  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Carrington, Henry Beebee, 1824-1912
Title
Henry B. Carrington manuscript
Dates
circa 1900 (inclusive)
Quantity
1 item
Collection Number
Mss 147
Summary
This collection consists of a photocopy of Henry B. Carrington's manuscript reminiscence, The Exodus of the Flatheads from Their Ancestral Home in the Garden Valley, Montana to the Jocko Reservation, Montana, which describes his account of the 1891 removal of the Flathead Indians from the Bitterroot Valley to the Jocko Valley
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Henry Beebee Carrington was born in Wallingford, Connecticut on March 2, 1824. He graduated from Yale University in 1845 (B.A.) and attended Yale University Law School in 1847. He practiced law in Ohio. During the Civil War he was appointed colonel of the 18th U.S. Infantry (May, 1861) and brigadier general of volunteers (Nov, 1862). Carrington supervised military tribunals in Indiana and Ohio, trials later ruled "illegal" by the Supreme Court. He was mustered out of volunteer service in 1865. He joined his regiment in 1866 and established Fort Philip Kearney in the Dakota Territory. He led military campaigns against the Sioux Indians, negotiated the 1872 treaty with the Flathead Indians of Montana and provided for their removal to the reservation in 1891, and conducted relocation and census studies of other tribes. Carrington wrote several popular American history texts. He died in Hyde Park, Massachusetts on October 26, 1912.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of a photocopy of Carrington’s undated typescript reminiscence,The Exodus of the Flatheads from Their Ancestral Home in the Garden Valley, Montana to the Jocko Reservation, Montana, which describes his perspective of the 1891 removal of the Flathead Indians from the Bitterroot Valley to the Jocko Valley, where a portion of the tribe had already been settled. There are handwritten corrections and other annotations that vary through several copies of each sub-section of the manuscript. He gives a summary of Western settlement and Indian removal, a description of the Bitterroot Valley including its early white settlement, and describes the attempt to remove the Flatheads in 1889 that was resumed in 1891. He gives an extensive account of his negotiations with Chief Charlo and other parties. There is a typescript copy of the 1872 treaty that he negotiated with the Flatheads, and several appendixes concerned with sources and value of reservation land.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyrigth not transferred to The University of Montana--Missoula.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Henry B. Carrington manuscript, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Flathead Indians
  • Indian reservations--Montana
  • Indians of North America--Missions
  • Indians of North America--Montana
  • Salish Indians--Government policy
  • Salish Indians--Relocations--Montana
  • Geographical Names :
  • Flathead Indian Reservation (Mont.)