George I. Hazeltine and Martin M. Hazeltine photographs, 1866-circa 1920  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Photographer
Hazeltine, Martin M., 1827-1903
Title
George I. Hazeltine and Martin M. Hazeltine photographs
Dates
1866-circa 1920 (inclusive)
1866-1900 (bulk)
Quantity
Approx 9 cubic feet, (1,063 photographs, 374 stereographs, and 4 postcards in 6 document boxes and 2 oversize boxes; and 733 glass plate negatives in 17 boxes)
Collection Number
Org. Lot 467 (collection)
Summary
This collection contains photographs taken by Oregon photographers Martin M. Hazeltine and his brother, George I. Hazeltine. Martin M. Hazeltine was one of the early photographers of Yosemite and traveled from California to Alaska making photographs before settling down in Baker City, Or., later in his career. George settled in Canyon City, Or., in the 1860s and photography became one of his many enterprises. Martin M. Hazeltine's photographs make up the bulk of the collection and depict scenic views of Alaska, California, Idaho, Oregon, and Yellowstone National Park.
Repository
Oregon Historical Society, Davies Family Research Library
Davies Family Research Library
Oregon Historical Society
1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, OR
97205
Telephone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
libreference@ohs.org
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public. However, special arrangements are required to view the original mammoth size prints. Contact the Oregon Historical Society Research Library staff for information.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Funding for preparing this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Brothers Martin Mason Hazeltine (1827-1903) and George Irving Hazeltine (1836-1918) trained in photography at New York City in 1852. Martin went west to California in 1850 but returned and persuaded his younger brother to join him in learning photography before heading to California. In 1853, after visiting the Crystal Palace Exhibition in New York City, the brothers boarded a steamship to San Francisco by way of the Isthmus of Panama. In San Francisco, they operated a daguerreotype studio together until 1855. At that time, the brothers parted ways and began their separate careers as professional photographers and businessmen.

George Irving Hazeltine divided his attention among photography and various mining and business enterprises and public service. George engaged in mining and photography at various locations in California until 1860. That year, he joined a party headed for the mines at Canyon Creek, Or. George married Emmaline C. McCallum (1843-1936) in 1862 in Shasta County, Calif., and his family joined him on his Canyon Creek claim in 1863. He engaged in photography and mining in the Baker County and John Day region of Oregon for most of the remainder of his life. In 1864, he established a pack train service from Canyon City to The Dalles. In 1865, he and his father-in-law, A.R. McCallum, built a flour grist mill at present day John Day, believed to be the first such mill in eastern Oregon. George also served as county judge (1878-1882; 1890-1894) and county treasurer (1896-1898).

As a photographer, George concentrated on studio portraiture and scenic views of eastern Oregon. Briefly in the 1880s, he joined his brother Martin in operating a studio at Baker City, but he soon returned to Canyon City. He was a Mason, and in addition to gaining regional recognition as a photographer, George was noted for his participation in civic activities, as well as his successes and failures in in a variety of businesses. He also was known as a musician who played fiddle and bass for community dances. George Hazeltine died in Grant County at the age of 82.

Martin Mason Hazeltine made his living and his reputation almost entirely as a photographer, although he tried mining with his brother, George, for a brief period. He traveled widely, photographing the scenery in Yosemite Valley and other places in California, Yellowstone National Park, Alaska, Idaho, Nevada, and Oregon. During the 1860s and 1870s, Martin photographed primarily in California, including Yosemite, where he established a summer studio, and Mendocino County, where he and his family occasionally wintered. In 1876, he joined his chief rival, J.J. Reilly, at Yosemite. He was married to Barbara Fabing in 1855, and she and their children often spent summers camping out with him on his extended photography expeditions. They lost a son and a daughter in an 1877 smallpox epidemic.

Martin marketed many of his images as stereographs, both on his own and through publishers such as John P. Soule of Boston, Thomas Houseworth and Company of San Francisco, Kilburn Bros. of New Hampshire, and Moulton of Salem, N.H. Martin issued many of his images in stereograph sets, titled in various ways, including "Hazeltine's Gems of the Pacific Coast." He also assembled sets of stereographs advertising railroads, including the Southern Pacific, Union Pacific, and Oregon Railway and Navigation Company, and occasionally he published the work of other photographers.

In 1878, Martin began moving farther afield. He opened a photography gallery in Reno, Nev., for a time, but by 1882 he had a gallery in Boise, Idaho, and by about 1885 seems to have settled down in Baker City, Or. He traveled widely throughout much of his career: Alaska in 1878, Idaho and Yellowstone Park in 1883, and to various places in California, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington throughout the 1880s and 1890s. In 1880, he visited Baker City, Or., and by 1884 established a companion gallery to his Boise studio. His business in Baker City was known as Hazeltine's Excelsior Studio by the 1890s. Martin's brother, George, joined him in operating the studio briefly before returning to Canyon City. In 1888, Martin was assisted at fairs near Baker City by a young boy, Wesley Andrews, who later gained renown as a photographer and postcard marketer in the Northwest. Among photographers who worked for Martin Hazeltine in the 1890s were Miss Josephine Rea and Miss Rata Allen. Martin died in Baker City at age 76.

Two of Martin's children became photographers. Leland S. Hazeltine was offering his photography services in Joseph, Or., as early as 1884, and he is believed to have established himself in the photography business at Lakeview, Or. Viola Hazeltine, herself a photographer, married Roland T. Parker of Parker's Studio in Baker City and worked with her husband in the business under the name Parker Studio.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The work of Martin M. Hazeltine represents the largest part of the Hazeltine Photographs, with heavy emphasis on scenic views of Alaska, California, Idaho, Oregon, and Yellowstone National Park. The original photography includes a large number of albumen print stereographs; glass negatives in sizes ranging from half-stereograph to 8 inches by 10 inches; and mounted albumen prints, both loose and in an album. The collection also includes a large number of prints made over the course of several decades at the Oregon Historical Society from Martin Hazeltine's original negatives. Many of these prints appear to be duplicative but actually are made from different negatives. The same image may have negatives for the left and right sides of stereographs, as well as a 5x7-inch or 8x10-inch glass plate. There also is duplication among the original stereographs because Martin Hazeltine often issued the same stereograph in different sets under various titles and for several different railroad lines. The duplication in the stereographs documents that practice. Many of the stereographs on mounts that Martin Hazeltine issued after 1885, when he settled in Baker City, were produced from earlier negatives.

George Hazeltine's work represents a much smaller part of the collection, including original albumen portraits and other mounted prints, primarily taken in the Canyon City area. His work also may be represented in some of the portrait work among the original negatives.

Also included in the collection are two images made by L.S. (Leland S.) Hazeltine, Martin's son, and some later portrait work from original negatives that may have been made by Roland and Viola Hazeltine Parker. In addition, there is a small number of original Parker Studio portraits, including one of Mrs. George (Emmaline) Hazeltine.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library before any reproduction use. Permission is required from the Bancroft Library for a group of images in the Mendocino, Calif., materials and from the Portland Art Museum for an image in the Portraits by George I. Hazeltine. The donor has placed some restricitons on George I. Hazeltine images. See the verso of the photographs for details.

Preferred Citation

George I. and Martin M. Hazeltine photographs, Org. Lot 467, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series A:  Agriculture, 1869, undatedReturn to Top

14 items.

Martin Hazeltine made the California images and others. George made the John Day Valley image and may have made others. Contains 2 stereographs with handwritten captions but no imprints on the yellow mounts and 12 prints made from original and copy negatives.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Farms and Ranches
John Day ValleyUnidentified locations
circa 1869; undated
box-stereo
5/#1
"Mormon's Land"
circa 1869
1/2
Haying
undated
1/3
Livestock--cattle
1869; undated
box-stereo
5/#2
"Twin calves born with but two legs each. Shasta Co. Cal. June 1869"
1869 June
1/4
Orchard--pears, location unidentified
undated
1/5
Threshing grain
undated

Series B:  Camping and Other Recreational Activities, circa 1869-1905, undatedReturn to Top

34 items.

Martin Hazeltine made most of these images, which include an image of him in Yosemite. George made the Canyon City images of the Metschan family and possibly a few others in Oregon. Includes 10 stereographs, 1 original mounted albumen print, and 23 prints made from original and copy negatives.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/6, 4/1
Camping
Canyon City, Or., vicinity, Phil Metschan family , circa 1890Martin M. Hazeltine, Yosemite, circa 1869
circa 1870-circa 1890
box-stereo
5/#3
"Artist camping out Big River Mendocino Co. Cal."
circa 1869
5/#4
At Yosemite
circa 1870
5/#5-#6
Oregon
In snowy forest. "Camping Out Oregon"Ponderosa pine forest, possibly Central Oregon, undated
circa 1880
1/7
Camping--Martin M. Hazeltine family
Includes images of wife, Barbara, and daughters, Gracia, Nia, and Viola in camps and drinking from springs. A posed selection shows them with fishing and hunting gear and a catch of fish and a buck deer.
circa 1884
box-stereo
5/#8-#12
Soda Springs, Or., and vicinity
1/8
Horses and Horseback Riding
CaliforniaUnidentified location
undated
1/9
Outings and Picnics
Picnic, possibly Hazeltine family, circa 1905
circa 1890-circa 1905
box-stereo
5/#7
"Near Granite, Or."
circa 1890
1/10
Swimming
Shows various styles of bathing costumes worn by men and children, location unidentified
circa 1895

Series C:  Fishing and Fisheries , circa 1878-1900, undatedReturn to Top

6 items

All images probably were made by Martin Hazeltine. Includes 2 stereographs and 4 prints made from original negatives.

Container(s) Description Dates
box-stereo
5/#13
Alaska
"Inside an Alaskan cannery," location unidentified
circa 1878
Box/Folder
1/11
Oregon
Horse seining and fishwheel on the Columbia River
circa 1900
box-stereo
5/#14
Unidentified location
Chinese man fishing from log
undated

Series D:  Indians, 1878, undatedReturn to Top

8 items

All California and Nevada Indian images were made by Martin Hazeltine. The Oregon images were made by either Martin or George. Contains 3 stereographs and 5 prints made from original negatives.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/12
California
Baskets at Mono Lake, undated
circa 1870, undated
box-stereo
5/#15
"Coast Indians, Cal." Digger Indians and wood slab lodges
circa 1870
box-stereo
5/#16
Nevada--"Piute (sic) chief," Paiute man posed with bow and arrows
1878
Oregon
undated
box-stereo
5/#17
Baker--Indian men on horseback on street
undated
Box/Folder
1/12
Warm Springs
Woman in front of mat and canvas lodge, undatedThree women from Warm Springs--studio portrait, undated
undated

Series E:  Locations, circa 1869-1905, undatedReturn to Top

1,063 items.
This series is organized into the following sub-series: 1) Alaska, 2) California, 3) Idaho, 4) Oregon, 5) Pennsylvania, 6) Utah, 7) Washington state, 8) Wyoming (and Montana): Yellowstone Park, and 9) Unidentified Locations. Within sub-series, folders are generally arranged alphabetically by location or subject. Includes 313 stereographs, 3 mammoth size albumen prints, 48 mounted albumen prints, 22 original albumen prints in an album, 630 prints made from original and copy negatives, 43 copy prints from originals at the Bancroft, and 4 postcard prints.
Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Alaska
44 items
All images are by Martin Hazeltine. Includes 10 stereographs, 1 mounted albumen print in album, and 33 prints made from original negatives.
1878
Box/Folder
1/13
Docks
  • Sitka Harbor
    • U.S. Navy crews in longboats
    • Celebration on the dock. See also stereoview 5/#18
  • "Steamer Queen near the Muir Glacier, Alaska"
  • Unidentified--Steam tram dumping rock
1878
1/14
Glaciers
  • Davidson Glacier. See also stereoview 6/#375.
  • Muir Glacier. See also Album/p. 3, and stereoviews 5/#19-#22.
  • Taku Glacier and icebergs. See also stereoviews 5/#23-#25.
  • Unidentified
1878
Indians
1878
Box/Folder
1/15
Carvings
box-stereo
1/16 5/#26
Longhouse
1/17
People
  • Selling baskets to white tourists. See also stereoview 5/#27.
  • Views also show docks, buildings, and a steamship in the backgrounds.
Box/Folder
1/18
Other Images
  • Burro
  • Islets. See also stereoview 5/#28.
  • Unidentified mountain/water scene
1878
Subseries 2: California
512 items
Martin Hazeltine made all these images. Includes 164 stereographs, 18 albumen prints in album, 19 mounted albumen prints, 268 prints made from original negatives, and 43 copy prints from original images at the Bancroft Library.
1867-1894; undated
Caves
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/19 5/#29-#30
Bower Cave
Cities, Towns, and Counties
box-stereo
5/#31
Calaveras County--"Hotel in Big Trees, Calaveras Co. Cal."
circa 1869
5/#32
Dunsmuir
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/20 5/#33
Iowa Hill
undated
Los Angeles
1885
box-stereo
5/#34
Hotel
5/#35
African American man driving coal wagon
Mendocino County
1867-circa 1869
box-stereo
5/#36
Cahto Long Valley
Ships
box-stereo
5/#37
The Brilliant sailing ship
5/#38-#40
"Great Storm at Mendocino Co. Cal."
1867
box-stereo
5/#41-#42
Town of Mendocino
5/#43
View from East Side of Bay
Box/Folder
1/21
"Mendocino County Photographs, circa 1867-1869, by M.M. Hazeltine".
Copy prints from the Bancroft Library with captions and photograph numbers.
  • Albion Mill
  • Albion River: Rice & Hoax Ranch
  • Big River
  • Big River Mills
  • Cahto Long Valley
  • Casper Mills
  • Casper River
  • Coast scenes--Near Casper, near Gualala (Althea and Effie Hazeltine on ship loading chute), and at Ten Mile River
  • Girth Lake
  • Little River--redwood logging
  • Mendocino (town): Big River Mills, church, Freemasons Hall, residences, school, street scenes, and views
  • Navarro River Bridge
  • Noyo Bridge
  • Noyo Mills
  • Ten Mile River--Digger (Indian) Village and wild goose hunt
  • Ukiah Valley
circa 1867-1869
Monterey
Box/Folder
1/22
Hotel Del Monte
  • Buildings. See also stereoviews 5/#44-#45.
  • Grounds, including cactus garden. See also stereoviews 5/#46-#49.
  • Seashell stand. See also stereoview 5/#50.
  • Train station. See also stereoview 5/#51.
circa 1885
box-stereo
5/#52
Oakland Ferry
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/23, 7/1 5/#53-#54
Sacramento--Capitol Building
circa 1885
San Bernardino
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/24 5/#55-#56
"Mammoth Cactus"
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/25 5/#57-#59, 6/#376
San Diego--Hotel Del Coronado
circa 1885
San Francisco
1880-1894
box-stereo
5/#59-#60
California Midwinter International Exposition
1894
5/#61
Chutes Amusement Park
undated
City Buildings and Street Scenes
box-stereo
5/#62
Call Building
undated
5/#63
Chronicle Building
undated
5/#64-#65
Market Street
undated
5/#66
Railroad Depot
undated
Box/Folder
1/26
Cliff House and vicinity
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/26 5/#67-#68
Beach
1888
1/26 5/#69-#71
Buildings
1885-circa 1888
1/26 5/#72-#74
Road
circa 1888
Seal Rocks
undated
1/26 5/#77
Sutro Baths
undted
box-stereo
1/27, 7/2 5/#78
Fort Point and Golden Gate
undated
box-stereo
5/#79-#82
Golden Gate Park and vicinity
circa 1885
box-stereo
5/#83
Baseball park--game in progress
5/#84
Merry-go-round
Box/Folder
1/28
Telegraph Hill
1880
box-stereo
5/#85
Sierra Valley
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/29 5/#86-#89
Soda Springs (on Mt. Shasta)
Railroad station and Mineral Springs Hotel
circa 1870s
1/30
Stanford
undated
box-stereo
5/#90
Surprise Valley (hot springs)
undated
5/#91
"Ukiah Courthouse Cal."
circa 1869
Box/Folder
1/31
Unidentified museum interior with mounted animals
undated
Coastal Views
Box/Folder
1/32
Gualala
Althea and Effie Hazeltine on chute for loading ships
circa 1867-1869
box-stereo
5/#92
Lime Point
undated
Monterey
Box/Folder
1/33
Beaches, including Moss Beach
circa 1885
box-stereo
Cypress Point
circa 1885
1/35 5/#98-#102
Rocks
Includes Seal Rocks and seals on rocks.
circa 1885
Box/Folder
1/36
Unidentified Locations
Includes lighthouse, swimmers, and sailboats.
circa 1885; undated
Islands
Catalina
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/37 5/#103-#105
Beach scenes
circa 1885
1/37 5/#106-#107
Boats and steam ferry
circa 1885
1/37 5/#108
View
circa 1885
Lakes
Donner Lake
box-stereo
5/#109-#110
Boating
undated
5/#111
Camping near the lake (probably Hazeltine family)
undated
5/#112
Hotel
undated
5/#113-#116
Views
undated
box-stereo
5/#117
Rock Lake (Plumas County)
undated
5/#118
Tahoe (captioned "Lake Taho [sic] Cal.")
undated
Missions
San Louis Rey (near San Diego)
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/38 5/#119-#120
Buildings
undated
1/38 5/#121
Indian women grinding corn
undated
1/38 5/#122
Statue of friar and boat
1875
Mountains
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/39 5/#123-#126
Castle Rocks
undated
box-stereo
5/#127
Eureka Peak
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/40 5/#128
Mt. Lyell
circa 1871
1/41 5/#129-#135
Mt. Shasta, vicinity and views (see also Album/p. 7)
undated
1/42
Unidentified
undated
Rivers
box-stereo
5/#136-#138
American River
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/43 5/#139
Pitt River--rocks at the head of river
undated
album-page
1/44 Album/p.8
Sacramento River (near Soda Springs)
undated
Trees
Box/Folder
1/45
Joshua tree, location unidentified
undated
Yosemite
circa 1870s
Canyons
box-stereo
5/#140
Indian Canyon
circa 1870
Box/Folder
1/46, 4/2, 7/3
Domes (many with views of Merced River)
  • North Dome. See also stereoviews 5/#141-#142.
  • North and South domes. See also Album/pp. 16-17 and stereoviews 5/#143-#144.
  • South Dome (Half Dome). See also stereoview 5/#145.
undated
Falls
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/47, 7/3 5/#146-#147
Bridal Veil Falls (see also Album/p. 11)
undated
1/49 5/#148-#149
Nevada Falls (see also Album/p. 15)
undated
1/49
Nevada Falls and Liberty Cap
undated
album-page
1/50, 7/4 Album/p.21
Vernal Falls
undated
box-stereo
1/51 5/#150-#151
Vernal and Nevada Falls
undated
1/52
Vernal Falls, Nevada Falls, and Liberty Cap
undated
Yosemite Falls
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/53 5/#152-#160
Views
undated
1/53 5/#161-#162
Views, with buildings
undated
box-stereo
5/#163
Views, from top of Liberty Cap
undated
Box/Folder album-page
1/53 Album/p. 14
Views, with people
Includes horse-drawn wagon and hunter with gun and with dead bear (possibly Martin Hazeltine)
circa 1876; undated
box-stereo
5/#164
View, with snow
undated
Lakes
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/54 5/#165-#167
Castle Lake
undated
1/55 5/#168
Cathedral Lake
undated
1/56, 7/6 5/#170
Mirror Lake (see also Album/p. 18)
undated
album-page
1/57 Album/p.19
Tenaya Lake
undated
box-stereo
5/#170
Unidentified
undated
Mountains
box-stereo
5/#171
Buena Vista Peak
circa 1870
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/58, 7/7 5/#172
Cathedral Peak
Includes views of Cathedral Lake.
undated
1/59, 7/8 5/#173-#174
Cloud's Rest
undated
1/60, 7/9 5/#175-178
Glacier Point and views from (see also Album/p. 20)
undated
7/10
Inspiration Point and views from
undated
box-stereo
5/#179
Mt. Starr King, view from Liberty Cap
circa 1870
Box/Folder box-stereo
1/61, 7/11 5/#180
Three Brothers (see also Album/p. 13, p.22)
Rivers
box-stereo
5/#181
Little Yosemite River
undated
Box/Folder
1/62, 7/12
Merced River
undated
box-stereo
1/63 5/#182-#183
Tuolumne River
undated
1/64 5/#184
Yosemite River
Includes women and children fishing and wading.
undated
Rocks
Box/Folder
2/1, 4/3, 7/13
Cathedral Rocks (see also Album/p. 12 and stereoview 5/#185)
undated
2/2, 7/14
El Capitan
undated
box-stereo
2/3 5/#186
Sentinel Rock
Includes view with hotel.
undated
2/4
Unidentified
undated
Springs
box-stereo
5/#187-#188
Soda Springs (Tuolumne County)
undated
Tourism
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/5 5/#189
Stoneman Hotel
1887
2/5
Stagecoach (Mariposa to Yosemite)
1887
Trees
Mariposa Grove
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/6, 7/15 5/#190
Some with people; some labeled "Big Tree Grizzly Giant Cir. 101 Ft." (see also Album/p. 9-10)
2/6 5/#191-#192
Horse-drawn wagons in tunnel through tree
Box/Folder
2/7, 4/16
"Valley Cavalry" (possibly hunting party at Yosemite Falls)
circa 1880
Subseries 3: Idaho
43 items
All photographs are the work of Martin Hazeltine. One stereograph is dated 1875. Hazeltine made at least one other trip through Idaho in 1884. Includes 20 stereographs, 1 albumen print in album, 1 mounted albumen mammoth print, 1 other mounted albumen print, and 20 prints from original negatives.
1875-circa 1885
Cities, Towns, and Counties
box-stereo
6/#193-#194
DeLamar
Road building and teaming freight
undated
Scenic views
Falls
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/8, 4/4 6/#195-#202
Shoshone Falls
undated
Twin Falls
1875; undated
box-stereo
6/#204
Hot Springs--head of Payette River
undated
Lakes
Redfish Lake
undated
box-stereo
6/#205
Road to Redfish Lake
6/#206-#208
Views
Includes one with man fishing from boat.
Rivers
Box/Folder
2/10
Boise River (see also mammoth print, C/#1)
undated
box-stereo
6/#209-#212
Salmon River and Valley (includes Sawtooth Range view)
undated
Box/Folder
2/11
Snake River
undated
Subseries 4: Oregon
302 items
The Canyon City views were made by George Hazeltine, and he may have made others in the general vicinity. The remainder are attributed to Martin Hazeltine. Includes 67 stereographs, 2 albumen prints in album, 26 mounted albumen prints, 4 postcard prints (circa 1910), possibly reproduced from earlier images, and 203 prints from original and copy negatives.
circa 1878-circa 1910; undated
Scenic Views
Lakes
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/12 6/#213-#215
Crater Lake
Including Wizard Island.
circa 1885
2/13 6/#216
Klamath Lake (Upper)
circa 1885
2/14 6/#217-#219
Olive Lake
Includes people fishing.
circa 1890
2/15 6/#220-#222
Summer Lake
Includes White Rocks formation.
undated
Mountains
Mt. Hood
Box/Folder
2/16
Camping excursion, unidentified group
circa 1890
box-stereo
6/#223
View of north side
undated
box-stereo
6/#224
Siskiyou Mountains
undated
Rivers and Streams
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/17 6/#225-#227
Anna Creek and Canyon
circa 1885
Columbia River and Gorge (includes Oregon and Washington state sides)
Box/Folder
2/18
Beacon Rock (with steam launch)
undated
box-stereo
6/#228-#229
Bridal Veil Falls
circa 1885
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/19, 4/5 6/#230-#233
Cape Horn (Wash. state)
circa 1885
2/20
East of the Gorge
undated
2/21
Horsetail Falls (with original Oregon Railway and Navigation Company tracks)
1883
box-stereo
2/22 6/#234
Memaloose Island (Indian burial ground)
undated
Multnomah Falls
circa 1885
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/23 6/#235-#238
Views
2/23, 4/6, 7/17
Views, with bridge (see also Album/p. 1 and stereoviews 6/#239-#241)
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/24 6/#242-#243
The Needles
Includes railroad tracks and train
undated
2/25 6/#244-#245
Oneonta Gorge
Includes view of Columbia River from Oneonta.
undated
2/26, 4/7, 7/18
Rooster Rock (see also Album/p. 4 and stereoviews 6/#246-#249)
Includes railroad tracks
undated
box-stereo
2/27 6/#250-#255
Views
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/27 6/#256
With farms
undated
2/27 6/#257-#261
With railroad tracks
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/28 6/#262
Crooked River
undated
2/29
Deschutes River (near Warm Springs)
undated
2/30
Rogue River (ship crossing the bar)
"Hazeltine Bros. Photo" reprinted as postcard, circa 1910
undated
box-stereo
2/31 6/#263
White River (Falls)
undated
box-stereo
6/#264
Rocks--Smith Rock
undated
Towns, Cities, and Counties
Baker (also called Baker City)
Box/Folder
2/32
Activities
  • Christmas party, circa 1899
  • Parade, undated (see also stereoview 6/#265)
  • Theatrical-- Pirates of Penzance , circa 1899
circa 1899; undated
2/33
Activities--dedication of Old Oregon Trail monument
Ezra Meeker of Puyallup, Wash., with his wagon during his first re-creation of his 1852 Oregon Trail journey.
1906
Businesses
undated
Box/Folder
2/34, 4/8
Banner Market
2/34, 4/8
Frank Palmer's Furniture Store
2/34, 4/8
H. Dale & Co. Flour, Feed, Hide, and Wool Depot
box-stereo
2/34 6/#266
Hazeltine's Excelsior Studio--interior with camera
2/34 6/#267
Hazeltine's Excelsior Studio--living quarters above the studio
Shows framed Hazeltine landscapes and portraits on the walls.
2/34
Parker's Studio
2/34
Spaulding & Vaughn Livery Stables
Box/Folder
2/34 4/8
W.B. Sager Groceries & Provisions
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/35, 4/8 6/#268
Fire Department--firemen's tournament
undated
Box/Folder
2/36 4/8
Schools--High School
undated
2/37
Streets--residential
undated
box-stereo
2/38, 4/8 6/#266
Views
undated
Box/Folder
2/39
Baker County
  • Durkee area view
  • Woman with homestead cabin and wagon.
undated
box-stereo
2/40 6/#269
Burnt Ranch (on Old Military Road, The Dalles to Canyon City)
undated
Canyon City
Activities
Box/Folder
2/41, 4/9
Celebration at school
circa 1895
2/41, 4/9
Parades--Canyon City Brass Band
circa 1895
4/9
Parade--Prairie City Girl's Band
circa 1895
Box/Folder
2/42, 4/9
Fire Department
undated
2/43, 4/10
Residences--Phil Metschan family
circa 1895
2/44, 4/11
School
circa 1890
2/45
Views
undated
Box/Folder
2/46
Cape Blanco--Wireless Station buildings
("Hazeltine Bros. Photo" reprinted as postcard, circa 1910)
undated
box-stereo
6/#270
Cascades--Middle Blockhouse
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/47, 4/12 6/#271-#272
Cove
undated
2/48, 4/13
Fossil
undated
box-stereo
6/#273-#274
Fort Klamath
undated
Box/Folder
2/49, 4/14
Grant County--"Dore's Soda Springs, 1888"
1888
2/50
Huntington
undated
box-stereo
2/51 6/#275
John Day and vicinity
undated
2/52
Oregon City (and falls)
undated
4/15
Port Orford--Elk River Bridge
"Hazeltine Bros. Photo" reprinted as postcard, circa 1910
circa 1910
Portland
box-stereo
6/#276
Mechanics Fair
circa 1878
Box/Folder
2/53
Railroad Bridge (Union Pacific)
undated
2/54
Residence--Tom West house (off Hamilton Court) and family
circa 1900
2/55
Street scenes
  • Ladd and Tilton Bank, Stark Street (see also stereoview 6/#277)
  • Poultry Market
  • Union Ticket Office (Oregon Railway & Navigation), First Avenue at Oak Street
undated
2/56
Views
undated
box-stereo
6/#278
Prineville
undated
Sumpter
box-stereo
6/#279
"Foot Race at Su[m]pter, Oregon 4th July"
circa 1890
Box/Folder
2/57
Views (with people in foreground)
undated
The Dalles
Box/Folder Box/Folder
2/58 4/16
Street scenes
undated
box-stereo
4/16 6/#280-#281
Views
undated
Box/Folder
2/59, 21/1
Timber (town of)--railroad depot
circa 1895
2/60
Union County--cabin at Medical Springs
undated
4/17
Wedderburn
"Hazeltine Bros. Photo" reprinted as postcard, circa 1910
circa 1910
Subseries 5: Pennsylvania
1 stereograph
1876
box-stereo
6/#282
U.S. Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia--Main Building
1876
Subseries 6: Utah
11 items
All images are credited to Martin Hazeltine. Includes 3 stereographs and 8 prints made from original negatives.
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/61 6/#283-#284
Salt Lake City--Mormon Tabernacle, interior
undated
2/62 6/#285
Salt Lake--Gasfield Beach (including natatorium)
undated
Subseries 7: Washington
1 item
Includes 1 stereograph by Martin Hazeltine.
undated
box-stereo
6/#286
Colfax
View includes High School, river, and bridge
undated
Subseries 8: Wyoming (and Montana)--Yellowstone National Park
55 items
Martin Hazeltine made these images, which are all of Yellowstone National Park, during a summer-long trip he made with his family from California to Idaho and Yellowstone Park beginning in June 1883. Includes 14 stereographs, two mammoth mounted albumen prints, and 39 prints made from original negatives.
1883
Falls
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/63 6/#287-#289
Yellowstone Falls
1883
Box/Folder
2/64
Fumaroles
1883
Geysers
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/65 6/#290
Norris Geyser Basin
1883
2/65
Old Faithful
1883
Box/Folder
2/66
Hot Springs (see also mammoth print C/#2)
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/67 6/#291-#292
Mammoth Hot Springs
1883
Yellowstone Lake
1883
box-stereo
6/#293-#295
Views
6/#296
View with dock construction
Box/Folder box-stereo
2/68 6/#297-#299
Yellowstone River (see also mammoth print, C/#3)
1883
2/69 6/#300
Tourism--stagecoaches
Includes view of Beaver Lake from road along Obsidian Cliffs
1883
Subseries 9: Unidentifed Locations
94 items
Most or all of the images in this series were made by Martin Hazeltine. Includes 33 stereographs, 2 mounted albumen prints, and 59 prints made from original negatives.
circa 1869-circa 1895; undated
Unidentified, with Animals
box-stereo
6/#301
Burro, in Alaska
1878
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/1 6/#302-#303
Deer, in enclosure
undated
Dogs
box-stereo
6/#304
At girl's outdoor tea party, circa1869 (probably a Hazeltine daughter, California)
undated
6/#305
Posed with cigar in studio
undated
box-stereo
6/#306
Dromedary--from Dan Costello's Great Overland Circus (probably California)
circa 1869
box-stereo
6/#307
Unidentified coastal views
undated
box-stereo
6/#308-#310
With lighthouse
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/2 6/#311-#317
Unidentified falls
undated
3/3, 7/19
Unidentified fort (military)
undated
box-stereo
3/4 6/#318
Unidentified lakes
undated
3/5
Unidentified mountains
undated
Unidentified residences and other buildings
Box/Folder
3/6
Business buildings
  • American Exchange building
  • W.C. Calder General Merchandise
undated
box-stereo
6/#319-#320
Cabins
undated
6/#321
Exposition buildings
undated
6/#322
House, exterior (probably California)
circa 1869
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/6 6/#323
House, exterior (possibly Baker City, Or.)
circa 1895
box-stereo
6/#324
House, interior
undated
Box/Folder
3/66
Public buildings (courthouses or schools)
undated
box-stereo
6/#326
Restaurant dining room (probably in railroad depot)
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/7 6/#327-#328
Unidentified rivers and streams
undated
3/8 6/#329-#330
Unidentified rock formations
undated
3/9 6/#331-#333
Unidentified towns and cities
undated

Series F:  Lumber Industry, undatedReturn to Top

9 items

Includes 3 stereographs and 6 prints made from original negatives. The stereographs were made by Martin Hazeltine, who also made most or all of the remaining images in the series.

Container(s) Description Dates
Equipment
undated
box-stereo
6/#334
Horse-drawn sledge, loading logs in snow
undated
Logging railroads
box-stereo
6/#335
Near Colfax, Calif.
undated
6/#336
Near Tolls, Calif.
undated
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/10 6/#337
Steam tractor hauling wagon loads of lumber, Tolls, Calif.
undated
Box/Folder
3/11
Mill
undated
3/12
Standing timber--Baker County, Or.
undated

Series G:  Mining, circa 1875-1899Return to Top

58 items

The series is generally organized by types of mining and then by locations. Includes 10 stereographs, 2 mounted albumen prints, and 46 prints made from original negatives. The stereographs were made by Martin Hazeltine. He also probably made most of the remaining images in the series, although George Hazeltine may have made a few of the eastern Oregon images.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/13, 4/18
Dredging--Pomeroy Dredge No. 1 (eastern Oregon)
1899
Hardrock mining--California
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/14 6/#338-#339
Siributtes Mine
Includes portrait of large group of miners.
undated
3/14 6/#340-#342
Unidentified mines in Sierra Nevadas
undated
Hardrock mining--Idaho
box-stereo
6/#343
Banner Silver Mine
undated
Box/Folder
3/15
Gold Hill Mine
undated
Hardrock mining--Oregon
Box/Folder
3/16
Conner Creek Mine
undated
box-stereo
3/16 6/#344-#345
Cornucopia
undated
3/16
Sumpter
undated
Box/Folder
3/17
Hardrock mining--shafts, unidentified locations
undated
3/18
Hardrock mining--unidentified mines
undated
3/19
Hydraulic mining--Nevada County, Calif.
circa 1875
3/20
Hydraulic mining--Idaho
undated
Hydraulic mining--Oregon
Box/Folder
3/21
Baker County
  • Claim of Sheriff Harvey K. Brown
  • Nelson Mine
undated
box-stereo
3/21 6/#346
Sumpter
undated
Box/Folder
3/22
Ore hauling--mule team hauling gold ore near Mitchell, Or.
undated
box-stereo
6/#347
Placer mining
White children (possibly Hazeltine) observing Chinese miners, possibly California
undated
Box/Folder
3/23
Prospectors
Includes prospectors at Canyon City, Or.
undated

Series H:  Other Images, circa 1890; undatedReturn to Top

13 items

Includes the work of L.S. Hazeltine, probably Leland S. Hazeltine, son of Martin who operated photography businesses at Joseph and Lakeview, Or., in adulthood. One is a copy of an original portrait located in the museum at Joseph, Or. Two engravings reproduce images of members of the Hazeltine family. The remainder of the series consists of studio copy work from unknown originals. The series includes 2 engravings, 1 mounted albumen print, and 10 prints made from original negatives and prints.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/24
Arts and crafts work
Includes some work probably done by Indian people.
undated
4/19
Hazeltine family--engravings
  • Mr. and Mrs. G.I. Hazeltine
  • Leonard Hazeltine
undated
L.S. (Leland S.) Hazeltine photographs
Box/Folder
4/20
Group at unidentified mine
circa 1890
3/25
Portrait of unidentified girl (copy from original, museum, Joseph, Or.)
undated
Box/Folder
3/26
Studio photographic copy work
Copies of art work and photographs of horses, people, and a town
undated

Series I:  Portraits, 1866-circa 1920; undatedReturn to Top

194 items

The series is organized into four sub-series: 1) Portraits by G.I. Hazeltine, 2) Portraits by Martin M. Hazeltine, 3) Portraits by G.I. Hazeltine and/or Parker Studio, and 4) Portraits by Parker Studio. Original portraits have been attributed to photographers based on studio imprints when present. A number of these have extensive biographical information on the backs of the prints. Portraits made from original negatives where attribution is uncertain have been attributed in part based on studio backdrops appearing in the prints. When portraits made from original negatives that have no attribution information post-date Martin Hazeltine's death and pre-date George Hazeltine's death, they have been placed in the third sub-series. Many of the later images in this sub-series are believed to have been made by Parker Studio. The series includes 9 stereographs, 15 original mounted albumen prints, 2 original silver gelatin mounted prints, and 168 prints made from original and copy negatives.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Portraits by G.I. Hazeltine
Box/Folder
3/27, 4/21
Children, unidentified
Includes copy of original portrait owned by the Portland Art Museum, possibly of Veronica and Casper Schlund.
circa 1890-circa 1905; undated
3/28, 4/22
Men--individuals
  • Chinese man, unidentified, undated
  • David S. Littlefield, circa 1900
  • Horace Stoan, undated
circa 1900; undated
3/29, 4/23
Men--groups
  • On Chung and On Lung, undated
  • Metschan family (and possibly friends), circa 1885
3/30
Mixed groups--families
  • Ive Drelby (or Dolby?) family, circa 1900
  • Unidentified family posed in their home with baby in christening gown, circa 1890
circa 1890-circa 1900
3/31
Women--individuals, identified
  • Ion[e?] Dorsett, circa 1900
  • Eva Geddis, circa 1900
  • Nellie Gray, circa 1900
  • Jessie Hefford, circa 1900
  • Ida Lee (Chinese woman in traditional dress), 1900
  • Emma W. Stanley, circa 1890
  • Elra (or Elva?) Taylor, circa 1895
  • Mrs. Toney (?) in theatrical costume, circa 1895
circa 1890-circa 1900
3/32
Women--individuals, unidentified
Includes women of Asian heritage
circa 1890-circa 1905
Subseries 2: Portraits by Martin M. Hazeltine
Children
box-stereo
6/#348
Althea Hazeltine
1866
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/33 6/#349
Effie Hazeltine
1866
Box/Folder
3/34, 4/24
Men--individuals
  • Dr. G. W. Biggers, circa 1885
  • Charles Helm, eldest son of Elizabeth Sager Helm, circa 1880
  • J. B. Walling, undated
circa 1880-circa 1885; undated
box-stereo
6/#350-#353
Mixed groups--families posed at their homes
circa 1868-circa 1898
Mixed Groups--gatherings and events
box-stereo
6/#354
At a rough board school building (probably in California)
circa 1869
6/#355
At a three-story brick school building, location unidentified
circa 1890
6/#356
At a picnic, location unidentified
circa 1880
Box/Folder Box/Folder
3/35, 4/25 4/25
Weddings
  • Paul and Maude Parrish, circa 1875
  • Unidentified couples, circa 1880; circa 1890
circa 1875-circa 1890
3/36, 4/26
Women--individuals
  • Mary Elizabeth Baker Holman, 1888
  • Sarah Walling (Mrs. J. B. Walling), undated
1888; undated
Subseries 3: Portraits by George I. Hazeltine and/or Roland T. Parker and Viola Hazeltine Parker of Parker Studio, Baker City
Box/Folder
3/37
Children--individuals, identified
  • Brooks (girl), circa 1910
  • Lucile (J. ?) Ebow, circa 1905
  • J. C. Phillips (boy)
  • Pierce (daughter of Dr. Pierce), circa 1915
circa 1905-circa 1915
3/38
Children--individuals, unidentified
1905-circa 1910
3/39
Children--individual, unidentified girl
Documents girl from pre-teen to young womanhood, possibly member of Hazeltine/Parker family
circa 1905-circa 1915
3/40
Children--groups, unidentified
circa 1905
3/41
Men--individuals--John McRhee
circa 1915
3/42
Men--individuals, unidentified
  • In band leader uniform with baton, undated
  • In business suits, circa 1915
  • In cavalier theatrical costume, undated
  • In laborer's clothes carrying lunchbucket, circa 1905
  • In military hat and coat, circa 1918
  • Political portraits--8 images per negative of two or three men, some wearing ribbons with lettering, "Set Money Free", circa 1915
  • In Shrine hat and tuxedo, undated
circa 1915-circa 1918; undated
3/43
Men--Groups, unidentified
Group of three in military uniform and two in street clothes
circa 1917
3/44
Mixed groups, unidentified
  • Couple and family groups, circa 1910-circa 1920
  • Multiple image plates: baby, mother and baby, women, men (one in military uniform), and couple, circa 1910-circa 1920
circa 1915
3/45
Women--individuals, identified, A-F
  • (?) Arenson, circa 1920
  • Valerie Baid, circa 1918
  • Florence Boden, circa 1918
  • Pearl Brechbill, circa 1915
  • Vera Chord, circa 1915
  • Isa Clark, circa 1915
  • Miss (?) Court, teacher, circa 1918
  • Edna Forsum, circa 1915
circa 1915-circa 1920
3/46
Women--individuals, identified, G-L
  • Annna Gullenberg
  • Adaline Holman
  • Helen Howard
  • Helen Huff
  • Mary Hunt
  • (?) Kefult
  • Helen Leonard
circa 1918
3/47
Women--individual, identified M-R
  • Lela Masters, circa 1915
  • Louise McKanless, circa 1915
  • Margaret McKline, circa 1915
  • H. O. (?) Meador, circa 1910
  • Mrs. (?) Pederson, circa 1915
  • (?) Pollman, circa 1915
  • Madge Powell, circa 1915
  • Helen Riggs, granddaughter of George I. Hazeltine (Married Irving Rand), circa 1915
  • Edna Ryzor, circa 1915
circa 1910-circa 1915
3/48
Women--individuals, identified S-Z
  • Grace Service, circa 1918
  • Catherine Shuck, circa 1918
  • Alice Snider, circa 1918
  • Gretchan Snyder, circa 1918
  • Pansy Spellman, circa 1905
  • Gretta Stoddard, circa 1918
  • Varie Storie, circa 1918
  • Mattie Sturnore, circa 1918
  • (?) Tyler, circa 1918
  • Barbra Zwunger (?), circa 1918
circa 1905; circa 1918
3/49
Wedding, unidentified
circa 1915
3/50
Women--individuals, unidentified
  • Includes one African-American woman.
  • Includes two multiple-portrait plates. One woman is wearing ribbons lettered with "Nebraska," "New Hampshire," and "Oregon." Another woman is of Asian heritage.
circa 1895-circa 1920
3/51
Women--groups, unidentified
circa 1915-circa 1918
Subseries 4: Portraits by Parker Studio, Baker City, Or.
circa 1900; circa 1915
Box/Folder
4/26
Women, identified
  • Mrs. I. B. Bowen, Sr., circa 1900
  • Mrs. G. I. Hazeltine, circa 1915
circa 1900; circa 1915

Series J:  Transportation, circa 1869-circa 1895; undatedReturn to Top

55 items

This series is arranged alphabetically by type of transportation. Most and perhaps all of the images in the series were made by Martin Hazeltine. In many cases, locations are unidentified. The series includes 18 stereographs and 37 prints made from original negatives.

Container(s) Description Dates
Boats
box-stereo
6/#357
"House" boat, with fishnet-drying frame on platform
undated
6/#358
Steam launch, City of Lakeport, at the Soda Bay wharf, Clear Lake, Calif.
circa 1869
Bridges and Trestles
box-stereo
6/#359
Railroad Bridge (Union Pacific), Portland, Or., under construction
circa 1888
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/52 6/#360-#361
Unidentified bridges and trestles
undated
3/53 6/#362
Horse-drawn wagons and stages
undated
box-stereo
6/#363
Hot-air balloon
undated
Box/Folder
3/54
Moving a building
undated
Railroads
Oregon Railway and Navigation Company
undated
box-stereo
6/#364
Bridge
6/#365
Tracks
6/#366
Train
6/#367
Trestle
6/#368
Tunnel
Box/Folder
3/55
Oregon Short Line
  • Train on bridge over Snake River, mouth of Burnt River, Huntington, Or., circa 1885
  • Trestle, undated
circa 1885; undated
3/56
Southern Pacific
Nevada County Narrow Gauge Railroad train on trestle above Southern Pacific train below, near Colfax, Calif.
undated
3/57
Sumpter Valley Railroad (Union Pacific)
  • Logging train near Baker, Or., circa 1895; undated
  • Train crossing Boulder Gorge on Powder River, circa 1895
  • Train crossing bridge over Snake River, mouth of Burnt River, Huntington, Or., circa 1895
circa 1895; undated
Box/Folder
3/58
Road, location unidentified
undated
Ships
Box/Folder box-stereo
3/59 6/#369
"The Steamer Islander for Alaska"
circa 1878
box-stereo
6/#370
Sailing ships at unidentified landing
undated
Steamboats
box-stereo
6/#371
D.S. Baker at a landing on the Columbia River
undated
Box/Folder
3/60
Dalles City, Columbia River
undated
box-stereo
3/60 6/#372-#374
Unidentified steamboats on the Columbia River
undated

Series K:  Background material, various datesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box-folder 1/0

Includes an original envelope with return address: "G.I. Hazeltine, Photographer, Canyon City, OR." Also contains a Hazeltine family genealogy chart and other research materials assembled during the course of processing the collection.

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Agriculture--California--Photographs.
  • Agriculture--Oregon--Photographs.
  • Camping--California--Photographs.
  • Camping--Oregon--Photographs.
  • Camping--Yellowstone National Park--Photographs.
  • Chinese Americans--Oregon--Photographs.
  • Fish trade--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Fishing--Oregon--Photographs.
  • Indians of North American--California--Photographs.
  • Indians of North American--Nevada--Photographs.
  • Indians of North American--Oregon--Photographs.
  • Lakes--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Lumber trade--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Mineral industries--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Mountains--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Railroads--California--Photographs.
  • Railroads--Oregon--Photographs.
  • Rivers--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Steamboats--Columbia River--Photographs.
  • Waterfalls--Northwest, Pacific--Photographs.
  • Family Names :
  • Hazeltine family--Photographs.
  • Geographical Names :
  • Alaska--Photographs.
  • Baker City (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Baker County (Or.)--Photographs.
  • California--Photographs.
  • Columbia River Gorge (Or. and Wash.)--Photographs.
  • Columbia River (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Crater Lake (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Hood, Mount (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Idaho--Photographs.
  • Pacific Coast (Calif.)--Photographs.
  • Portland (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Yellowstone National Park--Photographs.
  • Yosemite National Park (Calif.)--Photographs.
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Glass negatives.
  • Mammoth plates.
  • Photograph albums.
  • Photographic prints.
  • Stereographs.
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Hazeltine, G. I. (George Irving), 1836-1918--Photographs. (photographer)
    • Hazeltine, L. S. (Leland S.) (photographer)
    • Corporate Names :
    • Hazeltine's Excelsior Studio (Baker City, Or.) (photographers)
    • Parker Studio (Baker City, Or.) (photographers)