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Tomás Ybarra-Frausto photograph collection, circa 1969-1979

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
Title
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto photograph collection
Dates
circa 1969-1979 (inclusive)
Quantity
145 photographic prints (1 box and 1 folder) ; sizes vary
1 slide
Collection Number
PH0437
Summary
Photographs of Chicano artists, plays, protests, La Escuelita community center, and other activities related to Chicanos in Washington State
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries’ Digital Collections website. Permission of Visual Materials Curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Additional Reference Guides

These materials form part of the Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers, which are described and indexed in the guide to the Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers .

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto taught in the Romance Languages and Literature Department at the University of Washington from 1970 until 1976. He was an instructor of Chicano culture and history and was actively involved in proposals for a Chicano Studies Program at the University. He was also interested in the activities of Chicano artists, theater and dance groups, student movements, farm workers associations, educational associations, and self-help organizations in Washington, Idaho and, Oregon.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection includes photographs relating to the activities of Chicano artists, students, and organizations in Washington State. Among the organizations represented are: La Escuelita in Granger, Washington, Teatro del Piojo, a theatrical group focused on portraying the Chicano experience, and Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MECHA), a student organization that promotes higher education, culture and history.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View the digital version of the collection

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Events and meetingsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Construction of La Escuelita
La Escuelita was a community center founded in Granger, Washington (with its population of 50% Chicano residents) whose mission was to provide an environment that would foster a positive self-image and encourage intellectual and spiritual development through language, games, and folkdance.
1969
Box/Folder item
1/1 1
La Escuelita entrance  
Note on verso: "'La Escuelita' formerly Granger's old Catholic Church".
circa 1969
1/1 2
People painting ceiling  
circa 1969
1/1 3
Volunteers from National Council of Churches painting wall  
circa 1969
1/1 4
Escuelita member tearing down beams  
circa 1969
1/1 5
Volunteers from Friends Services building arches for entrance  
circa 1969
1/1 6
Escuelita members sanding arches  
circa 1969
1/1 7
Escuelita member Gustavo changing music near arches  
circa 1969
1/1 8
Ceiling beams and arches  
circa 1969
1/1 9
Repainted beams and walls  
circa 1969
1/1 10
Escuelita member Irene Castilleja sweeping floor  
circa 1969
1/1 11
Mrs. Castaneda and her daughter sawing board  
circa 1969
1/1 12
Cupboards built by Gustavo Garcia  
circa 1969
1/1 13
Varnished and installed cupboards  
1969
1/1 14
Library shelves  
1969
1/2 15
Escuelita members varnishing and making plans near table  
circa 1969
1/2 16
Man sanding table, donated by Toppenish Community Youth Organization  
1969
1/2 17
Job Corp volunteers sanding table  
1969
1/2 18
Sink built by Escuelita members  
circa 1969
1/2 19
Job Corp volunteers unloading plywood  
circa 1969
1/2 20
Volunteer Maria Gamboa taking break outside  
circa 1969
1/2 21
Escuelita members and volunteers taking coffee break outside  
circa 1969
1/2 22
Escuelita members, Gustavo Garcia, Guillermo Castaneda, Maria Gamboa, and Irene Castilleja taking break outside  
circa 1969
1/2 23
Escuelita members and volunteers taking break outside  
circa 1969
1/2 24
Escuelita members and volunteers resting during lunch hour  
circa 1969
1/2 25-26
Children from primary school across from La Escuelita  
circa 1969
La Escuelita, After Construction
undated
Box/Folder item
1/3 27
Cupboards with pottery  
undated
1/3 28
Cupboards and sink area  
undated
1/3 29
Ceiling beams with festive decorations  
undated
1/3 30
General interior  
undated
1/3 31
Window above La Escuelita entryway with "Calmecac" artwork  
Calmécac means "school of learning" in Nahuátl, a dialect in the Uto-Aztecan language family.
undated
United Farm Workers gathering in Granger, Washington
circa 1969
box-folder:oversize item
OS3 32
César Chávez speaking at La Escuelita  
circa 1969
OS3 33
César Chávez speaking at Granger High School  
circa 1969
OS3 34
Attendees listening to César Chávez  
circa 1969
Meetings at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington
1969-1970
Box/Folder item
1/4 35
Two men shaking hands in front of American flag and United Farm Workers flag on September 14, 1969  
1969
1/4 36
Attendees on September 14, 1969  
1969
1/5 37-48
Speakers and performers in front of Viva La Raza poster and United Farm Workers flag on January 16, 1970  
1970
1/6 49-52
Attendees on January 16, 1970  
1970
MECHA Retreat at Pack Forest in Eatonville, Washington
Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MECHA) is a student organization that promotes higher education, culture and history. MECHA was founded in 1969 on the principles of self-determination, political involvement, and education for the liberation of Chicano people.
1971
Box/Folder item
1/7 53
People seated at MECHA Retreat  
circa 1971
1/7 54
Woman at MECHA Retreat  
1971
Mexican Folk Art Exhibition at Western Washington State College in Bellingham, Washington
circa 1961-1977
Box/Folder item
1/8 55
Men preparing for exhibition and hanging artwork  
circa 1961-1977
1/8 56
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto holding horse figurine  
circa 1961-1977
1/8 57
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto pointing to artwork  
circa 1961-1977
1/8 58
Pottery display  
circa 1961-1977

Demonstrations and protestsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
box-folder:oversize item
OS3 59
Two men at Welfare Protest in Olympia, Washington on December 29, 1969  
1969
Chicano Moratorium in Seattle, Washington
1970
Box/Folder item
1/9 60-61
Young men and women at Chicano Moratorium  
1970
Box/Folder item
1/9 62
MECHA student demonstration outside of Padelford Hall at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington  
Note on verso: "Chicanas, Daily, 1/30/70 - pg. 2, Dr. Ricardo Aguire archive".This photograph accompanied an article inThe Dailyon January 30, 1970. The article, entitled "30 Chicanos March," discussed the Chicano student demonstration over the lack of disciplinary action taken against a teaching assistant in the romance language department. The teaching assistant, Luis Larios from Barcelona, Spain, was accused of admonishing two Chicano students for "the use of their mother tongue".
1970
Demonstration at King County Courthouse in Seattle, Washington
1972
Box/Folder item
1/10 63
Three men, Epi, Esteban, and George, at demonstration at King County Courthouse  
1972
1/10 64
Two people, Ymelda and Rogelio, at demonstration at King County Courthouse  
1972
1/10 65
Three people, David, Teresa, and Rita, at demonstration at King County Courthouse  
1972
1/10 66
Three men, Juan, Adrian, and Rafael, at demonstration at King County Courthouse  
1972

Theater - Teatro del PiojoReturn to Top

Teatro del Piojo, "Theater of the Louse," was a theatrical group founded in 1970 and directed at its outset by Ybarra-Frausto. Teatro del Piojo toured the West Coast region with humorous and satirical “actos” portraying the Chicano experience.

Container(s) Description Dates
Performance images inThe Daily
An article about El Teatro del Piojo was included in the UW student publicationThe Dailyon May 11, 1971, as part of a special Viva La Raza edition ofThe Daily.
1971-1972
Box/Folder item
1/11 67
Performer wearing dark robe and skeleton mask holds ax and "Sistema Educativo" sign  
1971
1/11 68
Four performers wearing dark robes, masks, and "Sistema" and "Educativo" signs hold white sheet  
1971
1/11 69
Two performers in costume, one with "Pvt. Chicano" sign, kneel on stage  
1971
1/11 70
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and two guitarists sing on stage  
Note on verso: "Daily 5/10/72".This image was not included inThe Dailyon May 10, 1972.
1972
Performances at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington
1972
Box/Folder item
1/12 71
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto holding a hat with another man on stage  
Note on verso: "To El Carnal Tomas, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 72
Sally Cantu and three other people on stage  
Note on verso: "To La Carnala Sally, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 73
Sally Cantu and five other people on stage  
Note on verso: "To La Carnala Celia, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 74
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto with female guitarist and others on stage  
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH 1/24/72, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 75
Performers kneel on stage  
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 76
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and others on stage with Viva La Raza sign and United Farm Workers flag  
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH 1/24/72, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 77
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and others on stage with cross  
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 78
Performers holding signs and flags on stage  
Note on verso: "Trento".
1972
Performances at UFWOC Benefit in Sunnyside, Washington
1972
Box/Folder item
1/13 79
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and man in sombrero perform inLas dos caras del patroncito  
1972
1/13 80
Men and women perform on stage with United Farm Workers flag  
1972
1/13 81-83
Men and women perform on stage in front of Teatro de Piojo sign  
1972
Performances at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington
undated
Box/Folder item
1/14 84
Contact sheet containing 36 images of El Teatro del Piojo performance at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington  
Note on verso: "#44, Salazar".
undated
1/14 85
Contact sheet containing 36 images of El Teatro del Piojo performance at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington  
Note on verso: "#45, Salazar".
undated
Box/Folder item
1/14 86
Image 16: men and women seated  
undated
Outdoor Performances
undated
Box/Folder item
1/15 87
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, wearing a "Patron" sign, and man in sombrero perform inLas dos caras del patroncito  
undated
1/15 88
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and man with sunglasses stand near stage  
undated
Rehearsals
undated
Box/Folder item
1/16 89
Contact sheet containing 34 images of El Teatro del Piojo rehearsal with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto  
John A. Moore, Office of Information Services, University of Washington, No. M-13997 (photographer)
undated
1/16 90
Contact sheet containing 30 images of El Teatro del Piojo rehearsal including portraits of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto  
John A. Moore, Office of Information Services, University of Washington, No. M-13998 (photographer)
undated
Performances at Ethnic Cultural Theatre at University of Washington in Seattle, Washington
undated
Box/Folder item
1/17 91
Performers in costumes hold up scarves  
undated
1/17 92
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, wearing a "Patron" sign, and others perform inLas dos caras del patroncito  
undated
1/17 93
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto performs inLas dos caras del patroncito  
undated
1/17 94
Spotlit woman kneels holding book on stage  
undated
1/17 95
Performers in yellow capes sit and stand in front of banner reading "Reflexiones de la Raza"  
Note on verso: "Frank & Estela Martinez".
undated
Performances in unknown venue with solid background
undated
Box/Folder item
1/18 96-110
Performers on stage  
undated
1/18 111
Men in sound booth  
undated
Performances in unknown venue with curtained background
undated
Box/Folder item
1/19 112
Performers in military costume with sign reading "Chale con el Draft"  
undated
1/19 113
Women kneels next to man lying down  
undated
1/19 114
Two women kneel in front of "Casita" set with sign reading "Miguel Aceves Mejia"  
undated
1/19 115
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto speaks on stage wearing sombrero and vest  
undated
1/19 116
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto speaks on stage wearing denim jacket  
undated
1/19 117
El Teatro del Piojo members sit in a circle playing instruments and singing  
undated
1/19 118
El Teatro del Piojo members pose with United Farm Workers Flag  
undated
Box/Folder item
1/20 119
Performer wearing dark robe, sombrero, and skeleton mask holding a gun  
undated
1/20 120
Performer drinking from a bottle while another performer in military costume looks on  
undated
1/20 121
Women in dark clothing stand in a circle with arms raised  
undated
1/20 122
Man creates a sign with the word "Charlie"  
undated
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/21 123
Jose Correa, Antonio Salazar, Eron Maltos and Jesus Lemos  
Notes on verso: "UMAS + Huelga banner, Daily 1/28/69 p. 11", "left to right: Jose Correa, Antonio Salazar, Eron Maltos, Jesus Lemos".This image accompanied an article about the United Mexican-American Students group in the UW student publicationThe Dailyon January 28, 1969.
1969
1/21 124
Two women and a man in front of a car  
1969
1/21 125
Four people pose on a lawn  
1969
1/21 126
Three men at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington  
1970
1/21 127
Jimmie Flores and Sally Cantu at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington  
Notes on verso: "Jimmie Flores & Sally Cantu (Carnala)", "Sally: you bring the beauty in this picture. I'm just there. Smile.", "Taken at McNeil Island, 'Mash' anniversary. Feb. 21, Sun. 1971", "My home add. in L.A. Jimmie G. Flores, 738 La Verne Ave. East L.A. Cal. 90022, 'The Shadow Of Your Smile' remember that song?".
1970
1/21 128
Eddie Chavez, Pelon Robles, Sally Cantu, Jimmy "Hick" Flores, and Tacheula Alvarez at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington  
Notes on verso: "Los Vatos de 'Maravilla'", "L. to R., Eddie Chavez, Pelon Robles, Sally Cantu, Jimmy 'Hick' Flores, Tacheula Alvarez", "Dec. 11th 71, You're surrounded by a whole lot of bad guys I'm only kidding (Simply overtaken by passion of hate)."
1971
1/21 129-131
Children and workers in a field  
1971
1/22 132
Roberto Maestas speaking at a gathering of young people  
Brian Haughton (photographer)
This gathering is likely related to a sit-in on April 5, 1973 in the Mayor's office in Seattle, Washington. Maestas organized the sit-in in an attempt to compel Seattle Mayor Wes Uhlman to sign leases to establish a Chicano ethnic center at the old Beacon Hill School.
circa 1973
1/22 133
Portrait of Antonia Castañeda  
Together with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and Joseph Sommers, Castañeda edited the bookChicano literature, text and context, published in 1972.
undated
1/22 134
Portrait of Joseph Sommers  
Together with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, Sommers edited the bookModern Chicano writers : a collection of critical essays, published in 1979.
undated
1/22 135
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto speaking in front of AFL-CIO Seattle flag  
undated
1/23 136-137
Residents of Lander Hall, Chicano House at University of Washington in Seattle, Washington  
undated
1/24 138-142
Groups of young people outdoors  
undated
1/24 143
Man standing in front of fireplace with "El Teatro Campesino" poster on wall  
El Teatro Campesino, "Farmworkers' Theater", is a theater company whose mission is to dramatize the plight and cause of farmworkers.
undated
1/24 144
Woman with name tag reading "Martinez" outdoors with two other young people  
undated
1/24 145
Two men in conversation with woman in the background  
undated

Color poster (slide), 1979Return to Top

Container(s): Box-folder 1/25, Item 146

Poster reads: "Comunismo no es crear conciencia con el dinero sino crear riqueza con la conciencia. 1868-1968. Cien anos de lucha. 28 de Sept. Octavo aniversario de los CDR". English translation: "Communism is not the money to create awareness but to create wealth consciousness. 1868-1968. Hundred years of struggle. Sept 28. Eighth anniversary of the CDR".

Comités de Defensa de la Revolución (CDR), or Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, was established by Fidel Castro on September 28, 1960 to promote social welfare and allow Cuban citizens to report "counter-revolutionary" activity.