Tomás Ybarra-Frausto photograph collection, circa 1969-1979  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
Title
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto photograph collection
Dates
circa 1969-1979 (inclusive)
Quantity
145 photographic prints (1 box and 1 folder) ; sizes vary
1 slide
Collection Number
PH0437
Summary
Photographs of Chicano artists, plays, protests, La Escuelita community center, and other activities related to Chicanos in Washington State
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries’ Digital Collections website. Permission of Visual Materials Curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Additional Reference Guides

These materials form part of the Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers, which are described and indexed in the guide to the Tomás Ybarra-Frausto Papers .

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Tomás Ybarra-Frausto taught in the Romance Languages and Literature Department at the University of Washington from 1970 until 1976. He was an instructor of Chicano culture and history and was actively involved in proposals for a Chicano Studies Program at the University. He was also interested in the activities of Chicano artists, theater and dance groups, student movements, farm workers associations, educational associations, and self-help organizations in Washington, Idaho and, Oregon.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection includes photographs relating to the activities of Chicano artists, students, and organizations in Washington State. Among the organizations represented are: La Escuelita in Granger, Washington, Teatro del Piojo, a theatrical group focused on portraying the Chicano experience, and Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MECHA), a student organization that promotes higher education, culture and history.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View the digital version of the collection

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Events and meetingsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Construction of La Escuelita
La Escuelita was a community center founded in Granger, Washington (with its population of 50% Chicano residents) whose mission was to provide an environment that would foster a positive self-image and encourage intellectual and spiritual development through language, games, and folkdance.
1969
Box/Folder item
1/1 1
 La Escuelita entrance
Note on verso: "'La Escuelita' formerly Granger's old Catholic Church".
circa 1969
1/1 2 circa 1969
1/1 3 circa 1969
1/1 4 circa 1969
1/1 5 circa 1969
1/1 6 circa 1969
1/1 7 circa 1969
1/1 8 circa 1969
1/1 9 circa 1969
1/1 10 circa 1969
1/1 11 circa 1969
1/1 12 circa 1969
1/1 13 1969
1/1 14 1969
1/2 15 circa 1969
1/2 16 1969
1/2 17 1969
1/2 18 circa 1969
1/2 19 circa 1969
1/2 20 circa 1969
1/2 21 circa 1969
1/2 22 circa 1969
1/2 23 circa 1969
1/2 24 circa 1969
1/2 25-26 circa 1969
La Escuelita, After Construction
undated
Box/Folder item
1/3 27 undated
1/3 28 undated
1/3 29 undated
1/3 30 undated
1/3 31
 Window above La Escuelita entryway with "Calmecac" artwork
Calmécac means "school of learning" in Nahuátl, a dialect in the Uto-Aztecan language family.
undated
United Farm Workers gathering in Granger, Washington
circa 1969
box-folder:oversize item
OS3 32 circa 1969
OS3 33 circa 1969
OS3 34 circa 1969
Meetings at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington
1969-1970
Box/Folder item
1/4 35 1969
1/4 36 1969
1/5 37-48 1970
1/6 49-52 1970
MECHA Retreat at Pack Forest in Eatonville, Washington
Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MECHA) is a student organization that promotes higher education, culture and history. MECHA was founded in 1969 on the principles of self-determination, political involvement, and education for the liberation of Chicano people.
1971
Box/Folder item
1/7 53 circa 1971
1/7 54 1971
Mexican Folk Art Exhibition at Western Washington State College in Bellingham, Washington
circa 1961-1977
Box/Folder item
1/8 55 circa 1961-1977
1/8 56 circa 1961-1977
1/8 57 circa 1961-1977
1/8 58 circa 1961-1977

Demonstrations and protestsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
box-folder:oversize item
OS3 59 1969
Chicano Moratorium in Seattle, Washington
1970
Box/Folder item
1/9 60-61 1970
Box/Folder item
1/9 62
 MECHA student demonstration outside of Padelford Hall at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington
Note on verso: "Chicanas, Daily, 1/30/70 - pg. 2, Dr. Ricardo Aguire archive".This photograph accompanied an article inThe Dailyon January 30, 1970. The article, entitled "30 Chicanos March," discussed the Chicano student demonstration over the lack of disciplinary action taken against a teaching assistant in the romance language department. The teaching assistant, Luis Larios from Barcelona, Spain, was accused of admonishing two Chicano students for "the use of their mother tongue".
1970
Demonstration at King County Courthouse in Seattle, Washington
1972
Box/Folder item
1/10 63 1972
1/10 64 1972
1/10 65 1972
1/10 66 1972

Theater - Teatro del PiojoReturn to Top

Teatro del Piojo, "Theater of the Louse," was a theatrical group founded in 1970 and directed at its outset by Ybarra-Frausto. Teatro del Piojo toured the West Coast region with humorous and satirical “actos” portraying the Chicano experience.

Container(s) Description Dates
Performance images inThe Daily
An article about El Teatro del Piojo was included in the UW student publicationThe Dailyon May 11, 1971, as part of a special Viva La Raza edition ofThe Daily.
1971-1972
Box/Folder item
1/11 67 1971
1/11 68 1971
1/11 69 1971
1/11 70
 Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and two guitarists sing on stage
Note on verso: "Daily 5/10/72".This image was not included inThe Dailyon May 10, 1972.
1972
Performances at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington
1972
Box/Folder item
1/12 71
 Tomás Ybarra-Frausto holding a hat with another man on stage
Note on verso: "To El Carnal Tomas, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 72
 Sally Cantu and three other people on stage
Note on verso: "To La Carnala Sally, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 73
 Sally Cantu and five other people on stage
Note on verso: "To La Carnala Celia, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 74
 Tomás Ybarra-Frausto with female guitarist and others on stage
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH 1/24/72, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 75
 Performers kneel on stage
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 76
 Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and others on stage with Viva La Raza sign and United Farm Workers flag
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH 1/24/72, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 77
 Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and others on stage with cross
Note on verso: "To El Teatro del Piojo, from Los Vatos de MASH, Tony [ilg], MASH President".
1972
1/12 78 1972
Performances at UFWOC Benefit in Sunnyside, Washington
1972
Box/Folder item
1/13 79 1972
1/13 80 1972
1/13 81-83 1972
Performances at Washington State Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington
undated
Box/Folder item
1/14 84 undated
1/14 85 undated
Box/Folder item
1/14 86 undated
Outdoor Performances
undated
Box/Folder item
1/15 87 undated
1/15 88 undated
Rehearsals
undated
Box/Folder item
1/16 89
 Contact sheet containing 34 images of El Teatro del Piojo rehearsal with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto
John A. Moore, Office of Information Services, University of Washington, No. M-13997 (photographer)
undated
1/16 90
 Contact sheet containing 30 images of El Teatro del Piojo rehearsal including portraits of Tomás Ybarra-Frausto
John A. Moore, Office of Information Services, University of Washington, No. M-13998 (photographer)
undated
Performances at Ethnic Cultural Theatre at University of Washington in Seattle, Washington
undated
Box/Folder item
1/17 91 undated
1/17 92 undated
1/17 93 undated
1/17 94 undated
1/17 95 undated
Performances in unknown venue with solid background
undated
Box/Folder item
1/18 96-110 undated
1/18 111 undated
Performances in unknown venue with curtained background
undated
Box/Folder item
1/19 112 undated
1/19 113 undated
1/19 114 undated
1/19 115 undated
1/19 116 undated
1/19 117 undated
1/19 118 undated
Box/Folder item
1/20 119 undated
1/20 120 undated
1/20 121 undated
1/20 122 undated
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder item
1/21 123
 Jose Correa, Antonio Salazar, Eron Maltos and Jesus Lemos
Notes on verso: "UMAS + Huelga banner, Daily 1/28/69 p. 11", "left to right: Jose Correa, Antonio Salazar, Eron Maltos, Jesus Lemos".This image accompanied an article about the United Mexican-American Students group in the UW student publicationThe Dailyon January 28, 1969.
1969
1/21 124 1969
1/21 125 1969
1/21 126 1970
1/21 127
 Jimmie Flores and Sally Cantu at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington
Notes on verso: "Jimmie Flores & Sally Cantu (Carnala)", "Sally: you bring the beauty in this picture. I'm just there. Smile.", "Taken at McNeil Island, 'Mash' anniversary. Feb. 21, Sun. 1971", "My home add. in L.A. Jimmie G. Flores, 738 La Verne Ave. East L.A. Cal. 90022, 'The Shadow Of Your Smile' remember that song?".
1970
1/21 128
 Eddie Chavez, Pelon Robles, Sally Cantu, Jimmy "Hick" Flores, and Tacheula Alvarez at U.S. Penitentiary on McNeil Island in Steilacoom, Washington
Notes on verso: "Los Vatos de 'Maravilla'", "L. to R., Eddie Chavez, Pelon Robles, Sally Cantu, Jimmy 'Hick' Flores, Tacheula Alvarez", "Dec. 11th 71, You're surrounded by a whole lot of bad guys I'm only kidding (Simply overtaken by passion of hate)."
1971
1/21 129-131 1971
1/22 132
 Roberto Maestas speaking at a gathering of young people
Brian Haughton (photographer)
This gathering is likely related to a sit-in on April 5, 1973 in the Mayor's office in Seattle, Washington. Maestas organized the sit-in in an attempt to compel Seattle Mayor Wes Uhlman to sign leases to establish a Chicano ethnic center at the old Beacon Hill School.
circa 1973
1/22 133
 Portrait of Antonia Castañeda
Together with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and Joseph Sommers, Castañeda edited the bookChicano literature, text and context, published in 1972.
undated
1/22 134
 Portrait of Joseph Sommers
Together with Tomás Ybarra-Frausto, Sommers edited the bookModern Chicano writers : a collection of critical essays, published in 1979.
undated
1/22 135 undated
1/23 136-137 undated
1/24 138-142 undated
1/24 143
 Man standing in front of fireplace with "El Teatro Campesino" poster on wall
El Teatro Campesino, "Farmworkers' Theater", is a theater company whose mission is to dramatize the plight and cause of farmworkers.
undated
1/24 144 undated
1/24 145 undated

Color poster (slide), 1979Return to Top

Container(s): Box-folder 1/25, Item 146

Poster reads: "Comunismo no es crear conciencia con el dinero sino crear riqueza con la conciencia. 1868-1968. Cien anos de lucha. 28 de Sept. Octavo aniversario de los CDR". English translation: "Communism is not the money to create awareness but to create wealth consciousness. 1868-1968. Hundred years of struggle. Sept 28. Eighth anniversary of the CDR".

Comités de Defensa de la Revolución (CDR), or Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, was established by Fidel Castro on September 28, 1960 to promote social welfare and allow Cuban citizens to report "counter-revolutionary" activity.

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Chicano movement--Washington (State)--Seattle
  • Chicano movement--Washington(State)
  • Civil rights demonstrations--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • College students--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Community centers--Washington (State)--Granger--Photographs
  • Mexican American college students--Photographs
  • Mexican American college students--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Mexican American college teachers--Photographs
  • Mexican American college teachers--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Mexican American theater--Washington (State)
  • Mexican Americans--Washington (State)--Photographs
  • Mexican Americans--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Theater--Political aspects--Washington (State)--Seattle
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)
  • Workers' theater--Washington (State)
  • Personal Names :
  • Chavez, Cesar,   1927-1993--Photographs (photographer)
  • Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938- --Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • McNeil Island Penitentiary--Photographs
  • Movimiento Estudiantil Chicana/o de Aztlán (University of Washington)
  • Teatro del Piojo (Organization)
  • Geographical Names :
  • Granger (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs