Rexford F. Daubenmire Ecological Images, 1931-1992  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Daubenmire, Rexford F., 1909-1995
Title
Rexford F. Daubenmire Ecological Images
Dates
1931-1992 (inclusive)
bulk 1931-1976 (bulk)
Quantity
4 Linear feet of shelf space, (9 boxes), (2000 images)
Collection Number
PC 122 (collection)
Summary
Rexford F. Daubenmire was a professor of botany at WSU and was widely recognized as one of the leading scholars in the field of plant ecology during his time. This photographic collection consists of several thousand black and white photographs and negatives (including some nitrate negatives), and slides of vegetation across North, Central, and South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Australia, with special consideration for the states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.
Repository
Washington State University Libraries, Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections.
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Terrell Library Suite 12
Pullman WA
99164-5610
Telephone: 509-335-6691
mascref@wsu.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open and available for research use.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Rexford F. Daubenmire was born 12 December 1909 in Coldwater, Ohio. He graduated from Butler University with a bachelor’s degree in 1930, the University of Colorado with a master’s degree in 1932, and received a doctorate from the University of Minnesota in 1935 in botany under William S. Cooper. He subsequently taught at the University of Tennessee for a year then the University of Idaho for a decade before accepting a position with Washington State College (later Washington State University) in 1946. He remained with WSU for 29 years and was professor emeritus of botany after his retirement in 1975. Daubenmire also held short appointments with several other universities and agencies, including at the Organization of Tropical Studies in Costa Rica, the United States Forest Service, and the Sierra Club. Daubenmire was a member of the Pacific Northwest Science Association, the American Society of Range Management, and the Association of Southeastern Biologists. In 1967 he served as president of the Ecological Society of America and received the society’s Eminent Ecologist Award in 1980, among other honors. Upon his retirement in 1975, Daubenmire moved to Florida with his wife, Jean, where he continued to research and publish until his death on 27 August 27 1995.

Daubenmire was widely recognized as one of the leading scholars in the field of plant ecology during his time. In the 1950s, he introduced a classification scheme for forest and grassland vegetation that the United States Forest Service later adopted. The Daubenmire system emphasized habitat, rather than what vegetation currently existed due to fire and human activity, such as ranching and farming, frequently altering native vegetation. Daubenmire also made significant contributions in explaining the relationship between vegetation and environmental conditions for a better understanding of ecological succession, the migration of plant species in North America over time, the range of tree species, and the impact of fire on plant communities.

Daubenmire published over 100 works in the field of plant ecology, including three widely used textbooks: "Plants and Environment: A Textbook of Plant Autecology," first published in 1947 and revised twice, served as standard text in agronomy, botany, and forestry classes and was translated into several languages, including Polish and Spanish; "Plant Communities: A Textbook of Plant Synecology," published in 1968, also became standard reference for ecologists; and finally "Plant Geography: with Special Reference to North America" published in 1978. Known affectionately as “Dauby” by his former students, Daubenmire supervised over 35 doctoral and 18 master's students in the field of botany during his tenure at WSU, many of whom later took positions as professors and ecologists within universities and government organizations around the world. The Department of Botany and the School of Biological Sciences recognize Daubenmire's contribution to the field and to WSU with the Rexford Daubenmire Award in Botany.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This photographic collection consists of several thousand black and white photographs and negatives (including some nitrate negatives), and slides of vegetation across North, Central, and South America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Australia, with special consideration for the states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. Daubenmire's original photographic logs accompany the images. Images are described individually from Daubenmire's own notes, listing location and vegetation, and including Daubenmire's annotations about date and subsequent changes.

Washington locations receive the most attention, although other Rocky Mountain states including Idaho but also Colorado, Montana, and Wyoming are documented along with sites in other states and countries. Images emphasize the vegetation of southeastern Washington and northwestern Idaho, especially the Palouse. As a large part of his professional research, Daubenmire photographed extensively in the fields, mountains, and forests of the Inland Northwest and thus the collection documents grassland and forest vegetation, including native and non-native species. The collection records the changes of vegetation in these areas between the 1930s and 1970s. Photographs show native or “virgin” tracts of grassland and forest vegetation, many of which have been succeeded in recent years by other vegetation through human and animal impact. The collection includes photographs which document the impact of fire on plant communities as well as Daubenmire’s personal graphs, charts, and maps.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

[Item Description] Rexford F. Daubenmire Ecological Images, 1931-1992 (PC 122)

Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series 1 - Prints and Negatives (1931-1976)Return to Top

Container(s) Description
Subseries 1.1 - Prints
Box item
1 1
Missing
1 2
Vernonia altissima - indicator of overgrazing
Martinsville, Indiana.
1 3
Sabina scopulorum - on forest floor of Rock Pine Mesas
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
1 4
Artemisia, plains
Near Roggen, Colorado. 1931
1 5
Pinus scopulorum savanna
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
1 6
Plant zonation around Redrock Lake
Near Ward, Colorado. 1931
1 7
Twist in bole of conifer (Pseudotsuga?)
1 8
Canyon vegetation between mesas
Boulder, Colorado (Pole Canyon). circa 1931
1 9
Opuntia, indicator of overgrazing
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
1 10
Antennaria apprica in short grass
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
1 11
Artemisia
Nebraska. 1931 September 7
1 12
Artemisia tridentata
Grand Lake, Colorado. circa 1931
1 13
Pinus flexilis
Triangulation Point near University Camp, Colorado (timberline). circa 1931
1 14
Picea engelmanii
Triangulation Point near University Camp, Colorado (timberline). circa 1931
1 15
Picea engelmanii
timberline on Mt. Evans, Colorado (with dwarf willows). 1932
1 16
Populus tremuloides - Pinus murrayana assoc. on burned-over land
Ward, Colorado. 1932
1 17
Sub-alpine lake being filled in with sedges
Near Blue Lake, Colorado. 1932
1 18
Salix - Carex community in depression of sand dunes
Roggen, Colorado. 1932
1 19
Estee Park, Colorado (now a reservoir!)
Estee Park, Colorado. 1932
1 20
Alkali patches
Near Ft. Lupton, Colorado. 1932
1 21
Dune-crest sand binding rhizome
Roggen, Colorado. 1932
1 22
Hardpan in prairie soil profile
Central City, Nebraska. 1932
1 23
Ilex verticillata - Sphagnum swamp
Near Bloomington, Indiana. 1932
1 24
Burnt-over land
North of Silver Lake, Colorado. 1932
1 25
Ant hill - in short-grass prairie
Near Whiterooks, Boulder, Colorado. 1932
1 26
Ant hill - in short-grass prairie
Near Whiterooks, Boulder, Colorado. 1932
1 27
Alpine peaks
looking West from Mt. Evans, elevation, 14,259'. 1932
1 28
Opuntia arborescens
Foothills of southern Colorado. 1932
1 29
Xylem skeleton of Carnegia gigantea
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
1 30
Barrel cactus (Ferrocaotus)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
1 31
Fouquieria splendens (Ocotillo, or Coachwhip)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
1 32
Erosion on a bluff
Hot Springs, New Mexico. 1932
1 33
Cereus (Carnegia) gigantea (Sajuaro, or Giant Cactus)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
1 34
Cereus (Carnegie) gigantea (Sajuaro, or Giant Cactus)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
1 35
Desert grassland
San Marcial, New Mexico. 1932
1 36
Phoradendron
Populus Hatch, New Mexico. 1932
1 37
Pinus edulis woodland
Las Vegas, New Mexico. 1932
1 38
Covillea glutinosa
Elephant Buttes, New Mexico. 1932
1 39
Covillea glutinosa
Elephant Buttes, New Mexico. 1932
1 40
Yucca elate (Palmilla)
Deming, New Mexico. 1932
1 41
Side of arroya
Southern Colorado. 1932
1 42
Side of arroya
Southern Colorado. 1932
1 43
(Cholla) Opuntia Epp.
Superior, Arizona. 1932
1 44
Desert scene
Mt. Superstion, N. of Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
1 45
Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.)
Safford, Arizona. 1932
1 46
Ant hill, etc. - short-grass prairie
New Mexico. 1932
1 47
Missing
1 48
Missing
1 49
Missing
1 50
Mesa ravine vegetation
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
1 51
Opuntia in shortgrass
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
1 52
No description
1 53
Tumbleweeds along road
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
1 54
Prunus getting established around rocks
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
1 55
prostrate Pinus flexilis
Mount Audubon, Colorado. 1932
1 56
Opuntia arborescense - detail of plant body and vascular skeleton
1932
1 57
An old beaver lake well filled in, and spruce-fir forest
Baldy Mountain, Colorado. 1932
1 58
A mountain park
Rollinsville, Colorado. 1932
1 59
Timberline
Baldy Mountain, Colorado. 1932 June 01
1 60
Diminutive flowers (Pulsatille hirsutissima, Eritrichium argentium, Thlaspi coloradense) from timberline
Baldy Mountain, Colorado. 1932
1 61
Desert vegetation
South of Superior, Arizona. 1932
1 62
Bald cypress in Hovey's Lake
Posey, County, Indiana. 1932
1 63
Bald cypress in Hovey's Lake
Posey County, Indiana. 1932
1 64
Bald cypress in Hovey's Lake
Posey County, Indiana.
1 65
Swell-butt ash (F. profunda) swamp forest
around Bacon's Swamp, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
1 66
Vegetation zonation, (carex, buttonbush, willow, swamp forest, upland forest, now covered with houses!)
Bacon's Swamp, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
1 67
Osmunda oinnamomea - bog
Northern Indiana. 1932
1 68
Pinus Banksiana flooded and killed by beaver
Itasca State Park, Minnesota. 1932
1 69
Virgin Pinus resinosa
Itasca State Park, Minnesota. 1932
1 70
Virgin Pinus resinnsa
Itasca State Park, Minnesota. 1932
1 71
Cycloloma on low sand hills
North of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1932
1 72
Hudsonia tomentosa - on low sand hills
North of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1932
1 73
A dune grass, spreading by rhizome
1932
1 74
Formation of a fore-dune around a grass clump
Northern Indiana. 1932
1 75
Dune front being captured by vegetation
1932
1 76
Gravel-bar vegetation zones: dianthera, carex, ambrosa populus salix
White River, north of Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
1 77
Gravel-bar vegetation zones: dianthera, carex, ambrosia populus salix
White River, north of Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
1 78
Dune advancing on bog
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 79
Shore of Lake Michigan where sand is washed up, dried, blown back into dunes
Dunes State Park. 1932
1 80
Vitis stabilizing a dune formed around a grass clump
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 81
Furnaceville blowout
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 82
Pinus strobus forest once covered and now uncovered by dune
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 83
Big Blowout
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 84
Shore of Lake Michigan where sand is washed up, dried, blown back into dune
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 85
Dune encroaching oak forest
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 86
Platanus growing upward as fast as dune covers it
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 87
Tilia - grew up with dune, now dune recedes and roots dangle
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 88
Active dune encroaching on bog
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 89
Side of a blowout
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
1 90
Big Woods forest interior (1)
Wright County, Minnesota. 1932 April 22
1 91
Ulmus americans
Hennepin County, Minnesota. 1932
1 92
Patrician drift
Scott County, Minnesota. 1932
1 93
Thin Patrician drift over Keewatin outwash
Scott County, Minnesota. 1932
1 94
Tilia glabra - basal sprouts
Minnesota. 1932
1 95
Tall grass prairie
Hennepin County, Minnesota. 1932
1 96
Hill forested on N. side
Southeastern Minnesota. 1932
1 97
Spruce-fir replacing Betula
Northeastern Minnesota. 1932
1 98
Verbena in over-grazed tall-grass prairie
Illinois. 1932
1 99
Dune blowout with Hudsonia
Minnesota, Anoka County. 1932
1 100
Pinus flexilis
University Of Colorado. 1931
1 101
Abies lasiocarpa
Mitchell Lake, Colorado. 1931
1 102
Betula papysifera thicket following fire
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 103
Young betula following a burn
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 104
Spruce-Fir-Birch
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 105
Foliose lichen on rock
circa 1932-1935
1 106
Rock crevise and surface successions (Potentilla tridentata)
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 107
Cut-over Maple-Basswood with Trillium grandiflorum
Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 108
Later stage of #106 [Rock crevise and surface successions]
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 109
Taxodium levees
circa 1932-1935
1 110
Tilia glabra - stump sprouts
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 111
Tilia glabra - stump sprouts
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 112
Celastius on Ostrya
Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 113
Wekkly podsolized drift - Q. ellipsoidalis forest
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 114
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota, "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
1 115
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota, "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
1 116
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
1 117
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
1 118
Bur oak Savanna - edaphis climax on sandy outwash
Anoka County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 119
Q. macrocarpa olivacea, relict of period of burning
Tilia Forest, Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 120
Maple - Basswood
Minnesota, "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
1 121
Sub-climax forest, fig and birch entering-black spruce Cedum waning
Grand Maris, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 122
Road out showing red drift
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 123
Road out showing shallow soil
Northern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 124
Fairy ring of puffballs
Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 125
Young stage of blank spruce - tamaraoh- Ledum associes
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 126
Burn with young birch and fireweed
Grand Marais, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 127
Climax spruce - fir- birch forest on shallow soil
Grand Marais, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 128
Floating-leaved rooted aquatios (Sparganium, Mymphaea) and emergent root aquatics (Equisetum) at edge of sedge mat
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 129
Lake - bog zonation
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 130
Lake bog zonation
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 131
Beech - Maple virgin forest
Marion County, Indiana. circa 1932-1935
1 132
Beech - Maple virgin forest
Marion County, Indiana. circa 1932-1935
1 133
Leaves and disseninules of Sugar Maple - Basswood dominants
central Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 134
Bur oak leaf and acorn (Q. macro-clivaeformis) galls on Populus, Celtis, Querous borealis
circa 1932-1935
1 135
Larix bog
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 136
Pinus banksiana
Near Motley?, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 137
Sugar maple - Basswood
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 138
Sugar maple - Basswood
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 139
Missing
Anoka County, Minnesota.
1 140
Fire scars on Pinus resinosa
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 141
Thuja-Sphagnum bog
Anoka County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 142
Picea canadensis
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 143
Pinus strobus
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 144
Betula papyrifera
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 145
Pinus resinosa
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 146
Abies balsame
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 147
Pinus resinosa with Picea-Abies understory
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 148
Pinus resinosa with Picea-Abies understory
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 149
Uvularia-Parthenocissus stratum, Sugar maple
Basswood forest at Lake Minnetonka, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
1 150
Abies lasiocarpa - Pioea engelmannii
Brainerd Lake, Colorado. 1935
1 151
Populus - Salix fringe along stream in shortgrass plains
North central Colorado. 1935
1 152
Salix in apline tundra
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
1 153
Silene acaulis
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
1 154
Pinus ponderosa
Black Hills, South Dakota. 1935
1 155
Quercus scrub above Artemisia
Northeastern Utah. 1935
1 156
Quercus scrub above Artemisia
Northeastern Utah. 1935
1 157
Loess along road cut
Council Bluffs, Iowa. 1935
1 158
Missing
in sandhills of Nebraska.
1 159
Tall-grass prairie
sandhills of Nebraska. 1935
1 160
Missing
unspecified in Neb..
1 161
Platte River gravel bars
Nebraska. 1935
1 162
Missing
1 163
Missing
1 164
Desert pavement - deflated area
Wyoming. 1935
1 165
grassland
Wyoming. 1935
1 166
Populus along stream
North central Wyoming. 1935
1 167
Missing
1 168
Missing
1 169
Hidden Lake
Glacier National Park. 1935 January 7
1 170
Spruce fir
Glacier Nat'l. Park. 1935
1 171
Thuja - Tsuga forest
Avalanche Creek, Glacier National Park. 1935
1 172
Fatsia horrida in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Glacier National Park. 1935
1 173
Alpine tundra
Logan Pass - Glacier National Park. 1935 August 3
1 174
Alpine tundra
Logan Pass - Glacier National Park. 1935
1 175
Larix occidentalis
Flathead Lake, Montana. 1935
1 176
Clements Glacier
Glacier National Park. 1935
1 177
Pinus contorta reproduction on a burn
Glacier National Park. 1935
1 178
Spruce, fir, etc
Avalanche Lake, Glacier National Park. 1935
1 179
Black bear in Thuja(feree plicata)
Glacier National Park. 1935
1 180
Juniperus
West of Butte, Montana. 1935
1 181
Badlands
South Dakota. 1935
1 182
Aspen thicket
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
1 183
'flag' trees
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
1 184
Unusually large Artemisia tridentata
Near Glen, Montana. 1935
1 185
Tallgrass prairie, sandhills
North of Anselmo, Nebraska. 1935
1 186
Shortgrass understory in #185
Anselmo, Nebraska. 1935
1 187
Missing
1 188
Juniper woodland
Pocatello, Idaho. 1935
1 189
Tsuga-Rhododendron maximum community along a stream
Cumberland Mountains,Tennessee. 1936
1 190
same as #189 [Tsuga-Rhododendron maximum community along a stream], but in Smoky Mountains Park
Tennessee. 1936
1 191
Heath bald (Rhododendron minus Leiophyllum lyoni)
Mount.Le Conte,Tennessee,6594'. 1936
1 192
same as 191 [Heath bald (Rhododendron minus Leiophyllum lyoni)]
Mount.Le Conte,Tennessee,6594'. 1936
1 193
same as 191 [Heath bald (Rhododendron minus Leiophyllum lyoni)]
Mount.Le Conte,Tennessee,6594'. 1936
1 194
Heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 195
Heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 196
Heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 197
A beech gap in the spruce-fir forest
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee, 5100'. 1936
1 198
A beech gap in the spruce-fir forest
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee, 5100'. 1936
1 199
Hylocomium splendens and other mosses of spruce-fir forest
Mount Le Conte, Tennessee - 6500'. 1936
1 200
Spruce-fir forest
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee, 5100'. 1936
1 201
Rhododendron maximum-Kalmia undesstory under cove deciduous trees - winterstreamside - 3200'
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 202
Andropgon sp.(virginicus?) in old field
Tennessee, 1300'. 1936
1 203
Trail cut thru Kalmia-Rhododendron maximum bald
Trillium Gap,Smoky Mountain National Park, Tennessee. 1936
1 204
Interior of cove forest -winter- Ramsey Prong
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 205
Quercus montana
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 206
Aesculus octandra
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 207
Liriodendron
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 208
Prunus serotina
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 209
Quercus borealis maxima
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 210
Fagus grandifolia
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 211
Celtis occidentalis
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 212
Platanus occidentalis
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 213
Carya ovata
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 214
Local stabilization of dune by Calamovilfa longifolia
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
1 215
Dune erosion retarded by clump of Calamovilfa
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
1 216
Stipa spartea forming ariopen dune community
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
1 217
Stabilization of dune surface by calamovilfa longifolia and Cenchrus carolinianus
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
1 218
Populus tremuloides spreading along dune at edge of lake, by horizontal roots
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
1 219
Amorpha fruiticosa - edaphic prairie on dune sand
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
1 220
Quercus macrocarpa olivaeformis forming dwarfed prairie savanna
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
1 221
Quercus macrocarpa olivaeformis forming dwarfed prairie savanna
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
1 222
Quercus macrocarpa olivaeformis forming dwarfed prairie savanna
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
1 223
Chamaedaphne
central Minnesota. 1936
1 224
Mite spruce and balsam fir coming in under birch
Virginia, Minnesota. 1936
1 225
Ledurr-Sphagnum-Vaccinium oxycoccus being followed by black spruce
Virginia, Minnesota. 1936
1 226
Quercus alba in oak-hickory forest
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 227
Acer saccharum and some Fagus in ravine
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 228
lianas (mostly Vitis) in floodplain forest
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 229
Scrub pine following andropogon in old field
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
1 230
same as 229 [Scrub pine following nndropogon in old field] but later stage in succession
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
1 231
Pinus virginiana
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
1 232
Interior of Pinus virginiana forest on eroded topography
1936
1 233
Cornus florida stratum in deciduous forest
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
1 234
Parson's bald as viewed from Gregory Bald, (grassland Vaccinium,Lyonia,Salix Crataegus fringe dwarf Quercus borealis maxima for)
Tennessee-North Carolina line. 1936
1 235
Vernonia in overgrazed pasture
Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
1 236
Erosion following destruction of vegetation in mining
Copperhills, Georgia. 1936
1 237
Erosion following destruction of vegetation in mining
Copperhills, Georgia. 1936
1 238
Shortleaf pine regeneration
Elijin, Georgia. 1936
1 239
Loblolly pine, burned bark
central Georgia. 1936
1 240
Longleaf pine tupentined
coastal plain of Georgia. 1936
1 241
dune forming plant of seashore
St. Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 242
Sabal palmetto on coastal dune
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 243
Avicennia hitida
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 244
Avicennia hitida
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 245
Avicennia hitida
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 246
Saw palmetto - Serenoa
Carbur,Flordia. 1936
1 247
Rhizophora mangle
St. Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 248
Rhizophora mangle
St. Petersburg, Florida. 1936
1 249
Sabal megacarpa or Rhapidophyllum hysterix - 6'
Near Royal Palm State Park, Florida. 1936
1 250
epiphytes on Q. virginiana
Royal Palm State Park, Florida. 1936
1 251
strangler fig
Miami, Florida. 1936
1 252
Cocos nicifera
Miami Beach Florida. 1936
1 253
everglades
West of Palm Beach, Florida. 1936
1 254
epiphytic bromeliad
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 255
epiphytic bromeliad
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 256
bisect of low hammock (Quercus-S_bal) Highlands Hammock
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 257
Rinus palustris
Baconton, Georgia. 1936
1 258
Rinus palustris
Baconton, Georgia. 1936
1 259
Pinus taeda with oak, sweet gum, etc. coming in
Ochlocknee, Georgia. 1936
1 260
Taxodium ascendens
Thomasville, Georgia. 1936
1 261
Lagnolia grandiflora-Fagus forest ek.kurz)
Tallahassee, Florida. 1936
1 262
Polypodium polypodicides on Quercus laurifolia
Tallahassee, Flordia. 1936
1 263
Taxodium along
Wakulla River, Florida. 1936
1 264
Pinus palustris-Serenoa
Wakulla River, Flordia. 1936
1 265
Tillandsia usneoides
1936
1 266
Sabal palmetto
West of Perry, Florida. 1936
1 267
Live oak forest
Green Cove Springs, Florida. 1936
1 268
Vittaria lineata on Sabal palmetto
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 269
epiphytes covering branchesof Q. virginiana
Royal Palm State Park, Florida. 1936
1 270
Saracennia minor - cypress swamp
Georgia. 1936
1 271
interior of low hammock (live-oak-cabbage palm) Highland Hammock
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 272
S. Appalachians
Northwest of Ducktown, Tennessee. 1936
1 273
Pinus caribaea-Serenoa
Near Fort Myers, Florida. 1936
1 274
Ipomoea pes-capri and Uniola aniculata on strand
Fort Myers, Florida. 1936
1 275
Freshwater marsh zonation Claudium, Sabal, Pinus elliottii
Near Everglades, Florida. 1936
1 276
Same [Freshwater marsh zonation Claudium, Sabal, Pinus elliottii] without pine
Near Everglades, Florida. 1936
1 277
Same [Freshwater marsh zonation Claudium, Sabal, Pinus elliottii] without pine
Near Everglades, Florida. 1936
1 278
Rhizophora mangle
Southernmost tip of peninsular Flordia. 1936
1 279
Tillandsia recurvata and T. usneoides on telephone wires
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 280
Tillandsia recurvata and T. usneoides on telephone wires
Sebring, Florida. 1936
1 281
Quercus following Pinus elliotti
Babson Park, Florida. 1936
1 282
Hammock
West of Kissimee, Florida. 1936
1 283
Taxodium distichum (height 126' circ.43' age 3000-3500 yrs.)
Near Longwood, Florida. 1936
1 284
Beech-Sugar maple forest
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1936
1 285
Wata hyceinth covering a lake
South of Gainesville, Florida. 1936
1 286
Sabal palmetto
West of Perry, Flordia. 1936
1 287
Cuscuta
Florida. 1936
1 288
Quercus alba
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1936
1 289
Saracennia flava
McRea, Georiga. 1936
1 290
Saracennia flava
McRea, Georgia. 1936
1 291
Pinus Ascopulorum
Boulder, Colorado. 1936
1 292
Blight-killed chestnut
Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee. 1936
1 293
Quercus borealis maxima at edge of a grass bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 294
Quercus borealis maxima at edge of a grass bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
1 295
edge of Gregory bald, zones: red oak, Crataegus, ericads, grassland
Tennessee. 1936
1 296
edge of Gregory bald, zones: red oak, Crataegus, ericads, grassland
Tennessee. 1936
1 297
Cedar barrenson limestone outcrop
Near Mascot, Tennessee. 1936
1 298
Tsuga heterophylla [western hemlock] in Cedar-hemlock forest
Priest Lake, Idaho. 1936
1 299
Cedar-hemlock forest
Priest Lake, Idaho. 1936
1 300
No description
1 301
Thuja plicata [western red cedar] in Cedar-hemlock forest
Priest Lake, Idaho. 1936
1 302
Tsuga [hemlock] germinating on a stump
Northern Idaho. 1936
1 303
Alpine tundra and bighorn sheep
Mount Mashburn, Wyoming at 10,100 feet. 1936
1 304
Timberline at 1000 feet
Rocky Mountain National Park.
1 305
same [Timberline at 1000 feet] with wet meadow in valley bottom
Rocky Mountain National Park. 1936
1 306
Invasion of glaciated rock surface
Glacier Gorge, Rocky Mountain National Park. 1936
1 307
Glacier Gorge
Rocky Mountain National Park. 1936
1 308
Ptarmigan
Long's Peak, Colorado at 12,000 feet. 1936
1 309
Park in spruce-fir zone
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
1 310
lake zonation
University of Wyoming Campus at 10,000 feet. 1936
1 311
Vaccinium scoparium
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
1 312
forest floor in spruce-fir
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
1 313
spruce-fir forest
University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
1 314
antelope
Near Gardiner, Wyoming. 1936
1 315
No description
1 316
spruce-fir reproduction on burn after 52 years
Gothic, Colorado. 1936
1 317
same as 312 [forest floor in spruce-fir] but with mushroom eaten by Sciurus
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
1 318
Douglas fir killed by the spruce bud worm (Cocoecia fumerirana)
Yellowstone National Park. 1936
1 319
Medicine Bow range -talus and glacial lake
Wyoming. 1936
1 320
alpine fell field at 11,500 feet
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1936
1 321
Artemisia tridentata in mountain park
Grand Lake, Colorado. 1936
1 322
migration of a grass by propagules
Grand Lake, Colorado. 1936
1 323
heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1936
1 324
Pinon nut forest
Glentivar, Colorado. 1936
1 325
spruce fir forest
Near Gothic, Colorado. 1936
1 326
avalanch tracks thru spruce-fir
Baldy Mountain near Gothic, Colorado. 1936
1 327
No description
1 328
spruce fir forest interior
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
1 329
Abies lasiocarpa - 62 cm. D.L.H.
University of Wyoming Campus at 10,000 feet. 1936
1 330
No description
1 331
spruce-fir forest
Edson Fichter's station, University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
1 332
spruce with porcupine injury
University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
1 333
carpel refuse around cache of Sciurus fremontii
University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
1 334
spruce-fir forest interior
Gothic, Colorado. 1936
1 335
horizontal adventitious root system of salix [willow] on sandbar
Snake River, Idaho. 1937
1 336
Palouse River Canyon in Columbia Basalt; grassland zone
Near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
1 337
mesosere: mosses invading bare rock in moist ravine
Sheep Creek, Idaho. 1937
1 338
Artemisia tridentata [sagebrush] community on floodplain
Washtucna, Washington. 1937
1 339
Near-virgin Agropyron spicatum bunchgrass
Near McAdam, Washington, at 1100 feet. 1937
1 340
Abrupt ecotone between Agropyron spicatum bunchgrass and an impoverished community on shallow soil
Near McAdam, Washington. 1937
1 341
Alternation of prairie and ponderosa pine forest at the lower limit (approx. 3500 feet) of tree growth
Whitebird, Idaho. 1937
1 342
Overgrazed Agroyron bunchgrass
Near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
1 343
Virgin Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1937
1 344
Virgin Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1937
1 345
Virgin Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1937
1 346
Agropryon bunchgrass (Lithosolic agropyron - poa association), end of a clipped strip 1 meter in width from which all Agropyron had just been clipped, the remaining vegetation is very scanty, consisting of flowering Amsinckia [fiddleneck] and may be seen
8 miles West of Colfax, Washington. 1937
1 347
Overgrazed Agropyron-festuca bunchgrass, interstitial plants are plantago purshii [wolly plantain], Achillea lanulosa [fiddleneck], bromus tectorum [cheatgrass], and lomatium [deset parsely]
5 miles West of Lacrosse, Washington. 1937
1 348
Palouse canyon in Columbia basalt
Near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
1 349
Agropyron-poa bunchgrass, end of a stip 1 meter side from which all Agropyron and Stipa [needlegrass] had just been clipped. Note abundance of litter. Some Bromus tectorum [cheatgrass] and Plantago purshii [wolly plantain] are the chief plants left
Near Washtucna (at Palouse Falls), Washington. 1937
1 350
Agropyron bunchgrass
Palouse Falls, near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
1 351
Overgrazed Agropyron [bunchgrass] prairie with little but Plantago purshii [woolly plantain] remaing
Palouse Falls, near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
1 352
Cactus
Southern California. 1938
1 353
Ferrocactus sp. with Washingtonia filamentosa in background
Near Palm Springs, California. 1938
1 354
Washingtonia filamentosa along creek in desert
Near Palm Springs, California. 1938
1 355
Larix occidentalis [western larch]
East of Potlatch, Idaho, Laird Park. 1938
1 356
Pinus monticola [western white pine]
East of Potlatch, Idaho, Laird Park. 1938
1 357
Burned Larix occidentalis [western larch], with Chamaenerion [fireweed] and Salix [willow]
Moscow Mountain, Moscow, Idaho. 1938
1 358
Picea engelmanii [Engelmann spruce] with tips snapped off by wind
Moscow Mountain, Moscow, Idaho. 1938
1 359
Streamside meadow; Crataegus [hawthorn], Lupinus [lupine], Achillea [yarrow]
5 miles south of Moscow, Idaho. 1938
1 360
Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry]
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1938
1 361
Quercus macrocarpa in prairie ravine
East of Marvin, South Dakota. 1938
1 362
Stipa-Koeleria prairie
Near Pennock, Minnesota. 1938
1 363
Quercus macrocarpa-stipa spartea
South of Rice, Minnesota. 1938 July 31
1 364
Pinus banksiana
Motley, Minnesota. 1938
1 365
Sarcobatus-Distichilis with Artemisia tridentata on talus in background
9 miles east of Beverly, Washington at 550 feet. 1938
1 366
Artemisia tridentata
11 miles east of Corfu, Washington at 800 feet. 1938
1 367
Artemisia tridentata [sagebrush] in valley with Agropyron-festuca spicatum [bunchgrass] on hilltops
1 mile north of Kahlotus, Washington. 1938
1 368
Elymus cinereus [basin wildrye]
8 miles east of Kahlotus, Washington. 1938
1 369
Plantago purshii [woolly plantain] biotic climax
Near Palouse Falls, Washington. 1938
1 370
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus - Chrysothamnus nauseus [yellow-rubber rabbitbrush]
7 miles West of La Crosse, Washington. 1938
1 371
Larix [larch] invading a burn
28 miles West of Superior, Montana on north facing slope. 1938
1 372
Ceanothus velutinus a pioneer on burned area
28 miles West of Superior, Montana on south facing slope. 1938
1 373
Portrait of Ceanothus velutinus
Superior, Montana. 1938
1 374
Pinus ponderosa following Ceanothus
28 miles West of Superior, Montana on north facing slope. 1938
1 375
Pinus ponderosa replacing itself directly after fire
4 miles south of Worley, Idaho. 1938
1 376
Pinus contorta following logging and burning
12 miles north of Potlatch, Idaho. 1938
1 377
Sharp transition from Artemisia tridentata to old field with Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus-Purshia (on coase sand)
Near Mae, Washington. 1938
1 378
Distichilis tricta in Sarcobatus flat
Near Corfu, Washington. 1938
1 379
Pinus strobus in sugar maple-basswood forest
Itasca Park, Minnesota. 1938
1 380
No description
1 381
Ant nest in Salsoa assocation
Forsyth, Montana. 1938
1 382
Stipa prairie
East of Andover, South Dakota. 1938 July 27
1 383
Spartina michauxii
Near Bristol, South Dakota. 1938 July 27
1 384
Stipa spartea prairie
Near Milbank, South Dakota. 1938 July 27
1 385
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
22 miles West of Ritzville, Washington. 1938
1 386
Andropogon scoparius-Bouteloua on uplands, with Salicornia-Atriplex around salt flat
36 miles West of Jamestown, North Dakota. 1938
1 387
Prairie soil profile
29 miles West of Bowman, North Dakota. 1938
1 388
Stipa-comata-Bouteloua
6 miles east of Big Timber, Montana. 1938 September 08
1 389
Stipa-comata-Bouteloua
6 miles east of Big Timber, Montana. 1938 September 08
1 390
Stipa comata-Bouteloua gracilies-buchloe
Between Three Forks and Toston, Montana. 1938
1 391
Pure stand of Salsola following overgrazing
Between Three Forks and Toston, Montana. 1938
1 392
Stipa absent, some Bouteloua and Buchloe, wwith Opuntia and Salsoa coming in
Between Three Forks and Toston, Montana. 1938
1 393
Juniperus
16 miles east of Drummond, Montana. 1938
1 394
Artemisia tridentata
2 miles east of Neppel, Washington. 1938
1 395
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus-Purshia tridentata on coarse sand
10 miles West of Neppel, Washigton. 1938
1 396
Stipa comata on sandy soil
West of Neppel, Washington. 1938
1 397
Juniperus occidentalis along Columbia River
Near Vantage, Washington. 1938
1 398
Thuja-Tsuga forest
West slope of Cascades, West of Snoqualmie Pass, Washington. 1938 April 06
1 399
Colonization of talus by prairie
Yakima Valley, Washington. 1938
1 400
Paths along hill made by grazing cattle
Near Walla Walla, Washington. 1938
1 401
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/Poa [bunchgrass] prairie
Palouse Falls, near Washtucna, Washington. 1938 May 21
1 402
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/Poa [bunchgrass] prairie, following heavy grazing
Near La Crosse, Washington. 1938 May 21
1 403
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/poa [bunchgrass] prairie, but after Agropyron has been chewed off level with the ground
Between Hooper and La Crosse, Washington. 1938 May 21
1 404
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/poa [bunchgrass] prairie, after Agropyron has been completely eliminated
Palouse Falls, Washington. 1938 May 21
1 405
Festuca/Symphoricarpos [fescue/snowberry] prairie
Whitman County, Washington. 1938 June 03
1 406
Festuca/Symphoricarpos [fescue/snowberry] prairie, showing effect of grazing
Whitman County, Washington. 1938 June 03
1 407
Soil profile in Festuca/Symphoricarpos [fescue/snowberry] zone , showing zone of horizontal flow of water
Whitman County, Washington. 1938 June 03
1 408
Ranunculus glaberriumus and Sisyrinchium growing uninjured by late snow
unknown. 1938
1 409
Alternation between Festuca/Symphoricarpos and ponderosa pine forest
Kamiah, Idaho. 1938
1 410
Alternation between Festuca/Symphoricarpos and ponderosa pine forest
Kamiah, Idaho. 1938
1 411
Mountain meadow in Thuja zone, trees immediately around meadow are Abies lasiocarpa
South of Lowell, Idaho. 1938
1 412
Alnus sinuata thicket in draw - Engelmann spruce zone; stems all bent down
Coolwater Mountain, Nez Perce National Forest, Idaho. 1938
1 413
Phlox douglasii - a mat plant on windswept ridges near timberline
Coolwater Mountain, Nez Perce National Forest, Idaho. 1938
1 414
Overgrazed area - Crataegus/Heraclium [hawthorn/cowparsnip] habitat
5 miles east of Pullman, Washington. 1938 July 22
1 415
Road cut through loess
North of Steptoe, Washington. 1938
1 416
Talus along cliff along Columbia river
South of Wenatchee, Washington. 1938
1 417
Glacial till
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
1 418
Pteris in prairie restricted by wind or soil type
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 419
Pseudotsuga on thin silt lying on lee side of ridge
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 420
Pseudotsuga on thin silt lying on lee side of ridge
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 421
Pseudotsuga
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
1 422
Pseudotsuga
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
1 423
Pseudotsuga following logging and burning
Near Centralia, Washington. 1938
1 424
Edge of burn in cedar-hemlock zone; Alnus rubra pioneer
South of Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 425
Tsuga following Alnus rubra on burn
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 426
Tsuga, Picea sitchensis, and Vaccinium on a stump
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
1 427
Acer macrophyllum in moist ravine
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
1 428
Acer macrophyllum in moist ravine
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
1 429
Acer macrophyllum in moist ravine
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
1 430
Tsuga heterophylla
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
1 431
Tsuga heterophylla
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
1 432
Tsuga heterophylla and Pseudotsuga
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
1 433
Chase Lake bog; zonation: 1. Nymphaea, 2. sedge (Carex?), 3. Ledum groenlandicum - Oxyzoccus-Cladonia-Andromeda, 4. Tsuga heterophylla; now filled in and covered with houses
12 miles north of Seattle, Washington. 1938
1 434
Chase Lake bog; zonation: 1. Nymphaea, 2. sedge (Carex?), 3. Ledum groenlandicum - Oxyzoccus-Cladonia-Andromeda, 4. Tsuga heterophylla; now filled in and covered with houses
12 miles north of Seattle, Washington. 1938
1 435
Arbutus menziesii, along sound
Seattle, Washington. 1938
1 436
Arbutus menziesii bark
Seattle, Washington. 1938
1 437
Dunes (Salix-Pinus contorta-Picea sitchensis)
Westport, Washington. 1938
1 438
Abronia
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 439
Picea sitchensis
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
1 440
Zonation around alkali basin
Grand Coulee, Washington. 1938
1 441
Abies-Tsuga mertensiana-Picea engelmannii
just east of Stevens Pass in Cascades, Washington, elevation 3800 feet. 1938
1 442
Abies-Tsuga mertensiana-Picea engelmannii
just east of Stevens Pass in Cascades, Washington, elevation 3800 feet. 1938
1 443
End of Nisqually Glacier, 3908 feet
Mount Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
1 444
End of Nisqually Glacier, 3908 feet
Mount Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
1 445
Forest invading glaciated valley
Nisqually Glacier area, Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
1 446
Subalpine forest invading talus stabilized by Alnus
Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
1 447
Timberline - trees confined to ridges!
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 448
Subalpine meadow (Polygonum, Lupinus, Ligusticum, Erigeron)
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 449
Xerophyllum
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 450
Heddophyllum sp. on rocks in littoral zone
False Bay, San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 451
Miscellaneous brown algae and Phyllospadix scouleri (always on rocky bottom)
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 452
Enteromorpha intestinalis in litoral zone - only in rock crevices where fresh water seeps out at low tide
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 453
Zostera marina on sand flats at low tide - a sand-binder - is waning in this region
False Bay, San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 454
Salicornia-Distichilis-Atriplex-Cuscuta salt marsh community
West Point Lighthouse, Seattle, Washington. 1938
1 455
Salicornia
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 456
Atriplex
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
1 457
Saxifraga at timberline
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 458
Glacial drift
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
1 459
Blow-out in Elymus cinereus assocation
Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 460
Coastal dunes
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 461
Coastal dunes
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 462
Coastal dunes
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 463
Forendunes with Elymus
central Oregon coast. 1938
1 464
Elymus planted to stabilize sand
central Oregon coast. 1938
1 465
Picea sitchensis on dunes
Oregon. 1938
1 466
Stratification of dune sand
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 467
Iron cementation in Pleistocene dunes
central Oregon coast. 1938
1 468
Stratification of dune sand
central Oregon coast. 1938
1 469
Darlingtonia
Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 470
Darlingtonia
Florence, Oregon. 1938
1 471
Postelsia
Rocky Creek State Park, Oregon. 1938
1 472
Dry valley vegetation (west slope prairie: oak savanna, oak forest, Pseudotsuga; east slope: prairie, Pseudotsuga)
Near Willamina, Oregon. 1938
1 473
Quercus garryana savanna
Myrtle Creek, Oregon. 1938
1 474
Disturbed oak savanna with heavy infusion of Ceanothus cuneatus and Arctostaphylos mariposa
West of Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
1 475
Pseudotsuga forest with understory of Acer circinata, Thuja and Tsuga
Near Rhododendron, Oregon. 1938
1 476
Arctostaphylos-Ceanothus-Castanopsis following removal of montane forest
Shasta, California. 1938
1 477
Arctostaphylos-Ceanothus-Castanopsis following removal of montane forest
Shasta, California. 1938
1 478
Ponderosa pine replacing fire-induced sclerophyll scrub
East of Shasta, California. 1938
1 479
Interior of Pseudotsuga - Pinus ponderosa-P. lambertiana - Libocedrus forest
Rogue River National Forest, Oregon. 1938
1 480
Pinus lambertiana - 8 feet 7 inches DBH - 230 feet tall - 500 years old
West of Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
1 481
Libocedrus decurrens
West of Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
1 482
Sagebrush and juniper
Lower Klamath Lake, Oregon. 1938
1 483
Pinus albicaulis
Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
1 484
Ericad scrub on exposed coastal dunes
Roosevelt Beach, Oregon. 1938
1 485
Broad sclerophyll forest in ravine with sclerophyll scrub in uplands
Mount Tamalpais, Califrornia. 1938
1 486
Broad sclerophyll scrub - prairie transition
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 487
Broad sclerophyll scrub - prairie transition
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 488
Adenostoma fasciculata - Ceanothus crassifolius cuneatus on soil too thin for prairie
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 489
Effect of sandstone dike on vegetation
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 490
Arctostaphylos mariposa (?)
California. 1938
1 491
Adenostoma crown sprouts 3 years old in burned digger pine forest
Near Merced, California. 1938
1 492
Quercus dumosa - Ceanothus crassifolius
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
1 493
Agave shawii
Baja, California. 1938
1 494
Broad sclerophyll scrub and forest
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
1 495
Quercus wislizeni - Arbutus menziesii with Rhus trilobata on ground
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
1 496
Quercus wislizeni - Arbutus menziesii with Rhus trilobata on ground
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
1 497
Broad sclerophyll scrub, climatic climax
East of San Bernardino, California. 1938
1 498
Muroc Lake (temporary)
East of Mojave, California. 1938
1 499
Yucca - Larraea - Franseria - Atriplex conf.
South of Kramer, California. 1938
1 500
Yucca - Larraea - Franseria - Atriplex conf.
South of Kramer, California. 1938
1 501
Juniperus - Opunita - Yucca
Acton, California. 1938
1 502
Yucca arborescens - Juniper
8 miles east of Acton, California. 1938
1 503
Yucca arborescens
North of Plamdale, California. 1938
1 504
Allenrolfia occidentalis
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
1 505
Atriplex conferitifolia
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
1 506
Atriplex conferitifolia
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
1 507
Larraea tridentata
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
1 508
Post-pleistocene loess on alluvium
Near Hooper, Washington. 1938
1 509
Prosopis pubenscens and Acacia greggii
Borego Desert, California. 1938
1 510
Desert along west edge of Salton Sea
California. 1938
1 511
Desert along west edge of Salton Sea with Prosopis on dunes
California. 1938
1 512
Desert along west edge of Salton Sea
California. 1938
1 513
Opuntia bigelovii, Franseria dumosa, Fouquieria splendens
23 miles West of the south end of Salton Sea, California. 1938
1 514
Agave deserti, with Larraea
Borego Desert, California. 1938
1 515
Palm Canyon
California. 1938
1 516
Prosopis pubescens with Phoradendron californicum
Salton Desert, California. 1938
1 517
Allenrolifa, edge of Salton Sea
California. 1938
1 518
Abronia maritima - Mesembryanthesus aequilaterale on coastal dune
Baja, California. 1938
1 519
Foredunes captured by Franseria and Abronia maritima
50 miles south of Tijuana, Mexico. 1938
1 520
Blowout
Near Santa Maria, California. 1938
1 521
Blowout, but stabilized by Ericameria ericoides - Lupinus edaphic climax
Near Santa Maria, California. 1938
1 522
Dune tongues invading land
Santa Maria, California. 1938
1 523
Franseria dumosa forming a foredune
Santa Maria, California. 1938
1 524
Franseria dumosa forming a foredune, showing effects of wind in undermining
Santa Maria, California. 1938
1 525
Sand dunes
West of Yuma, Arizona in California. 1938
1 526
Larraea in California
just West of Yuma, Arizona. 1938
1 527
Fog belt
lookin west from summit of Santa Lucia, Mountains, California. 1938
1 528
Fog belt
Near Eureka, California. 1938
1 529
Fog belt
seen from Mount Diablo, Califonria. 1938
1 530
Sequoia sempervirens - Lithocarpus
Muir Woods National Monument, California. 1938
1 531
Sequoia sempervirens
Dyerville, California. 1938
1 532
Sequoia sempervirens
Dyerville, California. 1938
1 533
Circle of sprouts around an old redwood stump
California. 1938
1 534
Redwood sprouting after logging and burning
California. 1938
1 535
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
1 536
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
1 537
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
1 538
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
1 539
Quercus wislizeni - Q. lobata, etc. on hills with prairie in valley
Petaluna, California. 1938
1 540
Quercus savanna with Pseudotsuga above
Near Yorkville, California. 1938
1 541
Postelsia
California. 1938
1 542
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
1 543
Tsuga mertensiana
Mount Lassen, California. 1938
1 544
(timberline: 8700 feet), Pinus albicaulis
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 545
Abies magnifica, 6700 feet
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 546
Abies conolor and Pinus jeffreyi
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 547
Pinus ponderosa colonizing volcanic mud flow 18 years old. Trees were smothered by mud
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 548
Pinus ponderosa - P. lambertiana - Psuedotsuga - Libocedrus
West of Bartle, California. 1938
1 549
Pinus ponderosa
North edge of Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 550
Pinus ponderosa stump; insect damage following fire
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 551
Volcanic avalanche materal several hundred years old being colonized by Pinus contorta, P. ponderosa, Abies magnifica
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 552
Pinus ponderosa being replaced by Abies concolor
Lassen Park, California. 1938
1 553
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Merced, California. 1938
1 554
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Redding, California. 1938
1 555
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Redding, California. 1938
1 556
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Redding, California. 1938
1 557
Broad sclerophyll scrub, climatic climax
10 miles West of Boulevard, California. 1938
1 558
No description
1 559
Cupressus macrocarpa (Monterey cypress)
Monterely Pen., California. 1938
1 560
Cactoid Euphorbia, in conservatory
Berkeley, California. 1938
1 561
Euphorbia coerulescens, South Africa
Huntington Conservatory, California. 1938
1 562
Ceropegia (Asclepiadaceae), Canary Islands
Huntington Conservatory, California. 1938
1 563
Ephedra nevadensis,
Jacumba, California. 1938
1 564
Parkinsonia and Olneya
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
1 565
Ferrocactus and Opuntia
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
1 566
Parkinsonia microphylla
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
1 567
Cerecus giganteus
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
1 568
Parkinsonia microphylla and Larraea tridentata
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
1 569
Sequoia sempervirens
Muir Woods National Monument, California. 1938
1 570
Sequoia sempervirens
Near Dyerville, California. 1938
1 571
Prosopis
Salton Desert, California. 1938
1 572
Fouquieria splendens (Ocotillo, or Coachwhip)
Borego Desert, California. 1938
1 573
Atriplex confertifolia and Sarcobatus
Utah. 1938
1 574
Rhamnus crocea and R. californica
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 575
Quercus dumosa
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 576
Ceanothus cuneatus and Adenostoma fasciculata
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 577
Quercus wislizeni and Umbellularia californica
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
1 578
Gall on Quercus dumosa
California. 1938
1 579
Arceuthobium on Pinus sabiniana
California. 1938
1 580
South African desert plant (Aizoaceae)
University of California, Berekeley, California. 1938
1 581
Abies magnifica and Tsuga mertensiana
Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
1 582
Lower timberline: Juniper zone, and Artemisia zone with Salix along stream
Utah. 1938
1 583
Opuntia
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
1 584
Scrub oak zone
South of Prescott, Arizona. 1938
1 585
Boutelousa showing effects of grazing
North of Prescott, Arizona. 1938
1 586
Phoradendron on Juniperus
North of Prescott, Arizona. 1938
1 587
Pinus edulis - Juniperus monosperma with Yucca and Bouteloua
Grand Canyon, Arizona. 1938
1 588
Sarcobatus on saline soil in background, Atriplex confertifolia on less salty soil in foreground
North of Gunnison, Utah. 1938
1 589
Edaphic climax on Juniperus on thin soil in Artemisia zone
North of Gunnison, Utah. 1938
1 590
Distichilis stricta
Near Grantville, Utah. 1938
1 591
Salicornia utahensis
Near Grantville, Utah. 1938
1 592
Salt flats with Distichilis and Allenrolfia
West of Grantville, Utah. 1938
1 593
Sharp ecotone between Ceratoides lanata and Artemisia tridentata
East of Wells, Nevada. 1938
1 594
Pseudotsuga on talus, Populus tremuloides at edge of talus, and Artemisia tridentata below
North of Hailey, Idaho. 1938
1 595
Artemisia dominanat as result of grazing; ungrazing area where Artemisia was grubbed out but is returning in small amounts (Agropyron, Koeleria, Festuca iahoensis)
Ketchum, Idaho. 1938
1 596
Artemisia and Agropyron competing successfully with each other in virgin area
South of Cambridge, Idaho. 1938
1 597
Artemisia tridentata with Agropyron spicatum, Stipa letterm, Koeleria, Hieraceum albertinum, etc.
Sawtooth National Forest, Idaho. 1938
1 598
Aspen deformed by sliding snow
North of Lowman in Boise National Forest, Idaho. 1938
1 599
Larraea glutinosa and Atriplex confertifolia
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
1 600
Lithsolic Agroyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass]
8 miles West of Colfax, Washington. 1938 April 07
1 601
Franseria dumosa
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
1 602
Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie (virgin)
Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 05
1 603
Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie (virgin)
Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 05
1 604
Edge of lava flow
East of Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1939
1 605
Sagebrush-Grass association (Artemisia tridentat, Purshia, Agropyron)
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1939
1 606
Pinus flexilis on volcanic ash, 6000 feet
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1939
1 607
Amelanchier oreophila with a little Purshia
South of Soda Springs, Idaho. 1939
1 608
Artemisia-Agropyron association
South of Midvale, Idaho. 1939 June 06
1 609
Porcupine injury to Pinus contorta in spruce-fir zone
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 610
Boulder field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 611
Young fell field (Paronychia pulverulenta, Arenaria sajanensis, Trifolium dasyphyllum, etc.)
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 612
Old fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 613
Climax alpine meadow
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 614
Students studying old fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 615
Fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 616
Close-up of fell field vegetation
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 617
Close-up of fell field vegetation
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 618
Close-up of fell field vegetation
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 619
Arenaria sajanensis in alpine fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 620
Rock surface being overrideen by alpine meadow
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 621
Squirrel cache, spruce-fir zone
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 622
Frost-pruned twigs, spruce-fir forest
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 623
Engelmann spruce and subalpine fire replacing lodgepole pine
Near Centennial, Wyoming. 1939
1 624
Trollius and Caltha leptosepala growing at edge of snowbank, spruce-fir zone
Wyoming. 1939 June 15
1 625
Abies lasiocarpa, at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 626
Abies lasiocarpa, at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 627
Abies lasiocarpa, at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 628
Pinus contorta around park dominated by Festuca ovina-Poa
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 629
Pinus contorta at 10,000 feet
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 630
Lake in spruce-fir zone, eastern slope
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 631
Timberline
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1939
1 632
Aspen, Hayden Divide
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 633
Aspen, Hayden Divide
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 634
Aspen, Hayden Divide. Aspens deformed at base by snow
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 635
Mountain park dominated by Artemisia cana-Symphoricarpos and surrounded by aspen
Hayden Divide, Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 636
Rock slide colonized by aspen which is in turn invaded by spruce-fir
Hayden Divide, Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
1 637
Carex filling in a pond
West of Silver Lake, Albany County, Wyoming. 1939
1 638
Cercocarpus montanus-Rhus trilobata
North of Fort Collins, Colorado. 1939
1 639
Quercus-Cercocarpus montanus with Pinus ponderosa in background
South of Denver, Colorado. 1939
1 640
Pinus ponderosa at lower timberline
Boulder, Colorado. 1939
1 641
Pinus flexilis at timberline on Long's Peak
Colorado. 1939
1 642
Quercus scrub
South of Castle Rock, Colorado. 1939
1 643
Juniper-pinon with prairie below
South of Walsenburg, Colorado. 1939
1 644
Pinon-juniper
Trinidad, Colorado. 1939
1 645
Pseudotsuga on north-facing slope as seen through an open stand of Pinus scopulorum of the south-facing slope
Gallinas Canyon, New Mexico. 1939
1 646
Ant hill
South of Raton, New Mexico. 1939
1 647
Pseudotsuga on north-facing slope as seen through an open stand of Pinus scopulorum of the south-facing slope
Gallinas Canyon, New Mexico. 1939
1 648
Pinus edulis-Juniperus monosperma
Near Rowe, New Mexico. 1939
1 649
Guttierezia sarothrae, Pinon-Juniper belt
East of Albuquerque, New Mexico. 1939
1 650
Bouteloua-Aristida-Agrostis-Hilaria
West of Santa Rosa, New Mexico. 1939
1 651
Cattle exclosure 27 years old. Bouteloua eriopoda, Guttierezia, Sporobolus spp., Yucca elata, Prosopis glnadulosa
Jornada Range Experimental Station, New Mexico. 1939
1 652
Bouteloua eriopoda-Sporobolus-Yucca elata, excellent range
Jornada Range Experimental Station, New Mexico. 1939
1 653
Hilaria mutica on shallow clay basins, Bouteloua eriopoda on sandy uplands
Jornada Range Experimental Station, New Mexico. 1939
1 654
Prosopis glandulosa accumulating sand
West of Las Cruces, New Mexico. 1939
1 655
Dasylerion wheeleri (sotol) with Yucca in background
West of Pecos River, Texas. 1939
1 656
Nolina (greenii?)
West of Amarillo, Texas. 1939
1 657
Bouteloua-Hilaria-Prosopis
West of Amarillo, Texas. 1939
1 658
Prosopis in grassland
Quanah, Texas. 1939
1 659
Quercus savanna
East of Henrietta, Texas. 1939
1 660
Quercus savanna
East of Henrietta, Texas. 1939
1 661
Thorn scrub dominated by Prosopis
5 miles north of Pearsall, Texas. 1939
1 662
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
1 663
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
1 664
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
1 665
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
1 666
Desert - Agave lecheguilla in foreground, Fouquieria and leguminous shrubs in background
West of Pecos River, Texas. 1939
1 667
Desert
170 kilometers north of Mexico City. 1939
1 668
Cloud forming over mountain showing zone on condensation
Northern Mexico. 1939
1 669
Desert
170 kilometers north of Mexico City. 1939
1 670
Thorn desert
North of Vallecillo, Mexico. 1939
1 671
Thorn desert
6.7 miles north of Villa Gran, Mexico. 1939
1 672
Strangling fig
North of Lemon, Mexico. 1939
1 673
Strangling fig
North of Lemon, Mexico. 1939
1 674
Pine forest
East of Mexico City. 1939
1 675
Pine forest
East of Mexico City. 1939
1 676
Desert
West of Tehuacan, Mexico. 1939
1 677
Epiphytes and lianas in rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 678
Butressed tree in rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 679
Epiphytic Piperaceae, rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 680
Rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 681
Epiphytes in rainforest
North of Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 682
Epiphylls on Coffea arabica
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 683
Pine-oad forest
South of Ciudad Bravos, Mexico. 1939
1 684
Thorn forest (altitude 3,000 feet)
South of Ciudad Bravos, Mexico. 1939
1 685
Thorn forest (altitude 3,000 feet)
South of Ciudad Bravos, Mexico. 1939
1 686
Epiphytes in rainforest
Near Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 687
Loranthaceae, rainforest
Near Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 688
Exterior of rainforest
North of Limon, Mexico. 1939
1 689
Strangling fig
South of Valles, Mexico. 1939
1 690
Cultivation in rainforest
South of Valles, Mexico. 1939
1 691
Vanilla (cultivation)
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
1 692
Quercus-Arctostaphylos scrub
Bisbee, Arizona. 1939
1 693
Cereus gigantea-Parkinsonia microphylla
Tucson, Arizona. 1939
1 694
Cattle exclosure 23 years old - Tricachyne californica, Eriogonum wrightii, Aristida divaricata and a little Bouteloua filiformis and B. eriopoda. (B. filiformis on moderately grazed pasture outside fence)
Santa Rita Range Experimental Station, Arizona. 1939
1 695
Durigg 21 years of protection, Bouteloua eriopoda and B. rockrothii changed to Calistramia grandiflora with a little Bouteloua
Santa Rita Range Experimental Station, Arizona. 1939
1 696
Desert
Near Florence Junction, Arizona. 1939
1 697
Desert
Near Florence Junction, Arizona. 1939
1 698
Idria columnaris
Botanical Gardens, Superior, Arizona. 1939
1 699
Artemisia, Quercus, Pinon-Juniper zones
Mesa Verde, Colorado. 1939
1 700
Lower timberline with Pinon-Juniper on ridges and sagebrush on flats
Mesa Verde, Colorado. 1939
1 701
Lower timberline with Pinon-Juniper on ridges and sagebrush on flats
Mesa Verde, Colorado. 1939
1 702
Sagebrush burn 1 month old, eroding by wind
Dubois, Idaho. 1939
1 703
Sagebrush burn after 3 years with Agropyron dasystachyum and Calamagrostis purpurascens regenerated. Unburned sagebrush in background
Dubois, Idaho. 1939
1 704
Uneven grazing in a uniformly planted pasture of Agropyron cristatum
Dubois, Idaho. 1939
1 705
Edge of burn in overgrazed prairie, north slope of Clearwater Canyon
Near Lewiston, Idaho. 1939 April 30
1 706
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie, north slope
Pullman, Washington. 1939 May 07
1 707
Overgrazed floodplain
East of Pullman, Washington. 1939
1 708
Alluvial sediments overlain by a layer of loess
East of Hooper, Washington. 1939
1 709
Prairie (virgin), Helianthella [Helianthella] and Castilleja [Indian paintbrush] in flower
Near Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 01
1 710
Prairie (virgin), Helianthella [Helianthella] and Castilleja [Indian paintbrush] in flower
Near Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 01
1 711
Prairie soil profile
Garfield County, Washington. 1939
1 712
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association. Elevation 450 feet - Poa secunda, Antennaria dimorpha, Phlox, Bromus tectorum, Loamtium
East of Wallula, Washington. 1939
1 713
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association. Elevation 450 feet - Poa secunda, Antennaria dimorpha, Phlox, Bromus tectorum, Loamtium
East of Wallula, Washington. 1939
1 714
Oryzopsis hymenoides on dune sand
West of Neppel, Washington. 1939
1 715
Artemisia-tripartita-Agropyron [threetip sagebrush-bunchgrass], 50 year old exclosure
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
1 716
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
North of Dodge, Washington. 1939 May 26
1 717
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
North of Dodge, Washington. 1939 May 26
1 718
Replicate of #600 (Lithsolic Agroyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass]) taken 2 years later
8 miles West of Colfax, Washington. 1939 May 21
1 719
Limber pine-juniper on hogback
South of Dillon, Montana. 1939
1 720
Scablands in foreground with loessal hills in background
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
1 721
Epiphytic bromeliad, subtropical rainforest
Near Valles, Mexico. 1939
1 722
Buchloe dactyloides
Near Amarillo, Texas. 1939
1 723
Rock surface succession
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1939
1 724
Rock surface succession
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1939
1 725
Cemetery; virgin condition, good soil: Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush], Festuca idahoensis [Idaho fescue], and Agropyron spicatum [bunchgrass] dominate
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
1 726
Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush]. One specimen showing sprouting after top was burned to ground, other never burned
Near Lamont, Washington. 1939
1 727
Effect of grazing on Chrysothamnus-Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda association
East of Heppner, Oregon. 1939
1 728
Effect of grazing on Artemisia-Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda association
Between Heppner and Pilot Rock, Oregon. 1939
1 729
Artemisia-Agropyron association
North central Oregon. 1939
1 730
Artemisia-Agropyron association
North central Oregon. 1939
1 731
Aspen groves with limber pine on buttes
North-northWest of Kiowa, Montana. 1939
1 732
Aspen-balsam poplar groves
North of Wetaskiwin, Alberta. 1939
1 733
Eriogonum invading, followed by Festuca idahoensis prairie of south-facing bald, spruce-fir zone
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 734
Menziesia ferruginea-Xerophyllum assocation. Xerophyllum at foot of stake, enziesia all around, young Abies at left, north facing slope
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 735
Abies invading Menziesia-Xerophyllum patches
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 736
Aquilegia and Cryptogramma achrostichoides in crevice where moss has pioneered
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 737
Menziesia ferruginea invading mosses
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 738
Pseudotsgua following Pinus contorta
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 739
Bald on south slope, spruce-fir zone
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 740
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 01
1 741
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
Franklin County, Palouse Falls, Washington. 1939 June 10
1 742
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
Franklin County, Palouse Falls, Washington. 1939 June 10
1 743
Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush] - festuca [fescue] association just after all herbs had been clipped off a cemetery plot
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
1 744
Artemisia-grass [sagebrush-grass] assocation. Dominants: Artemisia partita, Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa columbiana, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Lupinus sericeus, Hieraceum albertinum, Lithospermum ruderale, etc.
8.3 miles east-northeast of Davenport, Washington. 1939
1 745
Artemisia-grass [sagebrush-grass] assocation. Dominants: Artemisia partita, Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa columbiana, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Lupinus sericeus, Hieraceum albertinum, Lithospermum ruderale, etc.
8.3 miles east-northeast of Davenport, Washington. 1939
1 746
Juniperus occidentalis savanna with Agropyron spicatum
North central Oregon. 1939
1 747
Poa secunda-Plantago purshii [Sandberg bluegrass-woolly plantain] association of overgrazed Agropyron [bunchgrass] range
Palouse Falls, Washington. 1939 June 10
1 748
Thuja-Tsuga forest (Roosevelt Grove)
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 749
Artemisia tridentata around talus
Near Prosser, Washington. 1939
1 750
Artemisia-grass [sagebrush-grass] assocation. Dominants: Artemisia partita, Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa columbiana, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Lupinus sericeus, Hieraceum albertinum, Lithospermum ruderale, etc.
8.3 miles east-northeast of Davenport, Washington. 1939
1 751
Thuja plicata [western red cedar] foliage
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1939
1 752
Xerophyllum tenax, spruce-fir zone
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 753
Sunscald on west side of Pinus monticola - Thuja-Tsuga zone
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 754
Larix occidentalis invading a burn in Thuja-Tsuga zone
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 755
Podsol layer (approximately 1 cm thick) in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 756
Podsol layer (approximately 1 cm thick) in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
1 757
Dryas octopetala
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940
1 758
Salix petrophylla
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940
1 759
Limber pine, aspen groves and prairie along Cutbank Creek east edge
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940
1 760
Virgin prairie (Stipa spartea-Koeleria-Agropyron smithii-Festuca scabrella-Bouteloua-Carex eleocharis)
Near Manhattan, Montana. 1940
1 761
Aspen invading grassland (Koeleria cristata, Stipa spartea curtiseta, Galium boreale, Astragalus, Erigeron, Campanula rotundifolia, Dolidago, Potentilla)
South of Lacombe, Alberta. 1940
1 762
Aspen invading grassland (Koeleria cristata, Stipa spartea curtiseta, Galium boreale, Astragalus, Erigeron, Campanula rotundifolia, Dolidago, Potentilla)
South of Lacombe, Alberta. 1940
1 763
Aspen groves in prairie
Near Morley, Alberta. 1940
1 764
Picea canadensis with aspen and balsam poplar
South of Ponoka, Alberta. 1940
1 765
Picea canadensis with aspen and balsam poplar
South of Ponoka, Alberta. 1940
1 766
Damage to aspen by big game
Banff National Park, Alberta. 1940
1 767
Soil profile in Stipa curtiseta prairie
South of Crossfield, Alberta. 1940
1 768
Soil profile in Stipa curtiseta prairie
South of Crossfield, Alberta. 1940
1 769
Koeleria-Stipa spartea curtiseta prairie with Eleagnus in distance
South of Didsbury, Alberta. 1940
1 770
Valeriana sitchensis emerging thru snowbank
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940 July 11
1 771
Sugar maple-beech-hemlock-(yellow birch) forest (excellent old climax!) at 1700 feet
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
1 772
Sugar maple-beech-hemlock-(yellow birch) forest (excellent old climax!) at 1700 feet, but shows only hemlock
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
1 773
Podsol profile in sandy soil under scotch pine and Vaccinium, a horizon 3 inches thick
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
1 774
Podsol profile in sandy soil under scotch pine and Vaccinium, a horizon 3 inches thick
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
1 775
Windthrow in red spruce-balsam fir-paper birch forest
West slope of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. 1941
1 776
Windthrow in red spruce-balsam fir-paper birch forest
West slope of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. 1941
1 777
Paper birch and white pine on old field
East of Concord, New Hampshire. 1941
1 778
White pine with deciduous understory
Rochester, New Hampshire. 1941
1 779
Picea mariana, 4800 feet on Mount Katahdin, showing prostrate form and dead plants; age of tree at base of stake
Maine. 1941
1 780
Climax Picea mariana-Abies balsamea forest
West slope of Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 781
Podsol profile in black spruce-balsam fir-paper birch forest
West of Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 782
Giant Betula papyrifera
South of Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 783
Zonation between tide levels
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 784
Fucus around tidal pool, Cladophora-Entoromorpha in the permanent pool
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 785
Picea rubra (P. canadensis?)-Abies balsamea
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 786
Picea rubra (P. canadensis?)-Abies balsamea
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 787
Elfinwood of Betula pendula (?) - Sorbus-Abies balsamea
Cadillac Mountain, Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 788
Succession on bare rock: a. Potentilla tridentata, b. Kalmia angustifolia, c. Vaccinium pennsylvanicum-Aronia arbutifolium, d. Alnus crispa
Cadillac Mountain, Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 789
Succession leading to Abies balsamea-Thuja occidentalis-Betula alba
Cadillac Mountain, Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 790
Thuja occidentalis growing in rock crevices
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
1 791
Yellow birch-hemlock-beech
10 miles south of Bangor, Maine. 1941
1 792
Muskeg (Picea mariana-Chamaedaphne calyculata-Sphagnum)
North of Millinocket, Maine. 1941
1 793
Beech-yellow birch-hemlock (left to right)
Between East Holden and Holden Center, Maine. 1941
1 794
Monotropa uniflora in beech-maple-birch-hemlock forest
Bangor, Maine. 1941
1 795
Bog ericads: Andromeda glaucophylla, Ledum groenlandicum, Vaccinium pennsylvanicum, Kalmia angustifolia, Chamaedaphne calyculata, Gaultheria procumbens, Oxycoccus oxycoccus
Near Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 796
Mount Katahdin observed from the southwest
Maine. 1941
1 797
Wind-crippled Abies balsamea-Picea mariana and Betula sp.; 3550 feet
West-southWest of Baxter Peak, Maine. 1941
1 798
Glacial lakes looking southwest from Mount Katahdin
Maine. 1941
1 799
Winterkiling of Picea mariana (left) and Abies balsamea (right) on southwest exposure on Mount Katahdin, at 3550 feet
Maine. 1941
1 800
Southwest tip of tableland - 4500 feet - view of highest point showing timberline on south-southwest exposure at abouth 3800 feet
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 801
Alpine tundra (4500 feet): Ericads (Ledum, Vaccinium, Arctostaphylos) and lichens dominate here, some Potentilla tridentata, Carex, Juncus
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 802
Summit of an Abies balsamea about half a meter tall - 4500 feet; tableland (see diagram of parts winterkilled)
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 803
Table land, the highest point in background is about 5000 feet
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 804
Tundra with Potentilla tridentata, Juncus at 5100 feet
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
1 805
Grazed woodlot
East of Bloomington, Indiana. 1941
1 806
Grazed woodlot
Near Indianapolis, Indiana. 1941
1 807
Juglans nigra
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
1 808
Sugar maple-beech climax
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
1 809
Sugar maple-beech climax
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
1 810
Sugar maple-beech climax
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
1 811
Eroded slope with Juniperus virginiana on Mill Creek
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
1 812
Sassafras and Juniperus virginiana invading an abandoned field, (together with Rubus, Solidago, Fragaria, Achillea, etc.)
Park County, Indiana. 1941
1 813
Non-recording dendrograph
1941
1 814
Recording dendrograph
1941
1 815
Snow-deformed Abies lasiocarpa
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1941
1 816
Mountain sheep salt lick in mountain park (Sisymbrium longipedicellatum, Cirsium, Poa secunda surrounding bare area, then Agropyron spicatum and Artemisia tripartita edaphic climax)
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 817
Mountain park on south slope of Stoddard Creek drainage
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 818
Cercocarpus ledifolius with Agropyron spicatum and Artemisia tridentata
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 819
Cercocarpus ledifolius with Agropyron spicatum and Artemisia tridentata
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 820
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum-Festuca idahoensis-Poa secunda-Balsamorhiza sagittata-Lupinus
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 821
Virgin Pseudotsuga forest with Calamagrostis rubescens, Arnica cordifolia and Balsamorhiza sagittata
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 822
Virgin ponderosa pine forest with Agropyron spicatum, Poa secunda, Balsamorhiza sagittata, and Festuca idahoensis
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 823
Mountain mahogany and ponderosa pine zones
East of Shoup, Idaho. 1941
1 824
Virgin prairie (Festucetum - Festuca idahoensis-symphoricarpos)
Nez Perce County, Idaho. 1941 June 13
1 825
Virgin prairie (Festucetum - Festuca idahoensis-symphoricarpos)
Nez Perce County, Idaho. 1941 June 13
1 826
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa
5 miles north of Payette Lakes, Idaho. 1941
1 827
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa
5 miles north of Payette Lakes, Idaho. 1941
1 828
Artemisia tridentata and wet meadow communities in mountain park
North of Cascade, Idaho. 1941
1 829
Ponderosa pine-Agropyron spicatum-Festuca idahoensis, lightly burned
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 830
Ponderosa pine-Agropyron spicatum-Festuca idahoensis, lightly burned
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 831
Virgin Pseudotsuga forest
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 832
Mountain park surrounded by ponderosa pine (Festuca idahoensis-Agropyron spicatum-Balsamorhiza-Lupinus, etc.)
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
1 833
Virgin prairie (Agropyronetum)
Nez Perce County, Idaho. 1941
1 834
Pinus echinata invading an abandoned field covered with Andropogon virginicus
East of Lancaster, South Carolina. 1941
1 835
Pinus echinata invading an abandoned field covered with Andropogon virginicus with Pinus palustris
East of Lancaster, South Carolina. 1941
1 836
Andropogon virginicus on abandoned sandy field
East of Lancaster, South Carolina. 1941
1 837
Differential effects of burning on oak and Pinus palustris
East of McBee, South Carolina. 1941
1 838
Abandoned field
East of Florence, South Carolina. 1941
1 839
Taxodium knees
Lake Waccama, North Carolina. 1941
1 840
Nyssa-Taxodium
Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
1 841
Edge of cypress-gum swamp
North of Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
1 842
Sarracenia purpurea leaf
North of Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
1 843
Dionaea muscipula
North of Wallace, North Carolina. 1941
1 844
Dionaea muscipula
North of Wallace, North Carolina. 1941
1 845
Dionaea muscipula
North of Wallace, North Carolina. 1941
1 846
Drosera rotundifolia
North of Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
1 847
Bur oak and ponderosa pine
West of Sundance, Wyoming. 1941
1 848
Mountain park in ponderosa pine zone
10 miles south of Deerfield, South Dakota. 1941
1 849
Buffalo in grassland
Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. 1941
1 850
Islands of Symphoricarpos in Stipa-Agropyron smithii-Bouteloua-Carex prairie
East of Blaisdell, North Dakota. 1941
1 851
Prairie: Stipa-Koeleria-Agropyron smithii-Bouteloua-Carez
East of Rigby, North Dakota. 1941
1 852
Calamovilfa longifolia-Sporobolus cryptandrus prairie in sandhills
West of Ainsworth, Nebraska. 1941
1 853
Rangelands 10 years after abandonment as farm land showing eriosion scars
North of Chadron, Nebraska. 1941
1 854
Prairie soil profile
Near Kalispel, Montana. 1941
1 855
Elfinwood (poplar, aspen, and willow)
Near Cutbank, Montana. 1941
1 856
Artemisia cana on river terrace, Populus along creek, Stipa-Bouteloua-Koeleria-Carex on uplands
West of Galsgow, Montana. 1941
1 857
Aspen groves
East of Crookston, Minnesota. 1941
1 858
Aspen groves
East of Crookston, Minnesota. 1941
1 859
Spruce and fir replacing red pine
Itasca Park, Minnesota. 1941
1 860
Pinus banksiana-Quercus borealis on sand plain
Between Sparta and Tomah, Wisconsin. 1941
1 861
Pinus banksiana-Quercus borealis on sand plain
Between Sparta and Tomah, Wisconsin. 1941
1 862
Ericaceous scrub communities on ridges running southwest (4700 feet), spruce zone
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
1 863
Andrews bald (5850 feet) on southwest exposure of a ridge extending south; Abies and Picea rare, Rubus and Vaccinium abundant
1941
1 864
Picea-Abies forest (5500 feet) near Indian Gap
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
1 865
Ramsey Prong, showing Rhododendron maximum and Tsuga
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
1 866
Prunus serotina
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
1 867
Liriodendron
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
1 868
Blight-killed chestnut in oak forest
Blueridge Mountains, Virginia. 1941
1 869
Blight-killed chestnut in oak forest
Blueridge Mountains, Virginia. 1941
1 870
Pinus rigida-echinata with oak coppice
Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
1 871
Pinus rigida-Quercus
East of Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
1 872
Pinus rigida sprouting the first season after a winter burn
East of Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
1 873
Pinus rigida and Quercus marylandica sprouting in midummer following a winter burn
East of Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
1 874
Old field colonized by Pinus strobus, Betula papyrifera and Populus tremuloides
Massachusetts. 1941
1 875
Physocarpus and other shrubs killed by overgrazing by sheep, in Pinus ponderosa-Pseudotsuga [Ponderosa pine-Douglas Fir] forest
Latah County, Idaho. 1942
1 876
Physocarpus and other shrubs killed by overgrazing by sheep, in Pinus ponderosa-Pseudotsuga [Ponderosa pine-Douglas Fir] forest
Latah County, Idaho. 1942
1 877
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association (climatic climax)
Prosser, Washington. 1942
1 878
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association (climatic climax)
Prosser, Washington. 1942
1 879
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spciatum association (climatic climax)
Prosser, Washington. 1942
1 880
Artemisia-Agropyron association
John Day River Valley, Oregon. 1942
1 881
Burned Artemisia-Agropyron association showing dead Artemisia
Prosser, Washington. 1942
1 882
Mounds of volcanic ash (with Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron) separated by erosional scabland surface (with Artemisia rigida)
South of Bickleton, Washington. 1942
1 883
Quercus garryana in shallow draw in Agropyron-Poa zone
South of Toppenish, Washington. 1942
1 884
Ponderosa pine confined to draws at lower timberline
Hardman, Oregon. 1942
1 885
Abandoned field with Chrysothamnus nauseosus and Bromus tectorum beside near-virgin Agropyron-Poa assocation with scattered Chrysothamnus
Pilot Rock, Oregon. 1942
1 886
Wind-lodged wheat
Walla Walla, Washington. 1942
1 887
Virgin Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie with Balsamorhiza [balsamroot], Helianthella [Helianthella], etc.
Whitman County, Washington. 1942
1 888
Apple tree decorticated by Microtus [prairie vole]
Moscow, Idaho. 1942
1 889
Pinus monticola reproduction under relic white pines following light burning of cut-over area
North of Pierce, Idaho. 1942
1 890
Gravel freshly piled by gold dredge
Near Elk City, Idaho. 1942
1 891
Gravel freshly piled by gold dredge, farther away from dredge, showing plant colonization
Near Elk City, Idaho. 1942
1 892
Abies lasiocarpa along upper edge of grassland
Mount Spokane, Washington. 1942
1 893
Lodgepole pine - dense stand
Near Sandpoint, Idaho. 1942
1 894
Incorrect type of exclosure
Near Headquarters, Idaho. 1942
1 895
Phlox rigida association, with Hieraceum albertinum, Festuca viridula and one Senecio integerrimus in flower
North of Baldy Mountain, Washington. 1943 June 25
1 896
Xerophyllum association, in fower in foreground about 75 cm tall
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 July 13
1 897
Bald on Lookingglass Ridge showing alternation of grass-dominated and Xerophyllum-dominated prairie is not realted to tree distribution. Pseudotsuga and P. albicaulis are principal trees with some Abies in upper left
Lookingglass Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 898
Dense stand of grasses with Carex geyeri, Achillea, Eriogonum, Hieraceum, etc. showing no effect of grazing or rodent disturbance. Turf continuous, erosion nil
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 899
Degeneration of grassland under grazing. Note broken turf, erosion from lower sides of bunches and deposition on upper, sheep droppings. Agropyron, Senecio, Lupinus are chief plants.
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 900
Further degeneration of above [#899] on same date. Topsoil gone. Lupinus, Achillea, Valeriana, Erigeron salsuginosus
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 901
Erosion undercutting grass bunch
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 902
Snowbank about 20 feet deep along north side. Note crevasses and bent trees indicating movement
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 903
Snow-stunted Abies lasiocarpa and P. albicaulis just to lee, snow 6 feet deep here
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
1 904
Snow patch vegetation dominated by Carex spp., with adjacent dwarfed conifers
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 September 13
1 905
Climax forest of Picea engelmannii and Abies lasiocarpa (both silhouetted) with undergrowth predominately Menziesia ferruginea. North Ridge Road.
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1943
1 906
Near-climax Picea engelmannii [Engelmann spruce] forest (one Douglas fir in view)
Moscow Mountain, Moscow, Idaho. 1943 October 01
1 907
Climax Thuja-Tsuga forest
Canyon Creek Natural Area, Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1943
1 908
Pinus monticola in Abies lasiocarpa-Tsuga heterophylla climax
Tarlac Creek Drainage, Bonner County, Idaho. 1943
1 909
Pseudotsuga climax forest
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1943
1 910
Pseudotsuga climax forest, near C plot #6
Latah County, Idaho. 1943 September 26
1 911
Soil profile freshly exposed, in Fescue-symphoricarpus [Fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1943
1 912
Forest invading bottom on circque
North side of Mount Roothaan, Boundary County, Idaho. 1943
1 913
Abies lasiocarpa injured by persistent snow. Tree straight at base 179 years, one bent at base 171 years. First from forest, second from snow dwarfed Abies scrub
Horton Ridge Lookout, Idaho. 1944
1 914
Abies lasiocarpa: 2 specimens 2-3 meters tall removed from forest showing replacement of dead terminal by laterals
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 915
Abies lasiocarpa: 3.9 meters tall, removed from forest, showing final recovery after repeated severe damge. However, heart is rotten, infeciton presumably entering thru former injury
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 916
Snowpatch area, 6400 feet, north slope
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944 July 03
1 917
Climax spruce-fir stand, south slope, 6000 feet. Undergrowth: Vaccinium mem., Xerophyllum, Luzula glabrata with a little Rhododendron
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 918
Abies lasiocarpa-Picea engelmannii cimax on north slope. Undergrowth: Menziesia, Rhododendron, etc.
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 919
Lake in spruce-fir zone being filled in with moss and sedge peat
Southeast of Mount Roothaan, Idaho. 1944
1 920
Inlet to lake (#919), water level about 2 dm lower than in spring - and Sanguidsorba occidentalis next mosses
Southeast of Mount Roothaan, Idaho. 1944 August 31
1 921
Brown felt fungus on small Abies lasiocarpa taken where snow persists late
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 922
Frost cracks on Pinus albicaulis about 50 cm in diameter; cracks very from 28-36 cm in length
Horton Ridge, Boundary County, east of Nordman, Idaho. 1944
1 923
Frost crack about 8 mm wide in decorticated spruce, showing lips; spruce-fir zone
Horton Ridge, Idaho. 1944
1 924
Old burn on south slope. Vaccinium mem., Xerophyllum with Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus albicaulis
Horton Ridge, Idaho. 1944
1 925
Polytrichum invading granite, followed by Vaccinium membran. and Carex rossii; spruce-fir zone: 6300 feet
Mount Roothaan, Idaho. 1944
1 926
Seral forest in arborvitae-hemlock forest just after severe crown fire
West of East Dennis Butte, Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1944
1 927
Seral forest in arborvitae-hemlock forest just after severe crown fire
West of East Dennis Butte, Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1944
1 928
Pinus monticola in arborvitae-hemlock zone
Southern Boundary County, Idaho. 1944
1 929
Larix occidentalis reproduction on logged and burned area
Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 930
Nymphaea-Brassenia zone above, Carex zone in foreground with Nymphaea relic
Hager Lake, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 931
Near-virgin arm of Gleason Meadows
Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 932
Effect of landslide recurring at each spring thaw on trees. Some Larix and Thuja dead.
Torelle Falls, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 933
Lonicera ciliosa of Amerlanchier florida
Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
1 934
Sapsucker damage to Thuja
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1944
1 935
Open Douglas fir zone on south slope, dense arborvitae-hemlock vegetation on north slope
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1944
1 936
Douglas fir replacing Pinus ponderosa
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1944
1 937
Root system of Coralorhiza maculata, excavated in April
Idaho. 1944 April 01
1 938
Lonicera ciliosa entwined about Amelanchier florida
Idaho. 1944
1 939
Root system of Populus trichocarpa showing vertical roots ending at a level corresponding to average height of stream
East of Viola, Idaho. 1944
1 940
Abies lasiocarpa and Picea engelmannii replacing Pinus contorta on ridge
East of Red River Ranger Station, Idaho County, Idaho. 1944
1 941
Climax stand of Abies grandis with a small amount of Pseudotsuga
Meadow Creek, Idaho County, Idaho. 1944
1 942
Burned over Thuja forest (11 years after 1934 fire). Now dominated b Salix-Ceanothus veluntinus thicket about 4 meters tall
North of Van Camp Lookout, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
1 943
Same burned area as #942 showing Salix-Acer thicket being replaced by Pseudotsuga
East of Frenchman Butte, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
1 944
Same burned area as #942 showing Pseudotsuga following Salix
Walde Junction, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
1 945
Old climax stand of Thuja containing a little Abies grandis
East of Walde Lookout, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
1 946
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa with undergrowth containing Pachystima, Coptis, etc.
Frenchman Butte, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
1 947
Sedge meadow in Spruce-fir zone. Meadow dominated by Calamagrostis and Carex 45161, 45162 with some Dodecatheon jeffreyi; Ledum and Pinus monticola conspicuous around edge
Canyon Creek, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
1 948
Bald on Grandmother Mountain looking west
East of Clarkia, Idaho. 1945
1 949
Edge of burn in Pinus ponderosa forest that killed Purshia
4 miles south of Fruitland, Stevens County, Washington. 1946 July 02
1 950
Pinus ponderosa climax with Festuca idahoensis dominant underneath
2 miles north of Spangle, Washington. 1946
1 951
Rhus glabra on thin soil of outcrop, other shrubs around talus above, wheatgrass-bluegrass zone
West of Julietta, Idaho. 1946
1 952
Wind-lodged wheat
Cul de Sac, Idaho. 1946 June 19
1 953
Newly deposited silt on floodplain under Crataegus douglasii [black hawthorn]
Paradise Creek, east of Pullman, Washington. 1946
1 954
Artemisia tridentata confined to rocky soil at edge of its range, probably ponderosa pine zone
11 miles south of Kettle Falls, Washington, on Columbia River. 1946
1 955
Rodent and worm burrows (the latter about 1 cm in diameter, and filled with roots) in soil that has long been under cultivation. Stake is inserted 1 meter below soil surface
West of Pullman, Washington. 1947
1 956
Rodent and worm burrows (the latter about 1 cm in diameter, and filled with roots) in soil that has long been under cultivation. Stake is inserted 1 meter below soil surface
West of Pullman, Washington. 1947
1 957
Typical undergrowth under Picea engelmanni-Abies lasiocarpa forest that is dominated by Vaccinium scoparium
Near Columbia Ridge Lookout, south of Orogrande, Idaho. 1947 August 24
1 958
Invasion of river gravels that have recently been worked over by gold dredge
Near Elk City, Idaho. 1947
1 959
Taxodium knees - specimens at University of Minnesota - Missing
University of Minnesota. circa 1947-1948
1 960
Capsules of Yucca glauca after Pronuba larvae have emerged - Missing
Colorado. circa 1947-1948
1 961
Corallorhiza - Missing
Idaho. circa 1947-1948
1 962
Floating fruits of Nymphaea polysepalum - Missing
Colorado. circa 1947-1948
1 963
Drosera rotendifolia - Missing
Minnesota. circa 1947-1948
1 964
Kalmia latifolia - Missing
Tennessee. circa 1947-1948
1 965
Psychotria bacteriophylla - Missing
Butler University, Indiana. circa 1947-1948
1 966
Pinguicula vulgaris - Missing
Minnesota. circa 1947-1948
1 967
Arceuthobium on Pinus ponderosa - Missing
Colorado. circa 1947-1948
1 968
Festuca idahoensis-Agropyron [Idaho fescue-bunchgrass] association with scattered Symphoricarpos-Rosa-Prunus [snowberry-rose-slender cinquefoil] thickets
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1948 July 03
1 969
Palouse prairie. Camera pointed due west. Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] on north slope, Agropyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] on south slope
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1948 July 03
1 970
Palouse prairie. Camera pointed due west. Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] on north slope, Agropyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] on south slope
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1948 July 03
1 971
Festuca idahoensis dominating undergrowth in climax Pinus ponderosa stand
North of Spangle, Washington. 1948
1 972
Climax Pinus ponderosa stand with undergrowth dominated by Symphoricaros, Rosa, and Spiraea
Valley Ford, Washington. 1948 July 08
1 973a
Avalanche track through spruce-fir zone
Skalkaho Pass (west side) in Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 973b
Avalanche track through spruce-fir zone
Skalkaho Pass (west side) in Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 974
Xerophyllum tenax union in spruce-fir forest
West of Skalkaho Pass, Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948 July 12
1 975
Vaccinium scoparium union with Calamagrostis rubescens as principle herb, under spruce-fir forest
East of Skalkaho Pass, Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 976
Sharp ecotone with Agropyron spicatum prairie on south slope and Pseudotsuga on north slope
West of Georgetown Lake, Montana. 1948
1 977
Morainic topography in valley
Between Anaconda and Lake George, Montana. 1948
1 978
Stipa comata-Bouteloua gracilis in silhouette
10 miles southeast of Pipestone Pass, Montana. circa 1948
1 979
Juniperus-Pinus flexilis
6 miles east of Sheridan, Montana. 1948
1 980
Cercocarpus ledifolius
6 miles east of Sheridan, Montana. 1948
1 981
Interfingering of forest and grassland
North of Alder, Montana. 1948
1 982
Pothole in moraine. Pseudotsuga, Picea engelmannii, Populus tremuloides
North of Black Butte, Gravelly Range, Montana. 1948
1 983
Vigilante Experimental Range in Gravelly Range looking northeast from 7500 feet sagebrush-grass above and below patches of Pseudotsuga and aspen, with some spruce-fir on north slopes
Montana. 1948
1 984
Juniperus-Pinus flexilis above with Cercocarpus ledifolius-Rhus trilobata below on side of valley
7 miles east of Norris, Montana. 1948
1 985
Wind erosion on west side of ridgetops; moraines. Agropyron smithii-Stipa comata type of grassland with some Juniperus horizontalis
East of Roscoe, Montana. 1948
1 986
Wind erosion on west side of ridgetops; moraines. Agropyron smithii-Stipa comata type of grassland with some Juniperus horizontalis
East of Roscoe, Montana. 1948
1 987
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum stand where road going north from Cooke City, Wyoming first crosses Lake Creek, Montana. Festuca idahoensis second most important grass, see list in notes.
Lake Creek, Montana. 1948
1 988
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum stand where road going north from Cooke City, Wyoming first crosses Lake Creek, Montana. Festuca idahoensis second most important grass, see list in notes.
Lake Creek, Montana. 1948
1 989
Rock surface succession on granitic roches moutonees. (1) Selaginella, Bryum, crustose lichen, (2) Danthonia intermedia, Festuca, Agrostis, Senecio, Antennaria
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 990
Rock surface succession on granitic roches moutonees. (1) Selaginella, Bryum, crustose lichen, (2) Danthonia intermedia, Festuca, Agrostis, Senecio, Antennaria, (3) Festuca idahoensis, (4) Sagebrush grass, (5?) Spruce-fir
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 991
Climax alpine meadow above Island Lake; dominated by Carex and grasses with scattered Polygonum bistortoides and other forbs
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 992
"Ice action"? at edge of alpine pond; Carex and Salix predominate
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 993
Picea and Pinus flexilis at timberline above Long Lake
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 994
Upper timberline north of the summit (timberline 10,600 feet)
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 995
Alpine vegetation, general view north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 996
Alpine fell-field north of summit: Silene acaulis, Trisetum spicatum, Sieversia turbinata, Selaginella
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 997
Salix growing in wet phase of alpine zone north of summit. Caltha leptosepala abundant
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 998
Alpine fell-field with Dryas Silene acaulis and Trifolium, 8.4 miles north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
1 999
Wind-pruned Pinus flexilis and Picea engelmannii 8 miles north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1000
Wind-pruned Picea with dead stub projecting, 8 miles north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1001
Mountain park on south slope of ridge just east of Big Timber Peak and just south of dude ranch in Big Timber Canyon. Park continuous with grassland of basal plain; dominated by Festuca idahoensis-Artemisia tridentata; Pseudotsuga along summit of ridge an
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1002
Big Timber Peak viewed from east showing upper timberline
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1003
Treeless valley bottom in ravine extending east from Big Timber Peak. Drummholz along margin, snow patches persist late, some truly alpine spp.
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1004
Pinus flexilis at 8,200 feet on Big Timber Peak
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1005
Bouteloua gracilis dominant on overgrazed range
Harlowton, Montana. 1948
2 1006
Atols of Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus albicaulis at 8,000 feet
King's Hill, Montana. 1948
2 1007
Profile of soil and vegetation in Festuca oveira-idahoensis-dominated alpine meadow, 8030 feet
King's Hill, Montana. 1948
2 1008
Climax alpine meadow at 8030 feet. Festuca (ovina?) most important, Danthonia intermedia second, Luzula spicata, third, Deschampsia atropurpurea fourth, with Pea, Geum triflorum cliliatum, Achillea, Polygonum bistortoides, Pentstemon (procerus?), Erigeron
King's Hill, Montana. 1948
2 1009
Gradual transition from Pinus albicaulis forest to alpine tundra
Between King's Hill and Big Baldy, Montana. 1948
2 1010
Hail damage to Salix
Stanford, Montana. 1948 July 25
2 1011
Looking southeast; Prunus virginiana and Populus tremulides at lower timberline, Pseudotsgua, probably Picea-Abies near summit
Highwood Mountains, Montana. 1948
2 1012
Pseudotsgua and Pinus flexilis on snowslide area along Josephine Lake
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1948
2 1013
Pinus flexilis, wind-deformed trees at lower timberline just below Gibson Dam
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
2 1014
Pinus flexilis, wind-deformed trees at lower timberline just below Gibson Dam
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
2 1015
Pinus flexilis, wind-deformed trees at lower timberline just below Gibson Dam - Missing
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
2 1016
Forest vegetation, Pinus flexilis to spruce-fir zone, looking south across the Sun River
below Gibson Dam, Montana. 1948
2 1017
Pinus flexilis (Juniperus scopulorum rare) stand on moraine at junction of north and south forks of Teton River
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
2 1018
Pinus flexilis (Juniperus scopulorum rare) stand on moraine at junction of north and south forks of Teton River
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
2 1019
Edge of aspen groveland as seen from a point south of Duck Lake looking westnorthwest toward Chief Mountain. Isolated trees are Abies lasiocarpa, Pseudotsuga and Pinus contorta. Dominant grasses: Festuca scabrella, Danthoni, Festuca idahoensis, Koeleria,
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1948
2 1020
Soil-vegetation profile. Dominant grasses: Danthonia parryi, Agropyron dasystachyum, A. trachycaulon
6.5 miles north of Babb, Montana. 1948
2 1021
Soil-vegetation profile. Dominant grasses: Danthonia parryi, Agropyron dasystachyum, A. trachycaulon
6.5 miles north of Babb, Montana. 1948
2 1022
Grassland opening in aspen grove land. Vegetation typical of aspen belt
Southeast of Lower Saint Maries Lake, Montana. 1948 August 02
2 1023
Landslide prevented and succession promoted by log lattice. Trifolium, Larix, and Salix invading
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1948 August 01
2 1024
Dense stand of yound Pinus contorta and Pseudotsuga 19 years old beneath relic Larix
North fork of Flathead River south of mouth of Canyon Creek, Montana. 1948
2 1025
Dense stand of Pinus contorta 20 years old
North Fork of Flathead River, Montana. 1948
2 1026
Pinus ponderosa climax with Purshia and Bromus tectorum undergrowth
4 miles northWest of Eureka, Montana. 1948
2 1027
Pinus ponderosa (planted 1934) and P. monticola (adventive) 1/2 miles north of Blister Rust Headquarters
Kalispel Bay, Priest Lake, Idaho. 1948 August 09
2 1028
Pinus ponderosa (planted 1934) and P. monticola (adventive) 1/2 miles north of Blister Rust Headquarters
Kalispel Bay, Priest Lake, Idaho. 1948 August 09
2 1029
Bog zones. Nymphaea-Brassenia, Carex-Scripus, Spraea menziesii, Pinus monticola-Thuja
Hager Lake, Bonner County, Idaho. 1948
2 1030
Thuja-Tsuga climax with Fatsia dominating undergrowth
Roosevelt Grove, Washington. 1948
2 1031
Typical undergrowth beneth climax Thuja-Tsuga forest. Within 1 miles of stake: Tiarella, Linnaea, Clintonia, Adensocaulon, Smilacina stellata, Athyrium filix foemina, Rubus parvflorus, Vaccinium membranaceum, Hieracium albiflorum, Lastrea dryopteris, Good
Roosevelt Grove, Washington. 1948
2 1032
Large Thuja plicata
Roosevelt Grove, Pend Oreille County, Washington. 1949
2 1033
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa with undergrowth dominanted by Menziesia ferruginea
divide east of Sullivan Lake, Washington. 1949
2 1034
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa with undergrowth dominanted by Menziesia ferruginea
divide east of Sullivan Lake, Washington. 1949
2 1035
Abies grandis-Pachystima climax, Meadow Creek region
Southeast of Harpster, Idaho. 1949
2 1036
Pseudotsuga taxifolia [Douglas Fir], near-climax stand
West end of Thatuna Ridge, Latah County, Idaho. 1949
2 1037
Pseudotsuga taxifolia [Douglas Fir], near-climax stand with stake
West end of Thatuna Ridge, Latah County, Idaho. 1949
2 1038
Pinus ponderosa-Physocarpus [Ponderosa pine-ninebark] climax
West of Viola, Idaho. 1949 August 18
2 1039
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos [Ponderosa pine-snowberry] climax
West end of Thatuna Ridge, Latah County, Idaho. 1949
2 1040a
Pinus ponderosa-Purshia climax
17 miles north of Davenport, Washington. 1949
2 1040b
Pinus ponderosa-Purshia climax
17 miles north of Davenport, Washington. 1949
2 1041
Pinus ponderosa-Festuca idahoensis association
Spokane, Washington. 1949
2 1042
Pinus ponderosa-Festuca idahoensis association
Spokane, Washington. 1949
2 1043
Wind-deformed Pseudotsuga taxifolia
Columbia River Gorge, Washington. 1949
2 1044
Wind-deformed Pseudotsuga taxifolia
Columbia River Gorge, Oregon. 1949
2 1045
View of virgin 2-acre tract of vegetation on campus of State College of Washington
State College of Washington. 1949 November 01
2 1046
Virgin prairie. White dots mark permanent stakes for frequency study from fence to right
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
2 1047
Virgin prairie. White dots mark permanent stakes for frequency study from fence to right. Camera turned slightly to show location of line by white dots. Area has been open to grazing by horses and cattle for at least 40 years but being a north slope there
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
2 1048
Detailed view of virgin Festuca idahoensis-Symphoricarpos [idaho fescue-snowberry] prairie
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
2 1049
Detailed view of grazed prairie
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
2 1050
Artificial pasture. Composed of Bromus inermis [smooth brome] in bottom of swale, and Poa pratensis [Kentucky bluegrass] on slope above. Poa desiccated
Pullman, Washington. 1949 July 11
2 1051
Artemisia tridentata-Festuca idahoensis [big sagebrush-idaho fescue] association. Edaphic climax on volcanic ash
Washtucna, Washington. 1949 June 01
2 1052
Detail of community in near-virgin condition. Artemisia tridentata-Festuca idahoensis [big sagebrush-idaho fescue] association. Edaphic climax on volcanic ash
Washtucna, Washington. 1949 June 01
2 1053
Bromus tectorum stand residual after burning of Artemisia tridentata
East of Moses Lake, Washington. 1949
2 1054
Menziesia ferruginea severely hedged by pika browsing; spruce-fir zone
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1949 September 03
2 1055
Menziesia ferruginea severely hedged by pika browsing; spruce-fir zone moderately browsed
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1949 September 03
2 1056
Menziesia ferruginea severely hedged by pika browsing; spruce-fir zone moderately browsed
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1949 September 03
2 1057
Menziesia growing at edge of rock slide where it is practically undamaged by pika
unknown. 1949
2 1058
Near-virgin Festuca ovina assocation above timberline
Gravelly Range, Montana. 1949
2 1059
Floating Sphagnum mat with Myrica gale
Blaney Lake, U.B.C. Forest Camp, British Columbia. 1949 June 01
2 1060
Thuja-Tsuga-Gaultheria shallon invading Sphagnum-Myrica gale mat with trees well out on mat
Blaney Lake, U.B.C. Forest Camp, British Columbia. 1949 June 01
2 1061
Isolated stands of Pinus (albicaulis) in alpine zone
Gravelly Range, Montana. 1949
2 1062
Isolated stands of Pinus (albicaulis) in alpine zone
Gravelly Range, Montana. 1949
2 1063
Graduate students in plant ecology. Top row, left to right: DuWayne Goodwin, Lloyd Hulbert, Wm. Bridge Cooke, Daniel Lynch, Robert McMinn; lower row left to right: John Rumsely, Jack Secor, Raymond Turner
Washington State University. 1949 October 01
2 1064
Chrysothamnus-Distichlis community showing effect of cultivation in bringing salts to surface. Sagebrush-grass zone
North of Baker, Oregon. 1949
2 1065
Pal formed in Carex rostrata fen by skiing which compacted snow and allowed exceptionally deep frost action in moraine beneath peat; about 1 meter tall, but are eroding away
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1066
Rock crater just beginning to form in frost-heave area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1067
Frost boil
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1068
Rock crater well developed in frost-heave area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1069
Rock net, caused by frost action
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1070
Boulder recently heaved up by frost action; soil mantle on yet completely eroded off; highest tip has been colonized by lichens
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1071
Park in Betula pubescens var. tortuosa forest where trees cannot invade on account of severe frost action
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1072
Rock crater in frost-heave area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1073
Salix herbacea community on soil showing solifluction: surface moves while subsoil is still frozen
Near Katterjakk, Sweden. 1950
2 1074
Salix herbacea community on soil showing solifluction: surface moves while subsoil is still frozen
Near Katterjakk, Sweden. 1950
2 1075
Solifluction showing three large lobes that have moved at irregular intervals
Katterjakk, Sweden. 1950
2 1076
Bare spot in Dryas octopetala heath indicating solifluction
Near Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1077
Solifluction in Dryas octopetala heath with Salix glauca in ravine
Near Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1078
Frost polygons
Near Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1079
Large frost boil in naturally unforested area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1080
Frost boils showing slight solifluction
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1081
Boulder with Vaccinium myrtillus mat lifted so high by frost heaving that inadequate snow cover is killing the mat on top
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1082
Mudflow ripples on solifluction area
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
2 1083
Rock stripes
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
2 1084
Frost polygons without stones
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
2 1085
Frost-heaving killing plants so that erosion can start. Lower alpine belt with Betula nana and Empetrum hermaphroditum
Swedish Lappland. 1950
2 1086
Mudfow wrinkles in solifluction area
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
2 1087
Stone nets formed by frost action
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
2 1088
Stone stripe with broken sod ridge
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
2 1089
Parmelia olivacea on trunk of Betula only above level on winter snow (Betula pubescens tortuosa-Vaccinium-Empetrum association)
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1090
Parmelia olivacea on trunk of Betula only above level on winter snow (Betula pubescens tortuosa-Vaccinium-Empetrum association) on north shore of Lake Tornetrask, Sweden
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
2 1091
Parmelia olivacea growing to ground on birch situated on bluff where snow cannot accumulate in winter
Lake Tornetrask, Sweden. 1950
2 1092
Carex juncella with trunk composed of interlaced rhizomes and roots, and covered with moss
Abisko Turistation, Sweden. 1950
2 1093
Park in upper part of Betula pubescens var. tortuosa zone, caused by excessive snow drifting. Geranium, Trollium, Alchemilla and Solidago conspicuous in center; Salix glauca around edge
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
2 1094
Upper limit of Betula pubescens var. tortuosa forest. Vaccinium mytrillus heath where snow cover in inadequate for Betula, Salix where there is too much snow
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
2 1095
Betula pubescens var. tortuosa forest in subalpine zone
Abisko, Sweden. 1950
2 1096
Einar DuRietz
Swedish Lappland. 1950 July 23
2 1097
Einar DuRietz
Swedish Lappland. 1950 July 23
2 1098
Vegetation zonation related to snow depth. Granitic soil. Salix herbacea at bottom where snow persists late and there is solifluction. Deschampsia flexuosa belt a little higher where snow melts earlier. Vaccinium myrtillus belt where snow cover is thin
Swedish Lappland. 1950
2 1099
Dryas-Cassiope heath on windswept ridges, Salix glauca in draw with snow protection in winter. Solifluction evident
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1100
Glaciated valley floor in Betula pubescens var. tortuosa belt
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1101
Dryas octopetala mat being eroded by wind
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1102
Saxifraga oppositifolia with a little Silene acaulis and Dryas octopatala on extremely wind-swept slope. Calcareous schist
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
2 1103
Peat hummocks about 1/2 meter tall around margin of Carex mire. First Scirpus caespitosus forms tussocks, these become invaded by Tallictrum alpinum, Tofeldia palustris and moss, then Vaccinium uliginosum and Empetrum hermaphroditum take over. Scattered B
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
2 1104
Succession on glaciated granite: Aira flexuos and Calluna vulgaris growing on peaty material; Quercus and Populus trumula forming dwarfed forest
Botanical Gardens grounds at Gothenburg, Sweden. 1950
2 1105
Mutants of Picea abies in Botanical Garden. f. remota to right (dense, conical); f. birgata center; f. nidiflormis left foreground in doughtnut form; var. nana to left above (globular, short-needled); f. echiniformis (behind nidifica, a compact polster)
Gothenburg, Sweden. 1950
2 1106
Excursion group on salt marsh
Southern tip of Sweden. 1950
2 1107
Skanor heath: Myrica gale, Calluna vulgaris and erica tetralix dominant under heavy grazing which keeps out Quercus and Betula
25 kilometers south of Landskrona, Sweden. 1950
2 1108
Picea abies forest with ground cover of Vaccinium myrtillus, Hylocomnium schreberi and H. splendens, 170 years old. A few Fagus and Quercus seedlings suggest that deciduous forest may be climax here.
Nytaboda, Skone, Sweden. 1950
2 1109
Picea abies forest with ground cover of Vaccinium myrtillus, Hylocomnium schreberi and H. splendens, 170 years old. A few Fagus and Quercus seedlings suggest that deciduous forest may be climax here. Also with delic Pinus sylvestris
Nytaboda, Skone, Sweden. 1950
2 1110
Young stand of same type as 1108 showing heap of stones accumulated during former period of cultivation
Gyllsboda, Skona, Sweden. 1950
2 1111
Mosses, chiefly Hypnum cupressiforme, confined to granite boulders projecting above leaf litter in Fagus ylvatica forest
Tronto, Sweden. 1950
2 1112
Deschamsia-Betula verrucosa-Juniperus communis community characteristic on lands grazed too heavily for oak-beech climax to develop; even spruce can't invade
Near Karlskrona, Sweden. 1950
2 1113
Ice-pushed ridge about 2 meters high
Lake Fiolen, Sweden. 1950
2 1114
Pinus sylvestris: narrow and broad-crowned biotypes growing in same stand
Smoland, Sweden. 1950
2 1115
Excursion members and chauffeurs
Gyllene Uttern near Granna, Sweden. 1950 July 10
2 1116
Carex juncella in older part of fen showing invasion by mosses, Betula pubescens, Salix, empetrum, Eriophorum, Polygonum viviparum
Abisko Turistation, Sweden. 1950
2 1117
Fen, with dwarf birch forest and alpine tundra in background
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
2 1118
Pinus monticola and Larix occidentalis, the former showing winterkilled zone of foilage two growing seasons afterward
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1950 September 01
2 1119
Larix occidentalis: old trees showing scorched bark and young trees that have started subsequent to fire
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1951
2 1120
Artemisia/Festuca idahoensis [sagebrush/idaho fescue] stand in excellent condition
4.4 miles West of Lind, Washington. 1951 April 01
2 1121
Alnus-Populus trichocarpa floodplain forest
Asotin Creek, Washington. 1951 April 15
2 1122
Alnus-Populus trichocarpa floodplain forest
Asotin Creek, Washington. 1951 April 15
2 1123
Festuca/Symphoricarpos grassland in contact with Pseudotsuga/Physocarpus forest; looking down west spur of Tekoa Mountain
Tekoa Mountain. 1951 April 10
2 1124
Fossil stone stripe on south slope of west spur of Tekoa Mountain
Tekoa Mountain. 1951 April 10
2 1125
Pinus ponderosa/Festuca idahoensis stand. Principal undergrowth: Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Koeleria cristata, Balsemorhiza sagittata
Spokane, Washington. 1951 April 11
2 1126
Pinus ponderosa/Symphoricarpos [Ponderosa pine/snowberry] stand
Union Flat Creek, West of Pullman, Washington. 1951 April 11
2 1127
Crataegus douglasii/Heracleum [black hawthorn/cowparsnip] stand
Union Flat Creek, West of Pullman, Washington. 1951 April 11
2 1128
Union Flat valley showing Crataegus [hawthorn] communities
West of Pullman, Washington. 1951 April 11
2 1129
Picea-Abies lasisocarpa/Pachistima stand
Frenchman Butte, Idaho County, Idaho. 1951 June 28
2 1130
Pinus contorta/Calamagrostis rubescens stand in Pseudotsuga zone
3 miles north of Kimberly, British Columbia. 1951
2 1131
Succession leading to climax dominated by Picea glauca
Vermillion River, British Columbia. 1951
2 1132
Young pod without macroscopic vegetation
Columbia Icefields, Banff National Park, Canada. 1951
2 1133
Populus tremuloides and Picea glauca
Triangle, West of High Prairie, Alberta. 1951
2 1134
Pond with Picea mariana, Betula glandulosa (including some Larix), anchored sedges, and waterlilly zones
271 miles northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1135
Fen with Carex and Salix along Rancheria River
218 miles westnorthWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1136
Artemisia frigida-grass community after scattered Populus tremuloides had been eliminated by fire
51 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1137
Artemisia frigida-grass balds on exposed south facing bluffs
46 miles from Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1138
Saline pond in desiccated condition. Salicornia on dried salt layer, then grasses, Salix, Populus-Picea
29 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1139
Dry grassland, probably representing a pond with less intense salinity
around 29 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1140
Picea glauca and Betula papyrifera
60 miles south of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
2 1141
Timberline at Summit Lake (Picea glauca, Pinus contorta, Abies lasiocarpa)
95 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
2 1142
Abies lasiocarpa at timberline above Summit Lake with Betula glandulosa and Cladonia conspicuous
95 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
2 1143
Picea mariana muskeg
100 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
2 1144
Vegetation belts about a pond in British Columbia
8 miles south of Watson Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1145
Timberline at Summit Lake
95 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
2 1146
Picea gauca savanna with Salix and a little Betula glandulosa in subalpine zone
10 miles southeast of Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1147
Picea glauca forming muskeg with Ledum decumbens near Upper Donjek River
West of Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1148
Soil horizons buried by avalanching
Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1149
Picea glauca replacing Populus tremuloides
Snag Creek, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1150
Populus tremuloides/Arctostaphylos on south slope; Picea mariana/Ledum-Vaccinium vitis-idaea on north slope of dune
38 miles southeast of Tok Junction, Alaska. 1951
2 1151
Pond formed by melting of permafrost; leaning trees
50 miles West of Tok Junction, Alaska. 1951
2 1152
Grasslands on south-facing bluffs surrounded by aspen belts
Between Tok and Big Delta junctions, Alaska. 1951
2 1153
Grassland on buffalo range, gravelly outwash
West of Big Delta junction, Alaska. 1951
2 1154
Picea glauca at upper timberline on Eagle Summit
109 miles northeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. 1951
2 1155
Solifluction. Alpine zone on Eagle Summit
109 miles northeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. 1951
2 1156
Grasslands on south slopes of recessional moraines in British Columbia
89 miles north of Haines, Alaska. 1951
2 1157
Picea sitchensis at upper timberline in British Columbia
North of Haines, Alaska. 1951
2 1158
Picea sitchensis with Alnus-Salix thickets at upper timberlines in British Columbia, evelation 1850 feet
North of Haines, Alaska. 1951
2 1159
Picea sitchensis with Alnus-Salix thickets at upper timberlines in British Columbia, evelation 1850 feet
North of Haines, Alaska. 1951
2 1160
Betula glandulosa-Salix in a swale being invaded very poorly by conifers; possibly a frost hollow
105 miles northWest of Saint John, British Columbia. 1951
2 1161
Sharp ecotone between Pseudotsuga and grassland communities
East of Crowsnest Pass, Alberta. 1951
2 1162
Saline pond in desiccated condition. Salicornia on dried salt layer, then grasses, Salix, Populus-Picea
29 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
2 1163
Stone net
West of Davenport, Washington. 1951
2 1164
Stone net and hummock
West of Davenport, Washington. 1951
2 1165
Graduate ecology students, above right to left: Lynch, Moomaw, Poulton, Murdock; below right to left: Secor, Rumely, Furman
Washington State University. 1951 January 10
2 1166
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum [big sagebrush/bunchgrass] stand
6 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1952 May 13
2 1167
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand
Between Mabdon and Bickleton, Washington. 1952 May 13
2 1168
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos albus [Idaho fescue/common snowberry] stand
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1952 June 07
2 1169
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos albus [Idaho fescue/common snowberry] stand
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1952 June 07
2 1170
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos albus [Idaho fescue/common snowberry] stand; area in upper right, uphill of plowed fire line was burned the preceding summer
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1952 June 07
2 1171
Bean crops protected by wattle windbreaks
North Dalles, Washington. 1952 June 15
2 1172
Dune invading stand of Pinus contorta
Waldport, Oregon. 1952
2 1173
Shrubs in draw off Wawawai Canyon. Photo taken about 30 feet downslope from a Craegus [hawthorn], about a mile down from the sideroad at the top of the canyon. See map fro identity of plants [map on back of Daubenmire's descriptions]
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952 June 26
2 1174
Profile of Festuca/Symphoricarpos [Fescue/snowberry] association
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952 June 24
2 1175
Profile of Festuca/Symphoricarpos [Fescue/snowberry] association
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952 June 24
2 1176
Detail of Festuca/Symphoricarpos [Fescue/snowberry] assocation
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952
2 1177
Virgin stand of Artemisia tridentata/Festuca idahoensis [big sagebrush/idaho fescue]
4 miles north of Lind, Washington. 1952 June 26
2 1178
Graduate students in plant ecology. Left to right above: Charles Poulton, Harry Latimer, Alstair MacLean, Jack Secor, Thomas Furman, James Momaw, Jack Alex, DuWayne Goodwin, John Rumely, Donald Chapp
Blue Mountains. 1952 September 26
2 1179
Old Pinus ponderosa with understory of Abies grandis: North of Castle Creek Ranger Station
Nez Perce National Forest, Idaho. 1952
2 1180
No description
.
2 1181
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
2 miles north of Rosalia, Washington. 1953 May 10
2 1182
Zonation of associations: Elymus cinereus [basin wildrye], Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush], Agropyron spicatum [bunchgrass], Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass]
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1953
2 1183
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand. Shows frost boil and pedistalled Poa
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1953
2 1184
General view of same stand as 1183
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1953
2 1185
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
West of La Crosse, Washington. 1953 May 17
2 1186
Artemisia tridentata/Bromus tectorum [threetip sagebrush, cheatgrass] stand
Lind, Washington. 1953 May 17
2 1187
Weathered road cut through soil supporting Artemisia tridentata/Festuca idahoensis [threetip sagebrush/idaho fescue] stand. Shows firm layer of sod held by roots of Poa [bluegrass]; caliche at about 1 meter depth
6 miles southeast of Lind, Washington. 1953 May 17
2 1188
Artemisia tridentata [threetip sagebrush] (left of stake), Chrysothamnus nauseosus [rubber rabbitbrush] (right), Purshia [bitterbrush] (far right)/Stipa comata-Oryzopsis hymenoides [needle and thread-Indian rice grass] stand on Winchester sand
Between Moses Lake and Burke Junction, Washington. 1953 June 08
2 1189
Fire-induced prairie dominated by Pteridium and Gaultheria shallon. In background is climax forest: Thuja-Tsuga/Vaccinium ovatum-Struthiopters Ahlstrom Prairie
West end of Quilliyute Prairie near Forks, Washington. 1953
2 1190
Picea sitchensis; tree formerly marginal, where forest is invading herbaceous vegetation
West end of Quilliyute Prairie near Forks, Washington. 1953
2 1191
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand
North of Burke Junction, Washington. 1953 June 05
2 1192
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum [threetip sagebrush/bunchbrass] stand in profel
6 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1953 May 01
2 1193
Pinus ponderosa/Symphoricarpos [Ponderosa pine/snowberry] stand
Thatuna Ridge, Idaho. 1953 May 25
2 1194
Pinus ponderosa/Physocarpus malvaceus [Ponderosa pine/mallow ninebark] stand
Thatuna Ridge, Idaho. 1953 May 25
2 1195
Pyrus diversifolia and Picea sitchensis invading Pteridium prairie
Quillayute Prairie, near Forks, Washington. 1953 June 01
2 1196
Land untilled being invaded by Pyrus diversifolia, and (on formerly plowed ground) by Picea sitchensis
Little Quillayute Prairie, Washington. 1953 June 10
2 1197
Pseudotsuga in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1953
2 1198
Acer macrophyllum-Polystichum-Oxalis
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1953
2 1199
Acer macrophyllum-Polystichum-Oxalis
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1953
2 1200
Artemisia tridentata/Festuca idahoensis [threetip sagebrush/idaho fescue]
Southwest of Lind, Washington. 1953 June 13
2 1201
Characteristic form on Picea sitchensis
Near Terrace, British Columbia. 1953
2 1202
Profiles of Picea in regions just east of pure Picea sitchensis. Cones all typical of glauca, foliage longer than gauca
7 miles east of Skeena Crossing, British Columbia. 1953
2 1203
Profiles of Picea glauca
8 miles east of Vanderhoof, British Columbia. 1953
2 1204
Profiles of Picea glauca
2 miles east of Vanderhoof, Briitsh Columbia on road #16. 1953
2 1205
Landscape with Scirpus, Stipa grassland, aspen groves, and Pseudotsuga forest
13 miles south of Williams Lake, British Columbia. 1953
2 1206
Complex landscape with vegetation showing the effects of soil, fire, and microclimate
Kamloops, British Columbia. 1953
2 1207
Stipa spp., Poa secunda, Cirsium, Artemisia frigida, v. little Agropyron spicatum. Characteristic of middle grassland belt
Kamloops, British Columbia. 1953
2 1208
Upper grassland belt. Agropyron spicatum, Antennaria parvifolia, Achillea lanulosa, Astragalus serotinus, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Eriogonum heracleoides, Festuca scabrella, Geranium viscosissiumum, Lithospermum ruderale, Rosa, Stipa richardsonii, S. virid
Kamloops, British Columbia. 1953
2 1209
Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] and Chrysothamnus/Poa [rabbitbrush/bluegrass] fenceline caused by grazing in exclosure
Silcott, Washington. 1954 April 10
2 1210
Frost-heaved Poa secunda and Artemisia rigida
2 miles West of Wilbur, Washington. 1954
2 1211
Frost-heaved Poa secunda and Artemisia rigida
2 miles West of Wilbur, Washington. 1954
2 1212
Purshia/Stipa comata and Chrysothamnus/Bromus tectorum fenceline casued by overgrazing
Columbia River north of Wilbur, Washington. 1954
2 1213
Purshia/Stipa comata/Poa secunda with small amounts of Aristida, Sporobolus, and Balsamorhiza, on sandy loam with much fine gravel
Between Riverside and Omak, Washington. 1954 June 10
2 1214
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata with a little Sporobolus
2.1 miles south of Malott, Washington. 1954 June 10
2 1215
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron below with Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda at brow of hill
6 miles West of Vantage, Washington. 1954 June 11
2 1216
Alternation of Festuca viridula grassland and Picea-Abies/Xerophyllum forest (burned)
Between Clarkia and Roundtop, Idaho. 1954 July 15
2 1217
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand
North of Pateros, Washington. 1954 April 01
2 1218
Purshia tridentata/Agropyron spciatum/Poa secunda in virgin condition
3.4 miles south of Pateros, Washington. 1954
2 1219
Across the fence from above stand in pasture heavily used by cattle: Purshia/Bromus tectorum/Poa secunda
unknown. 1954
2 1220
Acanthocereus floridana growing at the ecotone between mangrove and hammock
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
2 1221
Opuntia keyensis
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
2 1222
Rhizophora magle about Whitewater Bay
Cape Sable, Florida. 1954
2 1223
Rhizophora magle about Whitewater Bay
Cape Sable, Florida. 1954
2 1224
Dwarf Taxodium ascendens with Mariscus jamaicensis growing on very thin marl over limestone flooded with freshwater
Everglades National Park, Florida. 1954
2 1225
Beach scrub with Coccolobus uvifera, Uniola paniculata and small amounts of Chrysobalanus and Serenoa
8 miles north of Palm Beach, Florida. 1954
2 1226
Taxodium ascendens forming "cypress heads" in wet prairie of upper Saint John's River valley
Southeast of Orlando, Florida. 1954
2 1227
Profile thru soil and vegetation of grassland on Goat Mountain Lookout. Agropyron spicatum and Festuca viridula dominant
Saint Joe National Forest. 1954 August 06
2 1228
Rain gage mounted with shield
Clarkia Ranger Station, Idaho. 1954
2 1229
Quercus laevis, Aristida stricta and Ceratiola ericoides dominating an ancient beach now far inland
3.6 miles West of Archer, Florida. 1954
2 1230
Quercus virginiana
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1954
2 1231
Low rainforest
Key Largo, Florida. 1954
2 1232
Low rainforest
Key Largo, Florida. 1954
2 1233
Pinus elliottii/Coccothrinax argentata-Thrinax microcarpa
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
2 1234
Root system of wind-thrown Pinus. Limestone has practically no mantle of soil
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
2 1235
Vegetation mosaic: P. contorta forest, Artemisia and herbaceous vegetation
Yellowstone National Park. 1954
2 1236
Ecotone between Stipa comata/Bouteloua prairie and Cercocarpus-Rhus trilobata scrub. Juniperus in ravines
East of Newcastle, Wyoming. 1954
2 1237
Landscape: Populus and Artemisia along valley bottom with Stipa/Bouteloua on hills
10 miles south of Newcastle, Wyoming. 1954
2 1238
Landscape: Populus, Sarcobatus, and Artemisia (cana?) communities in valley with grassland on uplands
Near Redbud, Wyoming. 1954
2 1239
Vegetation dominated by Artemisia tridentata on continental divide
6 miles south of Creston, Wyoming. 1954
2 1240
Vegetation dominated by Artemisia tridentata on continental divide also showing Opuntia and grasses Agropyron spicatum and Onyzopsis hymenoides with Artemisia
6 miles south of Creston, Wyoming. 1954
2 1241
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum assocation
7 miles West of Vantage, Washington. 1954
2 1242
Dam at low water time
Nederland, Colorado. 1954
2 1243
Grassland and aspen groves in Pseudotsuga zone. Some Juniperus; stipa, Poa
South of 150 mile House, British Columbia. 1954
2 1244
Pinus clausa/Quercus chapmanii (with Q. geminata and Q. Serenoa repens, and Opuntia austrina
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1954 September 01
2 1245
Opuntia
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1954 September 01
2 1246
Opuntia
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1954 September 01
2 1247
Stone stripe in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] habitat
North of Rosalia, Washington. 1955 May 21
2 1248
Artemisia tridentata-Festuca idahoensis dominated vegetation analysed
Near Disautel, Washington. 1955 June 14
2 1249
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand analysed
South of Malott, Washington. 1955 June 15
2 1250
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand analysed
7 miles south of Pateros, Washington. 1955 June 15
2 1251
Artemisia tripartita/Festuca idahoensis stand analysed in cemetery
Badger Mountain, Washington. 1955 June 15
2 1252
Stonenet approx. 13 cm in diameter in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1955 May 21
2 1253
Stonenet approx. 13 cm in diameter in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1955 May 21
2 1254
Recent frost-boil
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1955 May 21
2 1255
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand
13 miles West of Ritzville, Washington. 1955 June 17
2 1256
Elymus cinereus/Distichlis stricta [basin wildrye/saltgrass]
North of Ewan, Washington. 1955 August 26
2 1257
Artemisia tripartita/Festuca stand
Lamont Cemetery, Washington. 1955 August 26
2 1258
Purshia/Stipa comata
4 miles north of Riverside, Washington. 1955 August 27
2 1259
Purshia/Stipa comata
4 miles north of Riverside, Washington. 1955 August 27
2 1260
Bromus tectorum and Poa secunda on Artemisia/Agropyron habitat
Southeast of Ephrata, Washington. 1955 August 28
2 1261
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda areas surrounded by Agropyron/Festuca
Between Benge and Winona, Washington. 1955 August 28
2 1262
Yucca brevifolia and Y. schildigeri
Near Indian Springs, Nevada. 1955
2 1263
Yucca brevifolia and Y. schildigeri; musch Larrea tridentata
South of Indian Springs, Nevada. 1955
2 1264
Cereus giganteus about 10 years old under Franseria dumosa
South of Phoenix, Arizona. 1955
2 1265
Desert: Carnegiea, Opuntia, Echinocereus, Parkinsonia, Franseria, Olneya
South of Phoenix, Arizona. 1955
2 1266
Larrea tridentata
Boulder City, Arizona. 1955
2 1267
Chapparral, Q. dumosa conspicuous
South of Prescott, Arizona. 1955
2 1268
Humbodt Valley with Artemisia, Salix and grass along river
Near Winnemucca, Nevada. 1955 December 01
2 1269
Apricot tree on badly eroded Artemisia/Stipa habitat
Okanogan, Washington. 1955 August 27
2 1270
Soil flowing between Grayia bushes
Rattlesnake Hills, Washington. 1956 April 03
2 1271
Slick spots in field just plowed, the original vegetation having contained Grayia scattered thru Artemisia tridentata
Rattlesnake Hills, Washington. 1956 April 03
2 1272
Virgin Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum vegetation
9 miles south of Toppenish, Washington. 1956 April 16
2 1273
Larraea
Lordsburg, New Mexico. 1956
2 1274
Prosopis
Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona. 1956
2 1275
Mountain park (cienega). Iris and yellow composite in opening; Picea engelmanni on one side; Pseudotsuga-Pinus ponderosa on otherside
Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona. 1956
2 1276
Juniperus pachyphloea
Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona. 1956
2 1277
Opuntia bigelovii in grass cover. Fire on opposite side of road had killed alli cacti
20 miles north of Tucsan, Arizona. 1956
2 1278
Pinon (on right)-Juniper (on left)/Bouteloua
North of Flagstaff, Arizona. 1956
2 1279
Coleogyne ramosissimum
House Rock Valley, Arizona. 1956
2 1280
Picea pungens browsed by deer
Kaibab Plateau, Arizona. 1956
2 1281
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron
Odessa, Washington. 1956 June 08
2 1282
Pebble nets in Artemisia rigida/Poa [gray scabland sagebrush/bluegrass] stand
Sprague, Washington. 1956
2 1283
Pebble nets in Artemisia rigida/Poa [gray scabland sagebrush/bluegrass] stand
Sprague, Washington. 1956
2 1284
Poa secunda [Sandberg bluegrass] union in Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron [threetip sagebrush/bunchgrass] stand
Sunnyside, Washington. 1956 April 17
2 1285
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
2 1286
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
2 1287
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
2 1288
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
2 1289
Soil flowing on slope largely covered with Grayia spinosa but in near-virgin condition
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
2 1290
Exclosure made of logs
Thistle Flats, West of Orangeville, Utah. 1956
2 1291
Landscape: Atriplex confertifolia and Eurotia in foreground; Sarcobatus in background along dry wash
East of Cisco, Utah. 1956
2 1292
Picea engelmanni with exceptionally smooth bark
Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1956
2 1293
Yuuca and Bouteloua
20 miles north of Silver City, New Mexico. 1956
2 1294
Quercus/grass woodland
10 miles southWest of Silver City, New Mexico. 1956
2 1295
Eroded apron
Anderson Ranch Dam, Idaho. 1957 September 14
2 1296
Eroded apron
Anderson Ranch Dam, Idaho. 1957 September 14
2 1297
Artemisia tripartita/Festuca idahoensis with scattered Purshia tridentata in ungrazed kipouka off Ladlow Park
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1957 September 13
2 1298
Soil eroded about 6 cm in same vegetation as #1297
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1957 September 13
2 1299
Artemisia tridentata below, Pseudotsuga above, with belt of Cercocarpus ledifolius between
West of Lidy Hot Springs at south end of Beaverhead Mountains, Idaho. 1957
2 1300
Atriplex nuttallii/Oryzopsis hymenoides (with Artemisia tridentata in background) on silty flat that is occassionally flooded
15 miles West of Dubois, Idaho. 1957
2 1301
Artemisia nova/Agropyron spicatum on gravelly outwash
9 miles West of Dubois, Idaho. 1957
2 1302
34 year old exclosure: Artemisia tripartita/Agropyron spicatum
Dubois Sheep Experimental Station, Idaho. 1957 September 13
2 1303
5 year old burn in Artemisia/tridentata/Agropyron spicatum, with Elymus cinereus invading
3 miles east of Virginia City, Montana. 1957
2 1304
Artemisia tridentata-Opuntia polyacantha dominating spots of heavy soil, with Stipa comata-Eurotia-Artemisia frigida-Bouteloua gracilis on less-heavily textured matrix.
Beaverhead Valley, 12 miles north northWest of Dillon, Montana. 1957
2 1305
Sharp natural ecotone between Artemisia tridentata-dominated and grass-dominated vegetation
12 miles West of Melrose, Montana. 1957
2 1306
Purshia tridentata/Stipa comata
East of Omak, Washington. 1957 July 10
2 1307
Burn line with Artemisia tridentata and Poa cusickii elminiated
on divide south of Sunnyside, Washington. 1957 June 17
2 1308
Eriogonum thymoides/Poa secunda
Badger Mountain Cemetery, Washington. 1957 June 15
2 1309
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron on biscuits, with Eriogonum thymoides/Poa secunda on swales
East of Waterville, Washington. 1957 June 15
2 1310
No description
2 1311
Stipa comata decreasing and Artemisia tripartita increasing in pasture, with Artemisia tripartita/Stipa/Poa secunda outside fence
Near Disautel, Washington. 1957 June 14
2 1312
Artemisia tripartita stand studied (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
Southeast of Coulee Dam, Washington. 1957 June 14
2 1313
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
Coulee Dam, Washington. 1957 June 14
2 1314
Eurotia/Poa secunda (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
4 miles southeast of Badger, Washington. 1957 April 10
2 1315
Eurotia/Poa secunda (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
South of Satus Store, Washington. 1957 April 10
2 1316
Stand of Grayia spinosa on left, stand of Eurotia on right, with Artemisia tridentata on valley bottom
4 miles southeast of Badger, Washington. 1957 April 10
2 1317
Frost boil in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda stand (Lewisia in picture)
Moses Coulee, Washington. 1957 April 15
2 1318
Solonetzic spot in Agropyron spicatum/Festuca idahoensis grassland
South of Asotin, Washington. 1957 April 15
2 1319
Solonetzic spot in Agropyron spicatum/Festuca idahoensis grassland
South of Asotin, Washington. 1957 April 15
2 1320
Stone nets
Gormana Lake, Lincoln County, Washington. 1957
2 1321
Quercus-Avena fatua-Bromus savanna
West of Sacramento, California. 1957 August 01
2 1322
Abies magnifica/Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Echo Summit, California. 1957
2 1323
Sequoia sempervirens with Oxalis and Polystichum
Near Pepperville, California. 1957
2 1324
Pinus ponderosa/Arctostaphylos (manzanita) on serpentine
Near Selma, Oregon. 1957
2 1325
Thuja-Tsuga heterophylla/Pachistima stand
Granite Creek (middle). 1957 August 11
2 1326
Thuja-Tsuga heterophylla/Pachistima stand. Aralia, Linnaea Rhytidiopsis abundant on ground, Dicranum on tree
Blacktail Mountain (upper). 1957 August 10
2 1327
Thuja-Tsuga heterophylla/Pachistima stand
Blacktail Creek. 1957 July 27
2 1328
Picea engelmanni-Abies lasiocarpa/Xerophyllum-Vaccinium membranaceum at Camel's Prairie
West of Lookout, Idaho. 1957 July 26
2 1329
Pseudotsuga/Calamagrostis rubescens climax
Near Conconully, Washington. 1957 July 11
2 1330
Pinus ponderosa/Arctostaphylos (manzanita) on serpentine
Near Selma, Oregon. 1957
2 1331
Vegetation belts dominated by Artemisia tridentata, Quercus, and Pseudotsuga
Mount Timpanogos, Utah. 1957
2 1332
Atriplex confertifolia, Artistida, Hilaria and Opuntia; Book Cliffs behind
Southeast of Wellington, Utah. 1957
2 1333
Pinus ponderosa and Populus trem. with understory of Abies concolor and Picea pungens
mountains above Coyote, New Mexico. 1958
2 1334
Juniperus-Pinus cembroides
South of Las Vegas, New Mexico. 1958
2 1335
Yucca elatior
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
2 1336
Yucca elatior
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
2 1337
Ephedra torreyana
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
2 1338
Sporobolus on flat rarely inundated
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
2 1339
Larrea tridentata with a little Prosopis
Tularosa, New Mexico. 1958
2 1340
Dasylirion wheeleri on lava flow
West of Carrizoso, New Mexico. 1958
2 1341
Vegetation on lava surface approx. 1000 years old
West of Carrizoso, New Mexico. 1958
2 1342
Abrupt ecotone of Pinus cembroides, Juniperus, Quercus
Near Mora, New Mexico. 1958
2 1343
Park in Abies concolor-Pseudotsuga forest
Near Holman, New Mexico. 1958
2 1344
Juniperus-Pinus cembroides
Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1958
2 1345
Sarcobatus-Distichlis stricta
South of Toppenish, Washington. 1958 May 19
2 1346
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum. Much Poa secunda. Minor spp: Tetradymia, Chrysoth. nauseosus, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa thurberiana, Sitanion hysterix, Crepis
10 miles southeast of Huntington, Oregon. 1958 June 14
2 1347
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata-S. thurberiana with Poa secunda (minor spp.: Chrys. Viscidiflorus, Sitanion hysterix, Lupinus, Pentstemon (speciosus?))
10 miles northeast of Twin Falls, Idaho. 1958 June 14
2 1348
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron. Minor spp: Chrys. viscidifl., Sitanion hysterix, Epilob. panivul., Bromus tectorum, Plantago purshii, Astragalus
Albion, Idaho. 1958 June 15
2 1349
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron with Stipa comata stand across ravine, climaxes on different soils
17 miles West of Logan, Utah. 1958
2 1350
Juniperus osteosperma/Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum/Poa secunda, Brown soil
3 miles West of Promontory, Utah. 1958 June 19
2 1351
Juniperus osteosperma/Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum/Poa secunda, Brown soil.
North edge of Great Salt Lake, Utah. 1958 June 19
2 1352
Opuntia spreading and accumulating soil in depleted Eurotia community
South of Malta, Idaho. 1958 June 20
2 1353
Agropyron spicatum after fire in Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron with dead crown burned out
Hanford, Washington. 1958
2 1354
Spring after burn in Artemisia/Agropyron showing site of former Artemisia bush with Descuriana very large
Hanford, Washington. 1958
2 1355
Edge of burn in Agropyron-Festuca grassland on Gooseneck Ridge
West of Asotin, Washington. 1958 May 13
2 1356
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa thurberiana
West of Murtaugh, Idaho. 1958 June 20
2 1357
Larrea tridentata
Armargosa Desert, Nevada. 1957 December 01
2 1358
Yucca brevifolia
Southern Nevada. 1957 December 01
2 1359
Yucca brevifolia
Southern Nevada. 1957 December 01
2 1360
Desert with Cereus giganteus
Scottsburgh, Arizona. 1957 December 01
2 1361
Desert with Artiplex confertifolia
6 miles east of Tonopah, Nevada. 1957 December 01
2 1362
Quercus gambellii
Springville, Utah. 1958
2 1363
Dense mixed stand of mixed conifers on Thuja-Tsuga/Pachistima habitat
Blacktail Road, Boundary County, Idaho. 1958
2 1364
Purshia/Stipa comata
4 miles north of Riverside, Washington. 1958 October 05
2 1365
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata
Grand Coulee City, Washington. 1958 October 05
2 1366
Shrubs around talus
Grand Coulee City, Washington. 1958
2 1367
General view Parkinsonia microphylla-Carnegiea-Opuntia-Franseria deltoides vegetation, north end of Signal Hill
West of Tucson, Arizona. 1958
2 1368
Tridens pulchellus, common perennial grass associated with Carnegiea-parkinsoinia-Fouquieria
Tucson, Arizona. 1958
2 1369
Yucca elata-Dasylirion-hilaria-Aristida-Bouteloua
20 miles east of Tucson, Arizona. 1958
2 1370
Alternation of Quercus emoryi-Q. oblongifolia-Juniperus monosperma with Sporobolus-Heteropogon contortus
30 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
2 1371
Sporobolus-Bouteloua-Nolina microcarpa
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
2 1372
Prosopis juliflora-Chilopsis linearis-Sporobolus airoides on valley floor in foothills; occasionally flooded
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
2 1373
Quercus emoryi-Q. oblongifolia savanna
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
2 1374
Quercus emoryi-Q. oblongifolia savanna
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
2 1375
Ferrocactus wislizeni
Tucson, Arizona. 1958
2 1376
South-facing slope with Pinus cembroides, Juniperus deppiana, Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pinus chihuana, Quercus hypoleucoides (dwarf); north-facing slope with Pinus ponerosa arizonica, P.p. scopulorum, Quercus hypoleucoides (tall)
Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. 1958
2 1377
Cupressus arizonica along creek; above: Quercus emoryi, Q. oblongifolia, Arctostaphylos pungens, Garrya wrightii, Rhamnus crocea, Applopappus lancifolium looking west along south slope
Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. 1958
2 1378
Prosopis velutina juliflora on floodplain. In leafless winter condition, undergrowth badly disturbed
East of Tucson, Arizona. 1958
2 1379
Atriplex canescens on lower bajada
Tucson, Arizona. 1958
2 1380
Atriplex poly carpa on lower bajada
Near Casa Grande, Arizona. 1958
2 1381
Larrea in foreground, Parkinsonia-Carnegiea-Fouquieria on slope behind
Near Wikiup, Arizona. 1958
2 1382
Atriplex confertifolia dominant
Round Mountain, Nevada. 1958
2 1383
Melanized silt in buried prehistoric stream channel
Union Flat Creek, West of Pullman, Washington. 1958
2 1384
Grayia and Bromus tectorum on 68% talus slope facing west
Vantage, Washington. 1958
2 1385
Active talus 65% slope encroaching on older talus supporting Grayia, Artemisia tridentata and Bromus tectorum 45%
Vantage, Washington. 1958
2 1386
Eriogonum thymoides/Poa secunda habitat in profile
Mansfield, Washington. 1958
2 1387
Agropyron/Poa above and Sporobolus/Poa below
North of Lewiston, Idaho. 1959 May 11
2 1388
Virgin Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] stand
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
2 1389
Long-abandoned field supporting Bromus tectorum-Chrysothamnus nauseosus [cheatgrass-rubber rabbitbrush] on Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] habitat type
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
2 1390
Virgin Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] stand
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
2 1391
First year abandoned field on same habitat as #1388-1389
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
2 1392
Virgin Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] in foreground, old abandoned field in background
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
2 1393
Burned over Purshia-Festuca with Eriogonum thymoides/Poa on thin soil
North of Bickleton, Washington. 1959
2 1394
Sarcobatus/Distichlis
0.8 miles east of Satus, Washington. 21712
2 1395
Calamagrostis under Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga
Meeks Table, near Yakima, Washington. 1959
2 1396
Crataegus douglasii/Poa pratensis [black hawthorn/Kentucky bluegrass] derived by grazing from C.d./Heracleum lanatum [?/common cowparsnip]
East of Pullman, Washington. 1959
2 1397
Crataegus douglasii/Poa pratensis [black hawthorn/Kentucky bluegrass] derived by grazing from C.d./Heracleum lanatum [?/common cowparsnip]
East of Pullman, Washington. 1959
2 1398
Artemisia tripartita-Festuca idahoensis north slope
3 miles northWest of Deep Creek, Washington. 1959 June 20
2 1399
Artemisia tripartita-Festuca idahoensis south slope
3 miles northWest of Deep Creek, Washington. 1959 June 20
2 1400
Artemisia tripartita-Festuca idahoensis at north edge
Davenport, Washington. 1959 June 21
2 1401
Ponds in scabland
Between Leahy and Coulee Dam, Washington. 1959
2 1402
Elymus, Sarcobatus and Artemisia habitats in sequence
West of Leahy, Washington. 1959
2 1403
Burned in fall 1958, photographed in July 1959. Abies/Pachistima habitat
Idaho County, Idaho. 1959 July 17
2 1404
Burned in fall 1958, photographed in July 1959. Abies/Pachistima habitat, except transect nearest Grangeville (F-10)
Idaho County, Idaho. 1959 July 17
2 1405
Interfingering of forest and grassland with Pinus ponderosa along river
South of Lolo, Montana. 1959
2 1406
Eurotia/Poa
4 miles east of Smyrna, Washington. 1959 September 18
2 1407
Pinus ponderosa/Agropyron spicatum northernmost site
Spokane, Washington. 1959 September 22
2 1408
Burned and unburned Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron vegetation
Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1959
2 1409
Agropyron/Poa - Sporobolus/Poa ecotone
North edge of Lewiston, Idaho. 1960 May 05
2 1410
Artemisia trid./Agropyron on brown soil profile
13 miles north of Sunnyside, Wasington. 1960
2 1411
Artemisia trid/Agropyron profile showing resistance of A1 horizon to erosion
Southwest of Prosser, Washington. 1960
2 1412
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron on Sierozem
Cole Creek Stand, Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1960
2 1413
Burn line through stand in #1412
Cole Creek Stand, Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1960
2 1414
Agropyron spicatum/Poa virgin stand,
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1960 June 01
2 1415
Chrysothamnus nauseosus/Bromus tectorum on abandoned field
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1960 June 01
2 1416
Lewisia rediviva on Eriogonum thymoides/Poa habitat
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960
2 1417
Lewisia rediviva on Eriogonum thymoides/Poa habitat
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960
2 1418
Eriogonum douglassii/Poa
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960 June 10
2 1419
Quercus garryana open forest with Purshia and Bromus tectorum
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960
2 1420
Eriogonum douglassii/Poa
Near Satus Peak, Washington. 1960
2 1421
Purshia/Festuca
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960 June 11
2 1422
Purshia/Festuca
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960 June 11
2 1423
Biscuit and swale: Eriogonum thym-Artem. rigida with Artemisia trip (?)/Agropyron - Festuca-Poa cusickii
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960
2 1424
Biscuit and swale: Eriogonum thym-Artem. rigida with Artemisia trip (?)/Agropyron - Festuca-Poa cusickii
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960
2 1425
Quercus garryana savanna
upper Satus Creek, Washington. 1960
2 1426
Artemisia tridentata along Old Lady Creek in Agropyron/Poa zone
Roosevelt, Washington. 1960
2 1427
Purshia/Bromus tectorum on Pushia/Stipa comata site
North of Wilbur, Washington. 1960
2 1428
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis virgin study site
Near Methow Game Range Headquarters. 1960 June 21
2 1429
Artemisia trid./Bromus tect. on Artem./Stipa comata stie
Okanogan, Washington. 1960
2 1430
Spring ..tn. bald
Lolo Trail, Idaho. 1960 July 19
2 1431
Thuja in Thuja/Oplopanax stand; largest tree in Glacier National Park
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1960 July 01
2 1432
Patchyness of timber at upper timberline
Logan Pass, Glacier National Park, Montana. 1960
2 1433
Snowpatch and bald. Camera pointed due east of Moscow, Idaho
Freezout Mountain, Idaho. 1960
2 1434
Snowcomb with Tsuga mertensiana
Freezout Mountain, Idaho. 1960
2 1435
Edge of burn in Artemisia trid./Agrop.
Kiona, Washington. 1961 June 28
2 1436
Eriogonum sphaerocephalum/Poa secunda
10 miles south of Bickleton, Washington. 1961
2 1437
Eurotia/Poa surrounded by Art. trid.
North side of Saddle Mountain, Washington. 1961
2 1438
Garland of Philadelphus-Amelanchier-Prunus virg. about talus
Coulee Dam, Washington. 1961 June 18
2 1439
Chrysothamnus/Bromus following grazing alonge
North of Lewiston, Idaho. 1961
2 1440
Bromus tectorum/Chrysoth. naus. on field in exclosure abandoned 3 years
Silcott, Washington. 1961
2 1441
Snowpatch series in swale, 6400 feet, Abies lasiocarpa behind
Mount Revelstoke, British Columbia. 1962
2 1442
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda
West of Coulee City, Washington. 1962
2 1443
Eriogonum douglassii/Poa secunda
8 miles south of Bickleton, Washington. 1962
2 1444
Eurotia/Poa secunda with Grayia behind
Few miles east of Smyrna, Washington. 1962
2 1445
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata, site 129
Southwest of Othello, Washington. 1962 May 20
2 1446
Purshia/Stipa comata, site 137
Southwest of Othello, Washington. 1962
2 1447
Bromus tectorum/Chrysothamnus nauseosus on Stipa comata stie
East of Pasco, Washington. 1962
2 1448
Artemisia tridentata/Poa secunda
West of Vernita, Washington. 1962
2 1449
Effects of grazing on Artemisia tripartita/Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis
Moses Coulee, Washington. 1962
2 1450
Eriogonum heracleoides-Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis, site at road
junction south of Chesaw, Washington. 1962
2 1451
Eriogonum heracleoides-Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis, site at road
Few miles south of Cleveland, Washington. 1962 June 05
2 1452
Eriogonum heracleoides-Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis, site at road
0.5 miles West of Cleveland, Washington. 1962 June 05
2 1453
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis
0.5 miles West of Cleveland, Washington. 1962 June 05
2 1454
Relics of meadow-steppe mosaic
North of Dayton, Washington. 1962
2 1455
Crataegus/Heracleum [hawthorn/cowparsnip] site, with C. grubbed out in railroad right-of-way, and H. replaced by Poa pratensis [Kentucky bluegrass] in pasture
North of Pullman, Washington. 1962
2 1456
Contact between Pinus pond./Symphoricarpos and Pinus/Festuca idahoensis
Spokane, Washington. 1962
2 1457
Pinus ponderosa/Symphoricarpos
North of Fairfield, Washington. 1962
2 1458
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum
6 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1962
2 1459
Art. tridentata/Agropyron on loessal biscuit, with Art. rigida/Poa secunda on scabland in foreground
Northwest of Hartline, Washington. 1962
2 1460
Art. tripartita/Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis
Near Havillah, Washington. 1962
2 1461
Pseudotsuga/Calamagrostis rubescens
Southwest of Joseph, Oregon. 1962
2 1462
Picea-Abies las./Pachistima
Wenatchee Springs, Blue Mountains, Washington. 1962
2 1463
No description
2 1464
Avalanche track in Picea-Abies forest
Bitterroot Mountains, Idaho. 1962
2 1465
Discontinuous Picea-Abies forest
North flank of Kalispel Peak, Washington. 1962
2 1466
Eurotia-Artemisia tridentata alternation
South of Wells, Nevada. 1962
2 1467
Elymus cinereus just over divide into Snake River drainage
12 miles north of Wilkins, Nevada. 1962
2 1468
Rabbit-induced Halogeton glomeratus outside Eurotia exclosure
Wells, Nevada. 1962
2 1469
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata-Agroyron assocation
West of Vantage, Washingotn. 1963 June 05
2 1470
Ecology excursion on Freezout Mountain. Well know plant ecologists as invited guests for 3-day excursion
Freezout Mountain, Idaho. 1962 August 01
2 1471
Thuja 16 feet 4 inches diameter
State Land Bridge Park, Idaho. 1963
2 1472
Thuja-Athyrium
Elk Ridge east of Elk City, Idaho. 1963
2 1473
Pseudotsuga showing storm damage
Crown Point, Oregon. 1963
2 1474
Vegetation mosaic. Eriogonum heracleoides-Festuca idahoensis Pseudotsuga
Bridesville, British Columbia. 1963
2 1475
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum; young stand used for population analysis
Northwest of Richland, Washington. 1963
2 1476
Artemisia tridentata/Poa secunda
Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1963 May 20
2 1477
Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] on lithosoal
South of Colfax, Washington. 1963 May 27
2 1478
Pinus ponderosa at lower timberline
East of Kooskia, Idaho. 1963
2 1479
Grayia/Poa secunda, virgin stand studied
West of Vernita, Washington. 1963
2 1480
Purshia/Stipa comata, virgin stand
6 miles south-southeast of Othello, Washington. 1963 June 21
2 1481
Edge of burn in Artemisia trid./Agropyron
West of Pasco, Washington. 1963 June 24
2 1482
Stone nets in Eriogonum douglasii/Poa secunda
1 mile West of Cleveland, Washington. 1963
2 1483
Agropyron spicatum/Poa secunda [bunchgrass/Sandberg bluegrass], south slope of loess
Near Walker, Washington. 1963 June 16
2 1484
Ungrazed basalt butte with Bromus tectorum [cheatgrass] and Draba verna [spring draba]
East of Sprague, Washington. 1963
2 1485
Zones about saline alkali pond
North of Saint John, Washington. 1963 June 19
2 1486
Rhus glabra/Agropyron spicatum, Big Canyon Creek on Snake River, 2550 feet
North of Pittsburgh Landing, Idaho. 1963 July 02
2 1487
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos in cemetery
South of Kamiak Butte, Washington. 1963 June 23
2 1488
Pinus/Physocarpus islands at lower timberline
West of Whitebird, Idaho. 1963
2 1489
Distinct size classes in Pinus ponderosa/Festuca stand
South of Spokane, Washington. 1963
2 1490
Pinus/Stipa comata
East of Deep Creek, Washington. 1963 July 08
2 1491
Pseudotsuga/Calamagrostis rubescens
Union Peak, Montana. 1963
2 1492
Thuja/Athyrium filix-foemina, Deadhorse Creek site
Clearwater National Forest, Idaho. 1963 July 24
2 1493
Abies lasiocarpa/Menziesia with Jane 48 inches tall
3 miles south of Newman Peak, Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1963
2 1494
Abies lasiocarpa/Menziesia site
Shoshone County, Idaho. 1963 July 19
2 1495
Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus albicaulis at 6000 feet on state divide
South of Saltese, Montana. 1963
2 1496
Old Tsuga heterophylla (1) being replaced by Abies amabilis (right), 4000 feet
Mount Baker, Washington. 1963
2 1497
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata on Saddle Mountain
South of Smyrna, Washington. 1963
2 1498
Excluding elk for 35 years allowed Amelanchier and Purshia to grow tall inside exclosure
Hoback Canyon, Wyoming. 1963
2 1499
Creek
below Pacific Springs, Wyoming. 1963 September 01
2 1500
Overland Trail on Laramie Road. Juniperus communis, Pinus flexilis, Artemisia tridentata vaseyana, Festuca kingii invading the Trail, with Artemisia tripartita rupicola and Festuca kingii dominant on either side
10 miles east of Laramie, Wyoming. 1963 September 01
2 1501
Pinus flexilis, Artemilia tripartita rupicola and Festuca kingii on summit of Laramie Range
10 miles east of Laramie, Wyoming. 1963
2 1502
Bursera hindsiana
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
2 1503
Bursera microphylla
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
2 1504
Valley floor: Pachycereus pringlei, Bursera spp., Opuntia bigelovii, Franseria dumosa
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
2 1505
Pachycereus pringlei (left), Carnegiea (center), Lemaireocereus thurberi (right), with Larrea, Olneya, Cercidium microphyllum, Opuntia fulgida, and Encelia farinosa
East of Libertad, Mexico. 1963
2 1506
Encelia farinosa dominant where other desert plants have been grubbed off road right-of-way (Lemaireocereus thurberi, Larrea, Olneya, etc.)
Sonora, Mexico. 1963
2 1507
Opuntia bigelovii
Libertad, Mexico. 1963 December 01
2 1508
Idria columnaris
Libertad, Mexico. 1963 December 01
2 1509
Idria columnaris
Libertad, Mexico. 1963 December 01
2 1510
Duplicate of Shreve photo (original in 1918)
South of Libertad, Mexico. 1963
2 1511
Atriplex barcleyana and Frankenia palmeri beside ocean
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
2 1512
Larrea
Death Valley, California. 1963
2 1513
Atriplex with bare playa beyond
North of Baker, California. 1963
2 1514
Virtually bare land
Death Valley, California. 1963
2 1515
Washingtonia filifera, outpost at extreme edge of range
Palm State Park, Arizona. 1963
2 1516
Yucca brevifolia, Larrea, Franseria dumosa, elevation 3600 feet
Near Searchlight, Nevada. 1963
2 1517
Yucca brevifolia, Larrea, Franseria dumosa, elevation 3600 feet
West of Searchlight, Nevada. 1963
2 1518
Fouquieria splendens in flower and leaf
Near Yuma, Arizona. 1963
2 1519
Shrubs off Wawawai Canyon; repeat of #1173 taken 10 years later
Eastern Washington. 1962 July 03
2 1520
Eriogonum microthecum stand (easternmost, along Snake River)
Washington State University. 1964 May 30
2 1521
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron stand with nearly all Agrop. grazed out
Schrag, Washington. 1964 June 06
2 1522
Eriogonum sphaerocephalum stand
West of Odessa, Washington. 1964 June 07
2 1523
Agropyron spicatum plant 10 months after burning
10 miles West of Kiona, Washington. 1964 June 11
2 1524
Pinus ponderosa reproduction
South edge of Cheney, Washington. 1964
2 1525
Pseudotsuga/Physocarpus forest confined to thin soil and southwest exposure
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1964
2 1526
Pinus ponderosa/Festuca idahoensis stand, with Arceuthobium on tree
Spokane, Washington. 1964
2 1527
Edge of burn (next spring); Art. tripartita, Festuca line in burned area
Near Grand Coulee Dam, Washington. 1964 April 27
2 1528
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand 28 years after fire, with young shrubs well established but still small
Cole Creek, Richland, Washington. 1964
2 1529
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata first spring after fire
7 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1964 May 19
2 1530
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata first spring after fire showing coverage frame and sighting device for basal frequencey
7 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1964 May 19
2 1531
Eriogonum microthecum [slender buckwheat] stand
1.5 miles east of mouth of Steptoe Canyon, Whitman County, Washington. 1964 May 30
2 1532
Rhus glabra stands on slope
Southwest of Julietta, Washington. 1964 August 21
2 1533
Rhus glabra stands on slope
Southwest of Julietta, Washington. 1964 August 21
2 1534
Agropyron-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] lithosolic profile of lithosol
Colfax, Washington. 1964 July 12
2 1535
Pseudotsuga-Physocarpus-Symphoricarpos islands in steppe
Tollgate, Oregon. 1964
2 1536
Alternation of Pseudotsuga forest with steppe
Tollgate, Oregon. 1964
2 1537
Pinus-Symphoricarpos stand (#F68)
Kennedy Rd., Idaho. 1964
2 1538
Pinus-Physocarpos stand (#F44)
Southwest of Potlatch (northesast of Kennedy Fd.), Idaho. 1964
2 1539
Abies lasiocarpa-Pachistima (stand #155)
Saint Joe Baldy, near Saint Maries, Idaho. 1964
2 1540
Abies lasiocarpa-Menziesia (stand # )
Boston Mountain Trail, east of Elk City, Idaho. 1964
2 1541
Acer macrophyllum-Alnus rubra-Polystichum-Selaginella
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1964
2 1542
Three years after start of use of irrigation canal 18 inches deep, Typha latifolia is well started toward clogging the flow of water
South of Ephrata, Washington. 1964
2 1543
Scene overlooking canopy of monsoonal forest
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1544
Curatella savanna on dry knob sticking up above monsoonal forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1545
Curatella americana savanna with Stipa and Andropogoneae
Near Terraba, Puntarenas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1546
Umbrella-form on caopy common in seral trees of rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1547
Forest about 90% deciduous in dry season
Ganas, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1548
Recently abandoned field in rainforest, now dominated by Ceiba pentandra and Ochroma lagopus
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1549
Buttressed tree base in virgin rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1550
Laguncularia Racemosa Swamp
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1551
Looped roots of mangrove shrub
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1552
Interior of Rhizophora mangrove stand at low tide
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1553
Interior of swamp forest in dry season: Raphia, Carapa slateri, Symphonia globulifera, Mora oleifera
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1554
Bryophytes thickly covering only water-bearing layers of sedimentary strata
Talamanca Range, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1555
Raindrop erosion of soil following removal of rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1556
Buttressed base of rainforest tree
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1557
Interior of rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1558
Subalpine scrub near summit of Volcan Poas, dominated by Pernettia coriacea, Vaccinium consanguineum, Myrica phanerodonta, Clusia, Myridendrum donnell-smithii
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1559
Epiphytic bromeliads in Montane Rainforest
Talamanca Range, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1560
Cyathea in Montane Rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1561
Pattern of shifting agriculture, Montane Rainforest with some of slope = 45%
Border of Heredia-Alahuela border, on Rio La Paz, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1562
Interior of #1558 [Subalpine scrub near summit of Volcan Poas, dominated by Pernettia coriacea, Vaccinium consanguineum, Myrica phanerodonta, Clusia, Myridendrum donnell-smithii]
Costa Rica. 1965
2 1563
No description
2 1564
Ceiba pentandra with llanas
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1565
Montane Rainforest partly cleared for agriculture
25 kilometers south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1566
P.W. Richards in virgin Montane Rainforest
47.5 kilometers south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965 February
2 1567
Exterior of #1566 [P.W. Richards in virgin Montane Rainforest]
47.5 kilometers south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965 February
2 1568
Disturbed Montane Rainforest
25 miles south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1569
Goethalsia meiantha dominant on field 45 years after abandonment, Robert Godfrey
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1570
Group in virgin rainforest
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1571
Agricultural clearings in rainforest
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1572
Field 16 years after abandonment. The first tree invader, Trema micrantha has died out and only 1 climax tree species has appeared. Trees to 20 inches DBM in photo. Heliocarpus phyramidalis and Cecropia abundant now. G. Budowski
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965 February
2 1573
Field 16 years after abandonment. The first tree invader, Trema micrantha has died out and only 1 climax tree species has appeared. Trees to 20 inches DBM in photo. Heliocarpus phyramidalis and Cecropia abundant now. G. Budowski
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965 February
2 1574
Exterior of forest in #1569 [Goethalsia meiantha dominant on field 45 years after abandonment, Robert Godfrey]
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1575
Raphia taedigera swamp bordering the Moin River. Raphia leaves to 50 feet tall
East coast of Costa Rica. 1965
2 1576
Phizophora mangle and Conocarpus erecta swamp along Moin River
East coast of Costa Rica. 1965
2 1577
Interior of #1575, along trail. Jesus Idrobo and _____
East coast of Costa Rica. 1965
2 1578
Tall Rhizophora mangle with stilt roots at low tide
Moin River, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1579
No description
2 1580
Tangle of llanas in tiny opening in virgin rainforest
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1581
No description
2 1582
Rainforest felled and ready to burn
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1583
Ceiba pentandra with llanas
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1584
No description
2 1585
Dry forest about 1/3 deciduous in Upper Virilla River, Valley early in dry season
Near Villa Colon, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1586
Edge of dry forest early in dry eason
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1587
Fire-scarred bases of trees in dry forest region
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1588
Savanna just above high tide: Cereus, Opuntia, Agave, Plumeria, Bursera simaruba
Coco, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1589
Savanna derived by fire then maintained by grazing, in dry forest region
Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1590
Daubenmires on beach
El Coco, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1965 March 01
2 1591
Zonation of crytograms on bole of Roystonia, densest growth on seaward side
Limon, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1592
Scheelea swamp forest with taller evergreen dicot trees, in dry season
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1593
Scheelea swamp forest with taller evergreen dicot trees, in dry season
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1594
Buttressed tree base in #1592
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
2 1595
Alnus rubra on upper stream terrace
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1965
2 1596
Eriogonum niveum-Poa secunda [snow buckwheat-Sandberg bluegrass] on lithosol above Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass]
Hooper, Washington. 1965
2 1597
Tiny exclosure against elk
Blue Mountains, Washington. 1965
2 1598
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis stand, Davis Canyon
North of Brewster, Washington. 1965 June 23
2 1599
Rings of shrubs around talus
Grand Coulee Dam, Washington. 1965 June 22
3 1600
Artemisia tripartita/Agropyron spicatum stand in Davis Canyon
North of Brewster, Washington. 1965 June 23
3 1601
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stands studied
North edge of Brewster, Washington. 1965 June 23
3 1602
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand, 6 days after fire
South of Othello, Washington. 1965 June 15
3 1603
Aristida longiseta/Poa secunda stand at cemetery - no grazing indicators!)
Asotin, Washington. 1965 June 12
3 1604
Aristida longiseta/Poa secunda stand at cemetery - no grazing indicators!)
Asotin, Washington. 1965 June 12
3 1605
Populus tremuloides/Symphoricarpos ecotone with Artemilia tripartita/Festuca idahoensis completely different species lists
Northwest of Riverside, Washington. 1965 June 23
3 1606
Grangeville burn site #F9. See 1403-406 1984-5
Grangeville, Idaho. 1965 July 01
3 1607
Thuja/Pachistima stand in Deviti Memorial Grove, stand #170
Near Powell Ranger Station, Idaho. 1965 July 27
3 1608
Pseudotsuga-Tsuga heterophylla-Polystichum. 800 year old stand
East slope of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1965
3 1609
Pseudotsuga-Tsuga heterophylla-Polystichum. 800 year old stand
East slope of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1965
3 1610
Pinus contorta near shore on west side
Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1965
3 1611
Clonal patches of woody plants on exposed mountain slope
Olympic National Park, Washington. 1965
3 1612
Clonal thicket of Abies lasiocarpa on windswept mountain summit
Olympic National Park, Washington. 1965
3 1613
Alternating patches of forest and tundra
Olympic National Park, Washington. 1965
3 1614
Excessive utilization of Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum stand
South of Wallula, Washington. 1965 September 01
3 1615
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos stand F87
2.5 miles north of Fairfield, Washington. 1967
3 1616
Phlox longifolia associated with Agropyron spicatum in consequence of heavy jackrabbit browsing
Kiona, Washington. 1966
3 1617
Artemisia tridentata seedling years after fire in Art. trid./Stipa comata stand. Charred stump at base of stake 7 cm in diameter.
Brewster, Washington. 1966 June 23
3 1618
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis stand in Davis Canyon (# )
Davis Canyon. 1966 June 23
3 1619
Eurotia-Poa secunda stand 10 years after complete protection from grazing
Yakima Chief Ranger Station, Yakima Indian Reservation, Washington. 1966 June 22
3 1620
Rhus glabra/Sporobolus cryptandrus stand. Rhus badly winterkilled
Lower Grand Ronde Valley, Oregon. 1966 April 13
3 1621
Rhus glabra/Agropyron spicatum stand. Rhus badly winterkilled. Road cut shows stoniness of soil
Lower Grand Ronde Valley, Oregon. 1966 April 13
3 1622
Eriogonum microthecum-Physaria oregona [slender buckwheat-Oregon twinpod] stand
Near Wilma, Whitman County, Washington. 1966 June 01
3 1623
Grassland preserve on WSU campus
Pullman, Washington. 1966 June 17
3 1624
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] mosaic
South of Albion, Washington. 1966 June 17
3 1625
Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] (lithosolic) on right, above Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] (and Crataegus douglasii-Symphoricarpos [black hawthorn-snowberry] fragments)
unknown. 1966
3 1626
Pinus ponderosa-Agropyon spicatum (stand # )
Spokane County, Washington. 1966 June 03
3 1627
Pseudotsuga replacing Quercus garryana
Oakland, Oregon. 1966 April 01
3 1628
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana with Gaultheria shallon at base
Coquille River Valley, Coast Range, Oregon. 1966
3 1629
Alnus rubra stand
Near Lincoln City, Oregon. 1966 April 01
3 1630
Mudflow of 1947 that killed conifer forest, being invaded by Populus tridhocarpa
Mount Rainier National Park, Washington. 1966 June 01
3 1631
Showing Rubus spectabilis discontinuous fringe just above beach, with Picea sitchensis-Alnus rubra on slope
Cape Alava, Washington. 1966 June 01
3 1632
Showing Elymus on sand at upper edge of beach, with Rubus spectabilis thicket behind, then Picea sitchensis-Alnus rubra
Cape Alava, Washington. 1966 June 01
3 1633
Interior of Picea sitchensis-Polystichum munitum association on steep scarp facing sea
Cape Alava, Washington. 1966 June 01
3 1634
Picea sitchensis forest being overwhelmed by coastal dune
Oregon. 1966
3 1635
Picea sitchensis
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1966
3 1636
Pseudotsuga with understory of Thuja and Tsuga heterphylla
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1966
3 1637
Thuja-Oplopanax
Roosevelt Grove, Pend Oreille County, Washington. 1966
3 1638
Scabland with lithosolic Agropyron-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass], and cultivated loessal hills in back
Ewan, Washington. 1966
3 1639
Jackson Hole: Art. trident. vaseyana; Aspen, Lodgepole pine
Lookout Mountain, Wyoming. 1968
3 1640
Jackson Hole: Art. trident. vaseyana; Aspen, Lodgepole pine
Lookout Mountain, Wyoming. 1968
3 1641
Art. trid. vaseyana; Aspen, Pseud.; Abies las.; Tundra
West slope of Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
3 1642
Art. trid. vaseyana in swale; Aspen on south-facing slope; Picea en. and Abies lasiocarpa on north facing slope
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
3 1643
Climax Populus tremuloides stand. R. Reed's stand 9A (Rock Creed)
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
3 1644
Pure stand of Pinus flexilis, subalpine zone; climax
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
3 1645
Purshia tridentata growing appressed to rock surface
Pinedale, Wyoming. 1968
3 1646
Pinus ponderosa-Stipa
Washington. 1966
3 1647
Pinus ponderosa-Stipa
Washington. 1966
3 1648
Pinus ponderosa-Stipa
Washington. 1966
3 1649
Pinus ponderosa-Agropyron spicatum
Spokane County, Washington. 1966 June 03
3 1650
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] mosaic
South of Albion, Washington. 1966 June 17
3 1651
Lime layer in steppe soil profile
Steptoe Canyon, Whitman County, Washington. 1966
3 1652
Eriogonum microthecum-Physaria oregona [slender buckwheat-Oregon twinpod] stand
Near Wilma, Whitman County, Washington. 1966
3 1653
Eriogonum microthecum-Physaria oregona [slender buckwheat-Oregon twinpod] stand
Near Wilma, Whitman County, Washington. 1966
3 1654
Snowslide with Alnus
Kootenai Park, British Columbia. 1965 (?)
3 1655
Phlox longifolia associated with Agropyron spicatum in consequence of heavy jackrabbit browsing
Kiona, Washington. 1965
3 1656
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos stand (F87)
Fairfield, Washington. 1965 June 01
3 1657
Subalpine meadow. Alpine turf in foreground with Deschampsia caespitosa, Carex ebenea, Phleum alpinum, Antennaria. A=8 inches thick
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
3 1658
Picea engelmanni and Pinus albicaulis invasion of subalpine meadow since 1915 photo
South Fork Guard Station, Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
3 1659
Deschampsia caespitosa has invaded old sheep trails in consequence of reduced use. Timberline
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
3 1660
Sink holes formed by water moving along channels in gravelly subsoil. Eventually become a surface drainage course, subalpine
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
3 1661
Subalpine meadow. Sheep have denuded slopes, and avoided wet meadow on bottom of swale
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
3 1662
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] steppe with Symphoricarpos [snowberry] and Prunus [plum] thickets
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1966 October 01
3 1663
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] steppe with Symphoricarpos [snowberry] and Prunus [plum] thickets
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1966 October 01
3 1664
Artemisia californicum
Laguna Beach, California. 1966
3 1665
No description - Missing
3 1666
Students examining bats in mouth of cave
Near San Jose, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1667
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1668
Forest interior
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1669
Edge of forest where cleared for pasture
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1670
Termite tunnels and nest
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1671
Tip of deciduous tree alive and cambium at base living after hot fire
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1672
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1673
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1674
Young Acacia costaricensis with ant-cleared areas about them
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1675
Interior of evergreen gallery forest
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1676
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1677
Sterculea apetala in partially cleared gallery forest
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1678
Monsoonal forest in wet season
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1679
Interior of montane rainforest - Missing
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1967
3 1680
Patch-cut-and-burn forest - Missing
Snoqualmie National Forest, Washington. 1967
3 1681
Nisqually Valley from site of previous photo (# )
Washington. 1967 August 01
3 1682
Nisqually Valley but looking downstream
Washington. 1967 August 01
3 1683
Alnus sinuata and Abies colonizing glacial drift directly
Nisqually Valley, Washington. 1967
3 1684
Erophorum in bog
West of Ozette, Washington.
3 1685
Thuja roots bared by erosion along train
West of Ozette, Washington. 1967
3 1686
No description
3 1687
No description
3 1688
Pinus contorta invading meadow
1.4 miles south of Island Lake Campground, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1967 August 01
3 1689
Pinus contorta-Vaccinium scoparium-Carex geyeri
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1967
3 1690
Pinus contorta-Vaccinium scoparium
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1967
3 1691
Erosional and depositional sectors of beach
Jackson Lake, Tieton National Park, Wyoming. 1967
3 1692
Kettle pond: Cares, Salix, Pinus contorta-Abies lasiocarpa
Tieton National Park, Wyoming. 1967
3 1693
Populus/Eleagnus-Shepherdia-Rosa
Gros Ventre River, Wyoming. 1967
3 1694
Old lava flow with Artemisia spp. and Purshia; soil with Artemisia spp. and grasses
West of Arco, Idaho. 1967
3 1695
Plants invading pahoehoe
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
3 1696
Eriogonum and Phacelia on volcanic cinders
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
3 1697
Pinus flexilis on ash and aa.
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
3 1698
Bare aa. - Missing
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
3 1699
Association fragment of aspen community
Challis National Forest, Idaho. 1967
3 1700
Invasion of talus
Challis National Forest, Idaho. 1967
3 1701
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos stand F87
2.5 miles north of Fairfield, Washington. 1967
3 1702
Pseudotsuga-Physocarpus climax. Recently but bisect
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1967
3 1703
Abies lasiocarpa-Xerophyllum climax
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1967
3 1704
Abies lasiocarpa-Menziesia climax
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1967
3 1705
Vegetation mosaic: Artemisia vaseyana, Populus tre., Abies lasiocarpa forest
Stanley Basin, Idaho. 1967
3 1706
Climax Abies lasiocarpa forest
Galena Summit, Idaho. 1967
3 1707
Interfingering at lower timberline
Little Lost River, Idaho. 1967
3 1708
Twin Buttes as seen from a little south: Artemisia trid., Agropyron spicatum, Orqzopsis hymenoides, Sitanion hysterix
Arco, Idaho. 1968
3 1709
Monumnet marking site of original Fort Hall. Scirpus slough to left. Chrysothamnus nauseosus and Elymus cinereus in foreground; Sarcobatus at middle distance on right; Salix tall scrub in distance
Idaho. 1968
3 1710
Mountain meadow unspoiled by overgrazing
Snowslide Canyon, 10 miles east of Montpelier, Idaho. 1968
3 1711
Populus tremuloides stand
Idaho. 1968
3 1712
Pseudotsuga invasion of Artemisia vaseyana park. Tree at lower left germinated in 1929
Granite Hills north-northeast of Montpelier, Idaho. 1968
3 1713
Smoke umbrella from mill forming during temperature inversion
Afton, Wyoming. 1968
3 1714
Abies lasiocarpa thickets.
Headwaters of Gray's River, Wyoming. 1968
3 1715
Succession from Pinus contorta to Abies lasiocarpa retarted by excessive deer browsing in winter
Gray's River, Wyoming. 1968
3 1716
Populus angustifolia/Rosa-Eleagnus on stream terrace
Near Wilson, Wyoming. 1968
3 1717
Populus angustifolia/Rosa-Eleagnus on stream terrace
Near Wilson, Wyoming. 1968
3 1718
Abies lasiocarpa invading Pinus contorta in Vaccinium scoparium site
Northwest of Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. 1968
3 1719
Salix carr and wet meadow in Artemisia trid. vaseyana zone
Beaverhead National Forest, Montana. 1968
3 1720
Pinus flexilis-Juniperus scopulorum on steep rock slope at lower timberline
Ruby River, Gallatin National Forest, Montana. 1968
3 1721
Pinus flexilis-Juniperus scopulorum
East of Dillon, Montana. 1968
3 1722
Pinus flexilis
East of Dillon, Montana. 1968
3 1723
Grangeville burn site #F9
Grangeville, Idaho. 1968
3 1724
Grangeville burn site #F10
Grangeville, Idaho. 1968
3 1725
Populus/Cicuta
Lapwai Creek, south of Lapwai, Idaho. 1968 July 12
3 1726
Abies lasiocarpa-Xerohphyllum climax
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1968
3 1727
6 year old Populus tremuloides seedling
Wisconsin. 1968
3 1728
Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] stand
West of Kahlotus, Washington. 1968
3 1729
Juniperus occidentalis in dunes
East of Pasco, Washington. 1968
3 1730
Juniperus occidentalis in dunes surviving covering with sand
East of Pasco, Washington. 1968
3 1731
Rumex venosus on lees slope of active dune
East of Pasco, Washington. 1968
3 1732
Eriogonum microthecum with scattered Agropyron spicatum to left (stand 179) with Sporobolus, Eriogonum niveum and Chrysothamnus to right
Washington. 1968
3 1733
Celtis douglasii stand on alluvial fan
Alpowa Creek, Washington. 1968
3 1734
Celtis douglasii stand on alluvial fan
Alpowa Creek, Washington. 1968
3 1735
Dune succession: Hudsonia -> Pinus banksiana -> Quercus ellipsoidalis and Q. macrocarpa
1 mile north of Millston, Wisconsin. 1968
3 1736
Advancing edge of Hudsonia
1 mile north of Millston, Wisconsin. 1968
3 1737
Quercus macrocarpa-Rosa acicularis relic on southwest shoulder of stony moraine. Q. = stump sprouts from repeated burning to 12 cm DBH x m tall
18 miles West of Fort Williams, Ontario. 1968
3 1738
Logging road through Pseudotsuga-Physocarpus stand
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1968
3 1739
Eriogonum niveum-poa secunda (stand 175)
Washington. 1968
3 1740
Two-age stand of fire-follower trees. Larix above, Larix-P. contorta-P. monticola-Larix-Thuja-Tsuga below
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1968
3 1741
Easternmost stand of Artemisia tridentata-Festuca [threetip sagebrush-fescue]
West of Hooper, Washington. 1968
3 1742
Pinus taeda being replaced by Quercus-Carya-Liquidambar, with cleared area in foreground
Crockett, Texas. 1968
3 1743
8 year old burn in Abies lasiocarpa forest
Lost Trail Pass, Montana-Idaho border. 1968
3 1744
Grass park surrounded by P. ponderosa
North of Lost Trail Pass, Montana-Idaho border. 1968
3 1745
Steppe at east end of Gooseneck Ridge
Asotin County, Washington. 1968 August 28
3 1746
Steppe at east end of Gooseneck Ridge
Asotin County, Washington. 1968 August 28
3 1747
Elymus cinereus-Distichlis [basin wildrye-saltgrass] stand
East of Dusty, Washington. 1968
3 1748
Steppe preserve on WSU campus
Pullman, Washington. 1968 September 22
3 1749
Decadent Populus tremuloides [quaking aspen] with Crataegus douglasii [black hawthorn] and Heracleum [cowparsnip] beneath. Shawnee.
Northwest of Pullman, Washington. 1968
3 1750
Decadent Populus tremuloides [quaking aspen] with Crataegus douglasii [black hawthorn] and Heracleum [cowparsnip] beneath. Shawnee.
Northwest of Pullman, Washington. 1968
3 1751
Salix [willow] discolor flowering with soil still snow-covered
Pullman, Washington. 1969 March 23
3 1752
Juniperus-Artemisia tridentata
Caliente, Nevada. 1970
3 1753
Juniperus-Artemisia tridentata
Caliente, Nevada. 1970
3 1754
Yucca brevifolia. Rich shrub layer
South of Oak Springs Summit, Nevada. 1970
3 1755
Yucca scheidegeri
North of Las Vegas, Nevada. 1970
3 1756
Yucca
North of Wickenburg, Arizona. 1970
3 1757
Prosopis-Opuntia/grass. Shrubs increased at expense of grass
45 miles north of Nogales, Arizona. 1970
3 1758
Prosopis-Opuntia/grass. Shrubs increased at expense of grass
20 miles north of Nogales, Arizona. 1970
3 1759
Prosopis-Opuntia/grass. Shrubs increased at expense of grass. Badly overgrazed
7 miles south of Nogales, Mexico. 1970
3 1760
Desert with organ-pipe cactus
10 miles north of Guaymas, Mexico. 1970
3 1761
Microphyllous thorn scrub
South of Navajoa, Mexico. 1970
3 1762
Microphyllous thorn scrub
29 miles south of Sinaloa border, Mexico. 1970
3 1763
Microphyllous thorn scrub
57 miles south of Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico. 1970
3 1764
Maximal microphyllous thorn scrub
North of Culiacan, Mexico. 1970
3 1765
Maximal microphyllous thorn scrub
North of Culiacan, Mexico. 1970
3 1766
Curatella-Brysonima savanna
South of Tuxpan junction to Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
3 1767
Palm savanna
23 miles east of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
3 1768
Mangrove swamp
San Blas, Mexico. 1970
3 1769
Mangrove swamp
San Blas, Mexico. 1970
3 1770
Mangrove swamp
San Blas, Mexico. 1970
3 1771
Palm savanna, apparently fire climax derived from deciduous forest
25 miles east of San Blas, Mexico. 1970
3 1772
Climatic savanna: Platyopuntia, Cylindropuntia - deciduous shrub/grass
52 miles southeast of Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
3 1773
Savanna
Southeast of Magdalena, Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
3 1774
Pine-grass apparently derived from Quercus forest
29 miles east of Zamora, Mexico. 1970
3 1775
Quercus/shrub forest
39 miles West of Moreli, Mexico. 1970
3 1776
Quercus/grass forest
38 miles West of Morelia, Mexico. 1970
3 1777
Abies religiosa in ravine in Quercus-Pinus forest
28 miles east of Morelia, Mexico. 1970
3 1778
Pure Abies religiosa forest
20 miles east of Toluca, Mexico. 1970
3 1779
Aa with Agave spp. and umbe. in oak-pine zone
30 miles south of Mexico City, Mexico. 1970
3 1780
Open forest on older lava
35 miles south of Mexico City, Mexico. 1970
3 1781
Microphyllous thorn scrub with Plumeria
70 miles south-southWest of Puebla, Mexico. 1970
3 1782
Microphyllous thorn scrub in leaf
150 miles south of Puebla, Mexico. 1970
3 1783
Swollen base of savanna shrub
120 miles northWest of Oaxaca, Mexico. 1970
3 1784
Savanna
30 miles southeast of Oaxaca, Mexico. 1970
3 1785
Deciduous forest
Puente Siguacan, Guatemala. 1970
3 1786
Shifting agriculture
El Salvador. 1970
3 1787
Corn and bean field on recently cleared forest land
Nicaragua. 1970
3 1788
Coffee under dense shade of old forest trees
Nicaragua. 1970
3 1789
Tree silhouette
Nicaragua. 1970
3 1790
Cecropia pelata, stilt roots
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1791
Road cut with Hyparrhenia
Finca La Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1792
Exclosure
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1793
Exclosure
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1794
Acacia farnesiana in overgrazed savanna
7.8 miles West of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1795
Crescential alata. flowers and fruits
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1796
Curatella to right of stake, Byrsonia on left, invading recently denuded tuff, with deciduous forest on deep soil behind. Major herb Stylosanthes
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1797
Curatella to right of stake, Byrsonia on left, invading recently denuded tuff, with deciduous forest on deep soil behind. Major herb Stylosanthes
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1798
Sloanea quadrivalvis along river
Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1799
0.5x2 meter plot of Hyparrhenia just after clipping to show pedestals
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1800
Fencepost with epiphytes in montane rainforest
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1801
Interior of montane rainforest
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1802
Interior of montane rainforest
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1803
Epiphytes in montane rainforest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1804
Epiphytes in montane rainforest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1805
Sloanea ternifolia along river
Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1806
Riparian forest
Finca La Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1807
Shrubby type of derived savanna
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1808
Semi-deciduous forest being converted to savanna with Hyparrhenia
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1809
Tobacco on steep slope in montane rainforest
Palmares, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1810
Shrubs recently cut back with machete
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1811
Paspalum notatum savanna developed in absence of burning
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 October 28
3 1812
Savanna
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1813
Drop roots from liana in semi-deciduous forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1814
Well managed Hyparrhenia savanna
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1815
Corner post of exclosure in center. Heavily grazed spot outside exclosure in center
Canas, Costa Rica. 1969 December 02
3 1816
Corner post of exclosure in center. Heavily grazed spot outside exclosure in center
Canas, Costa Rica. 1969 December 02
3 1817
Oplismenus persisting under savanna trees, but replaced by Hyparrhenia beyond drip line
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1818
Sterculea apetala buttresses
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1819
Ficus in derived savanna
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1820
Hyparrhenia at maximum development
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 December 07
3 1821
Curatella savanna; thinnest soil in center with Aristida and Stipa, with broad marginal belt of Hyparrhenia on pumice
Had. Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970 December 07
3 1822
Overgrazed savanna on thin soil over old lava flower. Aristida and Stylosanthes dominant in drained areas; ..... in wet.
7.8 miles West of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1823
Overgrazed savanna on thin soil over old lava flower. Aristida and Stylosanthes dominant in drained areas; ..... in wet.
7.8 miles West of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1824
Savanna across road from above, lightly grazed
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1825
Savanna across road from above, lightly grazed
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1826
Edge of overgrazed savanna on thin soil, with deciduous forest on deeper soil behind
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1827
Curatella savanna
11 miles south of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1828
Oplismenus persisting under trees, with Hyparrhenia elsewhere
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1829
Zebu in savanna
South of Esparta, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1830
Savanna, derived savanna
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1831
Semi-deciduous forest on thin stony soil
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1832
Buttresses on Brosimum
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1833
Brassarola on tree trunk
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1834
Hyparrhenia burned with backfire early in dry season, with only surface litter consumed
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 January 26
3 1835
Hyparrhenia burned with backfire early in dry season, with only surface litter consumed
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 January 26
3 1836
Byrsonima silhouette on tuff
11 miles south of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1837
Lianas, including Bauhinia, semi-deciduous forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1838
Montane rainforest landscape with slash-and-burn agriculture
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1839
Epiphytic bromeliad on Enterolobium
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1840
Cecropia pelata, stilt roots
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1841
Epiphytes in montane rainforest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1842
Banana leaves shredded by wind
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1843
Sapranthus pallanda showing cauliflory
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1844
Wind-distribution of litter in semi-deciduous forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1845
Interior of semi-deciduous forest where diagram was made with Bombacopsis
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1846
Interior of semi-deciduous forest where diagram was made with Bombacopsis
Estacion Experimental Enrique Jimenez, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 March 03
3 1847
Rootsprouts excavated from exclosure area. Lonchocarpus minimiflorus (left), Albizzia adenocephala, Hippocratea obovata, Tabebuia chrysantha, Jacquinia (right)
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1848
Fire scarred savanna trees
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1849
Early stage in savannization: 1 week after burn following loggin
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1850
Early stage in savannization: 1 week after burn following loggin
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1851
Backfire in savanna
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 March 31
3 1852
Backfire in savanna
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 March 31
3 1853
Exclosure the day after burning (Fire April 17)
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1854
Exclosure 4 days after burning
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1855
Exclosure 4 days after burning
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1856
Ficus buttresses in seasonal everygreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1857
Seasonal evergreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1858
Seasonal evergreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1859
Seasonal evergreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1860
Recently burned savanna on area once cultivated
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1861
Scheelia swamp
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1862
Riparian forest tree with Bauhinia liana
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1863
Riparian forest tree with Bauhinia liana
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1864
Curatella savanna on zonal soil
12 miles north of Esparta, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1865
Banner cloud over continental divide, from dry side
North of San Ramon, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1866
Repeat photo of interior of semi-deciduous forest studied
Costa Rica. 1970 June 10
3 1867
Strangler fig
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1868
Enterolobium cyclocarpum seedlings in cow dropping
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1869
Interior of semi-deciduous forest
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 June 16
3 1870
Interior of semi-deciduous forest
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 June 16
3 1871
Interior of semi-deciduous forest
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 June 16
3 1872
Acacia farnesiana-Crescentia-Acacia cornigera-Bromelia pinguin savanna on poorly drained soil
South of Ciudad Dario, Nicaragua. 1970
3 1873
Acacia farnesiana-Crescentia-Acacia cornigera-Bromelia pinguin savanna on poorly drained soil
South of Ciudad Dario, Nicaragua. 1970
3 1874
Corn planted on land newly cleared of Bursera-Plumeria, etc.
Nicaragua. 1970
3 1875
Canopy of semi-deciduous forest
North of La Libertad, El Salvador. 1970
3 1876
Montane Quercus forest with bromeliads and orchids
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
3 1877
Montane Quercus forest with bromeliads and orchids
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
3 1878
Cupressus stand in the mountains
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
3 1879
Cupressus stand in the mountains
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
3 1880
Quercus forest with few old Cupressus; altitude 7500 feet
West of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
3 1881
Land deforested for wheat production but now mostly abandoned and used for sheep grazing. High mountains near milepost 167
Guatemala. 1970
3 1882
Progeny about parent tree
Guatemala. 1970
3 1883
Very thin soil deforested for agriculture
South of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico. 1970
3 1884
Young stand of Pinus echinata
Sam Houston National Forest, Texas. 1970
3 1885
Fire-maintained Pinus echinata
Waverly, Texas. 1970
3 1886
Interior of Quercus (2 spp.)
Cary Forest, West of Livingston, Texas. 1970
3 1887
Fagus to left of stake, Magnolia grandiflora to right
Southwest of Alexandria, Louisianna. 1970
3 1888
Fagus to left of stake, Magnolia grandiflora to right
Southwest of Alexandria, Louisianna. 1970
3 1889
Arundinaria under Liquidambrar and Quercus marylandica
20 miles east of Naches, Mississippi. 1970
3 1890
Quercus laurifolia-Magnolia grandiflora forest on white sand. Some Carya here
South of Pensacola, Florida. 1970
3 1891
Quercus laevis (Q. laurifolia) climax on sand, with P. palustris seral
Camel Lake, 30 miles West of Tallahassee, Florida. 1970
3 1892
Pinus palustris-Serenoa
Osceola National Forest, Florida. 1970
3 1893
Sandhills with Pinus palustris, Quercus laevis, Aristia stricta
Osceola National Forest, Florida. 1970
3 1894
Pinus palustris with stump sprouts of Q. laevis and Q. nigra and Paspalum 4 years after mowing stopped
Near Ocala, Florida. 1970
3 1895
Pinus elliottii-Serenoa bark charred to 2 meters
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1970
3 1896
Young dense stand of Pinus clausa
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1970
3 1897
Lowland forest
Juniper Springs, Florida. 1970
3 1898
Lowland forest
Juniper Springs, Florida. 1970
3 1899
Lowland forest
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1970
3 1900
Quercus-Pinus forest with Agave and Juniperus in undergrowth
North of Comitan, Mexico. 1970
3 1901
Agave, ferns and bromeliads on Quercus
North of Comitan, Mexico. 1970
3 1902
Cloud forest epiphytes
Chiapas north of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico. 1970
3 1903
Hillside corn fields
Chiapas, Mexico. 1970
3 1904
Pinus teocote/grass forest
90 miles north of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico. 1970
3 1905
Semi-deciduous forest
North of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico. 1970
3 1906
Semi-deciduous forest alternating with pre grasslandon very thin soil, with Byrsonima at ecotone
North of Tapanatepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. 1970
3 1907
Curatella-Byrsonima savanna on thin soil
North of Tapanatepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. 1970
3 1908
Quercus falcata (large) and Q. velutina (smaller) also Carya and Liquidambar
25 miles south of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 1970
3 1909
Pueraria (kudzu) overwhelming forest
Yazoo, Mississippi. 1970
3 1910
Lowland broadleaf forest
Barge Lake, Delta National Forest, Mississippi. 1970
3 1911
Lowland broadleaf forest
Barge Lake, Delta National Forest, Mississippi. 1970
3 1912
Bird-desseminated row of Juniperus virginiana along fence
Arkansas. 1970
3 1913
Andropogon being invaded by Juniperus virg., Pinus echinata, Liquidambar, Rhus glabra on abandoned field
Ozark Mountains, Arkansas. 1970
3 1914
Quercus alba dwarfed and wind broken high in mountains. Cary here too.
Ozark Mountains, Arkansas. 1970
3 1915
Wind-dwarfed Quercus-Carya forest high in mountains
Ozark Mountains, Arkansas. 1970
3 1916
Taxodium swamp
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1970
3 1917
Taxodium swamp
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1970
3 1918
Taxodium swamp
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1970
3 1919
Taxodium swamp
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1970
3 1920
Pinus palsutris/Aristida
60 miles east of Tallahasse, Florida. 1970
3 1921
Taxodium ascendens swamp
East of Tallahasse, Florida. 1970
3 1922
Pueraria (kudzu) overwhelming forest
20 miles north of Selma, Alabama. 1970
3 1923
Fire-induced Andropogon grassland with Cornus drummondii, Blmus, Gleditsia and Populus deltoides in ravine
Flint Hills, Kansas. 1970
3 1924
Andropogon gerardi-Amorpha canescens and Psoralea tenuiflora
Flint Hills, Kansas. 1970
3 1925
Ravine with Quercus, Ulmus, Gleditsia, Celtis, etc.
Flint Hills, Kansas. 1970
3 1926
Ravine with Juglans nigra, Quercus prinoides and Platanus
Manhatten, Kansas. 1970
3 1927
Andropogon gerardi-Sorghastrum grassland with Ceanothus patch behind stake and Cornus drummondii patch in distance. Scattered Ulmus
Manhatten, Kansas. 1970
3 1928
Nearly pure stand of Andropogon gerardi developing with heavy litter where ungrazed, unmowed, and unburned (Hulbert's publication 1970)
Flint Hills, Kansas. 1970
3 1929
Bouteloua gracilis-B. curtipendila-Agropyron smithii on zonal soil (silty clay loam and non-calcareous, with Andropogon gerardi-A. scoparius-Bouteloua curt.-Rhus trilobata on stony soil calcareous to surface)
Hays, Kansas. 1970
3 1930
Yucca glauca in foreground, Rhus trilobata in distance on bluff
Hays, Kansas. 1970
3 1931
Pure Buchloe derived from Agropyron smithii-Buchloe-Bouteloua gracilis
Scott City, Kansas. 1970
3 1932
Artemisia filigolia with Calamagrostis gigantea
Syracuse, Kansas. 1970
3 1933
Muhlenbergia torreyi with double rings
Great Sand Dunes, Colorado. 1970
3 1934
Abies concolor-Pseudotsuga in ravine with Pinus cembroides-Juniperus on ridges
Great Sand Dunes, Colorado. 1970
3 1935
Interfingering of zones at lower timberline
Villa Grove, Colorado. 1970
3 1936
a, b, c repeats of # _____ taken
Colorado. 1970 August 01
3 1937
Ponderosa pine forest on mesa after grazing stopped
Boulder, Colorado. 1970 August 01
3 1938
Repeat of # ______ taken
Colorado. 1970 August 01
3 1939
Repeat of # ______ taken
Colorado. 1970 August 01
3 1940
Field abandoned over 30 years in steppe. Patch of Stipa comata and Buchlee to left of stake. Gutierrezia and Artemisia filifolia present
Nunn, Colorado. 1970
3 1941
Buchloe-Bouteloua gracilis-Opuntia
Near Nunn, Colorado. 1970
3 1942
Apparently climax Pinus contorta, 104 years old, 44 feet tall (one of Moir's study sites for publication)
Front Range, Colorado. 1970
3 1943
Kobresia myosuroides stand
Niwot Ridge, Colorado. 1970
3 1944
Abies lasiocarpa
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1970
3 1945
Rodent eskers at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1970
3 1946
Tip of Abies lasiocarpa in krummholz
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1970
3 1947
Abies lasiocarpa krummholz
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1970
3 1948
Pinus contorta invading subalpine meadow. Tree by stake around 20 years old
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1970
3 1949
Artemisia tridentata vaseyana, Populus tremuloides and Abies lasiocarpa communities
West of Encampment, Wyoming. 1970
3 1950
Cottonwood. Sarcobatus-Artemisia tridentata in foreground, Juniper-pinon on hills
Yampa River, Colorado. 1970
3 1951
Juniperus
Yampa River, Colorado. 1970
3 1952
Artemisia tridentata along drainageways crossing area with two communities of Artriplex
Manila, Utah. 1970
3 1953
Point where the Oregon Trail and the branch to Utah deverged. Figure is in middle of a 30 foot roadway now occupied by Gutierrezia and Artemisia tridentata, with only Artemisia on sides
West of Lander, Wyoming. 1970 August 01
3 1954
Pacific Springs with building of old Pony Express (1860), at head of the meadow
Wyoming. 1970
3 1955
Head of Pacific Springs with Pony Express buildings (1860) and Windriver Mountains in distance
Wyoming. 1970
3 1956
Artemisia tridentata-Stipa comata/Populus along river
South of Dubois, Wyoming. 1970
3 1957
Succession from graminoids to Salix carr behind meander loops of a creek
Wind River, Wyoming. 1970
3 1958
Landslide with Earthquake Lake and drowned forest
South of Ennis, Montana. 1970 August 13
3 1959
Thomomys-churning of soil in forest (Abies grandis) clearing
Blue Mountains, Washington. 1970
3 1960
Psoralea tenuiflora-Oryzopsis community of dunes
Hanford, Washington. 1970
3 1961
Transect of dune sere: Psoralea-Oryzopsis, Agropyron dasystachyum, Chrysothamnus nauseous, Purshia tridentata
Hanford, Washington. 1970
3 1962
Chrysothamnus nauseosus community
Hanford, Washington. 1970
3 1963
Purshia community
Hanford, Washington. 1970
3 1964
Agropyron dasystachyum
Hanford, Washington. 1970
3 1965
Psoralea-Oryzopsis community
Hanford, Washington. 1970
3 1966
Sapranthus pallanda showing cauliflory
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1967
Sapranthus pallanda showing cauliflory
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1968
Epiphytic cactus in phreatophytic savanna
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1969
Buttressed base of Ficus on floodplain
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1970
Young stand of Pinus echinata
Sam Houston National Forest, Texas. 1970
3 1971
Interior, semi-deciduous forest
Had. La Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1972
Simarouba glauca in Curatella savanna
11 miles south of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
3 1973
Wagon train following pioneer trail
Castle Rocks, Kansas. 1970 August 01
3 1974
Sapranthus pallanda showing cauliflory
Costa Rica. 1970
3 1975
Thorn scrub desert
Northeastern Mexico. 1970
3 1976
Quercus groves in Quercus forest-Prosopis svanna ecotone
Texas coastal plain. 1970
3 1977
Prosopis savanna
Texas coastal plain. 1970
3 1978
Pinus-Liquidambra forest
Sam Houston National Forest, Texas. 1970
3 1979
Quercus forest near western edge
Southeastern Texas. 1970
3 1980
Desert
Tamaulipas, Mexico. 1970
3 1981
Thorn scrub.
Tamaulipas, Mexico. 1970
3 1982
Thorn scrub
Tamaulipas, Mexico. 1970
3 1983
Diag gage dendrometer
unknown. 1971
3 1984
Grangeville burn study: F9 (a and b)
Grangeville, Idaho. 1971 July 14
3 1985
Grangeville burn study: F10 (a and b)
Grangeville, Idaho. 1971 July 14
3 1986
Fairy mushroom rings
Lewiston, Idaho. 1971 July 17
3 1987
Quercus gambellii zone
Farmington Canyon, east of Salt Lake City, Utah. 1971
3 1988
Banana leaves torn by wind
unknown. 1971
3 1989
Aspen with a little Abies lasiocarpa at timberline (around 9000 feet)
East of Salt Lake City, Utah. 1971
3 1990
Populus tremuloides, Pseudotsuga and Quercus gambellii
Strawberry Reservoir, east of Salt Lake, Utah. 1971
3 1991
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron stand
45 miles west-southWest of Twin Falls, Idaho. 1971 August 01
3 1992
Overland Trail on Laramie Road. Juniperus communis, Pinus flexilis, Artemisia tridentata vaseyana, Festuca kingii invading the Trail, with Artemisia tripartita rupicola and Festuca kingii dominant on either side
11.1 miles north of Saratoga, Wyoming. 1971 August 31
3 1993
Saline basin rimmed with Scirpus
2.1 miles north of Saratoga, Wyoming. 1971 August 31
3 1994
Saline basin rimmed with Scirpus
2.1 miles north of Saratoga, Wyoming. 1971 August 31
3 1995
Stipa comata steppe along Overland Trail
West of Laramie, Wyoming. 1971 August 31
3 1996
Pseudotsuga as seen from Royal Arch
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
3 1997
Another view of Pseudotsuga as seen from Royal Arch - Missing
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
3 1998
View of Pseudotsuga as seen from Royal Arch - Missing
Boulder, Colorado. 1970
3 1999
5 year old Picea sitchensis on fencepost - Missing
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1971
3 2000
Pinus ponderosa/Arctostaphylos uva-ursi in wilderness area
Northwest of Laramie Peak, Wyoming. 1971
3 2001
Pinus ponderosa/Arctostaphylos uva-ursi in wilderness area
Northwest of Laramie Peak, Wyoming. 1971
3 2002
Yellowstone river with Granite Peak (in Beartooth Mountains)
East of Columbus, Montana. 1971 September 04
3 2003
Madison River Buffalo Jump (Montana State Park) used for 2000 years but abandoned 200 years ago when horses cam into use. Bone midden to 60 feet deep. Bromus tectorum on midden; Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata on adjacent colluvium
West of Bozeman, Montana. 1971
3 2004
Lichens and moss on Quercus garryana
Coast Range, Oregon. 1971
3 2005
Pseudotsuga and Quercus garryana
15 miles west-northWest of Corvallis, Oregon. 1971
3 2006
Polystichin union in Tsuga heterophylla forest
Oregon Coast Range, northWest of Roseburg, Oregon. 1971
3 2007
Extensive clear-cut by International Paper Company on BLM land
Douglas County, Oregon. 1971
3 2008
Heavy Pteridium litter on deforested site
Western Oregon. 1971
3 2009
Pinus ponderosa-Pseudotsuga-Libocedrus on serpentine
North of Medford, Oregon. 1971
3 2010
Pseudotsuga menziesii-Pinus ponderosa and Cenothus cuneatus on serpentine
Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon. 1971
3 2011
Stand of Pseudotsuga-Libocedrus-Pinus lambertiana-P. jeffreryi
Cascade Mountains, Oregon. 1971
3 2012
Pseudotsuga-Libocedrus-P. ponderosa on serpentine
Siskiyou National Forest, Oregon. 1971
3 2013
Pinus contorta and Arenaria on coastal dunes
Near Florence, Oregon. 1971
3 2014
Pinus contorta and Arenaria on coastal dunes
Near Florence, Oregon. 1971
3 2015
Pinus contorta-Cytisus scoparius-Arenaria planted for dune control
Florence, Oregon. 1971
3 2016
Pinus ponderosa, wind-trained
White Salmon, Washington. 1971
3 2017
Large Pinus ponderosa in grand fir habitat on fire-swept ridge (Coulter Creek)
Leavenworth, Washington. 1972
3 2018
Artemisia cana around seasonal pond, with Artemisia tridentata on higher ground in rear. Army firing range. Downinquia yima and Polygonum kelloggii
North of Yakima, Washington. 1972
3 2019
A and B repeat photo, 10 and 20 years after time zero, in ravine off Wawawai Canyon, see earlier photos
Southwest of Pullman, Washington. 1972
3 2020
Steep slope of Roundtop Park. Dead Pinus albicaulis
Pend Oreille County, Washington. 1972 August 02
3 2021
Abies lasiocarpa/Menziesia ferruginea stand
Roundtop Mountain, Washington. 1972
3 2022
Festuca viridula dominant near top of Bald Mountain with Lupinus chief associate. Dead Pinus albicaulis
Lolo Trail, Washington. 1972
3 2023
Near east end where Festuca viridula community makes sharp ecotone with Abies lastiocarpa forest. Snowdrift just within forest not visible, young trees not severly affected
Bald Mountain, Idaho. 1972
3 2024
Snowdrift just behind summit. Phyllodoce empetriformis in foreground. Broken and distorted trees are all Abies lasiocarpa
Bald Mountain, Idaho. 1972
3 2025
Same snowbank. Festuca Viridula dominant in foreground
Bald Mountain, Idaho. 1972
3 2026
Luzula hitchcockii dependent of heavy snow plus drip from trees. Festuca viridula in foreground
Bald Mountain, Idaho. 1972
3 2027
Snout of solifluction lobe covered with Agropyron spicatum. Hieraceum albertinum conspicuous in surrounding grassland
Bald Mountain, Idaho. 1972
3 2028
Lolo Trail as it crossed Bald Mountain. Xerophyllum dominantk, with young Pinus contorta staing at edge of trail in foreground. Old Abies lasiocarpa has completely blocked the trail in rear
Bald Mountain, Idaho. 1972 August 05
3 2029
Pinus jeffreyi/Artemisia vaseyana-Purshia tridentata on gravel flat
Lake Tahoe, California. 1972
3 2030
Young Abies concolor under Pinus jeffreyi along shore
Lake Tahoe, California. 1972
3 2031
Pinus jeffreyi being replaced by Libocedrus and Abies conolor
Lake Tahoe, California. 1972
3 2032
Gradual ecotone between Artemisia-dominanted community and grassland
Dubois, Wyoming. 1972
3 2033
Populus tremuloides being replaced by Abies lasiocarpa. John Wirsing
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1972
3 2034
Populus tremuloides being replaced by Abies lasiocarpa. John Wirsing
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1972
3 2035
Brooms formed by mistletoe on Pinus contorta
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1972
3 2036
Flagged Abies lasiocarpa
Snowy Range, Wyoming. 1972
3 2037
Flagged Abies lasiocarpa
Snowy Range, Wyoming. 1972
3 2038
Flagged Abies lasiocarpa
Snowy Range, Wyoming. 1972
3 2039
Flagged Abies lasiocarpa
Snowy Range, Wyoming. 1972
3 2040
Flagged Abies lasiocarpa
Snowy Range, Wyoming. 1972
3 2041
Forest-steppe ecotone
Big Horn Mountains, near Sheridan, Wyoming. 1972
3 2042
Populus, Salix, and Shepherida along Little Big Horn River
7 miles south of Custer Battlefield, Montana. 1972
3 2043
Pinus ponderosa confined to areas with too little soil for grass
30 miles east of Lewistown, Montana. 1972
3 2044
Stipa comata/Bouteloua gracilies, ungrazed this side of fence
15 miles north of Havre, Montana. 1972
3 2045
Wind-trained Pinus ponderosa
White Salmon, Washington. 1972
3 2046
Heavily grazed Stipa comata-Bouteloua gracilis
Manyberries, Alberta. 1972
3 2047
Festuca scabrella-Pontentilla fruticosa, virgin
Cypress Hills, Alberta. 1972
3 2048
Festuca scabrella-Pontentilla fruticosa, virgin
Cypress Hills, Alberta. 1972
3 2049
Grazed stand of Festuca scabrella-Pontentilla fruticosa, virgin
Cypress Hills, Alberta. 1972
3 2050
Aspen groves with Festuca scabrella grassland
North of Kiowa, Montana. 1972
3 2051
Aspen groves with Festuca scabrella grassland
South of Kiowa, Montana. 1973
3 2052
Atriplex confertifolia-Hilaria mutica
35 miles north of Tonopah, Nevada. 1973
3 2053
Prosopis-Sporobolus airoides
Near Cottonwood, Arizona. 1973
3 2054
Nolina microcarpa with Sporobolus airoides, Aristida spp, Bouteloua spp.
6 miles east of Sonoita, Arizona. 1973
3 2055
Acacia constricta and Fluorensia cernua with Larrea
West of Tombstone, Arizona. 1973
3 2056
Carnegiea gigantea vascular bundles
Arizona. 1973
3 2057
Soil profile in upper bajada
Tucson, Arizona. 1973
3 2058
Quercus emoryi/Bouteloua spp.-Andropogon
Sycamore Canyon, West of Nogales, Arizona. 1973
3 2059
Quercus emoryi/Bouteloua spp.-Andropogon
Sycamore Canyon, West of Nogales, Arizona. 1973
3 2060
Desert
Organ Pipe National Monument, Arizona. 1973
3 2061
Soil profile under Larrea
Arizona. 1973
3 2062
Cercidium microphyllum
Arizona. 1973
3 2063
Larrea/Franseria dumosa
Las Vegas, New Mexico. 1973
3 2064
Atriplex confertifolia/Hilaria
North of Tonopah, Nevada. 1973
3 2065
Old burned area in Tsuga/Pachistima H.T.
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1973
3 2066
Clearcuts and road cut scars
Kootenia River above Libby Dam, Montana. 1973
3 2067
Abies lasiocarpa-Pseudotsuga replacing Populus tremulides
Near Eureka, Montana. 1973
3 2068
Snowpack of lee slope
Grizzly Peak. 1973 July 03
3 2069
Burn in Abies lasiocarpa/Pachistima H.T. invaded by Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus contorta
Near Hat Point, Oregon. 1973
3 2070
Upper end of Hell's Canyon
From Saddle Creek Observation Point, Oregon. 1973
3 2071
Looking east from Hat Point, Oreogn at 6982 feet. Seven Devils are 10 miles distant
Hat Point, Oregon. 1973
3 2072
Fire still burning at Manitou Golf Course 6 feet from pavement, oppostie gate. Pinus ponderosa/Festuca idahoensis
Manitou Golf Course. 1973 August 02
3 2073
Vegetation mosaic: Pinus contorta, Artemisia, grass-dominated areas
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1973
3 2074
Shrub growth in clearcut in Abies lasiocarpa/Pachistima H.T.
Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1973
3 2075
Plant invasion of basalt flow
Jordan Center, Oregon. 1973
3 2076
Pinus contorta/Artemisia vaseyana-Festuca idahoensis-Frasera albic. on outwash flat
East of Stanley, Idaho. 1973
3 2077
Atriplex nuttallii and artemisia tridentata communities
East of Cody, Wyoming. 1973
3 2078
Pinus contorta/Purshia tridentata on obsidian sand
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1973
3 2079
Ecotone: Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron - x Artemisia rigida
Richland, Oregon. 1973
3 2080
Artemisia arbiscula/Poa sandbergii at west foot of mountains
Steens Mountains, Oregon. 1973
3 2081
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus/Bromus tectorum in field with Artemisia tridentata behind
Near Diamond, Oregon. 1973
3 2082
Forest-steppe interfingering
Blue Mountains, Washington. 1974
3 2082a
10 year old clearcut in redwood forest, with stump sprouts conspicuous
Lady Bird Johnson Grove, Sequoia National Park, California. 1975
3 2083
Prairie on south slope in redwood area. Original vegetation: Calamagrostis nootkatensis and Danthonia californica. Pseudotsuga around periphery
California. 1975
3 2084
Pinus elliottii/Serenia serrulata savanna
Corkscrew Sanctuary, Florida. 1975
3 2085
Corkscrew Swamp. Taxodium distichum, Acrostichum danaefolia and Blechnum serrulata
Corkscrew Swamp, Florida. 1975
3 2086
Pond with Sagittaria and Pistia
Corkscrew Swamp, Florida. 1975
3 2087
Taxodium "domes"
60 miles south of Orlando, Florida. 1975
3 2088
Tree fern and Chusquea in fog forest
Coast Range, Venezuela. 1976
3 2089
Tree fern in fog forest
Pittier National Park, Venezuela. 1976
3 2090
Tree fern in fog forest
Pittier National Park, Venezuela. 1976
3 2091a
Xerophytic forest on colluvium, with thin residual soil above supporting Byrsonima-Curatella savanna. Rain shadow of Coast Range
Near Maracay, Venezuela. 1976
3 2091b
Xerophytic forest on colluvium, with thin residual soil above supporting Byrsonima-Curatella savanna. Rain shadow of Coast Range
Near Maracay, Venezuela. 1976
3 2092
Xerophytic forest on colluvium, with thin residual soil above supporting Byrsonima-Curatella savanna. Rain shadow of Coast Range
Near Maracay, Venezuela. 1976
3 2093
Interior of fog forest
Pittier National Park, Venezuela. 1976
3 2094
Montane rainforest
Venezuela. 1976
3 2095
Upper timberline on slope slope of Andes
Venezuela. 1976
3 2096
Upper timberline on slope slope of Andes
Venezuela. 1976
3 2097
Espeletia schultzii, mostly stemless, on divide of Andes and a little above timberline at 3550 meters (at Laguno de Mucubaji)
South of Merida, Venezuela. 1976
3 2098
Espeletia schultzii, mostly stemless, on divide of Andes and a little above timberline at 3550 meters (at Laguno de Mucubaji)
South of Merida, Venezuela. 1976
3 2099
Espeletia schultzii, mostly stemless, on divide of Andes and a little above timberline at 3550 meters (at Laguno de Mucubaji)
South of Merida, Venezuela. 1976
3 2100
Alpine scrub 1-2 meters tall.
Paramo Negro, Andes of Venezuela. 1976
3 2101
Upper montaine forest
Paramo Negro, Andes of Venezuela. 1976
3 2102
Gilia spicata
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2103
Pulsatilla hirsutissima
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2104
Toucoscordian falcatum
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2105
Aragallus lambertii
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2106
Pachylopbus montanus
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2107
Tbalesia fasciculata on Artemisia
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2108
No description
3 2109
Phlox multiflora
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2110
Boutolemon lumilus
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2111
Aragallus alliflous
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2112
Yucca glauca
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2113
Razoumofslsya cryptopoda (Durant mistletoe) on Pinus scopuorum
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2114
Nymphaea polysepala fruits
Redrock Lake. 1931 October 01
3 2115
Lupinus in arrays
Near Phoenix, Arizona. circa 1930-1935
3 2116
Thermopsis montana (golden pea)
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2117
Leucocrinum montanum (Sand lily)
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2118
Castilleja (Indian paint-brush)
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2119
Pulsatilla hirsutissima fruiting aspect
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2120
Pulsatilla hirsutissima in flower
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2121
Delphinium melsori (larkspur)
Boulder, Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2122
Pods of Yucca glauca
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2123
Yucca glauca
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2124
Pulsatilla hirsutissima
Minnesota. circa 1930-1935
3 2125
Sanguinaria canadensis
Hennepin County, Minnesota. 1933 April 23
3 2126
Aguilegia coerulea
Colorado. circa 1930-1935
3 2127
Trillium grandiflorum
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1930-1935
3 2128
Oenothera - fasciated
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2129
Trillium luteum
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2130
Aresaema triphyllum
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2131
Polygonatum comutatum
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2132
Kalmia latifolia
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2133
Kalmia latifolia
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2134
Kalmia latifolia
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2135
Passiflora uncarnata
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2136
Magnolia grandiflora
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2137
Azalea mudiflora
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2138
Liriodendron tulipifera
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2139
Cornus florida
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2140
Cercis canadensis
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2141
Osmunda cinnamonea
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2142
Pontederis cordata
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2143
Elephantella groenlandiea
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2144
Psychotria bacteriophylla
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2145
Mitella stauropetala
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2146
Drosera rotundifolia
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2147
Drosera rotundifolia
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2148
Callochortus elegans
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2149
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2150
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2151
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2152
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2153
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1935
3 2154
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1980
3 2155
No description
unknown. circa 1930-1980
Subseries 1.2 - Negatives
Box item
4 1
Missing
4 2
Vernonia altissima - indicator of overgrazing
Martinsville, Indiana.
4 3
Sabina scopulorum - on forest floor of Rock Pine Mesas
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
4 4
Artemisia, plains
Near Roggen, Colorado. 1931
4 5
Pinus scopulorum savanna
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
4 6
Plant zonation around Redrock Lake
Near Ward, Colorado. 1931
4 7
Twist in bole of conifer (Pseudotsuga?)
4 8
Canyon vegetation between mesas
Boulder, Colorado (Pole Canyon). circa 1931
4 9
Opuntia, indicator of overgrazing
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
4 10
Antennaria apprica in short grass
Boulder, Colorado. 1931
4 11
Artemisia
Nebraska. 1931 September 7
4 12
Artemisia tridentata
Grand Lake, Colorado. circa 1931
4 13
Pinus flexilis
Triangulation Point near University Camp, Colorado (timberline). circa 1931
4 14
Picea engelmanii
Triangulation Point near University Camp, Colorado (timberline). circa 1931
4 15
Picea engelmanii
timberline on Mt. Evans, Colorado (with dwarf willows). 1932
4 16
Populus tremuloides - Pinus murrayana assoc. on burned-over land
Ward, Colorado. 1932
4 17
Sub-alpine lake being filled in with sedges
Near Blue Lake, Colorado. 1932
4 18
Salix - Carex community in depression of sand dunes
Roggen, Colorado. 1932
4 19
Estee Park, Colorado (now a reservoir!)
Estee Park, Colorado. 1932
4 20
Alkali patches
Near Ft. Lupton, Colorado. 1932
4 21
Dune-crest sand binding rhizome
Roggen, Colorado. 1932
4 22
Hardpan in prairie soil profile
Central City, Nebraska. 1932
4 23
Ilex verticillata - Sphagnum swamp
Near Bloomington, Indiana. 1932
4 24
Burnt-over land
North of Silver Lake, Colorado. 1932
4 25
Ant hill - in short-grass prairie
Near Whiterooks, Boulder, Colorado. 1932
4 26
Ant hill - in short-grass prairie
Near Whiterooks, Boulder, Colorado. 1932
4 27
Alpine peaks
looking West from Mt. Evans, elevation, 14,259'. 1932
4 28
Opuntia arborescens
Foothills of southern Colorado. 1932
4 29
Xylem skeleton of Carnegia gigantea
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
4 30
Barrel cactus (Ferrocaotus)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
4 31
Fouquieria splendens (Ocotillo, or Coachwhip)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
4 32
Erosion on a bluff
Hot Springs, New Mexico. 1932
4 33
Cereus (Carnegia) gigantea (Sajuaro, or Giant Cactus)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
4 34
Cereus (Carnegie) gigantea (Sajuaro, or Giant Cactus)
Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
4 35
Desert grassland
San Marcial, New Mexico. 1932
4 36
Phoradendron
Populus Hatch, New Mexico. 1932
4 37
Pinus edulis woodland
Las Vegas, New Mexico. 1932
4 38
Covillea glutinosa
Elephant Buttes, New Mexico. 1932
4 39
Covillea glutinosa
Elephant Buttes, New Mexico. 1932
4 40
Yucca elate (Palmilla)
Deming, New Mexico. 1932
4 41
Side of arroya
Southern Colorado. 1932
4 42
Side of arroya
Southern Colorado. 1932
4 43
(Cholla) Opuntia Epp.
Superior, Arizona. 1932
4 44
Desert scene
Mt. Superstion, N. of Phoenix, Arizona. 1932
4 45
Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.)
Safford, Arizona. 1932
4 46
Ant hill, etc. - short-grass prairie
New Mexico. 1932
4 47
Missing
4 48
Missing
4 49
Missing
4 50
Mesa ravine vegetation
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
4 51
Opuntia in shortgrass
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
4 52
No description
4 53
Tumbleweeds along road
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
4 54
Prunus getting established around rocks
Boulder, Colorado. 1932
4 55
prostrate Pinus flexilis
Mount Audubon, Colorado. 1932
4 56
Opuntia arborescense - detail of plant body and vascular skeleton
1932
4 57
An old beaver lake well filled in, and spruce-fir forest
Baldy Mountain, Colorado. 1932
4 58
A mountain park
Rollinsville, Colorado. 1932
4 59
Timberline
Baldy Mountain, Colorado. 1932 June 01
4 60
Diminutive flowers (Pulsatille hirsutissima, Eritrichium argentium, Thlaspi coloradense) from timberline
Baldy Mountain, Colorado. 1932
4 61
Desert vegetation
South of Superior, Arizona. 1932
4 62
Bald cypress in Hovey's Lake
Posey, County, Indiana. 1932
4 63
Bald cypress in Hovey's Lake
Posey County, Indiana. 1932
4 64
Bald cypress in Hovey's Lake
Posey County, Indiana.
4 65
Swell-butt ash (F. profunda) swamp forest
around Bacon's Swamp, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
4 66
Vegetation zonation, (carex, buttonbush, willow, swamp forest, upland forest, now covered with houses!)
Bacon's Swamp, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
4 67
Osmunda oinnamomea - bog
Northern Indiana. 1932
4 68
Pinus Banksiana flooded and killed by beaver
Itasca State Park, Minnesota. 1932
4 69
Virgin Pinus resinosa
Itasca State Park, Minnesota. 1932
4 70
Virgin Pinus resinnsa
Itasca State Park, Minnesota. 1932
4 71
Cycloloma on low sand hills
North of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1932
4 72
Hudsonia tomentosa - on low sand hills
North of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1932
4 73
A dune grass, spreading by rhizome
1932
4 74
Formation of a fore-dune around a grass clump
Northern Indiana. 1932
4 75
Dune front being captured by vegetation
1932
4 76
Gravel-bar vegetation zones: dianthera, carex, ambrosa populus salix
White River, north of Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
4 77
Gravel-bar vegetation zones: dianthera, carex, ambrosia populus salix
White River, north of Indianapolis, Indiana. 1932
4 78
Dune advancing on bog
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 79
Shore of Lake Michigan where sand is washed up, dried, blown back into dunes
Dunes State Park. 1932
4 80
Vitis stabilizing a dune formed around a grass clump
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 81
Furnaceville blowout
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 82
Pinus strobus forest once covered and now uncovered by dune
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 83
Big Blowout
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 84
Shore of Lake Michigan where sand is washed up, dried, blown back into dune
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 85
Dune encroaching oak forest
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 86
Platanus growing upward as fast as dune covers it
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 87
Tilia - grew up with dune, now dune recedes and roots dangle
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 88
Active dune encroaching on bog
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 89
Side of a blowout
Dunes State Park, Indiana. 1932
4 90
Big Woods forest interior (1)
Wright County, Minnesota. 1932 April 22
4 91
Ulmus americans
Hennepin County, Minnesota. 1932
4 92
Patrician drift
Scott County, Minnesota. 1932
4 93
Thin Patrician drift over Keewatin outwash
Scott County, Minnesota. 1932
4 94
Tilia glabra - basal sprouts
Minnesota. 1932
4 95
Tall grass prairie
Hennepin County, Minnesota. 1932
4 96
Hill forested on N. side
Southeastern Minnesota. 1932
4 97
Spruce-fir replacing Betula
Northeastern Minnesota. 1932
4 98
Verbena in over-grazed tall-grass prairie
Illinois. 1932
4 99
Dune blowout with Hudsonia
Minnesota, Anoka County. 1932
4 100
Pinus flexilis
University Of Colorado. 1931
4 101
Abies lasiocarpa
Mitchell Lake, Colorado. 1931
4 102
Betula papysifera thicket following fire
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 103
Young betula following a burn
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 104
Spruce-Fir-Birch
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 105
Foliose lichen on rock
circa 1932-1935
4 106
Rock crevise and surface successions (Potentilla tridentata)
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 107
Cut-over Maple-Basswood with Trillium grandiflorum
Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 108
Later stage of #106 [Rock crevise and surface successions]
Northeastern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 109
Taxodium levees
circa 1932-1935
4 110
Tilia glabra - stump sprouts
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 111
Tilia glabra - stump sprouts
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 112
Celastius on Ostrya
Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 113
Wekkly podsolized drift - Q. ellipsoidalis forest
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 114
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota, "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
4 115
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota, "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
4 116
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
4 117
Maple-Basswood
Minnesota "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
4 118
Bur oak Savanna - edaphis climax on sandy outwash
Anoka County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 119
Q. macrocarpa olivacea, relict of period of burning
Tilia Forest, Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 120
Maple - Basswood
Minnesota, "Big Woods". circa 1932-1935
4 121
Sub-climax forest, fig and birch entering-black spruce Cedum waning
Grand Maris, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 122
Road out showing red drift
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 123
Road out showing shallow soil
Northern Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 124
Fairy ring of puffballs
Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 125
Young stage of blank spruce - tamaraoh- Ledum associes
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 126
Burn with young birch and fireweed
Grand Marais, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 127
Climax spruce - fir- birch forest on shallow soil
Grand Marais, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 128
Floating-leaved rooted aquatios (Sparganium, Mymphaea) and emergent root aquatics (Equisetum) at edge of sedge mat
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 129
Lake - bog zonation
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 130
Lake bog zonation
Cook County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 131
Beech - Maple virgin forest
Marion County, Indiana. circa 1932-1935
4 132
Beech - Maple virgin forest
Marion County, Indiana. circa 1932-1935
4 133
Leaves and disseninules of Sugar Maple - Basswood dominants
central Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 134
Bur oak leaf and acorn (Q. macro-clivaeformis) galls on Populus, Celtis, Querous borealis
circa 1932-1935
4 135
Larix bog
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 136
Pinus banksiana
Near Motley?, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 137
Sugar maple - Basswood
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 138
Sugar maple - Basswood
Hennepin County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 139
Missing
Anoka County, Minnesota.
4 140
Fire scars on Pinus resinosa
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 141
Thuja-Sphagnum bog
Anoka County, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 142
Picea canadensis
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 143
Pinus strobus
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 144
Betula papyrifera
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 145
Pinus resinosa
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 146
Abies balsame
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 147
Pinus resinosa with Picea-Abies understory
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 148
Pinus resinosa with Picea-Abies understory
Itasca Park, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 149
Uvularia-Parthenocissus stratum, Sugar maple
Basswood forest at Lake Minnetonka, Minnesota. circa 1932-1935
4 150
Abies lasiocarpa - Pioea engelmannii
Brainerd Lake, Colorado. 1935
4 151
Populus - Salix fringe along stream in shortgrass plains
North central Colorado. 1935
4 152
Salix in apline tundra
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
4 153
Silene acaulis
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
4 154
Pinus ponderosa
Black Hills, South Dakota. 1935
4 155
Quercus scrub above Artemisia
Northeastern Utah. 1935
4 156
Quercus scrub above Artemisia
Northeastern Utah. 1935
4 157
Loess along road cut
Council Bluffs, Iowa. 1935
4 158
Missing
in sandhills of Nebraska.
4 159
Tall-grass prairie
sandhills of Nebraska. 1935
4 160
Missing
unspecified in Neb..
4 161
Platte River gravel bars
Nebraska. 1935
4 162
Missing
4 163
Missing
4 164
Desert pavement - deflated area
Wyoming. 1935
4 165
grassland
Wyoming. 1935
4 166
Populus along stream
North central Wyoming. 1935
4 167
Missing
4 168
Missing
4 169
Hidden Lake
Glacier National Park. 1935 July 01
4 170
Spruce fir
Glacier Nat'l. Park. 1935
4 171
Thuja - Tsuga forest
Avalanche Creek, Glacier National Park. 1935
4 172
Fatsia horrida in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Glacier National Park. 1935
4 173
Alpine tundra
Logan Pass - Glacier National Park. August 3,1935
4 174
Alpine tundra
Logan Pass - Glacier National Park. 1935
4 175
Larix occidentalis
Flathead Lake, Montana. 1935
4 176
Clements Glacier
Glacier National Park. 1935
4 177
Pinus contorta reproduction on a burn
Glacier National Park. 1935
4 178
Spruce, fir, etc
Avalanche Lake, Glacier National Park. 1935
4 179
Black bear in Thuja(feree plicata)
Glacier National Park. 1935
4 180
Juniperus
West of Butte, Montana. 1935
4 181
Badlands
South Dakota. 1935
4 182
Aspen thicket
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
4 183
'flag' trees
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1935
4 184
Unusually large Artemisia tridentata
Near Glen, Montana. 1935
4 185
Tallgrass prairie, sandhills
North of Anselmo, Nebraska. 1935
4 186
Shortgrass understory in #185
Anselmo, Nebraska. 1935
4 187
Missing
4 188
Juniper woodland
Pocatello, Idaho. 1935
4 189
Tsuga-Rhododendron maximum community along a stream
Cumberland Mountains,Tennessee. 1936
4 190
same as #189 [Tsuga-Rhododendron maximum community along a stream], but in Smoky Mountains Park
Tennessee. 1936
4 191
Heath bald (Rhododendron minus Leiophyllum lyoni)
Mount.Le Conte,Tennessee,6594'. 1936
4 192
same as 191 [Heath bald (Rhododendron minus Leiophyllum lyoni)]
Mount.Le Conte,Tennessee,6594'. 1936
4 193
same as 191 [Heath bald (Rhododendron minus Leiophyllum lyoni)]
Mount.Le Conte,Tennessee,6594'. 1936
4 194
Heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 195
Heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 196
Heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 197
A beech gap in the spruce-fir forest
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee, 5100'. 1936
4 198
A beech gap in the spruce-fir forest
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee, 5100'. 1936
4 199
Hylocomium splendens and other mosses of spruce-fir forest
Mount Le Conte, Tennessee - 6500'. 1936
4 200
Spruce-fir forest
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee, 5100'. 1936
4 201
Rhododendron maximum-Kalmia undesstory under cove deciduous trees - winterstreamside - 3200'
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 202
Andropgon sp.(virginicus?) in old field
Tennessee, 1300'. 1936
4 203
Trail cut thru Kalmia-Rhododendron maximum bald
Trillium Gap,Smoky Mountain National Park, Tennessee. 1936
4 204
Interior of cove forest -winter- Ramsey Prong
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 205
Quercus montana
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 206
Aesculus octandra
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 207
Liriodendron
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 208
Prunus serotina
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 209
Quercus borealis maxima
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 210
Fagus grandifolia
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 211
Celtis occidentalis
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 212
Platanus occidentalis
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 213
Carya ovata
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 214
Local stabilization of dune by Calamovilfa longifolia
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
4 215
Dune erosion retarded by clump of Calamovilfa
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
4 216
Stipa spartea forming ariopen dune community
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
4 217
Stabilization of dune surface by calamovilfa longifolia and Cenchrus carolinianus
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
4 218
Populus tremuloides spreading along dune at edge of lake, by horizontal roots
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
4 219
Amorpha fruiticosa - edaphic prairie on dune sand
Anoka County, Minnesota. 1936
4 220
Quercus macrocarpa olivaeformis forming dwarfed prairie savanna
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
4 221
Quercus macrocarpa olivaeformis forming dwarfed prairie savanna
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
4 222
Quercus macrocarpa olivaeformis forming dwarfed prairie savanna
Anoka County,Minnesota. 1936
4 223
Chamaedaphne
central Minnesota. 1936
4 224
Mite spruce and balsam fir coming in under birch
Virginia, Minnesota. 1936
4 225
Ledurr-Sphagnum-Vaccinium oxycoccus being followed by black spruce
Virginia, Minnesota. 1936
4 226
Quercus alba in oak-hickory forest
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 227
Acer saccharum and some Fagus in ravine
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 228
lianas (mostly Vitis) in floodplain forest
Near Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 229
Scrub pine following andropogon in old field
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
4 230
same as 229 [Scrub pine following nndropogon in old field] but later stage in succession
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
4 231
Pinus virginiana
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
4 232
Interior of Pinus virginiana forest on eroded topography
1936
4 233
Cornus florida stratum in deciduous forest
Knox County, Tennessee. 1936
4 234
Parson's bald as viewed from Gregory Bald, (grassland Vaccinium,Lyonia,Salix Crataegus fringe dwarf Quercus borealis maxima for)
Tennessee-North Carolina line. 1936
4 235
Vernonia in overgrazed pasture
Knoxville, Tennessee. 1936
4 236
Erosion following destruction of vegetation in mining
Copperhills, Georgia. 1936
4 237
Erosion following destruction of vegetation in mining
Copperhills, Georgia. 1936
4 238
Shortleaf pine regeneration
Elijin, Georgia. 1936
4 239
Loblolly pine, burned bark
central Georgia. 1936
4 240
Longleaf pine tupentined
coastal plain of Georgia. 1936
4 241
dune forming plant of seashore
St. Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 242
Sabal palmetto on coastal dune
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 243
Avicennia hitida
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 244
Avicennia hitida
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 245
Avicennia hitida
St.Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 246
Saw palmetto - Serenoa
Carbur,Flordia. 1936
4 247
Rhizophora mangle
St. Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 248
Rhizophora mangle
St. Petersburg, Florida. 1936
4 249
Sabal megacarpa or Rhapidophyllum hysterix - 6'
Near Royal Palm State Park, Florida. 1936
4 250
epiphytes on Q. virginiana
Royal Palm State Park, Florida. 1936
4 251
strangler fig
Miami, Florida. 1936
4 252
Cocos nicifera
Miami Beach Florida. 1936
4 253
everglades
West of Palm Beach, Florida. 1936
4 254
epiphytic bromeliad
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 255
epiphytic bromeliad
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 256
bisect of low hammock (Quercus-S_bal) Highlands Hammock
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 257
Rinus palustris
Baconton, Georgia. 1936
4 258
Rinus palustris
Baconton, Georgia. 1936
4 259
Pinus taeda with oak, sweet gum, etc. coming in
Ochlocknee, Georgia. 1936
4 260
Taxodium ascendens
Thomasville, Georgia. 1936
4 261
Lagnolia grandiflora-Fagus forest ek.kurz)
Tallahassee, Florida. 1936
4 262
Polypodium polypodicides on Quercus laurifolia
Tallahassee, Flordia. 1936
4 263
Taxodium along
Wakulla River, Florida. 1936
4 264
Pinus palustris-Serenoa
Wakulla River, Flordia. 1936
4 265
Tillandsia usneoides
1936
4 266
Sabal palmetto
West of Perry, Florida. 1936
4 267
Live oak forest
Green Cove Springs, Florida. 1936
4 268
Vittaria lineata on Sabal palmetto
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 269
epiphytes covering branchesof Q. virginiana
Royal Palm State Park, Florida. 1936
4 270
Saracennia minor - cypress swamp
Georgia. 1936
4 271
interior of low hammock (live-oak-cabbage palm) Highland Hammock
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 272
S. Appalachians
Northwest of Ducktown, Tennessee. 1936
4 273
Pinus caribaea-Serenoa
Near Fort Myers, Florida. 1936
4 274
Ipomoea pes-capri and Uniola aniculata on strand
Fort Myers, Florida. 1936
4 275
Freshwater marsh zonation Claudium, Sabal, Pinus elliottii
Near Everglades, Florida. 1936
4 276
Same [Freshwater marsh zonation Claudium, Sabal, Pinus elliottii] without pine
Near Everglades, Florida. 1936
4 277
Same [Freshwater marsh zonation Claudium, Sabal, Pinus elliottii] without pine
Near Everglades, Florida. 1936
4 278
Rhizophora mangle
Southernmost tip of peninsular Flordia. 1936
4 279
Tillandsia recurvata and T. usneoides on telephone wires
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 280
Tillandsia recurvata and T. usneoides on telephone wires
Sebring, Florida. 1936
4 281
Quercus following Pinus elliotti
Babson Park, Florida. 1936
4 282
Hammock
West of Kissimee, Florida. 1936
4 283
Taxodium distichum (height 126' circ.43' age 3000-3500 yrs.)
Near Longwood, Florida. 1936
4 284
Beech-Sugar maple forest
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1936
4 285
Wata hyceinth covering a lake
South of Gainesville, Florida. 1936
4 286
Sabal palmetto
West of Perry, Flordia. 1936
4 287
Cuscuta
Florida. 1936
4 288
Quercus alba
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1936
4 289
Saracennia flava
McRea, Georiga. 1936
4 290
Saracennia flava
McRea, Georgia. 1936
4 291
Pinus Ascopulorum
Boulder, Colorado. 1936
4 292
Blight-killed chestnut
Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee. 1936
4 293
Quercus borealis maxima at edge of a grass bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 294
Quercus borealis maxima at edge of a grass bald
Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee. 1936
4 295
edge of Gregory bald, zones: red oak, Crataegus, ericads, grassland
Tennessee. 1936
4 296
edge of Gregory bald, zones: red oak, Crataegus, ericads, grassland
Tennessee. 1936
4 297
Cedar barrenson limestone outcrop
Near Mascot, Tennessee. 1936
4 298
Tsuga heterophylla [western hemlock] in Cedar-hemlock forest
Priest Lake, Idaho. 1936
4 299
Cedar-hemlock forest
Priest Lake, Idaho. 1936
4 300
No description
4 301
Thuja plicata [western red cedar] in Cedar-hemlock forest
Priest Lake, Idaho. 1936
4 302
Tsuga [hemlock] germinating on a stump
Northern Idaho. 1936
4 303
Alpine tundra and bighorn sheep
Mount Mashburn, Wyoming at 10,100 feet. 1936
4 304
Timberline at 1000 feet
Rocky Mountain National Park.
4 305
same [Timberline at 1000 feet] with wet meadow in valley bottom
Rocky Mountain National Park. 1936
4 306
Invasion of glaciated rock surface
Glacier Gorge, Rocky Mountain National Park. 1936
4 307
Glacier Gorge
Rocky Mountain National Park. 1936
4 308
Ptarmigan
Long's Peak, Colorado at 12,000 feet. 1936
4 309
Park in spruce-fir zone
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
4 310
lake zonation
University of Wyoming Campus at 10,000 feet. 1936
4 311
Vaccinium scoparium
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
4 312
forest floor in spruce-fir
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
4 313
spruce-fir forest
University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
4 314
antelope
Near Gardiner, Wyoming. 1936
4 315
No description
4 316
spruce-fir reproduction on burn after 52 years
Gothic, Colorado. 1936
4 317
same as 312 [forest floor in spruce-fir] but with mushroom eaten by Sciurus
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
4 318
Douglas fir killed by the spruce bud worm (Cocoecia fumerirana)
Yellowstone National Park. 1936
4 319
Medicine Bow range -talus and glacial lake
Wyoming. 1936
4 320
alpine fell field at 11,500 feet
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1936
4 321
Artemisia tridentata in mountain park
Grand Lake, Colorado. 1936
4 322
migration of a grass by propagules
Grand Lake, Colorado. 1936
4 323
heath bald
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1936
4 324
Pinon nut forest
Glentivar, Colorado. 1936
4 325
spruce fir forest
Near Gothic, Colorado. 1936
4 326
avalanch tracks thru spruce-fir
Baldy Mountain near Gothic, Colorado. 1936
4 327
No description
4 328
spruce fir forest interior
University of Wyoming Campus at 9900 feet. 1936
4 329
Abies lasiocarpa - 62 cm. D.L.H.
University of Wyoming Campus at 10,000 feet. 1936
4 330
No description
4 331
spruce-fir forest
Edson Fichter's station, University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
4 332
spruce with porcupine injury
University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
4 333
carpel refuse around cache of Sciurus fremontii
University of Wyoming Campus. 1936
4 334
spruce-fir forest interior
Gothic, Colorado. 1936
4 335
horizontal adventitious root system of salix [willow] on sandbar
Snake River, Idaho. 1937
4 336
Palouse River Canyon in Columbia Basalt; grassland zone
Near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
4 337
mesosere: mosses invading bare rock in moist ravine
Sheep Creek, Idaho. 1937
4 338
Artemisia tridentata [sagebrush] community on floodplain
Washtucna, Washington. 1937
4 339
Near-virgin Agropyron spicatum bunchgrass
Near McAdam, Washington, at 1100 feet. 1937
4 340
Abrupt ecotone between Agropyron spicatum bunchgrass and an impoverished community on shallow soil
Near McAdam, Washington. 1937
4 341
Alternation of prairie and ponderosa pine forest at the lower limit (approx. 3500 feet) of tree growth
Whitebird, Idaho. 1937
4 342
Overgrazed Agroyron bunchgrass
Near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
4 343
Virgin Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1937
4 344
Virgin Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1937
4 345
Virgin Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1937
4 346
Agropryon bunchgrass (Lithosolic agropyron - poa association), end of a clipped strip 1 meter in width from which all Agropyron had just been clipped, the remaining vegetation is very scanty, consisting of flowering Amsinckia [fiddleneck] and may be seen
8 miles West of Colfax, Washington. 1937
4 347
Overgrazed Agropyron-festuca bunchgrass, interstitial plants are plantago purshii [wolly plantain], Achillea lanulosa [fiddleneck], bromus tectorum [cheatgrass], and lomatium [deset parsely]
5 miles West of Lacrosse, Washington. 1937
4 348
Palouse canyon in Columbia basalt
Near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
4 349
Agropyron-poa bunchgrass, end of a stip 1 meter side from which all Agropyron and Stipa [needlegrass] had just been clipped. Note abundance of litter. Some Bromus tectorum [cheatgrass] and Plantago purshii [wolly plantain] are the chief plants left
Near Washtucna (at Palouse Falls), Washington. 1937
4 350
Agropyron bunchgrass
Palouse Falls, near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
4 351
Overgrazed Agropyron [bunchgrass] prairie with little but Plantago purshii [woolly plantain] remaing
Palouse Falls, near Washtucna, Washington. 1937
4 352
Cactus
Southern California. 1938
4 353
Ferrocactus sp. with Washingtonia filamentosa in background
Near Palm Springs, California. 1938
4 354
Washingtonia filamentosa along creek in desert
Near Palm Springs, California. 1938
4 355
Larix occidentalis [western larch]
East of Potlatch, Idaho, Laird Park. 1938
4 356
Pinus monticola [western white pine]
East of Potlatch, Idaho, Laird Park. 1938
4 357
Burned Larix occidentalis [western larch], with Chamaenerion [fireweed] and Salix [willow]
Moscow Mountain, Moscow, Idaho. 1938
4 358
Picea engelmanii [Engelmann spruce] with tips snapped off by wind
Moscow Mountain, Moscow, Idaho. 1938
4 359
Streamside meadow; Crataegus [hawthorn], Lupinus [lupine], Achillea [yarrow]
5 miles south of Moscow, Idaho. 1938
4 360
Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry]
Near Genesee, Idaho. 1938
4 361
Quercus macrocarpa in prairie ravine
East of Marvin, South Dakota. 1938
4 362
Stipa-Koeleria prairie
Near Pennock, Minnesota. 1938
4 363
Quercus macrocarpa-stipa spartea
South of Rice, Minnesota. 1938 July 31
4 364
Pinus banksiana
Motley, Minnesota. 1938
4 365
Sarcobatus-Distichilis with Artemisia tridentata on talus in background
9 miles east of Beverly, Washington at 550 feet. 1938
4 366
Artemisia tridentata
11 miles east of Corfu, Washington at 800 feet. 1938
4 367
Artemisia tridentata [sagebrush] in valley with Agropyron-festuca spicatum [bunchgrass] on hilltops
1 mile north of Kahlotus, Washington. 1938
4 368
Elymus cinereus [basin wildrye]
8 miles east of Kahlotus, Washington. 1938
4 369
Plantago purshii [woolly plantain] biotic climax
Near Palouse Falls, Washington. 1938
4 370
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus - Chrysothamnus nauseus [yellow-rubber rabbitbrush]
7 miles West of La Crosse, Washington. 1938
4 371
Larix [larch] invading a burn
28 miles West of Superior, Montana on north facing slope. 1938
4 372
Ceanothus velutinus a pioneer on burned area
28 miles West of Superior, Montana on south facing slope. 1938
4 373
Portrait of Ceanothus velutinus
Superior, Montana. 1938
4 374
Pinus ponderosa following Ceanothus
28 miles West of Superior, Montana on north facing slope. 1938
4 375
Pinus ponderosa replacing itself directly after fire
4 miles south of Worley, Idaho. 1938
4 376
Pinus contorta following logging and burning
12 miles north of Potlatch, Idaho. 1938
4 377
Sharp transition from Artemisia tridentata to old field with Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus-Purshia (on coase sand)
Near Mae, Washington. 1938
4 378
Distichilis tricta in Sarcobatus flat
Near Corfu, Washington. 1938
4 379
Pinus strobus in sugar maple-basswood forest
Itasca Park, Minnesota. 1938
4 380
No description
4 381
Ant nest in Salsoa assocation
Forsyth, Montana. 1938
4 382
Stipa prairie
East of Andover, South Dakota. 1938 July 27
4 383
Spartina michauxii
Near Bristol, South Dakota. 1938 July 27
4 384
Stipa spartea prairie
Near Milbank, South Dakota. 1938 July 27
4 385
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
22 miles West of Ritzville, Washington. 1938
4 386
Andropogon scoparius-Bouteloua on uplands, with Salicornia-Atriplex around salt flat
36 miles West of Jamestown, North Dakota. 1938
4 387
Prairie soil profile
29 miles West of Bowman, North Dakota. 1938
4 388
Stipa-comata-Bouteloua
6 miles east of Big Timber, Montana. 1938 September 08
4 389
Stipa-comata-Bouteloua
6 miles east of Big Timber, Montana. 1938 September 08
4 390
Stipa comata-Bouteloua gracilies-buchloe
Between Three Forks and Toston, Montana. 1938
4 391
Pure stand of Salsola following overgrazing
Between Three Forks and Toston, Montana. 1938
4 392
Stipa absent, some Bouteloua and Buchloe, wwith Opuntia and Salsoa coming in
Between Three Forks and Toston, Montana. 1938
4 393
Juniperus
16 miles east of Drummond, Montana. 1938
4 394
Artemisia tridentata
2 miles east of Neppel, Washington. 1938
4 395
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus-Purshia tridentata on coarse sand
10 miles West of Neppel, Washigton. 1938
4 396
Stipa comata on sandy soil
West of Neppel, Washington. 1938
4 397
Juniperus occidentalis along Columbia River
Near Vantage, Washington. 1938
4 398
Thuja-Tsuga forest
West slope of Cascades, West of Snoqualmie Pass, Washington. 1938 April 06
4 399
Colonization of talus by prairie
Yakima Valley, Washington. 1938
4 400
Paths along hill made by grazing cattle
Near Walla Walla, Washington. 1938
4 401
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/Poa [bunchgrass] prairie
Palouse Falls, near Washtucna, Washington. 1938 May 21
4 402
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/Poa [bunchgrass] prairie, following heavy grazing
Near La Crosse, Washington. 1938 May 21
4 403
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/poa [bunchgrass] prairie, but after Agropyron has been chewed off level with the ground
Between Hooper and La Crosse, Washington. 1938 May 21
4 404
Virgin Agropyron Spicatum/poa [bunchgrass] prairie, after Agropyron has been completely eliminated
Palouse Falls, Washington. 1938 May 21
4 405
Festuca/Symphoricarpos [fescue/snowberry] prairie
Whitman County, Washington. 1938 June 03
4 406
Festuca/Symphoricarpos [fescue/snowberry] prairie, showing effect of grazing
Whitman County, Washington. 1938 June 03
4 407
Soil profile in Festuca/Symphoricarpos [fescue/snowberry] zone , showing zone of horizontal flow of water
Whitman County, Washington. 1938 June 03
4 408
Ranunculus glaberriumus and Sisyrinchium growing uninjured by late snow
unknown. 1938
4 409
Alternation between Festuca/Symphoricarpos and ponderosa pine forest
Kamiah, Idaho. 1938
4 410
Alternation between Festuca/Symphoricarpos and ponderosa pine forest
Kamiah, Idaho. 1938
4 411
Mountain meadow in Thuja zone, trees immediately around meadow are Abies lasiocarpa
South of Lowell, Idaho. 1938
4 412
Alnus sinuata thicket in draw - Engelmann spruce zone; stems all bent down
Coolwater Mountain, Nez Perce National Forest, Idaho. 1938
4 413
Phlox douglasii - a mat plant on windswept ridges near timberline
Coolwater Mountain, Nez Perce National Forest, Idaho. 1938
4 414
Overgrazed area - Crataegus/Heraclium [hawthorn/cowparsnip] habitat
5 miles east of Pullman, Washington. 1938 July 22
4 415
Road cut through loess
North of Steptoe, Washington. 1938
4 416
Talus along cliff along Columbia river
South of Wenatchee, Washington. 1938
4 417
Glacial till
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
4 418
Pteris in prairie restricted by wind or soil type
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 419
Pseudotsuga on thin silt lying on lee side of ridge
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 420
Pseudotsuga on thin silt lying on lee side of ridge
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 421
Pseudotsuga
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
4 422
Pseudotsuga
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
4 423
Pseudotsuga following logging and burning
Near Centralia, Washington. 1938
4 424
Edge of burn in cedar-hemlock zone; Alnus rubra pioneer
South of Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 425
Tsuga following Alnus rubra on burn
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 426
Tsuga, Picea sitchensis, and Vaccinium on a stump
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
4 427
Acer macrophyllum in moist ravine
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
4 428
Acer macrophyllum in moist ravine
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
4 429
Acer macrophyllum in moist ravine
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
4 430
Tsuga heterophylla
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
4 431
Tsuga heterophylla
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1938
4 432
Tsuga heterophylla and Pseudotsuga
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
4 433
Chase Lake bog; zonation: 1. Nymphaea, 2. sedge (Carex?), 3. Ledum groenlandicum - Oxyzoccus-Cladonia-Andromeda, 4. Tsuga heterophylla; now filled in and covered with houses
12 miles north of Seattle, Washington. 1938
4 434
Chase Lake bog; zonation: 1. Nymphaea, 2. sedge (Carex?), 3. Ledum groenlandicum - Oxyzoccus-Cladonia-Andromeda, 4. Tsuga heterophylla; now filled in and covered with houses
12 miles north of Seattle, Washington. 1938
4 435
Arbutus menziesii, along sound
Seattle, Washington. 1938
4 436
Arbutus menziesii bark
Seattle, Washington. 1938
4 437
Dunes (Salix-Pinus contorta-Picea sitchensis)
Westport, Washington. 1938
4 438
Abronia
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 439
Picea sitchensis
Quinault Lake, Washington. 1938
4 440
Zonation around alkali basin
Grand Coulee, Washington. 1938
4 441
Abies-Tsuga mertensiana-Picea engelmannii
just east of Stevens Pass in Cascades, Washington, elevation 3800 feet. 1938
4 442
Abies-Tsuga mertensiana-Picea engelmannii
just east of Stevens Pass in Cascades, Washington, elevation 3800 feet. 1938
4 443
End of Nisqually Glacier, 3908 feet
Mount Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
4 444
End of Nisqually Glacier, 3908 feet
Mount Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
4 445
Forest invading glaciated valley
Nisqually Glacier area, Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
4 446
Subalpine forest invading talus stabilized by Alnus
Rainier Park, Washington. 1938
4 447
Timberline - trees confined to ridges!
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 448
Subalpine meadow (Polygonum, Lupinus, Ligusticum, Erigeron)
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 449
Xerophyllum
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 450
Heddophyllum sp. on rocks in littoral zone
False Bay, San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 451
Miscellaneous brown algae and Phyllospadix scouleri (always on rocky bottom)
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 452
Enteromorpha intestinalis in litoral zone - only in rock crevices where fresh water seeps out at low tide
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 453
Zostera marina on sand flats at low tide - a sand-binder - is waning in this region
False Bay, San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 454
Salicornia-Distichilis-Atriplex-Cuscuta salt marsh community
West Point Lighthouse, Seattle, Washington. 1938
4 455
Salicornia
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 456
Atriplex
San Juan Islands, Washington. 1938
4 457
Saxifraga at timberline
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 458
Glacial drift
Mount Rainier, Washington. 1938
4 459
Blow-out in Elymus cinereus assocation
Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 460
Coastal dunes
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 461
Coastal dunes
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 462
Coastal dunes
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 463
Forendunes with Elymus
central Oregon coast. 1938
4 464
Elymus planted to stabilize sand
central Oregon coast. 1938
4 465
Picea sitchensis on dunes
Oregon. 1938
4 466
Stratification of dune sand
North of Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 467
Iron cementation in Pleistocene dunes
central Oregon coast. 1938
4 468
Stratification of dune sand
central Oregon coast. 1938
4 469
Darlingtonia
Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 470
Darlingtonia
Florence, Oregon. 1938
4 471
Postelsia
Rocky Creek State Park, Oregon. 1938
4 472
Dry valley vegetation (west slope prairie: oak savanna, oak forest, Pseudotsuga; east slope: prairie, Pseudotsuga)
Near Willamina, Oregon. 1938
4 473
Quercus garryana savanna
Myrtle Creek, Oregon. 1938
4 474
Disturbed oak savanna with heavy infusion of Ceanothus cuneatus and Arctostaphylos mariposa
West of Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
4 475
Pseudotsuga forest with understory of Acer circinata, Thuja and Tsuga
Near Rhododendron, Oregon. 1938
4 476
Arctostaphylos-Ceanothus-Castanopsis following removal of montane forest
Shasta, California. 1938
4 477
Arctostaphylos-Ceanothus-Castanopsis following removal of montane forest
Shasta, California. 1938
4 478
Ponderosa pine replacing fire-induced sclerophyll scrub
East of Shasta, California. 1938
4 479
Interior of Pseudotsuga - Pinus ponderosa-P. lambertiana - Libocedrus forest
Rogue River National Forest, Oregon. 1938
4 480
Pinus lambertiana - 8 feet 7 inches DBH - 230 feet tall - 500 years old
West of Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
4 481
Libocedrus decurrens
West of Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
4 482
Sagebrush and juniper
Lower Klamath Lake, Oregon. 1938
4 483
Pinus albicaulis
Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
4 484
Ericad scrub on exposed coastal dunes
Roosevelt Beach, Oregon. 1938
4 485
Broad sclerophyll forest in ravine with sclerophyll scrub in uplands
Mount Tamalpais, Califrornia. 1938
4 486
Broad sclerophyll scrub - prairie transition
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 487
Broad sclerophyll scrub - prairie transition
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 488
Adenostoma fasciculata - Ceanothus crassifolius cuneatus on soil too thin for prairie
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 489
Effect of sandstone dike on vegetation
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 490
Arctostaphylos mariposa (?)
California. 1938
4 491
Adenostoma crown sprouts 3 years old in burned digger pine forest
Near Merced, California. 1938
4 492
Quercus dumosa - Ceanothus crassifolius
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
4 493
Agave shawii
Baja, California. 1938
4 494
Broad sclerophyll scrub and forest
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
4 495
Quercus wislizeni - Arbutus menziesii with Rhus trilobata on ground
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
4 496
Quercus wislizeni - Arbutus menziesii with Rhus trilobata on ground
East slope of Santa Lucia Mountains, California. 1938
4 497
Broad sclerophyll scrub, climatic climax
East of San Bernardino, California. 1938
4 498
Muroc Lake (temporary)
East of Mojave, California. 1938
4 499
Yucca - Larraea - Franseria - Atriplex conf.
South of Kramer, California. 1938
4 500
Yucca - Larraea - Franseria - Atriplex conf.
South of Kramer, California. 1938
4 501
Juniperus - Opunita - Yucca
Acton, California. 1938
4 502
Yucca arborescens - Juniper
8 miles east of Acton, California. 1938
4 503
Yucca arborescens
North of Plamdale, California. 1938
4 504
Allenrolfia occidentalis
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
4 505
Atriplex conferitifolia
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
4 506
Atriplex conferitifolia
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
4 507
Larraea tridentata
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
4 508
Post-pleistocene loess on alluvium
Near Hooper, Washington. 1938
4 509
Prosopis pubenscens and Acacia greggii
Borego Desert, California. 1938
4 510
Desert along west edge of Salton Sea
California. 1938
4 511
Desert along west edge of Salton Sea with Prosopis on dunes
California. 1938
4 512
Desert along west edge of Salton Sea
California. 1938
4 513
Opuntia bigelovii, Franseria dumosa, Fouquieria splendens
23 miles West of the south end of Salton Sea, California. 1938
4 514
Agave deserti, with Larraea
Borego Desert, California. 1938
4 515
Palm Canyon
California. 1938
4 516
Prosopis pubescens with Phoradendron californicum
Salton Desert, California. 1938
4 517
Allenrolifa, edge of Salton Sea
California. 1938
4 518
Abronia maritima - Mesembryanthesus aequilaterale on coastal dune
Baja, California. 1938
4 519
Foredunes captured by Franseria and Abronia maritima
50 miles south of Tijuana, Mexico. 1938
4 520
Blowout
Near Santa Maria, California. 1938
4 521
Blowout, but stabilized by Ericameria ericoides - Lupinus edaphic climax
Near Santa Maria, California. 1938
4 522
Dune tongues invading land
Santa Maria, California. 1938
4 523
Franseria dumosa forming a foredune
Santa Maria, California. 1938
4 524
Franseria dumosa forming a foredune, showing effects of wind in undermining
Santa Maria, California. 1938
4 525
Sand dunes
West of Yuma, Arizona in California. 1938
4 526
Larraea in California
just West of Yuma, Arizona. 1938
4 527
Fog belt
lookin west from summit of Santa Lucia, Mountains, California. 1938
4 528
Fog belt
Near Eureka, California. 1938
4 529
Fog belt
seen from Mount Diablo, Califonria. 1938
4 530
Sequoia sempervirens - Lithocarpus
Muir Woods National Monument, California. 1938
4 531
Sequoia sempervirens
Dyerville, California. 1938
4 532
Sequoia sempervirens
Dyerville, California. 1938
4 533
Circle of sprouts around an old redwood stump
California. 1938
4 534
Redwood sprouting after logging and burning
California. 1938
4 535
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
4 536
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
4 537
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
4 538
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
4 539
Quercus wislizeni - Q. lobata, etc. on hills with prairie in valley
Petaluna, California. 1938
4 540
Quercus savanna with Pseudotsuga above
Near Yorkville, California. 1938
4 541
Postelsia
California. 1938
4 542
Sequoia gigantea
Sequoia National Park, California. 1938
4 543
Tsuga mertensiana
Mount Lassen, California. 1938
4 544
(timberline: 8700 feet), Pinus albicaulis
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 545
Abies magnifica, 6700 feet
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 546
Abies conolor and Pinus jeffreyi
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 547
Pinus ponderosa colonizing volcanic mud flow 18 years old. Trees were smothered by mud
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 548
Pinus ponderosa - P. lambertiana - Psuedotsuga - Libocedrus
West of Bartle, California. 1938
4 549
Pinus ponderosa
North edge of Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 550
Pinus ponderosa stump; insect damage following fire
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 551
Volcanic avalanche materal several hundred years old being colonized by Pinus contorta, P. ponderosa, Abies magnifica
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 552
Pinus ponderosa being replaced by Abies concolor
Lassen Park, California. 1938
4 553
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Merced, California. 1938
4 554
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Redding, California. 1938
4 555
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Redding, California. 1938
4 556
Digger pine-blue oak
East of Redding, California. 1938
4 557
Broad sclerophyll scrub, climatic climax
10 miles West of Boulevard, California. 1938
4 558
No description
4 559
Cupressus macrocarpa (Monterey cypress)
Monterely Pen., California. 1938
4 560
Cactoid Euphorbia, in conservatory
Berkeley, California. 1938
4 561
Euphorbia coerulescens, South Africa
Huntington Conservatory, California. 1938
4 562
Ceropegia (Asclepiadaceae), Canary Islands
Huntington Conservatory, California. 1938
4 563
Ephedra nevadensis,
Jacumba, California. 1938
4 564
Parkinsonia and Olneya
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
4 565
Ferrocactus and Opuntia
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
4 566
Parkinsonia microphylla
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
4 567
Cerecus giganteus
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
4 568
Parkinsonia microphylla and Larraea tridentata
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
4 569
Sequoia sempervirens
Muir Woods National Monument, California. 1938
4 570
Sequoia sempervirens
Near Dyerville, California. 1938
4 571
Prosopis
Salton Desert, California. 1938
4 572
Fouquieria splendens (Ocotillo, or Coachwhip)
Borego Desert, California. 1938
4 573
Atriplex confertifolia and Sarcobatus
Utah. 1938
4 574
Rhamnus crocea and R. californica
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 575
Quercus dumosa
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 576
Ceanothus cuneatus and Adenostoma fasciculata
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 577
Quercus wislizeni and Umbellularia californica
Mount Diablo, California. 1938
4 578
Gall on Quercus dumosa
California. 1938
4 579
Arceuthobium on Pinus sabiniana
California. 1938
4 580
South African desert plant (Aizoaceae)
University of California, Berekeley, California. 1938
4 581
Abies magnifica and Tsuga mertensiana
Crater Lake, Oregon. 1938
4 582
Lower timberline: Juniper zone, and Artemisia zone with Salix along stream
Utah. 1938
4 583
Opuntia
North of Phoenix, Arizona. 1938
4 584
Scrub oak zone
South of Prescott, Arizona. 1938
4 585
Boutelousa showing effects of grazing
North of Prescott, Arizona. 1938
4 586
Phoradendron on Juniperus
North of Prescott, Arizona. 1938
4 587
Pinus edulis - Juniperus monosperma with Yucca and Bouteloua
Grand Canyon, Arizona. 1938
4 588
Sarcobatus on saline soil in background, Atriplex confertifolia on less salty soil in foreground
North of Gunnison, Utah. 1938
4 589
Edaphic climax on Juniperus on thin soil in Artemisia zone
North of Gunnison, Utah. 1938
4 590
Distichilis stricta
Near Grantville, Utah. 1938
4 591
Salicornia utahensis
Near Grantville, Utah. 1938
4 592
Salt flats with Distichilis and Allenrolfia
West of Grantville, Utah. 1938
4 593
Sharp ecotone between Ceratoides lanata and Artemisia tridentata
East of Wells, Nevada. 1938
4 594
Pseudotsuga on talus, Populus tremuloides at edge of talus, and Artemisia tridentata below
North of Hailey, Idaho. 1938
4 595
Artemisia dominanat as result of grazing; ungrazing area where Artemisia was grubbed out but is returning in small amounts (Agropyron, Koeleria, Festuca iahoensis)
Ketchum, Idaho. 1938
4 596
Artemisia and Agropyron competing successfully with each other in virgin area
South of Cambridge, Idaho. 1938
4 597
Artemisia tridentata with Agropyron spicatum, Stipa letterm, Koeleria, Hieraceum albertinum, etc.
Sawtooth National Forest, Idaho. 1938
4 598
Aspen deformed by sliding snow
North of Lowman in Boise National Forest, Idaho. 1938
4 599
Larraea glutinosa and Atriplex confertifolia
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
4 600
Lithsolic Agroyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass]
8 miles West of Colfax, Washington. 1938 April 07
4 601
Franseria dumosa
Mojave Desert, California. 1938
4 602
Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie (virgin)
Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 05
4 603
Festuca-symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie (virgin)
Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 05
4 604
Edge of lava flow
East of Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1939
4 605
Sagebrush-Grass association (Artemisia tridentat, Purshia, Agropyron)
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1939
4 606
Pinus flexilis on volcanic ash, 6000 feet
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1939
4 607
Amelanchier oreophila with a little Purshia
South of Soda Springs, Idaho. 1939
4 608
Artemisia-Agropyron association
South of Midvale, Idaho. 1939 June 06
4 609
Porcupine injury to Pinus contorta in spruce-fir zone
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 610
Boulder field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 611
Young fell field (Paronychia pulverulenta, Arenaria sajanensis, Trifolium dasyphyllum, etc.)
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 612
Old fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 613
Climax alpine meadow
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 614
Students studying old fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 615
Fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 616
Close-up of fell field vegetation
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 617
Close-up of fell field vegetation
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 618
Close-up of fell field vegetation
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 619
Arenaria sajanensis in alpine fell field
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 620
Rock surface being overrideen by alpine meadow
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 621
Squirrel cache, spruce-fir zone
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 622
Frost-pruned twigs, spruce-fir forest
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 623
Engelmann spruce and subalpine fire replacing lodgepole pine
Near Centennial, Wyoming. 1939
4 624
Trollius and Caltha leptosepala growing at edge of snowbank, spruce-fir zone
Wyoming. 1939 June 15
4 625
Abies lasiocarpa, at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 626
Abies lasiocarpa, at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 627
Abies lasiocarpa, at timberline
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 628
Pinus contorta around park dominated by Festuca ovina-Poa
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 629
Pinus contorta at 10,000 feet
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 630
Lake in spruce-fir zone, eastern slope
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 631
Timberline
Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. 1939
4 632
Aspen, Hayden Divide
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 633
Aspen, Hayden Divide
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 634
Aspen, Hayden Divide. Aspens deformed at base by snow
Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 635
Mountain park dominated by Artemisia cana-Symphoricarpos and surrounded by aspen
Hayden Divide, Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 636
Rock slide colonized by aspen which is in turn invaded by spruce-fir
Hayden Divide, Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming. 1939
4 637
Carex filling in a pond
West of Silver Lake, Albany County, Wyoming. 1939
4 638
Cercocarpus montanus-Rhus trilobata
North of Fort Collins, Colorado. 1939
4 639
Quercus-Cercocarpus montanus with Pinus ponderosa in background
South of Denver, Colorado. 1939
4 640
Pinus ponderosa at lower timberline
Boulder, Colorado. 1939
4 641
Pinus flexilis at timberline on Long's Peak
Colorado. 1939
4 642
Quercus scrub
South of Castle Rock, Colorado. 1939
4 643
Juniper-pinon with prairie below
South of Walsenburg, Colorado. 1939
4 644
Pinon-juniper
Trinidad, Colorado. 1939
4 645
Pseudotsuga on north-facing slope as seen through an open stand of Pinus scopulorum of the south-facing slope
Gallinas Canyon, New Mexico. 1939
4 646
Ant hill
South of Raton, New Mexico. 1939
4 647
Pseudotsuga on north-facing slope as seen through an open stand of Pinus scopulorum of the south-facing slope
Gallinas Canyon, New Mexico. 1939
4 648
Pinus edulis-Juniperus monosperma
Near Rowe, New Mexico. 1939
4 649
Guttierezia sarothrae, Pinon-Juniper belt
East of Albuquerque, New Mexico. 1939
4 650
Bouteloua-Aristida-Agrostis-Hilaria
West of Santa Rosa, New Mexico. 1939
4 651
Cattle exclosure 27 years old. Bouteloua eriopoda, Guttierezia, Sporobolus spp., Yucca elata, Prosopis glnadulosa
Jornada Range Experimental Station, New Mexico. 1939
4 652
Bouteloua eriopoda-Sporobolus-Yucca elata, excellent range
Jornada Range Experimental Station, New Mexico. 1939
4 653
Hilaria mutica on shallow clay basins, Bouteloua eriopoda on sandy uplands
Jornada Range Experimental Station, New Mexico. 1939
4 654
Prosopis glandulosa accumulating sand
West of Las Cruces, New Mexico. 1939
4 655
Dasylerion wheeleri (sotol) with Yucca in background
West of Pecos River, Texas. 1939
4 656
Nolina (greenii?)
West of Amarillo, Texas. 1939
4 657
Bouteloua-Hilaria-Prosopis
West of Amarillo, Texas. 1939
4 658
Prosopis in grassland
Quanah, Texas. 1939
4 659
Quercus savanna
East of Henrietta, Texas. 1939
4 660
Quercus savanna
East of Henrietta, Texas. 1939
4 661
Thorn scrub dominated by Prosopis
5 miles north of Pearsall, Texas. 1939
4 662
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
4 663
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
4 664
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
4 665
Thorn scrub
North of Laredo, Texas. 1939
4 666
Desert - Agave lecheguilla in foreground, Fouquieria and leguminous shrubs in background
West of Pecos River, Texas. 1939
4 667
Desert
170 kilometers north of Mexico City. 1939
4 668
Cloud forming over mountain showing zone on condensation
Northern Mexico. 1939
4 669
Desert
170 kilometers north of Mexico City. 1939
4 670
Thorn desert
North of Vallecillo, Mexico. 1939
4 671
Thorn desert
6.7 miles north of Villa Gran, Mexico. 1939
4 672
Strangling fig
North of Lemon, Mexico. 1939
4 673
Strangling fig
North of Lemon, Mexico. 1939
4 674
Pine forest
East of Mexico City. 1939
4 675
Pine forest
East of Mexico City. 1939
4 676
Desert
West of Tehuacan, Mexico. 1939
4 677
Epiphytes and lianas in rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 678
Butressed tree in rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 679
Epiphytic Piperaceae, rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 680
Rainforest
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 681
Epiphytes in rainforest
North of Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 682
Epiphylls on Coffea arabica
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 683
Pine-oad forest
South of Ciudad Bravos, Mexico. 1939
4 684
Thorn forest (altitude 3,000 feet)
South of Ciudad Bravos, Mexico. 1939
4 685
Thorn forest (altitude 3,000 feet)
South of Ciudad Bravos, Mexico. 1939
4 686
Epiphytes in rainforest
Near Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 687
Loranthaceae, rainforest
Near Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 688
Exterior of rainforest
North of Limon, Mexico. 1939
4 689
Strangling fig
South of Valles, Mexico. 1939
4 690
Cultivation in rainforest
South of Valles, Mexico. 1939
4 691
Vanilla (cultivation)
Tamazunchale, Mexico. 1939
4 692
Quercus-Arctostaphylos scrub
Bisbee, Arizona. 1939
4 693
Cereus gigantea-Parkinsonia microphylla
Tucson, Arizona. 1939
4 694
Cattle exclosure 23 years old - Tricachyne californica, Eriogonum wrightii, Aristida divaricata and a little Bouteloua filiformis and B. eriopoda. (B. filiformis on moderately grazed pasture outside fence)
Santa Rita Range Experimental Station, Arizona. 1939
4 695
Durigg 21 years of protection, Bouteloua eriopoda and B. rockrothii changed to Calistramia grandiflora with a little Bouteloua
Santa Rita Range Experimental Station, Arizona. 1939
4 696
Desert
Near Florence Junction, Arizona. 1939
4 697
Desert
Near Florence Junction, Arizona. 1939
4 698
Idria columnaris
Botanical Gardens, Superior, Arizona. 1939
4 699
Artemisia, Quercus, Pinon-Juniper zones
Mesa Verde, Colorado. 1939
4 700
Lower timberline with Pinon-Juniper on ridges and sagebrush on flats
Mesa Verde, Colorado. 1939
4 701
Lower timberline with Pinon-Juniper on ridges and sagebrush on flats
Mesa Verde, Colorado. 1939
4 702
Sagebrush burn 1 month old, eroding by wind
Dubois, Idaho. 1939
4 703
Sagebrush burn after 3 years with Agropyron dasystachyum and Calamagrostis purpurascens regenerated. Unburned sagebrush in background
Dubois, Idaho. 1939
4 704
Uneven grazing in a uniformly planted pasture of Agropyron cristatum
Dubois, Idaho. 1939
4 705
Edge of burn in overgrazed prairie, north slope of Clearwater Canyon
Near Lewiston, Idaho. 1939 April 30
4 706
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie, north slope
Pullman, Washington. 1939 May 07
4 707
Overgrazed floodplain
East of Pullman, Washington. 1939
4 708
Alluvial sediments overlain by a layer of loess
East of Hooper, Washington. 1939
4 709
Prairie (virgin), Helianthella [Helianthella] and Castilleja [Indian paintbrush] in flower
Near Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 01
4 710
Prairie (virgin), Helianthella [Helianthella] and Castilleja [Indian paintbrush] in flower
Near Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 01
4 711
Prairie soil profile
Garfield County, Washington. 1939
4 712
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association. Elevation 450 feet - Poa secunda, Antennaria dimorpha, Phlox, Bromus tectorum, Loamtium
East of Wallula, Washington. 1939
4 713
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association. Elevation 450 feet - Poa secunda, Antennaria dimorpha, Phlox, Bromus tectorum, Loamtium
East of Wallula, Washington. 1939
4 714
Oryzopsis hymenoides on dune sand
West of Neppel, Washington. 1939
4 715
Artemisia-tripartita-Agropyron [threetip sagebrush-bunchgrass], 50 year old exclosure
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
4 716
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
North of Dodge, Washington. 1939 May 26
4 717
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
North of Dodge, Washington. 1939 May 26
4 718
Replicate of #600 (Lithsolic Agroyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass]) taken 2 years later
8 miles West of Colfax, Washington. 1939 May 21
4 719
Limber pine-juniper on hogback
South of Dillon, Montana. 1939
4 720
Scablands in foreground with loessal hills in background
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
4 721
Epiphytic bromeliad, subtropical rainforest
Near Valles, Mexico. 1939
4 722
Buchloe dactyloides
Near Amarillo, Texas. 1939
4 723
Rock surface succession
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1939
4 724
Rock surface succession
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1939
4 725
Cemetery; virgin condition, good soil: Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush], Festuca idahoensis [Idaho fescue], and Agropyron spicatum [bunchgrass] dominate
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
4 726
Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush]. One specimen showing sprouting after top was burned to ground, other never burned
Near Lamont, Washington. 1939
4 727
Effect of grazing on Chrysothamnus-Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda association
East of Heppner, Oregon. 1939
4 728
Effect of grazing on Artemisia-Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda association
Between Heppner and Pilot Rock, Oregon. 1939
4 729
Artemisia-Agropyron association
North central Oregon. 1939
4 730
Artemisia-Agropyron association
North central Oregon. 1939
4 731
Aspen groves with limber pine on buttes
North-northWest of Kiowa, Montana. 1939
4 732
Aspen-balsam poplar groves
North of Wetaskiwin, Alberta. 1939
4 733
Eriogonum invading, followed by Festuca idahoensis prairie of south-facing bald, spruce-fir zone
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 734
Menziesia ferruginea-Xerophyllum assocation. Xerophyllum at foot of stake, enziesia all around, young Abies at left, north facing slope
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 735
Abies invading Menziesia-Xerophyllum patches
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 736
Aquilegia and Cryptogramma achrostichoides in crevice where moss has pioneered
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 737
Menziesia ferruginea invading mosses
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 738
Pseudotsgua following Pinus contorta
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 739
Bald on south slope, spruce-fir zone
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 740
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie
Pullman, Washington. 1939 June 01
4 741
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
Franklin County, Palouse Falls, Washington. 1939 June 10
4 742
Agropyron-poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] prairie
Franklin County, Palouse Falls, Washington. 1939 June 10
4 743
Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush] - festuca [fescue] association just after all herbs had been clipped off a cemetery plot
South of Lamont, Washington. 1939
4 744
Artemisia-grass [sagebrush-grass] assocation. Dominants: Artemisia partita, Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa columbiana, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Lupinus sericeus, Hieraceum albertinum, Lithospermum ruderale, etc.
8.3 miles east-northeast of Davenport, Washington. 1939
4 745
Artemisia-grass [sagebrush-grass] assocation. Dominants: Artemisia partita, Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa columbiana, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Lupinus sericeus, Hieraceum albertinum, Lithospermum ruderale, etc.
8.3 miles east-northeast of Davenport, Washington. 1939
4 746
Juniperus occidentalis savanna with Agropyron spicatum
North central Oregon. 1939
4 747
Poa secunda-Plantago purshii [Sandberg bluegrass-woolly plantain] association of overgrazed Agropyron [bunchgrass] range
Palouse Falls, Washington. 1939 June 10
4 748
Thuja-Tsuga forest (Roosevelt Grove)
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 749
Artemisia tridentata around talus
Near Prosser, Washington. 1939
4 750
Artemisia-grass [sagebrush-grass] assocation. Dominants: Artemisia partita, Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa columbiana, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Lupinus sericeus, Hieraceum albertinum, Lithospermum ruderale, etc.
8.3 miles east-northeast of Davenport, Washington. 1939
4 751
Thuja plicata [western red cedar] foliage
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1939
4 752
Xerophyllum tenax, spruce-fir zone
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 753
Sunscald on west side of Pinus monticola - Thuja-Tsuga zone
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 754
Larix occidentalis invading a burn in Thuja-Tsuga zone
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 755
Podsol layer (approximately 1 cm thick) in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 756
Podsol layer (approximately 1 cm thick) in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1939
4 757
Dryas octopetala
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940
4 758
Salix petrophylla
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940
4 759
Limber pine, aspen groves and prairie along Cutbank Creek east edge
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940
4 760
Virgin prairie (Stipa spartea-Koeleria-Agropyron smithii-Festuca scabrella-Bouteloua-Carex eleocharis)
Near Manhattan, Montana. 1940
4 761
Aspen invading grassland (Koeleria cristata, Stipa spartea curtiseta, Galium boreale, Astragalus, Erigeron, Campanula rotundifolia, Dolidago, Potentilla)
South of Lacombe, Alberta. 1940
4 762
Aspen invading grassland (Koeleria cristata, Stipa spartea curtiseta, Galium boreale, Astragalus, Erigeron, Campanula rotundifolia, Dolidago, Potentilla)
South of Lacombe, Alberta. 1940
4 763
Aspen groves in prairie
Near Morley, Alberta. 1940
4 764
Picea canadensis with aspen and balsam poplar
South of Ponoka, Alberta. 1940
4 765
Picea canadensis with aspen and balsam poplar
South of Ponoka, Alberta. 1940
4 766
Damage to aspen by big game
Banff National Park, Alberta. 1940
4 767
Soil profile in Stipa curtiseta prairie
South of Crossfield, Alberta. 1940
4 768
Soil profile in Stipa curtiseta prairie
South of Crossfield, Alberta. 1940
4 769
Koeleria-Stipa spartea curtiseta prairie with Eleagnus in distance
South of Didsbury, Alberta. 1940
4 770
Valeriana sitchensis emerging thru snowbank
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1940 July 11
4 771
Sugar maple-beech-hemlock-(yellow birch) forest (excellent old climax!) at 1700 feet
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
4 772
Sugar maple-beech-hemlock-(yellow birch) forest (excellent old climax!) at 1700 feet, but shows only hemlock
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
4 773
Podsol profile in sandy soil under scotch pine and Vaccinium, a horizon 3 inches thick
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
4 774
Podsol profile in sandy soil under scotch pine and Vaccinium, a horizon 3 inches thick
West of Saranac Lake, New York. 1941
4 775
Windthrow in red spruce-balsam fir-paper birch forest
West slope of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. 1941
4 776
Windthrow in red spruce-balsam fir-paper birch forest
West slope of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. 1941
4 777
Paper birch and white pine on old field
East of Concord, New Hampshire. 1941
4 778
White pine with deciduous understory
Rochester, New Hampshire. 1941
4 779
Picea mariana, 4800 feet on Mount Katahdin, showing prostrate form and dead plants; age of tree at base of stake
Maine. 1941
4 780
Climax Picea mariana-Abies balsamea forest
West slope of Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 781
Podsol profile in black spruce-balsam fir-paper birch forest
West of Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 782
Giant Betula papyrifera
South of Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 783
Zonation between tide levels
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 784
Fucus around tidal pool, Cladophora-Entoromorpha in the permanent pool
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 785
Picea rubra (P. canadensis?)-Abies balsamea
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 786
Picea rubra (P. canadensis?)-Abies balsamea
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 787
Elfinwood of Betula pendula (?) - Sorbus-Abies balsamea
Cadillac Mountain, Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 788
Succession on bare rock: a. Potentilla tridentata, b. Kalmia angustifolia, c. Vaccinium pennsylvanicum-Aronia arbutifolium, d. Alnus crispa
Cadillac Mountain, Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 789
Succession leading to Abies balsamea-Thuja occidentalis-Betula alba
Cadillac Mountain, Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 790
Thuja occidentalis growing in rock crevices
Mount Desert Island, Maine. 1941
4 791
Yellow birch-hemlock-beech
10 miles south of Bangor, Maine. 1941
4 792
Muskeg (Picea mariana-Chamaedaphne calyculata-Sphagnum)
North of Millinocket, Maine. 1941
4 793
Beech-yellow birch-hemlock (left to right)
Between East Holden and Holden Center, Maine. 1941
4 794
Monotropa uniflora in beech-maple-birch-hemlock forest
Bangor, Maine. 1941
4 795
Bog ericads: Andromeda glaucophylla, Ledum groenlandicum, Vaccinium pennsylvanicum, Kalmia angustifolia, Chamaedaphne calyculata, Gaultheria procumbens, Oxycoccus oxycoccus
Near Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 796
Mount Katahdin observed from the southwest
Maine. 1941
4 797
Wind-crippled Abies balsamea-Picea mariana and Betula sp.; 3550 feet
West-southWest of Baxter Peak, Maine. 1941
4 798
Glacial lakes looking southwest from Mount Katahdin
Maine. 1941
4 799
Winterkiling of Picea mariana (left) and Abies balsamea (right) on southwest exposure on Mount Katahdin, at 3550 feet
Maine. 1941
4 800
Southwest tip of tableland - 4500 feet - view of highest point showing timberline on south-southwest exposure at abouth 3800 feet
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 801
Alpine tundra (4500 feet): Ericads (Ledum, Vaccinium, Arctostaphylos) and lichens dominate here, some Potentilla tridentata, Carex, Juncus
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 802
Summit of an Abies balsamea about half a meter tall - 4500 feet; tableland (see diagram of parts winterkilled)
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 803
Table land, the highest point in background is about 5000 feet
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 804
Tundra with Potentilla tridentata, Juncus at 5100 feet
Mount Katahdin, Maine. 1941
4 805
Grazed woodlot
East of Bloomington, Indiana. 1941
4 806
Grazed woodlot
Near Indianapolis, Indiana. 1941
4 807
Juglans nigra
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
4 808
Sugar maple-beech climax
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
4 809
Sugar maple-beech climax
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
4 810
Sugar maple-beech climax
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
4 811
Eroded slope with Juniperus virginiana on Mill Creek
Turkey Run Park, Indiana. 1941
4 812
Sassafras and Juniperus virginiana invading an abandoned field, (together with Rubus, Solidago, Fragaria, Achillea, etc.)
Park County, Indiana. 1941
4 813
Non-recording dendrograph
1941
4 814
Recording dendrograph
1941
4 815
Snow-deformed Abies lasiocarpa
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1941
4 816
Mountain sheep salt lick in mountain park (Sisymbrium longipedicellatum, Cirsium, Poa secunda surrounding bare area, then Agropyron spicatum and Artemisia tripartita edaphic climax)
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 817
Mountain park on south slope of Stoddard Creek drainage
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 818
Cercocarpus ledifolius with Agropyron spicatum and Artemisia tridentata
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 819
Cercocarpus ledifolius with Agropyron spicatum and Artemisia tridentata
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 820
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum-Festuca idahoensis-Poa secunda-Balsamorhiza sagittata-Lupinus
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 821
Virgin Pseudotsuga forest with Calamagrostis rubescens, Arnica cordifolia and Balsamorhiza sagittata
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 822
Virgin ponderosa pine forest with Agropyron spicatum, Poa secunda, Balsamorhiza sagittata, and Festuca idahoensis
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 823
Mountain mahogany and ponderosa pine zones
East of Shoup, Idaho. 1941
4 824
Virgin prairie (Festucetum - Festuca idahoensis-symphoricarpos)
Nez Perce County, Idaho. 1941 June 13
4 825
Virgin prairie (Festucetum - Festuca idahoensis-symphoricarpos)
Nez Perce County, Idaho. 1941 June 13
4 826
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa
5 miles north of Payette Lakes, Idaho. 1941
4 827
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa
5 miles north of Payette Lakes, Idaho. 1941
4 828
Artemisia tridentata and wet meadow communities in mountain park
North of Cascade, Idaho. 1941
4 829
Ponderosa pine-Agropyron spicatum-Festuca idahoensis, lightly burned
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 830
Ponderosa pine-Agropyron spicatum-Festuca idahoensis, lightly burned
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 831
Virgin Pseudotsuga forest
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 832
Mountain park surrounded by ponderosa pine (Festuca idahoensis-Agropyron spicatum-Balsamorhiza-Lupinus, etc.)
Salmon River Primitive Area, Idaho. 1941
4 833
Virgin prairie (Agropyronetum)
Nez Perce County, Idaho. 1941
4 834
Pinus echinata invading an abandoned field covered with Andropogon virginicus
East of Lancaster, South Carolina. 1941
4 835
Pinus echinata invading an abandoned field covered with Andropogon virginicus with Pinus palustris
East of Lancaster, South Carolina. 1941
4 836
Andropogon virginicus on abandoned sandy field
East of Lancaster, South Carolina. 1941
4 837
Differential effects of burning on oak and Pinus palustris
East of McBee, South Carolina. 1941
4 838
Abandoned field
East of Florence, South Carolina. 1941
4 839
Taxodium knees
Lake Waccama, North Carolina. 1941
4 840
Nyssa-Taxodium
Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
4 841
Edge of cypress-gum swamp
North of Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
4 842
Sarracenia purpurea leaf
North of Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
4 843
Dionaea muscipula
North of Wallace, North Carolina. 1941
4 844
Dionaea muscipula
North of Wallace, North Carolina. 1941
4 845
Dionaea muscipula
North of Wallace, North Carolina. 1941
4 846
Drosera rotundifolia
North of Elizabethtown, North Carolina. 1941
4 847
Bur oak and ponderosa pine
West of Sundance, Wyoming. 1941
4 848
Mountain park in ponderosa pine zone
10 miles south of Deerfield, South Dakota. 1941
4 849
Buffalo in grassland
Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota. 1941
4 850
Islands of Symphoricarpos in Stipa-Agropyron smithii-Bouteloua-Carex prairie
East of Blaisdell, North Dakota. 1941
4 851
Prairie: Stipa-Koeleria-Agropyron smithii-Bouteloua-Carez
East of Rigby, North Dakota. 1941
4 852
Calamovilfa longifolia-Sporobolus cryptandrus prairie in sandhills
West of Ainsworth, Nebraska. 1941
4 853
Rangelands 10 years after abandonment as farm land showing eriosion scars
North of Chadron, Nebraska. 1941
4 854
Prairie soil profile
Near Kalispel, Montana. 1941
4 855
Elfinwood (poplar, aspen, and willow)
Near Cutbank, Montana. 1941
4 856
Artemisia cana on river terrace, Populus along creek, Stipa-Bouteloua-Koeleria-Carex on uplands
West of Galsgow, Montana. 1941
4 857
Aspen groves
East of Crookston, Minnesota. 1941
4 858
Aspen groves
East of Crookston, Minnesota. 1941
4 859
Spruce and fir replacing red pine
Itasca Park, Minnesota. 1941
4 860
Pinus banksiana-Quercus borealis on sand plain
Between Sparta and Tomah, Wisconsin. 1941
4 861
Pinus banksiana-Quercus borealis on sand plain
Between Sparta and Tomah, Wisconsin. 1941
4 862
Ericaceous scrub communities on ridges running southwest (4700 feet), spruce zone
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
4 863
Andrews bald (5850 feet) on southwest exposure of a ridge extending south; Abies and Picea rare, Rubus and Vaccinium abundant
1941
4 864
Picea-Abies forest (5500 feet) near Indian Gap
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
4 865
Ramsey Prong, showing Rhododendron maximum and Tsuga
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
4 866
Prunus serotina
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
4 867
Liriodendron
Smoky Mountains National Park. 1941
4 868
Blight-killed chestnut in oak forest
Blueridge Mountains, Virginia. 1941
4 869
Blight-killed chestnut in oak forest
Blueridge Mountains, Virginia. 1941
4 870
Pinus rigida-echinata with oak coppice
Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
4 871
Pinus rigida-Quercus
East of Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
4 872
Pinus rigida sprouting the first season after a winter burn
East of Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
4 873
Pinus rigida and Quercus marylandica sprouting in midummer following a winter burn
East of Lebanon State Forest, New Jersey. 1941
4 874
Old field colonized by Pinus strobus, Betula papyrifera and Populus tremuloides
Massachusetts. 1941
4 875
Physocarpus and other shrubs killed by overgrazing by sheep, in Pinus ponderosa-Pseudotsuga [Ponderosa pine-Douglas Fir] forest
Latah County, Idaho. 1942
4 876
Physocarpus and other shrubs killed by overgrazing by sheep, in Pinus ponderosa-Pseudotsuga [Ponderosa pine-Douglas Fir] forest
Latah County, Idaho. 1942
4 877
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association (climatic climax)
Prosser, Washington. 1942
4 878
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum association (climatic climax)
Prosser, Washington. 1942
4 879
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spciatum association (climatic climax)
Prosser, Washington. 1942
4 880
Artemisia-Agropyron association
John Day River Valley, Oregon. 1942
4 881
Burned Artemisia-Agropyron association showing dead Artemisia
Prosser, Washington. 1942
4 882
Mounds of volcanic ash (with Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron) separated by erosional scabland surface (with Artemisia rigida)
South of Bickleton, Washington. 1942
4 883
Quercus garryana in shallow draw in Agropyron-Poa zone
South of Toppenish, Washington. 1942
4 884
Ponderosa pine confined to draws at lower timberline
Hardman, Oregon. 1942
4 885
Abandoned field with Chrysothamnus nauseosus and Bromus tectorum beside near-virgin Agropyron-Poa assocation with scattered Chrysothamnus
Pilot Rock, Oregon. 1942
4 886
Wind-lodged wheat
Walla Walla, Washington. 1942
4 887
Virgin Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] prairie with Balsamorhiza [balsamroot], Helianthella [Helianthella], etc.
Whitman County, Washington. 1942
4 888
Apple tree decorticated by Microtus [prairie vole]
Moscow, Idaho. 1942
4 889
Pinus monticola reproduction under relic white pines following light burning of cut-over area
North of Pierce, Idaho. 1942
4 890
Gravel freshly piled by gold dredge
Near Elk City, Idaho. 1942
4 891
Gravel freshly piled by gold dredge, farther away from dredge, showing plant colonization
Near Elk City, Idaho. 1942
4 892
Abies lasiocarpa along upper edge of grassland
Mount Spokane, Washington. 1942
4 893
Lodgepole pine - dense stand
Near Sandpoint, Idaho. 1942
4 894
Incorrect type of exclosure
Near Headquarters, Idaho. 1942
4 895
Phlox rigida association, with Hieraceum albertinum, Festuca viridula and one Senecio integerrimus in flower
North of Baldy Mountain, Washington. 1943 June 25
4 896
Xerophyllum association, in fower in foreground about 75 cm tall
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 July 13
4 897
Bald on Lookingglass Ridge showing alternation of grass-dominated and Xerophyllum-dominated prairie is not realted to tree distribution. Pseudotsuga and P. albicaulis are principal trees with some Abies in upper left
Lookingglass Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 898
Dense stand of grasses with Carex geyeri, Achillea, Eriogonum, Hieraceum, etc. showing no effect of grazing or rodent disturbance. Turf continuous, erosion nil
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 899
Degeneration of grassland under grazing. Note broken turf, erosion from lower sides of bunches and deposition on upper, sheep droppings. Agropyron, Senecio, Lupinus are chief plants.
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 900
Further degeneration of above [#899] on same date. Topsoil gone. Lupinus, Achillea, Valeriana, Erigeron salsuginosus
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 901
Erosion undercutting grass bunch
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 902
Snowbank about 20 feet deep along north side. Note crevasses and bent trees indicating movement
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 903
Snow-stunted Abies lasiocarpa and P. albicaulis just to lee, snow 6 feet deep here
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 June 29
4 904
Snow patch vegetation dominated by Carex spp., with adjacent dwarfed conifers
Gisborn Ridge. 1943 September 13
4 905
Climax forest of Picea engelmannii and Abies lasiocarpa (both silhouetted) with undergrowth predominately Menziesia ferruginea. North Ridge Road.
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1943
4 906
Near-climax Picea engelmannii [Engelmann spruce] forest (one Douglas fir in view)
Moscow Mountain, Moscow, Idaho. 1943 October 01
4 907
Climax Thuja-Tsuga forest
Canyon Creek Natural Area, Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1943
4 908
Pinus monticola in Abies lasiocarpa-Tsuga heterophylla climax
Tarlac Creek Drainage, Bonner County, Idaho. 1943
4 909
Pseudotsuga climax forest
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1943
4 910
Pseudotsuga climax forest, near C plot #6
Latah County, Idaho. 1943 September 26
4 911
Soil profile freshly exposed, in Fescue-symphoricarpus [Fescue-snowberry] prairie
Near Moscow, Idaho. 1943
4 912
Forest invading bottom on circque
North side of Mount Roothaan, Boundary County, Idaho. 1943
4 913
Abies lasiocarpa injured by persistent snow. Tree straight at base 179 years, one bent at base 171 years. First from forest, second from snow dwarfed Abies scrub
Horton Ridge Lookout, Idaho. 1944
4 914
Abies lasiocarpa: 2 specimens 2-3 meters tall removed from forest showing replacement of dead terminal by laterals
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 915
Abies lasiocarpa: 3.9 meters tall, removed from forest, showing final recovery after repeated severe damge. However, heart is rotten, infeciton presumably entering thru former injury
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 916
Snowpatch area, 6400 feet, north slope
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944 July 03
4 917
Climax spruce-fir stand, south slope, 6000 feet. Undergrowth: Vaccinium mem., Xerophyllum, Luzula glabrata with a little Rhododendron
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 918
Abies lasiocarpa-Picea engelmannii cimax on north slope. Undergrowth: Menziesia, Rhododendron, etc.
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 919
Lake in spruce-fir zone being filled in with moss and sedge peat
Southeast of Mount Roothaan, Idaho. 1944
4 920
Inlet to lake (#919), water level about 2 dm lower than in spring - and Sanguidsorba occidentalis next mosses
Southeast of Mount Roothaan, Idaho. 1944 August 31
4 921
Brown felt fungus on small Abies lasiocarpa taken where snow persists late
Horton Ridge, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 922
Frost cracks on Pinus albicaulis about 50 cm in diameter; cracks very from 28-36 cm in length
Horton Ridge, Boundary County, east of Nordman, Idaho. 1944
4 923
Frost crack about 8 mm wide in decorticated spruce, showing lips; spruce-fir zone
Horton Ridge, Idaho. 1944
4 924
Old burn on south slope. Vaccinium mem., Xerophyllum with Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus albicaulis
Horton Ridge, Idaho. 1944
4 925
Polytrichum invading granite, followed by Vaccinium membran. and Carex rossii; spruce-fir zone: 6300 feet
Mount Roothaan, Idaho. 1944
4 926
Seral forest in arborvitae-hemlock forest just after severe crown fire
West of East Dennis Butte, Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1944
4 927
Seral forest in arborvitae-hemlock forest just after severe crown fire
West of East Dennis Butte, Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1944
4 928
Pinus monticola in arborvitae-hemlock zone
Southern Boundary County, Idaho. 1944
4 929
Larix occidentalis reproduction on logged and burned area
Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 930
Nymphaea-Brassenia zone above, Carex zone in foreground with Nymphaea relic
Hager Lake, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 931
Near-virgin arm of Gleason Meadows
Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 932
Effect of landslide recurring at each spring thaw on trees. Some Larix and Thuja dead.
Torelle Falls, Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 933
Lonicera ciliosa of Amerlanchier florida
Bonner County, Idaho. 1944
4 934
Sapsucker damage to Thuja
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1944
4 935
Open Douglas fir zone on south slope, dense arborvitae-hemlock vegetation on north slope
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1944
4 936
Douglas fir replacing Pinus ponderosa
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1944
4 937
Root system of Coralorhiza maculata, excavated in April
Idaho. 1944 April 01
4 938
Lonicera ciliosa entwined about Amelanchier florida
Idaho. 1944
4 939
Root system of Populus trichocarpa showing vertical roots ending at a level corresponding to average height of stream
East of Viola, Idaho. 1944
4 940
Abies lasiocarpa and Picea engelmannii replacing Pinus contorta on ridge
East of Red River Ranger Station, Idaho County, Idaho. 1944
4 941
Climax stand of Abies grandis with a small amount of Pseudotsuga
Meadow Creek, Idaho County, Idaho. 1944
4 942
Burned over Thuja forest (11 years after 1934 fire). Now dominated b Salix-Ceanothus veluntinus thicket about 4 meters tall
North of Van Camp Lookout, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
4 943
Same burned area as #942 showing Salix-Acer thicket being replaced by Pseudotsuga
East of Frenchman Butte, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
4 944
Same burned area as #942 showing Pseudotsuga following Salix
Walde Junction, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
4 945
Old climax stand of Thuja containing a little Abies grandis
East of Walde Lookout, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
4 946
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa with undergrowth containing Pachystima, Coptis, etc.
Frenchman Butte, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
4 947
Sedge meadow in Spruce-fir zone. Meadow dominated by Calamagrostis and Carex 45161, 45162 with some Dodecatheon jeffreyi; Ledum and Pinus monticola conspicuous around edge
Canyon Creek, Idaho County, Idaho. 1945
4 948
Bald on Grandmother Mountain looking west
East of Clarkia, Idaho. 1945
4 949
Edge of burn in Pinus ponderosa forest that killed Purshia
4 miles south of Fruitland, Stevens County, Washington. 1946 July 02
4 950
Pinus ponderosa climax with Festuca idahoensis dominant underneath
2 miles north of Spangle, Washington. 1946
4 951
Rhus glabra on thin soil of outcrop, other shrubs around talus above, wheatgrass-bluegrass zone
West of Julietta, Idaho. 1946
4 952
Wind-lodged wheat
Cul de Sac, Idaho. 1946 June 19
4 953
Newly deposited silt on floodplain under Crataegus douglasii [black hawthorn]
Paradise Creek, east of Pullman, Washington. 1946
4 954
Artemisia tridentata confined to rocky soil at edge of its range, probably ponderosa pine zone
11 miles south of Kettle Falls, Washington, on Columbia River. 1946
4 955
Rodent and worm burrows (the latter about 1 cm in diameter, and filled with roots) in soil that has long been under cultivation. Stake is inserted 1 meter below soil surface
West of Pullman, Washington. 1947
4 956
Rodent and worm burrows (the latter about 1 cm in diameter, and filled with roots) in soil that has long been under cultivation. Stake is inserted 1 meter below soil surface
West of Pullman, Washington. 1947
4 957
Typical undergrowth under Picea engelmanni-Abies lasiocarpa forest that is dominated by Vaccinium scoparium
Near Columbia Ridge Lookout, south of Orogrande, Idaho. 1947 August 24
4 958
Invasion of river gravels that have recently been worked over by gold dredge
Near Elk City, Idaho. 1947
4 959
Taxodium knees - specimens at University of Minnesota - Missing
University of Minnesota. circa 1947-1948
4 960
Capsules of Yucca glauca after Pronuba larvae have emerged - Missing
Colorado. circa 1947-1948
4 961
Corallorhiza - Missing
Idaho. circa 1947-1948
4 962
Floating fruits of Nymphaea polysepalum - Missing
Colorado. circa 1947-1948
4 963
Drosera rotendifolia - Missing
Minnesota. circa 1947-1948
4 964
Kalmia latifolia - Missing
Tennessee. circa 1947-1948
4 965
Psychotria bacteriophylla - Missing
Butler University, Indiana. circa 1947-1948
4 966
Pinguicula vulgaris - Missing
Minnesota. circa 1947-1948
4 967
Arceuthobium on Pinus ponderosa - Missing
Colorado. circa 1947-1948
4 968
Festuca idahoensis-Agropyron [Idaho fescue-bunchgrass] association with scattered Symphoricarpos-Rosa-Prunus [snowberry-rose-slender cinquefoil] thickets
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1948 July 03
4 969
Palouse prairie. Camera pointed due west. Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] on north slope, Agropyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] on south slope
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1948 July 03
4 970
Palouse prairie. Camera pointed due west. Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] on north slope, Agropyron-Poa [bunchgrass-bluegrass] on south slope
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1948 July 03
4 971
Festuca idahoensis dominating undergrowth in climax Pinus ponderosa stand
North of Spangle, Washington. 1948
4 972
Climax Pinus ponderosa stand with undergrowth dominated by Symphoricaros, Rosa, and Spiraea
Valley Ford, Washington. 1948 July 08
4 973a
Avalanche track through spruce-fir zone
Skalkaho Pass (west side) in Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 973b
Avalanche track through spruce-fir zone
Skalkaho Pass (west side) in Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 974
Xerophyllum tenax union in spruce-fir forest
West of Skalkaho Pass, Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948 July 12
4 975
Vaccinium scoparium union with Calamagrostis rubescens as principle herb, under spruce-fir forest
East of Skalkaho Pass, Sapphire Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 976
Sharp ecotone with Agropyron spicatum prairie on south slope and Pseudotsuga on north slope
West of Georgetown Lake, Montana. 1948
4 977
Morainic topography in valley
Between Anaconda and Lake George, Montana. 1948
4 978
Stipa comata-Bouteloua gracilis in silhouette
10 miles southeast of Pipestone Pass, Montana. circa 1948
4 979
Juniperus-Pinus flexilis
6 miles east of Sheridan, Montana. 1948
4 980
Cercocarpus ledifolius
6 miles east of Sheridan, Montana. 1948
4 981
Interfingering of forest and grassland
North of Alder, Montana. 1948
4 982
Pothole in moraine. Pseudotsuga, Picea engelmannii, Populus tremuloides
North of Black Butte, Gravelly Range, Montana. 1948
4 983
Vigilante Experimental Range in Gravelly Range looking northeast from 7500 feet sagebrush-grass above and below patches of Pseudotsuga and aspen, with some spruce-fir on north slopes
Montana. 1948
4 984
Juniperus-Pinus flexilis above with Cercocarpus ledifolius-Rhus trilobata below on side of valley
7 miles east of Norris, Montana. 1948
4 985
Wind erosion on west side of ridgetops; moraines. Agropyron smithii-Stipa comata type of grassland with some Juniperus horizontalis
East of Roscoe, Montana. 1948
4 986
Wind erosion on west side of ridgetops; moraines. Agropyron smithii-Stipa comata type of grassland with some Juniperus horizontalis
East of Roscoe, Montana. 1948
4 987
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum stand where road going north from Cooke City, Wyoming first crosses Lake Creek, Montana. Festuca idahoensis second most important grass, see list in notes.
Lake Creek, Montana. 1948
4 988
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum stand where road going north from Cooke City, Wyoming first crosses Lake Creek, Montana. Festuca idahoensis second most important grass, see list in notes.
Lake Creek, Montana. 1948
4 989
Rock surface succession on granitic roches moutonees. (1) Selaginella, Bryum, crustose lichen, (2) Danthonia intermedia, Festuca, Agrostis, Senecio, Antennaria
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 990
Rock surface succession on granitic roches moutonees. (1) Selaginella, Bryum, crustose lichen, (2) Danthonia intermedia, Festuca, Agrostis, Senecio, Antennaria, (3) Festuca idahoensis, (4) Sagebrush grass, (5?) Spruce-fir
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 991
Climax alpine meadow above Island Lake; dominated by Carex and grasses with scattered Polygonum bistortoides and other forbs
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 992
"Ice action"? at edge of alpine pond; Carex and Salix predominate
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 993
Picea and Pinus flexilis at timberline above Long Lake
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 994
Upper timberline north of the summit (timberline 10,600 feet)
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 995
Alpine vegetation, general view north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 996
Alpine fell-field north of summit: Silene acaulis, Trisetum spicatum, Sieversia turbinata, Selaginella
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 997
Salix growing in wet phase of alpine zone north of summit. Caltha leptosepala abundant
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 998
Alpine fell-field with Dryas Silene acaulis and Trifolium, 8.4 miles north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
4 999
Wind-pruned Pinus flexilis and Picea engelmannii 8 miles north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1000
Wind-pruned Picea with dead stub projecting, 8 miles north of summit
Beartooth Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1001
Mountain park on south slope of ridge just east of Big Timber Peak and just south of dude ranch in Big Timber Canyon. Park continuous with grassland of basal plain; dominated by Festuca idahoensis-Artemisia tridentata; Pseudotsuga along summit of ridge an
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1002
Big Timber Peak viewed from east showing upper timberline
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1003
Treeless valley bottom in ravine extending east from Big Timber Peak. Drummholz along margin, snow patches persist late, some truly alpine spp.
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1004
Pinus flexilis at 8,200 feet on Big Timber Peak
Crazy Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1005
Bouteloua gracilis dominant on overgrazed range
Harlowton, Montana. 1948
5 1006
Atols of Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus albicaulis at 8,000 feet
King's Hill, Montana. 1948
5 1007
Profile of soil and vegetation in Festuca oveira-idahoensis-dominated alpine meadow, 8030 feet
King's Hill, Montana. 1948
5 1008
Climax alpine meadow at 8030 feet. Festuca (ovina?) most important, Danthonia intermedia second, Luzula spicata, third, Deschampsia atropurpurea fourth, with Pea, Geum triflorum cliliatum, Achillea, Polygonum bistortoides, Pentstemon (procerus?), Erigeron
King's Hill, Montana. 1948
5 1009
Gradual transition from Pinus albicaulis forest to alpine tundra
Between King's Hill and Big Baldy, Montana. 1948
5 1010
Hail damage to Salix
Stanford, Montana. 1948 July 25
5 1011
Looking southeast; Prunus virginiana and Populus tremulides at lower timberline, Pseudotsgua, probably Picea-Abies near summit
Highwood Mountains, Montana. 1948
5 1012
Pseudotsgua and Pinus flexilis on snowslide area along Josephine Lake
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1948
5 1013
Pinus flexilis, wind-deformed trees at lower timberline just below Gibson Dam
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
5 1014
Pinus flexilis, wind-deformed trees at lower timberline just below Gibson Dam
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
5 1015
Pinus flexilis, wind-deformed trees at lower timberline just below Gibson Dam - Missing
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
5 1016
Forest vegetation, Pinus flexilis to spruce-fir zone, looking south across the Sun River
below Gibson Dam, Montana. 1948
5 1017
Pinus flexilis (Juniperus scopulorum rare) stand on moraine at junction of north and south forks of Teton River
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
5 1018
Pinus flexilis (Juniperus scopulorum rare) stand on moraine at junction of north and south forks of Teton River
West of Choteau, Montana. 1948
5 1019
Edge of aspen groveland as seen from a point south of Duck Lake looking westnorthwest toward Chief Mountain. Isolated trees are Abies lasiocarpa, Pseudotsuga and Pinus contorta. Dominant grasses: Festuca scabrella, Danthoni, Festuca idahoensis, Koeleria,
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1948
5 1020
Soil-vegetation profile. Dominant grasses: Danthonia parryi, Agropyron dasystachyum, A. trachycaulon
6.5 miles north of Babb, Montana. 1948
5 1021
Soil-vegetation profile. Dominant grasses: Danthonia parryi, Agropyron dasystachyum, A. trachycaulon
6.5 miles north of Babb, Montana. 1948
5 1022
Grassland opening in aspen grove land. Vegetation typical of aspen belt
Southeast of Lower Saint Maries Lake, Montana. 1948 August 02
5 1023
Landslide prevented and succession promoted by log lattice. Trifolium, Larix, and Salix invading
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1948 August 01
5 1024
Dense stand of yound Pinus contorta and Pseudotsuga 19 years old beneath relic Larix
North fork of Flathead River south of mouth of Canyon Creek, Montana. 1948
5 1025
Dense stand of Pinus contorta 20 years old
North Fork of Flathead River, Montana. 1948
5 1026
Pinus ponderosa climax with Purshia and Bromus tectorum undergrowth
4 miles northWest of Eureka, Montana. 1948
5 1027
Pinus ponderosa (planted 1934) and P. monticola (adventive) 1/2 miles north of Blister Rust Headquarters
Kalispel Bay, Priest Lake, Idaho. 1948 August 09
5 1028
Pinus ponderosa (planted 1934) and P. monticola (adventive) 1/2 miles north of Blister Rust Headquarters
Kalispel Bay, Priest Lake, Idaho. 1948 August 09
5 1029
Bog zones. Nymphaea-Brassenia, Carex-Scripus, Spraea menziesii, Pinus monticola-Thuja
Hager Lake, Bonner County, Idaho. 1948
5 1030
Thuja-Tsuga climax with Fatsia dominating undergrowth
Roosevelt Grove, Washington. 1948
5 1031
Typical undergrowth beneth climax Thuja-Tsuga forest. Within 1 miles of stake: Tiarella, Linnaea, Clintonia, Adensocaulon, Smilacina stellata, Athyrium filix foemina, Rubus parvflorus, Vaccinium membranaceum, Hieracium albiflorum, Lastrea dryopteris, Good
Roosevelt Grove, Washington. 1948
5 1032
Large Thuja plicata
Roosevelt Grove, Pend Oreille County, Washington. 1949
5 1033
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa with undergrowth dominanted by Menziesia ferruginea
divide east of Sullivan Lake, Washington. 1949
5 1034
Picea engelmannii-Abies lasiocarpa with undergrowth dominanted by Menziesia ferruginea
divide east of Sullivan Lake, Washington. 1949
5 1035
Abies grandis-Pachystima climax, Meadow Creek region
Southeast of Harpster, Idaho. 1949
5 1036
Pseudotsuga taxifolia [Douglas Fir], near-climax stand
West end of Thatuna Ridge, Latah County, Idaho. 1949
5 1037
Pseudotsuga taxifolia [Douglas Fir], near-climax stand with stake
West end of Thatuna Ridge, Latah County, Idaho. 1949
5 1038
Pinus ponderosa-Physocarpus [Ponderosa pine-ninebark] climax
West of Viola, Idaho. 1949 August 18
5 1039
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos [Ponderosa pine-snowberry] climax
West end of Thatuna Ridge, Latah County, Idaho. 1949
5 1040a
Pinus ponderosa-Purshia climax
17 miles north of Davenport, Washington. 1949
5 1040b
Pinus ponderosa-Purshia climax
17 miles north of Davenport, Washington. 1949
5 1041
Pinus ponderosa-Festuca idahoensis association
Spokane, Washington. 1949
5 1042
Pinus ponderosa-Festuca idahoensis association
Spokane, Washington. 1949
5 1043
Wind-deformed Pseudotsuga taxifolia
Columbia River Gorge, Washington. 1949
5 1044
Wind-deformed Pseudotsuga taxifolia
Columbia River Gorge, Oregon. 1949
5 1045
View of virgin 2-acre tract of vegetation on campus of State College of Washington
State College of Washington. 1949 November 01
5 1046
Virgin prairie. White dots mark permanent stakes for frequency study from fence to right
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
5 1047
Virgin prairie. White dots mark permanent stakes for frequency study from fence to right. Camera turned slightly to show location of line by white dots. Area has been open to grazing by horses and cattle for at least 40 years but being a north slope there
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
5 1048
Detailed view of virgin Festuca idahoensis-Symphoricarpos [idaho fescue-snowberry] prairie
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
5 1049
Detailed view of grazed prairie
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1949 July 02
5 1050
Artificial pasture. Composed of Bromus inermis [smooth brome] in bottom of swale, and Poa pratensis [Kentucky bluegrass] on slope above. Poa desiccated
Pullman, Washington. 1949 July 11
5 1051
Artemisia tridentata-Festuca idahoensis [big sagebrush-idaho fescue] association. Edaphic climax on volcanic ash
Washtucna, Washington. 1949 June 01
5 1052
Detail of community in near-virgin condition. Artemisia tridentata-Festuca idahoensis [big sagebrush-idaho fescue] association. Edaphic climax on volcanic ash
Washtucna, Washington. 1949 June 01
5 1053
Bromus tectorum stand residual after burning of Artemisia tridentata
East of Moses Lake, Washington. 1949
5 1054
Menziesia ferruginea severely hedged by pika browsing; spruce-fir zone
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1949 September 03
5 1055
Menziesia ferruginea severely hedged by pika browsing; spruce-fir zone moderately browsed
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1949 September 03
5 1056
Menziesia ferruginea severely hedged by pika browsing; spruce-fir zone moderately browsed
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1949 September 03
5 1057
Menziesia growing at edge of rock slide where it is practically undamaged by pika
unknown. 1949
5 1058
Near-virgin Festuca ovina assocation above timberline
Gravelly Range, Montana. 1949
5 1059
Floating Sphagnum mat with Myrica gale
Blaney Lake, U.B.C. Forest Camp, British Columbia. 1949 June 01
5 1060
Thuja-Tsuga-Gaultheria shallon invading Sphagnum-Myrica gale mat with trees well out on mat
Blaney Lake, U.B.C. Forest Camp, British Columbia. 1949 June 01
5 1061
Isolated stands of Pinus (albicaulis) in alpine zone
Gravelly Range, Montana. 1949
5 1062
Isolated stands of Pinus (albicaulis) in alpine zone
Gravelly Range, Montana. 1949
5 1063
Graduate students in plant ecology. Top row, left to right: DuWayne Goodwin, Lloyd Hulbert, Wm. Bridge Cooke, Daniel Lynch, Robert McMinn; lower row left to right: John Rumsely, Jack Secor, Raymond Turner
Washington State University. 1949 October 01
5 1064
Chrysothamnus-Distichlis community showing effect of cultivation in bringing salts to surface. Sagebrush-grass zone
North of Baker, Oregon. 1949
5 1065
Pal formed in Carex rostrata fen by skiing which compacted snow and allowed exceptionally deep frost action in moraine beneath peat; about 1 meter tall, but are eroding away
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1066
Rock crater just beginning to form in frost-heave area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1067
Frost boil
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1068
Rock crater well developed in frost-heave area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1069
Rock net, caused by frost action
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1070
Boulder recently heaved up by frost action; soil mantle on yet completely eroded off; highest tip has been colonized by lichens
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1071
Park in Betula pubescens var. tortuosa forest where trees cannot invade on account of severe frost action
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1072
Rock crater in frost-heave area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1073
Salix herbacea community on soil showing solifluction: surface moves while subsoil is still frozen
Near Katterjakk, Sweden. 1950
5 1074
Salix herbacea community on soil showing solifluction: surface moves while subsoil is still frozen
Near Katterjakk, Sweden. 1950
5 1075
Solifluction showing three large lobes that have moved at irregular intervals
Katterjakk, Sweden. 1950
5 1076
Bare spot in Dryas octopetala heath indicating solifluction
Near Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1077
Solifluction in Dryas octopetala heath with Salix glauca in ravine
Near Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1078
Frost polygons
Near Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1079
Large frost boil in naturally unforested area
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1080
Frost boils showing slight solifluction
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1081
Boulder with Vaccinium myrtillus mat lifted so high by frost heaving that inadequate snow cover is killing the mat on top
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1082
Mudflow ripples on solifluction area
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
5 1083
Rock stripes
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
5 1084
Frost polygons without stones
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
5 1085
Frost-heaving killing plants so that erosion can start. Lower alpine belt with Betula nana and Empetrum hermaphroditum
Swedish Lappland. 1950
5 1086
Mudfow wrinkles in solifluction area
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
5 1087
Stone nets formed by frost action
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
5 1088
Stone stripe with broken sod ridge
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
5 1089
Parmelia olivacea on trunk of Betula only above level on winter snow (Betula pubescens tortuosa-Vaccinium-Empetrum association)
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1090
Parmelia olivacea on trunk of Betula only above level on winter snow (Betula pubescens tortuosa-Vaccinium-Empetrum association) on north shore of Lake Tornetrask, Sweden
Abisko Valley, Sweden. 1950
5 1091
Parmelia olivacea growing to ground on birch situated on bluff where snow cannot accumulate in winter
Lake Tornetrask, Sweden. 1950
5 1092
Carex juncella with trunk composed of interlaced rhizomes and roots, and covered with moss
Abisko Turistation, Sweden. 1950
5 1093
Park in upper part of Betula pubescens var. tortuosa zone, caused by excessive snow drifting. Geranium, Trollium, Alchemilla and Solidago conspicuous in center; Salix glauca around edge
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
5 1094
Upper limit of Betula pubescens var. tortuosa forest. Vaccinium mytrillus heath where snow cover in inadequate for Betula, Salix where there is too much snow
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
5 1095
Betula pubescens var. tortuosa forest in subalpine zone
Abisko, Sweden. 1950
5 1096
Einar DuRietz
Swedish Lappland. 1950 July 23
5 1097
Einar DuRietz
Swedish Lappland. 1950 July 23
5 1098
Vegetation zonation related to snow depth. Granitic soil. Salix herbacea at bottom where snow persists late and there is solifluction. Deschampsia flexuosa belt a little higher where snow melts earlier. Vaccinium myrtillus belt where snow cover is thin
Swedish Lappland. 1950
5 1099
Dryas-Cassiope heath on windswept ridges, Salix glauca in draw with snow protection in winter. Solifluction evident
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1100
Glaciated valley floor in Betula pubescens var. tortuosa belt
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1101
Dryas octopetala mat being eroded by wind
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1102
Saxifraga oppositifolia with a little Silene acaulis and Dryas octopatala on extremely wind-swept slope. Calcareous schist
Kopparason, Sweden. 1950
5 1103
Peat hummocks about 1/2 meter tall around margin of Carex mire. First Scirpus caespitosus forms tussocks, these become invaded by Tallictrum alpinum, Tofeldia palustris and moss, then Vaccinium uliginosum and Empetrum hermaphroditum take over. Scattered B
Bjorkliden, Sweden. 1950
5 1104
Succession on glaciated granite: Aira flexuos and Calluna vulgaris growing on peaty material; Quercus and Populus trumula forming dwarfed forest
Botanical Gardens grounds at Gothenburg, Sweden. 1950
5 1105
Mutants of Picea abies in Botanical Garden. f. remota to right (dense, conical); f. birgata center; f. nidiflormis left foreground in doughtnut form; var. nana to left above (globular, short-needled); f. echiniformis (behind nidifica, a compact polster)
Gothenburg, Sweden. 1950
5 1106
Excursion group on salt marsh
Southern tip of Sweden. 1950
5 1107
Skanor heath: Myrica gale, Calluna vulgaris and erica tetralix dominant under heavy grazing which keeps out Quercus and Betula
25 kilometers south of Landskrona, Sweden. 1950
5 1108
Picea abies forest with ground cover of Vaccinium myrtillus, Hylocomnium schreberi and H. splendens, 170 years old. A few Fagus and Quercus seedlings suggest that deciduous forest may be climax here.
Nytaboda, Skone, Sweden. 1950
5 1109
Picea abies forest with ground cover of Vaccinium myrtillus, Hylocomnium schreberi and H. splendens, 170 years old. A few Fagus and Quercus seedlings suggest that deciduous forest may be climax here. Also with delic Pinus sylvestris
Nytaboda, Skone, Sweden. 1950
5 1110
Young stand of same type as 1108 showing heap of stones accumulated during former period of cultivation
Gyllsboda, Skona, Sweden. 1950
5 1111
Mosses, chiefly Hypnum cupressiforme, confined to granite boulders projecting above leaf litter in Fagus ylvatica forest
Tronto, Sweden. 1950
5 1112
Deschamsia-Betula verrucosa-Juniperus communis community characteristic on lands grazed too heavily for oak-beech climax to develop; even spruce can't invade
Near Karlskrona, Sweden. 1950
5 1113
Ice-pushed ridge about 2 meters high
Lake Fiolen, Sweden. 1950
5 1114
Pinus sylvestris: narrow and broad-crowned biotypes growing in same stand
Smoland, Sweden. 1950
5 1115
Excursion members and chauffeurs
Gyllene Uttern near Granna, Sweden. 1950 July 10
5 1116
Carex juncella in older part of fen showing invasion by mosses, Betula pubescens, Salix, empetrum, Eriophorum, Polygonum viviparum
Abisko Turistation, Sweden. 1950
5 1117
Fen, with dwarf birch forest and alpine tundra in background
Mount Nuolja near Abisko, Sweden. 1950
5 1118
Pinus monticola and Larix occidentalis, the former showing winterkilled zone of foilage two growing seasons afterward
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1950 September 01
5 1119
Larix occidentalis: old trees showing scorched bark and young trees that have started subsequent to fire
Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho. 1951
5 1120
Artemisia/Festuca idahoensis [sagebrush/idaho fescue] stand in excellent condition
4.4 miles West of Lind, Washington. 1951 April 01
5 1121
Alnus-Populus trichocarpa floodplain forest
Asotin Creek, Washington. 1951 April 15
5 1122
Alnus-Populus trichocarpa floodplain forest
Asotin Creek, Washington. 1951 April 15
5 1123
Festuca/Symphoricarpos grassland in contact with Pseudotsuga/Physocarpus forest; looking down west spur of Tekoa Mountain
Tekoa Mountain. 1951 April 10
5 1124
Fossil stone stripe on south slope of west spur of Tekoa Mountain
Tekoa Mountain. 1951 April 10
5 1125
Pinus ponderosa/Festuca idahoensis stand. Principal undergrowth: Agropyron spicatum, Festuca idahoensis, Koeleria cristata, Balsemorhiza sagittata
Spokane, Washington. 1951 April 11
5 1126
Pinus ponderosa/Symphoricarpos [Ponderosa pine/snowberry] stand
Union Flat Creek, West of Pullman, Washington. 1951 April 11
5 1127
Crataegus douglasii/Heracleum [black hawthorn/cowparsnip] stand
Union Flat Creek, West of Pullman, Washington. 1951 April 11
5 1128
Union Flat valley showing Crataegus [hawthorn] communities
West of Pullman, Washington. 1951 April 11
5 1129
Picea-Abies lasisocarpa/Pachistima stand
Frenchman Butte, Idaho County, Idaho. 1951 June 28
5 1130
Pinus contorta/Calamagrostis rubescens stand in Pseudotsuga zone
3 miles north of Kimberly, British Columbia. 1951
5 1131
Succession leading to climax dominated by Picea glauca
Vermillion River, British Columbia. 1951
5 1132
Young pod without macroscopic vegetation
Columbia Icefields, Banff National Park, Canada. 1951
5 1133
Populus tremuloides and Picea glauca
Triangle, West of High Prairie, Alberta. 1951
5 1134
Pond with Picea mariana, Betula glandulosa (including some Larix), anchored sedges, and waterlilly zones
271 miles northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1135
Fen with Carex and Salix along Rancheria River
218 miles westnorthWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1136
Artemisia frigida-grass community after scattered Populus tremuloides had been eliminated by fire
51 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1137
Artemisia frigida-grass balds on exposed south facing bluffs
46 miles from Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1138
Saline pond in desiccated condition. Salicornia on dried salt layer, then grasses, Salix, Populus-Picea
29 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1139
Dry grassland, probably representing a pond with less intense salinity
around 29 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1140
Picea glauca and Betula papyrifera
60 miles south of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
5 1141
Timberline at Summit Lake (Picea glauca, Pinus contorta, Abies lasiocarpa)
95 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
5 1142
Abies lasiocarpa at timberline above Summit Lake with Betula glandulosa and Cladonia conspicuous
95 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
5 1143
Picea mariana muskeg
100 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
5 1144
Vegetation belts about a pond in British Columbia
8 miles south of Watson Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1145
Timberline at Summit Lake
95 miles West of Fort Nelson, British Columbia. 1951
5 1146
Picea gauca savanna with Salix and a little Betula glandulosa in subalpine zone
10 miles southeast of Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1147
Picea glauca forming muskeg with Ledum decumbens near Upper Donjek River
West of Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1148
Soil horizons buried by avalanching
Kluane Lake, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1149
Picea glauca replacing Populus tremuloides
Snag Creek, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1150
Populus tremuloides/Arctostaphylos on south slope; Picea mariana/Ledum-Vaccinium vitis-idaea on north slope of dune
38 miles southeast of Tok Junction, Alaska. 1951
5 1151
Pond formed by melting of permafrost; leaning trees
50 miles West of Tok Junction, Alaska. 1951
5 1152
Grasslands on south-facing bluffs surrounded by aspen belts
Between Tok and Big Delta junctions, Alaska. 1951
5 1153
Grassland on buffalo range, gravelly outwash
West of Big Delta junction, Alaska. 1951
5 1154
Picea glauca at upper timberline on Eagle Summit
109 miles northeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. 1951
5 1155
Solifluction. Alpine zone on Eagle Summit
109 miles northeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. 1951
5 1156
Grasslands on south slopes of recessional moraines in British Columbia
89 miles north of Haines, Alaska. 1951
5 1157
Picea sitchensis at upper timberline in British Columbia
North of Haines, Alaska. 1951
5 1158
Picea sitchensis with Alnus-Salix thickets at upper timberlines in British Columbia, evelation 1850 feet
North of Haines, Alaska. 1951
5 1159
Picea sitchensis with Alnus-Salix thickets at upper timberlines in British Columbia, evelation 1850 feet
North of Haines, Alaska. 1951
5 1160
Betula glandulosa-Salix in a swale being invaded very poorly by conifers; possibly a frost hollow
105 miles northWest of Saint John, British Columbia. 1951
5 1161
Sharp ecotone between Pseudotsuga and grassland communities
East of Crowsnest Pass, Alberta. 1951
5 1162
Saline pond in desiccated condition. Salicornia on dried salt layer, then grasses, Salix, Populus-Picea
29 miles west-northWest of Whitehorse, Yukon Territory. 1951
5 1163
Stone net
West of Davenport, Washington. 1951
5 1164
Stone net and hummock
West of Davenport, Washington. 1951
5 1165
Graduate ecology students, above right to left: Lynch, Moomaw, Poulton, Murdock; below right to left: Secor, Rumely, Furman
Washington State University. 1951 January 10
5 1166
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum [big sagebrush/bunchgrass] stand
6 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1952 May 13
5 1167
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand
Between Mabdon and Bickleton, Washington. 1952 May 13
5 1168
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos albus [Idaho fescue/common snowberry] stand
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1952 June 07
5 1169
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos albus [Idaho fescue/common snowberry] stand
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1952 June 07
5 1170
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos albus [Idaho fescue/common snowberry] stand; area in upper right, uphill of plowed fire line was burned the preceding summer
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1952 June 07
5 1171
Bean crops protected by wattle windbreaks
North Dalles, Washington. 1952 June 15
5 1172
Dune invading stand of Pinus contorta
Waldport, Oregon. 1952
5 1173
Shrubs in draw off Wawawai Canyon. Photo taken about 30 feet downslope from a Craegus [hawthorn], about a mile down from the sideroad at the top of the canyon. See map fro identity of plants [map on back of Daubenmire's descriptions]
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952 June 26
5 1174
Profile of Festuca/Symphoricarpos [Fescue/snowberry] association
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952 June 24
5 1175
Profile of Festuca/Symphoricarpos [Fescue/snowberry] association
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952 June 24
5 1176
Detail of Festuca/Symphoricarpos [Fescue/snowberry] assocation
Wawawai Canyon, Washington. 1952
5 1177
Virgin stand of Artemisia tridentata/Festuca idahoensis [big sagebrush/idaho fescue]
4 miles north of Lind, Washington. 1952 June 26
5 1178
Graduate students in plant ecology. Left to right above: Charles Poulton, Harry Latimer, Alstair MacLean, Jack Secor, Thomas Furman, James Momaw, Jack Alex, DuWayne Goodwin, John Rumely, Donald Chapp
Blue Mountains. 1952 September 26
5 1179
Old Pinus ponderosa with understory of Abies grandis: North of Castle Creek Ranger Station
Nez Perce National Forest, Idaho. 1952
5 1180
No description
5 1181
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
2 miles north of Rosalia, Washington. 1953 May 10
5 1182
Zonation of associations: Elymus cinereus [basin wildrye], Artemisia tripartita [threetip sagebrush], Agropyron spicatum [bunchgrass], Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass]
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1953
5 1183
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand. Shows frost boil and pedistalled Poa
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1953
5 1184
General view of same stand as 1183
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1953
5 1185
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
West of La Crosse, Washington. 1953 May 17
5 1186
Artemisia tridentata/Bromus tectorum [threetip sagebrush, cheatgrass] stand
Lind, Washington. 1953 May 17
5 1187
Weathered road cut through soil supporting Artemisia tridentata/Festuca idahoensis [threetip sagebrush/idaho fescue] stand. Shows firm layer of sod held by roots of Poa [bluegrass]; caliche at about 1 meter depth
6 miles southeast of Lind, Washington. 1953 May 17
5 1188
Artemisia tridentata [threetip sagebrush] (left of stake), Chrysothamnus nauseosus [rubber rabbitbrush] (right), Purshia [bitterbrush] (far right)/Stipa comata-Oryzopsis hymenoides [needle and thread-Indian rice grass] stand on Winchester sand
Between Moses Lake and Burke Junction, Washington. 1953 June 08
5 1189
Fire-induced prairie dominated by Pteridium and Gaultheria shallon. In background is climax forest: Thuja-Tsuga/Vaccinium ovatum-Struthiopters Ahlstrom Prairie
West end of Quilliyute Prairie near Forks, Washington. 1953
5 1190
Picea sitchensis; tree formerly marginal, where forest is invading herbaceous vegetation
West end of Quilliyute Prairie near Forks, Washington. 1953
5 1191
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand
North of Burke Junction, Washington. 1953 June 05
5 1192
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum [threetip sagebrush/bunchbrass] stand in profel
6 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1953 May 01
5 1193
Pinus ponderosa/Symphoricarpos [Ponderosa pine/snowberry] stand
Thatuna Ridge, Idaho. 1953 May 25
5 1194
Pinus ponderosa/Physocarpus malvaceus [Ponderosa pine/mallow ninebark] stand
Thatuna Ridge, Idaho. 1953 May 25
5 1195
Pyrus diversifolia and Picea sitchensis invading Pteridium prairie
Quillayute Prairie, near Forks, Washington. 1953 June 01
5 1196
Land untilled being invaded by Pyrus diversifolia, and (on formerly plowed ground) by Picea sitchensis
Little Quillayute Prairie, Washington. 1953 June 10
5 1197
Pseudotsuga in Thuja-Tsuga forest
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1953
5 1198
Acer macrophyllum-Polystichum-Oxalis
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1953
5 1199
Acer macrophyllum-Polystichum-Oxalis
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1953
5 1200
Artemisia tridentata/Festuca idahoensis [threetip sagebrush/idaho fescue]
Southwest of Lind, Washington. 1953 June 13
5 1201
Characteristic form on Picea sitchensis
Near Terrace, British Columbia. 1953
5 1202
Profiles of Picea in regions just east of pure Picea sitchensis. Cones all typical of glauca, foliage longer than gauca
7 miles east of Skeena Crossing, British Columbia. 1953
5 1203
Profiles of Picea glauca
8 miles east of Vanderhoof, British Columbia. 1953
5 1204
Profiles of Picea glauca
2 miles east of Vanderhoof, Briitsh Columbia on road #16. 1953
5 1205
Landscape with Scirpus, Stipa grassland, aspen groves, and Pseudotsuga forest
13 miles south of Williams Lake, British Columbia. 1953
5 1206
Complex landscape with vegetation showing the effects of soil, fire, and microclimate
Kamloops, British Columbia. 1953
5 1207
Stipa spp., Poa secunda, Cirsium, Artemisia frigida, v. little Agropyron spicatum. Characteristic of middle grassland belt
Kamloops, British Columbia. 1953
5 1208
Upper grassland belt. Agropyron spicatum, Antennaria parvifolia, Achillea lanulosa, Astragalus serotinus, Balsamorhiza sagittata, Eriogonum heracleoides, Festuca scabrella, Geranium viscosissiumum, Lithospermum ruderale, Rosa, Stipa richardsonii, S. virid
Kamloops, British Columbia. 1953
5 1209
Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] and Chrysothamnus/Poa [rabbitbrush/bluegrass] fenceline caused by grazing in exclosure
Silcott, Washington. 1954 April 10
5 1210
Frost-heaved Poa secunda and Artemisia rigida
2 miles West of Wilbur, Washington. 1954
5 1211
Frost-heaved Poa secunda and Artemisia rigida
2 miles West of Wilbur, Washington. 1954
5 1212
Purshia/Stipa comata and Chrysothamnus/Bromus tectorum fenceline casued by overgrazing
Columbia River north of Wilbur, Washington. 1954
5 1213
Purshia/Stipa comata/Poa secunda with small amounts of Aristida, Sporobolus, and Balsamorhiza, on sandy loam with much fine gravel
Between Riverside and Omak, Washington. 1954 June 10
5 1214
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata with a little Sporobolus
2.1 miles south of Malott, Washington. 1954 June 10
5 1215
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron below with Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda at brow of hill
6 miles West of Vantage, Washington. 1954 June 11
5 1216
Alternation of Festuca viridula grassland and Picea-Abies/Xerophyllum forest (burned)
Between Clarkia and Roundtop, Idaho. 1954 July 15
5 1217
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand
North of Pateros, Washington. 1954 April 01
5 1218
Purshia tridentata/Agropyron spciatum/Poa secunda in virgin condition
3.4 miles south of Pateros, Washington. 1954
5 1219
Across the fence from above stand in pasture heavily used by cattle: Purshia/Bromus tectorum/Poa secunda
unknown. 1954
5 1220
Acanthocereus floridana growing at the ecotone between mangrove and hammock
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
5 1221
Opuntia keyensis
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
5 1222
Rhizophora magle about Whitewater Bay
Cape Sable, Florida. 1954
5 1223
Rhizophora magle about Whitewater Bay
Cape Sable, Florida. 1954
5 1224
Dwarf Taxodium ascendens with Mariscus jamaicensis growing on very thin marl over limestone flooded with freshwater
Everglades National Park, Florida. 1954
5 1225
Beach scrub with Coccolobus uvifera, Uniola paniculata and small amounts of Chrysobalanus and Serenoa
8 miles north of Palm Beach, Florida. 1954
5 1226
Taxodium ascendens forming "cypress heads" in wet prairie of upper Saint John's River valley
Southeast of Orlando, Florida. 1954
5 1227
Profile thru soil and vegetation of grassland on Goat Mountain Lookout. Agropyron spicatum and Festuca viridula dominant
Saint Joe National Forest. 1954 August 06
5 1228
Rain gage mounted with shield
Clarkia Ranger Station, Idaho. 1954
5 1229
Quercus laevis, Aristida stricta and Ceratiola ericoides dominating an ancient beach now far inland
3.6 miles West of Archer, Florida. 1954
5 1230
Quercus virginiana
Highland Hammock, Florida (near Sebring). 1954
5 1231
Low rainforest
Key Largo, Florida. 1954
5 1232
Low rainforest
Key Largo, Florida. 1954
5 1233
Pinus elliottii/Coccothrinax argentata-Thrinax microcarpa
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
5 1234
Root system of wind-thrown Pinus. Limestone has practically no mantle of soil
Big Pine Key, Florida. 1954
5 1235
Vegetation mosaic: P. contorta forest, Artemisia and herbaceous vegetation
Yellowstone National Park. 1954
5 1236
Ecotone between Stipa comata/Bouteloua prairie and Cercocarpus-Rhus trilobata scrub. Juniperus in ravines
East of Newcastle, Wyoming. 1954
5 1237
Landscape: Populus and Artemisia along valley bottom with Stipa/Bouteloua on hills
10 miles south of Newcastle, Wyoming. 1954
5 1238
Landscape: Populus, Sarcobatus, and Artemisia (cana?) communities in valley with grassland on uplands
Near Redbud, Wyoming. 1954
5 1239
Vegetation dominated by Artemisia tridentata on continental divide
6 miles south of Creston, Wyoming. 1954
5 1240
Vegetation dominated by Artemisia tridentata on continental divide also showing Opuntia and grasses Agropyron spicatum and Onyzopsis hymenoides with Artemisia
6 miles south of Creston, Wyoming. 1954
5 1241
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum assocation
7 miles West of Vantage, Washington. 1954
5 1242
Dam at low water time
Nederland, Colorado. 1954
5 1243
Grassland and aspen groves in Pseudotsuga zone. Some Juniperus; stipa, Poa
South of 150 mile House, British Columbia. 1954
5 1244
Pinus clausa/Quercus chapmanii (with Q. geminata and Q. Serenoa repens, and Opuntia austrina
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1954 September 01
5 1245
Opuntia
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1954 September 01
5 1246
Opuntia
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1954 September 01
5 1247
Stone stripe in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] habitat
North of Rosalia, Washington. 1955 May 21
5 1248
Artemisia tridentata-Festuca idahoensis dominated vegetation analysed
Near Disautel, Washington. 1955 June 14
5 1249
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand analysed
South of Malott, Washington. 1955 June 15
5 1250
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand analysed
7 miles south of Pateros, Washington. 1955 June 15
5 1251
Artemisia tripartita/Festuca idahoensis stand analysed in cemetery
Badger Mountain, Washington. 1955 June 15
5 1252
Stonenet approx. 13 cm in diameter in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1955 May 21
5 1253
Stonenet approx. 13 cm in diameter in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda [gray scabland sagebrush/Sandberg bluegrass] stand
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1955 May 21
5 1254
Recent frost-boil
6 miles north of Sprague, Washington. 1955 May 21
5 1255
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand
13 miles West of Ritzville, Washington. 1955 June 17
5 1256
Elymus cinereus/Distichlis stricta [basin wildrye/saltgrass]
North of Ewan, Washington. 1955 August 26
5 1257
Artemisia tripartita/Festuca stand
Lamont Cemetery, Washington. 1955 August 26
5 1258
Purshia/Stipa comata
4 miles north of Riverside, Washington. 1955 August 27
5 1259
Purshia/Stipa comata
4 miles north of Riverside, Washington. 1955 August 27
5 1260
Bromus tectorum and Poa secunda on Artemisia/Agropyron habitat
Southeast of Ephrata, Washington. 1955 August 28
5 1261
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda areas surrounded by Agropyron/Festuca
Between Benge and Winona, Washington. 1955 August 28
5 1262
Yucca brevifolia and Y. schildigeri
Near Indian Springs, Nevada. 1955
5 1263
Yucca brevifolia and Y. schildigeri; musch Larrea tridentata
South of Indian Springs, Nevada. 1955
5 1264
Cereus giganteus about 10 years old under Franseria dumosa
South of Phoenix, Arizona. 1955
5 1265
Desert: Carnegiea, Opuntia, Echinocereus, Parkinsonia, Franseria, Olneya
South of Phoenix, Arizona. 1955
5 1266
Larrea tridentata
Boulder City, Arizona. 1955
5 1267
Chapparral, Q. dumosa conspicuous
South of Prescott, Arizona. 1955
5 1268
Humbodt Valley with Artemisia, Salix and grass along river
Near Winnemucca, Nevada. 1955 December 01
5 1269
Apricot tree on badly eroded Artemisia/Stipa habitat
Okanogan, Washington. 1955 August 27
5 1270
Soil flowing between Grayia bushes
Rattlesnake Hills, Washington. 1956 April 03
5 1271
Slick spots in field just plowed, the original vegetation having contained Grayia scattered thru Artemisia tridentata
Rattlesnake Hills, Washington. 1956 April 03
5 1272
Virgin Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum vegetation
9 miles south of Toppenish, Washington. 1956 April 16
5 1273
Larraea
Lordsburg, New Mexico. 1956
5 1274
Prosopis
Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona. 1956
5 1275
Mountain park (cienega). Iris and yellow composite in opening; Picea engelmanni on one side; Pseudotsuga-Pinus ponderosa on otherside
Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona. 1956
5 1276
Juniperus pachyphloea
Chiricahua Mountains, Arizona. 1956
5 1277
Opuntia bigelovii in grass cover. Fire on opposite side of road had killed alli cacti
20 miles north of Tucsan, Arizona. 1956
5 1278
Pinon (on right)-Juniper (on left)/Bouteloua
North of Flagstaff, Arizona. 1956
5 1279
Coleogyne ramosissimum
House Rock Valley, Arizona. 1956
5 1280
Picea pungens browsed by deer
Kaibab Plateau, Arizona. 1956
5 1281
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron
Odessa, Washington. 1956 June 08
5 1282
Pebble nets in Artemisia rigida/Poa [gray scabland sagebrush/bluegrass] stand
Sprague, Washington. 1956
5 1283
Pebble nets in Artemisia rigida/Poa [gray scabland sagebrush/bluegrass] stand
Sprague, Washington. 1956
5 1284
Poa secunda [Sandberg bluegrass] union in Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron [threetip sagebrush/bunchgrass] stand
Sunnyside, Washington. 1956 April 17
5 1285
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
5 1286
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
5 1287
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
5 1288
"Slick spots" in field showing up the first planting after plowing up a stand of Artemisia containing clumps of Grayia spinosa
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
5 1289
Soil flowing on slope largely covered with Grayia spinosa but in near-virgin condition
7 miles east of Moxee City, Washington. 1956 April 17
5 1290
Exclosure made of logs
Thistle Flats, West of Orangeville, Utah. 1956
5 1291
Landscape: Atriplex confertifolia and Eurotia in foreground; Sarcobatus in background along dry wash
East of Cisco, Utah. 1956
5 1292
Picea engelmanni with exceptionally smooth bark
Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1956
5 1293
Yuuca and Bouteloua
20 miles north of Silver City, New Mexico. 1956
5 1294
Quercus/grass woodland
10 miles southWest of Silver City, New Mexico. 1956
5 1295
Eroded apron
Anderson Ranch Dam, Idaho. 1957 September 14
5 1296
Eroded apron
Anderson Ranch Dam, Idaho. 1957 September 14
5 1297
Artemisia tripartita/Festuca idahoensis with scattered Purshia tridentata in ungrazed kipouka off Ladlow Park
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1957 September 13
5 1298
Soil eroded about 6 cm in same vegetation as #1297
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1957 September 13
5 1299
Artemisia tridentata below, Pseudotsuga above, with belt of Cercocarpus ledifolius between
West of Lidy Hot Springs at south end of Beaverhead Mountains, Idaho. 1957
5 1300
Atriplex nuttallii/Oryzopsis hymenoides (with Artemisia tridentata in background) on silty flat that is occassionally flooded
15 miles West of Dubois, Idaho. 1957
5 1301
Artemisia nova/Agropyron spicatum on gravelly outwash
9 miles West of Dubois, Idaho. 1957
5 1302
34 year old exclosure: Artemisia tripartita/Agropyron spicatum
Dubois Sheep Experimental Station, Idaho. 1957 September 13
5 1303
5 year old burn in Artemisia/tridentata/Agropyron spicatum, with Elymus cinereus invading
3 miles east of Virginia City, Montana. 1957
5 1304
Artemisia tridentata-Opuntia polyacantha dominating spots of heavy soil, with Stipa comata-Eurotia-Artemisia frigida-Bouteloua gracilis on less-heavily textured matrix.
Beaverhead Valley, 12 miles north northWest of Dillon, Montana. 1957
5 1305
Sharp natural ecotone between Artemisia tridentata-dominated and grass-dominated vegetation
12 miles West of Melrose, Montana. 1957
5 1306
Purshia tridentata/Stipa comata
East of Omak, Washington. 1957 July 10
5 1307
Burn line with Artemisia tridentata and Poa cusickii elminiated
on divide south of Sunnyside, Washington. 1957 June 17
5 1308
Eriogonum thymoides/Poa secunda
Badger Mountain Cemetery, Washington. 1957 June 15
5 1309
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron on biscuits, with Eriogonum thymoides/Poa secunda on swales
East of Waterville, Washington. 1957 June 15
5 1310
No description
.
5 1311
Stipa comata decreasing and Artemisia tripartita increasing in pasture, with Artemisia tripartita/Stipa/Poa secunda outside fence
Near Disautel, Washington. 1957 June 14
5 1312
Artemisia tripartita stand studied (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
Southeast of Coulee Dam, Washington. 1957 June 14
5 1313
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
Coulee Dam, Washington. 1957 June 14
5 1314
Eurotia/Poa secunda (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
4 miles southeast of Badger, Washington. 1957 April 10
5 1315
Eurotia/Poa secunda (detailed data in Tech Bul 62, WSU)
South of Satus Store, Washington. 1957 April 10
5 1316
Stand of Grayia spinosa on left, stand of Eurotia on right, with Artemisia tridentata on valley bottom
4 miles southeast of Badger, Washington. 1957 April 10
5 1317
Frost boil in Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda stand (Lewisia in picture)
Moses Coulee, Washington. 1957 April 15
5 1318
Solonetzic spot in Agropyron spicatum/Festuca idahoensis grassland
South of Asotin, Washington. 1957 April 15
5 1319
Solonetzic spot in Agropyron spicatum/Festuca idahoensis grassland
South of Asotin, Washington. 1957 April 15
5 1320
Stone nets
Gormana Lake, Lincoln County, Washington. 1957
5 1321
Quercus-Avena fatua-Bromus savanna
West of Sacramento, California. 1957 August 01
5 1322
Abies magnifica/Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Echo Summit, California. 1957
5 1323
Sequoia sempervirens with Oxalis and Polystichum
Near Pepperville, California. 1957
5 1324
Pinus ponderosa/Arctostaphylos (manzanita) on serpentine
Near Selma, Oregon. 1957
5 1325
Thuja-Tsuga heterophylla/Pachistima stand
Granite Creek (middle). 1957 August 11
5 1326
Thuja-Tsuga heterophylla/Pachistima stand. Aralia, Linnaea Rhytidiopsis abundant on ground, Dicranum on tree
Blacktail Mountain (upper). 1957 August 10
5 1327
Thuja-Tsuga heterophylla/Pachistima stand
Blacktail Creek. 1957 July 27
5 1328
Picea engelmanni-Abies lasiocarpa/Xerophyllum-Vaccinium membranaceum at Camel's Prairie
West of Lookout, Idaho. 1957 July 26
5 1329
Pseudotsuga/Calamagrostis rubescens climax
Near Conconully, Washington. 1957 July 11
5 1330
Pinus ponderosa/Arctostaphylos (manzanita) on serpentine
Near Selma, Oregon. 1957
5 1331
Vegetation belts dominated by Artemisia tridentata, Quercus, and Pseudotsuga
Mount Timpanogos, Utah. 1957
5 1332
Atriplex confertifolia, Artistida, Hilaria and Opuntia; Book Cliffs behind
Southeast of Wellington, Utah. 1957
5 1333
Pinus ponderosa and Populus trem. with understory of Abies concolor and Picea pungens
mountains above Coyote, New Mexico. 1958
5 1334
Juniperus-Pinus cembroides
South of Las Vegas, New Mexico. 1958
5 1335
Yucca elatior
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
5 1336
Yucca elatior
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
5 1337
Ephedra torreyana
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
5 1338
Sporobolus on flat rarely inundated
White Sands National Monument, New Mexico. 1958
5 1339
Larrea tridentata with a little Prosopis
Tularosa, New Mexico. 1958
5 1340
Dasylirion wheeleri on lava flow
West of Carrizoso, New Mexico. 1958
5 1341
Vegetation on lava surface approx. 1000 years old
West of Carrizoso, New Mexico. 1958
5 1342
Abrupt ecotone of Pinus cembroides, Juniperus, Quercus
Near Mora, New Mexico. 1958
5 1343
Park in Abies concolor-Pseudotsuga forest
Near Holman, New Mexico. 1958
5 1344
Juniperus-Pinus cembroides
Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1958
5 1345
Sarcobatus-Distichlis stricta
South of Toppenish, Washington. 1958 May 19
5 1346
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum. Much Poa secunda. Minor spp: Tetradymia, Chrysoth. nauseosus, Festuca idahoensis, Stipa thurberiana, Sitanion hysterix, Crepis
10 miles southeast of Huntington, Oregon. 1958 June 14
5 1347
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata-S. thurberiana with Poa secunda (minor spp.: Chrys. Viscidiflorus, Sitanion hysterix, Lupinus, Pentstemon (speciosus?))
10 miles northeast of Twin Falls, Idaho. 1958 June 14
5 1348
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron. Minor spp: Chrys. viscidifl., Sitanion hysterix, Epilob. panivul., Bromus tectorum, Plantago purshii, Astragalus
Albion, Idaho. 1958 June 15
5 1349
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron with Stipa comata stand across ravine, climaxes on different soils
17 miles West of Logan, Utah. 1958
5 1350
Juniperus osteosperma/Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum/Poa secunda, Brown soil
3 miles West of Promontory, Utah. 1958 June 19
5 1351
Juniperus osteosperma/Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum/Poa secunda, Brown soil.
North edge of Great Salt Lake, Utah. 1958 June 19
5 1352
Opuntia spreading and accumulating soil in depleted Eurotia community
South of Malta, Idaho. 1958 June 20
5 1353
Agropyron spicatum after fire in Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron with dead crown burned out
Hanford, Washington. 1958
5 1354
Spring after burn in Artemisia/Agropyron showing site of former Artemisia bush with Descuriana very large
Hanford, Washington. 1958
5 1355
Edge of burn in Agropyron-Festuca grassland on Gooseneck Ridge
West of Asotin, Washington. 1958 May 13
5 1356
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa thurberiana
West of Murtaugh, Idaho. 1958 June 20
5 1357
Larrea tridentata
Armargosa Desert, Nevada. 1957 December 01
5 1358
Yucca brevifolia
Southern Nevada. 1957 December 01
5 1359
Yucca brevifolia
Southern Nevada. 1957 December 01
5 1360
Desert with Cereus giganteus
Scottsburgh, Arizona. 1957 December 01
5 1361
Desert with Artiplex confertifolia
6 miles east of Tonopah, Nevada. 1957 December 01
5 1362
Quercus gambellii
Springville, Utah. 1958
5 1363
Dense mixed stand of mixed conifers on Thuja-Tsuga/Pachistima habitat
Blacktail Road, Boundary County, Idaho. 1958
5 1364
Purshia/Stipa comata
4 miles north of Riverside, Washington. 1958 October 05
5 1365
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata
Grand Coulee City, Washington. 1958 October 05
5 1366
Shrubs around talus
Grand Coulee City, Washington. 1958
5 1367
General view Parkinsonia microphylla-Carnegiea-Opuntia-Franseria deltoides vegetation, north end of Signal Hill
West of Tucson, Arizona. 1958
5 1368
Tridens pulchellus, common perennial grass associated with Carnegiea-parkinsoinia-Fouquieria
Tucson, Arizona. 1958
5 1369
Yucca elata-Dasylirion-hilaria-Aristida-Bouteloua
20 miles east of Tucson, Arizona. 1958
5 1370
Alternation of Quercus emoryi-Q. oblongifolia-Juniperus monosperma with Sporobolus-Heteropogon contortus
30 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
5 1371
Sporobolus-Bouteloua-Nolina microcarpa
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
5 1372
Prosopis juliflora-Chilopsis linearis-Sporobolus airoides on valley floor in foothills; occasionally flooded
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
5 1373
Quercus emoryi-Q. oblongifolia savanna
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
5 1374
Quercus emoryi-Q. oblongifolia savanna
20 miles north of Sonoita, Arizona. 1958
5 1375
Ferrocactus wislizeni
Tucson, Arizona. 1958
5 1376
South-facing slope with Pinus cembroides, Juniperus deppiana, Arctostaphylos pringlei, Pinus chihuana, Quercus hypoleucoides (dwarf); north-facing slope with Pinus ponerosa arizonica, P.p. scopulorum, Quercus hypoleucoides (tall)
Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. 1958
5 1377
Cupressus arizonica along creek; above: Quercus emoryi, Q. oblongifolia, Arctostaphylos pungens, Garrya wrightii, Rhamnus crocea, Applopappus lancifolium looking west along south slope
Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. 1958
5 1378
Prosopis velutina juliflora on floodplain. In leafless winter condition, undergrowth badly disturbed
East of Tucson, Arizona. 1958
5 1379
Atriplex canescens on lower bajada
Tucson, Arizona. 1958
5 1380
Atriplex poly carpa on lower bajada
Near Casa Grande, Arizona. 1958
5 1381
Larrea in foreground, Parkinsonia-Carnegiea-Fouquieria on slope behind
Near Wikiup, Arizona. 1958
5 1382
Atriplex confertifolia dominant
Round Mountain, Nevada. 1958
5 1383
Melanized silt in buried prehistoric stream channel
Union Flat Creek, West of Pullman, Washington. 1958
5 1384
Grayia and Bromus tectorum on 68% talus slope facing west
Vantage, Washington. 1958
5 1385
Active talus 65% slope encroaching on older talus supporting Grayia, Artemisia tridentata and Bromus tectorum 45%
Vantage, Washington. 1958
5 1386
Eriogonum thymoides/Poa secunda habitat in profile
Mansfield, Washington. 1958
5 1387
Agropyron/Poa above and Sporobolus/Poa below
North of Lewiston, Idaho. 1959 May 11
5 1388
Virgin Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] stand
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
5 1389
Long-abandoned field supporting Bromus tectorum-Chrysothamnus nauseosus [cheatgrass-rubber rabbitbrush] on Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] habitat type
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
5 1390
Virgin Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] stand
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
5 1391
First year abandoned field on same habitat as #1388-1389
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
5 1392
Virgin Agropyron/Poa [bunchgrass/bluegrass] in foreground, old abandoned field in background
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1959
5 1393
Burned over Purshia-Festuca with Eriogonum thymoides/Poa on thin soil
North of Bickleton, Washington. 1959
5 1394
Sarcobatus/Distichlis
0.8 miles east of Satus, Washington. 21712
5 1395
Calamagrostis under Pinus ponderosa and Pseudotsuga
Meeks Table, near Yakima, Washington. 1959
5 1396
Crataegus douglasii/Poa pratensis [black hawthorn/Kentucky bluegrass] derived by grazing from C.d./Heracleum lanatum [?/common cowparsnip]
East of Pullman, Washington. 1959
5 1397
Crataegus douglasii/Poa pratensis [black hawthorn/Kentucky bluegrass] derived by grazing from C.d./Heracleum lanatum [?/common cowparsnip]
East of Pullman, Washington. 1959
5 1398
Artemisia tripartita-Festuca idahoensis north slope
3 miles northWest of Deep Creek, Washington. 1959 June 20
5 1399
Artemisia tripartita-Festuca idahoensis south slope
3 miles northWest of Deep Creek, Washington. 1959 June 20
5 1400
Artemisia tripartita-Festuca idahoensis at north edge
Davenport, Washington. 1959 June 21
5 1401
Ponds in scabland
Between Leahy and Coulee Dam, Washington. 1959
5 1402
Elymus, Sarcobatus and Artemisia habitats in sequence
West of Leahy, Washington. 1959
5 1403
Burned in fall 1958, photographed in July 1959. Abies/Pachistima habitat
Idaho County, Idaho. 1959 July 17
5 1404
Burned in fall 1958, photographed in July 1959. Abies/Pachistima habitat, except transect nearest Grangeville (F-10)
Idaho County, Idaho. 1959 July 17
5 1405
Interfingering of forest and grassland with Pinus ponderosa along river
South of Lolo, Montana. 1959
5 1406
Eurotia/Poa
4 miles east of Smyrna, Washington. 1959 September 18
5 1407
Pinus ponderosa/Agropyron spicatum northernmost site
Spokane, Washington. 1959 September 22
5 1408
Burned and unburned Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron vegetation
Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1959
5 1409
Agropyron/Poa - Sporobolus/Poa ecotone
North edge of Lewiston, Idaho. 1960 May 05
5 1410
Artemisia trid./Agropyron on brown soil profile
13 miles north of Sunnyside, Wasington. 1960
5 1411
Artemisia trid/Agropyron profile showing resistance of A1 horizon to erosion
Southwest of Prosser, Washington. 1960
5 1412
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron on Sierozem
Cole Creek Stand, Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1960
5 1413
Burn line through stand in #1412
Cole Creek Stand, Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1960
5 1414
Agropyron spicatum/Poa virgin stand,
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1960 June 01
5 1415
Chrysothamnus nauseosus/Bromus tectorum on abandoned field
Silcott Grade, Asotin County, Washington. 1960 June 01
5 1416
Lewisia rediviva on Eriogonum thymoides/Poa habitat
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960
5 1417
Lewisia rediviva on Eriogonum thymoides/Poa habitat
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960
5 1418
Eriogonum douglassii/Poa
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960 June 10
5 1419
Quercus garryana open forest with Purshia and Bromus tectorum
West of Fort Simcoe, Washington. 1960
5 1420
Eriogonum douglassii/Poa
Near Satus Peak, Washington. 1960
5 1421
Purshia/Festuca
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960 June 11
5 1422
Purshia/Festuca
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960 June 11
5 1423
Biscuit and swale: Eriogonum thym-Artem. rigida with Artemisia trip (?)/Agropyron - Festuca-Poa cusickii
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960
5 1424
Biscuit and swale: Eriogonum thym-Artem. rigida with Artemisia trip (?)/Agropyron - Festuca-Poa cusickii
Yakima Indian Reservation, north of Bickleton. 1960
5 1425
Quercus garryana savanna
upper Satus Creek, Washington. 1960
5 1426
Artemisia tridentata along Old Lady Creek in Agropyron/Poa zone
Roosevelt, Washington. 1960
5 1427
Purshia/Bromus tectorum on Pushia/Stipa comata site
North of Wilbur, Washington. 1960
5 1428
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis virgin study site
Near Methow Game Range Headquarters. 1960 June 21
5 1429
Artemisia trid./Bromus tect. on Artem./Stipa comata stie
Okanogan, Washington. 1960
5 1430
Spring ..tn. bald
Lolo Trail, Idaho. 1960 July 19
5 1431
Thuja in Thuja/Oplopanax stand; largest tree in Glacier National Park
Glacier National Park, Montana. 1960 July 01
5 1432
Patchyness of timber at upper timberline
Logan Pass, Glacier National Park, Montana. 1960
5 1433
Snowpatch and bald. Camera pointed due east of Moscow, Idaho
Freezout Mountain, Idaho. 1960
5 1434
Snowcomb with Tsuga mertensiana
Freezout Mountain, Idaho. 1960
5 1435
Edge of burn in Artemisia trid./Agrop.
Kiona, Washington. 1961 June 28
5 1436
Eriogonum sphaerocephalum/Poa secunda
10 miles south of Bickleton, Washington. 1961
5 1437
Eurotia/Poa surrounded by Art. trid.
North side of Saddle Mountain, Washington. 1961
5 1438
Garland of Philadelphus-Amelanchier-Prunus virg. about talus
Coulee Dam, Washington. 1961 June 18
5 1439
Chrysothamnus/Bromus following grazing alonge
North of Lewiston, Idaho. 1961
5 1440
Bromus tectorum/Chrysoth. naus. on field in exclosure abandoned 3 years
Silcott, Washington. 1961
5 1441
Snowpatch series in swale, 6400 feet, Abies lasiocarpa behind
Mount Revelstoke, British Columbia. 1962
5 1442
Artemisia rigida/Poa secunda
West of Coulee City, Washington. 1962
5 1443
Eriogonum douglassii/Poa secunda
8 miles south of Bickleton, Washington. 1962
5 1444
Eurotia/Poa secunda with Grayia behind
Few miles east of Smyrna, Washington. 1962
5 1445
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata, site 129
Southwest of Othello, Washington. 1962 May 20
5 1446
Purshia/Stipa comata, site 137
Southwest of Othello, Washington. 1962
5 1447
Bromus tectorum/Chrysothamnus nauseosus on Stipa comata stie
East of Pasco, Washington. 1962
5 1448
Artemisia tridentata/Poa secunda
West of Vernita, Washington. 1962
5 1449
Effects of grazing on Artemisia tripartita/Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis
Moses Coulee, Washington. 1962
5 1450
Eriogonum heracleoides-Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis, site at road
junction south of Chesaw, Washington. 1962
5 1451
Eriogonum heracleoides-Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis, site at road
Few miles south of Cleveland, Washington. 1962 June 05
5 1452
Eriogonum heracleoides-Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis, site at road
0.5 miles West of Cleveland, Washington. 1962 June 05
5 1453
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis
0.5 miles West of Cleveland, Washington. 1962 June 05
5 1454
Relics of meadow-steppe mosaic
North of Dayton, Washington. 1962
5 1455
Crataegus/Heracleum [hawthorn/cowparsnip] site, with C. grubbed out in railroad right-of-way, and H. replaced by Poa pratensis [Kentucky bluegrass] in pasture
North of Pullman, Washington. 1962
5 1456
Contact between Pinus pond./Symphoricarpos and Pinus/Festuca idahoensis
Spokane, Washington. 1962
5 1457
Pinus ponderosa/Symphoricarpos
North of Fairfield, Washington. 1962
5 1458
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum
6 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1962
5 1459
Art. tridentata/Agropyron on loessal biscuit, with Art. rigida/Poa secunda on scabland in foreground
Northwest of Hartline, Washington. 1962
5 1460
Art. tripartita/Agropyron-Festuca idahoensis
Near Havillah, Washington. 1962
5 1461
Pseudotsuga/Calamagrostis rubescens
Southwest of Joseph, Oregon. 1962
5 1462
Picea-Abies las./Pachistima
Wenatchee Springs, Blue Mountains, Washington. 1962
5 1463
No description
5 1464
Avalanche track in Picea-Abies forest
Bitterroot Mountains, Idaho. 1962
5 1465
Discontinuous Picea-Abies forest
North flank of Kalispel Peak, Washington. 1962
5 1466
Eurotia-Artemisia tridentata alternation
South of Wells, Nevada. 1962
5 1467
Elymus cinereus just over divide into Snake River drainage
12 miles north of Wilkins, Nevada. 1962
5 1468
Rabbit-induced Halogeton glomeratus outside Eurotia exclosure
Wells, Nevada. 1962
5 1469
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata-Agroyron assocation
West of Vantage, Washingotn. 1963 June 05
5 1470
Ecology excursion on Freezout Mountain. Well know plant ecologists as invited guests for 3-day excursion
Freezout Mountain, Idaho. 1962 August 01
5 1471
Thuja 16 feet 4 inches diameter
State Land Bridge Park, Idaho. 1963
5 1472
Thuja-Athyrium
Elk Ridge east of Elk City, Idaho. 1963
5 1473
Pseudotsuga showing storm damage
Crown Point, Oregon. 1963
5 1474
Vegetation mosaic. Eriogonum heracleoides-Festuca idahoensis Pseudotsuga
Bridesville, British Columbia. 1963
5 1475
Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum; young stand used for population analysis
Northwest of Richland, Washington. 1963
5 1476
Artemisia tridentata/Poa secunda
Hanford Reservation, Washington. 1963 May 20
5 1477
Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] on lithosoal
South of Colfax, Washington. 1963 May 27
5 1478
Pinus ponderosa at lower timberline
East of Kooskia, Idaho. 1963
5 1479
Grayia/Poa secunda, virgin stand studied
West of Vernita, Washington. 1963
5 1480
Purshia/Stipa comata, virgin stand
6 miles south-southeast of Othello, Washington. 1963 June 21
5 1481
Edge of burn in Artemisia trid./Agropyron
West of Pasco, Washington. 1963 June 24
5 1482
Stone nets in Eriogonum douglasii/Poa secunda
1 mile West of Cleveland, Washington. 1963
5 1483
Agropyron spicatum/Poa secunda [bunchgrass/Sandberg bluegrass], south slope of loess
Near Walker, Washington. 1963 June 16
5 1484
Ungrazed basalt butte with Bromus tectorum [cheatgrass] and Draba verna [spring draba]
East of Sprague, Washington. 1963
5 1485
Zones about saline alkali pond
North of Saint John, Washington. 1963 June 19
5 1486
Rhus glabra/Agropyron spicatum, Big Canyon Creek on Snake River, 2550 feet
North of Pittsburgh Landing, Idaho. 1963 July 02
5 1487
Festuca idahoensis/Symphoricarpos in cemetery
South of Kamiak Butte, Washington. 1963 June 23
5 1488
Pinus/Physocarpus islands at lower timberline
West of Whitebird, Idaho. 1963
5 1489
Distinct size classes in Pinus ponderosa/Festuca stand
South of Spokane, Washington. 1963
5 1490
Pinus/Stipa comata
East of Deep Creek, Washington. 1963 July 08
5 1491
Pseudotsuga/Calamagrostis rubescens
Union Peak, Montana. 1963
5 1492
Thuja/Athyrium filix-foemina, Deadhorse Creek site
Clearwater National Forest, Idaho. 1963 July 24
5 1493
Abies lasiocarpa/Menziesia with Jane 48 inches tall
3 miles south of Newman Peak, Saint Joe National Forest, Idaho. 1963
5 1494
Abies lasiocarpa/Menziesia site
Shoshone County, Idaho. 1963 July 19
5 1495
Abies lasiocarpa and Pinus albicaulis at 6000 feet on state divide
South of Saltese, Montana. 1963
5 1496
Old Tsuga heterophylla (1) being replaced by Abies amabilis (right), 4000 feet
Mount Baker, Washington. 1963
5 1497
Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata on Saddle Mountain
South of Smyrna, Washington. 1963
5 1498
Excluding elk for 35 years allowed Amelanchier and Purshia to grow tall inside exclosure
Hoback Canyon, Wyoming. 1963
5 1499
Creek
below Pacific Springs, Wyoming. 1963 September 01
5 1500
Overland Trail on Laramie Road. Juniperus communis, Pinus flexilis, Artemisia tridentata vaseyana, Festuca kingii invading the Trail, with Artemisia tripartita rupicola and Festuca kingii dominant on either side
10 miles east of Laramie, Wyoming. 1963 September 01
5 1501
Pinus flexilis, Artemilia tripartita rupicola and Festuca kingii on summit of Laramie Range
10 miles east of Laramie, Wyoming. 1963
5 1502
Bursera hindsiana
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
5 1503
Bursera microphylla
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
5 1504
Valley floor: Pachycereus pringlei, Bursera spp., Opuntia bigelovii, Franseria dumosa
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
5 1505
Pachycereus pringlei (left), Carnegiea (center), Lemaireocereus thurberi (right), with Larrea, Olneya, Cercidium microphyllum, Opuntia fulgida, and Encelia farinosa
East of Libertad, Mexico. 1963
5 1506
Encelia farinosa dominant where other desert plants have been grubbed off road right-of-way (Lemaireocereus thurberi, Larrea, Olneya, etc.)
Sonora, Mexico. 1963
5 1507
Opuntia bigelovii
Libertad, Mexico. 1963 December 01
5 1508
Idria columnaris
Libertad, Mexico. 1963 December 01
5 1509
Idria columnaris
Libertad, Mexico. 1963 December 01
5 1510
Duplicate of Shreve photo (original in 1918)
South of Libertad, Mexico. 1963
5 1511
Atriplex barcleyana and Frankenia palmeri beside ocean
Libertad, Mexico. 1963
5 1512
Larrea
Death Valley, California. 1963
5 1513
Atriplex with bare playa beyond
North of Baker, California. 1963
5 1514
Virtually bare land
Death Valley, California. 1963
5 1515
Washingtonia filifera, outpost at extreme edge of range
Palm State Park, Arizona. 1963
5 1516
Yucca brevifolia, Larrea, Franseria dumosa, elevation 3600 feet
Near Searchlight, Nevada. 1963
5 1517
Yucca brevifolia, Larrea, Franseria dumosa, elevation 3600 feet
West of Searchlight, Nevada. 1963
5 1518
Fouquieria splendens in flower and leaf
Near Yuma, Arizona. 1963
5 1519
Shrubs off Wawawai Canyon; repeat of #1173 taken 10 years later
Eastern Washington. 1962 July 03
5 1520
Eriogonum microthecum stand (easternmost, along Snake River)
Washington State University. 1964 May 30
5 1521
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron stand with nearly all Agrop. grazed out
Schrag, Washington. 1964 June 06
5 1522
Eriogonum sphaerocephalum stand
West of Odessa, Washington. 1964 June 07
5 1523
Agropyron spicatum plant 10 months after burning
10 miles West of Kiona, Washington. 1964 June 11
5 1524
Pinus ponderosa reproduction
South edge of Cheney, Washington. 1964
5 1525
Pseudotsuga/Physocarpus forest confined to thin soil and southwest exposure
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1964
5 1526
Pinus ponderosa/Festuca idahoensis stand, with Arceuthobium on tree
Spokane, Washington. 1964
5 1527
Edge of burn (next spring); Art. tripartita, Festuca line in burned area
Near Grand Coulee Dam, Washington. 1964 April 27
5 1528
Artemisia tridentata/Agropyron spicatum stand 28 years after fire, with young shrubs well established but still small
Cole Creek, Richland, Washington. 1964
5 1529
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata first spring after fire
7 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1964 May 19
5 1530
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata first spring after fire showing coverage frame and sighting device for basal frequencey
7 miles south of Othello, Washington. 1964 May 19
5 1531
Eriogonum microthecum [slender buckwheat] stand
1.5 miles east of mouth of Steptoe Canyon, Whitman County, Washington. 1964 May 30
5 1532
Rhus glabra stands on slope
Southwest of Julietta, Washington. 1964 August 21
5 1533
Rhus glabra stands on slope
Southwest of Julietta, Washington. 1964 August 21
5 1534
Agropyron-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] lithosolic profile of lithosol
Colfax, Washington. 1964 July 12
5 1535
Pseudotsuga-Physocarpus-Symphoricarpos islands in steppe
Tollgate, Oregon. 1964
5 1536
Alternation of Pseudotsuga forest with steppe
Tollgate, Oregon. 1964
5 1537
Pinus-Symphoricarpos stand (#F68)
Kennedy Rd., Idaho. 1964
5 1538
Pinus-Physocarpos stand (#F44)
Southwest of Potlatch (northesast of Kennedy Fd.), Idaho. 1964
5 1539
Abies lasiocarpa-Pachistima (stand #155)
Saint Joe Baldy, near Saint Maries, Idaho. 1964
5 1540
Abies lasiocarpa-Menziesia (stand # )
Boston Mountain Trail, east of Elk City, Idaho. 1964
5 1541
Acer macrophyllum-Alnus rubra-Polystichum-Selaginella
Quinault Valley, Washington. 1964
5 1542
Three years after start of use of irrigation canal 18 inches deep, Typha latifolia is well started toward clogging the flow of water
South of Ephrata, Washington. 1964
5 1543
Scene overlooking canopy of monsoonal forest
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1544
Curatella savanna on dry knob sticking up above monsoonal forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1545
Curatella americana savanna with Stipa and Andropogoneae
Near Terraba, Puntarenas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1546
Umbrella-form on caopy common in seral trees of rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1547
Forest about 90% deciduous in dry season
Ganas, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1548
Recently abandoned field in rainforest, now dominated by Ceiba pentandra and Ochroma lagopus
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1549
Buttressed tree base in virgin rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1550
Laguncularia Racemosa Swamp
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1551
Looped roots of mangrove shrub
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1552
Interior of Rhizophora mangrove stand at low tide
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1553
Interior of swamp forest in dry season: Raphia, Carapa slateri, Symphonia globulifera, Mora oleifera
Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1554
Bryophytes thickly covering only water-bearing layers of sedimentary strata
Talamanca Range, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1555
Raindrop erosion of soil following removal of rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1556
Buttressed base of rainforest tree
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1557
Interior of rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1558
Subalpine scrub near summit of Volcan Poas, dominated by Pernettia coriacea, Vaccinium consanguineum, Myrica phanerodonta, Clusia, Myridendrum donnell-smithii
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1559
Epiphytic bromeliads in Montane Rainforest
Talamanca Range, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1560
Cyathea in Montane Rainforest
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1561
Pattern of shifting agriculture, Montane Rainforest with some of slope = 45%
Border of Heredia-Alahuela border, on Rio La Paz, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1562
Interior of #1558 [Subalpine scrub near summit of Volcan Poas, dominated by Pernettia coriacea, Vaccinium consanguineum, Myrica phanerodonta, Clusia, Myridendrum donnell-smithii]
Costa Rica. 1965
5 1563
No description
5 1564
Ceiba pentandra with llanas
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1565
Montane Rainforest partly cleared for agriculture
25 kilometers south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1566
P.W. Richards in virgin Montane Rainforest
47.5 kilometers south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965 February
5 1567
Exterior of #1566 [P.W. Richards in virgin Montane Rainforest]
47.5 kilometers south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965 February
5 1568
Disturbed Montane Rainforest
25 miles south of San Jose, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1569
Goethalsia meiantha dominant on field 45 years after abandonment, Robert Godfrey
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1570
Group in virgin rainforest
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1571
Agricultural clearings in rainforest
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1572
Field 16 years after abandonment. The first tree invader, Trema micrantha has died out and only 1 climax tree species has appeared. Trees to 20 inches DBM in photo. Heliocarpus phyramidalis and Cecropia abundant now. G. Budowski
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965 February
5 1573
Field 16 years after abandonment. The first tree invader, Trema micrantha has died out and only 1 climax tree species has appeared. Trees to 20 inches DBM in photo. Heliocarpus phyramidalis and Cecropia abundant now. G. Budowski
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965 February
5 1574
Exterior of forest in #1569 [Goethalsia meiantha dominant on field 45 years after abandonment, Robert Godfrey]
Turrialba, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1575
Raphia taedigera swamp bordering the Moin River. Raphia leaves to 50 feet tall
East coast of Costa Rica. 1965
5 1576
Phizophora mangle and Conocarpus erecta swamp along Moin River
East coast of Costa Rica. 1965
5 1577
Interior of #1575, along trail. Jesus Idrobo and _____
East coast of Costa Rica. 1965
5 1578
Tall Rhizophora mangle with stilt roots at low tide
Moin River, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1579
No description
5 1580
Tangle of llanas in tiny opening in virgin rainforest
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1581
No description
5 1582
Rainforest felled and ready to burn
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1583
Ceiba pentandra with llanas
Guapiles, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1584
No description
5 1585
Dry forest about 1/3 deciduous in Upper Virilla River, Valley early in dry season
Near Villa Colon, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1586
Edge of dry forest early in dry eason
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1587
Fire-scarred bases of trees in dry forest region
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1588
Savanna just above high tide: Cereus, Opuntia, Agave, Plumeria, Bursera simaruba
Coco, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1589
Savanna derived by fire then maintained by grazing, in dry forest region
Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1590
Daubenmires on beach
El Coco, Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1965 March 01
5 1591
Zonation of crytograms on bole of Roystonia, densest growth on seaward side
Limon, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1592
Scheelea swamp forest with taller evergreen dicot trees, in dry season
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1593
Scheelea swamp forest with taller evergreen dicot trees, in dry season
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1594
Buttressed tree base in #1592
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1965
5 1595
Alnus rubra on upper stream terrace
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1965
5 1596
Eriogonum niveum-Poa secunda [snow buckwheat-Sandberg bluegrass] on lithosol above Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass]
Hooper, Washington. 1965
5 1597
Tiny exclosure against elk
Blue Mountains, Washington. 1965
5 1598
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis stand, Davis Canyon
North of Brewster, Washington. 1965 June 23
5 1599
Rings of shrubs around talus
Grand Coulee Dam, Washington. 1965 June 22
5 1600
Artemisia tripartita/Agropyron spicatum stand in Davis Canyon
North of Brewster, Washington. 1965 June 23
5 1601
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stands studied
North edge of Brewster, Washington. 1965 June 23
5 1602
Edge of burn in Artemisia tridentata/Stipa comata stand, 6 days after fire
South of Othello, Washington. 1965 June 15
5 1603
Aristida longiseta/Poa secunda stand at cemetery - no grazing indicators!)
Asotin, Washington. 1965 June 12
5 1604
Aristida longiseta/Poa secunda stand at cemetery - no grazing indicators!)
Asotin, Washington. 1965 June 12
5 1605
Populus tremuloides/Symphoricarpos ecotone with Artemilia tripartita/Festuca idahoensis completely different species lists
Northwest of Riverside, Washington. 1965 June 23
5 1606
Grangeville burn site #F9. See 1403-406 1984-5
Grangeville, Idaho. 1965 July 01
5 1607
Thuja/Pachistima stand in Deviti Memorial Grove, stand #170
Near Powell Ranger Station, Idaho. 1965 July 27
5 1608
Pseudotsuga-Tsuga heterophylla-Polystichum. 800 year old stand
East slope of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1965
5 1609
Pseudotsuga-Tsuga heterophylla-Polystichum. 800 year old stand
East slope of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1965
5 1610
Pinus contorta near shore on west side
Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1965
5 1611
Clonal patches of woody plants on exposed mountain slope
Olympic National Park, Washington. 1965
5 1612
Clonal thicket of Abies lasiocarpa on windswept mountain summit
Olympic National Park, Washington. 1965
5 1613
Alternating patches of forest and tundra
Olympic National Park, Washington. 1965
5 1614
Excessive utilization of Artemisia tridentata-Agropyron spicatum stand
South of Wallula, Washington. 1965 September 01
5 1615
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos stand F87
2.5 miles north of Fairfield, Washington. 1967
5 1616
Phlox longifolia associated with Agropyron spicatum in consequence of heavy jackrabbit browsing
Kiona, Washington. 1966
5 1617
Artemisia tridentata seedling years after fire in Art. trid./Stipa comata stand. Charred stump at base of stake 7 cm in diameter.
Brewster, Washington. 1966 June 23
5 1618
Purshia/Festuca idahoensis stand in Davis Canyon (# )
Davis Canyon. 1966 June 23
5 1619
Eurotia-Poa secunda stand 10 years after complete protection from grazing
Yakima Chief Ranger Station, Yakima Indian Reservation, Washington. 1966 June 22
5 1620
Rhus glabra/Sporobolus cryptandrus stand. Rhus badly winterkilled
Lower Grand Ronde Valley, Oregon. 1966 April 13
5 1621
Rhus glabra/Agropyron spicatum stand. Rhus badly winterkilled. Road cut shows stoniness of soil
Lower Grand Ronde Valley, Oregon. 1966 April 13
5 1622
Eriogonum microthecum-Physaria oregona [slender buckwheat-Oregon twinpod] stand
Near Wilma, Whitman County, Washington. 1966 June 01
5 1623
Grassland preserve on WSU campus
Pullman, Washington. 1966 June 17
5 1624
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] mosaic
South of Albion, Washington. 1966 June 17
5 1625
Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] (lithosolic) on right, above Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] (and Crataegus douglasii-Symphoricarpos [black hawthorn-snowberry] fragments)
unknown. 1966
5 1626
Pinus ponderosa-Agropyon spicatum (stand # )
Spokane County, Washington. 1966 June 03
5 1627
Pseudotsuga replacing Quercus garryana
Oakland, Oregon. 1966 April 01
5 1628
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana with Gaultheria shallon at base
Coquille River Valley, Coast Range, Oregon. 1966
5 1629
Alnus rubra stand
Near Lincoln City, Oregon. 1966 April 01
5 1630
Mudflow of 1947 that killed conifer forest, being invaded by Populus tridhocarpa
Mount Rainier National Park, Washington. 1966 June 01
5 1631
Showing Rubus spectabilis discontinuous fringe just above beach, with Picea sitchensis-Alnus rubra on slope
Cape Alava, Washington. 1966 June 01
5 1632
Showing Elymus on sand at upper edge of beach, with Rubus spectabilis thicket behind, then Picea sitchensis-Alnus rubra
Cape Alava, Washington. 1966 June 01
5 1633
Interior of Picea sitchensis-Polystichum munitum association on steep scarp facing sea
Cape Alava, Washington. 1966 June 01
5 1634
Picea sitchensis forest being overwhelmed by coastal dune
Oregon. 1966
5 1635
Picea sitchensis
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1966
5 1636
Pseudotsuga with understory of Thuja and Tsuga heterphylla
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. 1966
5 1637
Thuja-Oplopanax
Roosevelt Grove, Pend Oreille County, Washington. 1966
5 1638
Scabland with lithosolic Agropyron-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass], and cultivated loessal hills in back
Ewan, Washington. 1966
5 1639
Jackson Hole: Art. trident. vaseyana; Aspen, Lodgepole pine
Lookout Mountain, Wyoming. 1968
5 1640
Jackson Hole: Art. trident. vaseyana; Aspen, Lodgepole pine
Lookout Mountain, Wyoming. 1968
5 1641
Art. trid. vaseyana; Aspen, Pseud.; Abies las.; Tundra
West slope of Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
5 1642
Art. trid. vaseyana in swale; Aspen on south-facing slope; Picea en. and Abies lasiocarpa on north facing slope
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
5 1643
Climax Populus tremuloides stand. R. Reed's stand 9A (Rock Creed)
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
5 1644
Pure stand of Pinus flexilis, subalpine zone; climax
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1968
5 1645
Purshia tridentata growing appressed to rock surface
Pinedale, Wyoming. 1968
5 1646
Pinus ponderosa-Stipa
Washington. 1966
5 1647
Pinus ponderosa-Stipa
Washington. 1966
5 1648
Pinus ponderosa-Stipa
Washington. 1966
5 1649
Pinus ponderosa-Agropyron spicatum
Spokane County, Washington. 1966 June 03
5 1650
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] mosaic
South of Albion, Washington. 1966 June 17
5 1651
Lime layer in steppe soil profile
Steptoe Canyon, Whitman County, Washington. 1966
5 1652
Eriogonum microthecum-Physaria oregona [slender buckwheat-Oregon twinpod] stand
Near Wilma, Whitman County, Washington. 1966
5 1653
Eriogonum microthecum-Physaria oregona [slender buckwheat-Oregon twinpod] stand
Near Wilma, Whitman County, Washington. 1966
5 1654
Snowslide with Alnus
Kootenai Park, British Columbia. 1965 (?)
5 1655
Phlox longifolia associated with Agropyron spicatum in consequence of heavy jackrabbit browsing
Kiona, Washington. 1965
5 1656
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos stand (F87)
Fairfield, Washington. 1965 June 01
5 1657
Subalpine meadow. Alpine turf in foreground with Deschampsia caespitosa, Carex ebenea, Phleum alpinum, Antennaria. A=8 inches thick
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
5 1658
Picea engelmanni and Pinus albicaulis invasion of subalpine meadow since 1915 photo
South Fork Guard Station, Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
5 1659
Deschampsia caespitosa has invaded old sheep trails in consequence of reduced use. Timberline
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
5 1660
Sink holes formed by water moving along channels in gravelly subsoil. Eventually become a surface drainage course, subalpine
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
5 1661
Subalpine meadow. Sheep have denuded slopes, and avoided wet meadow on bottom of swale
Wind River Mountains, Wyoming. 1965
5 1662
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] steppe with Symphoricarpos [snowberry] and Prunus [plum] thickets
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1966 October 01
5 1663
Festuca-Symphoricarpos [fescue-snowberry] steppe with Symphoricarpos [snowberry] and Prunus [plum] thickets
5 miles West of Colton, Washington. 1966 October 01
5 1664
Artemisia californicum
Laguna Beach, California. 1966
5 1665
No description - Missing
5 1666
Students examining bats in mouth of cave
Near San Jose, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1667
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1668
Forest interior
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1669
Edge of forest where cleared for pasture
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1670
Termite tunnels and nest
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1671
Tip of deciduous tree alive and cambium at base living after hot fire
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1672
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1673
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1674
Young Acacia costaricensis with ant-cleared areas about them
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1675
Interior of evergreen gallery forest
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1676
Last remnants of forest, largely evergreen on Fince Taboga
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1677
Sterculea apetala in partially cleared gallery forest
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1678
Monsoonal forest in wet season
Finca Taboga near Canas, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1679
Interior of montane rainforest - Missing
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1967
5 1680
Patch-cut-and-burn forest - Missing
Snoqualmie National Forest, Washington. 1967
5 1681
Nisqually Valley from site of previous photo (# )
Washington. 1967 August 01
5 1682
Nisqually Valley but looking downstream
Washington. 1967 August 01
5 1683
Alnus sinuata and Abies colonizing glacial drift directly
Nisqually Valley, Washington. 1967
5 1684
Erophorum in bog
West of Ozette, Washington.
5 1685
Thuja roots bared by erosion along train
West of Ozette, Washington. 1967
5 1686
No description
5 1687
No description
5 1688
Pinus contorta invading meadow
1.4 miles south of Island Lake Campground, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1967 August 01
5 1689
Pinus contorta-Vaccinium scoparium-Carex geyeri
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1967
5 1690
Pinus contorta-Vaccinium scoparium
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. 1967
5 1691
Erosional and depositional sectors of beach
Jackson Lake, Tieton National Park, Wyoming. 1967
5 1692
Kettle pond: Cares, Salix, Pinus contorta-Abies lasiocarpa
Tieton National Park, Wyoming. 1967
5 1693
Populus/Eleagnus-Shepherdia-Rosa
Gros Ventre River, Wyoming. 1967
5 1694
Old lava flow with Artemisia spp. and Purshia; soil with Artemisia spp. and grasses
West of Arco, Idaho. 1967
5 1695
Plants invading pahoehoe
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
5 1696
Eriogonum and Phacelia on volcanic cinders
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
5 1697
Pinus flexilis on ash and aa.
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
5 1698
Bare aa. - Missing
Craters of the Moon, Idaho. 1967
5 1699
Association fragment of aspen community
Challis National Forest, Idaho. 1967
5 1700
Invasion of talus
Challis National Forest, Idaho. 1967
5 1701
Pinus ponderosa-Symphoricarpos stand F87
2.5 miles north of Fairfield, Washington. 1967
5 1702
Pseudotsuga-Physocarpus climax. Recently but bisect
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1967
5 1703
Abies lasiocarpa-Xerophyllum climax
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1967
5 1704
Abies lasiocarpa-Menziesia climax
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1967
5 1705
Vegetation mosaic: Artemisia vaseyana, Populus tre., Abies lasiocarpa forest
Stanley Basin, Idaho. 1967
5 1706
Climax Abies lasiocarpa forest
Galena Summit, Idaho. 1967
5 1707
Interfingering at lower timberline
Little Lost River, Idaho. 1967
5 1708
Twin Buttes as seen from a little south: Artemisia trid., Agropyron spicatum, Orqzopsis hymenoides, Sitanion hysterix
Arco, Idaho. 1968
5 1709
Monumnet marking site of original Fort Hall. Scirpus slough to left. Chrysothamnus nauseosus and Elymus cinereus in foreground; Sarcobatus at middle distance on right; Salix tall scrub in distance
Idaho. 1968
5 1710
Mountain meadow unspoiled by overgrazing
Snowslide Canyon, 10 miles east of Montpelier, Idaho. 1968
5 1711
Populus tremuloides stand
Idaho. 1968
5 1712
Pseudotsuga invasion of Artemisia vaseyana park. Tree at lower left germinated in 1929
Granite Hills north-northeast of Montpelier, Idaho. 1968
5 1713
Smoke umbrella from mill forming during temperature inversion
Afton, Wyoming. 1968
5 1714
Abies lasiocarpa thickets.
Headwaters of Gray's River, Wyoming. 1968
5 1715
Succession from Pinus contorta to Abies lasiocarpa retarted by excessive deer browsing in winter
Gray's River, Wyoming. 1968
5 1716
Populus angustifolia/Rosa-Eleagnus on stream terrace
Near Wilson, Wyoming. 1968
5 1717
Populus angustifolia/Rosa-Eleagnus on stream terrace
Near Wilson, Wyoming. 1968
5 1718
Abies lasiocarpa invading Pinus contorta in Vaccinium scoparium site
Northwest of Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. 1968
5 1719
Salix carr and wet meadow in Artemisia trid. vaseyana zone
Beaverhead National Forest, Montana. 1968
5 1720
Pinus flexilis-Juniperus scopulorum on steep rock slope at lower timberline
Ruby River, Gallatin National Forest, Montana. 1968
5 1721
Pinus flexilis-Juniperus scopulorum
East of Dillon, Montana. 1968
5 1722
Pinus flexilis
East of Dillon, Montana. 1968
5 1723
Grangeville burn site #F9
Grangeville, Idaho. 1968
5 1724
Grangeville burn site #F10
Grangeville, Idaho. 1968
5 1725
Populus/Cicuta
Lapwai Creek, south of Lapwai, Idaho. 1968 July 12
5 1726
Abies lasiocarpa-Xerohphyllum climax
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1968
5 1727
6 year old Populus tremuloides seedling
Wisconsin. 1968
5 1728
Agropyron spicatum-Poa secunda [bunchgrass-Sandberg bluegrass] stand
West of Kahlotus, Washington. 1968
5 1729
Juniperus occidentalis in dunes
East of Pasco, Washington. 1968
5 1730
Juniperus occidentalis in dunes surviving covering with sand
East of Pasco, Washington. 1968
5 1731
Rumex venosus on lees slope of active dune
East of Pasco, Washington. 1968
5 1732
Eriogonum microthecum with scattered Agropyron spicatum to left (stand 179) with Sporobolus, Eriogonum niveum and Chrysothamnus to right
Washington. 1968
5 1733
Celtis douglasii stand on alluvial fan
Alpowa Creek, Washington. 1968
5 1734
Celtis douglasii stand on alluvial fan
Alpowa Creek, Washington. 1968
5 1735
Dune succession: Hudsonia -> Pinus banksiana -> Quercus ellipsoidalis and Q. macrocarpa
1 mile north of Millston, Wisconsin. 1968
5 1736
Advancing edge of Hudsonia
1 mile north of Millston, Wisconsin. 1968
5 1737
Quercus macrocarpa-Rosa acicularis relic on southwest shoulder of stony moraine. Q. = stump sprouts from repeated burning to 12 cm DBH x m tall
18 miles West of Fort Williams, Ontario. 1968
5 1738
Logging road through Pseudotsuga-Physocarpus stand
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1968
5 1739
Eriogonum niveum-poa secunda (stand 175)
Washington. 1968
5 1740
Two-age stand of fire-follower trees. Larix above, Larix-P. contorta-P. monticola-Larix-Thuja-Tsuga below
Priest River Experimental Forest, Idaho. 1968
5 1741
Easternmost stand of Artemisia tridentata-Festuca [threetip sagebrush-fescue]
West of Hooper, Washington. 1968
5 1742
Pinus taeda being replaced by Quercus-Carya-Liquidambar, with cleared area in foreground
Crockett, Texas. 1968
5 1743
8 year old burn in Abies lasiocarpa forest
Lost Trail Pass, Montana-Idaho border. 1968
5 1744
Grass park surrounded by P. ponderosa
North of Lost Trail Pass, Montana-Idaho border. 1968
5 1745
Steppe at east end of Gooseneck Ridge
Asotin County, Washington. 1968 August 28
5 1746
Steppe at east end of Gooseneck Ridge
Asotin County, Washington. 1968 August 28
5 1747
Elymus cinereus-Distichlis [basin wildrye-saltgrass] stand
East of Dusty, Washington. 1968
5 1748
Steppe preserve on WSU campus
Pullman, Washington. 1968 September 22
5 1749
Decadent Populus tremuloides [quaking aspen] with Crataegus douglasii [black hawthorn] and Heracleum [cowparsnip] beneath. Shawnee.
Northwest of Pullman, Washington. 1968
5 1750
Decadent Populus tremuloides [quaking aspen] with Crataegus douglasii [black hawthorn] and Heracleum [cowparsnip] beneath. Shawnee.
Northwest of Pullman, Washington. 1968
5 1751
Salix [willow] discolor flowering with soil still snow-covered
Pullman, Washington. 1969 March 23
5 1752
Juniperus-Artemisia tridentata
Caliente, Nevada. 1970
5 1753
Juniperus-Artemisia tridentata
Caliente, Nevada. 1970
5 1754
Yucca brevifolia. Rich shrub layer
South of Oak Springs Summit, Nevada. 1970
5 1755
Yucca scheidegeri
North of Las Vegas, Nevada. 1970
5 1756
Yucca
North of Wickenburg, Arizona. 1970
5 1757
Prosopis-Opuntia/grass. Shrubs increased at expense of grass
45 miles north of Nogales, Arizona. 1970
5 1758
Prosopis-Opuntia/grass. Shrubs increased at expense of grass
20 miles north of Nogales, Arizona. 1970
5 1759
Prosopis-Opuntia/grass. Shrubs increased at expense of grass. Badly overgrazed
7 miles south of Nogales, Mexico. 1970
5 1760
Desert with organ-pipe cactus
10 miles north of Guaymas, Mexico. 1970
5 1761
Microphyllous thorn scrub
South of Navajoa, Mexico. 1970
5 1762
Microphyllous thorn scrub
29 miles south of Sinaloa border, Mexico. 1970
5 1763
Microphyllous thorn scrub
57 miles south of Mochis, Sinaloa, Mexico. 1970
5 1764
Maximal microphyllous thorn scrub
North of Culiacan, Mexico. 1970
5 1765
Maximal microphyllous thorn scrub
North of Culiacan, Mexico. 1970
5 1766
Curatella-Brysonima savanna
South of Tuxpan junction to Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
5 1767
Palm savanna
23 miles east of San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
5 1768
Mangrove swamp
San Blas, Mexico. 1970
5 1769
Mangrove swamp
San Blas, Mexico. 1970
5 1770
Mangrove swamp
San Blas, Mexico. 1970
5 1771
Palm savanna, apparently fire climax derived from deciduous forest
25 miles east of San Blas, Mexico. 1970
5 1772
Climatic savanna: Platyopuntia, Cylindropuntia - deciduous shrub/grass
52 miles southeast of Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
5 1773
Savanna
Southeast of Magdalena, Nayarit, Mexico. 1970
5 1774
Pine-grass apparently derived from Quercus forest
29 miles east of Zamora, Mexico. 1970
5 1775
Quercus/shrub forest
39 miles West of Moreli, Mexico. 1970
5 1776
Quercus/grass forest
38 miles West of Morelia, Mexico. 1970
5 1777
Abies religiosa in ravine in Quercus-Pinus forest
28 miles east of Morelia, Mexico. 1970
5 1778
Pure Abies religiosa forest
20 miles east of Toluca, Mexico. 1970
5 1779
Aa with Agave spp. and umbe. in oak-pine zone
30 miles south of Mexico City, Mexico. 1970
5 1780
Open forest on older lava
35 miles south of Mexico City, Mexico. 1970
5 1781
Microphyllous thorn scrub with Plumeria
70 miles south-southWest of Puebla, Mexico. 1970
5 1782
Microphyllous thorn scrub in leaf
150 miles south of Puebla, Mexico. 1970
5 1783
Swollen base of savanna shrub
120 miles northWest of Oaxaca, Mexico. 1970
5 1784
Savanna
30 miles southeast of Oaxaca, Mexico. 1970
5 1785
Deciduous forest
Puente Siguacan, Guatemala. 1970
5 1786
Shifting agriculture
El Salvador. 1970
5 1787
Corn and bean field on recently cleared forest land
Nicaragua. 1970
5 1788
Coffee under dense shade of old forest trees
Nicaragua. 1970
5 1789
Tree silhouette
Nicaragua. 1970
5 1790
Cecropia pelata, stilt roots
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1791
Road cut with Hyparrhenia
Finca La Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1792
Exclosure
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1793
Exclosure
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1794
Acacia farnesiana in overgrazed savanna
7.8 miles West of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1795
Crescential alata. flowers and fruits
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1796
Curatella to right of stake, Byrsonia on left, invading recently denuded tuff, with deciduous forest on deep soil behind. Major herb Stylosanthes
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1797
Curatella to right of stake, Byrsonia on left, invading recently denuded tuff, with deciduous forest on deep soil behind. Major herb Stylosanthes
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1798
Sloanea quadrivalvis along river
Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1799
0.5x2 meter plot of Hyparrhenia just after clipping to show pedestals
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1800
Fencepost with epiphytes in montane rainforest
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1801
Interior of montane rainforest
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1802
Interior of montane rainforest
Tilaran, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1803
Epiphytes in montane rainforest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1804
Epiphytes in montane rainforest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1805
Sloanea ternifolia along river
Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1806
Riparian forest
Finca La Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1807
Shrubby type of derived savanna
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1808
Semi-deciduous forest being converted to savanna with Hyparrhenia
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1809
Tobacco on steep slope in montane rainforest
Palmares, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1810
Shrubs recently cut back with machete
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1811
Paspalum notatum savanna developed in absence of burning
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 October 28
5 1812
Savanna
Near Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1813
Drop roots from liana in semi-deciduous forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1814
Well managed Hyparrhenia savanna
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1815
Corner post of exclosure in center. Heavily grazed spot outside exclosure in center
Canas, Costa Rica. 1969 December 02
5 1816
Corner post of exclosure in center. Heavily grazed spot outside exclosure in center
Canas, Costa Rica. 1969 December 02
5 1817
Oplismenus persisting under savanna trees, but replaced by Hyparrhenia beyond drip line
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1818
Sterculea apetala buttresses
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1819
Ficus in derived savanna
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1820
Hyparrhenia at maximum development
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 December 07
5 1821
Curatella savanna; thinnest soil in center with Aristida and Stipa, with broad marginal belt of Hyparrhenia on pumice
Had. Pacifica, Costa Rica. 1970 December 07
5 1822
Overgrazed savanna on thin soil over old lava flower. Aristida and Stylosanthes dominant in drained areas; ..... in wet.
7.8 miles West of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1823
Overgrazed savanna on thin soil over old lava flower. Aristida and Stylosanthes dominant in drained areas; ..... in wet.
7.8 miles West of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1824
Savanna across road from above, lightly grazed
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1825
Savanna across road from above, lightly grazed
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1826
Edge of overgrazed savanna on thin soil, with deciduous forest on deeper soil behind
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1827
Curatella savanna
11 miles south of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1828
Oplismenus persisting under trees, with Hyparrhenia elsewhere
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1829
Zebu in savanna
South of Esparta, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1830
Savanna, derived savanna
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1831
Semi-deciduous forest on thin stony soil
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1832
Buttresses on Brosimum
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1833
Brassarola on tree trunk
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1834
Hyparrhenia burned with backfire early in dry season, with only surface litter consumed
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 January 26
5 1835
Hyparrhenia burned with backfire early in dry season, with only surface litter consumed
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 January 26
5 1836
Byrsonima silhouette on tuff
11 miles south of Liberia, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1837
Lianas, including Bauhinia, semi-deciduous forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1838
Montane rainforest landscape with slash-and-burn agriculture
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1839
Epiphytic bromeliad on Enterolobium
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1840
Cecropia pelata, stilt roots
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1841
Epiphytes in montane rainforest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1842
Banana leaves shredded by wind
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1843
Sapranthus pallanda showing cauliflory
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1844
Wind-distribution of litter in semi-deciduous forest
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1845
Interior of semi-deciduous forest where diagram was made with Bombacopsis
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1846
Interior of semi-deciduous forest where diagram was made with Bombacopsis
Estacion Experimental Enrique Jimenez, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 March 03
5 1847
Rootsprouts excavated from exclosure area. Lonchocarpus minimiflorus (left), Albizzia adenocephala, Hippocratea obovata, Tabebuia chrysantha, Jacquinia (right)
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1848
Fire scarred savanna trees
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1849
Early stage in savannization: 1 week after burn following loggin
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1850
Early stage in savannization: 1 week after burn following loggin
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1851
Backfire in savanna
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 March 31
5 1852
Backfire in savanna
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 March 31
5 1853
Exclosure the day after burning (Fire April 17)
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1854
Exclosure 4 days after burning
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1855
Exclosure 4 days after burning
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1856
Ficus buttresses in seasonal everygreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1857
Seasonal evergreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1858
Seasonal evergreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1859
Seasonal evergreen forest
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1860
Recently burned savanna on area once cultivated
Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1861
Scheelia swamp
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1862
Riparian forest tree with Bauhinia liana
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1863
Riparian forest tree with Bauhinia liana
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1864
Curatella savanna on zonal soil
12 miles north of Esparta, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1865
Banner cloud over continental divide, from dry side
North of San Ramon, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1866
Repeat photo of interior of semi-deciduous forest studied
Costa Rica. 1970 June 10
5 1867
Strangler fig
Costa Rica. 1970
5 1868
Enterolobium cyclocarpum seedlings in cow dropping
Rio Tempisque, Costa Rica. 1970
5 1869
Interior of semi-deciduous forest
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 June 16
5 1870
Interior of semi-deciduous forest
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 June 16
5 1871
Interior of semi-deciduous forest
Hda. Taboga, Canas, Costa Rica. 1970 June 16
5 1872
Acacia farnesiana-Crescentia-Acacia cornigera-Bromelia pinguin savanna on poorly drained soil
South of Ciudad Dario, Nicaragua. 1970
5 1873
Acacia farnesiana-Crescentia-Acacia cornigera-Bromelia pinguin savanna on poorly drained soil
South of Ciudad Dario, Nicaragua. 1970
5 1874
Corn planted on land newly cleared of Bursera-Plumeria, etc.
Nicaragua. 1970
5 1875
Canopy of semi-deciduous forest
North of La Libertad, El Salvador. 1970
5 1876
Montane Quercus forest with bromeliads and orchids
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
5 1877
Montane Quercus forest with bromeliads and orchids
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
5 1878
Cupressus stand in the mountains
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
5 1879
Cupressus stand in the mountains
South of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
5 1880
Quercus forest with few old Cupressus; altitude 7500 feet
West of Antigua, Guatemala. 1970
5 1881
Land deforested for wheat production but now mostly abandoned and used for sheep grazing. High mountains near milepost 167
Guatemala. 1970
5 1882
Progeny about parent tree
Guatemala. 1970
5 1883
Very thin soil deforested for agriculture
South of Tuxtla Gutierrez, Mexico. 1970
5 1884
Young stand of Pinus echinata
Sam Houston National Forest, Texas. 1970
5 1885
Fire-maintained Pinus echinata
Waverly, Texas. 1970
5 1886
Interior of Quercus (2 spp.)
Cary Forest, West of Livingston, Texas. 1970
5 1887
Fagus to left of stake, Magnolia grandiflora to right
Southwest of Alexandria, Louisianna. 1970
5 1888
Fagus to left of stake, Magnolia grandiflora to right
Southwest of Alexandria, Louisianna. 1970
5 1889
Arundinaria under Liquidambrar and Quercus marylandica
20 miles east of Naches, Mississippi. 1970
5 1890
Quercus laurifolia-Magnolia grandiflora forest on white sand. Some Carya here
South of Pensacola, Florida. 1970
5 1891
Quercus laevis (Q. laurifolia) climax on sand, with P. palustris seral
Camel Lake, 30 miles West of Tallahassee, Florida. 1970
5 1892
Pinus palustris-Serenoa
Osceola National Forest, Florida. 1970
5 1893
Sandhills with Pinus palustris, Quercus laevis, Aristia stricta
Osceola National Forest, Florida. 1970
5 1894
Pinus palustris with stump sprouts of Q. laevis and Q. nigra and Paspalum 4 years after mowing stopped
Near Ocala, Florida. 1970
5 1895
Pinus elliottii-Serenoa bark charred to 2 meters
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1970
5 1896
Young dense stand of Pinus clausa
Ocala National Forest, Florida. 1970
5 1897