Ann Nolan Clark drafts, 1930-1960  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Fox, Charles Wilson, 1823-1880
Ann Nolan Clark drafts
1930-1960 (inclusive)
2 boxes, (.75 linear ft. )
Collection Number
Holograph and typescript drafts of We made this land, later published as These were the valiant : a collection of New Mexico profiles / Ann Nolan Clark. Albuquerque, N. M. : Calvin Horn Publisher, 1969.
Utah State University, Merrill-Cazier Library, Special Collections and Archives Division
Special Collections & Archives
Merrill-Cazier Library
Utah State University
Logan, UT
Telephone: 435-797-8248
Fax: 435-797-2880
Access Restrictions

Open to public research.

Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) grant, 2007-2008

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Anna Marie Nolan was born in Las Vegas, Nevada, on December 6, 1898. She attended New Mexico Highland University studying English. On August 6, 1919, Anna married Thomas Patrick Clark. Their only child, Thomas Patrick, Jr., was later killed in World War II.

After teaching English at Highlands University in Las Vegas, New Mexico, Clark began a 25 year career with the United States government's schools for Indian children. In her work Clark became alarmed by the lack of instructional material in the students' own language and connected with their Indian culture. As a result Clark began writing her own materials, resulting in a series of books: Little Herder in Spring (1940), The Pine Ridge Porcupine (1941), Young Hunter of Picuris (1943), Singing Sioux Cowboy Reader (1947), and Little Navajo Herder (1951). Many of these books were bilingual, featuring both the English and various Native America Indian translations.

During the 1940s, Clark also supervised the production of materials in Central and South America for the Institute of Inter-American Affairs. This experience led her to write Magic Money (1950), Looking-for-Something (1952), and the 1953 Newbery Medal winner, Secret of the Andes.

During the 1950s and 1960s, Clark worked at the Intermountain Indian School in Brigham City, Utah. It was while she working there that she wrote Blue Canyon Horse (1955). Between 1930-1960 Clark regularly published stories in the New Mexico Magazine, which became the basis for "We Made This Land," which was subsequently published as; These Were the Valiant, Calvin Horn Publisher Inc, Albuquerque, New Mexico. 1969 (Book Collection 16, C-34). Ann Nolan Clark died in 1995.

Source: University of Southern Mississippi, archive collection DG 0188:

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This two box collection consists of a handwritten draft and the first typescript of Clark's "We Made This Land," subsequently published as These Were the Valiant. box 1 contains the handwritten draft. box 2 contains the first typescript of this 141 page book in draft form.

These Were the Valiant is a historical book chronicling westward expansion into America's southwestern states, specifically New Mexico, and takes an in-depth look at some of the New Mexico's most prominent historical characters, such as Kit Carson, Bishop Lamy, General Kearny, The Hermit of Hermit's Peak, and the Romeros of Romeroville.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use


It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Utah State University Libraries, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.

Permission to publish material from the Ann Nolan Clark drafts must be obtained from the Special Collections Manuscript Curator and/or the Special Collections Department Head.

Preferred Citation

Ann Nolan Clark drafts, 1930-1960. (COLL MSS 66). Utah State University. Special Collections and Archives Department.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Handwritten draft of "We Made This Land"Return to Top

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
1 1
Draft of "We Made This Land"
1 2
Draft of "We Made This Land," continued

First typescript of "We Made This Land"Return to Top

Container(s) Description
Box Folder
2 1
Introduction and chapter 1 of "We Made This Land," pp. 1-13
2 2
Chapter 2 of "We Made This Land," pp. 14-33
2 3
Chapter 3 of "We Made This Land," pp. 34-51
2 4
Chapter 4 of "We Made This Land," pp. 52-60
2 5
Chapter 5 of "We Made This Land," pp. 61-75
2 6
Chapter 6 of "We Made This Land," pp. 76-86
2 7
Chapter 7 of "We Made This Land," pp. 87-99
2 8
Chapter 8 of "We Made This Land," pp. 100-115
2 9
Chapter 9 of "We Made This Land," pp. 116-126
2 10
Chapter 10 of "We Made This Land," pp. 127-141
2 11
Bibliography of "We Made This Land"

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Indians of North America--Southwest, New--Biography.
  • Personal Names :
  • Clark, Ann Nolan, 1898- These were the valiant.
  • Geographical Names :
  • New Mexico--History.
  • Southwest, New--Biography.