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Fred W. Voget Papers, 1935-1996

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Voget, Fred W., 1913-1997
Title
Fred W. Voget Papers
Dates
1935-1996 (inclusive)
Quantity
13.0 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 318 (collection)
Summary
This collection represents a large portion of the academic research and writing career of cultural anthropologist and American Indian ethnologist Fred W. Voget. Voget focused his research for many years on the Crow tribe, also called Apsaalooké, of Montana.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Frederick William Voget, cultural anthropologist and American Indian ethnologist, was born in Salem, Oregon, on February 12, 1913. He was one of six children of Friedrich A. Voget, who emigrated from Germany to Oregon when he was 19, and Fay Isham, whose grandparents were Oregon pioneers. Voget was educated in Portland public schools, attended Reed College, and graduated from the University of Oregon. He attended graduate school at Yale University and received a Ph.D. in Anthropology in 1947. Fred served in the 71st Division of the U.S. Infantry from 1942 to 1947 and was honorably discharged as a Master Sergeant. He married Mary Kay Mee in 1942 and they had three daughters, Antoinette, Colleen, and Jane. Mrs. Voget worked as Dr. Voget's research assistant throughout their many years together.

Dr. Voget's fieldwork and doctoral dissertation subjects were the Crow Indians of Montana. His dissertation, The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance, was published in 1984 in the Civilization of the American Indians Series, University of Oklahoma Press, and is the first full-length authoritative treatment of the Crow Sun Dance. Holt Rinehart published A History of Ethnology, an earlier book, in 1975. Recent contributions to new books include the introduction to Old Man Coyote and the foreword to Yellowtail, Crow Indian Medicine Man. His most recent book, They Call Me Agnes, was a finalist for the Western Writers of America Spur Award for the best non-fiction book of 1995. They Call Me Agnes, the life story of Agnes Yellowtail Deernose, a Crow Indian woman, was written with the assistance of his wife, Mary Kay Mee.

Dr. Voget was the author of many articles, notable among them "The Osage Indians, Osage Research Report" (New York, London, 1974) and "Crow Sacred Numerology" published in the Plains Anthropologist in 1996. His articles are also published in the 1996 Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology sponsored by Yale University.

Fred Voget taught at McGill University in Montreal, the University of Arkansas, the University of Toronto, and Southern Illinois University. He was a visiting professor at Northwestern University and Portland State University. In 1966 he won a Canada Council Research Grant to work with the Six Nations tribes of Eastern Canada. He was a Fulbright Scholar to Germany in 1972 and returned there in 1979 as a visiting professor at the University of Munich. After his retirement as Professor Emeritus from Southern Illinois University, Fred returned to Portland where he continued to write and lecture. He was an adjunct professor at Portland State University and was a guest lecturer at the University of Oregon and Linfield College.

Since 1939 Dr. Voget devoted his life and his research to recording and preserving the culture and way of life of the Crow as it was and is. His contribution to the study of ethnology was intended to improve the lives of American Indians and to promote understanding and respect for the diversity of cultures in the world. He was an adopted member of the Crow Tribe and spent part of every summer with them in Montana. Fred W. Voget died on 8, 1997

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection represents a large portion of the academic research and writing career of Fred W. Voget from his undergraduate years in the 1930s to a few years before his death in 1997. While the bulk of his research was focused on the Crow Tribe, the collection also includes secondary source research on numerous other North American tribes and primary source research on the Iroquois, Shoshoni, and Blackfeet Indians. Research specific to the Crow Tribe includes bibliographies, annotated photocopies of papers, book chapters, and articles, interviews spanning half of century from 1939 to 1993, and photographs from 1939 to 1987

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Intellectual property rights transferred to the University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Fred W. Voget Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  General Anthropology and Native American research , undatedReturn to Top

0.7 linear feet

This series includes notes and readings on anthropology theory and practice, bibliographies of anthropology readings, and a small amount of anthropology research notes. Additionally, the series has reading notes and bibliographies on a number of Native American tribes. The arbitrary arrangement begins with general anthropology and moves into broad Native American topics.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Anthropology theory notes
undated
1/2
Anthropology and ethnology theory notes
undated
1/3
General bibliography of anthropology and archeology readings
undated
1/4
Bibliography regarding culture, history, and evolution
undated
1/5
Card file of book release notices, various authors
undated
1/6
General anthropology notes regarding "constancy of problems"
undated
1/7
Anthropology graduate class planning notes
undated
1/8
Research notes, culture typology
undated
1/9
Shorthand practice notes
undated
1/10
Pamphlet, "A Preliminary Consideration of Areas of Africa"
1924
1/11
Notes on Central Mexico cultures
undated
1/12
Notes and bibliography, South America
undated
1/13
Miscellaneous notes taken in Southwest Museum
December 1937
1/14
Report and discussion on Dobu Islanders, Apache Kinship, Australian Tribes, Primitive Behavior, and Iroquois Women
undated
1/15
Excerpt regarding Shawnee and Delaware Indians from unnamed report
undated
1/16
Pawnee, mimeographed information
undated
1/17
Arapahoe reading notes
undated
1/18
Kiowa reading notes
undated
1/19
Algonquin reading notes
undated
1/20
Native Americans, reading notes
undated
2/1
Brief news article on origin of corn
undated
2/2
Native American population according to 1910 census
undated
2/3
General Native American bibliography
undated
2/4
Bibliography, general Plains tribes
undated
2/5
Bibliography, brief, U.S. Government
undated
2/6
Bibliography, fur trade
undated

Series II:  Crow Indian research , 1936-1995Return to Top

This series includes bibliographies, research notes on readings, annotated and clean copies of materials, newspaper articles, contact information, and interview notes. The bulk of the series is Crow Indian research, but material such as interviews with Shoshoni tribe members have been included to duplicate Voget's synthesis of this research in his book The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance. While the broad order of this series is arbitrary, Voget's original card file order has been maintained. Cards in "to be filed" groups were filed according to established categories and notes not on cards have been inserted into separate folders according to those same categories or topics. Groupings of interviews have been maintained as much as possible.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2/7
Notes on Frank Bird Linderman's Red Mother
undated
2/8
Notes on 30, 1920 Report Commissioner of Indian Affairs
undated
2/9
Notes on Crow Indian Shelters and information on Fort Belnap Indian Arts and Crafts and the Blackfeet Indian Reservation
undated
2/10
Miscellaneous Crow research notes and memorabilia
undated
2/11
Crow names with abbreviations (informants)
undated
2/12
Indian education specialist address & agency location note
undated
2/13
Crow Agency news articles
1973, 1993
2/14
Crow news articles including reburial of Chief Black Foot, Donald Deernose obituary, and a Henrietta Whiteman profile
1978, 1979
2/15
Miscelleaneous news articles
undated
2/16
References on Crow art
undated
2/17
List of museums
undated
2/18
Bibliography notes
undated
2/19
Early research bibliography on Crow
undated
2/20
Crow bibliography, alphabetized
undated
2/21
Crow bibliographical sources, no order
undated
2/22
Bibliography, Crow and other North American tribes
undated
3/1
Bibliography, Crow and other North American tribes
undated
3/2
Notes on "Phonetic Transcription of Indian Language," Report of Committee of AAA, original 1916, notes
undated
3/3
Pre-history notes and bibliography, Crow
undated
3/4
Notes from Blankets and Moccasins: Plenty Coups and his People, the Crows, author Gwendolin Damon Wagner, published 1936
undated
3/5
Notes from The Oregon Trail, author Francis Parkman, published 1931
undated
3/6
Notes from Meldrum's account in The Indian Journals
undated
3/7
Notes from Peter Nabakov's Two Leggings: The Making of a Crow Warrier
undated
3/8
List of some Crow clans
undated
3/9
Typed copies of various reservation agency reports
1885-1894
3/10
Notes on Crow history
undated
3/11
Miscellaneous short notes, Crow
undated
3/12
Analysis of dating Crow-Hidatsa separation
1991
3/13
Copy of article, "Notes on Crow-Hidatsa Schism"
1977
3/14
Copy of chapters from The Crow Tribe of Indians by Norman Plummer
1974
3/15
Copy of sections from Early Western Travels, Reuben Gold Thwaites, ed. 1904
1966
3/16
Copies of articles on Plains Indians by J.D. Keyser
1979, 1993
3/17
Annotated copy of "The Crow Migration Story," Archeology in Montana
1979
3/18
Copy of "Ethnohistoric Problems in the Crow-Hidatsa Separation," Archaeology in Montana
1979
3/19
Copy of "The North American Berdarche," from Current Anthropology
1983
3/20
Copy of pages from The Missouri Indians
1960
3/21
Annotated copy of portions of The Indian Journal by Lewis Henry Morgan
1959
3/22
Copy of "Journal of Laroque" from Canadian Archives
1911
3/23
Copy of chapters from Narratives of the Adventures of Zenas Leonard
1934
3/24
Abstracts of papers from Montana Archeological Society Annual Meeting
1978
3/25
Copy of "Plains Indian Sun/Dance," by Spier
1921
3/26
B.I.A. "programming for Indian Social and Economic Improvement"
1956-04-12
3/27
Copy of M.A. Thesis "Abaatassheek: The Oilers, Pentecostalism Among the Crow Indians"
1993
4/1
Annotated copy of "Apsaakisshe: A Description of the Crow Indian Sun Dance,"
John A. Grim
undated
4/2
Annotated copies of portions of Indians in the Fur Trade
Arthur J. Ray
1974
4/3
Annotated copy of pages from The Fur Trade in the Upper Missouri, 1840, 1865
John E. Sunder
1965
4/4
Annotated copies of portions of The Missouri Fur Trade, 1840, 1865
undated
4/5
Annotated copies of chapters from Curtis's The North American Indian
undated
4/6
Annotated copy of "The Sundance" from Curtis's The North American Indian
undated
4/7
Annotated copy of "War and Chase" from Curtis's The North American Indians
undated
4/8
Annotated copy of "Myth & Legend" from Curtis's The North American Indian, undated
4/9
Annotated copy of partial chapter "The Apsaroke," from Curtis's The North American Indian
undated
4/10
Annotated copy of "Religion and Ceremonies" from Curtis's The North American Indian
1920
4/11
Copy of chapter on Crow peyotism, author unknown
undated
4/12
Copy of The Stars We Know: Crow Indian Ethnoastronomy
Timothy McCleary
1994
4/13
Annotated copy of "The Sun Dance of the Wind River Shoshoni and Ute"
Robert Lowie
1919
4/14
Annotated copy of Social Life of the Crow Indians
Robert Lowie
1912
4/15
Annotated copy of Myths and Traditions of the Crow Indians
Robert Lowie
1918
4/16
Copy of Societies of the Crow, Hidatsa, and Mandan Indians
Robert Lowie
1913
4/17
Annotated copy of "Crow Sun Dance"
Robert Lowie
1915
4/18
Annotated copy of "Tobacco Society of the Crow Indians"
1919
4/19
Annotated copy of "The Material Culture of the Crow Indians"
Robert Lowie
1922
5/1
Annotated copy of "Crow Indian Art"
Robert Lowie
1922
5/2
Annotated copy of "Minor Ceremonies of the Crow Indians"
Robert Lowie
1924
5/3
Annotated copy of "Towards a "New" North American Legal History"
Frederick Hoxie
1986
5/4
Annotated copy of "A Culture Which Has Been Inevitably Disintegrated"
Frederick Hoxie
1987
5/5
Annotated copy of "Building a Future on the Past: Crow Indian Leadership in an Era of Division and Reunion"
Frederick Hoxie
1984
5/6
New book information sheet on Frederick Hoxie book release
1988
5/7
Annotated book draft entitled "From Individualism to Bureaucracy: Documents on the Crow Indians, Part 1, Chapter I/IV
Charles and Susanna Bradley
1920, 1945-1974
5/8
Annotated book draft entitled "From Individualism to Bureaucracy: Documents on the Crow Indians, Part 1, Chap. V/conclusion
Charles and Susanna Bradley
1920-1945, 1974
5/9
Annotated book draft entitled "From Individualism to Bureaucracy: Documents on the Crow Indians, Part 2
Charles and Susanna Bradley
1920-1945, 1974
5/10
Annotated book draft entitled "From Individualism to Bureaucracy: Documents on the Crow Indians, Part 3
Charles and Susanna Bradley
1920-1945, 1974
5/11
Annotated book draft entitled "From Individualism to Bureaucracy: Documents on the Crow Indians, Part 4
Charles and Susanna Bradley
1920-1945, 1974
5/12
Annotated copy of "An Ethnohistorical Analysis of Crow Political Alliances"
Katherine M. Weist
1977
5/13
Copy of paper entitled "Crow Peyotism"
Robert C. Kiste
1963
5/14
Copy of "The History of Peyotism in Nevada"
Omer C. Stewart
1982
5/15
Copy of "Friend to the Ute"
Omer C. Stewart
1982
6/1
Annotated copy of "An Archeological Demonstration of Migration on the Northern Plains"
William J. Byrne
1978
6/2
Copy of "Crow Rendezvous"
Colin Taylor
1981
6/3
Copy of "Early Nineteenth Century Crow Warrior Costume"
Colin Taylor
1984
6/4
Copy of University of Montana Vision magazine with "Indian Law Clinic" article
1990
6/5
Review of Soldiers Falling into Camp
William W. Savage, Jr.
1992
6/6
Paper entitled "An Early Basket and Plum-Stone Game of Chance Played by Cheyenne Women"
Reno Charlette
1990
6/7
J. E. Ransom's correspondence regarding the Medicine Wheel
1994
6/8
Small copy of 1855 map of Crow Country from unnamed source
undated
6/9
Misc. research on Crow land use and labor statistics
1949, 1975, 1976
6/10
Copy of U.S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs Land Use and Production Records
1974
6/11
Bureau of Indian Affairs statistics on Crow
1983, 1987, undated
6/12
Copy of Koittai Hilik, Crow newspaper
1977
6/13
Copy of "Second Battle of the Big Horn: Indian Voting Rights Suit," in The Nation news magazine
Wilbur Wood
1986-10-25
6/14
Copy of Supreme Court Case, Montana et. al. v. United States et. al. regarding hunting and fishing rights
1981
6/15
Teacher's guide pamphlet titled "Crow Social Studies"
1986
6/16
Photocopied research labeled "Absaroka - 1968"
1968
6/17
Crow-related research and correspondence
undated
6/18
Crow research notes
undated
6/19
Crow stories, research notes
undated
6/20
Crow culture, research notes
undated
7/1
Crow soul concepts, research notes
undated
7/2
Crow medicine pipe and sweat lodge, research notes
undated
7/3
Crow interview notes and other research
1994-1995
7/4
They Call Me Agnes research (including interview notes)
1993-1995
7/5
Notes from interview with Helen (Pease) Wolf for They Call Me Agnes
1980
7/6
One card titled "Crow - Orphans and the Sacred - Old Woman's Grandchild"
undated
7/7
Notes on Crow marriage, one interview note
1939-08-12, undated
7/8
Notes on Crow "Sex-Typing," interview notes
1939, 1941, undated
7/9
Notes on Crow virtue
undated
7/10
Notes on Crow courtship, interview notes
1939, undated
7/11
Notes on Crow menstruation, interview notes
1939, undated
7/12
Note on Crow "Incense - Purification"
undated
7/13
Notes on Crow pregnancy and childbirth, interview notes
1939, undated
7/14
Notes on Crow pregnancy and birth practices, interview notes
1939, undated
7/15
Note on Crow abortion
undated
7/16
Notes on Crow childcare, interview notes
1939, undated
7/17
Notes on Crow ear piercing, interview note
1939, undated
7/18
Notes on Crow child growth ideas, interview note
1939, undated
7/19
Notes on Crow weaning, interview notes
1939, undated
7/20
Notes on Crow childhood training, interview notes
1939, undated
7/21
Notes on Crow childhood play, interview notes
1939, undated
7/22
Notes on Crow teaching practices
undated
7/23
Notes on Crow names and naming practices, interview notes
1939, undated
7/24
Notes on Crow medical practices, interview note
1939, undated
7/25
Note on Crow "curing" or healing practices
undated
7/26
Notes on Crow perspectives toward diseases, sexual and other, interview note
1939, and other undated
8/1
Notes on Crow warfare, interview notes
1939, undated
8/2
Notes on Crow treatment of enemies
undated
8/3
Notes on Crow captives
undated
8/4
Notes on Crow and other tribes' war lodges and camp structures, interviews
1941 and other undated
8/5
Notes on Crow warrior image and character
undated
8/6
Note on Crow viewpoint toward reputation and special skills
undated
8/7
Notes on Crow war party leadership
undated
8/8
Notes on reception of returning Crow war party
undated
8/9
Notes on Crow coup
undated
8/10
Notes on Crow "names - honor," interview
1939, and other undated
8/11
Notes on Crow "healing - military"
undated
8/12
Notes on Crow men's fraternities
undated
8/13
Notes on Crow adults
undated
8/14
Note on Crow youth
undated
8/15
Notes on Crow religion
undated
8/16
Notes on Crow creation myth
undated
8/17
Notes on Crow deities or spirits
undated
8/18
Notes on Crow "Little people or dwarfs"
1969-08-02
8/19
Notes on Crow medicines, interview
1939, undated
8/20
Note on rock medicine
undated
8/21
Notes on Crow fasting
undated
8/22
Notes on Crow dreams and spirit encounters, interview
1939-08-12, undated
8/23
Interview with F. Lefthand on "No-Fire Beings"
1988-10-17
8/24
Notes on Crow medicine men, interviews
1939, undated
8/25
Notes on Crow church, interviews
1939, 1940, undated
8/26
Notes on Crow sacred tobacco
undated
8/27
Notes on ritual diffusion of tobacco
undated
8/28
Notes on Crow "tobacco, adoption - worship"
undated
8/29
Notes on Crow Sun Dance
undated
8/30
Notes from early manuscripts of Yellowtail, Crow Medicine Man and Sun Dance Chief: an autobiography, respectively, final version published and notes approx. 1984
edited by Michael Oren Fitzgerald
1991
9/1
Telephone interview with Tom Yellowtail covering adoption, tobacco, Shoshoni Dance, and money tree
1990-06-17
9/2
Thank you note from Michael Fitzgerald
undated
9/3
Magazine article about Thomas Yellowtail
1993
9/4
Thomas Yellowtail funeral program and obituary
1993-11-20, 1993-12-06
9/5
Notes labeled "informant accounts"
1984
9/6
Notes on Crow "paint"
undated
9/7
Notes on Crow "respect," interview
1980
9/8
Notes on Crow "give-away," interview
1941, 1980
9/9
Interview with A.N. Thomas
1941-10-21
9/10
Notes on Crow use of and attitudes toward peyote, interview
1941-05-27, and other undated
9/11
Notes on Crow smoke - prayer, interviews
1939 and 1980, and other undated
9/12
Notes on Crow conflict and fighting, interview
1939, and other undated
9/13
Notes on Crow insult
undated
9/14
Notes on Crow attitudes toward theft, interview
1939, and other undated
9/15
Note on Crow perspective of good and bad luck
undated
9/16
Interview note regarding existence of Crow writing
undated
9/17
Note from interview with Ball on Batsirupe
1939-08-11
9/18
Notes on Crow council district, interviews
1939
9/19
Notes on modern Crow politics, interviews 1980 & 1987, other undated
9/20
Notes on telephone interview with Frank Voget Lefthand regarding political changes
1994-01-04
9/21
General notes
undated
9/22
Notes generally titled "scattered data on sundance," some interviews
undated
9/23
Interview notes from reminiscences of "Ball"
1939-08-08 - 1939-08-11
9/24
News clipping about Sun Dance news rights
1987
9/25
Pencil drawing of Sun Dance staff
undated
9/26
Typed notes on Sun Dance, participants and dates
undated
9/27
Interview letter with response from Pete Lefthand on marriage, fasting, medicine doll, and Sun Dance
1947-04-08
9/28
Notes on Crow, legendary events and history
undated
9/29
Notes on Hidatsa, cultural background for Crow
undated
9/30
Notes on Crow-Hidatsa Relations
undated
9/31
Notes comparing Mountain Crow and River Crow
undated
9/32
Notes on treaties
undated
9/33
Notes on trade
undated
9/34
Notes on pre-reservation
undated
9/35
Notes on reservation life, interview
1984, and other undated
9/36
Note on agent regulation of Crow social style
undated
9/37
Notes on inter-tribal relations and view of other tribes
undated
9/38
Various appellations applied to the Crows
undated
10/1
Notes on Joseph Medicine-Crow, interview
1987-06-23, undated
10/2
Notes on gestures and sign language
undated
10/3
Notes from readings on character traits assigned to Crows
undated
10/4
Notes on Crow perspective of territory
undated
10/5
Notes on Crow clans, interview
1988-09-01, undated
10/6
Notes on father's clan
undated
10/7
Notes on relationships between clans
undated
10/8
Crow dance societies, interview
1984, 1987, 1988
10/9
Notes on adoption
undated
10/10
Notes on kinship behavior
undated
10/11
Notes on kinship terminology
undated
10/12
Notes on joking relationship
undated
10/13
Notes on local divisions, bands
undated
10/14
Notes on chiefs and political organization
undated
10/15
Notes on camp layout and organization
undated
10/16
Notes on camp circle
undated
10/17
Notes on conflict resolution
undated
10/18
Notes on police camp
undated
10/19
Notes on teepees
undated
10/20
Notes on annual calendar months
undated
10/21
Notes on ethnobotany
undated
10/22
Notes on food collection (women)
undated
10/23
Notes on hunting
undated
10/24
Notes on transportation
undated
10/25
Notes on horses
undated
10/26
Notes on horse equipment, saddle
undated
10/27
Notes on dogs
undated
10/28
Notes on food
undated
10/29
Notes on maternal culture and technology
undated
10/30
Notes on kitchen and eating
undated
10/31
Notes on bow and arrow
undated
10/32
Notes on food preparation
undated
10/33
Notes on eating and etiquette
undated
10/34
Notes on drinking and smoking
undated
10/35
Notes on tanning and hides
undated
10/36
Notes on bags or containers
undated
10/37
Notes on admired types and behavior
undated
10/38
Notes on body customs and care
undated
11/1
Notes on hair
undated
11/2
Notes on cleanliness
undated
11/3
Notes on dress
undated
11/4
Notes on age categories and biological maturation, interviews
1939, undated
11/5
Notes on burial
undated
11/6
Notes on mourning
undated
11/7
Notes on dances, reading and interview
undated
11/8
Notes on modern dance
undated
11/9
Interview notes regarding ghost signals and death
1988
11/10
Interview notes regarding medicine necklaces and names for babies
1987-01-18
11/11
Note on Glad Song, interview
1988-10-17
11/12
Notes on praise songs, interview
1988-10-17, undated
11/13
Notes on Crow Indian Fair, interview
1988-10-17, undated
11/14
Notes on games - competition
undated
11/15
Notes on gambling
undated
11/16
Notes on home life
undated
11/17
Notes on sleeping arrangements
undated
11/18
Note on acculturation - change
undated
11/19
Notes on acculturation
undated
11/20
List of early schools for Native Americans and other note on education
undated
11/21
Notes from readings on coyote
undated
11/22
Interviews on "Old Man Coyote"
undated
11/23
Interview with F. Lefthand on the sun, woodpecker, and Washington's Birthday
undated
11/24
Interviews with Marshall Lefthand on prayer, mystical power, and blessing
1989
11/25
Interview with Marshall Lefthand regarding sexual abuse conference
1989
11/26
Interview with Laverne Williamson, 4th of Pow Wow
1989-06-29
11/27
Interview with F. Lefthand on descent of Crow from sun
1989-07-16
11/28
Notes from telephone conversation with Barbara Lefthand, mention of fashion
1990
11/29
Various interview notes with Frank Voget Lefthand on Tobacco Dance, Sun Dance, and Custer re-enactment
1984, 1991-04-07
11/30
Notes on conversation with Ferole Pease
1996-02-08
11/31
Interview notes on "stylish tendencies of Crow"
1996-02-08
11/32
Crow "notes to be transcribed to index cards"
undated
11/33
Letter from Ferole & Bill
1987
11/34
Notes from interview with Frederick
May, 1993
11/35
Letter from T. Larson Medicine Horse
undated
11/36
Interview with Feral Mae (Hogan) Pease, Crow Agency, Montana
undated
11/37
Notes regarding Crow-Cheyenne conflict over Crow Agency Hospital
undated
11/38
Interview with Bill Russell, Lodge Grass and Pryor, Montana
1956, undated
11/39
Interview with Bill Pease regarding Bill Russell
undated
11/40
Note about Ben Jefferson, Lodge Grass, Montana
undated
11/41
Interviews, notes, and records from Flathead Reservation, Montana
1950, 1956, undated
11/42
Interview with Sam and Flora Hathaway, Pryor, Montana
1956-06-13
11/43
Interview with Poesy Edward Whiteman, Pryor, Montana
1956
11/44
Interview with Mrs. E.A.K. Cashen, Pryor, Montana
undated
11/45
Interview with Oliver Verme, Crow Agency, Montana
1956
11/46
Interview with Josephine Russell, Lodge Grass, Montana 1956
11/47
Copy of Kronmiller letter discussing Crow Tribe Resolutions
1956-06-06
11/48
One page unsigned resolution to alter Crow land lease terms
undated
11/49
Copy of "Constitution and By-Laws of the Crow Tribal Council"
undated
11/50
Photocopies and notes from folder labeled "Mike Cowdrey"
undated
11/51
Kay Voget Crow notes
1968-06-08
11/52
Letter from Agnes Deernose and Ataloa Hogan Harris
undated
11/53
Handwritten list of literature supplied by D. Deernose
undated
12/1
Crow giveaway feast given by George Goes-Ahead-Pretty of Pryor
1946-04-28
12/2
Arrow throwing interview, Crow
1946-04-26
12/3
Jack Covers-Up interview on sun dance, Crow
1946-04-25
12/4
Jim Blaine interview on sun dance, Crow
1946-04-24
12/5
Medicine Crow interview on sun dance
1946-04-23
12/6
Interview with Plays on sun dance, Crow
1946-04-22
12/7
Interviews on sun dance, Crow
1946 and undated
12/8
Interviews on sun dance, much shorthand, Crow
1940s
12/9
Notes for non-sun dance member questionnaire
undated
12/10
Guide for sun dance member questionnaire
undated
12/11
Sun dance interviews with Lynn St. Clair, Tom Wesaw, Tom Compton, and John Truhujo, Shoshoni
August 1948
12/12
Interview with Antonius La Jennesse, Shoshoni
August 1948
12/13
Interviews with Mrs. Mike T. Montour, Caughnawaga Iroquois
1949, 1950
12/14
Signature of Pablo Juan Truhujo
undated
12/15
List of Crow Agency sun dancers
1944
12/16
Compiled lists and tables of sun dance and related data
undated
12/17
Compiled lists of church membership status
undated
12/18
Political questionnaire
undated
12/19
Interviews with members and other information on Shoshoni-Arapahoe Council
1948
12/20
Shoshoni-Arapahoe Joint Council Meetings
1947, 1948
12/21
Meetings of the Business Councils of the Arapahoe and Shoshoni
1940-12-06, 1941-12-11

Series III:  Field research notebooks , 1949-1993Return to Top

1.0 linear feet

This series includes Voget's handwritten field research notebooks on the Shoshoni, the Iroquois, the Blackfeet, and the Crow. Many parts of the notebooks are written in shorthand. The Iroquois and Blackfeet notebooks were transcribed in 2003 and 2004.

The series is arranged in chronological order.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
12/22
Field research notebook, Shoshoni, some shorthand
1948
12/23
Field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada, much shorthand
1949-08-16, undated
28/1
Transcription of field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada
13/1
Field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada, much shorthand
1949-08-16, undated
28/2
Transcription of field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada
13/2
Field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada, much shorthand
1949
28/3
Transcription of field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada
13/3
Field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada, much shorthand
1950
28/4
Transcription of field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada
13/4
Field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada, much shorthand
1950
28/5
Transcription of field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada
13/5
Field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada, some shorthand
1950
28/6
Transcription of field research notebook, Iroquois at Caughnawauga, Ontario, Canada
13/6
Field research notebook, Blackfeet, mostly shorthand
1956
28/7
Transcription of field research notebook, Blackfeet
13/7
Field interview notebook, Crow
1939-07-08 - 1939-07-20
13/8
Field interview notebook, Crow
1939-08-12 - 1939-08-17
13/9
Field research notebook, Crow, no shorthand
1986
13/10
Field research notebook, Crow, no shorthand
1987
14/1
Field research notebook supplement, Crow, no shorthand
1987
14/2
Field research notebook, Crow
1993

Series IV:  Crow language research , undatedReturn to Top

1.0 linear feet

This series includes a small amount of language research notes from secondary sources, but the bulk of the series consists of handwritten and typed cards with a word or phrase in English and the corresponding Crow word or phrase with pronunciation markings.

This series is arranged alphabetically by the English word or the significant word in a phrase.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
14/3
Crow language research notes
undated
14/4
Language cards with multiple words and phrases
undated
14/5
"A"
undated
14/6
"B"
undated
14/7
"C"
undated
14/8
"D"
undated
14/9
"E"
undated
14/10
"F"
undated
15/1
"G"
undated
15/2
"H"
undated
15/3
"I"
undated
15/4
"J"
undated
15/5
"K"
undated
15/6
"L"
undated
15/7
"M"
undated
15/8
"N"
undated
15/9
"O"
undated
15/10
"P"
undated
15/11
"Q"
undated
15/12
"R"
undated
16/1
"S"
undated
16/2
"T"
undated
16/3
"T"
undated
16/4
"U"
undated
16/5
"W"
undated
16/6
"Y"
undated

Series V:  Writings , 1935-1996Return to Top

2.3 linear feet

This series includes some of Voget's undergraduate papers, working drafts of articles and book chapters, and copies of published articles. The drafts preceded published works and probably a planned history of the Crow Indians that was not published at the time of processing.

This series is arranged in rough chronological order within the categories of term papers, drafts, and published works.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
16/7
Three copies of term paper for History of Social Thought class
1935
16/8
Copy of term paper for History of Social Thought class
1935
17/1
Paper for Main Currents of European Thought class
1936
17/2
Analysis of social theorists for Contemporary Social Theories class
1937
17/3
Notes for lecture or article on perspective and focus in anthropology
undated
27/1
Dissertation, The Diffusion of the Wind River Shoshone Sundance to the Crow Indians of Montana
1948
17/4
Broad Crow article outline
undated
17/5
Drafts of article or chapter on Crow Arrow Throw
1946
17/6
Retyped or revised draft of "Social Life of the Crow Arrow Throwing Game"
undated
17/7
Draft of article, "William Big Day: A Crow Innovator"
1946
17/8
Draft of article "Anthropological Theory and Iroquois Ethnology
undated
17/9
Draft of article or lecture entitled "The Status of American Indian Women: A Comparison of Crow and Iroquois Women"
undated
17/10
Draft of Voget introduction to later printing of Blankets and Moccasins, originally published in 1933
undated
17/11
Notes for lecture or article on Crow Indians and Sun Dance
undated
17/12
Draft of table of contents, notes, and bibliography for The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance
undated
17/13
Early chapter outline for The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance
undated
17/14
Notes and partial draft of Chapter 6 of The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance
undated
17/15
Some chapter drafts for The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance
undated
17/16
Index for The Shoshoni-Crow Sun Dance, A-N
undated
17/17
Index for The Shoshon-Crow Sun Dance, O-Z
undated
18/1
Organizing notes for They Call Me Agnes
undated
18/2
Handwritten article or chapter, "Crow Mythology and the Creator"
undated
18/3
Letter from Enciclopedia Italiana
1986
18/4
Draft of "Anthropology and Ethnology" for Enciclopedia Italiana
1988
18/5
Article on Crow for publication in Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 13
1987
18/6
Notebook, possible organizing notes for manuscript
undated
18/7
Drafts of chapters on Crow origins for history of Crow manuscript
1991
18/8
Draft of chapters of Crow worldview for history of Crow manuscript
undated
18/9
Drafts of chapter on Crow religion for manuscript on history of Crow
undated
18/10
Drafts of chapter, "Religion in Crow Indian Culture and Culture History"
1989, 1990, 1994, undated
19/1
Rough draft of chapter, "Crow Culture History"
undated
19/2
Draft of chapter, "Crow Origins"
1991 and undated
19/3
Draft of chapter, "Sacred Design of Hidatsa Society and Culture"
1991 and undated
19/4
"Work copies" of chapter, "Crow Culture"
undated
19/5
Draft of chapter, "Historic Crow Culture"
undated
19/6
Draft of chapter, "Reservation Culture"
undated
19/7
Drafts and correspondence in regard to Voget's introduction to reprint of Old Man Coyote by Frank Bird Linderman
1995
19/8
Abstract, "Were the Crow Indians Conservationists?"
undated
19/9
Article or chapter on Arapahoe culture
undated
19/10
Bibliography for unnamed manuscript
undated
19/11
One page note on paper about Crow ceremonial rights
undated
20/1
Bibliography of published articles by Voget
undated
20/2
Article titled "The Folk Society - An Anthropological Application"
1954
20/3
Article titled "Forgotten Forerunners of Anthropology"
undated
20/4
Article titled "Anthropology and Sociology"
undated
20/5
Article titled "Man and Culture: An Essay in Changing Anthropological Interpretations"
1960
20/6
Article titled "American Indian Reformations and Acculturation"
1960
20/7
Article titled "Reform und Akkomadation: Unter Amerikanischen Indianern"
undated
20/8
Article titled "Comment on Robert K. Thomas' "The Redbird Smith Movement"
1961
20/9
Article, "Progress, Science, History, and Evolution in 18th and 19th Century Anthropology"
1967
20/10
Article titled "Anthropology in the Age of Enlightenment: Progress and Utopian Functionalism"
1968
20/11
Article titled, "A Six Nations' Diary, 1891-1894"
1969
20/12
Article titled, "The History of Cultural Anthropology"
1974
20/13
Article titled "Reflections on Acculturation Processes and Stages: A Reply to Deward E. Walker, Jr."
1976
20/14
Academic Encyclopedia articles
undated
20/15
Entry on Franz Boas in Dictionary of Scientific Biography
undated
20/16
Article titled "Cultural Change and the American Indian"
undated
20/17
Article titled "Sacred Numerology and Management of the Universe by the Crow Indians"
undated
20/18
Article titled "Warfare and the Integration of Crow Indian Culture"
undated
20/19
Article titled "The Reservation Community as an Interactional System"
undated
20/20
Review titled "Ethnoscience Versus the Survey: Steps for Gathering Data"
1980
20/21
Article titled "The Crow Indian Give-Away"
1987
20/22
Article titled "Religion in Crow Indian Culture and Culture History"
1996
20/23
"Before the Indian Claims Commission: Docket Nos. 106 and 107: Osage Research Report," (missing title page, page 1, and bibliographic reference pages 357-371)
1946, 1966

Series VI:  Photos , 1939-1989Return to Top

2.5 linear feet

This series includes Voget's photos, slides, and some negatives taken throughout his research. The bulk of the photos chronicle Crow activities such as the sun dance and arrow throw, feasts, and giveaways. A smaller number of photos are of specific individuals significant to Crow history and/or Voget's research. Another small group of photos pertain to Native American artifacts, the Shoshoni sun dance, and to Mohawk and other Six Nations groups. Most of the photos are very usable with the exception of photos 25/75 through 25/89, which are out of focus. Original photo captions and photo groupings were maintained where they existed. Otherwise, the photos in this series are arranged in rough thematic and chronological order. The slides are grouped at the end of this series.

In 2012, additional or corrected information for some photographs and context about places and events was provided by Aaron Brien, a member of the Apsaalooke Nation, in consultation with other members of the Nation. This information was added with the preface 'Brien note.' When a date was corrected, the correct date was placed in the date field.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
20/24
Photocopies of Crow photos from various publications
undated
20/25
Negatives of pictures and maps from various publications
undated
20/26
Color copies and photocopies of photos used in They Call Me Agnes
undated
20/27
Negative strips relevant to They Call Me Agnes
1980s
20/28
Negative strips from photos used in They Call Me Agnes
1980s
20/29
Negative strips relevant to They Call Me Agnes
undated
20/30
318(VI)1: Joy, daughter of Robert Yellowtail and Agnes
undated
20/31
318(VI)2: Danny and dance troupe
Brien note - Standing: Tom Yellow Tail, Reginald Laubin. Sitting: Josphe Medicine Crow, Donnie Deernose, Henry Old Coyote.
undated
20/32
318(VI)3: Agnes used in They Call Me Agnes
Brien note - Agnes Yellow Tail Deer Nose.
undated
20/33
318(VI)4: Yellowtail family
Brien note - Left to Right: Tom Yellow Tail, Carson Yellow Tail, Robert Yellow Tail, Lizzie (Mother), Amy, and Agnes Yellow Tail.
around 1930
20/34
318(VI)5: Agnes's father, Hawk with Yellow Tail
undated
20/35
318(VI)6: Amy, Agnes's sister
undated
20/36
318(VI)7: Agnes and her Baptist mission schoolmates
ca. 1920
20/37
318(VI)8: Agnes's mother at age 100
Brien note - Lizzie Yellow Tail at age 100, Mother to Agnes Yellow Tail Deer Nose.
undated
20/38
318(VI)9: Two rows of Crow women in traditional dress
Brien note - Amy Yellowtail the sister to Agnes Yellowtail Deernose. Amy was married to John White Man.
undated
20/39
318(VI)10: Crow boarding school, Crow Agency, Montana
1894
20/40
318(VI)11: Crow Shoshoni Sun Dance, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - This sundance photo is of the first sundance held among the Apsaalooke people since 1875.
1941
20/41
318(VI)12: Tripod reminder of Sun Dance, Pryor, Montana, June
1941
20/42
318(VI)13: John Truhujo praying for dancers to give them strength, Pryor, Montana
1941
20/43
318(VI)14: Tripod frame with buffalo head, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - These Sacred items will be put on the "center pole" of the sundance lodge.
1941
20/44
318(VI)15: Tripod frame with buffalo head, Pryor, Montana
1941
21/1
318(VI)16: "Baby cave" at Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Baby Cave (Baakaatitshiwishe or baby footprints.) Pryor, Montana. This place is located right behind where the Baptist Church is today.
undated
21/2
318(VI)17: Henry Big Day with daughter, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - The bundle in the background can be hanging outside for a number of reasons that only the owner may know.
1939
21/3
318(VI)18: Medicine bundle belonging to Henry Big Day's father-in-law hung on west side of house, Pryor, Montana
undated
21/4
318(VI)19: Picnic in the Big Horn Mountains, WY
1940-07-04
21/5
318(VI)20: Portion of the Medicine Wheel, Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
Brien note - A portion of Bighorn medicine wheel.
1940-07-04
21/6
318(VI)21: Main business section of Pryor, Montana
Brien note - The Apsaalooke refer to Pryor, Montana, as "Baahpuua" (They shoot the rock). This area has many names, this is most common.
1939
21/7
318(VI)22: Main business section of Pryor, Montana
1939
21/8
318(VI)23: Wolf Mountains near Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - The Apsaalooke refer to the Wolf Mountains as "Cheetish" (Wolfs Teeth) or "Aluuwiluttuua" (where they get red clay).
1941
21/9
318(VI)24: Medicine Wheel, Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
1940-07-04
21/10
318(VI)25: Medicine Wheel, Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
1940-07-04
21/11
318(VI)26: Medicine Wheel, Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
1940-07-04
21/12
318(VI)27: Unidentified building
Brien note - Round Hall in Crow Agency Montana. Apsaalooke call this building "Awaasuuchichiaxa" (Round House). It was built in the 1930's. It was torn down around 2006.
1940
21/13
318(VI)28: Cemetery
Brien note - Cemetery at the Little Bighorn Battle Site. This is not a cemetery but rather the markers of where bodies were found.
undated
21/14
318(VI)29: Scenic view
undated
21/15
318(VI)30: Woman holding baby at Crow Fair
1940
21/16
318(VI)31: Man holding baby at Crow Fair
1940
21/17
318(VI)32: Crow camp scene
Brien note - this picture was taken at the Annual Crow Fair.
1940
21/18
318(VI)33: Chief Holds-the-Enemy wearing Hudson Bay capote
Brien note - Holds the Enemy wearing Hudson Bay coat. Holds the enemy was not a Chief but he was a respected elder among the Apsaalooke. His father, Pretty Eagle, was a Chief.
1939
21/19
318(VI)34: Chief Holds-the-Enemy, Prior, Montana
Brien note - Holds the enemy was not a Chief but he was a respected elder among the Apsaalooke. His father, Pretty Eagle, was a Chief.
1939
21/20
318(VI)35: Camp views of annual Crow Fair
1939
21/21
318(VI)36: Camp views of annual Crow Fair
1939
21/22
318(VI)37: Folka Lefthand combing her hair, Crow Fair
1939
21/23
318(VI)38: Camp view at annual Crow Fair
1939
21/24
318(VI)39: Women with children, Crow Fair
1940
21/25
318(VI)40: Women with children, Crow Fair
1940
21/26
318(VI)41: Eating at the annual Crow Fair
1939
21/27
318(VI)42: Eating at the annual Crow Fair
1939
21/28
318(VI)43: Ruth Backbone and Elaine Mikalson at Crow Fair
Brien note - Ruth Backbone would later be known as "Ruth Alden"
1940
21/29
318(VI)44: Two men observing fair
1940
21/30
318(VI)45: Two men and child on bench
1940
21/31
318(VI)46: Man in traditional dress
1940
21/32
318(VI)47: Pete Lefthand at Crow Fair
1939
21/33
318(VI)48: Camp scene
undated
21/34
318(VI)49: Camp scene
undated
21/35
318(VI)50: Unidentified family eating
undated
21/36
318(VI)51: Man and children in camp area at Crow Fair
Brien note - Pete Left Hand and child at camp during Crow Fair.
1939
21/37
318(VI)52: Teepee
Brien note - Little Nest's Painted Teepee. This Teepee most likely belongs to Little Nest. He was known for the Feather figures on the outside of his teepee opposite of the door. He recived this from a vision during a fasting some years before. These feathers are known as "Feather Flag."
1940
21/38
318(VI)53: Three men on horseback facing camera
ca. 1940
21/39
318(VI)54: Henry Big Day and horse at Crow Fair
undated
21/40
318(VI)55: Henry Big Day and horse at Crow Fair
undated
21/41
318(VI)56: Henry Big Day and horse at Crow Fair
undated
21/42
318(VI)57: Henry Big Day and horse at Crow Fair
undated
21/43
318(VI)58: Henry Big Day at Crow Fair
undated
21/44
318(VI)59: Henry Big Day and unknown man on horseback at Crow Fair
undated
21/45
318(VI)60: Horse with fancy bridle and breast plate for Crow Fair parade
1940
21/46
318(VI)61: Assembling for the Crow Fair parade in Northeast section of camp, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Crow Fair 1939. Northeast section of the camp.
1939
21/47
318(VI)62: Assembling for the Crow Fair parade
Brien note - Crow Fair 1939. Northeast section of the camp. Closer view.
1939
21/48
318(VI)63: Crow Fair parade
Brien note - Crow Fair parade August 1940. Robert Yellowtail.
1940
21/49
318(VI)64: Crow Fair parade
1940
21/50
318(VI)65: Gathering for costume judging at Crow Fair
1939
21/51
318(VI)66: Line of men on horseback in traditional clothing
undated
21/52
318(VI)67: Crow Fair parade
Brien note - Crow Fair Parade. Robert Yellowtail.
undated
21/53
318(VI)68: Crow Fair parade
undated
21/54
318(VI)69: Crow Fair parade passing on
1939
21/55
318(VI)70: Crow Fair parade passing on
1939
21/56
318(VI)71: Two men on horseback with American flag, teepees in background
undated
21/57
318(VI)72: Men on horseback carrying flag
undated
21/58
318(VI)73: Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana
1939
21/59
318(VI)74: Parade at Crow Fair
Brien note - Crow Fair Parade. Robert Yellowtail.
1940
21/60
318(VI)75: Raising teepee at Crow Fair
1940
21/61
318(VI)76: Henry Big Day at Crow Fair
undated
21/62
318(VI)77: Herb Reed at Crow Fair
1940
21/63
318(VI)78: Reed kids and Thelma in camp at Crow Fair
1940
21/64
318(VI)79: Three children at Crow Fair
ca. 1940
21/65
318(VI)80: Small girl in traditional Crow dress, Crow Fair
ca. 1940
21/66
318(VI)81: Suzy Yellowtail in bone elk tooth dress
undated
21/67
318(VI)82: Henry Big Day in traditional clothing with pinto horse
1940
21/68
318(VI)83: Henry Big Day on pinto
1940
21/69
318(VI)84: Camp scene with meat drying on pole at Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana
1939
21/70
318(VI)85: Camp scene with woman and child in foreground
undated
21/71
318(VI)86: Crow teepees with ramada-type shelter at Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana
1939
21/72
318(VI)87: Crow teepees with ramada-type shelter at Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana
1939
21/73
318(VI)88: Crow teepees, Crow Agency, Montana
1940
21/74
318(VI)89: Teepee
Brien note - Painted teepee. Possibly Little Nest's teepee.
undated
21/75
318(VI)90: Teepee
undated
21/76
318(VI)91: Teepee
undated
21/77
318(VI)92: Crow teepees
undated
21/78
318(VI)93: Teepee & cars, Crow Fair
1940
21/79
318(VI)94: Child's play teepee, Crow
1939
21/80
318(VI)95: Old Cree mediwoman, Yellow-woman (Mrs. Ball), Ball, and Joe Turns Back, Pryor, Montana
1939
21/81
318(VI)96: Crow women at Crow Fair
Brien note - Apsaalooke Women at Crow Fair, August 1939
1939
21/82
318(VI)97: Women and children under canopy, Crow Fair
1940
21/83
318(VI)98: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/84
318(VI)99: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/85
318(VI)100: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/86
318(VI)101: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/87
318(VI)102: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/88
318(VI)103: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/89
318(VI)104: View of Crow Fair camp
1940
21/90
318(VI)105: Returning war party at Crow Fair
Brien note - It is the Apsaalooke belief that, when a Clan Father makes a "good wish" for the clan child it will come true. The praise song is one way of making that wish.
1939
22/1
318(VI)106: Remnants of fort build by Cheyenne about five miles from Lodge Grass, Montana
undated
22/2
318(VI)107: War lodge, presumably left by Piegan
1941
22/3
318(VI)108: War lodge, presumably left by Piegan
1941
22/4
318(VI)109: Gathering, possibly for feast
undated
22/5
318(VI)110: Three boys at Crow Fair
1939
22/6
318(VI)111: Looking out over North Fork of Lodge Grass Creek, Montana
1941
22/7
318(VI)112: Teepee Pole Springs in the Big Horn Mountains
1941
22/8
318(VI)113: Inspecting marriage gifts
Brien note - It is Apsaalooke custom to give gifts to the newly married couple. An Apsaalooke mother will give a teepee and new dress as well as many household goods. This is a custom that is still practiced.
1940
22/9
318(VI)114: Hartford Whitehip's marriage, inspecting gift of groom and bride's parents and kin, Lodge Grass, Montana
1940
22/10
318(VI)115: Whitehip marriage goods displayed, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Gloria's Apsaalooke name was Weasel Song "Utteiishuhe." This was given to her by the well respected Pryor Montana elder Plainfeather.
1940
22/11
318(VI)116: Gloria Goes Ahead, Crow bride, with wedding gifts, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Gloria Goes Ahead Wedding day 1940 - Gloria was born in 1931 making her 9 years old in 1940. Gloria was married in 1950. [Archives note - the Gloria Goes Ahead photographs were dated by an earlier processor as 1940.]
1950
22/12
318(VI)117: Gloria Goes Ahead, Crow bride, inspecting wedding gifts
1950
22/13
318(VI)118: Crow bride and young groom (Gloria Goes Ahead and Barnard Cummins) with wedding presents
Brien note - Bernard and Gloria Cummins looking at a "wedding gift horse."
1950
22/14
318(VI)119: Possible wedding gift display
undated
22/15
318(VI)120: View of house, barn, and corrals, Pryor, Montana
1941
22/16
318(VI)121: View of house, barn, and corrals, Pryor, Montana
1941
22/17
318(VI)122: Tobacco garden, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Tobacco Garden fence. This Ceremony is called Oopawuussiio, "Putting tobacco in". To be involved in the Tobacco gardens one must be a member of the Tobacco Society "Baasshussuua".
May 30, 1941
22/18
318(VI)123: Tobacco garden 6 days after planting, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - View From inside the Tabacco Garden six days after planting.
May 30, 1941
22/19
318(VI)124: Woman cleaning hide with elkhorn adze, grandmother with child
1940
22/20
318(VI)125: Woman staking hide down
Brien note - Unknown women nailing hide down.
1940
22/21
18(VI)126: Woman working on tanning hide, Lodge Grass, Montana
1940
22/22
318(VI)127: Woman tanning hide, Lodge Grass, Montana 1940
22/23
318(VI)128: Hide stretched between pegs for tanning
1939
22/24
318(VI)129: Hide stretched between pegs for tanning
1939
22/25
318(VI)130: Woman-on-top-of-the-ground demonstrates fleshing of deerhide
1941
22/26
318(VI)131: Woman-on-top-of-the-ground softens hide by scraping
1941
22/27
318(VI)132: Two unidentified women
undated
22/28
318(VI)133: Two people
Brien note - Two unidenitied people getting rest inside the Sundance lodge.
undated
22/29
318(VI)134: Crow child in parade dress on black and white pinto
Brien note - Unidenified Apsaalooke girl on black and white pinto pararde horse.
1940
22/30
318(VI)135: Crow child in parade dress on dark-colored horse
Brien note - Unidenified Apsaalooke girl on sorrel parade horse.
1940
22/31
318(VI)136: Crow feast after giveaway
Brien note - It is common after any Apsaalooke "doings" to have a feed, as seen here.
1940
22/32
318(VI)137: Dancing fraternity in background and circle of men playing hand games in foreground
Brien note - Apsaalooke Hot Dancers and singers, with childern watching in foreground. The Voget description states these men are dancing and a group of men are playing handgames. It was mistaken. Singers were taken for handgame players.
1940
22/33
318(VI)138: Eddie Roundface signalling in Handgame, Pryor
Brien note - This a game played only in the winter. It is a Apsaalooke taboo to play this game during the summer months.
ca. 1939-1940
22/34
318(VI)139: Yellow Face and Holds-the-Enemy at Crow Fair
Brien note - Yellow Face in this image may be "Half Yellow Face" who was best known for his role as a scout for the 7th Calvary. But he himself was what the Apsaalooke refer to as "Pipe Carrier" commonly known as a war leader. Holds the Enemy was the son of respected Chief Pretty Eagle.
August 1939
22/35
318(VI)140: Holds-the-Enemy on horseback at crow Fair
1939
22/36
318(VI)141: Branding on Reed farm, Arliss Whiteman
undated
22/37
318(VI)142: Branding by Yellowtail, the Crow Superintendent
undated
22/38
318(VI)143: Branding
undated
22/39
318(VI)144: Gathering poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Two Unidentified men near unused sweat lodge, Crow Reservation This description says "Gathering poles for sundance lodge. But in folder 7 of box 22 this same picture states "Teepee Pole Springs in the Big Horn Mountains, 1941." It is important to note that Tipi Pole Springs and Crow Agency are not close to each other.
1941
22/40
318(VI)145: Gathering poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Getting ready to construct the Sundance lodge, Crow Agency. From looking at the negative this is not gathering poles for the sundance but it is sundance related. This is known as "aweeleennissuua" or "Bitaalasshia paaxaau". This is a ceremony done right before the Sundance.
1941
22/41
318(VI)146: Gathering poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Getting ready to construct the Sundance lodge. This picture looks like the same event as folder 40.
1941
22/42
318(VI)147: Gathering poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Unidenified men talking, the "center pole" lying on the ground, Crow Agency. This picture looks like the same event as folder 40.
1941
22/43
318(VI)148: Gathering poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Apsaalooke Men getting ready to raise the Center Pole, Crow Agency. This picture is of the "Raising of the center pole".
1941
22/44
318(VI)149: Gathering poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Construction of the Sundance Lodge, Crow Agency. This was only the second sundance among the Apsaalooke since 1875. The first being in Pryor, Montana, one month before.
1941
22/45
318(VI)150: Charlie Ten/bear talks with signs while Truhujo listens, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/46
318(VI)151: Loading poles for sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Loading the "Center Pole" Crow Agency, Montana. The sponse\or for this sundance was Gus Other Medicine and the Sundance Chief was John Truhujo.
1941
22/47
318(VI)152: Truck dragging wagon with poles, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/48
318(VI)153: Slender pole draped with material, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/49
318(VI)154: Tripod in foreground, seated people in background, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/50
318(VI)155: Woodpile which lay south of the buffalo head, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/51
318(VI)156: Preparing center pole, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Unknown men preparing the center pole to be raised, Crow Agency, Montana.
1941
22/52
318(VI)157: Preparation of sun dance lodge center pole, Charlie Ten/bear in immediate foreground, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/53
318(VI)158: Charlie Ten/bear gesturing, Truhujo visible, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/54
318(VI)159: Messenger eagle marking center pole location, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Stuffed eagle that is going to be placed on the Center pole, Crow Agency. The Apsaalooke say that the eagle is placed on the Center pole to represent freedom. The eagle has no boundries. As well as the Apsaalooke belief that all birds carry our prayers to the Creator.
1941
22/55
318(VI)160: Messenger eagle resting on cottonwood foliage frame pointed to sun, marking location of center pole, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/56
318(VI)161: Messenger eagle
undated
22/57
318(VI)162: Ready to attach buffalo head to center pole, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/58
318(VI)163: Attaching buffalo head to center pole, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - The Center pole has three main objects attached to it. The Buffalo head, Eagle and a Bundle of willows. The Center pole also has three or four black lines at the base marking the length of the dance.
1941
22/59
318(VI)164: Raising center pole at Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/60
318(VI)165: Raising the center pole
undated
22/61
318(VI)166: Raising center pole for sun dance
1940
22/62
318(VI)167: Raising center pole for sun dance
1941
22/63
318(VI)168: Raising center pole for sun dance
1940
22/64
318(VI)169: Stabilizing center pole for sun dance
1941
22/65
318(VI)170: Stages in lodge construction for Crow sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/66
318(VI)171: Stages in lodge construction for Crow sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/67
318(VI)172: Constructing sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/68
318(VI)173: Center pole with buffalo head, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/69
318(VI)174: Center pole with buffalo head, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/70
318(VI)175: Center pole with buffalo head, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
22/71
318(VI)176: Men waiting in and by truck, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Apsaalooke Hot Dancers in back of pickup truck. It looks like these dancers are getting ready to take part in the Crow Fair Parade.
1941
22/72
318(VI)177: Early sun dance lodge construction, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - At this point the sundance lodge is almost up. They are putting up the rafter poles of which there are 12, to repersent the 12 new moons of the year.
1941
23/1
318(VI)178: Structure of sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/2
318(VI)179: Distant view of empty sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Distant view of the Sundance lodge shortly after the dance is over.
1941
23/3
318(VI)180: Distant view of occupied sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - This picture looks like it was taken on the "painting day" which is the most important day of the dance.
1941
23/4
318(VI)181: Very distant view of sun dance lodge, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/5
318(VI)182: Dancers sitting around tree singing sacred songs during sunrise ceremony, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Sunrise Ceremony. At sunrise every morning of the dance, the dancers wake just before the sun rises and they greet it as it comes up. Then they sit down and sing four sacred songs that can never be changed. These songs were given to the people by a buffalo bull.
1941
23/6
318(VI)183: Dancers seated around center pole
Brien note - Sunrise Ceremony.
undated
23/7
318(VI)184: Dancers seated around center pole
Brien note - Sunrise Ceremony.
undated
23/8
318(VI)185: Crow sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/9
318(VI)186: Crow sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/10
318(VI)187: Curing at Crow sun dance, Crow Agency
Brien note - Doctoring day at Crow Agency sundance. August 1941. This is done on the second day and the public is welcome to come and get prayed for.
1941
23/11
318(VI)188: Curing at sun dance
Brien note - Doctoring day at Crow Agency sundance. August 1941
1941
23/12
318(VI)189: Crow sun dancers dancing to and from center pole, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Dancing to the pole.
1941
23/13
318(VI)190: Dancers dancing to and from center pole
Brien note - Dancing to the pole.
undated
23/14
318(VI)191: Dancers dancing to and from center pole
Brien note - Dancing to the pole.
undated
23/15
318(VI)192: Dancers near center pole
Brien note - Dancing to the pole.
undated
23/16
318(VI)193: John Truhujo doctoring Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/17
318(VI)194: John Truhujo doctoring Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/18
318(VI)195: John Truhujo doctoring Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/19
318(VI)196: Man watches as John Truhujo doctors Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/20
318(VI)197: John Truhujo doctoring Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/21
318(VI)198: John Truhujo doctoring Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/22
318(VI)199: John Truhujo doctoring Charlie Horse at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/23
318(VI)200: John Truhujo doctoring, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/24
318(VI)201: John Truhujo in prayerful attitude after doctoring, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/25
318(VI)202: Man and child at center pole in sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/26
318(VI)203: John Truhujo doctoring old men, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/27
318(VI)204: Old men at center pole, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/28
318(VI)205: Truhujo, woman, and other, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/29
318(VI)206: Truhujo doctoring old men, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/30
318(VI)207: Truhujo doctoring child at Crow sun dance
1941
23/31
318(VI)208: People moving toward sun dance lodge
Brien note - I feel it is imortant to note that the Sundance is a public event and it is not uncommon for people to be spectating solely for the sake of watching.
undated
23/32
318(VI)209: Photo focused on male clothing at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - In this picture you can see the dancers sundance necklace. This is the dancers individual medicine "power". Many dancers wear them on the "medicine day."
1941
23/33
318(VI)210: Two men at center pole in sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/34
318(VI)211: Crowd at Crow sun dance
Brien note - The reason for the big crowd at the entrance of the lodge is, this was the first sundance ever held at the agency of the reservation.
1941
23/35
318(VI)212: Tom Compton, Wind River Shoshoni, strengthening dancers, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/36
318(VI)213: Tom Compton, Wind River Shoshoni, strengthening dancers, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Tom Compton never did run a sundance on the Crow Reservation until 1942 and more than likely it was among the Pryor people. So the date on the description cannot be right.
1941
23/37
318(VI)214: Crow sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Truhujo praying for people, Crow Agency, August 1941.
1941
23/38
318(VI)215: Crow sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Second Day of the Crow Agency sundance. On this day the public is welcome to come in and have the blessings of the lodge and the prayers of the sundance chief.
1941
23/39
318(VI)216: Crow sun dancers, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/40
318(VI)217: Crow sun dancers, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/41
318(VI)218: Crow sun dancers, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/42
318(VI)219: Crow sun dancers, Crow Agency, Montana
Brien note - Dancers being doctored.
1941
23/43
318(VI)220: Crow sun dance spectators, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/44
318(VI)221: Dancers and others gathered before center pole
undated
23/45
318(VI)222: Pete Lefthand on hill overlooking Crow encampment near Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Pete Left Hand overlooking sundance camp in Pryor Montana. June 18-24, 1941.
1940
23/46
318(VI)223: Pete Lefthand standing with Campbell Big Hail, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/47
318(VI)224: Pete Lefthand standing with Campbell Big Hail, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/48
318(VI)225: John Truhujo conferring with Crow coup strikers at sun dance, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/49
318(VI)226: Charlie Tenbear armed with coupstick for striking coup on the sun dance timbers, Crow Agency, Montana
1941
23/50
318(VI)227: Sun dance sweat lodge
Brien note - Sundancers in shade. This is not a sweat lodge. This is just inside of the Sunadnce lodge and the sheets or blankets are up for shade during times of rest.
undated
23/51
318(VI)228: Resting after sunrise greeting, Shoshoni drum in foreground, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/52
318(VI)229: Blurred photo of sun dance, possibly sunrise ceremony
undated
23/53
318(VI)230: Jack Covers-up
Brien note - Jack Covers up was a well known Akbaaalahooniliia "One who talks load at groups" or "Camp Crier". He was from the Lodge Grass District.
undated
23/54
318(VI)231: Jack Covers-up and Little Nest at sun dance, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Jack Covers up (Lodge Grass) and Little Nest (Wyola), at Pryor sundance in June of 1941
1941
23/55
318(VI)232: Jack Covers-up (Lodge Grass) and Little Nest (Wyola) speaking with sign language (Little Nest is deaf) at sun dance, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Jack Covers up (Lodge Grass) and Little Nest (Wyola), at Pryor sundance in June of 1941
1941
23/56
318(VI)233: Jack Covers-up and Little Nest speaking sign language, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Jack Covers up (Lodge Grass) and Little Nest (Wyola), at Pryor sundance in June of 1941
1941
23/57
318(VI)234: Little Nest posing, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Little Nest was the owner of a very well respected Rock Medicine Bundle. Known as "Iise-shoobaa" or "Four Faces". Now owned by his grandson Marvin Stewart.
1941
23/58
318(VI)235: Little Nest smoking to the sun before breakfast, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/59
318(VI)236: Little Nest smoking to the sun before breakfast, Pryor, Montana
1941
23/60
318(VI)237: Tobacco Lodge, Little Nest (L) smoking pipe
Brien note - Tobacco Adoption Lodge "Ashchitchee". The Tobacco Society is a group of people whose job is to plant tobacco as a part of the revitalization of the Apsaalooke. One must be adopted into this society.
undated
23/61
318(VI)238: Tobacco lodge
Brien note - Tobacco Society Adoption Lodge "Ashchitchee". Inside view. From looking at this image it appears that the woman is being adopted into Baasshussuua "Tobacco Society". Baasshussheelaakbisuua "Tobacco Dance Adoption."
1939
23/62
318(VI)239: Tobacco lodge
Brien note - Tobacco Society Adoption Lodge "Ashchitchee". Inside view.
1939
23/63
318(VI)240: Tobacco lodge
Brien note - Tobacco Society Adoption Lodge "Ashchitchee". Inside view.
1939
23/64
318(VI)241: Tobacco lodge
Brien note - Tobacco Society Adoption Lodge "Ashchitchee". Inside view.
1939
23/65
318(VI)242: Tobacco lodge
Brien note - Tobacco Society Adoption Lodge "Ashchitchee". Inside view. Second lady from left looks like Mabel Pretty on Top.
1939
23/66
318(VI)243: Hand game
1940
23/67
318(VI)244: Hand game, White Arm in center turned right, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Visiting Whitearm.
1940
23/68
318(VI)245: Hand game, White Arm in center facing forward, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Visiting Whitearm.
1940
23/69
318(VI)246: Hand game, White Arm in center, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - White Arm and Blake Whiteman to his right. Blake Whiteman was sometimes called Blake Packs the Hat.
1940
23/70
318(VI)247: White Arm, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Whitearm, Lodge Grass, Montana. Lodge Grass named a park after him. "White Arm Park"
1940
23/71
318(VI)248: Hand game, White Arm in center, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - White Arm playing hand game.
1940
23/72
318(VI)249: Hand game, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - White Arm and Jack Covers up to his far left.
1940
23/73
318(VI)250: Hand game, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Hand Game, Jack Covers Up. Jack Covers Up is sitting on the far left of the photo.
1941
23/74
318(VI)251: Hand game, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Hand Gamers posing.
1941
23/75
318(VI)252: Hand game participants
Brien note - Singers after hand game, 1941. More than likely they are singing a victory song after winning the hand game.
undated
23/76
318(VI)253: Crow dancers, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Apsaalooke Hot Dancers.
1941
23/77
318(VI)254: Crow fair, dancing fraternity and hand games, Pryor
Brien note - Apsaalooke Hot Dancers and Drum Group.
1941
23/78
318(VI)255: Line of Crow dancers and small circle of men playing hand game, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Apsaalooke Dancers waiting for the next song, with singers in foreground.
1941
23/79
318(VI)256: Dancers
undated
23/80
318(VI)257: Honor dance and hand game, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Honor Dance following the Pryor sundance of William Big Day, 1941.
1941
24/1
318(VI)258: Dancers and hand game participants
Back of photo: Crow sundance. June 17-20, 1941. Start of dance around camp prior to give away dance ending the festivities. Brien note - Start of Honor dance around camp prior to the "Give away." Pryor, Montana. June 17-20, 1941.
undated
24/2
318(VI)259: Eddie Roundface signals a right hand call in a hand game, Frank Hawk leaning over, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Eddie Round Face and Frank Hawk playing hand game. Eddie Round Face Guesses to the right and Frank Hawk is leaning over.
1941
24/3
318(VI)260: Pete Lefthand with his son, Anthony
Brien note - Pete Left Hand with his child Anthony Left Hand. June, 1941.
1941
24/4
318(VI)261: Unknown man
Brien note - Unknown Apsaalooke Man, wearing a "Reservation Hat" which was the style during the early 1900's.
undated
24/5
318(VI)262: Three unknown men mostly in traditional dress
Brien note - Three unknown men. Do not appear to be Apsaalooke.
undated
24/6
318(VI)263: Sheridan, Wyoming rodeo parade
Brien note - Sheridan Indian Days Parade, July 1941.
1941
24/7
318(VI)264: Sheridan, Wyoming rodeo parade
Brien note - Sheridan Indian Days Parade, July 1941. Looks like Donnie Deer Nose.
1941
24/8
318(VI)265: Cheyenne Indians in Sheridan, Wyoming rodeo parade
Brien note - Cheyenne Indians in Sheridan Indian Days Parade. Sheridan Wyoming.
1941
24/9
318(VI)266: Sheridan, Wyoming rodeo parade
Brien note - Sheridan Indian Days Parade, July 1941.
1941
24/10
318(VI)267: Sheridan, Wyoming rodeo parade
Brien note - Sheridan Indian Days Parade, July 1941.
1941
24/11
318(VI)268: Sheridan, Wyoming rodeo parade
Brien note - Donnie Deer Nose, Col Tim McCoy and Supt, Robert Yellowtail. Sheridan Indian Days Parade, July 1941.
1941
24/12
318(VI)269: Parade float
Brien note - Sheridan Indian Days Parade, July 1941.
undated
24/13
318(VI)270: American Indian Days, Sheridan, Wyoming or Billings, Montana
Brien note - Three Apsaalooke People on horse back near camp. Montana 1940. The one on the far right looks like Amy or Agnes Yellow Tail. Also it appears to be at Crow Cair in Crow Agency, Montana.
1940
24/14
318(VI)271: Voget's naming, St. Xavier, Montana
undated
24/15
318(VI)272: Katie Bear Below
undated
24/16
318(VI)273: Crow feast
ca. 1939-1940
24/17
318(VI)274: Crow feast
ca. 1939-1940
24/18
318(VI)275: Group enjoying outdoor meal, Lodge Grass, Montana
ca. 1939-1940
24/19
318(VI)276: Cars and people, Lodge Grass, Montana
ca. 1939-1940
24/20
318(VI)277: Unknown man giving away a horse
There are two copies of this photograph in the folder. One is labeled 'Jack Covers-up, herald, announcing gift of horses during giveaway.' The other is labeled 'Pete Lefthand giving away a horse,' but in 2015 Fred Lefthand stated this is not an image of his father, Pete Lefthand.
ca. 1939-1940
24/21
318(VI)278: Women sorting goods for giveaway, Lodge Grass, Montana
ca. 1940
24/22
318(VI)279: War lodge reconstructed
Brien note - War lodge (Ashdaache) Reconstruction, 1939-1940. Ashdaache "the lodge that leans." These are where warriors would stay during long extended war parties and raids.
ca. 1939-1940
24/23
318(VI)280: Post office, Pryor, Montana
ca. 1940s
24/24
318(VI)281: Hand game, Pryor, Montana
ca. 1939-1940
24/25
318(VI)282: Hand game, Pryor, Montana
ca. 1939-1940
24/26
318(VI)283: Hand game, Pryor, Montana
ca. 1939-1940
24/27
318(VI)284: Hand game, Pryor, Montana
ca. 1939-1940
24/28
318(VI)285: Crowd watching hand game
1939
24/29
318(VI)286: Summer shelter put up at Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Sweat lodge 1939
1939
24/30
318(VI)287: Crow sun dance
Brien note - Apsaalooke Sundancer praying at the center pole. September 1948
1948
24/31
318(VI)288: Joe Hill curing
Brien note - Joe Hill, the conductor of the sundance, doctoring a woman. September 1948.
1948
24/32
318(VI)289: Jo Hill curing
September, 1948
24/33
318(VI)290: At Crow sun dance
Brien note - Joe Hill using a eagle bone whistle to "suck" the sickness out of woman. September 1948.
September, 1948
24/34
318(VI)291: Shoshoni in street clothes at center pole, Washikie, WY
1948
24/35
318(VI)292: Early stage in lodge construction, Washakie, WY
1948
24/36
318(VI)293: Middle stage of lodge construction, Washakie, WY
1948
24/37
318(VI)294: Constructing Shoshoni sun dance area, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Early medicine day of the sundance. Ft Washakie, August 1948. On this day helpers come inside the lodge to put up what people call "stalls" and these are starting gate like door ways that each dancer stands in while dancing. Used to help keep you up during long day ahead.
1948
24/38
318(VI)295: Shoshoni sun dance lodge, seated people, Washakie, WY
1948
24/39
318(VI)296: View of sun dance lodge with drum in foreground and dancers in background, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Sundance chief praying at the center pole. Ft. Washakie, Wyoming. 1948
1948
24/40
318(VI)297: Shoshoni drum, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Warming up the drum. Fort Washakie Wyoming, Aug 1948 The drum is commonly made from the hide of a elk, buffalo, or even cattle. This hide absorbs moisture very well, in doing so they lose their sound. This the reason they set the drum in the sun for long periods of time, to regain the sound.
1948
24/41
318(VI)298: Drum in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Down time in the lodge, with drum in foreground
undated
24/42
318(VI)299: Shoshoni dancers gathered around fire after sunrise greeting, Washakie, WY
1948
24/43
318(VI)300: Shoshoni dancers gathered around consecrated fire, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Sunrise Ceremony. Fort Washakie, Wyoming. August 1948.
1948
24/44
318(VI)301: Shoshoni dancers seated with blankets over shoulders, gathered around consecrated fire, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Sunrise Ceremony. Fort Washakie, Wyoming. August 1948.
1948
24/45
318(VI)302: Shoshoni dancers pray to sun at sunrise, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Dancing the sun up, Fort Washakie Wyoming. August, 1948. This is the first step in the sunrise ceremony. Dancers are seated after the sun is completely up.
1948
24/46
318(VI)303: Shoshoni sun dance, Washakie, WY
1948
24/47
318(VI)304: Shoshoni dancer at center pole, Washakie, WY
1948
24/48
318(VI)305: Shoshoni dancer with woman and children at center pole, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Woman and childern getting prayed for at center pole. Fort Washakie. August, 1948.
1948
24/49
318(VI)306: Shoshoni dancers and others at center pole, Washakie, WY
1948
24/50
318(VI)307: Shoshoni dancers with woman and other dancers at center pole, Washakie, WY
1948
24/51
318(VI)308: Shoshoni leaving sun dance area, Washakie, WY
1948
24/52
318(VI)309: Shoshoni dancers gathered, Washakie, WY
1948
24/53
318(VI)310: Distant view of Shoshoni sun dance lodge, Washakie, WY
1948
24/54
318(VI)311: Shoshoni dancers, Washakie, WY
Brien note - Dancers being doctored at Waskakie sundance. August 1948. The man leaning over is more than likely using a eagle wing fan to touch the dancers and give them strength.
1948
24/55
318(VI)312: Unidentified man, Washakie, WY
1948
24/56
318(VI)313: Lynn St. Clair, Washakie, WY
1948
24/57
318(VI)314: Tony Lajeunesse, Washakie, WY
1948
24/58
318(VI)315: Two unidentified men, Washakie, WY
1948
24/59
318(VI)316: Al Childs, Crow
Brien note - Al Child in the mouth.
undated
24/60
318(VI)317: Paternal clansmen praying for dancers at end of sun dance, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Clan Fathers and Mothers praying for dancers at the end of the dance.
1975
24/61
318(VI)318: James Bear Below (r) and Ira Lefthand (l) at snack bar at sun dance, Lodge Grass, Montana
1975
24/62
318(VI)319: William Yellow Robe, Assiniboine, first recipient of Peter Lefthand Award
1986
24/63
318(VI)320: Feasting at sun dance giveaway, Melvin Lefthand, wife Gladys, and daughter
1987
24/64
318(VI)321: Sun dance giveaway
1987
24/65
318(VI)322: Hugh Little Owl, Ira and Melvin Left Hand, Clifford Whiteman, and Calvin Jefferson at giveaway following sun dance near Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/66
318(VI)323: Robert Yellowtail (L) and Tom Yellowtail (R) at sun dance giveaway
Brien note - Robert Yellow Tail (Summer) and Tom Yellow Tail (Medicine Rock Chief) at sundance Give Away. Lodge Grass, June 1978.
1987
24/67
318(VI)324: Heather and Fredrica Lefthand
1987
24/68
318(VI)325: Heather, Frederick, and Fredrica Lefthand
1987
24/69
318(VI)326: Fredrica at age 16, junior in high school
undated
24/70
318(VI)327: Fredrica Lefthand being crowned 1991-1992 Montana State University PowWow Princess
1991
24/71
318(VI)328: Tshirgi cattle driven down through Frederick's place
1986
24/72
38(VI)329: Feast for clan uncle by Agnes, wife of Anthony Lefthand
1987
24/73
318(VI)330: Feast for clan uncle by Agnes, wife of Anthony Lefthand
1987
24/74
318(VI)331: Crowd at feast for clan uncle by Agnes, wife of Anthony Lefthand
1987
24/75
318(VI)332: Returning to clan uncle feast after putting out fire set by young boys with firecreackers, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/76
318(VI)333: Unidentified group eating, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/77
318(VI)334: Grandchildren of Annie Bear Below
Brien note - Grandchildren of Annie Bear Below?
undated
24/78
318(VI)335: Modern Crow cradleboard, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/79
318(VI)336: Waiting for a turn at the giveaway, Frederick and Ira Lefthand in the middle
1987
24/80
318(VI)337: Frederick seated with a picture of his father above
Brien note - Frederick Left Hand with a picture of his Father (Pete Lefthand) above, 1987.
1987
24/81
318(VI)338: Dexter Falls, Down and his wife
Brien note - Dexter Falls Down and Magdaline Little Nest, 1986
1986
24/82
318(VI)339: Dexter Falls Down Family, Crow
1986
24/83
318(VI)340: Anthony, Agnes, and family at the district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/84
318(VI)341: District championship arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - District Championship Arrow Throwing. Lodge Grass Montana, June 1987
1987
24/85
318(VI)342: Action at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/86
318(VI)343: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/87
318(VI)344: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/88
318(VI)345: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/89
318(VI)346: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/90
318(VI)347: View of arrows thrown at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/91
318(VI)348: View of arrows thrown at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/92
318(VI)349: Boy holding arrows at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Looks like Dean Don’t Mix.
1987
24/93
318(VI)350: Frederick Lefthand and Ralph Good Luck with drumstick
Brien note - Ralph Good Luck (Duuptakaish Chiwaakuush, High Bald Eagle) and Fredrick Left Hand (Seizes the Living Bison Bull). June 1987
1987
24/94
318(VI)351: A future arrow thrower at junior arrow throw competition, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/95
318(VI)352: Spectators at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/96
318(VI)353: Group photo at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Lodge Grass District champion arrow throwing. June 1987
1987
24/97
318(VI)354: District team tents at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/98
318(VI)355: Setting up goal for district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/99
318(VI)356: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/100
318(VI)357: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/101
318(VI)358: Contestants getting ready at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/102
318(VI)359: District arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/103
318(VI)360: Pryor district tent at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/104
318(VI)361: Frederick Lefthand at district arrow throw
Brien note - Frederick Left Hand (Seizes the Living Bison Bull), Arrow Throwing tourney. 1987. Lodge Grass, Montana.
1987
24/105
318(VI)362: Judge's stand at district arrow throw, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/106
318(VI)363: Seeing who won at district arrow toss, Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - This last throw was to see who won the District arrow throwing. June 1987
1987
24/107
318(VI)364: Cottonwood trees along Little Big Horn near Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
24/108
318(VI)365: Location where peyotists get sand for altar, north of Lodge Grass, Montana
Brien note - Puuxkalachiliá Alasáthe (Sand Creek). Some peyote church members come here to get sand for their alters. North of Lodge Grass, Montana.
1987
24/109
318(VI)366: Jim Old Crow and others at Lodge Grass camp
undated
24/110
318(VI)367: Catholic Church, Lodge Grass, Montana
undated
24/111
318(VI)368: Church of Latter Day Saints
undated
25/1
318(VI)369: Catholic Church
Brien note - Our Lady of Laratto Catholic Church, Lodge Grass, Montana.
undated
25/2
318(VI)370: Sign advertising sun dance
1987
25/3
318(VI)371: View of sun dance camp at Pryor, Montana
1986
25/4
318(VI)372: Sun dance at Pryor, Montana
1986
25/5
318(VI)373: Frederick Lefthand at sun dance, Pryor, Montana
Brien note - Fredrick Lefthand (Seizes the Living Bison Bull) at Pryor sundance. Pryor Montana. July 1986.
1986
25/6
318(VI)374: Ira Lefthand at sign advertising Sioux "cutting" sun dance
Brien note - Ira Lefthand's Crow name was" Chief Lazy." This name his dad Pete purchased from Dick Day Light.
1987
25/7
Some negative strips from sun dance giveaway and district arrow throw
1987
25/8
Negatives from district arrow throw photos, Lodge Grass, Montana
1987
25/9
318(VI)375: Robert Yellowtail in traditional dress
Brien note - Robert YellowTail (Biawakshash, summer)
undated
25/10
318(VI)376: Yellowtail Dam, Montana
1987-07-18
25/11
318(VI)377: Landscape with low hills in background
1940
25/12
318(VI)378: Teepee in far background
1940
25/13
318(VI)379: IXL Ranch, Tongue River Canyon, WY
1940
25/14
318(VI)380: Unknown landscape
1940
25/15
318(VI)381: Unknown landscape
Brien note - Baahupuuo, shoot the rock. Commonly known as Castle rocks, 1940. These rocks are known to be the home of the "Little People." The story of the "Lost Boy and the Little People" explains this.
1940
25/16
318(VI)382: Line of people and cars in distant background
undated
25/17
318(VI)383: Line of people and cars in distant background
undated
25/18
318(VI)384: Unknown landscape featuring a lake
undated
25/19
318(VI)385: Unknown landscape
1940
25/20
318(VI)386: Look-out type view of unknown landscape
undated
25/21
318(VI)387: View of down slope
1940
25/22
318(VI)388: Cottonwood trees
Brien note - Two non Indian children in grove of cottonwood trees.
1940
25/23
318(VI)389: View of semi-forested slopes
1940
25/24
318(VI)390: View of small hills above pasture
Brien note - View of the Castle rocks. Pryor, Montana.
1940
25/25
318(VI)391: Cottonwood trees
1940
25/26
318(VI)392: Cottonwood treetops
1940
25/27
318(VI)393: Distant view of vehicle on dirt road
1940
25/28
318(VI)394: Cattle in rough pasture with mountains in background
Brien note - Horse on rough pasture. Looks like the southern side of the Pryor Mountains.
1940
25/29
318(VI)395: Unknown landscape
1940
25/30
318(VI)396: Unknown landscape with sagebrush
1940
25/31
318(VI)397: Road through small trees and brush
1940
25/32
318(VI)398: Landscape
1940
25/33
318(VI)399: Landscape
1940
25/34
318(VI)400: Horse and barns
undated
25/35
318(VI)401: House among trees
undated
25/36
318(VI)402: Rock canyon
undated
25/37
318(VI)403: Possible old fire pit
1940
25/38
318(VI)404: Possible old fire pit
1940
25/39
318(VI)405: Six unknown people at table
undated
25/40
318(VI)406: Man, woman, and children
1940
25/41
318(VI)407: Lodge Grass grade school staff (includes Fred Voget)
1940-1941
25/42
318(VI)408: Unidentified man and woman, Boulder, Montana
1942
25/43
318(VI)409: Man standing by remnants of teepee ring
undated
25/44
318(VI)410: Man sitting by pile of stones
undated
25/45
318(VI)411: Man standing on pile of stones
undated
25/46
318(VI)412: Man in distance
undated
25/47
318(VI)413: Bowl
undated
25/48
318(VI)414: Top view of bowl
undated
25/49
318(VI)415: Bowl
undated
25/50
318(VI)416: Bone and bead display
undated
25/51
318(VI)417: Arrowheads
undated
25/52
318(VI)418: Arrowheads
undated
25/53
318(VI)419: Arrowheads
undated
25/54
318(VI)420: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/55
318(VI)421: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/56
318(VI)422: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/57
318(VI)423: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/58
318(VI)424: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/59
318(VI)425: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/60
318(VI)426: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/61
318(VI)427: Arrow or spear heads
undated
25/62
318(VI)428: Grinding stone
undated
25/63
318(VI)429: Ax heads
undated
25/64
318(VI)430: Ax heads
undated
25/65
318(VI)431: Ax head
undated
25/66
318(VI)432: Stone artifacts
undated
25/67
318(VI)433: Stone artifacts
undated
25/68
318(VI)434: Saddle
undated
25/69
318(VI)435: Saddle
Brien note - Indian Saddle from top view.
undated
25/70
318(VI)436: Stones with carved dates and locations
undated
25/71
318(VI)437: Bowl and possible jewelry
undated
25/72
318(VI)438: Beaded tomahawk pendant
undated
25/73
318(VI)439: Beaded tomahawk pendant
undated
25/74
318(VI)440: Decorated and woven hide
Brien note - Painted raw parflech.
undated
25/75
318(VI)441: Constructing sun dance lodge
Brien note - Inside view of sundance lodge. From what I see it looks like the last major event to happen in the sundance. When a dancer ask someone to come in the lodge and pray from them just before everyone walks out together.
undated
25/76
318(VI)442: People outside of sun dance lodge
undated
25/77
318(VI)443: Horse in foreground, crowd gathered for sun dance
undated
25/78
318(VI)444: Seated and walking groups
undated
25/79
318(VI)445: Children observing adult conversations
Brien note - Give Away Ceremony, childern in the foreground.
undated
25/80
318(VI)446: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men praying at the Center Pole.
undated
25/81
318(VI)447: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men praying at the Center Pole.
undated
25/82
318(VI)448: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men dancing in lodge.
undated
25/83
318(VI)449: Two men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Old woman being doctored at the center pole.
undated
25/84
318(VI)450: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men praying at the center pole. It is common for sundancers to pray while standing at the center pole. They pray to the creator for strength and also the for the reason they have decided to dance in the lodge.
undated
25/85
318(VI)451: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men dancing in the lodge.
undated
25/86
318(VI)452: Full view of center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men focused on the Center Pole while dancing. Many sundancers among the Apsaalooke are told "the Center Pole is everything you want in life, stay focused and always push through and you'll get it."
undated
25/87
318(VI)453: Men looking up at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Men focused on the Center Pole while dancing.
undated
25/88
318(VI)454: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
undated
25/89
318(VI)455: Men at center pole in sun dance lodge
Brien note - Dancing to the pole.
undated
26/1
318(VI)456: Caughnawaga men, mostly steelworkers home for the weekend
undated
26/2
318(VI)457: Two men standing outside of Chief Poking Fire Indian Museum, Caughnawaga, Quebec, Ontaria
1950
26/3
318(VI)458: Chief Poking Fire compound, Caughnawaga, Quebec, Ontario
1950
26/4
318(VI)459: Chief Poking Fire Museum, Caughnawaga, Quebec, Ontario
1950
26/5
318(VI)460: Entrance of Chief Poking Fire Museum, Caughnawaga, Quebec, Ontario
undated
26/6
318(VI)461: Two-story house, Six Nations
undated
26/7
318(VI)462: Min Jamieson with Chow dogs, Six Nations
undated
26/8
318(VI)463: Min Jamieson in Indian dress
ca. 1963
26/9
318(VI)464: George Jamieson, Barbara, and Dave Moses, Six Nations
undated
26/10
318(VI)465: Jo Martin, his wife Maggie, and nephew at Caughnawaga home
1967
26/11
318(VI)466: Jo Martin in front of Caughnawaga long home
undated
26/12
318(VI)467: Mohawk school, Six Nations, Oshweken, Ontario
undated
26/13
318(VI)468: Crypt of Joseph Brant near Brantford, Ontario
undated
26/14
318(VI)469: Grandchildren of Chief Deskahe
ca. 1963
26/15
318(VI)470: Children of Dave and Barbara Moses, Six Nations
ca. 1962
26/16
318(VI)471: Church where 1703 Queen Anne's plate is held, Six Nations, near Brandford, Ontario
ca. 1962
26/17
318(VI)472: Church where 1703 Queen Anne's plate is held, Six Nations, near Brandford, Ontario
ca. 1962
26/18
318(VI)473: Old barn and wagon, Six Nations, Oshweken, Ontario
undated
26/19
318(VI)474: Nellie Scott, Arapahoe, with two dogs
undated
26/20
318(VI)475: Elk trained by Nellie Scott, Arapahoe
undated
26/21
318(VI)476: Nellie Scott, Arapahoe, in traditional dress
1948
26/22
318(VI)477: Nellie Scott (L) in traditional dress standing with unidentified woman
undated
26/23
318(VI)478: Hungerian Imre Nag in Cheyenne Indian attire with son, David, 6 years old
1987
26/24
318(VI)479: Group of Hungerian Plains Indians, Imre Nag (center) conducting marriage ceremony
1983
26/25
318(VI)480: Photo of war lodge drawing
Brien note - Photo of a War lodge (Ashdaache) drawing. In the Apsaalooke langauge the word Ashdaache means "the lodge that leans."
undated
26/26
318(VI)481: Photo of picture of defensive rifle pit
undated
26/27
318(VI)482: Unidentified crowd of people in front of church
ca. 1950s
26/28
318(VI)483: Custer, two other white hunters, and Indian with grizzly bear carcass
Brien note - Bloody Knife, General Custer and William Ludlow (far right) kill grizzly bear. Black Hills, 1874.
ca. 1870s
26/29
318(VI)484: White Arm's camp at Sheridan, Colorado Historical Society photo
Brien note - Apsaalooke Camp. This looks like a postcard of an early crow fair.
undated
26/30
318(VI)485: Postcard title "Crow Indian Village"
Brien note - Post card of Ashdaache (War Lodge) October 16, 1941.
undated
26/31
318(VI)486: Postcard of war lodge
undated
26/32
318(VI)487: Postcard of Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill from photo originally taken in 1885
undated
26/33
318(VI)488: Postcard of Medicine Crow from photo originally taken in 1880
Brien note - Medicine Crow (Paalatchiwaaxpaash or Sacred Raven.) War leader and Chief of the Kicked in the Belly Band of Apsaalooke.
undated
26/34
318(VI)489: Postcard of Swallow Bird, an Apsaroke Crow, from photo originally taken in 1908
undated
26/35
318(VI)490: Postcard of Crowchild, Shiptella, from photo originally taken in 1900
undated
26/36
318(VI)491: Postcard titled "How Custer Fell"
Brien note - White Man Runs Him, Hairy Moccasin, Curly and Goes Ahead. Apsaalooke Scouts stand near the place of Custer's death. 1913
undated
26/37
318(VI)492: Postcard of Sitting Bull from photo originally taken in 1864
undated
26/38
318(VI)493: Card of "Lone Tree," an Apsaroke Crow from photo originally taken in 1908
Brien note - Post Card of "Long Tree," an Apsaalooke man.
undated
26/39
318(VI)494: Postcard of Edward Sheriff Curtis from photo taken in 1899
undated
26/40
318(VI)495: Postcard of Native American woman
undated
26/41
318(VI)496: Postcard titled "The Circle"
undated
26/42
318(VI)497: Postcard titled "Kilauea by Day"
undated
26/43
318(VI)498: Postcard titled "Respect for Elders"
undated
26/44
318(VI)499: Postcard of wagon train on rocky moutain road
undated
26/45
318(VI)500: Postcard of Crow Indians posed in traditional dress
undated
26/46
318(VI)501: Postcard of Crow Indian wearing traditional dress, mounted on horse
undated
26/47
318(VI)502: Postcard of teepee
undated
26/48
318(VI)503: Cartoon-style postcard titled "Out Where the West Remains"
undated
26/49
318(VI)504: Postcard of bison, brown and white
undated
26/50
318(VI)505: Postcard titled "Southern Peaks of Presidential Range from Mt. Washington
undated
26/51
318(VI)506: Postcard of "Crow Indians Firing into the Agency" by Frederic Remington
undated
26/52
318(VI)507: Postcard of "Geronimo and his Band Returning from a Raid in Mexico," by Frederic Remington
undated
26/53
318(VI)508: Postcard of "Suspicious Guests" drawn by Henry F. Farny
undated
26/54
318(VI)509: Postcard of Crow Fair
1989
26/55
318(VI)510: German postcard of possible native head dress
undated
26/56
318(VI)511: German postcard of brightly colored native artifact
undated
26/57
318(VI)512: Postcard of two present day soldiers' bronze statues
undated
26/58
318(VI)513: Crow butchering buffalo, negative only
ca. 1970s
26/59
318(VI)514: Two unidentified boys on horseback
undated
26/60
318(VI)515: Bobby Bends and Joe Medicine Crow unloading a truck
undated
26/61
318(VI)516: Lizzie Yellowtail and others sitting outside
undated
26/62
318(VI)517: Women and children sitting outside
undated
26/63
318(VI)518: Man and four children outside by fence
undated
26/64
318(VI)519: Man leaning on fence
undated
26/65
318(VI)520: House or cabin with clothesline in foreground
undated
26/66
318(VI)521: Donnie Deernose, Agnes Yellowtail, and their adopted son, Duane Bends
circa 1950s
26/67
318(VI)522: Lodgegrass, Montana street with Baptist Church in background
undated
26/68
318(VI)523: View of mountain peaks with snow
undated
26/69
318(VI)524: View of building
undated
26/70
318(VI)525: View of house in trees with car passing
undated
26/71
318(VI)526: View of building
undated
26/72
318(VI)527: View of urban house in trees
undated
26/73
318(VI)528: View of building
undated
26/74
318(VI)529: Man and woman seated on sofa
undated
26/75
318(VI)530: Cedric Walks Over Ice and boy standing outside
undated
26/76
318(VI)531: Man seated in armchair
undated
26/77
318(VI)532: View of church
undated
26/78
318(VI)533: Religious painting with priest on left
undated
26/79
318(VI)534: Man in shadow, house in background
undated
26/80
318(VI)535: Man in shadow, house in background
undated
26/81
318(VI)536: Man in shadow, house in background
undated
26/82
318(VI)537: Chokecherries drying
undated
26/83
318(VI)538: Unloading buffalo from stock trucks
circa 1973
26/84
318(VI)539: Kitchen crew in buffalo pasture
circa 1973
26/85
318(VI)540: People by tents
undated
26/86
318(VI)541: Vehicles in deep shadow
undated
26/87
318(VI)542: Marshall, Melvin, Frederick, and Anthony Left Hand standing by truck with Everett Whiteman
undated
26/88
318(VI)543: View of houses from hill
undated
26/89
318(VI)544: View of houses from hill
undated
26/90
318(VI)545: Distant view of man herding small number of cattle
undated
26/91
318(VI)546: Black Canyon Youth Camp
undated
26/92
318(VI)547: Black Canyon Youth Camp
undated
26/93
318(VI)548: Black Canyon Youth Camp
undated
26/94
318(VI)549: Peter Plenty Hawk standing by truck
undated
26/95
318(VI)550: Clothesline with unidentified objects in front of house
undated
26/96
318(VI)551: Partially constructed sun dance lodge
undated
26/97
318(VI)552: Tarp/covered pile in fenced enclosure
undated
26/98
318(VI)553: Lodge Grass High School
undated
26/99
318(VI)554: Older man and woman, both with braids, in front of house
undated
26/100
318(VI)555: Older man and woman, both with braids, in front of house
undated
26/101
318(VI)556: Older man with braids, seated
undated
26/102
318(VI)557: Overexposed photo of man and woman in front of house
undated
26/103
318(VI)558: Two men seated on bench
undated
26/104
318(VI)559: Woman typing
undated
26/105
318(VI)560: Woman typing
undated
26/106
318(VI)561: Blackfeet tribal office
undated
26/107
318(VI)562: Blackfeet tribal office
undated
26/108
318(VI)563: Cabin with trees in background
undated
26/109
318(VI)564: Distant view of house
undated
26/110
318(VI)565: View of building
undated
26/111
318(VI)566: View of downtown street
undated
26/112
318(VI)567: View of dirt road with houses
undated
26/113
318(VI)568: View of building
undated
26/114
318(VI)569: View of street
undated
26/115
318(VI)570: Man standing in front of doorway
undated
26/116
318(VI)571: Man and woman in front of tent and car
undated
26/117
318(VI)572: Three small children in front of house
undated
26/118
318(VI)573: Man on tractor
undated
26/119
318(VI)574: Man and woman on dirt path
undated
26/120
318(VI)575: Man on dirt path
undated
26/121
318(VI)576: Woman on dirt path
undated
26/122
318(VI)577: View of small houses
undated
26/123
318(VI)578: Man standing near stone monument
undated
26/124
318(VI)579: Station wagon in front of house
undated
26/125
318(VI)580: Small house
undated
26/126
318(VI)581: View of distant houses
undated
26/127
318(VI)582: View of distant houses
undated
26/128
318(VI)583: View of building with some snow
undated
26/129
318(VI)584: Woman leaving downtown building
undated
26/130
318(VI)585: Four children in front of houses
undated
26/131
318(VI)586: View of downtown street
undated
26/132
318(VI)587: Man in front of museum-type wall display
undated
26/133
318(VI)588: Man in front of museum-type wall display
undated
26/134
318(VI)589: Seated man taking notes
undated
26/135
318(VI)590: Seated man taking notes
undated
26/136
318(VI)591: Man at record player
undated
26/137
318(VI)592: Man at record player
undated
26/138
318(VI)593: Logs in front of shed
undated
26/139
318(VI)594: Logs by shed
undated
26/140
318(VI)595: Man on tractor
undated
26/141
318(VI)596: Man on tractor
undated
26/142
318(VI)597: Boys seated by pulley or winch
undated
26/143
318(VI)598: Pile of scrap lumber
undated
26/144
318(VI)599: Man posed by building
undated
26/145
318(VI)600: View of cabin at Pryor, Montana
undated
26/146
318(VI)601: William Big Day and his wife by house by house in Pryor, Montana
undated
26/147
318(VI)602: Teepee frame at Pryor, Montana
undated
26/148
318(VI)603: Man in front of stone monument
undated
26/149
318(VI)604: Cattle in pasture
undated
26/150
318(VI)605: Little Big Horn Battlefield, Montana
undated
26/151
318(VI)606: Little Big Horn Battlefield, Montana
undated
26/152
318(VI)607: Three children
undated
26/153
318(VI)608: Bends family
undated
26/154
318(VI)609: Man with three children
undated
26/155
318(VI)610: Adlow Harris and children
undated
26/156
318(VI)611: Joe Medicine Crow
undated
26/157
318(VI)612: John Whiteman and Amy with the Fritzler brothers in front of house
undated
26/158
318(VI)613: Small boy
undated
26/159
318(VI)614: Three children
undated
26/160
318(VI)615: Man seated on sofa
undated
26/161
318(VI)616: Priest standing by small boy
undated
26/162
318(VI)617: Adlow Harris with baby and two children
undated
26/163
318(VI)618: Woman on swing set
undated
26/164
318(VI)619: Seated man
undated
26/165
318(VI)620: Five unidentified adults
undated
26/166
318(VI)621: Man and woman in traditional Native American attire
undated
26/167
318(VI)622: Children in truck
undated
26/168
318(VI)623: House and shed
undated
26/169
318(VI)624: Row of houses
undated
26/170
318(VI)625: Church
undated
26/171
318(VI)626: Building
undated
26/172
318(VI)627: Residential street
undated
26/173
318(VI)628: Trees
undated
26/174
318(VI)629: Parade float
ca. 1950s
26/175
318(VI)630: House and barn in the distance
undated
26/176
318(VI)631: Houses in the distance
undated
26/177
318(VI)632: Houses
undated
26/178
318(VI)633: Joe Blaine, Matthew Good Luck, Steve Bird, Herbert Blanc, and Josephine Gets Down drumming
undated
26/179
318(VI)634: Man with child in stroller
undated
26/180
318(VI)635: Man holding child
undated
26/181
318(VI)636: Boy and toddler
undated
26/182
318(VI)637: Man and boy
undated
26/183
318(VI)638: Four children
undated
26/184
318(VI)639: Five children
undated
26/185
318(VI)640: Two men in shadow, seated in front of blackboard
undated
26/186
318(VI)641: Audience in shadow
undated
26/187
318(VI)642: Three people seated at desk
undated
26/188
318(VI)643: Three people seated at desk
undated
26/189
318(VI)644: Audience
undated
26/190
318(VI)645: House
undated
26/191
318(VI)646: House
undated
26/192
318(VI)647: Men standing outside of building
undated
26/193
318(VI)648: Large white house
undated
26/194
318(VI)649: Small yellow house
undated
26/195
318(VI)650: Arrow throw competition
undated
26/196
318(VI)651: Arrow throw competition
undated
26/197
318(VI)652: Five adults posed in front of store
undated
26/198
318(VI)653: Two people on horseback visiting with two other people
undated
26/199
318(VI)654: Clara Bends, Agnes Yellowtail, Ferale Pease, Bill Pease, and three children posed in front of Crow Indian Baptist Mission
undated
26/200
318(VI)655: White house with fence
undated
26/201
318(VI)656: Two people on horseback visiting with woman and two children
undated
26/202
318(VI)657: Boy
undated
26/203
318(VI)658: Log house
undated
26/204
318(VI)659: Two women seated on bench
undated
26/205
318(VI)670: Distant view of truck, corrals, and shed
undated
26/206
318(VI)671: Two men on horseback and three cars
undated
26/207
318(VI)672: Castle Rocks, Pryor, Montana
undated
26/208
318(VI)673: Castle Rocks, Pryor, Montana
undated
26/209
318(VI)674: Man by loaded truck
undated
26/210
318(VI)675: Tarp covered mound
undated
26/211
318(VI)676: Crow Agency BIA
undated
26/212
318(VI)677: People seated in shadow
undated
26/213
318(VI)678: Teepee and tent
undated
26/214
318(VI)679: Man on porch in shadow
undated
26/215
318(VI)680: Man in front of small house
undated
26/216
318(VI)681: Man in front of porch
undated
26/217
318(VI)682: Man in field by gray house
undated
26/218
318(VI)683: Man in field by gray house
undated
26/219
318(VI)684: Crow sun dance preparatory dance, Tom Yellowtail, medicine man, and Thomas Lion Shows, sponsor
1975
26/220
318(VI)685: Praying and singing over center pole before raising
1975
26/221
318(VI)686: Veteran Joe Blaine marking pole with charcoal
1975
26/222
318(VI)687: Dancer in traditional Crow sun dance attire
undated
26/223
318(VI)688: Marshall and Ira Lefthand
circa 1976
26/224
318(VI)689: Three Crow boys on horses
1975
26/225
318(VI)690: Six Nations band
undated
26/226
318(VI)691: Spear Siding above Lodge Grass, Montana
undated
26/227
318(VI)692: Poles for dance stalls, Crow sun dance
1975
26/228
318(VI)693: People gathered inside sun dance lodge
1975
26/229
318(VI)694: Man in street clothes seated in lodge
1975
26/230
318(VI)695: Overexposed view inside sun dance lodge
1975
26/231
318(VI)696: Joe Alden, Renard Cartet, and others at sunrise service on last day
1975
26/232
318(VI)697: Overexposed view of people inside sun dance lodge
1975
26/233
318(VI)698: Overexposed view of people inside sun dance lodge
1975
26/234
318(VI)699: Overexposed view of people inside sun dance lodge
1975
26/235
318(VI)700: People entering sun dance lodge
1975
26/236
318(VI)701: Sun dancers getting soup and soda pop after dance
1975
26/237
318(VI)702: Sun dancer in front of car
1975
26/238
318(VI)703: Man seated in shadow
1975
26/239
318(VI)704: People outside sun dance lodge
1975
26/240
318(VI)705: People standing and seated by car
undated
26/241
318(VI)706: People outside of sun dance lodge
undated
26/242
318(VI)707: John Truhujostanding in front of tents
undated
26/243
318(VI)708: James Bear Below and Gladys Ann Littleness seated under canopy
undated
26/244
318(VI)709: People around table by white house
undated
26/245
318(VI)710: Janice Old Crow with child in river
undated
26/246
318(VI)711: Three children in Little Big Horn River
undated
26/247
318(VI)712: Child in Little Big Horn River
undated
26/248
318(VI)713: Janice Old Crow rinsing pants in Little Big Horn River
undated
26/249
318(VI)714: Frederick Left Hand and three children in Little Big Horn River
undated
26/250
318(VI)715: Four children in Little Big Horn River
undated
26/251
318(VI)716: One person in Little Big Horn River
undated
26/252
318(VI)717: Boy riding bareback
undated
26/253
318(VI)718: Truck by portable outhouse
undated
26/254
318(VI)719: Boy and horse in front of rickety cabin
undated
26/255
318(VI)720: Two men and two horses, one man shoeing horse
undated
26/256
318(VI)721: Man shoeing horse
undated
26/257
318(VI)722: Crow Fair arena with bucking bull in center
undated
26/258
318(VI)723: Crow Fair arena with racing horses coming in on far side
undated
26/259
318(VI)724: Crow Fair arena with racing horse coming in on far side
undated
26/260
318(VI)725: Crow Fair arena with bucking bull in center
undated
26/261
318(VI)726: Sunset shot with Wolf Mountains in very distant background
undated
26/262
318(VI)727: Sunset shot with Wolf Mountains in very distant background
undated
26/263
318(VI)728: Very distant shot of fire at treetop level
undated
26/264
318(VI)729: Very distant shot of fire at treetop level
undated
26/265
318(VI)730: Yellowrobe, first recipient of Pete Lefthand Award
undated
26/266
318(VI)731: Sunset shot by water
undated
26/267
318(VI)732: Statue of man and horse in Cody, Wyoming
undated
26/268
318(VI)733: Gathering of people in shadows
undated
26/269
318(VI)734: Joe Medicine Crow
undated
26/270
318(VI)735: Man, woman, and boy in foreground
undated
26/271
318(VI)736: Santa Maria
undated