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Heart Mountain War Relocation Center (Wyo.) Collection, 1942-1945

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Heart Mountain War Relocation Center (Wyo.)
Title
Heart Mountain War Relocation Center (Wyo.) Collection
Dates
1942-1945 (inclusive)
Quantity
0.5 linear feet, 1 reel microfilm
Collection Number
Mss106 (collection)
Summary
The Heart Mountain Relocation Center was World War II internment camp for Japanese-Americans in Park County, Wyoming. The collection contains publications and printed items produced at Heart Mountain between 1942 and 1945 and publications and clippings pertaining to the Heart Mountain relocation center and the relocation program but produced by other sources between 1942 and 1944.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Languages
English


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The Heart Mountain Relocation Center, an internment camp for Japanese-Americans during World War II, was set up under the relocation program administered by the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The camp was located 12 miles west of Powell and 13 miles east of Cody in Park County, Wyoming. This location met certain WRA criteria: it was on public land, was large enough to accommodate the expected population, was far from any strategic areas, and could provide internees with local work projects.

The Japanese-Americans interned at Heart Mountain had been relocated from the West Coast, the area affected by President Roosevelt's executive orders for relocation. The first internees arrived in August 1942. By 1943, the population had reached almost 10,800, making the camp the third largest city in Wyoming. Within the camp were schools, a hospital, a library, a volunteer fire department, stores, and industries. Internees produced the Heart Mountain Sentinel and other publications. The last internees left the camp in November 1945.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains publications and printed items produced at Heart Mountain between 1942 and 1945 and publications and clippings pertaining to the Heart Mountain relocation center and the relocation program but produced by other sources between 1942 and 1944.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Heart Mountain War Relocation Center Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Memoranda , 1942-1943Return to Top

1 folder

This series consists of memoranda produced by various administrators of the War Relocation Authority at Heart Mountain. Most of the memoranda deal with school administration; a few deal with other subjects such as community programs and war bond purchases. A WRA Application for Leave Clearance is included here.

Arranged chronologically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Memoranda
1942-1943

Series II:  Heart Mountain Publications , 1942-1943Return to Top

5 folders

Included in this series are: General Information Bulletins, which are community newsletters; Heart Mountain Reports, issued by the Reports Division, which provide camp statistics and progress reports; school and community publications, including newspapers, announcements, programs, and a teachers' handbook; and supplements in English and Japanese to the Heart Mountain Sentinel. Oversize items separated to Box 2.

Arranged chronologically and alphabetically by topic.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/2
General Information Bulletins
1942
1/3
Heart Mountain Reports
1942-1943
1/4
Heart Mountain school and community publications
1942-1943
2/1
Heart Mountain school and community children's newspapers
undated
1/5
Heart Mountain Sentinel
Supplement 1942

Series III:  Heart Mountain Sentinel, 1942-1945Return to Top

one reel microfilm

The series consists of one reel of microfilm containing complete issues of the weekly camp newspaper, the Heart Mountain Sentinel, from November 21, 1942, to July 14, 1945. Not every weekly issue is present. Some Japanese editions are included.

Arranged chronologically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Reel
1
Heart Mountain Sentinel
1942-1945

Series IV:  Publications from WRA and Other Government Agencies , 1942-1943Return to Top

3 folders

This series consists of items pertaining to the Heart Mountain relocation center and the relocation program in general, produced by the War Relocation Authority, the Smithsonian Institution, and the U.S. Senate. Included here is a 32-page WRA bibliography of newspaper and magazine articles, pamphlets, books, manuscripts, WRA documents, and other bibliographies relating to the WRA, the Japanese, and Japanese-Americans. Also included is a copy of the form, "Statement of United States Citizen of Japanese Ancestry," which adult males were required to fill out.

Arranged chronologically and alphabetically by topic.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/6
WRA Bibliography
1942-1943
1/7
WRA documents and reports
1942-1943
1/8
Other government documents
1943

Series V:  Clippings , 1942-1944Return to Top

3 folders

The series consists of newspaper and magazine clippings about the Heart Mountain relocation center, the relocation program in general, and attitudes toward the Japanese. Included in both the dated and undated folders are columns written by internee Bill Hosokawa for the Cody Enterprise. Hosokawa, the editor of the Heart Mountain Sentinel, continued his journalism career after he left the camp; he also wrote Nisei: The Quiet Americans, published in 1969 by William Morrow and Co. A few clippings are incomplete. The source of the clippings is not always shown. Oversize clippings separated to Box 2.

Arranged chronologically, with one folder of undated items.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/9
Newspaper clippings
1942-1943
1/10
Newspaper clippings
undated
2/2
Life magazine clippings
1942-1944 and undated