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Standard Oil Company of New Jersey records, 1874-1979
- Standard Oil Company of New Jersey
- Standard Oil Company of New Jersey records
- 1874-1979 (inclusive)18741979
- 46.45 cubic feet (91 boxes)
- Collection Number
American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
University of Wyoming
1000 E. University Ave.
- Access Restrictions
There are no access restrictions on the materials for research purposes, and the collection is open to the public.
- Additional Reference Guides
Partial finding aid available in repository.
Historical NoteReturn to Top
Standard Oil Company of New Jersey was an oil company and holding company during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Standard Oil Company of New Jersey was originally formed in 1882 as a refining and marketing arm of the Standard Oil Trust. When the Standard Oil Trust was broken up under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1892, the trust was reorganized as Standard Oil Interests. Taking advantage of New Jersey laws that allowed corporations to own stock in other corporations, Standard Oil Company of New Jersey became a holding company that effectively replaced the Standard Oil Trust. In this capacity, it provided administrative coordination to Standard Oil Interests and held stock in forty-one other oil companies. In 1911, Standard Oil Company of New Jersey was split off from its subsidiaries by order of the U.S. Supreme Court under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Between 1911 and 1973, the company operated as an international oil company in its own right, producing and marketing petroleum products under a number of brands, including Esso, Enco, and Humble. It also controlled a number of other oil companies, including Humble Oil and Refining Company, Carter Oil Company, Imperial Oil Limited, and Standard of Louisiana. In 1973, Standard Oil of New Jersey changed its corporate name to Exxon to provide uniform branding of its products.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
Collection contains Standard Oil Company of New Jersey's corporate records from its inception in 1882 as part of the Standard Oil Trust to its assumption of the Exxon name in 1973. It contains business records concerning the operations of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey and its subsidiaries (including Carter Oil Company and Imperial Oil Limited) throughout the United States and the world, which consist of business correspondence, clippings, financial files, legal files, photographs, notes, newspapers, printed materials, and stock certificate ledgers. Collection also contains large amounts of secondary materials, including publications (some published by Standard Oil Company of New Jersey), journals, books, government documents, and bound papers from Standard Oil Company of New Jersey's corporate libraries. A 1909 scrapbook concerning the prosecution of Standard Oil Company of New Jersey under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act is in this collection as well.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.
Item Description, Box Number, Folder Number, Collection Name, Collection Number, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
There are two other known Standard Oil Company of New Jersey Collections preserved at the University of Texas-Austin's Center for American History and the Kentucky Department of Library and Archives.
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Petroleum -- Marketing.
- Petroleum -- Prospecting.
- Petroleum -- Refining.
- Petroleum industry and trade -- United States.
- Petroleum products.
- Carter Oil Company.
- Standard Oil Trust.
Form or Genre Terms
- Exxon Corporation.
- Standard Oil Company.