Leo A. Rhein, Jr. and Claire Rhein Collection, 1860-circa 1990  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Rhein, Leo A. Jr., 1919-2017; Rhein, Claire, 1922-2001
Title
Leo A. Rhein, Jr. and Claire Rhein Collection
Dates
1860-circa 1990
Quantity
0.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 480 (collection)
Summary
Leo and Claire Rhein were residents of Stevensville, Montana, and retired from the U. S. military. The collection contains a ration book from World War II and military photographs, especially from the U.S. Signal Corps, 1864 to 1959. It also contains Claire Rhein's research files on Fort Owen and Major John Owen.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Leo A. Rhein, Jr. was born in Helena, Montana, on July 29, 1919. He spent all but three of his early years in Wolf Creek, Montana, and attended high school in Big Fork and Helena, Montana. He graduated from Helena in 1938. He continued his education at the University of Wisconsin from 1945 to 1947 and at the University of Montana from 1947 to 1950, graduating with a B.S. in Forestry.

In 1935, Rhein enlisted in the Montana National Guard, and he was called to active duty with the 41st Infantry Division in 1940. From 1942 to 1945, he served in the Pacific Theatre during which he attended the Officer Candidates School. He graduated with the rank of 2nd lieutenant in 1943. He was separated from active duty in 1945, but was later recalled to active duty in 1951. During his military career, Rhein was stationed at posts around the United States, Europe, and the Caribbean. He retired from the U.S. Army with the rank LTC with the Corps of Engineers in 1968. Upon Rhein's retirement from the military, he worked for the Bureau of Land Management between 1968 and 1978. After his retirement from the BLM, he traveled around the United States and Canada.

Rhein was married to his wife, Claire, for 54 years. She was born in Dagsboro, DE., on Aug. 19, 1922, the daughter of Nelson and Viola Kassay. Claire served in the U.S. Navy during World War II in Washington, D.C., as yeoman first-class in Adm. Hyman G. Rickover's office, until honorably discharged in 1945. Claire then attended the University of Wisconsin in Madison, where she met and married Leo. She moved to his home state of Montana, where she attended the University of Montana in 1947. She was an Army wife from 1951 to 1968, living in Europe and the Caribbean, as well as numerous Army posts across the United States. They returned to Montana in 1967.

For years she was an active member of the Stevensville Historical Society and one of the authors of "Montana Genesis," published in 1971. She had a fascination for local and state history, as well as a great affection for and involvement in Fort Owen, located in Stevensville. In September of 1986, she was presented with the Montana Historical Society Trustees' Award for Contributions to Montana History. Beginning in 1974, the Rheins donated over 20 years of volunteer service to the K. Ross Toole Archives. Claire was the founder of the oral history program at the Mansfield Library and was active with the Stevensville Historical Society and the Historical Museum at Fort Missoula.

The Rheins had nine children. Claire Rhein died on February 14, 2001, and Leo Rhein died on January 6, 2017.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains a ration book from World War II and military photographs, especially from the U.S. Signal Corps, 1864 to 1959. There are photographs of Apache Indians from around the 1880s, executions in Saudi Arabia, ca. 1960, and the University of Montana, ca. 1990. It also contains Claire Rhein's research files on Fort Owen and Major John Owen.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Leo A. Rhein, Jr. and Claire Rhein Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Arrangement

The collection is divided into three series:

Series I: Documents, 1 folder, circa 1945

Series II: Photographs, 0.5 linear feet, 1864-circa 1990

Series III: Research Files, 1 folder, 1860-1982

Custodial History

All materials were collected by Leo and Claire Rhein from numerous undocumented sources and remained with the Rhein family until donation.

Acquisition Information

Gifts of Leo Rhein, Jr., 1980 and another unknown date, and Diana Rhein, 2001.

Processing Note

The actions of the original processors are unknown. In 2002, the collection was reprocessed. A previously processed small collection, SC 360, was combined with unprocessed photographs to create the present manuscript collection. At some point, a VHS tape of Claire Rhein's memorial service was removed from this collection and added to the Friends of the Maureen and Mike Library records (Mss 813). In 2019, Claire Rhein's research files on Fort Owen were added to the collection.


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Documents, circa 1945Return to Top

1 folder

The series contains a War Ration Book that belonged to Leo Rhein, Jr. while he was at the County Hospital in Helena, Montana.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Leo A. Rhein, Jr., War Ration Book
circa 1945

Series II:  Photographs , 1864-circa 1990Return to Top

0.5 linear feet

The series contains photographs collected by the Rheins, many of which are official U.S. Army photographs. The U.S. Signal Corps is significantly represented in the series, including photographs of officers, signal towers, balloons, and other military equipment. There are a number of photographs from the 41st Infantry in Fort Lewis, Washington, circa 1940-1941, including images of military equipment testing, soldiers training, and an aerial view of the compound. The collection also contains military photographs from Europe and the Philippines during WWI, WWII, and the Korean Conflict, 1951. A smaller part of the series contains photographs of executions in Saudi Arabia, circa 1960, Apache Indians, circa 1880s, and the University of Montana campus, circa 1990s.

Materials are arranged chronologically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
480(II)1: Native Americans on horseback at watering hole (painting)
undated
1/2
480(II)2: Man being thrown from horse, stampede in background (painting)
undated
1/3
480(II)3: Apache Indian Scouts, with two prisoners who were hanged at Globe, AZ
undated
1/4
480(II)4: Chatto, Mescalero Apache, Cochise tribe
1886
1/5
480(II)5: Geronomino, chief of the Arizona Apaches
undated
1/6
480(II)6: Apache woman whose nose has been cut off, "this is the Apache penalty"
undated
1/7
480(II)7: Sanchez, who probably fired the first shot against troops at Cibicu
undated
1/8
480(II)8: "Tzoe," a valuable Indian scout with Gen. Crook's command in the eighteen-eighties
undated
1/9
480(II)9: Kay-ten-ae, leader of the Warm Springs and Chiricahua Apaches
1886
1/10
480(II)10: Mangas, son of the great Mangas Colorados
undated
1/11
480(II)11: Brigadier General Albert J. Meyer, Chief Signal Officer
undated
1/12
480(II)12: Former Chief Signal Officers, U.S. Army, portraits
ca. 1860-1959
1/13
480(II)13: Major General R.T. Nelson, Chief Signal Officer
January 27, 1959
1/14
480(II)14: Taking meterological observations at Ft. Monmouth, NJ
undated
1/15
480(II)15: Signal Corps Officers at camp
undated
1/16
480(II)16: Elk Military Signal Station
undated
1/17
480(II)17: Signal Tower, Jacksonville, FL, Civil War
December 12, 1864
1/18
480(II)18: Observation Balloon, Signal Corps, U.S. Army
undated
1/19
480(II)19: U.S. Signal Station and Weather Bureau on Pike's Peak
undated
1/20
480(II)20: Captain William Mitchell in Alaska
undated
1/21
480(II)21: U.S. Signal Station, Point Barrow, AL
ca. 1881-1883
1/22
480(II)22: Signaling for reserves to advance after retreat of the Spanish, Manila, Ft. Malate
August 13, 1886
1/23
480(II)23: Signal Corps Battery wagons
1898
1/24
480(II)24: Cable work on the Malecon Drive, Manila, P.I.
1902
1/25
480(II)25: U.S. Army Dirigible #1, Ft. Meyer, VA
1908
1/26
480(II)26: Signal Corps balloon ascension at Gas House Field, SE, Washington, D.C.
April 17, 1908
1/74
480(II)74: Wolf Creek, 6 photos of Rhein family
1913-1916
1/27
480(II)27: Installing telephones in Prince Murat's mansion, Paris, France, President Wilson's "White House" overseas
December 12, 1918
1/28
480(II)28: Soldier using switchboard, Argonne Woods
October 2, 1918
1/29
480(II)29: Signal Corps wiring detail tying in pole line, Tartigny, France
June 10, 1918
1/30
480(II)30: Putting messages on pigeons, Headquarters, 42nd Division, St. Pol, France
May 13, 1918
1/31
480(II)31: Paphan panel system of visual aeroplane signaling in use by soldiers, Benuval, France
July 30, 1918
1/32
480(II)32: Private E.B. Schoedaack with camouflaged camera, photographing among ruins, Mareuilen, Dole, France
August 25, 1918
1/33
480(II)33: Sergeant using a Lucas Lamp, Pretz on Argonne, France
October 22, 1918
1/34
480(II)34: "Captured German war pigeons," victory parade, New York, NY
May 1919
1/75
480(II)75: Wolf Creek, 1 photo and one newsclipping
1922-1953
1/35
480(II)35: Element of 41st Infantry Division, Ft. Lewis, WA
1941
1/36
480(II)36: 41st Infantry Division, "Passing in Review," Ft. Lewis, WA
1941
1/37
480(II)37: 41st Infantry Division, "10,000 Men," Ft. Lewis, WA
1941
1/38
480(II)38: 41st Infantry Division, Washington
1941
1/39
480(II)39: Machine gunner, Air Corps, U.S. Army
ca. 1940-1941
1/40
480(II)40: "Night Firing"
ca. 1940-1941
1/41
480(II)41: Soldiers and 81 mm mortars
ca. 1940-1941
1/42
480(II)42: Soldiers and 75's Barrage, Ft. Lewis, WA
ca. 1940-1941
1/43
480(II)43: "Anti-tank in action"
ca. 1940-1941
1/44
480(II)44: Canon-firing at Ft. Lewis, WA, "Big Boys' Talk"
ca. 1940-1941
1/45
480(II)45: Soldiers with guns in foxholes
ca. 1940-1941
1/46
480(II)46: "Garand's on the Range"
ca. 1940-1941
1/47
480(II)47: Soldier in jeep
ca. 1940-1941
1/48
480(II)48: Soldier on rocky hill with binoculars
ca. 1940-1941
1/49
480(II)49: "Tanks on the Jump," Ft. Lewis, WA
1941
1/50
480(II)50: Melinta Tunnel, Signal Corps Message Center, Manila, P.I.
April 24, 1942
1/51
480(II)51: Private Roy W. Humphrey being given blood plasma by Private First Class Harvey White after shrapnel wound, Sicily, Italy
August 9, 1943
1/52
480(II)52: Corporal Arthur Marino working in snow, tracing broken field wire for splicing, European theatre of operations
December 25, 1944
1/53
480(II)53: 7th Fleet Headquarters, Leyte, P.I.
March 15, 1945
1/54
480(II)54: Caisson bearing Franklin D. Roosevelt's body
April 14, 1945
1/55
480(II)55: Artist conception, radar to the moon
January 1946
1/56
480(II)56: Camp Murray Area, Fort Lewis, WA (aerial)
February 21, 1946
1/76
480(II)76: Buffalo called Big Medicine
1947
1/57
480(II)57: Elements of Company A and K, 35th Infantry Regiment, Korean Conflict
February 1, 1951
1/58
480(II)58: Corporal Elmer Soprano leans over a cliff to fasten a jump as group rehabilitates lines from Tanyang to Chechon, Korean Conflict
January 31, 1951
1/59
480(II)59: Remote control for drone, Woodbridge, VA
1956
1/60
480(II)60: Soldiers and new tactical television camera
1956
1/61
480(II)61: All weather radar equipment, Ft. Huachuca, AZ
1956
1/62
480(II)62: First American radar, page from patent restrictions
1957
1/63
480(II)63: U.S. Patent for radar
1957
1/64
480(II)64: Army pictorial service photographer, Nettuno, Italy
Feb. 12, 1944
1/65
480(II)65: Colonel Lukas Hoska, 35th AA Brigade, Missile Master installation, Ft. Meade, MD
1957
1/66
480(II)66: Electronic beam radar inside plastic balloon
October 1958
1/67
480(II)67: AN/TSC-16 radio system with operators pictured
April 15, 1959
1/68
480(II)68: First successful flight of Drone SD-2, Yuma, AZ
April 1959
1/69
480(II)69: Severed hand suspended by a rope, Saudi Arabia
ca. 1960
1/70
480(II)70: Severed hand suspended from a rope, Saudi Arabia
ca. 1960
1/71
480(II)71: Severed hand suspended from a rope, Saudi Arabia
ca. 1960
1/72
480(II)72: Man being led to execution, Saudi Arabia
ca. 1960
1/73
480(II)73: Decapitated man after execution, Saudi Arabia
ca. 1960
1/77
480(II)77: St. Mary's barbecue, Mary Ann Combs and son Abel
ca. 1975
1/78
480(II)78: Event on the University of Montana Oval
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)79: Event on the University of Montana Oval
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)80: Event on the University of Montana Oval
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)81: Event on the University of Montana Oval
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)82: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)83: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)84: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)85: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)86: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)87: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)88: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990
1/78
480(II)89: Panoramic view of University of Montana campus taken from Mount Sentinel
ca. 1990

Series III:  Research Files, 1860-1982Return to Top

1 folder

The series contains Claire Rhein's research files on Fort Owen and genealogical information on Major John Owen. It includes her correspondence with other Owen family researchers.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/79
Fort Owen research files
1860-1982

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Apache Indians--Photographs
  • Executions and executioners--Saudi Arabia--Photographs
  • Montana -- History -- Sources
  • Photography, Military

Personal Names

  • Owen, John, 1818-1889
  • Rhein, Claire K., 1922-2001

Corporate Names

  • United States. Army. Signal Corps
  • University of Montana--Missoula--Alumni and alumnae

Geographical Names

  • Fort Owen (Mont.)

Form or Genre Terms

  • Photographs
  • Ration books
  • Video tapes