- United States. Air Force ROTC.
- Air Force, R.O.T.C. Historic Records
- 1939-2006 (inclusive)19392006
- 1.25 cubic feet, (2 letter sized document cases and 1 letter half sized document case) : Correspondence, memoranda and reports in fair condition with some foxing and tears caused by improper handling and storage
- Collection Number
- The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, and reports retained by the administrative offices of Central Washington College of Education (presently Central Washington University) related to Ellensburg campus aviation programs from 1939 to 2006.
- Central Washington University, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Central Washington University
400 E University Way
- Access Restrictions
Open to the public for educational research.
Historical NoteReturn to Top
Efforts to establish an Air Force training program at Central Washington University began in the fall of 1942 when President Robert E. McConnell sent telegrams to the United States War Department, the Secretary of the Navy and high ranking military and government officials offering all the facilities of the college to assist in the war effort. The Navy turned down President McConnell, stating that the college was too small for a training program. The Army, however, took up McConnell’s offer and after some improvements to the dorms and dining facilities, two hundred men of the 314th Army Air Force Training Detachment arrived on March 1, 1943. Two hundred more soldiers arrived the following week. From March of 1943 until late April of 1944, men of the 314th A.A.F. were trained to serve as air crews for fighter units. On May 1, 1944, the 3058th Army Air Forces Base Unit replaced the 314th A.A.F. Training Detachment. The 3058th A.A.F. Base Unit trained in Ellensburg until June 23, 1944, before being sent to other military posts.
President McConnell made attempts to retain the program but the war was winding down and the need for training facilities on college campuses were being reduced nationwide. In August of 1945, the Army Air Force Training Command sent a survey to the college in reference to the establishment of a post-war Air Reserve Officers Training Corps. Once again, campus facilities became a factor, along with low male student enrollment and no nearby armory. The Army chose not to select Central. Three years later in 1948, President McConnell applied to the Secretary of Defense for either an Army or Air Force R.O.T.C. unit. His efforts failed. When the United States became involved in the Korean conflict in the summer of 1950, McConnell lobbied regional congressman in Washington D. C. to establish a compulsory R.O.T.C. unit at the college. On April 20, 1951, Central Washington College of Education was selected to participate in the Air Force R.O.T.C. program. The official date of the program’s establishment was on July 1, 1951, and by the fall quarter, training was being conducted on the Ellensburg campus. Currently the Air Force R.O.T.C. Detachment 895 Cadet Wing resides and trains at Central Washington University.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The Air Force R.O.T.C. records retained by Central Washington College of Education contain historical documents on the Civilian Pilot Training Program of the Civilian Aeronautics Authority (1939-1946), the Army Air Force Training Detachment (1943-1944) that served in Ellensburg, WA, during the Second World War, and the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (1945-1961) that was organized on the Central Washington University campus in 1951. The collection includes correspondence, memoranda, curricula, budgets, etc., from the 314th Army Air Force Training Detachment and the 3058th Army Air Force Base Unit.
Historical BackgroundReturn to Top
Central Washington University began as the Washington State Normal School in 1891. In 1937, the school was rechristened the Central Washington College of Education. In 1961, the school became Central Washington State College and, finally, in 1977, Central Washington University.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
[Name of document or photograph number]. RG075-08-02, Air Force R.O.T.C. Historic Records. Archives and Special Collections, Brooks Library, Central Washington University.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Organized in alphabetical order by title of file folder subject heading. Chronological arrangement.
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
|1-1||Army Air Base Geiger Field – Correspondence||1943-1944|
|1-2||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Checklists for Mess Inspection||1943-1944|
|1-3||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Contract negotiations||1942|
|1-4||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Contract negotiations||1943|
|1-5||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Contract terminated||1944|
|1-6||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Correspondence||1943|
|1-7||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Correspondence||1944|
|1-8||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Curriculum||1943|
|1-9||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Faculty and Staff||1943|
|1-10||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Kamola Hal Remodel||1943|
|1-11||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Miscellaneous||1943|
|1-12||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Miscellaneous||1944|
|1-13||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Photographs||1943-1944|
|1-14||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Program of Instruction||1942-1944|
|1-15||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Property lists and expenses||1943|
|1-16||Army Air Force Training Detachment – Receipts and accounts||1943-1944|
|1-17||Army Air Forces Material Command – Memoranda||1944|
|2-1||Business Manager, Central Washington College of Education – Correspondence, 1943||1943|
|2-2||Campus Buildings – Square footage and Occupancy||1943|
|2-3||Civilian Pilot Training Program||1939-1946|
|2-4||Contract for Pilot Training||1942|
|2-5||Contracts – War Department and Central Washington College of Education||1943|
|2-6||Contracts – War Department and Central Washington College of Education||1943|
|2-7||Contracts – War Department and Central Washington College of Education||1944|
|2-8||Correspondence – Commanding Officer, Army Air Force Training Detachment||1943-1944|
|2-9||Correspondence – Ernest L. Muzzall||1943-1944|
|2-10||First Year of the 314th Army Air Force Training Detachment||1944|
|2-11||Historical outline of the data regarding 3058th Army Air Forces Base Unit||1943-1944|
|2-12||Military Science Department, Strategic Plans||1993-1995|
|2-13||Military Science Department, Strategic Plans||1994-1999|
|2-14||Report on Summer Civilian Pilot Training||1942|
|2-15||R.O.T.C. – Application||1948|
|2-16||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1945|
|2-17||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1950|
|2-18||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1951|
|3-1||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1952-1953|
|3-2||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1954-1955|
|3-3||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1956-1959|
|3-4||R.O.T.C. – Correspondence||1960-1961|
|3-5||R.O.T.C. – Link Foundation Grant||1958-1961|
|3-6||R.O.T.C. – Programs||1994-2006|
|3-7||R.O.T.C. – Training Schedules||1993-1994|
|3-8||Supplemental History of the 314th Army Air Force Training Detachment||1944|
|3-9||War Department, Army Air Forces Material Command – Correspondence||1943-1944|
|3-10||War Department, Army Air Forces Material Command – Memoranda||1943-1944|
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Civilian Pilot Training Program (U.S.)
- History, Military--United States--20th century
- United States. Air Force ROTC.
- Ellensburg, Wash.
- United States. Army Air Forces. (creator)