Jack Schaefer papers, 1925-1986

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Schaefer, Jack, 1907-1991
Title
Jack Schaefer papers
Dates
1925-1986 (inclusive)
Quantity
13.5 cubic ft. (26 document boxes, 2 F24 boxes)
Collection Number
00430
Summary
Papers of this illustrious journalist and writer of western novels and short stories (Shane, Monte Walsh, and Stubby Pringle’s Christmas), including correspondence, drafts, manuscripts, publications in book and magazine format, newsclippings, photographs, and miscellaneous memorabilia.
Repository
University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
American Heritage Center
University of Wyoming
1000 E. University Ave.
Dept. 3924
Laramie, WY
82071
Telephone: 3077663756
ahcref@uwyo.edu
Access Restrictions
Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on the materials for research purposes, and the collection is open to the public.

Languages
English, , Polish, , Spanish, , German, , Finnish, , Slovak, and , Japanese
Sponsor
The creation of the EAD-version of this finding aid was made possible through a grant from the National Historic Publications and Records Commission.

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Jack Schaefer, noted 20th century journalist and writer of western novels and short stories, was born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1907. He attended school in Lakewood, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland, and received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Oberlin College with a major in English literature in 1929. Graduation was followed by a year of study at Columbia University, then a year of reporting for the United Press. The Depression years were spent as assistant director of education at the Connecticut State Reformatory, associate editor and later editor, 1933-1942, of the New Haven Courier Journal. Then in 1942 he joined the editorial department of the Baltimore Sun. Gerald Johnson and H. L. Mencken were Schaefer’s colleagues.

In 1949 Schaefer married Louise Deans and Shaefer’s first novel, Shane, appeared in book form. Previously Shane had been serialized in Argosy magazine. The story is seen through the eyes of a young homesteader’s son as a drifter, Shane, comes into the family’s struggle to maintain homesteader rights in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, at odds with cattlemen who claimed to rule the range. The novel was later made into a popular Hollywood film in 1953, starring Alan Ladd. After Shane came First Blood in 1953, the tale of a young stage coach driver who reveals courage and achieves manhood during an ambush. Then came a collection of short stories, The Big Range, showing everyday situations in Western life in a dramatic light. Canyon tells the story of the lonely battle of a young Cheyenne Indian who struggles with conformity both within himself and his environment. The Pioneers came out in 1955 followed by Out West, an anthology of western writing. Company of Cowards, a Civil War story, was written at the invitation of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The Kean Land and Other Stories appeared in 1959, Old Ramon in 1960, a novel about an old sheepherder who teaches a young boy the ways of range life. Monte Walsh tells the story of the rise and fall of one cowboy and the eventual demise of the cowboy life with the encroachment of civilization. This novel was also made into a film in 1970, starring Lee Marvin in the title role.

Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, originally written as a short story in 1963, was adapted as a screenplay for television’s Hallmark Hall of Fame in 1967, starring Beau Bridges and Julie Harris.

Jack Schaefer’s books have been translated into Finnish, Swedish, French, Danish, Indonesian, Portuguese, Arabic, Spanish, Slovenian, and German, plus many other languages. Jack Schaefer lived in Santa Fe, New Mexico, from 1955 until his death in 1991.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Jack Schaefer papers, 1925-1986, include his original manuscripts of novels, short stories, and scripts. Newspaper publications include over five hundred editorials, primarily from Schaefer’s early journalism career in the 1930s with The New Haven Courier Journal and Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, and hundreds of newspaper reviews of Schaefer’s works in print and in film. Fifty-two American and foreign editions of his books and twelve complete magazines with his articles or short stories provide examples of the diversity of Schaefer’s publications. Personal and biographical materials include memorabilia and photographs of Schaefer, friends and business acquaintances, plus stills of films and plays for television. Several clippings about Schaefer works are also part of the biographical papers. Correspondence reflects Schaefer’s relationship with book and magazine publishers, film producers, and fans. Also, copies of the case file correspondence between Jack Schaefer and Gene Gressley, former director of the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, show the long-term relationship between the two with regard to Schaefer donations to the archives, his requests for research information, and his philosophy of writing.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Copyright Information

The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.

Preferred Citation

Preferred Citation

Item Description, Box Number, Folder Number, Jack Schaefer papers, 1925-1986, Collection Number 00430, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Related Materials

Related Materials

Other known archival collections created by Jack Schaefer are:

Jack Schaefer Papers, 1920-1968, Center for Southwest Research, General Library, University of New Mexico Schaefer Collection, Oberlin College, Ohio The Jack Schaefer Society.

Acquisition Information

Acquisition Information

Jack Schaefer donated his papers to the American Heritage Center between 1957 and 1986.

Processing Note

Processing Information

The collection was processed by Melanie Francis in January 2003.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I.:  CreationsReturn to Top

(Drafts of Novels, Short stories, Screen and Radio Plays, Speeches) Arranged alphabetically

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
1 1
Adolphe Alphonse Bandlier
1966
Folders
1 2-3
All in One Place
1962-1963
1 4-5
American Beastiary, draft
undated
1 6-7
American Beastiary
undated
2 1-2
American Beastiary
undated
Folder
2 3
American Deserts
1958-1962
2 4
The American Indian
undated
2 5
Antelope Junction
1963
2 6
Asquith
undated
2 7
Bandelier
undated
2 8
A Beginning
1961-1963
3 1
The Canyon, script
undated
3 2
The Canyon, information on book
1955
3 3
Canyonlands
1964
3 4
Catnipped
undated
3 5
The Chaft
undated
3 6
Champion’s Son
undated
3 7
Collected Stories of Jack Schaefer, information on book
1966
3 8
Company of Cowards, information on book
1957
3 9
Christmas Eve at the Slash Y
1960
3 10
Company of Cowards
1957
3 11
Cooter James
undated
3 12
The Coup of Long Lance
undated
3 13
Dakota
1954
3 14
Death Valley
1960
3 15
Denver Post Horse Race
undated
3 16
The Desert
1958
3 17
Dobe Chavez
1960
3 18
Drifters
1962
Folders
4 1-2
Elsa Eberle
1950, undated
Folder
4 3
Elvie Burdette
undated
4 4
An Ending
1962
4 5
Enos Carr
1962
4 6
The Fifth Man
1958
4 7
First Blood, information on book
1952
4 8
Fodor’s Old West
1975
4 9
General Pingley
undated
4 10
The Goodman
undated
4 11
The Great Endurance Horse Race
1959
4 12
The Great Endurance Horse Race, information on book
1964
4 13
Grizzly Adams
1963
5 1
Happy Man
undated
5 2
Harmonizing
1959
5 3
Harvey Kendall
undated
5 4
Hattie
1962
5 5
Hellfire
1960
Folders
5 6-7
Heroes Without Glory
1963
Folder
5 8
Heroes Without Glory, information on book
1964-1965
Folders
5 9-10
Heroes Without Glory
1965
Folder
5 11
History of Transcontinental Railroad
undated
5 12
Hugo Kertchak, Builder
6 1
Ike’s Home Town
1956
6 2
In Harmony
1954
6 3
Incident on the Trail
undated
6 4
Jack Langrishe
undated
6 5
Jack Schaefer and the American West, forward
1977
6 6
Jack Schaefer’s People, introduction
undated
6 7
Jacob
1952
6 8
The Jaguar and the Puma
undated
6 9
The Jailkeeper’s Daughter
undated
6 10
Jeremy Rodock
1955
6 11
John Philips
1963
6 12
Josiah Willett
6 13
The Kangaroo Rat
undated
6 14
The Kean Land
undated
Folders
6 15-16
The Kean Land and Other Short Stories
undated
Folder
6 17
Kittura Remsberg
undated
7 1
La Gaceta
1964
7 2
The Last Chukker
1956
7 3
Launcelot Andrews
undated
7 4
The Legend of Dodge City
1957
7 5
Literature Cannot Be Taught
1966
7 6
Lord of the Beasts
1961
7 7
A Man and Four Bears
1964
7 8
The Man Who Saw
undated
Folders
7 9-11
Mavericks
1968, 1980, undated
Folder
7 12
Mavericks, information on book
1968
7 13
A Middle Aged Man
1962
7 14
Miley Bennett
undated
7 15
Modern Cowboy
undated
7 16
Monte Walsh, rough draft
undated
8 1
Monte Walsh, rough draft
undated
8 2
Monte Walsh, screenplay
1969
8 3
Monte Walsh, introduction to book
1980
Folders
8 4-6
Monte Walsh
undated
Folder
8 7
My Southwest
1959
8 8
My Town
undated
9 1
Nate Bartlett’s Store
undated
9 2
Navajoland
1966
9 3
A New Direction
1975
9 4
New Mexico, early draft
1965
9 5
New Mexico, later draft
1965
9 6
Oberlin College short story
undated
9 7
Old Ramon
1960
9 8
Old Ramon, information on book
1961
9 9
Old Records
9 10
One Man’s Town
undated
9 11
Our National Parks
undated
9 12
Out West
1960
9 13
Payment in Full
1963
9 14
Pierre
1954
9 15
The Pinto Horse
1961
9 16
Pioneers, information on book
1955
9 17
The Plainsmen
1963
9 18
Powder Kent
1961
9 19
Prudence by Name
undated
10 1
Ruidoso
1964
10 2
The Ramanor of North America
undated
10 3
Salt of the Earth
undated
10 4
Sampling of the Southwest
1965
10 5
Sangre de Cristo
1960
10 6
Schmedding book, foreword
undated
10 7
Second Fiddle
undated
10 8
Sergeant Houck
1951
SAFE
Shane
undated
SAFE
Shane, Release Dialogue Script
1953
Box Folder
10 9
Shane, drama with music
1982
10 10
Shane, information on book
1954-1964
10 11
Short Novels, information on book
1967
10 12
Silver Whip
1952
10 13
Slash Y
1961
10 14
Solar Perplexus
undated
10 15
Speeches
1975
11 1
Spenser and Chivalry
undated
11 2
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, short story
1963
11 3
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, printed
1978
11 4
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, original of treatment
undated
11 5
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, drama, first draft
undated
11 6
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, drama, revised second draft
undated
11 7
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas, information about book
1964
11 9
Sunset Trail
1970
12 1
Trail Hero
1958
12 2
Trooper Hook
undated
12 3
Western Fiction: Why Bother?,
1975
12 4
What’s in a Name?
undated
12 5
World of Denver
1961
12 6
Young Men at Work
1941
12 7
Your National Parks
1958
12 8
XYZ
1951

Series II.:  Published WorksReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1.: Books
Arranged alphabetically
Box
13
American Book Company
1979
13
The Audubon Wildlife Treasury
1976
13
The Canyon
1980
13
The Canyon (Kanion), Polish edition
1986
13
The Collected Short Stories, book on audio-cassette tape
1988
13
The Collected Stories of Jack Schaefer
1966
13
Company of Cowards, Corgi publication
1973
13
Company of Cowards, Bantam publication
1970, 1988
13
Conversations with a Pocket Gopher
1978
13
Cowboy and Indian Trader, by Joseph Schmedding, intro. by Jack Schaefer
1951
14
English for Modern Life, Level Four
1977
14
English—Pathways to the World
1976
14
First Blood
1988
14
First Blood (Pierwsza Krew), Polish edition
1979
14
Focus
1969
14
General Pringley (Generalul Pingley), Spanish edition
1973
14
Great Westerns from the Saturday Evening Post
1976
14
Journal of Popular Culture—The Popular Western
1974
14
Mavericks, Corgi publication
1968
14
Mavericks, Deutsch publication
1968
14
Mavericks, Dell publication
1974
15
Monte Walsh (Muz Se Srdcem Kovboje), Polish edition
1970
15
Monte Walsh I (um homem dificil de morrer), Spanish edition
1972
15
Monte Walsh II (un homen dificil de morrer), Spanish edition
1972
15
Monte Walsh, Corgi publication
1972
15
Monte Walsh, University of Nebraska Press
1981
15
Monte Walsh, books on audio-cassette tapes
1988
15
Old Ramon
1962
15
Out West, volumes 1 and 2
1972
15
The Pioneers
1972
15
The Pioneers, Aconteceu No Oeste, Spanish edition
1972
15
Reader’s Digest (Auswahlbucher), Der Rat des Medizinmanns, German ed.
1983
15
Reader’s Digest Condensed Books, Collectors Library Edition, The Canyon
1984
16
Reader’s Digest Condensed Books, The Canyon
1984
16
Reader’s Digest (Selezione Dal Reader’s Digest), Il Canyon, Spanish edition
1985
16
Reader’ Digest (Det Bedstes Boger), Den Lykkeliage Dal, Finnish edition
1988
16
Short Stories
1977
16
Shane
1949
16
Shane, Spanish edition
1972
16
Shane, Heinemann publication
1972
16
Shane, edition for English as a second language
1973
16
Shane (Mein Grosser Freund Shane), German edition
1974
16
Shane, (Jezdziec Znikad), Polish edition
1976
16
Shane, Heinemann Educational Books
1976
16
Shane, book on 8-track tape cassette
1978
16
Shane, (Jesdec Z Nezmama), Slovak edition
1988
16
Shane, Japanese edition
undated
16
Ten Western Stories
1975
17
Western American Literature
1976
17
Western Writers Series
1975
17
The Young America Basic Reading Program
1972
Folder
17 1
Book Jackets (assorted)
Subseries 2.: Articles and short stories in magazines
Arranged chronologically
Box
18
Rider from Nowhere (Part 1), Argosy
July 1946
18
Rider from Nowhere (Part 2), Argosy
September 1946
18
Rider from Nowhere (Part 3), Argosy
October 1946
18
Shane, el desconocido, Dartagnan, Spanish publication
December 1957
18
Jack Shaefer Shuns Shane, Santa Fe Scene
September 1959
18
The Shrew, New Mexico Fiesta Issue
1971
18
Notes for a New Mexico Bestiary, New Mexico Holiday Issue
1971
18
Famous New Mexico Novelist Is Rotary Speaker, Round Table
September 1971
18
Interview with a Shrew, Audubon
November 1975
18
Western Fiction: Why bother? Braille Book Review
March-April 1976
18
Topics
March-April 1976
18
Interview with a Pocket Gopher, Audubon
May 1976
18
Interview with a Bat, Audubon
November 1976
18
Enos Carr, Basin and Range
September/October 1985
18
The Cowboy’s Christmas Eve, Boys’ Life
December 1986
Subseries 3.: Articles and short stories removed from magazines
Arranged chronologically
Box Folders
19 1-6
Articles, assorted
1950s, 1960s

Series III.:  CorrespondenceReturn to Top

Arranged chronologically

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1.: General
Box Folders
20 1-7
1925-1929, 1950-1969
21 1-4
1970-1976
22 1-7
1977-1983
23 1-3
1984-1986
23 4-5
Undated letters
Subseries 2.: Fan Mail and Speaking Engagements
Box Folder
23 6
Invitations to speak
1940-1975
23 7
“Thank you” notes and letters
1940-1975
Folders
24 1-6
Fan Mail
1945-1983

Series IV.:  Personal/BiographicalReturn to Top

(Memorabilia, Photographs, Newspaper Clippings)

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
25 1
Awards and Degrees
1929, 1961, undated
25 2
High School Annual
1925
25 3
Miscellaneous
undated
Photographs:
Box Folder
25 4
Allen, Henry W.
undated
25 5
Friends
undated
25 6
Miscellaneous
undated
25 7
Oxley, Bruce
undated
25 8
Schaefer, Jack
1955, 1959, 1961, undated
25 9
Shane stills and slides
undated
25 10
Shooting an unidentified film
undated
25 11
Silver Whip stills
undated
25 12
Stubby Pringle’s Christmas stills
undated
25 13
Western characters
undated
Box Folder
25 14
Shane Illustrations, Etchings by John McCormack
Folders
26 1-4
Newspaper clippings
undated

Series V.:  OversizeReturn to Top

(Photographs, Editorials and Reviews)

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
27 1
Photographs (2), with Hugh Downs, Schaefer portrait
undated
27 2
Reviews and Editorials by Schaefer
(scrapbooks)
1932
27
Reviews and Editorials by Schaefer
(loose)
1933-1934
28
Reviews and Editorials by Schaefer
(loose)
1933-1934

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Western stories--Authorship.

Titles within the Collection

  • Shane (Motion picture).