Archives West Finding Aid
Table of Contents
- Overview of the Collection
- Content Description
- Administrative Information
- Detailed Description of the Collection
- Names and Subjects
Western Union Mining Company Records, 1917-1951
- Western Union Mining Company
- Western Union Mining Company Records
- 1917-1951 (inclusive)19171951
- 4.5 cubic feet
- Collection Number
- MG289 (collection)
- Minutes of meetings, correspondence with stockholders and suppliers, annual statements and reports to state agencies, records relating to stock assessments and transfers, stock ledgers and a stock journal, financial ledgers and statements, records relating to ore shipment and production, and time books and payrolls of a silver-lead mining company in the Evolution Mining District of the Coeur d'Alene mining region of Idaho.
University of Idaho Library, Special Collections and Archives
Special Collections and Archives
University of Idaho Library
875 Perimeter Drive
- Funds for processing were provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Historical NoteReturn to Top
The Aurora Sampson Mining Company and the H.E.M. Mining Company, holders of adjoining properties including a large group of claims and a millsite on Revenue Gulch in Evolution Mining District, Shoshone County, Idaho, about two miles west of Wallace, merged early in 1916 to form the Western Union Mining Company, as incorporated under the laws of the state of Idaho. The first set of directors for the new company included D.H. Anderson, J.E. Burbank, William Bjorklund, George Allen, William Holm, Erick Hagman and Russell F. Collins, essentially the group which would run the company for its first eight years. A considerable amount of galena lead ore was extracted, with the years 1921-1923 showing the highest profit. In addition to working the mine and a millsite, Western Union leased property on what was known as The Western Union Townsite, later Silverton, Idaho.
The Western Union Mining Company continued to develop and operate its property until the lead market became unfavorable. Thereafter portions of the land were worked and mined by lessors. About 1923 the Hercules Mining Co. began purchasing all available stock in the Western Union company. The discovery that the Western Union secretary Ben L. Collins had sold all his stock and advised his friends to do the same led to a public quarrel among the Western Union directors. By 1924 Hercules had obtained enough Western Union stock to be able to take control of the company and install a new board of directors including Harry L. Day, Jerome J. Day, August Paulsen, L.W. Hulton, and Frank M. Rothrock. M.H. Sullivan and Herman J. Rossi were carried over from the old board, apparently because of their connections at the Bunker Hill Smelter and their contract with Western Union.
For the next twenty-three years the Western Union Mining Company operated mainly by leasing out its property, including claims and tunnels for mining, timberland for logging, property for the operation of a fish hatchery, and the Western Union Townsite for residential development. In 1930 the Western Union bought out one of their lessors, The Wilbur Mining Company, and took over that firm's remaining property.
In 1934 Western Union decided to abandon twenty-seven unpatented mines in order to avoid the expense of annual assessment work. Western Union Mining Company stock was dropped from the Standard Stock Exchange of Spokane in 1939. The Western Union Mining Company continued to exist until 1947 when it merged with other companies to become Day Mines, Inc.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The records of the Western Union Mining Company span the years 1916-1951, with the bulk of the material covering the years 1922-1947. Included are minutes of meetings and related material, general correspondence with stockholders and suppliers, annual statements and reports to state agencies, records relating to stock assessments and transfers, stock ledgers and a stock journal, financial ledgers and other related material, records of silver shipments, assays and ore settlements, and employee time books and payrolls.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
The records of the Western Union Mining Company are divided into five series.
The first series, Records of the Board of Directors and the Stockholders, includes minutes of the meetings and other records such as financial statements, proxy statements, lists of stockholders, proofs of publication and reports of elections for officers and directors.
General Correspondence and Related Records, the second series, is an alphabetical file containing, in addition to correspondence, agreements, annual reports to state agencies, audits, contracts, deeds, leases and other legal documents, and lists of stockholders.
The third series is Capital Stock Records. Included are correspondence with stockholders regarding assessments and stock transfers, an assessment journal, several stock ledgers and a stock journal, and capital stock tax returns.
Financial records comprise the fourth series. Included are a ledger for the Western Union townsite, a financial ledger, financial statements, appraisals, and correspondence concerning the company's 1922 corporate income tax return.
The fifth series, Ore Production and Shipment Records, contains records of silver shipments, assays, and ore settlement sheets
The final series is Personnel Records, which includes employee time books, an employee earning ledger, payrolls for the years 1922-1927, and workmen's compensation reports filed with the Aetna Insurance Company.
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
Series I. Records of the Board of Directors and Stockholders , 1916-1946Return to Top
Records related to meetings
Series II. General Correspondence and Related Records , 1917-1951Return to Top
Annual reports, Idaho
Annual reports, Securities and Exchange Commission
Annual statements, Idaho
Assessment work, Western Union
Assessment work, Wilbur mine
Contract, Morris Howard logging
Federal Housing Administration
Leases and other legal documents
Mackey, Larry, contractor
Securities and Exchange Commission
Smelter contract, Proposed
Spokane Stock Exchange
U.S. Bureau of Mines
Wage and Hour Division, 1939
Water rights, 1928; Western Sanitation Corps, 1938-1943; Western Union Townsite Sewer System, 1941
Series III. Capital Stock Records , 1916-1947Return to Top
Correspondence related to stock transfers and assessments: Assessment #1
Assessment journal, assessments 6-14
Capital stock tax returns
Series IV. Financial Records , 1922-1947Return to Top
Western Union Townsite Ledger
Monthly treasurers reports
Corporate income tax
Property relief act
H.E.M. Mining Company bond
Bank deposit books
Series V. Ore Production & Shipment Records , 1920-1927Return to Top
Silver shipments and summaries
Series VI. Personnel Records , 1922-1927Return to Top
Employee time books
Employee earning ledger
Workmen's compensation reports
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Lead mines and mining -- Idaho -- Coeur d'Alene Mining District -- History -- Sources
- Mining corporations -- Records -- Idaho -- Coeur d'Alene Mining District
- Silver mines and mining -- Idaho -- Coeur d'Alene Mining District -- History -- Sources
- Western Union Mining Company