Archives West Finding Aid
Table of Contents
- Overview of the Collection
- Content Description
- Use of the Collection
- Administrative Information
- Detailed Description of the Collection
- Names and Subjects
Thaddeus Hurlbut Capron Family Papers, 1864-1966 (bulk 1867-1884)
- Capron, Thaddeus Hurlbut, 1840-1890
- Thaddeus Hurlbut Capron Family Papers
- 1864-1966 (bulk 1867-1884) (inclusive)
- 1.35 cubic ft. (3 boxes)
- Collection Number
- Thaddeus H. Capron was a United States Infantry officer during the Civil War and the subsequent Indian Wars. He served under General Crook at the Battle of the Rosebud (June, 1876). The collection includes diaries and letters of Thaddeus Capron and reminiscences of his wife, Cynthia. Photographs and drawings are also included.
American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
University of Wyoming
1000 E. University Ave.
- Access Restrictions
Access to original letters is restricted. Photocopies are available for research use.
Historical NoteReturn to Top
Thaddeus Hurlbut Capron was born in Wisconsin on February 11, 1840. He enlisted in the 55th Illinois Infantry September 9, 1861 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant March 1, 1863. After the Civil War he joined the 9th U.S. Infantry as a second lieutenant January 22, 1867, and served in many western campaigns and at many western forts. On June 27, 1867, he married Cynthia Jane ("Jennie") Steves. He was promoted to first lieutenant November 8, 1871, and served under General Crook at the Battle of the Rosebud (June 1876). Capron retired from the army August 30, 1887, and died on December 24, 1890.
Cynthia Jane Steves Capron (1843-1923) was born near Syracuse, New York, and grew up in Durand, Illinois. She accompanied her husband to the west and experienced the life of an officer's wife at Camp Wright (California), Fort Laramie (Wyoming), and Fort Hartsuff (Nebraska), among other locations. Their children were: Hazen Selwyn (1868-1945), Clara Eloise (b. 1871), Henry (1873-1876), Blanche (1879-1940), Mary Louise (b. 1882), and Bessie Adelaide (1884-1909).
Hazen Selwyn Capron married Margaret Bidwell in 1893. Their children were: Ruth Capron (Thomas), Lois Capron, and Margaret Winifred Capron (Moyer). Blanche Capron married Harry H. Barber. Mary Louise Capron married Robert A. Hunter.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
In 1897, after her husband's death, Cynthia Capron began copying some of his diaries and many of his letters in her own hand into copybooks. She interspersed the letters with her reminiscences of the events, and titled the volumes "Thad's and My Letters." These volumes comprise Series III of the collection. Typescripts of the volumes were created by American Heritage Center staff to assist researchers. Some of the original documents on which the volumes were based can be found in Series I (Diaries) and Series II (Correspondence). Of special note in Series I are the diaries which Lieutenant Capron kept during 1876 while he was serving with General Crook's expedition which culminated in the Battle of the Rosebud. Series IV (Other Papers and Photographs) includes a sketch of Fort Laramie done by Cynthia Capron in the 1870s.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.
Digital reproductions of select material from this collection are available at http://digitalcollections.uwyo.edu:8180/luna/servlet/uwydbuwy~18~18.
Item description, Box Number, Folder Number, Thaddeus Hurlbut Capron Family, Collection Number 0694, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
This collection is arranged in 4 series:
Series I. Diaries of Thaddeus Capron, 1868, 1875-1876.
Series II. Correspondence, 1864-1932.
Series III. "Thad's and My Letters," ca. 1890s.
Series IV. Other Papers and Photographs, ca. 1868-1966.
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
Series I.: Diaries of Thaddeus Capron, 1868, 1876Return to Top
Diary - 9th U.S. Infantry, Camp Wright California, Typescript and partial transcript
Diary - Fort Hartsuff, Fort Laramie, Camp Sheridan, Transcript 1875
Diary - Bighorn and Yellowstone Expedition, Transcript 1876
Diary - Bighorn and Yellowstone Expedition, Typescript 1876
Diary - Bighorn and Yellowstone Expedition, Typescript from David Hunter 1876
Series II.: Correspondence 1864-1932 Return to Top
|1||25||1890, 1892, 1921-1922|
Correspondence, Calling Cards undated
Correspondence, Invitations 1870s-1880s
Correspondence, Invitations, Weddings 1870s-1880s
Series III.: "Thad's and My Letters," circa 1890s Return to Top
Volume 1: "Life in the Army, June 27, 1867, to March 27, 1869" undated
Volume 1: Typescript undated
Volume 2: "Life in the Army," 1868, 1869-1871 1898
Volume 2: Typescript undated
Volume 3: Typescript undated
Volume 4: 1873 1899
Volume 4: Typescript undated
Volume 5: June 1874 to August 1875, Thad's Diary undated
Volume 5: Typescript undated
Volume 6: August to December 1875 undated
Volume 6: Typescript undated
Volume 7: 1876, Includes some original documents 1897
Volume 7: Typescript undated
Volume 8: 1876-1877, Includes some original documents 1898
Volume 8: Typescript undated
Volume 9: 1877 to July 1878, Includes some original documents undated
Volume 9: Typescript undated
Volume 10: July 1878 through 1879 undated
Volume 10: Typescript undated
Volume 11: 1879, 1880-1882 undated
Volume 11: Typescript undated
Volume 12: June 1882 to October 1884 undated
Volume 12: Typescript undated
Series IV.: Other Papers and Photographs, circa 1868-1966 Return to Top
Arranged alphabetically by folder title. Includes biographical and genealogical information, printed material, photographs of family members and forts, sketch of Fort Laramie.
|3||12||1880, 1940, 1966|
Button - Military Eagle and shield with "C" undated
Pamphlets - Table of Distances, Department of the Platte, Indian Wars 1877, 1935-1936
|3||16||circa 1868-circa 1959|
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Army spouses -- West (U.S.) -- Correspondence
- Frontier and pioneer life -- United States
- Rosebud, Battle of the, 1876
- Crook, George, 1829-1890
- United States Army. Officers -- Correspondence
- Fort Laramie (Wyo. : Fort)
Form or Genre Terms
- Capron, Cynthia Jane Steves, 1843-1923
- Capron, Hazen Selwyn, 1868-1945