Maggie Smith Hathaway Collection, 1893-1954  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Hathaway, Maggie Smith, 1867-1955
Maggie Smith Hathaway Collection
1893-1954 (inclusive)
1.0 linear foot
Collection Number
Mss 224 (collection)
Maggie Smith Hathaway was one of the first two women to serve in the Montana legislature and worked in education and child welfare in Montana. The collection contains scrapbooks and the manuscript for a book, Maggie and Montana, written by Harold Tascher.
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Maggie Smith was born in 1867 in Ottawa, Ohio, the daughter of a Methodist Episcopal minister. She arrived in Stevensville, Montana, in 1893. She became a teacher when she was fifteen and taught in Ohio. Later, she was principal and county superintendent of schools in Helena. The Epworth League, established in 1889 in Cleveland, Ohio, was formed as a junior league to extend the effectiveness of Methodism; Smith became a member of the Montana League in 1894. The following year, she became the state president, and worked to make the organization more effectively carry its message of Methodism statewide. She was also active in the Women's Christian Temperance Union. In 1911, she married Benjamin Tappan Hathaway, a deputy superintendent of the State Department of Public Instruction. He died when they had only been married six months.

That same year, she became interested in politics. She actively lobbied for women's suffrage and served as one of the first two women in the Montana legislature, 1917-1921. Some of her legislation concerned alcohol and tobacco controls in the state. In 1920, the Democratic caucus elected her the minority floor leader, making her the first woman in American history to receive this distinction. She ran unsuccessfully for the office of Representative to the U. S. Congress from Montana in 1922. In 1925, she was appointed secretary of the Bureau of Child Protection in Montana, and served in that post for three years. Here, she worked to advance the welfare of women and children in the state. In 1936, she was appointed director of Child Welfare Services of the Montana Relief Commission. In this post, she traveled to Washington, DC, to lobby for women and children. She left that position in 1937 and became a freelance worker. In 1940 she became Informational Representative of the State Department of Public Welfare, and became secretary of the Montana Temperance Commission in 1941. In 1953, the Montana Conference of Social Welfare honored Hathaway at its annual banquet.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains scrapbook and manuscript materials collected by Hathaway and used by Harold Tascher in writing his book Maggie and Montana, which was published in 1954.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Maggie Smith Hathaway Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


The collection is divided into three series:

Series I: Scrapbooks, 0.75 linear feet, 1893-1932

Series II: Maggie and Montana manuscript, 0.25 linear feet, 1920, 1954

Series III: Clippings, 1 folder, 1917-1951

Custodial History

The collection was acquired by Harold Tascher as part of his work on Hathaway. This was originally a segment of his papers.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Harold Tascher, 1972.

Processing Note

The actions of the original processors are unknown. In November 1997, the collection was substantially rearranged and more thoroughly described.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Scrapbooks , 1893-1932 Return to Top

0.75 linear feet

This series contains twelve scrapbooks that focus on Hathaway's legislative activities, child welfare work, the Epworth League, and women's suffrage. The books contain photographs, newspaper clippings, typescript transcriptions of newspaper stories, typescript copies of Hathaway's addresses and speeches, and various awards and accolades given her.

The series is arranged approximately chronologically.
Container(s) Description Dates
Epworth League scrapbook
Fourth International Convention, Epworth League
1907, 1915, 1923, 1925, and substitute, 1947
Trips east
1913-1914, 1917-1918
Women's suffrage
Montana Legislature
Montana Legislature
Montana Legislature, special session
Montana Legislature, regular and extraordinary session
Bureau of child protection
[ca. 1925-1937]
Bureau of child protection
[ca. 1925-1937]
Bulletins and annual report, Bureau of Child Protection
1924, 1929, 1931-1932

Series II:  Maggie and Montana manuscript , 1920, 1954Return to Top

0.25 linear feet

This series consists of the handwritten and typescript manuscript for Tascher's book. The typescript copy bears annotations that seem to be in Hathaway's hand. There is also one copy of the book in published form.

Container(s) Description Dates
Set 1
Set 2
Chapters 5 and 9; National Democratic Convention
Maggie and Montana, published form

Series III:  Clippings , 1917-1951Return to Top

1 folder

This series consists of newspaper and magazine clippings from Montana and national newspapers about Hathaway and a few publications about liquor and tobacco. Many of the newspaper clippings are annotated in her hand.

Container(s) Description Dates

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Alcohol--Law and legislation--Montana
  • Child welfare--Montana
  • Children--Government policy--Montana
  • Methodist women--Montana
  • Temperance--Montana
  • Tobacco--Law and legislation--Montana
  • Women in church work--Methodist Church
  • Women in church work--Montana
  • Women in politics--Montana
  • Women legislators--Montana
  • Women--Suffrage--Montana

Personal Names

  • Hathaway, Maggie Smith, 1867-1955

Corporate Names

  • Epworth League (U.S.)
  • Montana Relief Commission
  • Montana Temperance Commission
  • Montana. Bureau of Child Protection
  • Montana. Legislative Assembly
  • Woman's Christian Temperance Union

Geographical Names

  • Montana--Politics and government--20th century
  • Montana--Religious life and customs--20th century

Form or Genre Terms

  • Scrapbooks--Montana

Other Creators

  • Personal Names
    • Tascher, Harold, 1900-1989. Maggie and Montana