Rudger Clawson papers, 1870-1943

Overview of the Collection

Clawson, Rudger, 1857-1943
Rudger Clawson papers
1870-1943 (inclusive)
13 linear feet
Collection Number
MS 0481
The Rudger Clawson papers (1870-1943) consists of memoirs, autobiographical accounts, diaries, letter books, loose letters, scrapbooks, newspaper and periodical clippings, printed books and miscellaneous documents. Clawson was born in Salt Lake City a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) Church. He served a Mission to the Southern States that ended after his companion Joseph Standing was murdered by a mob in Georgia. Clawson practiced polygamy and was the first Mormon to be imprisoned for just over three years for the practice. After his release from prison he became the Stake President for the Box Elder Stake for the LDS Church. Then as an apostle in the Council of the Twelve Apostles which he did for 45 years until his death on 21 June 1943 at the age of 86.
University of Utah Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library
University of Utah
295 South 1500 East
Salt Lake City, UT

Telephone: 8015818863
Access Restrictions

Access to original diaries restricted.

Twenty-four hour advanced notice encouraged. Materials must be used on-site. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Rudger Clawson (1857-1943) was born on 12 March 1857, in Salt Lake City, the son of Hiram B. Clawson and Margaret Gay Judd. He attended school in the Salt Lake Nineteenth Ward, the Social Hall, and the University of Deseret in the Council House.

From 1875 to 1877 Clawson worked as a secretary to John W. Young, a railroad contractor, in both Salt Lake City and New York City, Clawson was professionally trained in shorthand and bookkeeping, and graduated in 1877 from Scott-Browne's College of Phonography in New York City. Examples of his shorthand are found in his first diary and in a few of his letters to Lydia. He also used his skills in shorthand when he served as official reporter for four sermons delivered by apostles in the Sunday meetings at the Salt Lake Tabernacle.

On 9 April 1879, Clawson was called to serve as a missionary to the southern states mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. On 21 July 1897, near Varnell's Station, Georgia, he and his companion were abducted by an angry, anti-Mormon mob evidently intent of giving the two young men a severe beating, but instead led to the murder of his companion, Elder Joseph Standing, when the latter provoked his abductors. Clawson's mission ended after only this short beginning, as it then became his assignment to accompany the body of his slain companion back to Salt Lake City.

From 1879 to 1880 Clawson worked as a corresponding secretary for Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution, and from 1882-1884 he worked as a bookkeeper for his brother, Spencer Clawson, in the wholesale dry goods business.

On 12 August 1882, Clawson married Florence Ann Dinwoodey, the daughter of Henry Dinwoodey and Anne Hill, at the Salt Lake Endowment House. About six months later and with his wife pregnant he announced to her his intention of taking another wife. Accordingly, on 29 March 1883, he married Lydia Elizabeth Spencer, daughter of Daniel Spencer and Mary Jane Cutcliffe, at the Endowment House. In 1884 Clawson was indicted for polygamy and unlawful co-habitation. Because the case could not be proven, the trial ended with a hung jury. The next day Clawson's plural wife, Lydia, was located by the authorities and a second trial was held, but she refused to serve as a witness and was committed to the Utah Territorial Prison for contempt of court. The following day Clawson asked her to testify and as a result he was convicted on 25 October 1884 and she was released. Although he expected that the sentence would be for about one year, on 3 November 1844 Judge Charles S. Zane sentenced him to four years imprisonment and fined him $800. Clawson thus became the first Mormon polygamist to be imprisoned. After serving three years, one month and ten days of his sentence, he was pardoned by President Grover Cleveland and was released from prison on 13 December 1887. Perhaps as a reward for so nobly defending the principle of polygamy, Clawson received their second anointing one week after his release from prison. This anointing in Mormon belief assures exaltation in the highest degree of the Celestial Kingdom.

On 23 December 1887, Clawson received the call to become the president of the Box Elder Stake. In January of 1888 his family moved their residence from Salt Lake City to Brigham City. The next month he was sustained as president by the Box Elder Stake members at their quarterly stake conference, and was ordained a High Priest and set apart by Lorenzo Snow. Clawson was invited to speak at the 1888 general conference. President Wilford Woodruff (who was in hiding to avoid prosecution for polygamy) had left instructions with Lorenzo Snow to not allow any discussion of polygamy at the conference. However, on 6 April less than four months after being released from prison Clawson delivered a stirring speech in which he referred to his conviction and imprisonment in 1844 for the crime of living the principle of polygamy and declared that his testimony was strengthened by his three-year incarceration. In order to soften the strength of Clawson's defense of polygamy the following statements were omitted form the report published in the LDS church-owned Deseret Evening News "the Lord has revealed the principle of celestial marriage. Do we believe it is true? We most assuredly do. And will we honor this principle? By the help of the lord we will honor it and honor him. By the help of the lord will not make the promise to do away with this principle any more than we will promise to do away with the principle of faith, (repentance), baptism, or the laying on of hands for the reception of the Holy Ghost." In May of 1891 Clawson looked back at the delivery of this speech and the discussion it had aroused and said. "My remarks... occasioned a great deal of comment at the time, not only among the saints but to some extent among the gentiles ... It will be remembered that in the year 1888, the crusade against our people was prosecuted with great vigor by the Government and some were of opinion that the remarks ... would have a tendency to increase the violence of the persecution."

During the next few years three of Clawson's children died. His son, Daniel Spencer Clawson, died on 4 May 1893. His daughter, Vera Mary Clawson, died tragically on 13 March 1897 as a result of drinking some furniture cleaning fluid. On 19 April 1898 his oldest son, Rudger Elmo Clawson, died. This was Clawson's son by his first wife, Florence Ann Dinwoodey, who had divorced him because of her unwillingness to live in polygamy.

On 10 October 1898, Clawson was ordained an apostle by President Lorenzo Snow. Three days later he attended his first meeting with the First Presidency and the Council of the Twelve Apostles. As a result of his elevation to the apostleship, he moved his residence from Brigham City to Salt Lake City in July of 1899, but was not released as Box Elder Stake President until the following November.

On 6 October 1901, Clawson was sustained at general conference as second counselor in the First Presidency, but President Snow died only four days later. It was decided, however, not to dissolve the First Presidency until after the funeral on 13 October 1901. Because of the suddenness of President Snow's death, Clawson was never formally set apart to this position by the church leaders: Clawson's seven days in this high office is the shortest period of time that anyone has served in the LDS First Presidency.

In June 1912 Clawson arrived in Liverpool, England, to preside over the European Mission, and served in this position until April 1913.

In November 1918 as a result of Anthon H. Lund's being made a member of the First Presidency, Clawson was sustained as acting president of the Council of the Twelve Apostles. Finally, on 10 March 1921, he became President of the Council of the Twelve Apostles, during his long service to his church; Clawson spoke at church gatherings of many sizes and in many places for over half a century. In 1942, one year before his death, he compiled the statistic that he had attended 10,637 meetings and had addressed the congregation at 5,792 of these.

During an interview conducted around the turn of the century, Clawson was asked what the most important reason for his success in life was. His unhesitating response was: "My success in life, if I have attained to any, is due to a fixed an unyielding determination on my part to seek and abide by counsel. I know there is safety in counsel."

Rudger Clawson died on 21 June 1943 Clawson died in Salt Lake City at the age of 86. At the time of his death he had served in the Council of The Twelve Apostles for a total of 45 years.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Rudger Clawson papers (1870-1943) consists of memoirs, autobiographical accounts, diaries, letter books, loose letters, scrapbooks, newspaper and periodical clippings, printed books and miscellaneous documents. Clawson served in many official capacities in the LDS Church, including missionary, stake president, apostle, and second counselor to the president of the church.

When Clawson was almost seventy years old, he began to dictate his memoirs to his secretary. This process began in 1926 and continued into the 1930's. The memoirs recount numerous experiences from his early life to the end of his term as president of the European Mission in 1913. The collection also includes an account of his life, which is part of the celebration for his seventieth birthday.

Clawson was sentenced to prison for the practice of polygamy and was kept in the Utah Territorial Prison for over three years. He worked on several drafts of his account of prison experiences during his incarceration from November 1884 to December 1887. His first-hand accounts provide valuable insights into prison life during this period, including an inmate's suggestion on how best to rob a house and a description of the "sweat box" used to discipline prisoners.

The diaries of Rudger Clawson cover the period from his release from the penitentiary through December of 1905 a period of eighteen years. The first diary is a large leather volume which covers events from December 1887 until April 1892. There are ten smaller diaries which cover the period April 1892 to May 1899. On the front end-papers Clawson would occasionally list important events recorded within the diary. For example, book nine shows "Bishop F. Durfey's dream page 4," which refer to a dream in which a personage announced that the millennium would begin in thirty years. The remaining diary entries are typewritten sheets and continue through December 1905. The diaries are centered on the meetings Clawson attended and provide attended and provide insights into how the church meetings were structured, the favorite hymns sung, scripture recitations or talks during the passing of the sacrament and the contents of speeches to members.

Clawson was called to preside over the European Mission in April of 1910, and served in that position for three years. During that time a number of items were generated, including a letter book of correspondence with the church leaders in Salt Lake City, and two Letter books of correspondence with church leaders and members in editorials published in the Millennial Star from June 1910 to April 1913. Near the end of the latter year he presented to the church leaders a Report on the European Mission, a copy of which is included in the collection.

The collection includes various biographical sketches of Clawson and of his plural wife's relatives and ancestors, including Margaret Gay Judd Clawson, Hiram B. Clawson, George Cutcliffe, John Cutcliffe, Mary Jane Cutcliffe, Daniel Spencer, and Samuel G. Spencer. The collection includes a letterpress book of Clawson's father, Hiram B. Clawson, of business letters from May 1872 to June 1874. The personal diary of Clawson's son, Rudger Remus Clawson, provides daily entries from January to August of 1904.

A number of the notes and drafts of his talks delivered at various church functions are preserved in the collection, as well as speeches presented at general conferences from 1898 to 1942. The collection contains numerous blessings Clawson gave church members to the priesthood, settings apart to a church office, appointment blessings, missionary blessings, blessings before leaving home to attend school, and blessings before traveling.

Because Clawson was such a dedicated diarist, one is able to view through his eyes various developments during this transitional period in LDS history. Information is presented on the following subject: Theological speculation among the brethren; changes in church policy and doctrine; questions about post-manifesto polygamy; variations in emphasis on the Word of Wisdom; use of wine in the sacrament; rulings concerning colonization and emigration; financial disclosures concerning church assets; political aspirations of George Q. Cannon and Reed Smoot; conflicts between the Deseret News and the Salt Lake Tribune; differing attitudes toward Freemasonry, Elks, and other secret societies; priesthood regulations and the need for church courts; denial of the priesthood to blacks; and the evils of dancing, card playing, chess, and checkers.

The Rudger Clawson collection is of considerable importance to both the serious historian and the amateur researcher because of the wealth and variety of data provided. The collection provides valuable insights from a man who lived half of his long life in the nineteenth century and half in the twentieth century.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The library does not claim to control copyright for all materials in the collection. An individual depicted in a reproduction has privacy rights as outlined in Title 45 CFR, part 46 (Protection of Human Subjects). For further information, please review the J. Willard Marriott Library's Use Agreement and Reproduction Request forms.

Preferred Citation

Collection Name, Collection Number, Box Number, Folder Number. Special Collections, J. Willard Marriott Library, The University of Utah.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Acquisition Information

Boxes 1-23 were donated by the Lydia Clawson Hoopes Estate in 1983.

Boxes 24-32 were donated by Roy and David Hoopes in 1989.

Separated Materials

Photographs transferred to the Multimedia Section of the Manuscripts Division (P0291) of Special Collections.

Processing Note

Processed by Stan Larson in 1986.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Memoirs and Penitentiary Materials, 1884-1943Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Rudger Clawson Memoirs, Miscellaneous Materials
Box Folder
1 1-13
Rudger Clawson, Memoirs of the life of Rudger Clawson
These folders contain Clawson's memoirs, as dictated to his secretary in the 1930's, and consist of 492 typed pages. Pages 88-89 and 267-275 are missing.
1 14
Miscellaneous Personal Materials
1 15
Autobiographical Account and Family Tributes
1 16
Guest book at the Eightieth Birthday Reception of Rudger Clawson
1 17
Memorial Record of the Rudger Clawson Viewing, Larkin Mortuary
Penitentiary Materials
Box Folder
2 1
Early Account of Penitentiary Experiences
2 2-11
Penitentiary Experiences in the Utah State Penitentiary
2 12
Penitentiary Addresses, Speeches, Programs
2 13
Autograph Album, Utah Penitentiary "Cohabs"
2 14
List of Men Imprisoned for Polygamy

Journals and Diaries, 1887-1905Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Rudger Clawson Journal
This box contains a personal journal describing activities and church meeting from 13 December 1887 to 2 April 1892. The first dated entry is 1 May 1891, and the previous three and a half years of material is retrospective.
This box contains restricted material use copies in boxes 5-7
This box contains restricted material use copies in boxes 5-7
5 1
5 2
5 3
5 4
5 5
5 6
5 7
6 1
Diary 8
6 2
Diary 9
6 3
Diary 10
6 1-3
Book 11
6 4-5
Book 12
6 6-9
Book 13
7 1-4
Book 14
7 5-11
Book 15
7 1-2
Rudger Clawson

European Mission, 1910-1913Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
8 1-4
8 5
Report Birmingham Anti-Mormon League
This folder contains a report of a Birmingham Anti-Mormon League meeting held in the Baptist Chapel , Bacchus Road, Hansworth, Alabama
8 6
Elder W. P. Monson Anti-Polygamy Resolution
The folder contains information on the anti-polygamy resolution adopted at a public meeting held at Watford, Herts.
8 7
Rudger Clawson, Millennial Star Article Mr. W. T. Stead in the 'Review of Reviews'
8 8
Report of the Conference of the Presidents of the European Missions
8 1
Rudger Clawson, European Mission Report made by Rudger Clawson of the Council of the Twelve
9 1
Letter-press Book 1, Letters to the First Presidency
10 1
Letter-press Book 2, Miscellaneous
Letter-press Book 3, Answers to Questions

Miscellaneous Material, 1872-1943Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Scrapbook 1
This box contains correspondence-First Presidency, Church Directives, Programs, Articles, Miscellaneous
Scrapbook 2
This box contains correspondence, Newspaper Articles.
Scrapbook 3
This box contains Clippings, Journal Extracts, Aritcles and Editorials from Latter-day Saints' Millennial Star, Ect.
Miscellaneous Correspondence
Box Folder
15 1-8
Miscellaneous Correspondence
15 9
Ezra Taft Benson
15 10
Amos R. Cook
15 11
James Coughlan
15 12
James Faggo
15 13
George F. Gibbs
15 14
Heber J. Grant
15 15
Anthon H. Lund
15 16
Francis M. Lyman
15 17
Richard R. Lyman
15 18
David O. McKay
15 19
Charles W. Penrose
15 20
Richard S. Sleight
15 21
George Albert Smith
15 22
Hyrum M. Smith
15 23
Joseph F. Smith
15 24
Joseph Fielding Smith Jr.
15 25
Reed Smoot
15 26
W. T. Stead
15 27
James E. Talmage
15 28-29
The Potter Case
Family Correspondence, Family Records
Box Folder
16 1
David James to Lydia Clawson
16 2
Horace G. Whitney to Lydia Clawson
16 3
Rudger Clawson to Lydia Clawson Hoopes
16 4-6
Rudger Clawson to Lydia Clawson
16 7
Millie Spencer to Lydia Clawson
16 8
Rudger Clawson to Spencer Clawson
16 9
Rudger Clawson to Hyrum B. Clawson
16 10
Samuel G. Clawson to Rudger Clawson
16 11
Rudger Clawson, Biographical Materials
16 12-13
Margaret Gay Judd Clawson, Rambling Reminiscences
16 14
Lydia Spencer Clawson Business Records
16 15
Reminiscences of Hiram B. Clawson
16 16
Amelia Spencer Stewart, A Short Sketch of the Life of George Cutliffe , John Cutliffe, Born in the Mannor of Damage
16 17
Daniel Spencer, Biographical Materials
16 18
Samuel G. Spencer, Some Reminiscences
Books and Records
Box Volume
17 1
Diary, Rudger Remus Clawson, Summary by Rudger Clawson
17 2
Newspaper Clippings, Joseph Standing Murder
17 3
John Nicholson, The Martyrdom of Joseph Standing: or, the Murder of a Mormon Missionary. A True Story
17 4
Record Book, Poetry
17 5
Letter Press Book, Hiram B. Clawson
17 1
Letter Press Book, Clawson photocopy of book 5
18 1
Newspaper Clippings
18 2
Lydia Clawson, Scrapbook
This volume contains a book of clippings regarding polygamy, Browne's Phonographic Monthly
18 3
British Newspaper Clippings Mormon Topics
18 4
Newspaper Clippings Miscellaneous
18 1
Temple Record
Blessings, Ordinations, Prayers, Sermons
Box Folder
19 1
William J. Smith, Patriarchal Blessing of Rudger Clawson
19 2
Patriarchal Blessings
19 3-4
Miscellaneous Blessings
19 5-7
19 8-9
Appointment Blessings
19 10-11
Missionary Blessings
19 12
19 13
Dedicatory Prayers
19 14
Invocation Portland Oregon
19 15
Rudger Clawson Dedication of the Grave of Anthony W. Ivins
19 16
Funeral Sermons
Talks, Speeches, Sermons, Newspaper Clippings
Box Folder
20 1
20 2-3
Talks- England
20 4-6
20 7
Rudger Clawson Obituaries
20 8
LDS Church Clippings
20 9
Miscellaneous Clippings
21 1
Talks Notes Incomplete
21 2-3
Talks Notes
21 4-5
Talks and Addresses Notes
21 6
Articles Published
21 7
Radio Addresses
21 8-11
Talks and Addresses Notes
21 12-14
Talks and Addresses
21 15
Articles Published in Liahona and Young Woman's Journal
21 16
Letters of Condolence
This folder contains information regarding Joseph Standing's death and mentions Clawson's testimony at trail.
21 17
Diary Extract
This folder contains information concerning Heber J. Grant's mission to Japan.
22 1
Conference Talk
22 2-12
Conference Reports
Rudger Clawson, Miscellaneous Materials
Box Volume
23 1
Ready References, A Compilation of Scripture Texts
23 2
Sacred Hymns and Spiritual Songs for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
23 3
Autographed Bible signed by Hiram B. Clawson
23 1
Personal Materials Miscellaneous, 1886-1935
23 2
Brigham City Tabernacle Subscription List
23 3
Harriet Snow Estate Documents
23 4
James Nelson Funeral Transcript
23 5
Tribute, to Erastus Snow by Heber J. Grant
23 6
Organizational Document Polynesian Genealogical Association
This folder contains information on the association organization under the direction of President E. Wesley Smith.
23 7
Hawaiian Sugar Plantation
23 8
John J. McGregor Report to the First Council of Seventy
This Folder contains information concerning the division of the Ogden 76Th Quorum of Seventy.
23 9
Report, Reorganization of Financial System at the President's Office, under Administration of Presidents Lorenzo Snow and Joseph F. Smith.
23 10
Reed Smoot, Memorial Service
23 11
Letter, By Mayor to Honorable Board of [Salt Lake] City Commissioners
This folder contains a letter concerning the Rudger Clawson property.
23 12
Pamphlets, Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
23 13
LDS Church Pamphlets and Brochures
23 14
Articles Millennial Star, Relief Society Magazine, and Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine
23 15
Miscellaneous LDS Subjects
23 16
James H. Anderson, Story of the Gospel of Christmas told in the New Testament,
23 17
Heber Q. Hale, "A Heavenly Manifestation"
23 18
23 19
Journal Extract " White Horse Prophecy"
This folder contains a prophecy by Joseph Smith, related to Edward Rushton and Theodore Turley. Taken from the journal of John J. Roberts of Paradise, Utah
23 20
Article Adam, the Father of God of the Human Family
23 21
List, Names of Apostles who were not of the Twelve
23 22
Presbyterian Anti-Mormon Resolution Ten Reasons why Christians Cannot Fellowship the Mormon Church
23 23
Miscellaneous Articles
23 24
This folder contains a statement concerning the testimony of Sister Rollingson that someone who would be called as an apostle was in the branch meeting.

AddendumReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Correspondence, Writings, Certificates, Polygamy Trial Testimonies, and Case File
Box Folder
24 1-11
24 12
Clawson, Rudger Little Dick and the Giant
24 13
Clawson, Rudger The Mountain Meadows Massacre
Clawson, Rudger
24 14
Clawson, Rudger Standing upon the Threshold of the Twentieth Century
24 15
24 16
Testimony in the Clawson Trial, Clawson V.S. United States
24 17-19
Polygamy Trial Case File
Biographical Materials
Box Folder
25 1
Biographical Accounts of Rudger Clawson
25 2-4
Rudger Clawson, Seventieth Birthday Celebration
25 5-22
Rudger Clawson Autobiography
25 23
Rudger Clawson, Additions to Autobiography
Penitentiary Materials, General Materials
Box Folder
26 1-9
Penitentiary Experiences
26 10-11
Penitentiary Autograph Albums
26 12
Joseph Standing
26 13
Sermon on Joseph Standing
26 14
Typescript Diary of Samuel G. Clawson
26 15
Temple Donations, Tithing Settlement
26 16-17
Genealogical Records
26 18
Family Group Sheets
26 19
Lists of Great Grandchildren
26 20-23
Baptisms and Endowments for the Dead
26 24
Sealings for the Dead
26 25
William T. Stead
Memoriams and Funeral services, General Material
Box Folder
27 1
Solemn Assembly, Minutes of First Presidency
27 2
Lydia E.S. Spencer Clawson, Funeral Service
27 3
Funeral of Rudger Clawson
27 4
Anthon Henrik Lund-In Memoriam
27 5
Junius Free Wells-In Memoriam
27 6
In Memoriam-Emily Sophia Tanner Richards
27 7
In Memoriam-Elias Conway Ashton
27 8
Memorial to Elizabeth Claridge McCune
27 9
Richard W. Young-In Memoriam
27 10
Tributes to the Memory of Hyrum M. Smith
27 11
John Watson
27 12
New Testament, with Notes and Clippings by Rudger Clawson
General Materials
Box Folder
28 1
Blessings-Rudger Clawson
28 2
Patriarchal Blessings
28 3
Missionaries Set Apart by General Authorities
28 4
Lydia Spencer Clawson-Biography
28 5
Lydia Spencer Clawson Estate
28 6
Financial Contributions
28 7
Last will and Testament
28 8
Deed of Conveyance
28 9
Funeral Prayer
28 10
Dedication of Grave
28 11
Margaret Judd Clawson, Funeral Services
28 12
Hiram B. Clawson, Funeral Services
28 13
History of Box Elder Stake, by S. Norman Lee
28 14
Newspaper Clippings
28 15
Miscellaneous Documents
29 1
News Clippings
29 2
Book of Mormon Texts
29 3
Household Expenses
29 4
Letterpress Book
29 5
Postcards from Hell and the Netherlands
Correspondence, Speeches, Miscellaneous
Box Folder
30 1
Photo of Pearl Udall with Letter
30 2-10
30 11
Lydia Spencer Clawson, Autobiography
30 13-14
Letters of Condolences
30 15-16
Lydia C. Hoopes, In a Vacuum
30 17
Samuel G. Clawson, Diary
30 18
30 19
30 20
30 21
Radio Talks
30 22
Certificates and Forms
30 23
Rudger Clawson Miscellaneous
30 24
30 25
Salt Lake Theatre
30 26
Printed Material
30 27
Family Materials
Box Folder
30 1-19
Family Correspondence
30 20-26
Family Materials
30 27
Family Material, Receipts
30 28
Account Books, Address Books

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Latter Day Saint churches--Apostles
  • Latter Day Saint churches--Apostles--Diaries
  • Latter Day Saint churches--History--19th century
  • Latter Day Saint churches--History--20th century
  • Latter Day Saint churches--Missions--Europe
  • Latter Day Saints--Diaries
  • Latter Day Saints--Missionary experiences--Europe
  • Polygamy--Utah

Corporate Names

  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints--European Mission--Records and correspondence
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints--Finances

Form or Genre Terms

  • Autobiographies
  • Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)
  • Correspondence
  • Diaries
  • Memoirs
  • Scrapbooks