Tuttle Ranch Records, 1943-1962  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Tuttle, Clarence Ewing
Tuttle Ranch Records
1943-1962 (inclusive)
2 cubic feet, (1 document case, 2 flat boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Collection Number
Coll 242
Papers concerning the activities of the Tuttle Hereford Ranch near Prairie City, Oregon, and Clarence Ewing Tuttle.
Oregon Historical Society Research Library
1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, OR
Telephone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The area of Tuttle Ranch was on the edge of the Umatilla Reservation in the John Day Valley in Oregon, located approximately eleven miles up the John Day River from Prairie City. In 1844, during the Cayuse War, Major Henry A. G. Lee established a military outpost there which became known as Lee's Encampment. The main building on the ranch was built in 1863 during the Canyon City goldrush. Prior to it becoming Tuttle Ranch in the 1940s, the area was known for its hot springs and was called Blue Mountain Hot Springs or Blue Mountain Springs Ranch.

Clarence Ewing Tuttle was born on May 17, 1884 in Hastings, Minnesota. He was a businessman who over the course of his lifetime held many positions in various companies, mostly on the east coast. Among other things, he was president of the Pittsburgh Terminal Railroad and Coal Company from 1923-1925, vice president of Payson & Co., a New York City bank, from 1928-1935, and president of Rustless Iron and Steel corporation starting in 1930. Tuttle was also an avid horseman. He owned Double Brandy, a foal that won over $130,000 in horse races. He began breeding Hereford cattle around 1938, and bought the Blue Mountain Hot Springs ranch in 1940. The first cattle on the ranch were shipped from Tuttle's Maryland farm in 1945. With all of his business obligations, Tuttle was rarely at the ranch. Irving B. Hazeltine, the sheriff and tax collector of Grant County, oversaw the day to day activities of the ranch and corresponded regularly with Tuttle. Hazeltine died in November 1960, and Tuttle died in October 1962 in Portland, Oregon, and was buried in Baltimore, Maryland.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection concerns the activities of the Tuttle Ranch from 1943 to 1962, as well as some history of the area prior to that time. Materials include correspondence, cattle advertisements, two photographs, writings, and financial and legal records. The correspondence with Irving Hazeltine, which contains correspondence to and from both Hazeltine and Tuttle, provides a detailed account of the daily activities of the ranch. The collection includes a history of the John Day Valley by an unknown author, as well as correspondence concerning the history of the ranch itself. Contracts, agreements, leases, and correspondence, usually concerning land, comprise the legal records, while statements and ledger volumes make up the financial records.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library prior to any use of reproductions. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use of reproductions may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright holders.

Preferred Citation

Tuttle Ranch Records, Coll 242, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


The collection is arranged in two series:

  • Series A: Ranch Activities and History
  • Series B: Legal and Financial Records

Acquisition Information

Stiles T. Colwill, grandson of C. E. Tuttle, donated the collection to the Oregon Historical Society in 2007. Library Accession 27403.

Processing Note

Some documents which had been affected by mold had corners or edges removed. No information was lost in the process.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series A:  Ranch Activities and HistoryReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Irving B. Hazeltine correspondence
Contains correspondence to and from Hazeltine and Tuttle.
Cattle sales
1951, 1953
Ranch history
Also contains history of John Day Valley.
1952-1953, 1961-1962, undated
Oversize folder
Aerial photograph of ranch house

Series B:  Legal and Financial RecordsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Legal records
Blue Mountain Springs Ranch financial statements
Ledger volume: Farm and Ranch – Assets and Liabilities
Ledger volume: Ranch records

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Agriculture--Oregon--Grant County.
  • Hereford cattle--Oregon.
  • Ranching--Oregon--Grant County.

Personal Names

  • Hazeltine, Irving B.
  • Tuttle, Clarence Ewing--Archives

Corporate Names

  • Tuttle Hereford Ranch (Or.)--Archives.
  • Blue Mountain Springs Ranch (Or.)
  • Tuttle Ranch (Or.)

Family Names

  • Tuttle family

Geographical Names

  • Canyon City (Or.)
  • Grant County (Or.)
  • Prairie City (Or.)

Form or Genre Terms

  • Financial records
  • Ledgers (account books)
  • Letters (correspondence)

Other Creators

  • Corporate Names
    • Blue Mountain Hot Springs (Or.) (creator)
    Family Names
    • Hazeltine family (creator)