Lindsay Applegate papers , 1863-1891

Overview of the Collection

Applegate, Lindsay, 1808-1892
Lindsay Applegate papers
1863-1891 (inclusive)
1.5 linear feet, (6 containers)
Collection Number
Ax 004
Lindsay Applegate (1808-1892) pioneered Oregon's Applegate Trail with his brothers Charles and Jesse in 1843. Subsequently Applegate became a U.S. government agent for the Modoc and Klamath Indians. The Lindsay Applegate papers contain newspaper clippings related to the Applegate family; letters (1863-1891); and reports, vouchers and other administrative documents relating to Applegate's work as Subagent at Ft. Klamath (1866-1872).
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives
UO Libraries--SCUA
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR
Telephone: 5413463068
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Additional Reference Guides

A manuscript calendar for the letters is available in Special Collections & University Archives.

See the Current Collection Guide for detailed description and requesting options.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Lindsay Applegate was born in 1808. He married Elizabeth Miller, whose sister Melinda was married to Lindsay's older brother Charles. In 1843 Lindsay came to Oregon with Charles and their younger brother Jesse. While journeying on the Columbia River through Washington, Lindsay's young son Warren drowned after his driftwood boat capsized. The loss led the Applegates to establish the Applegate Trail, a safer, more southerly route to Oregon. In the summer of 1846, Lindsay and Jesse led the first parties of pioneers from Idaho over the trail, which crossed northern Nevada and ran up through present-day Ashland and Roseburg.

Applegate was appointed special agent for the Lakes Indians (Modoc) in 1861. In 1865, Applegate was appointed Indian subagent, responsible for treaty negotiations and other U.S. government dealings with the Klamath Indians. A war between the Modocs and the U.S. Army broke out in November 1872, just after Applegate retired from his subagent post. In January 1873, Applegate, along with several other prominent Oregon settlers, including S.A. Clark and R.H Kincaid, proposed a peace commission to stop the war's spread.

Lindsay Applegate died in 1892. He was survived by his sons Elisha, Jesse A., Oliver, Ivan, and Lucien, and his daughters Alice and Rachel. Applegate's other children Warren (who drowned in the Columbia), Theresa, Annie, Frank and Jerome died before he passed away, as did his wife Elizabeth (1816-1882).

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Lindsay Applegate papers are housed in two groups across six boxes. The first group is Letters and News Clippings, and the second is Oregon Superintendency, Klamath Agency. The first group includes news clippings related to the Applegate family, and letters dated from 1863 through 1891. The second group relates to Applegate's work as Subagent at Ft. Klamath (1866-1872), and includes reports, vouchers and other administrative documents.

Letters and Newsclippings (1863-1891) are housed in Boxes 1 and 2. The letters are dated 1863 through 1891. Major correspondents are Amos E. Rogers, John W.P. Huntington, William V. Rinehart, Cyrus W. Woodworth, Alfred B. Meacham, and Ivan D. Applegate. This series includes newsclippings relating to the Applegate family, which are housed in Box 2.

Oregon Superintendency, Klamath Agency, is housed in Boxes 2 through 6 and comprises official reports and financial documents pertaining to the Applegate's post as Subagent at Ft. Klamath (1866-1872).

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Pioneers--Oregon

Family Names

  • Applegate family

Geographical Names

  • Klamath Indian Reservation (Or.)
  • Oregon--History--Sources

Form or Genre Terms

  • Correspondence