Joaquin Miller papers , 1868-1960

Overview of the Collection

Marberry, M. Marion, 1908-; Peterson, Martin Severin, 1897-; Wagner, Harr, 1857-1936; Frost, O. W. (Orcutt William), 1926-; Klinge, Frank H.M.; Hubbard, Elbert, 1856-1915; Kreymborg, Alfred, 1883-1966; Allen, Merritt Parmelee, 1892-1954; Miller, Joaquin, 1837-1913; Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940; Miller, Pherne
Joaquin Miller papers
1868-1960 (inclusive)
5 linear feet, (5 containers)
Collection Number
Ax 864
Joaquin Miller (1837-1913) was the pen name of Cincinnatus Hiner Miller, a Northwest writer, newspaper publisher, and poet. The collection (1868-1960) contains correspondence and published works by Miller, and also material collected by Pherne Miller regarding her Uncle Joaquin, including photographs, as well as her personal papers.
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives
UO Libraries--SCUA
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR
Telephone: 5413463068
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Additional Reference Guides

Paper finding aid with additional information is available in Special Collections & University Archives.

See the Current Collection Guide for detailed description and requesting options.

Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Joaquin Miller (1837-1913) was the pen name of writer Cincinnatus Hiner Miller, born on September 8, 1837, to Quaker parents. In 1852, the family moved to Oregon, traveling overland on a three thousand mile trip that took over seven months. They settled near Eugene, Oregon where they established a home and farm. Miller later married the Oregon poet Therese Dyer.

"Miller attended Columbia College in (what was then) Eugene City from 1857 to 1858. He taught school, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1861. From 1861 to 1862 Miller rode pony express from Walla Walla to Idaho mines but he soon returned to Eugene City to become a newspaper editor. In his newspaper, The Eugene City Democratic Register, he pleaded for an end to the Civil War. The editorials were suppressed as pro-Southern in sympathy and Miller sold out, moving briefly to Port Orford on Oregon's southern coast."

"In 1864 he drove a herd of cattle across the Cascade Mountains to Canyon City where he planted the region's first orchard and served as Grant County Judge until 1870."

"Miller's work Songs of the Sierras was published in Great Britain during a visit in 1870-1871. Among his other works of poetry and prose were My Life Among the Modocs, Unwritten History, In Classic Shades, and A Royal Highway of the World."

[Source: Oregon Blue Book online]

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains material collected by Pherne Miller on her uncle, Joaquin Miller, including clippings and tear sheets, scrapbooks, photographs, and other memorabilia. The collection also includes outgoing correspondence by Joaquin Miller, and published works by him. Also available are the Pherne Miller personal papers that include correspondence, notebooks, and clippings of lectures.

Material by Joaquin Miller:

Outgoing correspondence written by Joaquin Miller (1868-1909) consists of letters to family and friends, including his sister Ella Luckey, brothers James H. Miller and George Miller, and Pherne Miller, his niece.

There are also copies of Joaquin Miller's published works, and some titles include multiple copies with different bindings. Works include Speciments; Pacific Poems; Songs of the Sierras; Songs of the Sun-Lands; Life amongst the Modocs: Unwritten History, among many others

Pherne Miller Material:

Pherne Miller correspondence is separated into outgoing (1935; 1960) and incoming letters, which are arranged alphabetically.

Other Pherne Miller material includes newsclippings, mementos, notebooks, broadside, and clippings regarding lectures by Pherne Miller on Joaquin Miller.

Material about Joaquin Miller and the Miller Family:

Material concerning Joaquin Miller that was collected by Pherne Miller includes newsclippings about his life and family, obituaries, tearsheets and clippings of articles by and about Joaquin Miller, a card index bibliography to works by and about Miller, and also a scrapbook containing sheet music and newsclippings about Miller and his daughter Juanita.

There are also published works about Joaquin Miller by athors Merritt Parmelle Allen; O. W. Frost; Hamlin Garland; Elbert Hubbard; Frank Klinge; Alfred Kreymborg; M.M. Marberry; Martin Severin Peterson; and Harr Wagner.

The collection also contains photographs of Pherne Miller, Joaquin Miller, and his parents and brothers including framed portraits, an ambrotype photograph in a gutta-perche case, tintype in velvet and leather case, and loose photographs. Photographs have been separated from the rest of the collection for preservation reasons and are stored under the call number PH030.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • American literature--Authorship
  • Authors, American--19th century
  • Authors, American--20th century
  • Authors, American--California
  • Authors, American--Oregon
  • Frontier and pioneer life--West (U.S.)
  • Poetry--Authorship
  • Poets, American--19th century
  • Poets, American--20th century
  • Poets, American--California
  • Poets, American--Oregon

Personal Names

  • Miller, Joaquin, 1837-1913
  • Miller, Juanita Joaquina, 1880-1970
  • Miller, Pherne

Family Names

  • Miller family--Correspondence
  • Miller family--Photographs

Geographical Names

  • West (U.S.)--In literature
  • West (U.S.)--Poetry

Form or Genre Terms

  • Ambrotypes
  • Clippings
  • Correspondence
  • Negatives
  • Poetry
  • Portrait photographs
  • Scrapbooks