Cliff W. Stone Papers, 1918-1947

Overview of the Collection

Stone, Cliff W.
Cliff W. Stone Papers
1918-1947 (inclusive)
5 containers., (2.5 linear feet of shelf space.), (2800 items.)
Collection Number
Cage 31
Correspondence, raw research data, statistics, and reports for the 1927-1929 Washington Education Association comparative study of rural schools. Also recommendations for students, and research notes, drafts of articles and publications in part concerned with the development of educational tests measuring arithmetical reasoning in children.
Washington State University Libraries' Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (MASC)
Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections
Terrell Library Suite 12
Pullman, WA
Telephone: 509-335-6691
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Cliff Winfield Stone was born in Wisconsin in 1874. After graduation from the State Normal School at Oshkosh, Wisconsin in 1899 he later attended Columbia University where he took the B.S. in 1904 and the Ph.D. in 1908. He served as a teacher, school principal, and director of teaching in such diverse places as Indiana, New York City, Virginia, and Iowa. During World War I Dr. Stone was a member of the American Expeditionary Force University at Beaune, France. Directly following his service in France he came to Washington State University as Professor of Education. He served in this capacity from 1920 to 1946 when he retired as Professor Emeritus of Education.

An early pioneer in testing children's arithmetical abilities, Dr. Stone published a work on this subject in 1908 which he followed several years later with a series of reasoning tests in arithmetic. The New Stone Reasoning Tests in Arithmetic (1927) was published by Columbia University's Teachers' College. His knowledge in this field served him well when he chaired the Washington Education Association's school survey of the graded school and the one-room "little red schoolhouse" which was typical in rural areas of Washington State. The study was to survey and then compare progress made by pupils of one-room schools with progress made by pupils of equal ability from graded schools. Dr. Stone completed such a study, albeit on a limited basis, in 1927 (cf. Journal of Educational Research, November, 1927). The state-wide survey he and his associates made was published as " The Subject Progress of Pupils in Different Types of Schools" in the Washington Education Journal, April 1930.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The papers of Cliff W. Stone consist of approximately 2,800 items of correspondence and research materials pertaining to his various activities while at WSU.

This collection of papers presents a researcher with raw data, statistical analysis, and reports written for a state-wide educational project completed during an era of social and economic change in the state of Washington.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

[Item Description]. Cage 31, Cliff W. Stone Papers. Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections, Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Series 1 reflects Dr. Stone's work as a college teacher, researcher into arithmetical reasoning in school children, and friend to hundreds of WSU students seeking teaching positions. Series 2 contains the specific work Dr. Stone undertook for the Washington Education Association in the late 1920s. He and several associates attempted a state-wide educational analysis of students in graded school houses as opposed to those students who were still attending the one-room school made famous as the "little red schoolhouse."

Acquisition Information

The Washington State University Library acquired the papers of Cliff W. Stone, professor of education at Washington State University, as part of a deposit of College of Education Records during the Summer of 1974.


His obituary was published in the Oct. 30, 1958 Pullman Herald.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series 1: Personal and Professional PapersReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Correspondence. This sub-series contains personal and professional correspondence relating to Stone's activities.
Box Folder
1 1
1 2
1 3
1 4
Student Recommendations: Copies of recommendations written by Stone for his students while at WSU. They are in alphabetical order.
Box Folder
1 5
2 6
2 7
2 8
Box Folder
2 9
Publications: Copies of published articles and of articles for publication.
2-3 10-12
Research Materials: Tests, test summaries, and graphs of test results pertaining to Stone's educational research.
2-3 13
Students' Research Projects: Examples of student research projects directed by Stone.

Series 2:. Washington Education Association Project Papers, 1927-1929Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box Folder
3-5 14-21
Raw Data Sheets: School survey raw data (e.g. I.Q. test results, attendance, educational costs, performances on various subject tests.)
3-5 22-23
Summaries, Reports, and Tables: Reports supporting summaries of statistical data plus graphs and tables of raw data used in compiling the final report.
3-5 24
Financial Statements, Vouchers, and Bills

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Educational tests and measurements--Research
  • Educators--Washington (State)--Correspondence
  • Rural schools--Washington (State)

Personal Names

  • Stone, Cliff Winfield, 1874- --Archives (creator)

Corporate Names

  • Washington State University. College of Education, donor. WaPS
  • Washington Education Association.