Joseph Nathan Teal papers , 1900-1926

Overview of the Collection

Elliott, Howard, 1860-1928; Teal, Joseph Nathan, 1858-1929; McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941; Chamberlain, George E. (George Earle), 1854-1928; Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924; Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946
Joseph Nathan Teal papers
1900-1926 (inclusive)
2 linear feet, (2 containers)  :  1 manuscript box, 1 flat box
Collection Number
Ax 171
Joseph Nathan Teal (1858-1929) was an Oregon rancher, lawyer, investor, and civic leader who was an advocate of waterways development, and served as U.S. Shipping Commissioner from 1920-1921. The collection (1900-1926) contains correspondence regarding railroad administration and rate making, the single-tax movement, copies of letters by President Woodrow Wilson, and also information and photographs of Celio Canal construction.
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives
UO Libraries--SCUA
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR
Telephone: 5413463068
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

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Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Historical NoteReturn to Top

Joseph Nathan Teal (1858-1929) was born in Eugene, Oregon. He became a cattle and sheep rancher in eastern Oregon. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1884.

Teal operated a law office out of Portland. He specialized in railroad rate matters, and was a strong advocate of waterways development. In 1920-1921, he served as U.S. Shipping Commissioner.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection (1900-1926) contains correspondence regarding railroad administration and rate making, the single-tax movement, copies of letters by President Woodrow Wilson, and also information and photographs of the Celio Canal construction.

The collection is roughly organized by subject.

(1) Correspondence with William G. McAdoo, George E. Chamberlain, and others concerning appointment of Teal on U. S. Railroad Administration, and McAdoo as a presidential possibility, 1918-1920.

(2) Correspondence, documents, and pamphlets on railroad rate making, relevant to Teal's pamphlet, "The Future Course of Rate Making," (Eugene, Oregon, 1918). The correspondence is with Howard Elliott, president of the Northern Pacific Railway company, J. G. Woodworth, U. S. Railroad Commission, and others, 1918-1920.

(3) Letters, clippings, documents, and broadsides on the single-tax movement in Oregon, 1911-1912. Includes copy of Oregon Equal Taxer (Portland, June 11, 1912) and vol. 1, nos. 3, 4, 5 of Single Tax Broacher (Portland, May 10, September, October 1912).

In the Miscellany file are documents related to creation of the Portland Fly Casting Club, correspondence about the Columbia River with Andrew Weiss, Gifford Pinchot, and copies of White House correspondence from Woodrow Wilson.

There is also a volume of photographs of Celilo Canal construction and operation, presented to Teal by Jay Morrow, Lt. Col., Engineers, 1915.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Canals--Columbia River
  • Canals--Oregon--Dalles
  • Lawyers--Oregon--Portland
  • Railroad law--Oregon
  • Railroad law--United States
  • Railroads and state--United States
  • Railroads--Freight--Rates--United States
  • Railroads--Oregon--History--20th century
  • Railroads--United States--History--20th century
  • Single tax
  • Taxation--Oregon--Public opinion

Personal Names

  • Chamberlain, George E. (George Earle), 1854-1928
  • McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941
  • Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946
  • Teal, Joseph Nathan, 1858-1929
  • Teal, Joseph Nathan, 1858-1929
  • Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924

Corporate Names

  • United States Railroad Administration

Geographical Names

  • Celilo Canal (Or.)--Photographs

Form or Genre Terms

  • Correspondence
  • Photographs