Camp Waldport records, 1943-1945  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Civilian Public Service. Camp #56 (Waldport, Or.)
Title
Camp Waldport records
Dates
1943-1945 (inclusive)
Quantity
4.5 linear feet, (9 containers)
Collection Number
Bx 034
Summary
Camp Waldport, or Civilian Public Service (CPS) Camp No. 56, was a conscientious objector camp in Oregon during WWII, and was home to the Fine Arts Group. Among Camp Waldport's interns were several poets and artists who are considered to have contributed to the Beat Movement and the "San Francisco Renaissance" of the 1950s and 60s, including Adrian Wilson, Kermit Sheets, painter Morris Graves, and poets William Everson and Glen Coffield. The camp's press, the Untide Press, published volumes of poetry by Glen Coffield, William Everson, Kenneth Patchen, Bill Shank, and Jacob Sloan. The Illiterati, a periodical published out of the nearby Cascade Locks CPS camp, published and supported the work of the Fine Arts Group at Waldport, along with the writing of Kenneth Patchen, Kenneth Rexroth, Henry Miller, and others.Included in the Camp Waldport collection are records and publication of the Untide Press, a camp project that published volumes of poetry by Glen Coffield, William Everson, Kenneth Patchen, Bill Shank, and Jacob Sloan. Also included are copies of The Tide (a Camp Waldport newsletter) and The Illiterati (a fine arts publication of the camp at Cascade Locks); letters; Brethren Public Service Committee bulletins and memos; copies of various publications from other C.P.S. Camps, such as the ones at Cascade Locks and Elkton; and miscellany.
Repository
University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives.
UO Libraries--SCUA
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR
97403-1299
Telephone: 541-346-3068
spcarref@uoregon.edu
Access Restrictions

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Additional Reference Guides

See the Current Collection Guide for detailed description and requesting options.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Camp Waldport, or Civilian Public Service (CPS) Camp No. 56, was one of three conscientious objector camps in Oregon during WWII. Home to the Fine Arts Group, it was established in 1942 and administered by the Civilian Public Service of the Mennonite Central Committee (most of the CPS camps were run by the "historic peace churches": Mennonite, Brethren, and Quaker). The main work of the Camp Waldport interns was the reforestation of Blodgett Peak Burn, a forest that had been heavily logged during the first World War and that had suffered devastating wildfires after the war. The work was often dangerous; five men died during the three years the camp was in operation (compared with a total of nineteen deaths throughout the entire camp system). Of all the camps in the system, Waldport was the only one located within the coastal zone blackout.

Among Camp Waldport's interns were several poets and artists who are widely considered to have contributed to the Beat Movement and the "San Francisco Renaissance" of the 1950s and 60s. Celebrated "campers" include Adrian Wilson, author of The Design of Books; Kermit Sheets, founder of the theater group Interplayers; painter Morris Graves; and poets William Everson and Glen Coffield. The camp's official newsletter was The Tide, but the interns founded their own press, the Untide Press, which published volumes of poetry by Glen Coffield, William Everson, Kenneth Patchen, Bill Shank, and Jacob Sloan. The Untide's first book was Everson's X War Elegies (additional material about the Untide Press resides in Special Collections Manuscripts, SFM 105). The Illiterati, a periodical published out of the Cascade Locks CPS camp, published and supported the work of the Fine Arts Group at Waldport, along with the writing of Kenneth Patchen, Kenneth Rexroth, Henry Miller, and others.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Included in the Camp Waldport collection are records and publication of the Untide Press, a camp project that published volumes of poetry by Glen Coffield, William Everson, Kenneth Patchen, Bill Shank, and Jacob Sloan. Also included are copies of The Tide (a Camp Waldport newsletter) and The Illiterati (a fine arts publication of the camp at Cascade Locks); letters; Brethren Public Service Committee bulletins and memos; copies of various publications from other C.P.S. Camps, such as the ones at Cascade Locks and Elkton; and miscellany.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Arts--Oregon--Waldport--Periodicals
  • World War, 1939-1945--Conscientious objectors--Oregon--Waldport--Waldport

Personal Names

  • Coffield, Glen, 1917-1981
  • Everson, William, 1912-1994
  • Graves, Morris, 1910-2001
  • Patchen, Kenneth, 1911-1972
  • Sheets, Kermit
  • Sloan, Jacob
  • Wilson, Adrian

Corporate Names

  • Brethren Service Committee
  • Civilian Public Service
  • Civilian Public Service. Camp #56 (Waldport, Or.)
  • Untide Press