Archives West Finding Aid
Table of Contents
Civilian Exclusion Order posters, 1942
- Civilian Exclusion Order posters
- 0.04 linear feet, (2 posters, 22" x 14")
- Collection Number
- Civilian exclusion order notices were posted in highly visible spots within designated exclusion areas to notify Japanese Americans of their impending removal and incarceration by the United States government during World War II. This collection contains two examples of civilian exclusion order notices titled "Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry."
University of Puget Sound, Archives & Special Collections
Collins Memorial Library
1500 N. Warner St.
Historical NoteReturn to Top
Executive Order 9066, signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, authorized what was to become the forced removal and incarceration of all Japanese Americans on the West Coast. After the executive order was issued, General John L. DeWitt, head of the Western Defense Command, designated certain "military areas" on the West Coast from which Japanese Americans would be excluded. Members of the Japanese American community were encouraged to move out of these areas voluntarily, but this did not happen. Consequently, General DeWitt organized the forced removal, or exclusion, of all persons of Japanese ancestry from these military areas, which included California, Washington, Oregon, and parts of Arizona.
General DeWitt issued a total of 108 civilian exclusion orders over a period of five months, from late March to August 1942. The exclusion orders were issued sequentially, with areas deemed most sensitive militarily given the highest priority. Exclusion Order No. 1 was issued on March 24, 1942, and targeted Bainbridge Island in Washington State. Exclusion order notices, titled "Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry," were posted in highly visible spots within the exclusion areas to notify Japanese Americans of their impending removal and incarceration by the United States government. They were given one week to prepare for their departure and were instructed to bring with them only what they could carry. On the day of removal, Japanese Americans were transported first to assembly centers and from there on to incarceration camps.
By August 18, 1942, the forced removal was complete and some 110,000 Japanese Americans had been moved to incarceration camps where they would remain for the duration of World War II.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
This folder contains two examples of civilian exclusion order notices titled "Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry." They are both single sheet posters measuring 22" x 14" containing similar instructions for the removal process, although the dates and locations are different. The first poster, Exclusion Order No. 58, is dated May 10, 1942, and pertains to Japanese Americans living in Pierce County, Washington. The second poster, Exclusion Order No. 90, is dated May 23, 1942, and relates to Japanese Americans living in Whatcom, Skagit, Snohomish, and San Juan counties in Washington.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945