Martha Edgerton Plassmann papers, 1863-1939

Overview of the Collection

Plassmann, Martha Edgerton, 1850-1936
Martha Edgerton Plassmann papers
1863-1939 (inclusive)
3 linear feet of shelf space
Collection Number
MC 78 (collection)
Martha Plassmann (1850-1936) was a Montana pioneer, historian, and journalist. Collection consists of her autobiography and over 500 historical articles written for the Great Falls Tribune and the Montana News Association during the 1920s and 1930s. The articles, based on her own memories and on research, cover a wide range of topics, especially fur trappers, explorers, and vigilantes.
Montana Historical Society, Library & Archives
Montana Historical Society Research Center Archives
225 North Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT
Telephone: 4064442681
Fax: 4064445297
Access Restrictions

Collection open for research.

Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Martha Edgerton was born May 14, 1850, on her grandparent's farm in Tallmadge, Ohio, the first child of Sidney and Mary Wright Edgerton. When the Civil War broke out, Sidney Edgerton was a Republican Congressman from Akron, Ohio. In 1863 President Lincoln appointed him Chief Justice for the new Territory of Idaho. Unable to reach the territorial capital in Lewiston due to the approach of winter, the Edgertons turned north to Bannack, still part of Idaho Territory. He was chosen by the people of eastern Idaho to go to Washington, D.C. to work for the creation of a Montana Territory. He returned to Washington and was successful in his efforts. The Territory of Montana was created on May 26, 1864, and Edgerton was appointed its first governor on June 22. In September 1865, Edgerton returned to Washington, D.C., on territorial business and, believing that his children needed better schooling than was available in Bannack, took the family with him. However, as he had failed to obtain the proper authorization for his departure, he was forced to resign as governor. The family re-settled in Akron, Ohio, where Edgerton resumed his law practice. Martha Edgerton enrolled at Oberlin College to study music, but withdrew from school because of eye strain. In 1873 she traveled back to Montana to visit her cousin Wilbur Fisk Sanders in Helena. Later she returned to Ohio and found employment as a vocal music and piano teacher at the State Institute for the Blind in Columbus. In August 1876, she married fellow teacher Herbert Percy Rolfe. Through the efforts of Wilbur F. Sanders, Rolfe was appointed principal of Helena schools. The Rolfes moved to Helena, where Herbert, in addition to his school principalship, studied law in night school. After Rolfe passed the bar, in 1881, he established his practice in Fort Benton. Rolfe met Paris Gibson, the founder of Great Falls, and helped him survey streets and blocks for the proposed town. He took one lot for himself and moved his growing family to the site and became editor of the Great Falls Leader, the newspaper of the Republican Party in the area. In 1895 Herbert died and Martha assumed the editorship of the paper, in spite of the Republican Party's opposition. Mrs. Rolfe successfully operated the newspaper for a year. In October 1895, Martha married her business manager Theodore Plassmann, who convinced her to sell the paper. In September, 1896, she was widowed again. Martha undertook a series of business ventures, including life insurance sales, poetry writing, and cattle ranching, though none very successfully. She moved frequently during the following years, living with each of her seven children in turn. Mrs. Plassmann became a socialist. She wrote socialist articles for the Missoulian, assisted in the election of Lewis Duncan as mayor of Butte, and participated in a minor way in the Missoula IWW free speech fight. In the 1920s Mrs. Plassmann began writing historical articles for the Great Falls Tribune and the Montana News Association, basing many upon her own experiences and memories augmented by formal research. Martha Edgerton Rolfe Plassmann died on September 25, 1936, in Great Falls, at the age of 86.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Martha Edgerton Rolfe Plassmann Papers consist almost exclusively of the writings of Mrs. Plassmann. There are, however, also typescript copies of letters from Mary Edgerton to Martha (1863-1865); incoming and outgoing letters of reminiscence and historical research; and correspondence reflecting Mrs. Plassmann's interest in the welfare of Montana's Indian population. There are also typescript copies of letters (1863) from Mrs. Sidney Edgerton to her mother. There are manuscripts of two major works. The first of these is an autobiography ("Judge Edgerton's Daughter") which includes a detailed description of her trip across the Great Plains in 1863 by ox team. The second ("Lost with Lewis and Clark: A Mystery Solved") is a study of the exact route of the Lewis and Clark Expedition on September 4-5, 1805, in the region of present-day Gibbon Pass. In addition there are a total of over 500 articles on a wide variety of topics. The largest percentage deal with trappers, explorers, pioneers, and vigilantes.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of the Montana Historical Society. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all materials in the collection. In some cases permission for use may require additional authorization from the copyright owners. For more information contact an archivist.

Preferred Citation

Item description and date. Collection Title. Collection Number. Box and Folder numbers. Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives, Helena, Montana.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Arranged by series

Location of Collection


Acquisition Information

Acquisition information available upon request

Related Materials

Writings by Martha Plassmann can be located in MC 429, J.K. Standish papers.

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

Incoming Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
1 / 1
Mary Edgerton [typescript copies]
1 / 2
Miscellaneous (correspondents include Walter Williams; Laura Howey)
1895, 1904
1 / 3
Miscellaneous (correspondents include Great Falls Leader; James Chamberlin; Wyoming Historical Department; Mountain Chief; James Spray; Thompson C. Elliott; Elmer Burroughs; Moses Morris; Sister Angela Lincoln; L.V. McWhorter)
1 / 4
Miscellaneous (correspondents include Mrs. W.N. Bichler; Paul C. Phillips; Forrest R. Stone; Sidney M. Logan; L.A. Huffman; Olive B. Gaffney; George McCone; W.M. Davidson; Josephine S. Stickelberger; Mrs. J.L. McComber)
1 / 5
Miscellaneous (correspondents include Lew L. Callaway; Paul C. Phillips; E.E. Gallogly; Duncan MacDonald; L.A. Huffman; T.C. Elliott; S.E. Darroch; Mabel Myers; W.A. Allen)
1 / 6
Miscellaneous (correspondents include W.C. Whipps; C.O. Marcyes; T.C. Elliott; O.E. Wolcott; David Hilger; Paul C. Phillips)
1 / 7
Miscellaneous (correspondents include Wilbur E. Sanders; Hoffman Birney; David Hilger; Louis Sanders; Paul C. Phillips; F.E. Thieme; David R. McGinnis; R.S. Ellison; Augusta Trask)
1 / 8
Miscellaneous (correspondents include David R. McGinnis; Augusta Trask; James E. Murray; T.C. Elliott)

Miscellaneous Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
1 / 9
Mary Edgerton to "Mother" [typescript copies]; "Dear Friends" from "Lucia" [Darling] [typescript copy]
1863, 1865
1 / 10
Sidney Edgerton to Wilbur F. Sanders

Writings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
1 / 11-13
"Judge Edgerton's Daughter" [autobiography]
1 / 14
"Lost with Lewis and Clark"
1 / 15-17
"Lost with Lewis and Clark" [revised versions; fragments]
1 / 18
"Lost with Lewis and Clark" [maps: Lewis and Clark encampments, September 2-5, 1805]
2 / 1
"The Missouri" [poem]
2 / 2
"Why Edgerton County was Renamed" "On the Formation of Montana" "An Indian Episode" (re peace parley at Bannack) "A Hero of the Revolution" (re Nathan Hale) "Other Roadagents" (re Ned Ray and John Wagner) "Pioneer Sunday Observance"
2 / 3
"Life in Bannack City" "Colter Falls" "Concerning the Crows" "Early Schools of Montana" "Fort McKenzie" "In 1862-1863" (re vigilantes) "The Ives Trial" "Montana" (re First legislative Assembly)
March 1924
2 / 4
"Before the Roadagents" (re Alexander Harvey) "Hugh Glass" (trapper and member of Henry party) "In 1873" (re Missouri River steamboat journey with Captain LaBarge) "Mike Fink" "Of Pioneer Days" (re pioneer dress) "Smuggling Liquor" (re illegal trade with Indians) "Vanderburgh" (re W.H. Vanderburgh and fur trade)
April 1924
2 / 5
"Journey to Ft. Benton" (re 1879 trip from Helena) "Second Montana Pioneer Stage" (re Bannack) "Small Pox among the Indians"
May 1924
2 / 6
"Down the Missouri in '81" (re steamer Far West) "The Far West" "Fort William" "In 1876" (re Mormon religion in Utah) "The Piegan War" "Stage Coach Days" "A Stage Ride in '76" (re Franklin, Utah, to Helena)
June 1924
2 / 7
"Broadwater Group of Mines" "The Covered Wagon" "News of Lincoln's Death" "Sergeant Ordway's Journal" (re John Ordway) "Summary Vengeance" (re murder of Mrs. Armstrong) "To the Missouri in 1863" (Ohio to Omaha)
July 1924
2 / 8
"Corn" "Oregon Country" [incomplete] "Missions: DeSmet, Ravalli, etc." "St. Mary's Mission, Father De Smet, etc." "Travel in Fur Country" "Samuel Hearne" (re Hudson's Bay Company search for copper, 1760)
September-October 1924
2 / 9
Untitled (re Father De Smet) [incomplete] Untitled (re Indian warfare on Bozeman Trail)
November 1924
2 / 10
"Alexander Henry" "The Army in the Northwest" "Buffalo" "Pioneer Life"
December 1924
2 / 11
"Adventures of Capt. Ezekial Williams" "Connor Expedition" "Early Days on the Yellowstone" "1865 on the Yellowstone" "An Indian Romance" "An Old Story" (re David Coyner's The Lost Trapper) "The Lost Trappers" (re Ezekial Williams, incomplete) "The Rosebud Expedition" "The Second Year" (re Great Falls, 1884-1885) "Some Incidents of the Cree Rebellion"
January 1925
2 / 12
"Capt. Williams Trip" (re Ezekial Williams) [incomplete] "Fort Vancouver" "Lost in the Wilderness" (re Ross Cox) "A Pioneer Road Builder" (re Warren C. Gillette) "Snakes"
February 1925
2 / 13
"Trouble with Indians" (re Mrs. F.W. Sewell) "It Happened in Montana" (re kidnapping incident) "James Austin" (wagon driver)
April, July 1925
2 / 14
"Marias Pass" (re 1863 journey) [incomplete] "John F. Stevens" "A Voice from the Past" (re Lemuel E. Quigg) "Beet Sugar Factory" (re Utah-Idaho Sugar Co. plant in Chinook)
August 1925
2 / 15
"Antelope" "The Baker Massacre"
September 1925
2 / 16
"Rocky Boy Mission" "Who Killed Vanderburgh?" (re Henry Vanderburgh) "The Bean in the Eye" (re loss of Indian land) "Browning" "Hospital" (re Browning hospital) "Browning School" "Captain Bonneville" "Indian Names" "Reminiscent" (re her early days in Montana)
October 1925
2 / 17
"Battle of the Washita" (re autobiography of Tahan) "James Bridger" "John Clarke" "Kosato" (re Blackfeet member of Nez Perce tribe) "Story of Rain-in-the-Face" "With Bonneville" (re Benjamin L.E. Bonneville)
November 1925
2 / 18
"How Two Medicine Was Named" (re Glacier Park) "Of the Missouri" (history of travel on the river) "Pioneer Amusements" "Pioneer Dress" "St. Paul's Mission" "Sketch of a Pioneer" (re James W. Brown) "Wyeth" (re Nathaniel J. Wyeth) "Indian Children's Games"
December 1925
2 / 19
"Daily Life on the Plains" "The Dispossession of a People" (re removal of Indians from their lands) "Early Communication between East and West" "A Guide's Story" (re Glacier National Park area) "Indian and Japanese" (re ethnic connection) "Memories of the U.P." (re Union Pacific Railroad) "More about the Blackfeet" "St. Peter's" (re Blackfeet mission)
January 1926
2 / 20
"Another Guide Story: Legend of Two Medicine" "An Indian Duel" "Malcolm Clarke" [incomplete] "Meriwether Lewis"
February 1926
2 / 21
"Albert Gallatin" "Audubon" (re John James Audubon) "Buffalo Hunt at Ft. Union" "Disputed Points" (re Battle of the Bear Paws) "Educational" (re Easterners' view of the West) "Gallatin's Later Life" (re Albert Gallatin) "Land" (re how title to land was secured) "Lander's Cut-Off" (re pioneer road through Wyoming) "Pioneer Rapid Transit" (re stagecoaches) "The Third Stage" (re Montana's cowboy period)
March 1926
2 / 22
"Explanatory" (re contention that there were Mormons with Edgerton wagon train) "Explanatory" (re claim that early Montana officials were not carpetbaggers) "James Madison" "A Mooted Question" (re civilizing Indians) "Roads" (re development of public roads in U.S.) "Thomas Jefferson"
April 1926
2 / 23
"Enter, the Princess" (re Blackfeet delegate to national women's conference) "First Train into Montana" "Havre to Great Falls" "Mad Wolves" "Mysterious Bookkeeper" (re Englishman in Ft. Benton)
May 1926
2 / 24
"A Close Call: True Western Story" (re incident with Piegans) "Richard Sandoval" [also spelled Sanderville] "A River Journey" (re Prince Maximilian) "Up the River" (re Prince Maximilian)
June 1926
2 / 25
"First Road on the [Blackfeet] Reservation" "George A. Bruffey" "The Giant Spring" (re Great Falls) "Our Women" (re Mrs. Rose P. Beall) "Trouble with Blackfeet"
July 1926
2 / 26
"Corn" "Corn Storage and Trade among Indians" "More about Corn" "A Pioneer's Story" (re Edward Ryan)
August 1926
2 / 27
"First Cabin in Montana" "John Harris" "A Picture History" (re Kiowas and Comanches) "Trade with Indians"
September 1926
2 / 28
"Fort Clagett" "Kicking Bird" (re Kiowa origins in Montana) "Our Women" (re Adele Jacobs) "Our Women" (re Elizabeth Ireland) "A Trapper's Romance" (re Baptiste Brown of Brown's Hole) "The Treasure State"
October 1926
2 / 29
"Beaver" "Custer" (re George Armstrong Custer) "George W. Cower: a Pioneer of 1864" "Romance of Joe Meek" "Umentucker" (re fur trade rivalry)
November 1926
2 / 30
"Christmas in the Northwest" "New Years" "Kiowas" (re Montana origins) "Fifty Years Ago" (re Helena in 1876)
December 1926; 1926
3 / 1
"Again 'Yellowstone' Kelly" (re Luther Sage Kelly) "An Amusing Incident" (re Meek/Bridger/Indians) "Indians and Religion" "The Killing of Owen McKenzie" "More Kelly Incidents" (re Yellowstone Kelly) [incomplete] "Trappers and Religion" "When Settlers Came"
January 1927
3 / 2
"Timber Wolves" "A Young Pioneer" (re Wright Prescott)
February-March 1927
3 / 3
"Catlin's Indian Pictures" (re George Catlin) "Conditions at Rocky Boy Agency" "George Catlin" "Wi-jun-jon" (re Pigeon Egg Head, Assiniboine)
April 1927
3 / 4
"The Great Medicine Road" (re Oregon Trail) "The Lost Command" (re Major Frank North) "Music and Health" "Mystery Story" (re tepee rings) "Our Women" (re Eleanor Brennan Plummer)
May 1927
3 / 5
"The Absaroka Masque" (re Indian pageant in Bozeman) "Of Our Early History" (re Thomas F. Meagher and vigilantes)
June 1927
3 / 6
"The Civil War in Montana" "Fur Trading Days" "History of the West" "How It Chanced" (re Sidney Edgerton and John Brown) "How It Happened" (re appointment of Governor Edgerton) "Mother Amadeus" (re Ursuline mission, Northern Cheyenne Reservation) "Other Missions" (re Mother Amadeus at St. Peter's) "A Pioneer woman" (re Mrs. E.A. Maynard of Bozeman) "Professor Dimsdale" (re Thomas J. Dimsdale) "Woman Missionary" (re Mother Amadeus)
July 1927
3 / 7
"Col. Rogers" (re Edgerton County becoming Lewis and Clark county) "Montana's First Prize Fight, 1864" "Pioneering" "William Anderson: Trip West"
August 1927
3 / 8
"Castle" (re ghost town on Allabaugh Creek) "Incidents of First Legislature" "Montana Gems" (re sapphires, etc.) "Petroglyphs" "The Range"
September 1927
3 / 9
"A Fighting Parson" (re Dr. Thomas Corwin Iliff) "Indian Customs" "Indian Ways" "More about Petroglyphs"
October 1927
3 / 10
"Early Holidays" "From 'Post'" (re Virginia City's Montana Post) "Incidents of Sully Expedition" (re Captain Fielding, topographical engineer) "John Brown of the Half-Breeds" (re Louis Riel) "Landers Cut-Off" (re pioneer trail through Wyoming)
November 1927
3 / 11
"The Duel in Montana" "Glimpses of Early Days" "Indian Trouble on the Yellowstone" "Mines, etc." "Fort Shaw"
December 1927, 1927
3 / 12
"Indian Chronology" "Winter Counts" (re Indian chronology)
January 1928
3 / 13
"Concerning Montana Weather" "Historical Accuracy" "Life at Fort Shaw" "Montana in 1869" "A Newspaper of 1875: Helena Herald"
February 1928
3 / 14
"Banks and Substitutes" "The Boundary Line" (re Montana and Canada border) "Ethnology" "From Wisconsin" (re work of unknown western artist at Wisconsin Historical Society) "Historical Errors" "Incident of Constitutional Convention" (re woman suffrage) "Joseph Wall: Indian Fighter" "Meriwether Lewis" "Montana, 1869" "Reminiscent" (re women's role)
March 1928
3 / 15
"Algonquins" "The Pig Year" (re Pig War on Vancouver Island) "Fight on Sun River" (between Piegans and Crows) "Montana Historical Society" "Pioneer of '64" (re Sipes' trip to Montana) "Red Fox" (re Blackfeet criticism of whites) "Thomas Hart Benton"
April 1928
3 / 16
"Alfred M. Esler" "Daniels Case" (re murder of Mrs. Gartley) "Fourth in Helena, 1865" "The Fourth in Virginia City, 1865" "From Salt Lake" (re Mormon customs) "Governor Stevens" "Joseph LaBarge" (re Missouri River steamboat captain) "The Last Lap, 1865" (re return journey east) "Salt Lake" (re Mormon customs)
May 1928
3 / 17
"Brooke's Letter: the Pony Express" "Major Brooke's Story" "Maj. E.G. Brooke" "Perry McAdow"
June 1928
3 / 18
"Baptiste Charbonneau" (re Lewis and Clark interpreter) "F.F. Gerard" (re Francois Gerard, fur trader) "Fur Trading Posts" "Maj. Andrew Henry" "Mrs. Parkinson's Story" (re journey to Montana, 1864)
July 1928
3 / 19
"The Big Nugget" "Farmer Peel" (obituary of Langston Peel) "Plummer's Birthplace"
August 1928
3 / 20
"How the Piegans Moved Camp" "Rattlesnake Remedies" "Pioneer of 1861 (re Francis Goss)
October-December 1928
3 / 21
[Untitled] (re gardens) "Johnston" (re settlement across river from Great Falls) "Montana's First Divorce" "The Musselshell" "Nat Stein" (re Virginia City businessman) "Steamboating on the Missouri" "The White Buffalo Robe"
January 1929
3 / 22
"Concerning Newspapers" "The Fate of Cheek" (re Tennessean with Manual Lisa) "The Genesis of Great Falls" [two versions] "William W. McCall"
February 1929
3 / 23
"Governor Smith's Message" "The Grizzly Bear" "Kenneth McKenzie" "More about Riel" (re Louis Riel and the Metis rebellion) "Vigilante" (re Hoffman Birney's Saturday Evening Post series)
March 1929
3 / 24
"Bozeman's Death" (re John M. Bozeman) "Thomas Cover"
April 1929
3 / 25
"Annals of a Trapper" (re 1836 journal of unidentified trapper) "Captain Jack Crawford" "A Holdup" "A Narrow Escape" (re Jim Bridger) "Prince Maximilian"
May 1929
3 / 26
"Comanche" (re horse that survived Little Big Horn) "Cook's Story" (re Joseph Cook and Black Hills gold) "First Trials in Munson's Court" (re Helena, 1865) "Freighting" "Great Falls in the Making" [seven versions] "It Happened in Alder Gulch" "Judge Munson" (re L.E. Munson) "Montanans in Black Hills"
June 1929
3 / 27
"Carson Fights Blackfeet" (re Kit Carson in Montana) "Freighting Outfit" "Story of Cutler" (re Missouri River steamboat) "Their Origin" (re origins of Indians) "Wolfers" (re Jeff Thompson, William Castro, Owen Mason)
July 1929
3 / 28
"A Bridger Story" "Culled from a Journal" (re Henry Buck journal) "Flatboating" (re Chief Joseph's trip down Missouri) "Ft. Fizzle" (re Nez Perce flight, 1877) "Fred G. Bond" (re "Flatboating on the Yellowstone") "From a Journal" (re James H. Morley description of 1862 Gold Creek camp) "Kinnikinick" "Plummer's Marriage" "The Story of W.R. Ralston a True Pioneer" "A Talk with Duncan MacDonald" "Told Again" (re killing of Malcolm Clarke and the Baker Massacre)
August 1929
3 / 29
"Black Beaver" (re Captain Randolph B. Marcy) "Frederick West Lander" "Lander's Cut-Off" (re pioneer trail through Wyoming) "Piegan Name of the Great Falls" "Our Women"
September 1929
3 / 30
"Con Orem" (re first prize fight in Montana Territory) "Counties" (re first Montana counties) "Dr. Kimball" (re Yellowstone Expedition army doctor) "End of Flatboat Journey (re Fred Bond's "Flatboating on the Missouri" 2 versions) "Ghost Mining Camp" (ghost story from Little Rockies) "Heavenly Fireworks" (re 1865 meteor shower) "Jedediah Smith" "Old Chief Joseph" "The Story of W.R. Ralston, a True Pioneer" "When the Crees Went Home" (re aftermath of Riel rebellion)
October 1929
3 / 31
"Border Horse Thieves" "Cataldo Mission" (Idaho) "Clan MacDonald" "Death of Rose" (re Edward Rose, interpreter) "First Newspaper" "More about David Thompson" "A Pony Express Rider" "Utmost Source of the Missouri"
November 1929
3 / 32
"Captured by Indians" "Creation According to Blackfeet" "The Day After" (re Vigilantes) "Factors in the Development of the Northwest" "The Horse in the Northwest" "S. Hughes' Adventure" "The Cache" "Crees in Montana"
December 1929, 1929
4 / 1
"Glance at our Past" (re James Kipp) "Buffalo Hunting in 1881" "Historic Relic" (re Montana Historical Society) "Medicine Lodge" (re origin of Blackfeet medicine lodges) "Missionaries in the Northwest" "Montana 'Carpetbag' Officials" (re Governor Edgerton) "Napi's Part in Creation" "When Authorities Clashed" (re civil vs. military authorities in Washington Territory) "Wrecks on Missouri"
January 1930
4 / 2
"Buried Treasure" (re caches) "Father De Smet" "Incident of 1875" (re General Gibbon) "Ingenuity of Indians" "Visit to a Stamp Mill"
February 1930
4 / 3
"The Bad Lands" "From 'Covered Wagon Days' by Arthur Jerome Dickson" "Ghost Towns" "The Inland Empire" (re Spokane, Washington) "Louisiana Purchase" "More Lost Treasure" "The Mullan Road" "A Pioneer Minister" "The Story of a County" (re Missoula County) "Territorial Difficulties" "Told Again" (re Little Big Horn) "Trappers and Traders" "Trials of Stockmen" "Wild Bill" (re William Hickok)
March 1930
4 / 4
"Alexander Harvey" "Army Discipline in Northwest" "Blackfeet" "Fiske Expedition of 1862" (re James Liberty Fisk) "Great Falls in the Making" "Lewis and Clark as Doctors" "The Post Scout" "Tribal Names" "While Montana Was Nebraska" (re Augustus Myers)
April 1930
4 / 5
"Concerning the Missouri" "Fiske Expedition of 1863" (re James Liberty Fisk) "From a River Captain's Log Book" (re steamer Bertha) "How We Came Here" "Log Book Gleanings" (re steamer Robert Campbell, Jr.; 2 parts) "Of Custer's Boyhood" "Retrospect--Summer" (re Bannack) "Retrospect--Winter" (re Bannack) "River Episodes" "With the Benton--1865"
May 1930
4 / 6
"A Fight for Life" (re fur post on Musselshell River) "The Guide's Story" (re Glacier Park region) "He Got What He Wanted" (re search for pig at Fort Benton) "John S. Collins" "The Medicine Pipe" "Montana-Dakota Boundary" "Our Debt to Manuel Lisa" "Sun River Valley"
June 1930
4 / 7
"Another Biedler Story" (re Nez Perce War) "Conservation" "How It Chanced" (re Jim Beckwourth, black fur trapper) "The Lost Mine" (re Reyes Mine, near Musselshell) "Mullan Report" (re John Mullan and Mullan Pass) "Railroad Route" "Scouts" "Water Witching" "X. Biedler" (re Nez Perce War)
July 1930
4 / 8
"An Explanation" (re tepee rings) "A Press made Scout" (re William "Buffalo Bill" Cody) "Thomas Fitzpatrick" (trapper) "The U.P.R.R." (re Union Pacific Railroad) "Western Scouts" "What Became of Mrs. Plummer?" "The Custer Battle"
August - September 1930
4 / 9
"A Genuine Hold-Up" "The Flag in Montana"
April, June 1931
4 / 10
"A Boy Who Made Good" (re Jack Crawford) "Jack Crawford: The Poet Scout" "A Wandering Tribe" (re Kiowas) "New Light on the Custer Battle"
4 / 11
"Northwest's Contribution to Opening of Japan" "Upper Bitter Root Valley" "Advent of the Northern Pacific" (incomplete) "How Ft. Benton Came To Be" "The Northern Pacific Moves On"
4 / 12
"A Backward Glance" (re Vigilantes) "Life of William Burk, as told to Arthur Brown" "What William Burk Told Arthur Brown" "Of Montana's Past" "History As It Is Written" "That Affair on the Marias" (re Baker Massacre) "Neihart Canyon Celebrates the Fourth" "Montana Yule-tides" (incomplete, re Christmas)
4 / 13
"The Story of a Woman Pioneer" (re Augusta Trask) "Woman Suffrage in Montana" "Prospecting in the Sixties" "Adventures in Geyserland" (re Nez Perce in Yellowstone) "Concerning the Crows" "Historic Landmarks" "Told Again" (re Piegans vs. Bannocks) "Richard Sandoval" (also spelled Sanderville) "115 Miles for Dinner" (re picnics) "Christmas" (re Bannack)
4 / 14
"Along the Missouri [River] in 1847" "Thomas Moran" (re artist)
4 / 15
"Address over Radio" (re Vigilantes) "An Adventure" (re James Audubon) "Another Pathfinder" (re Peter Skene Ogden) "An Appreciation" (re Wilbur Fisk Sanders (2 versions) "Armstrong Murder" (re Sun River region, incomplete) "Arthur McCarty, Pioneer"
4 / 16
"Beaver" "Beer Episode" "The Best Weapon" (re Myra Richman and Indians) "A Bit of Montana History" (re Isadore Sandoval) "A Bit of Romance" (re Indian love stories) "A Blackfoot Initiation" (incomplete) "A Builder of Montana" (re Cornelius Hedges)
4 / 17
"Col. Rogers" (re changing name of Edgerton County) "Concerning the Crows" "Concerning Ft. McKenzie" "Concerning Sa-kaka-wea" (or Sakajawea) "Corn Superstitions" "A Correction" (re McKenzie and LaRoque visit to Crows) "The Cowboy Artist" (re Charles M. Russell) "Cowboy Story"
4 / 18
"David Thompson" (incomplete) "Did the Bird Woman Die in Wyoming?" (re Sakajawea) "A Double Heritage" (re Horace Clarke) "Down the Missouri with Sitting Bull"
4 / 19
"An Episode of Patrick Brice" (re Chief Joseph) "Excerpts from Letters of Mary Wright Edgerton" "An Experiment and Result"
4 / 20
"Famous Pioneer" (re Jane Canary, "Calamity Jane") "Father De Smet, S.J." "The First Telephone in Montana" "The Flag in Montana" "Flour Riot" (re Virginia City flour shortage) "Fort McKenzie" "Forts Lewis and Benton"
4 / 21
"General James" "General Meagher: Route to Montana" "Glacier Park" "A Glance at Neihart" "Gold Getting"
4 / 22
"Henry Ballou Mystery" (re disappearance at Dunlap) "Home of the Blackfeet" "Horses" "How the Mountains Came to Be" (legend)
4 / 23
"Idaho" (re how it diminished in size) "Idaho Fleet" (re Idaho Steam Packet Company) "Incident of Early Days" (re freighting) "An Incident of Early Great Falls" "Incident of the Nez Perce War, as told Judge Napton" (five versions, incomplete) "The Indian as He Was" "An Indian Program" "Indian Women" "Indians of the Northwest" "Indians of the Yellowstone"
5 / 1
"James Gemmell" "James Gourley" "Joseph Williams"
5 / 2
"Larpenteur" (re Charles Larpenteur's journal) "The Lo Lo Trail" "Louis Riel" (incomplete)
5 / 3
"Manuel Lisa" "The Meaning of Idaho" "Medicine Man" "Miner's Story" (re aftermath of Nez Perce War) "The Montana Steam Navigation Co." "More Post Items" "Mrs. Thomas Dawson" (re Isabel Clarke Dawson) "My Story" (re General Anson Mills' march to Rosebud)
5 / 4
"Nez Perce Memorials" "A Notable Pioneer: Francis M. Thompson" "Of the Dakotas" (re Dakota Indians) "One of Those Boys of 1863-4" (re Francis M. Thompson) "Our Public Libraries"
5 / 5
"The Pass with Two Names" (re Lost Trail and Gibbon Pass) "Pilot Lost his Way" "Pioneer Journalism" (incomplete) "The Pioneer Meeting" "Prelude to Vigilante" "Prospecting Trip on Yellowstone" "A Pupil of Dimsdale's" (re Annie Moran Durnen)
5 / 6
"The Railroad in Montana" "Religion in Montana" "A Reminiscence of 1866" "Reminiscences" (re housekeeping in Bannack, 1863-65) "Reminiscent" (re Allen Hosmer, author) "Removal of Sioux to Standing Rock Agency: Historical Account" "Removal of the Territorial Capital from Bannack" "Residence of Montana's First Governor" "The Restoration of Old Fort Benton" "Return Journey, 1865" (re trip down Missouri River) "Rider of the Pony Express" (re Frank Palmer) "Rocky Boy Reservation" "Rocky Mountains" "Rose, the Interpreter" (re Edward Rose) "Route Followed from Snake River" "Russian Exile" (re Count Michael Meyendorf)
5 / 7
"Sakakawea" (also spelled Sakajawea; incomplete) "Salt Lake" (incomplete) "Scenes at Fort Shaw" "Second Trip of Captain Williams" (re Ezekiel Williams) "She Did Her Bit" (re Missouri steamboat Far West) "Sheep on Western Range" "Sidelights on Mullan" (re John Mullan) "Sitting Bull" "The Stagedriver's Story" "The Story of Horace Clarke" "The Story of a March (includes "Gold Seekers against Redskins"; "Bozeman to Wolf Mountains")
5 / 8
"Told to Mrs. Plassmann by Early Settler of Cascade County" (re W.T. Cresap, "Toe String Joe") "A Trapper's Outfit" "Trapper Stories" "Trouble with Indians" (incomplete) "Two Tragedies" (re Baker Massacre and Little Big Horn)
5 / 9
"W.W. Alderson of the Bozeman Courier" "When Montana Was in Idaho" "The Williams Expedition" (re Ezekiel Williams) "Women and International Relations" "Woman Suffrage in Montana"
5 / 10
Miscellaneous fragments

Clippings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
5 / 11
Butte Miner Semi-Centennial Edition
5 / 12

Miscellany Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
6 /
40 notebooks used by Martha Plassman in researching her articles
circa 1920-1949

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Authors--Montana
  • Baker Massacre, 1870
  • Blackfeet Indians
  • Cheyenne Indians--Wars, 1876
  • Crow Indians
  • Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876-1877
  • Frontier and pioneer life--Montana
  • Fur trade--Montana
  • History--Research--Montana
  • Kiowa Indians
  • Little Big Horn, Battle of the, 1876
  • Missionaries--Montana
  • Missouri River--Commerce
  • Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
  • Overland Journeys to Montana
  • Riel Rebellion, 1885
  • Steamboats--Missouri River
  • Vigilantes--Montana--Bannack
  • Vigilantes--Montana--Virginia City
  • Women journalists--Montana
  • Women pioneers--Montana

Personal Names

  • Plassmann, Martha Edgerton, 1850-1936 (creator)

Geographical Names

  • Bannack (Mont.)
  • Bannack (Mont.)--Social life and customs
  • Fort Benton (Mont.)--Social life and customs
  • Gibbon Pass (Mont.)
  • Great Falls (Mont.)--Social life and customs
  • Wyoming