John W. Swackhamer Papers, 1950-1955  PDF  XML

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Swackhamer, John W., 1919-1955
Title
John W. Swackhamer Papers
Dates
1950-1955 (inclusive)
Quantity
1.25 linear feet, (3 boxes)
Collection Number
Mss 087
Summary
John Swackhamer was a professor in the Economics Department at Montana State University (now the University of Montana--Missoula) who conducted an extensive study of the International Union of Mill, Mine, and Smelter Workers and their dispute with the United Steel Workers of America in the early 1950s.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for creating this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historic Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

John Williams Swackhamer was born on March 23, 1919, in Easton, Pennsylvania. He earned his B.A. at Lafayette College in 1946, his M.A. at the State University of Iowa in 1947, attended the University of Zurich in 1947-1948, and earned his Ph.D. from the State University of Iowa in 1949. He became an Assistant Professor in the Economics Department at Montana State University (now The University of Montana-Missoula) in 1949. He published papers on American labor unions, and conducted an extensive study of the International Union of Mill, Mine and Smelter Workers (I.U.M.M.S.W., or Mine-Mill) and their dispute with the United Steel Workers of America in the early 1950s. In that conflict, The C.I.O. (Congress of Industrial Organizations) expelled the I.U.M.M.S.W. in 1950 for communistic policies. The Steel Workers exploited this through the press and radio as a means of increasing their membership. Both unions used propaganda to sway opinion. The result was a petition to the National Labor Relations Board to set up a special election to determine which union would represent these workers. The election took place in February of 1954 and Mine-Mill won the election as the representative union.

Swackhamer died in 1955.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection consists of material Swackhamer produced and collected in the course of his study of the conflict between the International Union of Mill, Mine and Smelter Workers (I.U.M.M.S.W., or Mine-Mill) and the United Steel Workers of America. He had extensive contact with union workers in Butte, Montana; Great Falls, Montana; and in the Silver Valley of northern Idaho (including Wallace, Kellogg, and Mullan). The collection contains materials about the National Labor Relations Board hearing, the subsequent election, Swackhamer's writings about the conflict and about the question of Communism in unions, and samples of union propaganda and local and national union publications.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], John W. Swackhamer Papers, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Acquisition Information

Gift of George Helikes, 1978.

Processing Note

The collection was originally processed and numbered as LC 87, and a brief finding aid was produced. In 2004, the collection was re-numbered as Mss 087 and the finding aid was augmented and encoded.


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1 Correspondence
Swackhamer to unions, Harvard Press, National Labor Relations Board, Rudolf Hanson
1953-1954
1/2 Propaganda, Mine-Mill Union, Butte, Montana 1951-1954
1/3 Propaganda, U.S.A. C.I.O., Butte, Montana undated
1/4 Conferences
Anaconda Council, Chicago; Minie-Mill Conference, Anaconda, Montana
1950
1/5 Court Papers
Mine-Mill before C.I.O. Trail Committee, statement and rebuttal
1950
1/6 Staff bulletins and memoranda, Mine-Mill 1950-1954
1/7 Nationwide P.R., Mine-Mill 1950-1951
1/8 National Labor Relations Board bulletins 1953-1954
1/9 Swackhamer's notecards undated
1/10 Mine-Mill addresses on Radio KMON, Great Falls, Montana 1951
1/11 Swackhamer's writings on unions undated
2/1 Swackhamer's writings on unions undated
2/2 Clippings, Wallace and Kellogg, Idaho 1951
2/3 Clippings, Communism and unions 1950-1955
2/4 Clippings, Union representation election 1954
2/5 Clippings, Mine-Mill union 1954-1955
2/6 Miscellany
Poem on Bill Mason, essays on unions and communism, Bakers Contract
1951
2/7 National Labor Relations Board election notes, Mine-Mill election materials 1954
2/8 Mine-Mill Bulletin
Montana Area I.U.M.M.S.W.
1951
2/9 Mine-Mill Butte Miner
Butte Miner's Union No. 1, I.U.M.M.S.W.
1954
2/10 The C.I.O. News
C.I.O.
1954
2/11 The Fight for Job Security
I.U.M.M.S.W.
1954
2/12 Miner's Voice, Butte, Montana 1954
2/13 S.W.O.C., Voice of Great Falls Smeltermen
S.W.O.C., USA-CIO
1951
2/14 Mine-Mill Smelterman
Anaconda Mill & Smeltermen's Union No. 117, Anaconda, Montana, I.U.M.M.S.W.
1954
2/15 The Mine-Mill Union
I.U.M.M.S.W.
1955
2/16 The Mine-Mill Union
I.U.M.M.S.W.
1954
3/1 The Mine-Mill Union
I.U.M.M.S.W.
1954
3/2 The Mine-Mill Union
I.U.M.M.S.W.
1953
3/3 The Mine-Mill Union
I.U.M.M.S.W.
1952

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

Subject Terms

  • Labor unions and communism --United States
  • Labor unions--Idaho -- Coeur d'Alene Mining District
  • Labor unions--Montana -- Butte
  • Labor unions--Montana -- Great Falls

Corporate Names

  • United States.--National Labor Relations Board
  • aUniversity of Montana-Missoula--Faculty
  • Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.)
  • International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers
  • United Steelworkers of America