Dolly Smith Cusker Akers papers, 1927-1985  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Akers, Dolly Smith Cusker
Title
Dolly Smith Cusker Akers papers
Dates
1927-1985 (inclusive)
Quantity
7 linear feet of shelf space
Collection Number
A9:1-5
Summary
Dolly Akers, a member of the Assiniboine Tribe, was a Wolf Point and Helena, Montana, resident, Democratic legislator (1932), chairman of the Fort Peck Tribal Council, and a member of the Inter-Tribal Policy Board. This collection contains personal files (1942-1974); correspondence (1930s-1970s); tribal materials (1945-1981), including minutes; subject files (1927-1985); clippings; photographs; and a scrapbook (1961-1962).
Repository
Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Montana Historical Society Research Center Archives
225 North Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT
59620-1201
Telephone: 406-444-2681
Fax: 406-444-5297
mhslibrary@mt.gov
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Dolly Smith Cusker Akers, also known as Day Eagle Woman, was born on March 23, 1901, in Wolf Point, Montana, the daughter of William Henry and Nellie Trexler Smith. She attended school in Wolf Point and in Riverside, California. In September of 1917, at the age of 16, Dolly married George M. Cusker in Plentywood. They lived and worked on a ranch north of Poplar. Cusker died in 1941 and Dolly later married John Akers, who died in 1959. Prior to her marriage to Akers, Dolly was a welfare worker and state coordinator of Indian reservations in Montana.

Akers entered politics with her election to the Assiniboine - Sioux tribal council at Fort Peck, as the first woman elected to the council. Akers remained active in tribal politics for 40 years and was elected 57 times as a tribal delegate to Washington D. C.

In addition to tribal politics, Akers was also active in state politics. She was elected to the state Legislature in 1932 and served in the 1933 Legislative Assembly, where she was the first Indian woman to be elected. Although she was elected as a Democrat, she eventually joined and was active in the Republican party. While in the Legislature, Akers served on the Federal Relations Committee, of which she was chairman, and was a special representative of the Governor to the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. Later, she was appointed the Governor's delegate to the 1960 White House Conference on Children and Youth

Akers was also a member of the Montana State Advisory Committee of the Farmers Home Administration; the National Council of American Indians, where she served as vice-president; and the state Inter-Tribal Policy Board, where she served as secretary.

Dolly Akers died in June 5, 1986, in Helena, Montana. She had one daughter, Alvina Welliver, of Helena.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Montana Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library before any reproduction use. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

item description and date. Collection Title. Collection Number. Box and Folder numbers. Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives, Helena, Montana.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Personal Files Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 1-5
Personal files
1942-1974

Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 6-8
Miscellaneous
1930s- 1970s

Clippings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 9
Notes
1 / 10
Clippings

Diaries Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 11-12
Appointment books
1957-1978

Tribal Materials Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 13-17
Tribal Materials
1950s- 1970s
2 / 1-11
Tribal Minutes (includes Executive Board and General Council)
1945-1981

Subject Files Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 12
Inter-Tribal Policy Board
1957-1962
2 / 13
Iron Ring Celebration, etc.
1948-1972
2 / 14
KI-Yo Club Meeting
1971
2 / 15
Land service project - Fort Peck Reservation
1949-1950
2 / 16
Law and order (includes minutes of General Council and Executive Board)
1955-1963
2 / 17
Cancellation leases
1958-1967
2 / 18
Loans, notes - Joe Jones, William Birthmark, Helen Rattling Thunder
1962-1966
3 / 1
Marvin J. Sonosky
1963-1974
3 / 2
Secretary of Interior
1941-1969
3 / 3
George Thompson, Jr.
1957-1966
3 / 4
Tribal lenders conference
1966
3 / 5
Western Inter-Tribal Coordinating Council
1959-1964
3 / 6
Supt. of Indian Affairs David P. Weston
1957-1959
3 / 7
Rachel Wing Wetset
1966-1975
3 / 8
Tribal operations - petitions, resolutions, etc.
1956-1966
3 / 9
Public health
1951-1964
3 / 10
Elmer Red Eagle
1961-1966
3 / 11
Myron Red Elk Estate
1955-1956
3 / 12
Annie Red Fox
1948-1965
3 / 13
Mercy White Bear - Thomas Melbourne - Faye Bird Meade
1955-1971
3 / 14
Roscoe White Eagle
1969-1970
3 / 15
White House Conference on Children and Youth
1959-1960
3 / 16
Bill Youpee
1957-1973
3 / 17
Attorney - Assiniboine - Wilkinson, Cragun, Barker and Hawkins
1957-1973
3 / 18
Land sale of private land to Wolf Point School District (includes Minutes of Executive Board)
1957-1968
3 / 19
Executive Board
1962-1971
3 / 20
Executive Board minutes affecting housing
1962-1974
3 / 21
C and M Construction bankruptcy
1973
3 / 22
National Housing Conference
1974
3 / 23
Housing Conference
1977
3 / 24
Housing - pre-occupation training
1975-1978
3 / 25
Turnkey III housing
1972-1976
3 / 26
Housing authority policies
1978
3 / 27
Delinquent rentals
1974-1976
3 / 28
Housing (report on HIP)
197?-1975
3 / 29
Housing authority - eviction and rental
1972-1980
3 / 30
Carol Lemke, housing
1974
3 / 31
Northern Plains Housing Authority
1975
3 / 32
Roger Shroud's statement on housing
1974
3 / 33
HUD 701 project (6 mo. Reports)
1976
3 / 34
Stanley Yellow Robe
1976
3 / 35
Housing authority (modernization)
1974-1979
3 / 36-37
Housing authority
1973-1979
3 / 38
HUD
1967-1976
3 / 39
Housing program - miscellaneous booklets
1967-1979
3 / 40
1969 inaugural
1968
3 / 41
Election - tribal
1957-1959
3 / 42
Election - clippings
1955-1956
3 / 43
General Council minutes
1951-1954
3 / 44
Resolutions
1948-1956
3 / 45
West - private law 360
1947-1950
4 / 1
Opportunity Act - Anti-Poverty
1966-1979
4 / 2
Office of Native American Programs: policies and procedures
1966-1976
4 / 3
Executive board (re disagreements with)
1954-1966
4 / 4
Attorneys - Fort Peck tribes
1951-1963
4 / 5
Attorney contract - T.H. Burke
1955
4 / 6
Area office - Bureau of Indian Affairs
1947-1971
4 / 7
Solicitor - Area: A. E. Bielefeld
1958
4 / 8
Blaunt land sale
1949-1953
4 / 9
US Indian Commissioner Lois R. Bruce
1969-1970
4 / 10
Bureau-Tribal Conference
1956
4 / 11
Claims - Fort Peck, etc.
1957-1963
4 / 12
Correspondence, clippings etc (re Earl Old Person, Walter Wetzel, Betty Steinmetz)
1952-1980
4 / 13
Commissioner of Indian Affairs Glen L. Emmons
1957-1959
4 / 14
Congressional Legislation re Indians
1953-1964
4 / 15
Complaints
1952-1958
4 / 16
Credential Appointment 1947
1947-1963
4 / 17
Resolution 3-57-4: Authority of Committees under 1927 Constitution
1958
4 / 18
Delegations - Fort Peck Executive Board
1966-1967
4 / 19
Delinquents - juvenile
1958-1959
4 / 20
Election - 1973
1972-1975
4 / 21
Election - 1971
1971-1972
4 / 22
Hassle over expenses - 1961; Akers-Hollow (includes minutes of Fort Peck Executive Board)
1956-1961
4 / 23
Fort Peck finances - IMM accounts
1953-1967
4 / 24
1964 10-yr Program - Fort Peck
1964
4 / 25
Fort Peck land policy
1959-1963
4 / 26
Fort Peck per capita
1952-1958
4 / 27
Fort Peck tribal budget
1958-1966
4 / 28
Fort Peck tribal government
1957-1958
4 / 29
Fort Peck programming
1935-1962
4 / 30
General council (includes minutes)
1952-1956
4 / 31
General election: Goldwater, Babcock, Battin
1964-1970
4 / 32
Information put out when Dolly Akers was chairman
1956-1958
4 / 33
Illegal spending of tribal funds
1970
4 / 34
Commissioner of Indian Affairs Dillon S. Myer
1949-1952
4 / 35
Indian Bureau - abolish
1952-1953
4 / 36
Committee for the promotion of Indian as commissioner of Indian Affairs
1952-1961
4 / 37
Indian Bureau press releases
1952-1978
4 / 38
Indian Bureau policies
1950-1968
4 / 39
Indian Bureau regulations
1948-1958
4 / 40
Indian treaties - Executive Board
1953-1957
4 / 41
House Bill 55: jurisdiction
1962-1963
5 / 1
Hunting and fishing rights
1957-1967
5 / 2
Affiliated tribes of the Northwest
1957-1970
5 / 3
Historical
1956-1968
5 / 4
Community development projects
1962
5 / 5
National Congress of American Indians
1963
5 / 6
Miscellaneous (Ellsworth Florian Waken, Victor Perry, Llewellyn Lester Brown, Roy Allen Jones, and Merle Iron Bear)
1956-1961
5 / 7
Albert A. Grogund, Esq. correspondence
1960-1961
5 / 8
Wesley A. D'Ewart correspondence
1952-1956
5 / 9
James F. Battin
1962-1967
5 / 10
National Congress of American Indians
1965-1968
5 / 11
Marvin J.Sonosky, Esq. (jurisdiction)
1962-1967
5 / 12
Reservation Safety Committee (includes minutes)
1979-1980
5 / 13
Earlene Abbott Simons
1965-1966
5 / 14
AIM Takeover in Washington DC
1972-1974
5 / 15
American Indian policy review
1976
5 / 16
Bureau of Indian Affairs personnel
1947-1971
5 / 17
Realignment of Bureau of Indian Affairs central office
1970-1974
5 / 18
Darlene Campbell (includes minutes from Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board)
1973
5 / 19
District meetings (includes minutes)
1970-1973
5 / 20
Farm Home Administration loan payment
1968-1971
5 / 21
Farm Home Administration State Advisory Committee
1971-1975
5 / 22
Fryberger, Viola
1971
5 / 23
Lease 4586 (cancellation, appeal, renewal)
1967-1968
5 / 24
Albert A. Grogund
1956-1971
5 / 25
Alvin M. Josephy study - Indians and the Bureau of Indian Affairs
1969
5 / 26
National Council of Indian Opportunity
1968-1971
5 / 27-28
Nixon on Indians
1970-1971
5 / 29
Tribal Chairmen's Association
1971-1973
5 / 30
Roosevelt Planning Committee (includes Overall Economic Development Plan)
1963-1975
5 / 31
Pamphlets on Indians (includes information on Economy Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana)
1968-1973
5 / 32
Seth Red Thunder
1960
5 / 33
Repayment cattle contract
1951-1967
5 / 34
Recommendations for Fort Peck Superintendent
1971
5 / 35
Fort Peck revolving credit
1959-1973
5 / 36
Report to Congress - Bureau of Indian Affairs termination
1958-1961
5 / 37
Thomas Reyman
1974
5 / 38
Mattie Hays Richardson (probate)
1977
5 / 39
Charles Ryder, Jr.
1955-1960
5 / 40
House Bill 298: State jurisdiction
1961-1963
5 / 41
Dale Smith
1972-1973
5 / 42
Subsidy payment resolution #187-58-2
1956-1958
5 / 43
SOL tax - Communist Advocate
1953-1961
5 / 44
Solicitor's opinion
1956-1958
6 / 1
Bureau of Indian Affairs reorganization
1970-1971
6 / 2
Fort Peck Elections
1953-1956
6 / 3
Loan program (short term)
1958-1964
6 / 4
Fort Peck Superintendent Stanley Lyman
1963-1966
6 / 5
Fort Peck Tribal Council minority reports (includes minutes of Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board)
1957-1960
6 / 6
Miscellaneous business (Lizzie Manning, Chester Lester, Willard Miller)
1953-1967
6 / 7
William (Tooley) McClammy (includes minutes of Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board)
1961-1964
6 / 8
Mineral restoration (post 1927)
1952
6 / 9
Senator James E. Murray
1934-1959
6 / 10
National Conference on Indian Youth
1957
6 / 11
Oil celebration - Poplar
1951-1963
6 / 12
Oil development - Fort Peck Reservation
1949-1956
6 / 13
Oil and gas leases
1960
6 / 14
Resolution 1-53 (signing documents by chairman)
1953-1958
6 / 15
Tribal membership
1956-1959
6 / 16
Tribal elections
1963-1967
7 / 1
Miscellaneous
1927-1985
7 / 2
Clippings
1966-1982
7 / 3
Department of the Interior
1966-1981
7 / 4
Chairman [re Akers' tenure as chairman of Fort Peck Tribal Executive Board; includes minutes]
1956-1960
7 / 5
Secretary for Indian Affairs
1973 -1981
7 / 6
Personal papers [re National Congress of American Indians, etc.]
1934-1975
7 / 7
Housing
1982-1985
7 / 8
Reservation development program
1979
7 / 9
Susan Braine / Eric Metcalf
1977-1978
7 / 10
Correspondence
196?-1948
7 / 11
Executive Board - miscellaneous correspondence
1978-1981
7 / 12
Tribal energy
1979
7 / 13
Foster home care
7 / 14
Hope ranch
1979-1980
7 / 15
Inter-Tribal Policy Board
1952-1981
7 / 16
ANA Selection Committee
1972-1981
7 / 17
National Republican Congressional Committee
1981
7 / 18
Fort Peck legal services
1964-1967
7 / 19
Scholarly Press correspondence (Encyclopedia of Indians)
1974-1977
7 / 20
Eunice Birthmark Alfrey
1973-1980
7 / 21
Bureau of Indian Affairs regulations; news releases
1962-1983
7 / 22
Fort Peck Tribes - 1980 budget
1980
7 / 23
A and S Industries
1957-1981
7 / 24
Matthew Blackdog and Delma Long Hair, Ursula White Eagle, Roscoe and Annie
1961-1980
7 / 25
Black Hills claim
1979
7 / 26
Clippings from Wotanin
1976
7 / 27
Comprehensive Employment and Training Act program
1956-1981
7 / 28
Civil rights
1958-1983
7 / 29
Commodity program - tribal under State Social and Rehabilitive Services
1957-1980
7 / 30
Farm Home Administration loans
1971-1978
7 / 31
Federal laws - including embezzlement from Tribes
1956-1959
7 / 32
Cultural center
1979
7 / 33
Time limitation Indian claims
1977
7 / 34
Community Action program
1956-1967
7 / 35
Wolf Point community meetings ( includes resolutions, etc.)
1979-1982
7 / 36
Credit Committee (tribal)
1961-1982
7 / 37
Constitution and By-laws (Fort Peck Sioux and Assiniboine Tribes)
1957-1961
7 / 38
Hail Fisk Rosebud welfare
1945-1963
7 / 39
Heirship - opinions, miscellaneous
1957-1962
7 / 40
Tribal ordinance #2 (housing)
1976-1982
7 / 41
Law and order codes - Fort Peck
1939-1978
7 / 42
Legal action
1960-1973
7 / 43-44
Land use policy
1955-1972
7 / 45
Housing authority (terms of office)
1965-1981
7 / 46
Housing
1979-1983
7 / 47
Inter-Tribal Policy Board
1960-1967
7 / 48
Irrigation (includes Shoots the Door)
1966-1967
7 / 49
Membership information - Fort Peck tribes (includes minutes of Executive Board)
1957-1962
8 / 1
Marvin Solonsky - tribal attorney
1961-1984
8 / 2
Public laws (Indian rights)
1967-1974
8 / 3
Sisseton - Wahpeton
1967-1970
8 / 4
Sioux judgment
1962-1979
8 / 5
Tribal election information (at large) (includes minutes of Executive Board)
1946-1979
8 / 6
President Reagan
1980-1981
8 / 7
Programs
1970-1983
8 / 8-9
Referendum Committee
1960-1980
8 / 10
Republican National Committee
1962-1982
8 / 11
State jurisdiction
1963
8 / 12-13
Sub marginal lands (includes minutes of Executive Board)
1945-1981
8 / 14
Reports to delegates in Washington
1946-1952
9 / 1
Termination
1953-1968
9 / 2-3
Tribal Employments Rights Office (TERO)
1981, n.d.
9 / 4
National Tribal Chairmen's Association
1971-1973
9 / 5
George Thompson
1977-1983
9 / 6
Tribal Elders program (ONAP)
1979
9 / 7
Water rights
1979-1983
9 / 8
Wilkinson, Cragen and Barker, attorneys
1972-1980

Miscellany Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Volume
1
Scrapbook
1961-1962

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Montana
  • Assiniboine women--Montana
  • Women in politics--Montana
  • Geographical Names :
  • Montana-- Politics and government