Joseph L. Miller photographs collection, 1909-1995  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Miller, Joseph L., 1910-
Title
Joseph L. Miller photographs collection
Dates
1909-1995 (inclusive)
1971-1995 (bulk)
Quantity
0.84 cubic feet, (502 photographs, 33 slides, 67 film negatives, 2 postcards, and other printed material in 1 document box and 3 oversize folders)
Collection Number
Org. Lot 1021
Summary
Photographs document Joseph L. Miller's crusade to protect the Bull Run Reserve and watershed from logging and recreation damage and to expand public awareness of the threat to its famed pristine water, which is the main source of water for Portland, Or., and other smaller communities in the area. The bulk of the photographs show the impact of logging on the watershed.
Repository
Oregon Historical Society, Davies Family Research Library
Davies Family Research Library
Oregon Historical Society
1200 SW Park Avenue
Portland, OR
97205
Telephone: 503-306-5240
Fax: 503-219-2040
libreference@ohs.org
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Joseph L. Miller (1910- ), a native of Chicago, trained as a medical doctor. He moved to Oregon in 1940 with his wife, Amy, and he opened a medical practice in Portland, Or. In 1948, the family bought 94 acres near the Bull Run Reserve, in the vicinity of Marmot, Clackamas County, Oregon. There they built a small cabin, mostly for summer camping, and in 1975 established a permanent home on three acres. They donated the remaining 91 acres to the Portland Audubon Society in 1977.

In 1971, Miller discovered that the United States Forest Service (USFS) had, since 1958, allowed commercial logging in the watershed in spite of a 1904 Trespass Act and planned to open a 30,000-acre area for recreational purposes. Such strong opposition was expressed at a public meeting, which Miller attended, that the USFS and the Portland Water Bureau withdrew the plan. Miller then began a systematic effort to collect and disseminate information on the Bull Run Reserve to focus public attention on the need for watershed protection. In 1974, he organized the Bull Run Citizens' Advisory Committee, which evolved into the Bull Run Interest Group (BRIG) by 1975. BRIG was active at varying levels until about 1993. Miller was most concerned about the secrecy and lack of public information and input that he believed characterized the activities of the USFS and Portland Water Bureau, which managed the Bull Run Watershed.

In 1975, Miller and two co-plaintiffs initiated a class-action lawsuit against the USFS for allowing public access and logging in violation of the Trespass Act and won their case. However, in 1977 Congress nullified the act, and new legislation, introduced by Rep. Robert Duncan and Sen. Mark Hatfield of Oregon, specified that the Bull Run Reserve could be managed by the Forest Service according to prevailing multiple-use principles. Use of the watershed need not be confined to water production, though that use should be primary.

Miller's crusade to restore the protections of the Trespass Act continued after 1977, and, with the public scrutiny that he inspired, serious degradation of the watershed diminished. His efforts included further litigation and stays to stop what he considered to be dubious timber sales after “blowdowns.”

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Images document Joseph L. Miller's crusade to protect the Bull Run Reserve and watershed from logging and recreation damage and to expand public awareness of the threat to its famed pristine water through formation of the Bull Run Interest Group (BRIG) and lawsuits he initiated against the U.S. Forest Service. Bull Run is the main source of water for Portland, Or., and other smaller communities in the area. Photographs showing the impact of logging on the Bull Run Watershed make up the bulk of the collection. Primary formats represented are black-and-white and color photographic prints, ranging from snapshot size to 8x10 (some with negatives), black-and-white and color aerial photographs, and 35 mm color slides. Some prints are attached to two posters, and the collection also includes two color postcards and related papers.

Miller made some of the photographs himself and obtained the remainder from other photographers and sources, including the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and U.S. Forest Service. Many of the black-and-white and color images were used to illustrate publications produced by BRIG and by Miller personally, and two groups are marked as exhibits in class action lawsuits that Miller and others brought against the U.S. Forest Service.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library before any reproduction use. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.

Preferred Citation

Joseph L. Miller photographs collection, Org. Lot 1021, Oregon Historical Society Research Library

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series A:  Joseph L. Miller: Background and Portraits, 1990-2004Return to Top

8 items

Includes black-and-white and color photographic prints.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Background
2004
1/2
Portraits
Black-and-white mages by Jeanne Fromuth and Alberta Gerould
ca. 1991-1992
1/3
At the Stand for Ancient Forests Earth Day event
April 21, 1990
1/4
At Portland City Council hearings
35mm slides by Brad Yazzolino. People pictured in addition at Miller are Bob Robinson, Doug Christie, and Alberta [?]
1992 or 1993

Series B:  Bull Run Interest Group (BRIG) Open Files, 1972-1986Return to Top

307 items

Includes photographic prints, aerial photographs, and slides that are part of Joseph Miller’s version of the BRIG Open File of background materials established at the Multnomah County Library, where they were indexed and are available to the public. Miller’s idea was that the Open File would be “a live, growing source of information on all sides of Bull Run issues. The file is open for anyone to add information or views; for anyone to help seek and index new material; for anyone to study.” The primary version of the file remains available in the Multnomah County Central Library (Portland, Or.) Government Documents Room (2004).

The series is arranged numerically by the BRIG Open File numbers the photographs are drawn from (see Joseph L. Miller Papers, Mss 6022). It also includes a small poster with prints, showing the card index to the Open File, and some photographic reproductions and photocopies of maps used in various files.
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/5
BRIG Open File poster
Includes two color prints on 8-in. x 8-in. cardboard, advertising availability of the Open File at the Multnomah County Central Library (Portland, Or)
ca. 1975
1/6
No. 61--Helicopter logging in Bull Run Reserve
Color images by Spencer Beebe, printed four to an 8 x 10-in. sheet, with captions. Includes some duplicates.
Aug. 29, 1975
1/7
No. 67--Slide show
One slide only, no slide show. Color slide No. 2 shows Bull Run Reserve boundaries. File includes related correspondence and notes. Location of the slide show is unknown. It is not with the BRIG Open File at the Multnomah County Central Library.
undated
1/8
No. 117--maps reproduced from Bull Run Draft Environmental Impact Statement (U.S. Forest Service)
1976
1/9
No. 126--images of logging impacts on Bull Run Watershed
Color prints and list, including images of Goodfellow Lakes and Little Sandy River Watershed.
1976
1/10
No. 126--maps reproduced from Bull Run Draft Environmental Impact Statement (U.S. Forest Service)
1976
1/11
No. 126--aerial photographs of Bull Run Watershed (Oregon State Department of Forestry)
Color prints and list, including images of Goodfellow Lakes and Little Sandy River Watershed.
June 28, 1972
1/12
No. 139--color photographic reproductions of hand annotated maps, Bull Run Watershed
undated
Over A/1
No. 139--Bull Run Reserve black-and-white aerials
Some annotated with boundaries in plastic tape and felt tip marker
1974
1/13
No. 257d-i--Bull Run Watershed clearcuts
Color prints by Douglas Larson. Includes notation that Joseph L. Miller sent copies of the photographs to the mayor of Portland in 1985.
1978
1/14
No. 275--tour to select sites for proposed Bull Run Monitoring by citizens group--color prints
May 6, 1986
1/15
No. 275.2--tour to select sites for proposed Bull Run Monitoring by citizens group--color prints
July 14, 1986
1/16
No. 275-275.2--tour to select sites for proposed Bull Run Monitoring by citizens group--35 mm color slides
May-July 1986
1/17
No. 277--color prints used in Free Speech Out of the Closet
Nanny Creek Blowdown timber sale.
Aug. 7, 1986
1/18
No. 307e--color image on information sheet, Little Sandy River Drainage
Nanny Creek Blowdown timber sale.
1987
1/19
BRIG Open Files--maps of roadless areas, Bull Run Watershed
Color photographic reproductions of hand annotated maps.
undated
1/120
BRIG Open Files--maps collected for use, Bull Run Watershed
Photographic reproductions and photocopies.
undated
1/21
BRIG Open Files--maps--notes and orders
1974-1984

Series C:  Photographic Exhibits for Lawsuits,   (bulk 1974-1978) Return to Top

103 items

Includes color and black-and-white photographic prints marked as exhibits for two class action lawsuits that Joseph L. Miller and others initiated against U.S. Forest Service management practices on the Mount Hood National Forest. This included Miller vs. Mallory, charging the U.S. Forest Service was in violation of the Trespass Act, and Miller vs. Robertson, asking a U.S. District Court Judge to halt several "blowdown" timber sales offered by the Forest Service. Dates listed for folders are dates the photographs were made, if known, or dates they were entered as exhibits.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/22
Miller vs. Mallory
Color prints of helicopter logging in Bull Run Watershed, made by Spencer Beebe (see also folder 1/6 in this collection). Includes photocopy of Beebe's brief diary of the trip and list of images he made.
Aug. 29, 1974
1/23
Miller vs. Mallory
Color prints showing logging impacts on the Bull Run Watershed.
February 1974
1/24
Miller vs. Robertson--photographic prints from U.S. Forest Service brief
Includes color prints (some assembled as glued-up composites to form panoramas) and black-and-white photographic prints. Removed from Miller Papers, Mss 6022, 31/6.
1978

Series D:  Forest Service Management and Timber Sales, 1927-1991,   (bulk 1973-1987) Return to Top

132 items

Consists primarily of color prints and slides illustrating the impacts of logging on the Bull Run and Little Sandy River watersheds. One 1927 black-and-white image shows the site of a dam built on the Bull Run River to create the reservoir from which Portland draws its water supply.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Bull Run Watershed
115 items
1927-ca. 1981; 1973-1977
Box/Folder
1/25
Bull Run dam site
Black-and-white print by David B. Charlton.
1927
1/26
Forest Service closure notices for Bull Run Watershed
Color prints of notice tacked to trees that cites the 1904 Trespass Act.
1973-1974
1/27
Logging impacts--color prints
Notation indicates copies of these were sent to "Charley" [Charles Merten, attorney in class action lawsuits].
January 1974
1/28
Logging impacts--color prints
February 1974
1/29
Logging impacts--color prints
1974
Over B-1/1
"Petition to Protect Our Bull Run Water from Commercial Logging and Public Recreation"--poster with neck cord
Includes copies of two color prints by Spencer Beebe, Aug. 29, 1974--see 1/6 for originals.
ca. 1974
1/30
Infrared views of Bull Run Watershed from U-2 plane at 65,000 feet--35mm color slides
By U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
1974
1/31
Logging on Barium and Uranium timber sales (U.S. Forest Service)--color prints
1977
1/32
Logging on Swampy timber sale (U.S. Forest Service)--color prints
1977
1/33
Blowdown sale areas areas planned by U.S. Forest Service--35 mm color slides
ca. 1977
1/34
Blowdown--color print
undated
Subseries 2: Little Sandy River Watershed
17 items
1987-1991
Box/Folder
1/35
Views--color prints
Sept. 30, 1987
1/36
Views--black-and-white prints
Oct. 30, 1987
1/37
Proposed logging areas--Cowboy, Olive and Quiver timber sales
Two color prints on two-sided bulletin paste-up used for photocopying.
1987
1/38
Circle and Pica timber sales, Zigzag Ranger District
Two black-and-white prints on two-sided paste-up used for photocopying Free Speech Out of the Closet, No. 67, April 21, 1988.
April 1988
Over A/2
Olive Planning Unit, U.S. Forest Service--color photo sheet with captions
May 1990
1/39
Olive Planning Unit, U.S. Forest Service--color prints
October-November 1991

Series E:  Images Used in Publications,   (bulk 1975-1986) Return to Top

14 items
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/40
Bull Run Open Newsletter
Four color prints on paste-up used for photocopying.
Oct. 1, 1975
1/41
Free Speech Out of the Closetcolor print
July 14, 1986
1/42
Free Speech Out of the Closet--color prints
See Joseph L. Miller Papers, Mss 6022, 50/6 and 7.
Aug. 7, 1986

Series F:  Other Images, ca. 1980, 1982, undatedReturn to Top

4 items
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/43
Breitenbush River Drainage (Or.), Devil's Ridge section--color aerial photograph
1982
Other images
ca. 1980; undated
Box/Folder
1/44
Publick Occurrences (first newspaper in America)--color print of exhibit panel
ca. 1980
1/44
Douglas fir display, Robert B. Pamplin Forest Research Center (Mosby Creek, Or.)--color postcard [2 copies]
undated

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Drinking water--Oregon--Portland.
  • Logging--Oregon--Mount Hood National Forest--Photographs.
  • Public works--Oregon--Portland--Photographs.
  • Water quality--Oregon--Bull Run River Watershed.
  • Water supply--Oregon--Portland--Photographs.
  • Watershed management--Oregon--Portland--Photographs.
  • Personal Names :
  • Miller, Joseph L., 1910- --Photographs.
  • Corporate Names :
  • Portland (Or.). Water Bureau--Photographs.
  • United States. Forest Service--Photographs.
  • Geographical Names :
  • Bull Run River Watershed (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Little Sandy River Watershed (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Mount Hood National Forest (Or.)--Photographs.
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Aerial photographs.
  • Film negatives.
  • Photographic prints.
  • Slides.
  • Other Creators :
    • Corporate Names :
    • United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. (photographer)
    • United States. Forest Service. (photographer)