- Huntington, John Webster Perit, 1831-1869
- John Webster Perit Huntington papers
- 1855-1869 (inclusive)18551869
- .45 cubic feet (1 document case)
- Collection Number
- Mss 759
- Papers of a Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon in the mid-19th century. Includes correspondence and financial records relating to the Indian Affairs post. Subjects include the drowning of William Logan, the Dick Johnson Indian murder, Oregon Republican politics, and Republican convention news.
- Oregon Historical Society Research Library
1200 SW Park Avenue
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open to the public.
- Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Historical NoteReturn to Top
John Webster Perit Huntington, publisher, lawyer, teacher, farmer and Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon, was born on July 5, 1831 in Norwich, Connecticut. A versatile and well educated young man, he joined a group of men who bought a ship, loaded it with mining equipment and sailed around Cape Horn to San Francisco in 1850. Once in California they sold the ship and mining equipment and dispersed. Huntington traveled to Yoncalla, Umpqua County (now Douglas County), Oregon, where he took a land claim in Hayhurst Valley in 1852.
In 1857 Huntington met and married Mary Applegate, daughter of Charles Applegate. Through the Applegate connection, Huntington became associated with the Republican Party and served as an Oregon state legislator in 1860. Because of his work in the Republican Party in Oregon, he was brought to the attention of President Abraham Lincoln and appointed as the Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon.
Under Huntington's tenure as Superintendent, treaties were signed with various Indian tribes including the Snake and Warm Springs tribes. Due to his efficiency and duty to the Union, President Andrew Johnson appointed him to a second term in 1867. This last term ended in the Spring of 1869 and on June 3, he unexpectedly died at the age of 37.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The John Webster Perit Huntington papers (1855-1869), consist mainly of correspondence and financial records created during Huntington's term as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon. The correspondents include: Benjamin Alvord, Jesse Applegate, William Barnhart, B. F. Dowell, George S. Hinsdale, B. N. Huntington, William C. Johnson, William Kelly, John Kelsay, James W. Nesmith, Simeon G. Reed, and Benjamin Simpson, among others.
Subjects of interest include: the drowning of William Logan and the disappearance of $25,000 in Indian Department money, the Dick Johnson Indian murder, Oregon Republican politics and convention news. Other subjects include Huntington's "Unionist" printing and newspaper publishing business, and a political scrapbook with captions by Huntington. There are also various financial records of the Indian Affairs Department and of his several business interests.
This collection will be of use to the historian interested in the Indian Affairs Department, the Warm Springs Indian Treaty and Republican State Politics.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library before any publication use. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners.
John Webster Perit Huntington papers, Mss 759, Oregon Historical Society Research Library.
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
The collection is arrange in one series.
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
|1/1||Indian Affairs: Sub-Vouchers, bills, checks||1863-1870|
|1/2||Indian Affairs: Correspondence||1863-1868|
|1/3||Letters to Huntington,
|1/4||Letters to Huntington,
|1/5||Depositions on the Logan Affair||1865-1868|
|1/6||The Richard Evans Land Claim Affair||1866, 1869|
|1/7||Unionist Printing Co.||1864-1870|
|1/8||Deed, Last Will and Testament||1860-1866|
|1/9||Superintendent of Indian Affairs Papers||1863-1870|
|1/10||Superintendent of Indian Affairs: Financial Records, Bills, Receipts||1864-1874|
|1/11||Superintendent of Indian Affairs: Checks||1863-1869|
|1/12||Indian Affairs: Sub-Vouchers||1863-1868|
|1/13||General Land Claims; includes Dick Johnson land claim paper||1866, undated|
|1/14||Treaty with the Snake-Shoshone Tribe (original manuscript)||December 10, 1868|
|1/15||Photostatic copy of Warm Springs Indian Treaty||1865-1867|
Titled "Life and times of eminent Oregon politicians, beautifully illustrated," these unbound leaves contain pasted in clippings of newspaper illustrations with satirical captions regarding Oregon political figures, including Asahel Bush. Dates probably from 1850s.
Includes certificate of Appointment of Huntington as Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1863.
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Indian agents--Oregon--Correspondence
- Indians of North America--Oregon--Government relations
- Indians of North America--Oregon--Treaties
- Indians, treatment of--Oregon
- Oregon--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
- Oregon--History--To 1859
- Oregon--Politics and government--1859-1950
- Oregon--Politics and government--To 1859
- Alvord, Benjamin, 1813-1869--Correspondence
- Applegate, Jesse A., 1811-1888--Correspondence
- Barnhart, William, ca. 1827-1909--Correspondence
- Dowell, B. F. (Benjamin Franklin)--Correspondence
- Hinsdale, George S.--Correspondence
- Huntington, B. N.--Correspondence
- Huntington, John Webster Perit, 1831-1869--Correspondence (creator)
- Johnson, Dick, d. 1858
- Johnson, William Carey, 1833-1912--Correspondence
- Kelly, William, 1829-1871--Correspondence
- Kelsay, John, 1819-1897--Correspondence
- Nelsmith, James Willis, 1820-1885--Correspondence
- Reed, Simeon Gannett, 1830-1895--Correspondence
- Simpson, Benjamin, 1816-1910--Correspondence
- Republican Party (Or.)
- United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Oregon Superintendency--Archives
Form or Genre Terms