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Marion A. Zioncheck papers

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Zioncheck, Marion A. (Marion Anthony), 1901-1936
Title
Marion A. Zioncheck papers
Quantity
1.91 cubic feet, (5 boxes and 1 vertical file)
Collection Number
1308, 3169 (mss)
Summary
Papers of a Democratic representative to the United States Congress from Seattle, Washington.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections.
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

The papers are open to all users.

Additional Reference Guides

This finding aid can also be viewed on the University of Washington website.

Languages
English


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Marion Anthony Zioncheck (1901-1936) was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat from Washington State in 1932, the year of the Franklin Delano Roosevelt landslide. Zioncheck served in the 73th and 74th Congresses from March 4, 1933, until his death on August 7, 1936. He represented the First Congressional District, which encompassed Seattle and Kitsap County and he served on the Naval Affairs Committee.

A Progressive Democrat and a supporter of the Roosevelt New Deal, Zioncheck was an avowed defender of the "forgotten man." He stated during his campaign that he would not represent the interests of banks, power companies, and chambers of commerce when they conflicted with the interests of the working man, the farmer, or the small businessman. His papers provide evidence that he attempted to fulfill his promise. He supported the Wagner-Connery Labor Bill and the Federal Communications Act, took an active interest in veterans' and farm legislation, and worked for the passage of the Widows and Orphans Bill, HR 9936.

Zioncheck committed suicide on August 7, 1936, by jumping from a window of his campaign office in Seattle. Prior to his death, Zioncheck underwent treatment for mental illness. He had also been the subject of public censure and extensive publicity for his conduct in the House of Representatives and his personal conduct outside of Congress. Reportedly, Zioncheck felt himself a personal failure in his frustrated attempts at political reform.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

These papers document the political activities of Marion A. Zioncheck, Democratic representative to the United States Congress for the First Congressional District of Washington State, 1933-1936. The materials offer insight into several of the controversies that marked Zioncheck's political career, including his denunciation of J. Edgar Hoover in a speech given on the House floor in 1936, and factional disputes within the Washington State Democratic Party in the 1930s. The materials also describe Zioncheck's accomplishments in the House as a freshman Congressman.

The bulk of the collection consists of political and legislative correspondence from 1932 to 1936. Also included are campaign literature, speech drafts and related data, legislation, clippings, newsletters, reports, and other ephemera.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The creator's literary rights have not been transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Preferred Citation

[Title of item], [date of item if known], [box/folder number], Marion Zioncheck Papers, [Accession No.], University of Washington Libraries.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

1308-001:  Marion Zioncheck correspondence and clippings, 1936Return to Top

.02 cubic feet , (7 items)

This accession contains clippings, negative photostats of the clippings, and one item of correspondence, 1936.

Description Dates
Papers

3169-001:  Marion Zioncheck papers, 1932-1936Return to Top

1.68 cubic feet, (4 boxes)
Arranged in 5 series:
  • Biographical information, 1936
  • General correspondence, 1932-1936
  • Campaign ephemera, 1932-1936
  • Subject file on the American Liberty League, 1936
  • Speeches and background data, 1933-1935

The bulk of this accession is correspondence documenting Zioncheck's political activities in United States Congress and in the Washington State Democratic Party. Some highlights of this correspondence include letters Zioncheck received in response to his denunciation of J. Edgar Hoover in 1936, as well as letters documenting internal disputes within the Democratic organization in King and Kitsap counties between 1933 and 1936. In Kitsap County Zioncheck was drawn into a battle, ostensibly over postmaster appointments, between two factions of the party. He was denounced in a February 18, 1936, resolution of the Kitsap County Democratic Executive Committee for misconduct and for breaking faith with the committee.

The accession also includes files containing endorsements Zioncheck solicited from other members of Congress for campaign purposes, 1933-1934. These files contain numerous favorable recommendations of Zioncheck and descriptions of his achievements as a freshman congressman, including his service to the Consent Calendar and Private Calendar Committee. In this capacity he was required to read and report on every bill which appeared on the calendar. Several of his colleagues reported that he performed this duty with distinction.

In addition to these files, the accession contains ephemera, clippings, and drafts of speeches and writings, 1932-1936.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Biographical information
1936
General correspondence
Legislation
Box/Folder
1/2-4
Alaska Highway Bill (H.R. 6538)
1934-1936
1/5-7
Federal Communications Act (S.B. 3954)
1934-1936, undated
1/8-20
Wagner-Connery Labor Bill (S.B. 1958)
1933-1935, undated
Miscellaneous
Box/Folder
1/21
A - Z
1934-1936
1/22
American Civil Liberties Union
1935-1936
2/1
Communism
1933-1936
2/2
G-Men
1936
2/3-6
New Deal endorsers
1934-1935
Case files
Box/Folder
2/7
Chris Di Julio indictment
1935
2/8
United States War Department
1934
Political appointments
Box/Folder
2/9-16
United States district and circuit court attorneys, federal marshal, and deputy marshals
1932-1934
2/17-18
Cabinet and assistants
1933-1934
2/19
Postmasters and postal carriers
1935, 1936
Democratic Party, King and Kitsap Counties
1933-1936
Box/Folder
2/20-23
General correspondence
1933-1936
3/1
Resolutions
1933-1936
3/2
Petitions
1933-1936
3/3-4
Lists
1933-1936
3/5-6
Ephemera and clippings
1933-1936
Box/Folder
3/7-8
Congressional elections
2 folders
1934-1936
Box/Folder
3/9
Third political party
1935
Campaign
Box/Folder
3/10-14
Solicited endorsements from members of Congress
1934
3/15
Constituent letters of support
1933-1936
3/16
Questionnaires
1934
Personal
1932-1935
Box/Folder
3/17-22
General correspondence
1932-1935
3/23
Trips
1932-1935
3/24
Ephemera
1932-1935
Box/Folder
3/25, 4/1-7
Invitations
1934-1936
Box/Folder
4/8
Campaign ephemera
1932-1936
4/9
Subject file - American Liberty League
1936
Speeches and background data
Speeches and writings
Box/Folder
4/10
Drafts
undated
4/11
Excerpts from solicited endorsements
undated
4/12
Speeches of others
1933-1934
Box/Folder
4/13
Legislation
1933-1934
4/14
Clippings
1933-1934
4/15-16
Ephemera
1933-1935

3169-002:  Marion Zioncheck papers, 1926-1936,   (bulk 1933-1936) Return to Top

.21 cubic feet, (1 box)
Arranged by type of document.

This accession contains correspondence regarding the proposed Alaska Highway, annual reports, newsletters and bulletins, ephemera, and other miscellany, 1926-1936.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1-2
General correspondence
1933-1936
1/3
Annual report
1934
1/4
Newsletters and bulletins
1934-1935
1/5
Ephemera
1926-1934
1/6
List
1933
1/7
Itinerary
undated
1/8
Miscellaneous
undated