Henry Leland Clarke letters, 1915-1987  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Clarke, Henry Leland
Title
Henry Leland Clarke letters
Dates
1915-1987 (inclusive)
1930-1986 (bulk)
Quantity
.84 cubic feet, including text and 1 photograph (2 boxes)
Collection Number
(Accession No. 5124-001)
Summary
Correspondence of composer and music educator Henry Leland Clarke.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

The papers are open to all users.

Languages
English, French
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Henry Leland Clarke, composer and professor of music, was born in Dover, New Hampshire, on March 9, 1907. He received his undergraduate, master's and doctoral degrees from Harvard University. While at Harvard, he studied composition with Gustav Holst. During this same period, his studies took him to Paris, New York, and Bennington, Vermont, where he studied under Nadia Boulanger, Hans Weisse, and Otto Luening, respectively. Over the course of his life, Clarke taught at Bennington College, Westminster Choir College, Vassar College, the University of California at Los Angeles, and the University of Washington. He retired from the University of Washington as professor emeritus in 1977. He afterwards moved to Deerfield, Massachusetts, where he died on March 30, 1992.

In addition to his academic work, Clarke composed two full-length operas. The first, The Loafer and the Loaf, was completed in 1951 and concerns a debate over the morality of stealing a loaf of bread. The music is essentially tonal and makes apt use of musical quotation, with some experimentation with chromaticism and atonality. In 1972, Clarke finished his second opera, Lysistrata, based on the play by Aristophanes. It shows the full development of his "word tones," in which a specific pitch is assigned to each word of the text and that particular pitch is used for each occurrence of the same word.

Clarke was also a member of the Composers' Collective of New York and wrote songs for the group under the pseudonym J. Fairbanks. The collective, which grew out of a seminar in writing songs for the masses in 1933, sought to make an American contribution to the international working-class music movement then flourishing in Europe.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The papersconsist primarily of the personal correspondence of Henry Leland Clarke. The letters, which include related materials such as articles and a photograph, document his longstanding relationships with numerous composers and musicologists of note, as well as with some of his teachers and fellow students at Harvard University. Major correspondents include Nadia Boulanger, David Boyden, Norman Cazden, Archibald T. Davison, Felix Lee De Cola, Johnny Green, H. Wiley Hitchcock, Harrison Kerr, Boris Kremenliev, Paul Henry Lang, Otto Luening, Hans Moldenhauer, Zygmunt Mycielski, Earl Robinson, Robert L. Sanders, Virgil Thomson, and G. Wallace Woodworth. Also included is correspondence from his wife, Julia, with elected officials concerning such disparate issues as the Vietnam War, nuclear proliferation, and labor.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

The creator's rights have not been transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Preferred Citation

Henry Leland Clarke letters. Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries, Seattle, Washington.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Henry Leland Clarke correspondence, 1915-1987Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
General correspondence
Box/Folder
1/1
Bergsma, William
1963-1967
1/2
Boulanger, Nadia
1930-1962, undated
1/3
Boyden, David Dodge
1955-1962, undated
1/4
Carter, Elliott and Helen
1947-1970, 1981, undated
1/5-6
Cazden, Norman
Contains published writings by Cazden.
1939-1980, undated
1/7
The Composer in America
See also Harrison Kerr.
1976-1977, undated
1/8
Cushing, Charles
1938-1958
1/9
Davison, Archibald T. and Alice
Includes one photograph.
1930-1970
1/10
De Cola, Felix
Includes articles written by De Cola.
1972-1975, undated
1/11
Dello Joio, Norman
1956-1957, undated
1/12
Foote, Arthur
1957-1958, 1976
1/13
Foss, Lukas
1953-1959, undated
1/14
Green, Johnny
1950-1978, undated
1/15
Griffis, Elliott
1960-1964, undated
1/16
Hitchcock, H. Wiley
1968-1976
1/17
Imbrie, Andrew
1952-1986, undated
1/18
Jackson, Henry Martin
1968-1977
1/19
Kennedy, Edward M.
1970-1983
1/20-21
Kerr, Harrison
1942-1978, undated
1/22
Kilenyi, Edward, Sr.
1915, 1958-1963, undated
1/23
Kirkpatrick, Ralph
1929-1983
1/24
Kremenliev, Boris and Elva
1951-1985, undated
2/1
Lang, Paul Henry
Includes letters from Henry Leland Clarke to his parents regarding Lang.
1927-1968, undated
2/2
Limon, Jose
undated
2/3
Luening, Otto
1947-1986, undated
2/4
McGovern, George
1970-1976
2/5
Magnuson, Warren Grant
1968-1976
2/6
Moldenhauer, Hans
1958-1975, undated
2/7
Mycielski, Zygmunt
Correspondence is in French.
1934, 1956-1963, undated
2/8
Pritchard, Joel M.
1973-1977
2/9
Reese, Gustave
1939-1974, undated
2/10
Robinson, Earl
1940-1987, undated
2/11
Sanders, Robert L.
1947-1972, undated
2/12
Stravinsky, Soulima
1930, 1957, undated
2/13
Thompson, Randall
1956, 1959
2/14
Thomson, Virgil
Includes letters to Henry Leland Clarke's parents.
1931-1986, undated
2/15
Woodworth, G. Wallace (Woody)
undated
2/16
Miscellaneous congressional correspondence
1946-1983, undated
Box/Folder
2/17
List of correspondents
undated
Subject files
Box/Folder
2/18
Holst, Gustav
Contains letters from Henry Leland Clarke to his parents regarding Gustav Holst.
1932, 1981
2/19
Kodaly, Zoltan
1964-1965, 1978-1979
Box/Folder
2/20
Academic record
1974

Julia Newbold Clarke correspondence, 1946-1978Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2/21
Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan
1966-1969
2/22
Jackson, Henry M.
1971-1976
2/23
Kennedy, Edward M.
1970
2/24
McGovern, George
1968, undated
2/25
Spock, Benjamin
1968, 1972, undated
2/26
Miscellaneous congressional correspondence
1946-1978

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Composers' spouses--Washington (State) Seattle
  • Composers--United States--20th century
  • Composers--Washington (State) Seattle--Archives
  • Music teachers--Washington (State) Seattle
  • Musicologists--United States
  • Personal Names :
  • Boulanger, Nadia
  • Boyden, David Dodge, 1910-1986
  • Cazden, Norman, 1914-1980
  • Clarke, Henry Leland--Archives
  • Clarke, Julia Newbold
  • Davison, Archibald T. (Archibald Thompson), 1883-1961
  • De Cola, Felix Lee
  • Green, Johnny, 1908-1989
  • Hitchcock, H. Wiley (Hugh Wiley),  1923-
  • Kerr, Harrison
  • Kremenliev, Boris, 1911-
  • Lang, Paul Henry, 1901-1991
  • Luening, Otto, 1900-1996
  • Moldenhauer, Hans
  • Mycielski, Zygmunt
  • Robinson, Earl, 1910-
  • Sanders, Robert L., 1906-1974
  • Thomson, Virgil, 1896-1989
  • Woodworth, G. Wallace
  • Corporate Names :
  • University of Washington--Faculty
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • articles
  • correspondence
  • Photographs
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Clarke, Julia Newbold (creator)
    • Corporate Names :
    • University of Washington. University Archives

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • University Archives/Faculty Papers (University of Washington)