Cableship Dellwood photograph collection, May 10-28, 1924  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Title
Cableship Dellwood photograph collection
Dates
May 10-28, 1924 (inclusive)
Quantity
16 black and white photographs (1 folder) ; 6 x 9 inches
Collection Number
PH0697
Summary
Photographs of the Cableship Dellwood engaged in cable repair and cable laying activities during one of its early cable laying runs
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

The entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries' Digital Collections website. Permission of curator required to view original photographs. Contact University of Washington Libraries Special Collections.

Languages
English


Historical BackgroundReturn to Top

Congress established the Washington-Alaska Military Cable and Telegraph System (WAMCATS) in May 1900, as a branch of the United States Army Signal Corps. The system became operational in June of 1903. WAMCATS was headquartered in Seattle and charged with linking Army garrisons scattered across the Alaska territory. In order to maintain communications with the north, the Army Quartermaster Corps commissioned several army transport vessels into service as deep-sea cable-laying ships. One of the first of these cableships, the Burnside , laid 291 nautical miles (nm) of submarine cable between Sitka, Alaska, and Juneau, Alaska, and 640 nm of cable between Sitka, Alaska, and Valdez, Alaska, in 1903. In 1904, the Burnside laid 1070 nm of cable between Sitka, Alaska, and Seattle to supplement an earlier cable laid in 1900.

The Burnside , a prize of the Spanish-American War, had the capacity to store only 300 nautical miles of cable in her tanks. Thus, in 1923, a larger steamship, the Dellwood , was converted at the Todd shipyard in Seattle into a cableship for the Army. Originally built as a transport at Oakland, California, in 1920, the ship was fitted with cable machinery from the Johnson & Phillips company in London, giving it three times the capacity of the Burnside . In January 1924, United States cableship (USAT) Dellwood , weighing 3,923 tons, measuring 320.7 feet in length with a 46 foot beam and 24.5 foot draft, and powered by an 1,800 horsepower triple-expansion engine, sailed from the Puget Sound bound for England. There, the Dellwood loaded 1,000 miles of cable which would be used for a new communications cable stretching from Seattle to Seward, Alaska. In that same year, the Dellwood completed laying 1894 nm of cable linking Seattle to Ketchikan, Alaska to Seward, Alaska.

In addition to her greater capacity, the Dellwood was considered a “high-grade laboratory.” Sonar was being developed during this period and the Dellwood was the first cableship to be equipped with a sonic depth sounder which allowed the crew to determine oceanic depths while running at full speed rather than having to drop a lead line. With this new technology, the Dellwood was able to avoid underwater mountains and chasms, thus greatly reducing the mileage of cable required to connect two points. Later, the ship was equipped with a newer depth sounder, the “Fathometer,” a novel device which displayed depth on a clock-like dial while the ship ran at full speed.

Besides duties installing and maintaining Alaskan cables, the Dellwood also laid cable in the Philippines. Around 1930, the ship left Seattle and traveled, via the Panama Canal, to England to take on cable sufficient for installation in the Philippines which was then under United States adminstration. On the way, the Dellwood made stops in Algiers, the Suez Canal, India, Singapore, and finally Manila. Having completed the Philippine cable, the Dellwood sailed home to Seattle, thus circumnavigating the world.

By 1930, WAMCATS was handling commercial traffic in addition to government communications. When the main Alaska cable broke in May of 1930, the Dellwood was dispatched to repair it. However, radio transmitters had begun replacing cables and land lines. As a result, the Dellwood was sold in 1932 to P. E. Harris & Co. of Seattle, a salmon packing firm, for $20,000. She was refurbished, at a cost of $100,000, at the Todd Dry Docks and put into service in the Alaska cannery trade under the command of Captain Andrew J. Borkland. In 1934, the ship was sold to the Alaska Steamship Company.

For the remainder of the 1930s, the Signal Corps did not own any cableships and the submarine cable portion of the WAMCATS (renamed the Alaska Communications System in May 1936) slowly deteriorated. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Corps repurchased the Dellwood and fitted her out for cable repair work, dispatching her in May 1943 to lay cable between Spruce Island and Miller Point. Unfortunately, the Dellwood struck a pinnacle rock near Alexai Point while laying cable between Dutch Harbor and outlying Aleutian stations on July 19, 1943. She sank, without loss of life, in Massacre Bay, Attu Island, Alaska.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Photographs of the United States cableship Dellwood engaged in cable repair and cable laying activities during one of its early cable laying runs from its home port in Seattle, Washington to Trocadero Bay, Alaska in May 1924. Many of the seamen depicted working on the ship are Filipino-American.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View the digital version of the collection

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions might exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact the repository for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Container(s) Description Dates
item
1  Bow view of ship's grapnel picking up cable, Seattle, Washington May 10, 1924
2  Crew members leaning against stern railing as one man holds end of cable prior to landing May 11, 1924
3  Stern view of Dellwood at dock, paying out shore end of cable May 11, 1924
4  Cable crew hauling sea cable on deck prior to winding on drum
The crewman shown second from the left, or third from the front holding the cable, is Guillermo Palmos Paguntalan who was born June 25th, 1897 in Miagoa, Panay Island, Philipines. He was employed on the cableship Dellwood from Februay 1923 to February 1932.
May 11, 1924
5  Spliced cable passing astern and overboard May 12, 1924
6  View looking into cable tank no. 1 with men inside May 14, 1924
7  View of cable in tank May 17, 1924
8-9  Cable crew pulling cable out of tank and coiling on deck May 19, 1924
10  Crew paying out cable from scow, Trocadero Bay, Alaska May 20, 1924
11  Crew coiling cable onto scow, Trocadero Bay, Alaska May 21, 1924
12  Cable crew in work boat working on shore end of Ketchikan-Seward cable, Trocadero Bay, Alaska May 24, 1924
13  Cable lying in ditch, Winter's Pond, Trocadero Bay, Alaska May 27, 1924
14  Cable lying in ditch and disappearing in spruce forest, Trocadero Bay, Alaska circa May 27, 1924
15  Seamen lowered in boatswain’s chairs, securing cable prior to cutting and splicing circa May 28, 1924
16  Hoisting buoy aboard circa May 28, 1924

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Cable ships--Photographs
  • Docks--Alaska--Trocadero Bay--Photographs
  • Docks--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Filipino American sailors--Photographs
  • Harbors--Alaska--Trocadero Bay--Photographs
  • Harbors--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • Dellwood (Ship)
  • United States. Army. Signal Corps
  • Washington-Alaska Military Cable and Telegraph System
  • Geographical Names :
  • Trocadero Bay (Alaska)--Photograph

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)