Martin Maginnis papers, 1864-1912  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Maginnis, Martin, 1841-1919
Title
Martin Maginnis papers
Dates
1864-1912 (inclusive)
Quantity
1.5 linear feet of shelf space
Collection Number
MC 50 (collection)
Summary
Martin Maginnis (1841-1919) was a Democratic Montana Territorial Delegate to Congress from 1872 to 1882; a member of the 1889 Montana Constitutional Convention; and newspaper publisher. Papers (1864-1912) consist primarily of incoming correspondence concerning politics; and outgoing correspondence, court papers, legal documents, and a scrapbook. Incoming correspondence includes typescript copies.
Repository
Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Montana Historical Society Research Center Archives
225 North Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT
59620-1201
Telephone: 406-444-2681
Fax: 406-444-5297
mhslibrary@mt.gov
Access Restrictions

Collection open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Martin Maginnis was born in western New York on October 27, 1841, the son of Irish immigrant parents. He later moved with his parents to a farm in Minnesota. After finishing school, Maginnis started work as a newspaperman on the Redwing Sentinel.

In response to President Lincoln's first call for volunteers, Maginnis joined the First Minnesota Infantry Regiment as a sergeant. He served with his regiment in the battles of First and Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and others. By the time of his discharge at the end of the war, he had risen to the rank of major.

After a brief return to his newspaper career in Minnesota, Maginnis joined the gold rush, arriving in Helena, Montana Territory, in September 1866. Finding little success as a gold prospector, he resumed his journalism career. In partnership with others, he published the Rocky Mountain Gazette, which later became the Helena Independent.

In 1872, Maginnis, a Democrat, was elected Montana's territorial delegate to Congress. As a non-voting delegate, he promoted military expansion, reduction of the size of Montana's Indian reservations, railroad building, and land and timber laws to encourage settlement of Montana. After his retirement from Congress in 1885, Maginnis continued his political activity as a delegate to the 1889 Constitutional Convention and as an unsuccessful candidate for Montana's first U.S. Senator. He and William A. Clark were defeated by Republicans Wilbur F. Sanders and Thomas C. Power. Maginnis later served as U.S. Mineral Land Commissioner. In this position, he was successful in preventing the railroad land grants from including mineral rights. These rights were reserved by the federal government for individual developers.

Martin Maginnis died in 1919 in California.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The papers consist primarily of incoming correspondence concerning politics, Indian agency administration, the military, and railroad development. In addition there is a small amount of outgoing correspondence, a scrapbook, speeches, and writings. Most of the letters have been transcribed, and the transcriptions are filed with the originals.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of the Montana Historical Society. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all materials in the collection. In some cases permission for use may require additional authorization from the copyright owners. For more information contact an archivist.

Preferred Citation

Item description and date. Collection Title. Collection Number. Box and Folder numbers. Montana Historical Society Research Center, Archives, Helena, Montana.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

Biographical Materials Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 1
"Partial sketch of the civil and military service of Major Martin Maginnis" from Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana, vol. 8; "Memorial on the death of Comrade Martin Maginnis"
1917, 1919

Incoming Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 2
A (correspondents include Lyman Abbott, J. B. Aleshire)
1875-1907
1 / 3
I.G. Baker and Company
1874
1 / 4
Chauncey Barbour
1876
1 / 5
August Belmont
1904
1 / 6
James G. Blaine
1874, undated
1 / 7
Charles A. Broadwater
1873-1883
1 / 8
B (correspondents include W.G. Barkley, Laurence Barrett, Clarence C. Bennett, Henry N. Blake, Charles P. Blakely, J.V. Bogert, Theodor Borup, J.R. Boyce, E.G. Brooke, John P. Bruce)
1873-1888
1 / 9
James E. Callaway (includes report of Secretary of Montana Territory)
1874-1875, 1883
1 / 10
John Caplice
1874-1876
1 / 11
W.F. Chadwick
1873-1883
1 / 12
William A. Clark
1874-1904
1 / 13
Walter Cooper
1874-1904
1 / 14
Daniel C. Corbin
1882-1884
1 / 15
John Schuyler Crosby
1884
1 / 16
Crow Indian Agency
1874-1878
1 / 17
Thomas Cruse
1884
1 / 18
William E. Cullen
1875-1884
1 / 19
C (correspondents include George Q. Cannon, A. Carmichael, A.M. Carpenter, E. Casserly, George Clendenin Jr., Heister Clymer, George S. Coleman, Patrick S. Collins, T.E. Collins, Harry R. Comly, L.W. Cooke, George F. Cope, H. Countryman, T.A. Cummings)
1873-1903
1 / 20
Marcus Daly
1884
1 / 21
Walter W. DeLacy
1874
1 / 22
T.J. DeMers (letter from DeMers to Maginnis forwarding a statement made by Flathead Indian chief Michel to the Justice of the Peace for Missoula County; in his statement Michel declares that the Flathead Indians have been ill-used by Indian agent Major Daniel Shanahan and demands that Shanahan be removed)
1874
1 / 23
William W. Dixon
1874
1 / 24
D (correspondents include John Davis, J.C.P. de Krafft, Dennis Driscoll, Michael Duffy)
1874-1907
1 / 25
E (correspondents include Thomas R. Edwards, Alex J. Elder, S.B. Elkins, J. Ellis)
1874-1883
1 / 26
F (correspondents include Adrian W. Fellows, Stephen J. Field, D.H. Floyd, D.L. Floyd-Jones, George W. Frost, T.P. Fuller)
1877-1892
1 / 27
John G. Gibbon
1877-1889
1 / 28
Jay Gould
1878-1879
1 / 29
G (correspondents include William J. Galbraith, ____ Galen, Owen Garrigan, Paris Gibson, Mahlin N. Gilbert, William Graham)
1874-1903
1 / 30
Benjamin Harrison
1885
1 / 31
Samuel T. Hauser
1874-1883
1 / 32
John J. Healy
1875-1878
1 / 33
Christopher P. Higgins
1877-1878
1 / 34
James J. Hill
1905-1906
1 / 35
J.B. Hubbell
1880-1883
1 / 36
H (correspondents include Benjamin F. Hall, J. H. Hamilton, Winfield Scott Hancock, J. E. Harvey, Edward Hatch. H. A. Herbert, C. W. Higley, Robert W. Hill, C. W. Hoffman, H. R. Horr, A. J. Hunter, George L. Hurst)
1873-1885
2 / 1
J (correspondents include J. A. Johnston, James K. Jones)
1876-1897
2 / 2
Hiram Knowles
1876
2 / 3
K (correspondents include David Kenealy, H. A. Kennerly, Charles and William King)
1874-1880
2 / 4
L.F. LaCroix
1873-1885
2 / 5
Nathaniel P. Langford
1874-1876
2 / 6
S.W. Langhorne
1874-1885
2 / 7
L (correspondents include A. Lamme, Daniel S. Lamont, J. B. LeBlond, M. M. Lockwood, Thomas J. Lowry, William Lyman, Philip Lynch)
1874-1906
2 / 8
Perry W. McAdow
1874-1880
2 / 9
John McCormick
1874-1881
2 / 10
Washington J. McCormick
1874-1881
2 / 11
Grant Marsh
1880
2 / 12
Nelson A. Miles
1878-1888
2 / 13
James H. Mills
1877-1879
2 / 14
M (correspondents include Paul McCormick, M. McQuirk, H. N. Maguire, R. F. May, William Mayger, A. E. Mayhew, M. A. Meyendorff, S. Miller, A. R. Mininger, George W. Monroe, William Morris)
1864, 1873-1904
2 / 15
Thomas F. Oakes
1882-1883, 1894
2 / 16
O.B. O'Bannon
1876
2 / 17
Pat O'Brien
1876
2 / 18
C.C. O'Keefe
1874
2 / 19
John Owen
1874
2 / 20
Fitz John Porter
1881-1884, undated
2 / 21
Benjamin F. Potts
1874-1882
2 / 22
Thomas C. Power
1874-1877
2 / 23
P (correspondents include J. W. Parker, R. Parkhurst, F. E. W. Patton, F. D. Pease, C. W. Penrose, W. H. Penrose, A. Plummer)
1874-1904
2 / 24
Patrick Quinn
1874
2 / 25
Peter Ronan
1873-1880
2 / 26
William S. Rosecrans
1885
2 / 27
R (correspondents include John Rainsford, J. C. Robinson, C. P. Rodgers, John Roosa)
1874-1883
2 / 28
Wilbur F. Sanders
1874
2 / 29
Philip H. Sheridan
1874-1882
2 / 30
William T. Sherman
1878
2 / 31
S (correspondents include H. H. Sargent, Carl Schurz, M. V. Sheridan, James H. Shields, Addison Smith, Andrew J. Smith, Robert B. Smith, W. E. Smith, John A. Soper, Emory Speer, W. M. Springer, G. W. Stapleton, Charles Stone, J. H. D. Street, Alf Sully, W. H. Sutherlin)
1873-1900
3 / 1
John W. Tattan
1877-1882
3 / 2
Alfred H. Terry
1880
3 / 3
T (correspondents include B. H. Tatem, Phil Thorpe, E. W. Toole, Joseph K. Toole, Gordon J. Tupper, Charles W. Turner)
1873-1884
3 / 4
U.S. General Land Office; U.S. War Deptartment
1873-1906
3 / 5
Union Pacific Railroad Company
1876
3 / 6
V (correspondents include L. VanGorp, Henry Villard)
1883-1884
3 / 7
Decius S. Wade
1879-1883
3 / 8
Charles S. Warren
1878-1885
3 / 9
William F. Wheeler
1878
3 / 10
E.S. Wilkinson
1873-1877
3 / 11
Frank H. Woody
1874
3 / 12
A.M. Woolfolk
1876-1885
3 / 13
C.B. Wright
1876-1878
3 / 14
W (correspondents include William Wadsworth, E. B. Waterbury, Thomas Watson, Daniel J. Welch, Gen. Whipple, A. H. Wilder, H. F. Williams, Thomas Williams, John R. Wilson, R. H. Wilson, C. S. Woodruff)
1873-1912

Outgoing Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 15
Miscellaneous (includes letters to Secretary of the Treasury, U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, William T. Sherman, Montana Press, U. S. Post Office Dept., Mrs. Howie)
1874-1881, 1904

General Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 16
James Callaway; Samuel T. Hauser; William L. Irvine
1874, 1876, 1880

Miscellaneous Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 17
Letters neither to nor from Martin Maginnis (includes C. Delano to Matthew McQuirk, Benjamin F. Potts to Charles A. Broadwater, Nelson A. Miles to J. D. Cameron, John Alderson to P. W. McAdow, Robert E. Strahorn to Jay Gould, Ulysses S. Grant to H. A. Barnum, Robert L. McCulloh to Charles A. Broadwater, G. c. Swallow to John H. McInnery, William Lochren to A. H. Runge)
1873-1898

Court Papers Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 18
U.S. vs. Joseph Milligan and John Thomas; U.S. vs. I've Neill
1873

Legal Documents Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 19
Affidavits to loss of horses and equipment in 1863; power of attorney; bill of sale; petition for Western Montana Agricultural, Mechanical and Mineral Association; Indian trader's license
1863-1875

Speeches Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 20
Miscellaneous (re personal observations on various military campaigns, re future of Indian tribes, Army appropriation bill, statue of Marcus Daly, World War I, Decoration Day)
1878-1907
3 / 21
Miscellaneous (re education, Ireland, Louisiana Purchase, Declaration of Independence)
undated

Writings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 22
Trip to Montana from Minnesota, 1866 [incomplete]
undated
3 / 23
Poetry
1901-1902, undated

Miscellany Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 24
Certificates of appointment; election; etc.
1883-1909
3 / 25
Invitations; programs; passes
1872-1904, undated
Oversize Folder
1
Miscellaneous invitations; programs; passes [Map Case]
undated
Box/Folder
3 / 26
Report of the U.S. Congress Subcommittee on Military Affairs in favor of Thomas P. Fuller
1880
3 / 27
Request of Legislative Assembly of Montana Territory to U.S. Congress for land grants to railroads (includes typescript copy)
1877
3 / 28
Sketch of the Missouri River from Two Calf Island to Judith River
undated
3 / 29
Tax receipts
1886
Oversize Folder
1
U.S. House Joint Memorial re Crow Indian Reservation; U.S. House Joint Resolution re cattle diseases and National Cattle Trail
1874-1879
Volume
1
Scrapbook of clippings re Martin Maginnis (includes some correspondence)
circa 1870- 1890

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Crow Indians--Government Relations
  • Indian Reservations
  • Indians of North America--Land Tenure
  • Military Bases
  • Mines and Mineral Resources--Montana
  • Railroads--Design and Construction
  • Trading Posts
  • Personal Names :
  • Maginnis, Martin, 1841-1919 (creator)
  • Geographical Names :
  • Helena (Mont.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865