M. L. Wilson Collection, 1935-1960 PDF
- Wilson, M. L. (Milburn Lincoln), 1885-1969
- M. L. Wilson Collection
- 8.1 linear feet
- Collection Number
- Accession 00003, MtBC, us (accession)
- The M. L. Wilson Collection consists of original copies of Wilson's unofficial correspondence; photoduplicates of original correspondence held by the National Archives and Records Administration documenting Wilson's activities as Undersecretary of Agriculture and Director of Extension; subject files; agricultural history and Thomas Jefferson material; speeches; statements; articles; and materials from his personal files. Topics include: the Agricultural Adjustment Administration; various agricultural bills; domestic allotment; Farm Bureau; various New Deal programs concerning labor, land, rural housing, extension schools, erosion, and subsistence homesteads; agricultural history; Thomas Jefferson; conservation, economics; social sciences; politics; and postwar reconstruction.
- Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research.
- Additional Reference Guides
An alternative form of this finding aid can be found at http://www.lib.montana.edu/collect/spcoll/findaid/acc00003.html
- Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Milburn Lincoln Wilson was born in Atlantic, Iowa on 23 October 1885, the son of John Wesley and Mary E. (Magee) Wilson. He received a B.S.A. from Iowa State College, Ames, in 1907 and his M.S. in agricultural economics and rural sociology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, in 1920. He began his career as a farmer in 1907. He served as Assistant State Agronomist at Montana State College, Bozeman, 1910-1912; County Agent in Custer County, Montana, 1912-1914; Montana State Extension Agent Leader, 1914-1922; and an extension agricultural economist at Montana State College, 1922-1924. Between 1924 and 1926 he took charge of the U.S.D.A. division of farm management and cost accounting. During his stint as professor and head of the Department of Agricultural Economics at Montana State College, 1926-1933, he provided consultation on large-scale wheat farming in the U.S.S.R., 1929. From May 16 to September 1, 1933, Wilson served as the Chief Wheat Production Secretary in the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and then moved on to the directorship of the Division of Subsistence Homesteads in the Department of the Interior until June 30, 1934. In 1934, Wilson was appointed the Assistant Secretary of Agriculture and in 1937 the Undersecretary of Agriculture until 1 February 1940 when he became the Director of Extension Work at U.S.D.A. While Director, he also filled in as the Chief of Nutrition Programs and in the Production and Marketing Administration between 1943 and 1949. He was a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Farm Economic Association (president, 1925), Epsilon Sigma Phi, Phi Kappa Phi, and Alpha Zeta. He was also a Unitarian and belonged to the Cosmos club. His writings include Farm Relief and the Domestic Allotment Plan (1933) and Democracy Has Roots (1939). Married on December 17, 1913 to Ida Morse from Cromwell, Minnesota, Wilson made his home in Washington, D.C. where he died in October 1969 and is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
This collection includes materials created or collected by M.L. Wilson and in turn collected and arranged by Montana State University. It contains original copies of Wilson's unofficial correspondence; photoduplicates of original correspondence held by the National Archives and Records Administration documenting Wilson's activities as Undersecretary of Agriculture and Director of Extension; subject files; agricultural history and Thomas Jefferson material; speeches; statements; articles; and materials from his personal files. Topics include: the Agricultural Adjustment Administration; various agricultural bills; domestic allotment; Farm Bureau; various New Deal programs concerning labor, land, rural housing, extension schools, erosion, and subsistence homesteads; agricultural history; Thomas Jefferson; conservation, economics; social sciences; politics; and postwar reconstruction. Photographs have been removed from files marked by an asterisk (*) and placed in Series 16. Large items have been also been removed for separate storage and files from which they have been removed marked by an asterisk (*).
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
|1-2||Series 1: Non-official Correspondence
Letters, memos, and notes pertaining to a wide variety of subjects including extension work, various studies, addresses, travel, foreign aid, United Nations, and Ford Foundation material. This material is very scattered in content and volume, with no personal or family letters included. Wilson's official job related correspondence has been arranged in subsequent series.
|2-4||Series 2: Undersecretary of Agriculture -- Incoming
Photocopies of original correspondence held by the National Archives. It is a selection of non-official and official correspondence received by Wilson while he served as Undersecretary; it does not represent the total volume of that correspondence. Subjects include: AAA, agriculture education, extension, land-grant colleges, agricultural experiments, sociology, science, and international relations. The letters have been arranged alphabetically by the author's name.
|4||Series 3: Director of Extension - Correspondence
Photocopies of original correspondence held by the National Archives. It is a selection of non-official and official correspondence received by Wilson while he served as the Director of Extension; it does not represent the total volume of that correspondence. There is no correspondence for the years 1944 through 1946. The chronological arrangement, as received, has been retained.
|4-5||Series 4: Undersecretary of Agriculture and Director of Extension
Photocopies of original correspondence held by the National Archives. It is a selection of non-official and official correspondence sent by Wilson while he served as Undersecretary and the Director of Extension; it does not represent the total volume of that correspondence. These letters may have originally been filed under a subject or name arrangement but were not received in such an arrangement. Some of the letters are duplicates of correspondence found in other parts of this series.
|5-6||Series 5: Undersecretary of Agriculture, Subject Files
This material includes photoduplicated letters, reports, articles etc. dealing with the various subjects listed for each folder. The subject headings which appeared on the cover envelopes have bee retained.
|6||Series 6: Division of Subsistence Homesteads
This contains correspondence and other records of Mr. Wilson as Director of the Division of Subsistence Homesteads within the Department of Interior, 1933-35. Listed as Record Group 96 in the National Archives.
|6||Series 7: Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Office of Farm
Records of the Office of Farm Management within the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 1924-25. H.R. Tolley, Head. Includes those records relating to M.L. Wilson. Listed as Record Group 83 in the National Archives.
|6||Series 8: Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils and Agricultural
Bureau Chief's Correspondence, 1934-41, F.D. Richey and E.C. Auchter, Heads of Bureau. (Records relating to M.L. Wilson) Listed as Record Group 54 in the National Archives.
|6-7||Series 9: Mordecai Ezekial, Domestic Allotment Plan
Material from the files of Mordecai Ezekial, Economist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, on the Domestic Allotment Plan. This material consists of photoduplicated copies of material from the National Archives.
|7||Series 10: Chester C. Davis Material
Recollections and correspondence donated by Mr. Davis for inclusion in the Wilson file. Contains information about M.L. Wilson, Gov. Joe Dixon, Newspapers - Miles City Star, Avant Courier, Montana Farmer, Non-Partisan League.
|7-8||Series 11: Agricultural History and Thomas Jefferson
This material includes speeches, articles, notes, clippings and correspondence on the subjects of Thomas Jefferson and agricultural history. Included are materials from the National Association of County Agricultural Agents, a proposed Agricultural Hall of Fame and agricultural museums. Much of the material is devoted to the Jefferson Bicentennial.
|8-12||Series 12: Speeches, Statements, Articles
This material represents mostly the product of Mr. Wilson himself, or articles about him. Those which were attributed to others but retained by Mr. Wilson are so designated on the chronological listing attached to this inventory as Folder 36.
|12-16||Series 13: General and Miscellaneous Material
Subject files relating to the New Deal, agriculture, extension, economics, education, nutrition, etc.
|16-17||Series 14: M.L. Wilson Personal Files
Series 14 consists of materials from the personal files of M.L. Wilson forwarded with some comments by Dr. P.L. Slagsvold. Some of this material was drawn from the files of the Agricultural Economics Department, Montana State College, but has been retained in this series as a file kept separately by Wilson.
|18-20||Series 15: Miscellaneous Notebooks and Scrapbooks||1916-1956|
|20-21||Oversize||Series 16: Photographs
This series includes photographs removed from various folders throughout the collection.
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Subject Terms :
- Agricultural extension work-Government policy-United States
- Agricultural laws and legislation-United States
- Agriculture and state-United States
- Farm law-United States
- New Deal, 1933-1939
- Reconstruction (1939-1951)
- Personal Names :
- Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
- Corporate Names :
- American Farm Bureau Federation
- United States-Agricultural Adjustment Administration
- United States-Dept. of Agriculture-Officials and employees