Granada Relocation Center Records, 1943-1945  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Granada Relocation Center
Title
Granada Relocation Center Records
Dates
1943-1945 (inclusive)
Quantity
2 microfilm reels
Collection Number
4171 (Accession No. 4171-001)
Summary
Records of a council responsible for governance of community life at the Granada Relocation Center in southeastern Colorado, where thousands of Japanese Americans were incarcerated during World War II.
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Open to all users.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

The Granada Relocation Center, located in southeastern Colorado, was named after the nearby town of Granada. It was also given the name Amache, Colorado (after Amache, the daughter of a Cheyenne chief), and was often referred to in the press as a town of this name.

The camp officially opened on August 27, 1942, with the arrival of Japanese Americans from the Merced (Calif.) Assembly Center. On September 19, 1942, groups began arriving from the Santa Anita Assembly Center, and by September 30 occupation was complete. The camp had a capacity of 8,000 and at its peak held approximately 7,600 inmates. Of these, about two-thirds were U.S. citizens. About half -- primarily those from the Merced Assembly Center -- were from rural areas, while those from the Santa Anita Assembly Center were primarily from the urban Los Angeles area.

The camp covered 10,400 acres of prairie land, 3,592 feet above sea level, with one square mile of buildings. Most of the buildings were military-style barracks. The residential area was divided into thirty blocks, each containing a mess hall, recreation hall, block office, laundry facilities, shower room, and toilets. Each block housed about 250 people in twelve barracks. The barracks measured 120-by-20 feet and were divided into six apartments. These rooms ranged from 16-by-20 feet to 24-by-20 feet and contained a closet, coal stove, cots, mattresses, and quilts. The camp also contained several schools, a hospital, and a police department. Agriculture was the principal industry; vegetable and grain crops, along with livestock, were raised on two ranches, the Koen Ranch and the XY Ranch.

The inmates themselves were responsible for much of the community's government. The Block Managers Assembly, creator of these records, served as the community council and consisted of an elected representative from each block. 1 The Assembly was responsible for making laws and regulations to govern community life and for appointing members to the judicial and arbitration commissions, which settled criminal and civil cases, respectively. The thirty blocks were also divided into five districts. One block manager was selected from each district to serve on the Assembly's executive committee.

Amache Consumer Enterprises, a major subgroup of the Block Managers Assembly records, was the consumer's cooperative for the Granada camp. Incorporated on January 25, 1943 and supervised by a nine-member board of directors, it included the following enterprises: "clothing store, variety store, shoe store, shoe repair shop, cleaning and pressing agency, barber shop, beauty parlor, canteen, watch repairing, and optometry supplies." 2 Amache Consumer Enterprises was liquidated in August, 1945.

This information was obtained from the Ruth L. Parker Papers, MS no. 0221. Special Collections Department, Tutt Library, Colorado College.

  • 1. Issei, however, were prohibited by the U.S. government from serving in this capacity.
  • 2. Ruth L. Parker Papers.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection consists of micorfilm copies of .75 cubic ft. of material accumulated by Yatsutoshi Yoshizawa in the course of his duties as a member of the Block Managers Assembly and several of the Assembly's committees. The bulk of these records are minutes of the Block Managers Assembly. These minutes, along with other records, document primarily the day-to-day management of the camp rather than the broad administrative policies set by the War Relocation Authority. Typical issues addressed include community activities, maintenance, supplies, etc. Also included, however, are responses to major issues and policies, such as searches of living quarters, meetings with the Spanish Consul (the representative of Japanese nationals during the war), and, especially, concerns regarding relocation outside the camp. These concerns are particularly well-documented by the Granada Community Analysis reports (Reports, roll 2, frames 242-346). These two items present detailed analyses of inmate attitudes and concerns about leaving the camp, and include statistical data and graphs as well as text.

Other Descriptive InformationReturn to Top

The Amache Recreation Association, Granada Relocation Center, Mess Committee, and Yoshizawa, Yatsutoshi subgroups were refilmed after frame numbers had already been entered on the inventory. Hence there is a slight discrepancy between the frame numbers listed on the inventory that was filmed and the frame numbers listed on the paper copy of the inventory. The frame numbers on the paper copy (and on the copy displayed below) are correct.

Materials Omitted from Microfilm: Items not filmed generally fall into two categories--duplicates and materials of questionable research value. In a few cases, however, items were filmed that appear to be duplicates but actually contain slight variations. Other unfilmed materials are from the following series and/or subgroups:

  • Lists: Two lists of supplies.
  • Notes: This entire series, consisting of notes for minutes, the typed versions of which appear in the Minutes series, and miscellaneous notes, mostly lists of work done on a particular day.
  • Forms: All entirely blank.
  • Miscellaneous: A packing list, property shipment form, agenda for a farewell program for an administrator, notice of work assignment, application for leave, request for workers, request for separation of workers, and a daily time report.
  • Amache Recreation Association: The Notes and Miscellaneous series, consisting of notes for minutes, miscellaneous notes, and a signout sheet for softball equipment.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Creator's literary rights not transferred to the University of Washington Libraries.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

Granada Relocation Center Block Managers Assembly RecordsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Reel/Frame
1/2-5
Constitution and By-laws
1943?
1/6-31
General Correspondence
1944-1945
1/32-92
Memoranda
1943-1945
Minutes
Reel/Frame
1/93-2/190
Granada Relocation Center. Block Managers Assembly
1943-1945
Granada Relocation Center. Block Managers Assembly
Duplicates, not filmed.
1943-1945
Reel/Frame
2/192-204
Meetings with Spanish Consul
1943-1944
Other Bodies
Reel/Frame
2/206-211
Granada Relocation Center. Advisory School Board
1944
2/212-213
Amache Community Council
1945
2/214-216
Granada Relocation Center. Coordinating Advisory Committee
1945
2/217-218
Granada Relocation Center. Business Committee
1945
2/219-220
Representatives of Blocks 12K and 11K
1945
2/221
Ireito Construction
1945
Reel/Frame
2/222
Announcements
1944, 1945?
Reports
Reel/Frame
2/231-241
Agriculture Section -- Monthly Reports
1945
2/242-312
"Granada Community Analysis Report No. 2"
1943
2/242-312
"Granada Community Analysis Report No. 2"
1943
2/347-349
"Report on Trip to Iowa"
ca. 1945
Daily Time Reports and Other Reports of Hours Worked
Not filmed.
1945
Financial Records
Reel/Frame
2/352-356
Amache Mid-Summer Carnival
1945
2/357-359
Miscellaneous
ca. 1943-1945
Questionnaire
Reel/Frame
2/361-362
Questionnaire for Evacuees after Resettlement
n.d.
Agenda
Reel/Frame
2/363-366
Subjects for Discussion with Dillon S. Myer and Resolution Expressing Appreciation to Myer
1943, n.d.
Schedules
Reel/Frame
2/367-369
Volunteer Tofu Manufacture
ca. 1944-1945
2/370
Schedule for Checking Crating
ca. 1945?
2/371
Movie Schedule
1944?
Lists
Reel/Frame
2/373-383
Scholarship Recipients
ca. 1945
2/384-389
Block Managers Assembly -- Committees
1945, n.d.
2/390-392
Block managers -- Names and Addresses
1943-1945
2/393-405
Block Managers Assembly -- Roll Call Sheets
1943-1945
2/406-419
Miscellaneous
Some items not filmed.
1944-1945
Notes
Notes for Minutes
Not filmed.
1945
Miscellaneous
Not filmed.
ca. 1943-1945
Forms
Not filmed.
1943-1945
Subject Series
Reel/Frame
2/422-425
Block managers
n.d.
2/426-427
Employment
1943-1945
Granada Relocation Center
Reel/Frame
2/428-435
Districts
n.d.
2/428-435
Population Data
1944-1945
2/428-435
Fixtures
n.d.
2/428-435
Maps and Diagrams
n.d.
Reel/Frame
2/436-437
Granada Residents Directory
ca. 1945
2/438-439
Odori--Permit for Public Assembly
1945
Newsletters
Reel/Frame
2/441-447
Fragments, Possibly from Introductory Newsletter for New Residents
n.d.
Photographs
Reel/Frame
2/448
Memorial to soldiers from Granada killed in World War II
ca. 1945
Miscellaneous
Not filmed.
1943-1945

Amache Consumer EnterprisesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Reel/Frame
2/454-459
Minutes -- Liquidating Committee
1945
2/460-471
Financial Records
1945

Amache Doctors Koen KwaiReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Reel/Frame
2/474-475
Memorandum
1945
2/476-477
List Officers and Committee Members
1944
2/478-493
Financial Statements
1944-1945

Amache Recreation AssociationReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Reel/Frame
2/495-498
General Correspondence
1944-1945
2/499-511
Minutes
1945
2/510-533
Financial Statements
1944-1945
Notes
Not filmed.
1945, n.d.
Miscellaneous
Not filmed.
1945

Granada Relocation Center. Mess CommitteeReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Reel/Frame
2/541-558
Notes
1945

Yoshizawa, YatsutoshiReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Reel/Frame
2/559-565
Outgoing Letters
1945

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Concentration camp inmates--Colorado--Granada
  • Concentration camps--Colorado--Granada
  • Concentration camps--Colorado--Granada--Management
  • Consumer cooperatives--Colorado--Granada
  • Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Colorado--Granada
  • World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans
  • Personal Names :
  • Yoshizawa, Yatsutoshi
  • Corporate Names :
  • Amache Consumer Enterprises
  • Granada Relocation Center. Block Managers Assembly--Archives
  • Granada Relocation Center--Management
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Microfilms

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Personal Papers/Corporate Records (University of Washington)