Larrabee family papers, 1840-2004  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Larrabee family
Title
Larrabee family papers
Dates
1840-2004 (inclusive)
1890-2000 (bulk)
Quantity
9.5 linear ft.
Collection Number
XOE_CPNWS0018larrabee (collection)
Summary
The Larrabee family papers document the interests and activities of a prominent family in Bellingham, Washington. The collection spans the period 1840-2004, with the bulk of materials dating between 1890 and 2000. The majority of the collection comprises business records, personal papers, photographs, architectural drawings, and property and real estate records documenting the activities of businessman Charles X. Larrabee and family members including Frances Payne, Charles Francis, Edward Payne and Consuelo McMillan Larrabee.
Repository
Western Washington University, Center for Pacific Northwest Studies
Goltz-Murray Archives Building
808 25th St.
Bellingham, WA
98225
Telephone: 360-650-7534
cpnws@wwu.edu
Access Restrictions

The collection is open to the public.

Languages
English.
Sponsor
Funding for preparing this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. Funding for encoding the finding aid was awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Charles X. (C.X.) Larrabee was born November 19, 1843 in Portville, New York, and moved to Omro, Wisconsin with his family in 1849. In 1875, Larrabee moved to Montana, where his brother, S.E. Larrabee (Larabie) had established himself as a successful banker. C.X. became a partner in the Larabie Bros. banking firm in Deer Lodge, Montana, and engaged in prospecting, discovering the prosperous Mountain View copper mine near Butte, Montana. He also established the Brook-Nook Stock Ranche, near Dillon, Montana, which became renowned for the breeding of Morgan race horses. In 1887, having sold off large portions of his mining interests, C.X. Larrabee moved briefly to Portland, Oregon, purchasing the Holladay addition east of the Willamette River in partnership with his brother and Nelson Bennett, the founder of Tacoma.

Between 1889 and 1890, Larrabee moved to Fairhaven, Washington, where he established the Fairhaven Land Company with Nelson Bennett, E.M. Wilson, E.L. Cowgill and his brother S.E. Larabie. In addition to his real estate concerns, Larrabee was a leading investor in the Fairhaven & Southern Railroad, and the first president of the Citizen’s Bank of Fairhaven. In 1890, Larrabee hired Cyrus Lester Gates from Vermont as his private secretary. Gates played a key role in several of Larrabee’s business enterprises, and held part-ownership of ventures including the Roslyn-Cascade Coal Company.

On August 3, 1892, C.X. Larrabee and Miss Frances Payne (1867-1941), of St. Charles, Missouri, were married. Frances was an accomplished pianist and became highly regarded in Bellingham for her philanthropic work. The Larrabees had four children: Charles Francis (1895-1950), Edward Payne (1897-1944), Mary Adele (1902-1988), and Benjamin Howard (1906-1944). Following C.X. Larrabee’s death on September 16, 1914, Frances Payne Larrabee and later their two eldest sons took over the family business interests. The Larrabees were noted for making substantial gifts of money and land for charitable and public use, including their donation of Larrabee State Park along Chuckanut Bay, the site of the Fairhaven Public Library, and the YWCA building in Bellingham.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Larrabee family papers document the interests and activities of a prominent family in Bellingham, Washington. The papers span the period 1840-2004, with the majority of records dating between 1890 and 2000.

Larrabee business records document several of the real estate and mining concerns of Charles X. Larrabee, and his two eldest sons, Charles Francis and Edward Payne Larrabee. The series includes letter books of outgoing correspondence from Charles X. Larrabee and Cyrus Gates regarding their management of real estate interests in Whatcom County, and Larrabee’s stock ranch in Montana. Remaining business records are organized alphabetically by name of company, and include financial records, stock inventories, and catalogs reflecting operations at the Brook-Nook Stock Ranche in Montana, and financial records and reports reflecting operations of the Roslyn-Cascade Coal Company. The series also includes three Oregon Company financial ledgers documenting Larrabee’s real estate investments in Portland, Oregon) and a small amount of material generated by the Citizen’s Bank of Fairhaven, Fairhaven Land Company, Fairhaven & Southern Railroad, and Larrabee Real Estate Company.

Larrabee personal papers comprise general information regarding family history and genealogy, personal correspondence, and papers generated by individual family members. Biographical and genealogical information dated 1890-2000 includes obituaries and articles regarding the Larrabees, and detailed correspondence concerning Larrabee and Payne family history. The majority of this correspondence was written and circulated by Mary Adele “Mainey” Bourque (daughter of Charles X. and Frances Payne Larrabee), and her nephew C.X. “X” Larrabee (son of Charles Francis and Mary Larrabee). Personal correspondence is organized alphabetically by name of correspondent, with incoming and outgoing letters arranged separately. This correspondence includes letters to and from Charles X. and Frances Payne Larrabee, their two eldest sons, and Edward Payne's wife Consuelo McMillan Larrabee. The series also contains a small number of papers of individual Larrabee family members, including sheet music belonging to Frances Payne Larrabee, marriage announcements and various souvenirs.

In addition to family photographs, the collection contains architectural records documenting the 1914-1917 design and construction of the Larrabee family residence (now named "Lairmont Manor"), and 1920 specifications for Charles Francis Larrabee’s family home. Property and real estate records comprise correspondence, clippings and maps documenting Larrabee property and real estate in Whatcom County (including property around Chuckanut Bay and present-day Larrabee State Park), and includes two 1936 maps of coal mines operated by the Roslyn-Cascade Coal Company.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

Larrabee family papers, Center for Pacific Northwest Studies, Heritage Resources, Western Washington University, Bellingham WA 98225-9123.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Series I :  Larrabee business records1890-1991,   (bulk 1890-1942) Return to Top

General Business correspondence documents Charles X. Larrabee’s real estate interests and the management of his stock ranch in Montana. Researchers should note that the property and real estate series contains two maps of the Roslyn-Cascade Coal Co.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: General Business Correspondence
1891-1913
Gates, Cyrus
Box/Folder
1/1
Letter book
1891–1894
1/2
Letter book
1896-1898
1/3
Letter book
1899-1902
Larrabee, Charles X.
Box/Folder
1/4
Letter book
1899
1/5
Letter book
1912-1913
1/6
Letter book
1913
Subseries 2: Larrabee Business Concerns
1890-1991
Brook-Nook Stock Ranche
1890-1991
Financial Records
Box/Folder
2/1
Account Statements
1918-1919
2/2
Check register
1915-1916
2/3
Check (cancellation)
1915
2/4
Checks
1913-1914
2/5
Checks
1914
2/6
Checks
1915
2/7
Checks
1915-1916
2/8
Checks
1916
3/1-3/4
Checks
1916 - 1919
Box/Folder
3/5-3/10
C.X. Larrabee and Morgan horses - general reference material
circa 1900s-1990s
3/11
Horseshoe (“Pony Ned”)
undated
3/12
Jersey Cattle Club information
circa 1917-1918
Oversize Folder
OV 1
Maps and surveys of ranch property
undated
Box/Folder
3/13
Registration Applications (American Trotting Register Association)
1917-1919
Oversize Folder
OV 1
Rural Spirit: A Weekly Journal for the Farmer & Stockman
1905 March 3
Box/Folder
3/14
Stock Ranch Cattle Inventory
1918-1919
3/15
Trotting Stock Catalogs (Brook-Nook and Willow Run Stock Ranches)
1890; 1892
3/16
Trower, Richard L. “C.X. Larrabee and the Roots of Troubadour of Willamoor.” The Morgan Horse
1991 July
Box/Folder
3/17
Citizen’s Bank of Fairhaven - Certificate of Incorporation
1900
3/18
Fairhaven & Southern Railroad - J.J. Hill Stock purchase
1890
3/19
Fairhaven Hotel and Hotel Leopold – Stationary sample
undated
Fairhaven Land Company
1890-1897
Box/Folder
3/20
Complimentary copy of Black Beauty
1890
3/21
Expense Account (William H. Fuller)
1897 October-December
3/22
Fairhaven mine (analysis of coke ash)
1894
3/23
J.J. Donovan re: rail line to Rosland (B.C.)
1897
Box/Folder
3/24
Larrabee Real Estate Company pamphlet re. Edgemoor and Viewcrest "planned neighborhoods"
circa 1950s
3/24A
Larrabee Real Estate Company - report concerning segregation of land and land rights at Bellingham, Washington
1951
Oregon (Real Estate) Company
1889-1922
Box/Folder
3/25
Check from C.X. Larrabee to Nelson Bennett, issued by the First National Bank of Portland (probably to buy out Bennett's stake in the company)
1891
Volume
1.
Financial Journal
1889-1921
2.
Financial Journal
1889-1912
3.
Financial Journal
1913-1922
Roslyn-Cascade Coal Company
1897; 1936-1942
Box/Folder
3/27
Financial correspondence
1936-1938
3/28
Financial statements
1936-1937; 1940-1941
3/29
Postal Receipts
1920
3/30
Report - Anthracite Coal Property in Lewis County, Washington
1942
3/31
Report - Performance of Baum-type jig at Roslyn-Cascade Coal Co.
undated
3/32
Reports - General government and mining industry
1936-1942
3/33
Roslyn Cascade Coal Co. Robber Stamp
undated
3/34
Newspaper Articles and Clippings
circa 1935; 1940; 1942
3/35
Nicholls, Jasper William, The Story of American Coals
1897
Box/Folder
4/1
Seattle Gas and Electric Co. - cancelled mortgage bond
1890
South Bellingham excavation operation (Charles Francis Larrabee)
1919-1922
Box/Folder
4/2
State of Washington Safety Regulations
1920-1922
4/3
Time Book
1919-1920
4/4
Workmen’s Compensation and Industrial Insurance Forms
1919-1921

Series II :  Larrabee personal papers1840-2005,   (bulk 1890-1994) Return to Top

Larrabee personal papers comprise biographical and genealogical information, personal correspondence, and personal papers generated by individual family members

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Biographical, genealogical, and historical information
Biographical, genealogical, and historical information contains a substantial amount of correspondence regarding Larrabee and Payne family history. Researchers should note that this correspondence includes re-typed and annotated transcriptions of original letters by family members including Charles X. Larrabee, Frances Payne Larrabee, and her father, Benjamin Howard Payne. The records also include historical publications about the Larrabee Family and their home in Bellingham, WA.
circa 1890-2005
Box/Folder
4/5
Articles and Clippings re: Larrabee family
circa 1890-1988
Oversize Folder
OV 2
Articles and Clippings re: Larrabee family, friends, and acquaintances
circa 1890s-1980s
OV 3
Duplicate copies of rticles and Clippings re: Larrabee family, friends, and acquaintances
circa 1890s-1980s
Box/Folder
4/6
Obituaries and Notices of Respect
1914; 1941; 1990
4/7
Cyrus Gates letter re: death of Charles X. Larrabee
1914
4/8
Larrabee Family remembrance of Cyrus Gates, Jr. (originally attached to Charles X. Larrabee incoming letter from M.O. Stoddard with recommendation for Cyrus Gates, and Charles X. Larrabee outgoing letter to Cyrus Gates encouraging him to move to Fairhaven)
circa 1991
4/9
Correspondence re: Family History
1963-1986
4/10
Correspondence re: Family History
1989-1992
4/11
Correspondence re: Family History
1992-1998; undated
5/1
Correspondence re: Family History
1994; 2000
5/2
Correspondence re: Family History
undated
5/3
Genealogical material re: William Payne
circa 1914
5/4
Genealogical charts for Mary Adele Larrabee Bourque
undated
5/5
"Chuckanut Chronicles" by Robert Thomas
1971
5/6
"Lairmont Manor - 95 Years"
undated
5/7
Miscellaneous historical information
undated
Subseries 2: Personal Correspondence
Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent, personal correspondence includes copies of letters from Charles X. Larrabee to his mother regarding Abraham Lincoln’s funeral train, and to Frances Payne prior to their 1892 marriage. Incoming correspondence of Edward Payne Larrabee contains a letter communicating the last words of “Old Annie,” his African-American nurse, dated 1907. Edward Payne Larrabee’s correspondence also includes references to the trials of I.W.W. workers following the 1919 Centralia Massacre. Payne family correspondence includes copies of a letter from Frances Payne Larrabee’s father, Benjamin Payne, to his uncle, and a letter from her maternal grandmother, Rachel Amanda Roy, to her sister.
circa 1865-2003
Box/Folder
5/8
Larrabee, Charles X. – Incoming
1911
5/9
Larrabee, Charles X. – Outgoing
1865 - 1914
5/10
Larrabee, Charles Francis - Incoming
1914; 1921; 1944-1945
5/11
Larrabee, Charles Francis - Outgoing
1945; 1947
5/12
Larrabee, Consuelo McMillan - Incoming
1933-1949; 1955; 1967; 1969; 1990s-2003
5/13
Larrabee, Consuelo McMillan - Outgoing
1963
5/14
Larrabee, Edward Payne (Ned) - Incoming
1907; 1914; 1919-1944
5/15
Larrabee, Edward Payne (Ned) - Outgoing
1933
5/16
Larrabee, Frances Payne (Fannie, Gamoo) - Incoming
1907; 1914; 1917
5/17
Larrabee, Frances Payne (Fannie, Gamoo) - Outgoing
circa 1930
Payne family correspondence
Rolled Document
RD 1
Gray, Amanda Roy - Outgoing
1840
Box/Folder
5/18
Payne, Benjamin H. Outgoing,
1847
Box/Folder
5/19
Miscellaneous Larrabee family correspondence
circa 1930s-1970s
Subseries 3: Family personal papers
1880-1946
Charles Francis Larrabee
Box/Folder
5/20
American Legion Tour
1921
5/21
Anti-Narcotic Society
1925-1926
5/22
Marriage announcement (with Mary Adele Brownlie)
1917
Edward Payne Larrabee
Box/Folder
6/1
Antoinette “Ankey” Larrabee drawings and writings
circa 1927-1930
6/2
Ault, Norman, reviews and publications
circa 1941
6/3
British flag
undated
6/4
Pocket Diary
1929-1930
6/5
Drawings, notes, poems, and other writings
circa 1930s-1950s
6/6
Estate
1946
6/7
Lecture notebook - "Clinical Physiology" and "Respiration"
circa 1920s
6/8
Lecture notebook - "Morbid Histiology"
crica 1920s
6/9 - 6/10
Lists of books read
1916-1933
6/11
Marriage license and certificate
1919
6/12
Name misspellings
undated
6/13
Pamphlets and souveniers
circa 1930s-1944
6/14
Reed College thesis "William Blake: Thrice Blessed Solitaire"
1923
6/15
Report of birth for Edward Conyers McMillen Larrabee
1932 September 19
6/16
Sample business and calling cards
undated
6/17
Scrapbook (postcards)
1907
6/18
stationary samples from England
undated
Oversize Folder
OV 4
Strang, Ian. Drawing from Fothergills
1928
Box/Folder
6/19
University of Oxford
1925-1930
6/20
Washington State Parks Committee report
1922
6/21-6/22
World War I (post) and World War II matierals
circa 1930s-1940s
Frances Payne Larrabee
Box/Folder
6/23
“An Arch of Peace” essay re: the Blaine Peace Arch
1938
6/24
Bequests to grandchildren
undated
6/25
Birth certificates (Edward Payne and Mary Adele)
1897; 1902
6/26
Family financial and shipping receipts
1898
6/27
Last Will and Testament (First Codicil)
1938
6/28
Marriage Announcement
1892
6/29
Motor Vehicle License
1920
6/30
Notebook cover (leather)
undated
6/31
Poem
1885
6/32
Prescriptions
1914-1935
Oversize Folder
OV 5
Sheet Music (some dedicated to Frances Payne Larrabee)
1880 - 1937
Box/Folder
6/33
Miscellaneous tickets, souveniers, notes, and drawings
1930s-1940s
6/34
Publications
circa 1940s

Series III :  Larrabee photographscirca 1850s - 1999Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
People
Box/Folder
7/1
Benjamin Larrabee
circa 1920s
7/2
Charles X. Larrabee
circa 1890s
7/3
Charles Francis Larrabee
circa 1914-1918
7/4-7/6
Edward Payne Larrabee (Ned)
circa 1900-1930
Oversize Folder
OV 6
Edward Payne Larrabee (Ned)
circa 1908; circa 1930
OV 6
Frances Payne Larrabee
undated
Box/Folder
7/7
Frances Payne Larrabee
undated
7/8
Larrabee Family photos (Charles X. Larrabee’s relatives)
undated
7/9
Larrabee Family photos (Charles X. Larrabee and relatives)
circa 1850s-1914
7/10-7/14
Larrabee Family photos (general_
circa 1900s-2005
7/15
Larrabee Family photos (general) - Bellingham, WA reunion
2005
7/16
Larrabee Family photos - Morgan horses
undated
7/17
Larrabee Family Friends
1931; undated
7/18
Wyatt [?], John A. and sons (Harry, John, Frank, and George)
circa 1900s
Places
Box/Folder
8/1
Alaska (published book of early photos)
circa 1900
8/2
Bellingham, England
undated
8/3
Montana,
circa 1910s; undated; 1990s
8/4
Roslyn-Cascade Coal Mine
1944-1946
8/5
Swinomish gathering
undated
8/6
Whatcom County – Fairhaven hotel
circa 1955; undated
8/7
Whatcom County - Mt. Baker
circa 1920s-2000s
8/8
Whatcom County – Sailing Ships in Pleasant Bay
1904
8/9
Whatcom County – “The Vigilant”
circa 1936
8/10
Whatcom County – Whatcom Museum
circa 1970
8/11
Negatives
circa 1920s-1930s

Series IV :  Larrabee architectural records 1914-1928Return to Top

The bulk of correspondence is between Frances Payne Larrabee and the architectural firm of Bebb & Gould, reflecting Frances Larrabee’s active role in the design of the family residence at Hawthorn Road, Bellingham. Incoming and outgoing letters are interfiled and arranged in chronological order. Researchers should note that this correspondence includes passing reference to the Bellingham YWCA building, rebuilt following a 1915 gift from Frances Payne Larrabee and her daughter, Mary Adele

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
8/12
Contract for the Larrabee House
1914
8/13-8/17
Correspondence re: Larrabee House
1914 February 20 - 1919 March
8/18
Correspondence re: Larrabee House
undated
Blueprints of the Larrabee House (architectural drawings)
1914-1917
Oversize Folder
OV 7
1. The house--west elevation
1914 August 15
OV 7
2. The house--west elevation
1915 April
OV 7
3. The house--east elevation
1914 August 15
OV 7
4. The house--east elevation
1915 April
OV 7
5. The house--north elevation
1915 April
OV 7
6. The house--south elevation
1915
OV 7
7. The house--plan of the first floor
1915 April
OV 7
8. The house-- plan of the first floor
1914 August 15
OV 7
9. The house--plan of the second floor
1915 April
OV 7
10. The house--plan of the attic and roof
1915 April
OV 7
11. The house--porte cochere plan
1915 June 4
OV 7
12. The house--plan of living room bay
1915 June 3
OV 7
13. The house--plan of details of living room
1915 June 30
OV 7
14. The house--plan of living room mantel
1916 February 8
OV 7
15. The house--plan of leader head
1915 July 26
OV 7
16. The house--carved wood brackets plan
undated
OV 7
17. The grounds--layout and plan
undated
OV 7
18. The grounds--layout of landscaped garden
1916 September 29
OV 7
19. The garden--plan of pergola
1917 February 20
Box/Folder
8/19
Carl F. Gould’s description of Mrs. C.X. Larrabee’s residence
1928
8/20
Specifications for Charles Francis Larrabee residence, South Bellingham (Bebb & Gould architects)
1920
8/21
Unidentified architectural plans - possibly for basement of Larrabee residence
undated

Series V :  Larrabee real estate and property records 1890-2004Return to Top

Records include correspondence and clippings pertaining to the family residence at Hawthorn Road and Larrabee-owned property around Whatcom County(including Chuckanut Bay lands designated as Larrabee State Park). Records also include maps documenting Larrabee real estate. The bulk of correspondence regarding the Larrabee family house is between C.X. “X” Larrabee (son of Charles F. and Mary Adele Larrabee), Joel Douglas (subsequent owner of the house) and local historians Tyrone Tillotson and Rosamonde Van Miert. The correspondence includes many references to the history of Fairhaven.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
8/22
Correspondence re: Chuckanut Bay / Larrabee State Park lands
1971-1992
8/23
Correspondence re: Larrabee State Park development
1915-1988
8/24
Correspondence re: Larrabee family house
1988-2004
8/25
Larrabee Home – addition to National Register of Historic Places
1975
8/26
Articles (fragments) re: Larrabee family house
undated; circa 1995
8/27
Article re: Larrabee bulb farm property
1981
8/28
Articles re: Fairhaven property and history
circa 1890-1990
8/29
Check from Charles X. Larrabee to Nelson Bennett (copy)
1891
Maps
circa 1890-1975
map-folder
1
Whatcom County Real Estate
To view item level description of maps in the Larrabee collection, follow this hyperlink to the map catalog on the Center for Pacific Northwest Studies' website.
circa 1890-1975
2
Roslyn-Cascade Coal Company
To view item level description of maps in the Larrabee collection, follow this hyperlink to the map catalog on the Center for Pacific Northwest Studies' website.
1939

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Capitalists and financiers --Washington (State)--Bellingham -- History -- Sources.
  • Historic buildings --Washington (State) -- Fairhaven (Bellingham, Wash.) -- History --Sources.
  • Businessmen --Washington (State) --Bellingham --History --Sources.
  • Frontier and pioneer life --Washington (State)--Whatcom County --History--Sources.
  • Morgan horse --Breeding -- History --Sources.
  • Personal Names :
  • Larrabee, Charles Francis, 1895-1950
  • Larrabee, Charles X. (Charles Xavier), 1843-1914
  • Larrabee, Consuelo McMillan
  • Larrabee, Edward Payne, 1897-1944
  • Larrabee, Frances P., 1867-1941
  • Corporate Names :
  • Fairhaven Land Company.
  • Brook-Nook Stock Ranche (Mont.)
  • Roslyn-Cascade Coal Company.
  • Family Names :
  • Larrabee Family --Archives
  • Geographical Names :
  • Fairhaven (Bellingham, Wash.) -- History -- Sources.
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Gates, Cyrus, 1858-1927 (creator)