Jesse A. Applegate Collection, 1861-1934  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Applegate, Jesse A. (Jesse Applegate), 1835-1919.
Jesse A. Applegate Collection
1861-1934 (inclusive)
0.02 cubic feet, including 1 photograph, (1 box)
Collection Number
MSS Applegate
The Jesse A. Applegate Collection is comprised of materials created by and relating to Jesse A. Applegate, a young pioneer who travelled from Missouri to Oregon in 1843 with Lindsay Applegate (his father), Jesse Applegate (his uncle), and other members of the Applegate family. Included is a letter from Jesse A. Applegate to his cousin, John Miller (1861); a letter from Jesse A.'s brother, Oliver C. Applegate, to John Thomas Lee (1934); a photograph of Jesse A. Applegate (circa 1880); and a paperback edition of Jesse A. Applegate's memoir, Recollections of My Boyhood (1914).
Oregon State University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives Research Center
Special Collections and Archives Research Center
121 The Valley Library
Oregon State University
Corvallis OR
Telephone: 541-737-2075
Fax: 541-737-8674
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Jesse Applegate Applegate (often referred to as "Jesse A." to differentiate him from his famous pioneer uncle), was born in 1836 in St. Clair County, Missouri. In 1843, his father, Lindsay Applegate, and his uncles, Jesse and Charles Applegate, migrated with their families to the Oregon Country. During the journey, three members of the Applegate family, including Jesse's brother, Warren, drowned on the Columbia River. This tragedy was the catalyst for the founding of the Applegate Trail, a route from Idaho to southern Oregon through Nevada and northeastern California, bypassing the dangerous Columbia River.

After reaching Oregon, the Applegates settled temporarily in the Willamette Valley before relocating to the Umpqua Valley in southern Oregon. In 1853, the settlement was attacked by Rogue River Indians and Jesse joined a volunteer regiment led by his father to protect the white settlers in the area. Jesse went on to marry Virginia Watson and fathered two children, Warren and Arthur. Jesse died in Jacksonville, Oregon in 1919.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Jesse A. Applegate Collection is comprised of materials relating to the life of Oregon pioneer Jesse A. Applegate. The collection includes an 1861 letter from Applegate to his cousin, John Miller, in which Applegate discusses an illness he has contracted and requests news of his family home, noting that "there are so many family associations connected with [the home] that anything would be interesting to me"; a letter from Oliver C. Applegate (Jesse A.'s brother) to John Thomas Lee regarding Oliver's loan of a copy of Jesse A.'s memoir, Recollections of My Boyhood; a mounted portrait photograph (circa 1900) with the caption "Jesse A. Applegate in old age"; and a 1914 edition of Jesse A.'s memoir Recollections of My Boyhood.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Preferred Citation

Jesse A. Applegate Collection (MSS Applegate), Oregon State University Libraries Special Collections and Archives Research Center, Corvallis, Oregon.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Frontier and pioneer life--Oregon.
  • Personal Names :
  • Applegate, Jesse A. (Jesse Applegate), 1835-1919.
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographic prints.
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Applegate, Oliver C. (Oliver Clark) (creator)