Fort Missoula (Mont.) Collection, 1877-1899  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Fort Missoula (Mont.)
Title
Fort Missoula (Mont.) Collection
Dates
1877-1899 (inclusive)
Quantity
0.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Mss 100 (collection)
Summary
This collection includes photocopies and originals of materials related to the construction and daily business of early Fort Missoula, and also contains information on the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana-Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Between 1867 and 1876 citizens in Missoula, Montana Territory, pleaded, protested, and petitioned for a military post. While Indian problems usually initiated each round of concern, local newspapers editorials touted the value of a military presence for encouraging immigration and business. In 1876, the War Department approved a company post and appropriated funds. Construction began in the summer of 1877 but Indian trouble delayed the work. Barracks and non-commissioned officer's quarters were completed in February 1878, and in mid-summer of the same year officer's quarters were finished.

On May 12, 1896, Fort Missoula's 2nd Lieutenant James A. Moss received permission to organize the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps, the first of its kind in the country. The Corps, consisting of eight black enlisted men, practiced riding in formation, drilling, scaling fences up to nine-feet high, fording streams, and pedaling 40 miles a day. After a successful trek to Yellowstone National Park, the Corps took on the challenge of riding from Missoula to St. Louis, Missouri. That forty-one day journey in the summer of 1897 was the last for the Bicycle Corps. By 1898 war with Spain was probable and military priorities shifted.

Fort Missoula remained active for a number of years as a military installation. It also housed the Civilian Conservation Corps during the 1930s and Italian, German, and Japanese internees during WWII. There were no regular military forces at Fort Missoula after 1947.

Fort Missoula was formally decommissioned in April, 2001.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection includes photocopies and originals of materials related to the construction and daily business of early Fort Missoula. The collection also includes photocopies of several reports on the travels of the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps in 1896 and 1897.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document or photograph number], Fort Missoula Collection, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana-Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Construction and daily business of Fort Missoula , 1877-1889Return to Top

0.2 linear feet

This series includes a photocopies of Fort Missoula letterbooks from 1877 with correspondence about the military's activities from constructing the Fort to defending Montana Territory civilians and a microfilm copy of a Fort Missoula letterbook from Jan. 2, 1883 to May 9, 1884. Other materials relate to construction and supplies.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
Photocopy of letterbook
1877
1/2
Photocopy of letterbook
1883-1884
1/3
Photocopy of letter to A.M. Holter & Co.
1877
1/4
Design for root house
1878
1/5
Estimate of Quartermaster's Shares
1886
1/6
Letter to Lt. C.A. Devol
1889
Volume
1
Bound letterbook photocopy
1879-1881
Microfilm
1
Fort Missoula letterbook
1883-1884

Series II:  Reports on 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps trips , 1896-1897Return to Top

0.3 linear feet

This series includes detailed reports on the Bicycle Corps trips that include such information as weather, road or trail conditions, specific daily routes, equipment conditions, and the condition of the men in the Corps.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/7
Report on 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps trip to Yellowstone
August ca. 1896
1/8
Report on 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps trip
1896
1/9
Special Order for 25th Infantry
1897
1/10
Report on 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps trip
1897

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Fortification--Montana
  • Corporate Names :
  • United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 25th. Bicycle Corps
  • Geographical Names :
  • Fort Missoula (Mont.)
  • Montan--History, Militar--19th century