Dan Fulton Papers, 1912-1990  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Fulton, Dan, 1904-1993
Title
Dan Fulton Papers
Dates
1912-1990
Quantity
18.5 linear feet
Collection Number
Collection 2269, MtBC, us (collection)
Summary
The Dan Fulton Papers consist of correspondence of both a personal and professional nature, financial records both personal and ranch related; various records and papers dealing with the Fulton Ranch and its livestock production; research materials including correspondence, articles, newsclips, books, papers, and maps; personal memorabilia, scrap books, and photographs. The collection also includes papers pertaining to Dan's political interests, and a large volume of written work in the form of speeches and articles. Subjects covered in the collection include farming, ranching, various aspects of cattle and sheep production, conservation, land tenure, public land use, property valuation for tax purposes, predators (coyotes, wolves, and grizzly bear, homesteading, and early history of the Ismay, Montana area.
Repository
Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT
59717-3320
Telephone: 406-994-4242
Fax: 406-994-2851
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Daniel A. Fulton was born on June 8, 1904 to William and Bertha (Fluss) Fulton. He was named in honor of his father's friend and partner Dan S. MacKay. He attended public schools in Ismay, Montana and briefly attended Montana State College. From shortly after his birth until 1959, Dan called the Fulton Ranch in eastern Montana home. Dan's father William passed away in 1929 and at the age of 25 years, Dan took over management of the Fulton Ranch. At the time of the ranch's sale in 1959, the Fulton Ranch consisted of 60 sections of land: 53 sections deeded and 7 leased or under individual permit. Most of the land was rangeland and the Fultons ran both cattle and sheep. Dan's breeds of choice were Hereford cattle and Targhee sheep. In addition to managing the extensive Fulton holdings, Dan served in varying capacities in the following organizations: Director and Secretary of the Fallon Creek Cooperative State Grazing District from 1940 to 1957; Chairman of the Montana Grass Commission from 1949 to 1951; President of the American Society of Range Management in 1951; President of the Montana Stockgrowers Association from 1954 to 1955; President of the Montana Wool Growers Association from 1957 to 1958; member of the Natural Resources Committee of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce from 1954 to 1957; Director and as Vice President of the Bank of Baker; Director of the American Sheep Producers Council; member of the American National Cattleman's Association and the National Wool Growers Association. He also served on the Soil and Water Conservation advisory committee of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. After selling the Fulton Ranch in 1959, Dan served as Chairman of the (Montana) State Board of Equalization from 1960 to 1964 and he also worked as Finance Chairman for the U.S. Senate campaign of Republican Sumner Gerard in 1960. Throughout his life, Dan was an avid researcher and writer, publishing numerous articles and also a book entitled Failure on the Plains-A Rancher's view of the Public Lands Problem. In his later years, Dan traveled extensively with his wife Mary Ann to such places as Spain, Argentina, and Australia gathering information for Dan's continued research into the cattle and sheep industries. He married Mary Ann George on February 21, 1931, and they had 3 children, M. Louise, Dorothy (Dottie), and D. George. Dan Fulton died on March 22, 1993 at Des Moines, Iowa.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Fulton papers consist of correspondence of both a personal and professional nature, financial records both personal and ranch related; various records and papers dealing with the Fulton Ranch and its livestock production; research materials including correspondence, articles, newsclips, books, papers, and maps; personal memorabilia, scrap books, and photographs. The collection also includes papers pertaining to Dan's political interests, and a large volume of written work in the form of speeches and articles. Subjects covered in the collection include farming, ranching, various aspects of cattle and sheep production, conservation, land tenure, public land use, property valuation for tax purposes, predators (coyotes, wolves, and grizzly bear, homesteading, and early history of the Ismay, Montana area. Organizations such as the Montana Stockgrowers Association, the Montana Wool Growers Association, the American Sheep Producers Council, and the American Society for Range Management are also represented. Correspondents include various university staff members (particularly, but not limited to, MSU, U.S. Forest Service staff, and others associated with the cattle and sheep industries. Most of the papers in the collection arrived in a series of several alphabetic files, filed either by subject or in the case of correspondence, by the correspondent's last name or by the department or organization with which the correspondent was associated. Some newsclips and articles were filed by date of article only. In almost all instances the original subject/file headings used by Dan Fulton were retained. Some particularly large files were broken down into chronological order to make the material easier to use. Occasionally other internal subject divisions were used to break down large files for easier use. Loose materials were filed in existing files when possible. If no appropriate file existed, a new subject file was created. Newsclips and articles arranged by date only were placed in created subject files when possible in order to make it easier for the researcher to use the material. Photographs have been removed from files and placed in Series 8.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series 1:  Personal correspondence, papers, records, 1928-1986Return to Top

Container(s): Box 1-11

Personal correspondence written or received by Dan Fulton or his wife Mary Ann from persons other than family members; correspondence and associated materials pertaining to all organizations to which Dan or Mary Ann belonged excepting the Republican Party; personal financial records, and other papers/records pertaining to their personal life. For familial correspondence see Series 5. For Republican Party documents see Series 4.

Series 2:  Fulton Ranch records, 1912-1969Return to Top

Container(s): Box 12-17, 34-37

Correspondence relating to ranch operations, financial records, all manner of livestock records, and some articles directly pertinent to ranch management, livestock production, etc. Large ledgers and journals dealing with the financial aspects of the Fulton Ranch have placed in been boxes 33-36.

Series 3:  Research filesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 18-27, 38-39

Correspondence to gather research information on a wide variety of historical and agricultural subjects of interest to Dan and Mary Fulton; exchanges of information, exchanges of written articles/printed materials, newsclips and articles saved. Some of the newsclips and article files have been indexed by the Fultons.

Series 4:  Politics, 1957-1964Return to Top

Persons, correspondence and articles pertaining to Dan and Mary Ann Fulton's political involvement with the Republican Party in Montana.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
28/1
Baldridge, Greg
28/2
Battin, James F. for Congress
28/3-4
Battin, James F. for Congress-Campaign
1960
28/5
Gerard, Sumner for U.S. Senate
28/6
Lewis and Clark Republican Women
28/7
Republican Mainstream Committee
28/8
Republican Party
28/9
Republican State Central Committee

Series 5:  Family Members, circa 1960s-1990sReturn to Top

Correspondence and newsclips pertaining to and received from the relatives and children of Dan and Mary Ann Fulton.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
29/1
Askin, Bob
29/2
Burt family
29/3
Carpenter, Dorothy (Dottie) Fulton
29/4
Castleberry, Vivian Fulton
29/5
Fulton, Bertha
29/6
Fulton, William
29/7
Fluss, William

Series 6:  Writings and SpeechesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 30-31

Contains the fruits of Dan Fulton's research represented in Series 3. This series includes written manuscripts, articles, speeches and some notes. Also included are: an audiotape of Fulton's oral history interview with Merrill G. Burlingame at the Montana State University Library on July 1-2, 1976, a partial typed transcription of that interview with an entirely different title, and three audiocassettes of a presentation Fulton made to the Agricultural History Symposium on the MSU campus in June, 1976.

Series 7:  Biographical informationReturn to Top

Biographical information prepared for press release and newspaper articles created by others and concerning Dan and Mary Ann Fulton, their activities, their opinions and viewpoints, their ranch and their children.

Container(s) Description
Box/Folder
32/1
Biographical Sketches
32/2
"Failure on the Plains" Book Reviews
32/3
"Failure on the Plains" Miscellaneous notes
32/4
'In the News' Dan Speaks Out-various issues
32/5
'In the News' Dan on Grizzly Bears
32/6
'In the News' Dan receives Honorary Degree
32/7
'In the News' Dan and the Little International
32/8
'In the News' Dan and the Montana Stockgrowers Association
32/9
'In the News' Dan and the Montana Wool Growers Association
32/10
'In the News' Dan and the State Board of Equalization
32/11
'In the News' Dan and the State Board of Equalization
32/12
'In the News' Dan and the State Board of Equalization
32/13
'In the News' Dan and the State Board of Equalization
32/14
'In the News' Dan and the State Board of Equalization
32/15
'In the News' Dan and Mary Ann-miscellaneous
32/16
'In the News' Mary Ann
32/17
'In the News' Fulton Children
32/18
'In the News' Fulton Livestock
32/19
'In the News' Fulton Ranch Sale
32/20
'In the News' Fulton's Private Dial Phone System
32/21
'In the News' Ranch Service Company
32/22
Gift to Library
32/23
Miscellaneous

Series 8:  Photographs, circa 1950s-1980sReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 33

Photographs have been removed from all files and are grouped as follows: Photos #1-12, Portraits of Dan Fulton, taken approximately 1957-1959 probably by Schlecten Studios, Bozeman, MT; Photos #13-14, Dan and Horse, from Bird, John file; Photos #15-18, Dan and Sheep, Fulton Ranch, from the Vessey, Jim file, letter dated 2/2/55; Photo #19, Dan, from newsclips files; Photo #20-21, Dan, from Anderson, LeRoy file; Photo #22, Dan (front row, 4th from left), from Dyksterhuis, E. J. file; Photo #23, Dan (middle row, 3rd from right) Officers and Directors of the American Sheep Producers Council 3/12/57; Photo #24, Dan (middle row, 6th from left) Range Cattle Trip, 1950, from Swift and Co. file; Photos #25-27 Dan and Mary Ann, Alaska Cruise Trip; Photo #28, Mary Ann Fulton, from Montana State Normal, Dillon file; Photo #29, William Fulton (Dan's father), from Fulton, William file; Photos #30-40, Ismay and O'Fallon Creek Area; Photo #41, Fulton Ranch Section Map; Photo #42, Sheep (probably Fulton's Targhees at John Paugh Ranch), from Paugh, John Jr. file; Photo #43, Bob Askin, from Askin, Bob file, letter dated 12/14/78; Photo #44, Unknown woman, from Fulton, Mary Ann file; Photos #45-47, African Cattle and Bushman, from Dutton, W. L. file; Photos #48-52, Pictures from Australia-People by plane (Hadden and Jeanne Mims?), Man with children-M. M. Kelso, from American Society of Range Management-Rangelands file, see 7-16-81 letter to Danny Freeman; Photo #53, Old photo, cowboys/wranglers, from Mackay, Donald file; Photos #54-58, Old photos (possibly early Mackay/Fulton Ranch pictures), from Kelso, M. M. file; Photo #59, Bob Askin and Helen Huntington Smith, 1951; Photos #60-85, Montana Wool Growers Convention (1947, 1949, 1951) #84 and and85 have negatives; Photos #86-107 microscopic fleece/wool fiber photos; Photo #108, Allen Temko. Also Negatives of Smith picture of Fulton Ranch about 1900, and Montana Wool Grower Convention negatives.

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Agriculture-Montana
  • Cattle trade-Montana
  • Conservation of natural resources-Montana
  • Hereford cattle-Montana
  • Land use-Montana
  • Livestock-Predators of-Montana
  • Public lands-Montana
  • Ranchers-Montana
  • Ranches-Montana
  • Ranching-Montana
  • Sheep industry-Montana
  • Sheep ranches-Montana
  • Corporate Names :
  • American Sheep Producers Council
  • American Society of Range Management
  • Montana State University--Bozeman
  • Montana Stockgrowers Association
  • Montana Wool Growers Association
  • Republican Party (Mont.)
  • United States-Forest Service
  • Geographical Names :
  • Fulton Ranch (Mont.)
  • Ismay (Mont.)
  • Montana-Politics and government-20th century
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Business records-Montana
  • Family papers-Montana
  • Personal papers-Montana
  • Photographs-Montana
  • Scrapbooks-Montana
  • Speeches, addresses, etc., American-Montana
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Fulton, Mary Ann (creator)