Royal Augustus Bensell (1838-1921) was born in Cassville, Wisconsin, and traveled to California with his father in 1849.
Bensell was a resident of Volcano, California at the time of the American Civil War and enlisted in Company D, 4th California Infantry. The company was assigned to Ft. Yamhill, Oregon, where Bensell, a corporal, spent the next three years soldiering and keeping a diary.
He later moved to Yaquina Bay, and was an early settler of Newport, Oregon.
The collection (1862-1864) contains a diary kept during the American Civil War, and a scrapbook.
The diary consists of four volumes, from 1862 to 1864.
The diary was later edited by Gunter Barth. It was published by University of Oregon Books, in 1959, under the title, All Quiet on the Yamhill.
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[Identification of item], Royal Augustus Bensell diary and scrapbook, Ax 118, Special Collections & University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, Oregon.