Arthur and Freda Hancy Photograph Collection, 1909-1914  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Hancy, Arthur
Arthur and Freda Hancy Photograph Collection
1909-1914 (inclusive)
10 photographic prints (1 folder) ; 5 x 7 inches
Collection Number
Photographs in and around Carbonado, Washington, and photographs of the memorial labor parade in Seattle on May 30, 1914
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
Access Restrictions

Entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries’ Digital Collections website. Permission of Visual Materials Curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

Carbonado is located near the Carbon River in northern Pierce County, Washington, approximately 50 miles southeast of Seattle and 12 miles northwest of Mt. Rainier National Park. Carbonado served as an important coal mining community in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when the town operated the largest coal mine in Pierce County.

Since they constituted one of the largest mining operations in Washington State, miners from Carbonado likely participated in local labor activities along with other industrial workers. On May 30, 1914, nearly 7,000 people gathered in Seattle for a memorial parade to honor those who died in support of the labor movement. Noted labor activist Mary Harris Mother Jones led the parade, and after the march she gave remarks urging nationalization of America's mining industry and increased safety and compensation for miners. The memorial parade occurred during a period of intense conflict regarding mine safety and regulation, highlighted by violent mining strikes in Michigan and Colorado. The parade was the largest recorded labor gathering in Seattle, and it also marked the labor movement's first explicitly memorial parade in the United States.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The collection contains scenes in and around Carbonado,Washington, images from the memorial labor parade in downtown Seattle that occurred on May 30, 1914, and portraits of miners.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions might exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact the repository for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top

Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top


The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Carbonado, Washington, and vicinityReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
1 1 May 1909
1 2 circa 1909
1 3 circa 1913
1 4 circa 1910
1 5
 Carbon River Canyon
Northern Pacific railroad tracks are visible in the photograph.
circa 1910

Labor Movement Memorial Parade, Seattle, WashingtonReturn to Top

The goal of the memorial parade was to honor people who died in support of the labor movement. Participants wore everyday working clothes, bore somber expressions, and carried only approved signs and banners that directly memorialized deceased labor advocates. The parade began at 6th Avenue and continued west on University Street to 4th Avenue, where it turned south until Cherry Street. Marchers traveled one block west on Cherry before turning on 3rd Avenue and continuing north to Blanchard Street. The parade ended at 3rd and Blanchard with remarks from labor activist Mary Harris "Mother" Jones.

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
1 6
 Beginning of parade at 6th Avenue and University Street
Banner reading "In Memory of the Children of Calumet" visible in the photograph. The banner remembered 89 children who died in a fire during the Michigan copper strike of 1913.
May 30, 1914
1 7 May 30, 1914
1 8
 Parade traveling north on 3rd Avenue
Cobb Building located at 4th Avenue and University Street visible in the photograph.
May 30, 1914

PortraitsReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
1 9 undated
1 10
 Idris Evans, two men, and Thomas David Evans
"Thomas David Evans in USA died of pneumonia in Carbonado mines. . ."

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Coal miners--Washington (State)--Carbonado--Photographs
  • Demonstrations--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Parades--Washington (State)--Seattle--Photographs
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)
  • Personal Names :
  • Hancy, Arthur (creator)
  • Geographical Names :
  • Carbonado (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Seattle (Wash.)--Photographs
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Photographic prints
  • Photographs
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Hancy, Freda (collector)