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EARLE AND SARA WRIGHT STRAIN FAMILY PAPERS, 1889-1953

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Strain, Earle, 1866-1953
Title
EARLE AND SARA WRIGHT STRAIN FAMILY PAPERS
Dates
1889-1953 (inclusive)
Quantity
1.2 linear feet of shelf space
Collection Number
MC 249
Summary
Earle Strain was a Great Falls, Montana, physician and one of the discoverers of the cause of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Papers consist of genealogical and biographical information; correspondence (1895-1946) of Strain and his wife Sara; a diary by Sara Wright Strain kept while they were in Europe; household financial records; memorabilia; and clippings.
Repository
Montana Historical Society, Research Center Archives
Montana Historical Society Research Center Archives
225 North Roberts
PO Box 201201
Helena MT
59620-1201
Telephone: 406-444-2681
Fax: 406-444-5297
mhslibrary@mt.gov
Languages
English

Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Earle Strain was born in Flesherton, Ontario, May 24, 1866, the third of eleven children of William and Eliza Jane (Bell) Strain. Earle began the study of medicine at the University of Toronto, but in 1888 transferred to the University of Pennsylvania. After graduation in 1890, he established a practice in Minot, North Dakota. In January 1895 Strain and his wife travelled to Europe where he studied medicine in Berlin and Vienna. The couple also travelled widely, and took advantage of the cultural opportunities of Europe. In 1896, following his return from Europe, Strain accepted an appointment as company physician for the Boston and Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver Mining Company in Great Falls. He later established a private practice there. In 1901, in cooperation with Dr. A.F. Longeway, Dr. Strain began a study of Rocky Mountain spotted fever which led to the recognition that the disease was carried by the wood tick. Dr. Strain was active in the Montana State Medical Association and numerous other professional associations, as well as the Round Table Club, and the Masons. Sara Eliza Wright was born in Flesherton, Ontario, November 22, 1868, the fourth of five children of Thorpe E. and Eliza (James) Wright. She attended the University of Toronto. During her residence in Great Falls she was active in the Methodist Church and in the Travel Club. Dr. Earle Strain and Sara Eliza Wright were married December 11, 1894, in Flesherton, Ontario. Sara died October 1, 1943. Earle died June 1, 1953.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

Papers. 1889-1953. 1.2 linear feet. Papers consist of incoming correspondence (1889-1918) from Jerome Billiet, a Belgian war orphan and others; general correspondence (1896-1953); outgoing correspondence (1895-1896) from Sara Wright Strain in Berlin, Vienna, and London to relatives in the United States and Canada; household and medical practice financial records (1896-1904); photographs and postcards (1895-1896) from Europe; printed material (1895-1896) consisting primarily of souvenirs from Europe; subject files on Rocky Mountain spotted fever and on the Round Table Club of Great Falls; miscellany (including articles by others on medicine and science, school materials, membership cards, certificates)

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

Biographical Material Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 1
Genealogical and biographical information on Strain and Wright families
1 / 2
Miscellaneous (includes obituaries, forms for published biographical dictionaries)
1930-1953

Incoming Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 3
Jerome Billiet, Belgian godchild (includes letters from "Pour les Enfants" a relief agency for Belgian war orphans)
1917-1918
1 / 4
L. Schmidt Deserieux [in French]
1895-1896
1 / 5
Hattie and Sallie Taylor
1889-1892

General Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 6
Miscellaneous
1896-1953

Outgoing Correspondence Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 7
Sara Wright Strain [in Berlin] to family members in Canada and United States [restricted: fragile, use transcripts in folder 10]
Jan.-Nov. 1895
1 / 8
Sara Wright Strain [in Vienna] to family members in Canada and United States [restricted: fragile, use transcripts in folder 11]
Nov. 1895- Apr. 1896
1 / 9
Sara Wright Strain [in London] to family members in Canada and United States [restricted: fragile, use transcripts in folder 12]
Apr.-July 1896
1 / 10
Sara Wright Strain [in Berlin] to family members in Canada and United States [typescripts]
Jan.-Nov. 1895
1 / 11
Sara Wright Strain [in Vienna] to family members in Canada and United States [typescripts]
Nov. 1895- Apr. 1896
1 / 12
Sara Wright Strain [in London] to family members in Canada and United States [typescripts]
Apr.-July 1896

Diaries Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 13
Sara Wright Strain diary on travel to England, France, and Germany [also used by Earle Strain for medical lecture notes]
Jan.-Aug. 1895

Financial Records Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1 / 14
Business licenses: Great Falls and Cascade County
1897-1903
1 / 15
Invoices and receipts: furniture
1897-1901
1 / 16
Invoices and receipts: house repairs at 317 1st Avenue North, Great Falls
1900-1903
1 / 17
Invoices and receipts: household expenses
1896-1904
1 / 18
Invoices and receipts: medical and scientific books
1899-1902
1 / 19
Invoices and receipts: medical instruments
1899-1903
1 / 20
Invoices and receipts: newspaper and city directory advertisements
1900-1903
1 / 21
Invoices and receipts: optical supplies
1900-1904
1 / 22
Invoices and receipts: rent payments to Boston and Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver Mining Company for house on Smelter Hill
1899-1901
1 / 23
Invoices and receipts: telephone
1900-1903
1 / 24
Invoices and receipts: utilities
1900-1904
1 / 25
Property taxes
1900
Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
4 / 1
"Map of a portion of Western Montana showing area infected by Spotted Fever," by Finkelnburg and Catlin [oversize]
n.d.

Photographs Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 1
Postcards and photographs: Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France
1895-1896

Printed Material Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 2
German and French language books
ca. 1895
2 / 3
Methodist hymn book
1884
2 / 4
Opera programs and librettos
1895-1896
2 / 5
Souvenir travel books
1895-1896

Subject Files Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 6
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
n.d.
2 / 7
Round Table Club, Great Falls: history of the Club
1916-1936
2 / 8
Round Table Club, Great Falls: discussion papers on religion and philosophy
1922, 1928 n.d.

Miscellany Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
2 / 9
Articles on gland disease
1935-1936 n.d.
2 / 10
Articles on physicians and scientists (includes Walter Reed, Theodore Billroth, George Miller Sternberg, William Henry Welch, Ivan Pavlov)
2 / 11
Articles on science and medicine
3 / 1
Calling cards, invitations
1895-1896, n.d.
3 / 2
Certificates: Montana and North Dakota medical licenses, declaration of intent, citizenship, marriage, Orden der Hermanns-Soehne membership, War Dept. Medical Advisory Board, Masonic Lodge, et al.
1891-1944
4 / 2
Certificates: Washington (State) medical license, Masonic membership, academic certificates, Veterans Association of Great Northern Railway [oversize]
1890-1936
3 / 3
Course notes
1890s
4 / 3
Course notes: charts on diseases [oversize]
n.d.
3 / 4
Membership cards and receipts
1900-1953
3 / 5
Notebooks on German grammar, addresses, itinerary
1895
3 / 6
Poem (toast to a bride) [in German]
ca. 1895
3 / 7
Railroad schedules and rates
1906-1910
3 / 8
University of Pennsylvania Dept. of Medicine school records and memorabilia
1887-1904
3 / 9
University of Toronto School of Medicine school records and memorabilia
1886-1888
3 / 10
Miscellaneous (includes medical course tickets, post office information, advertisements, etc.) [in German]
1895-1896

Clippings Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 11
Great Falls (Mont.) and Minot (N.D.) history

Transfers Return to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3 / 12
List of printed material transferred to Library
3 / 13
List of artifacts transferred to Museum

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