Richard B. Roeder Papers, 1949-1995  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Roeder, Richard B.
Title
Richard B. Roeder Papers
Dates
1949-1995
Quantity
22.8 linear feet
Collection Number
Collection 2346, MtBC, us (collection)
Summary
The Richard B. Roeder Papers consist of notes taken as a student; personal, research, and business correspondence; teaching files; subject research files; Roeder articles and papers; bibliographies; lecture and conference tapes; and all the notes, readings, correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, and general information associated with the 1972 constitutional convention. Roeder's interest in Montana history is reflected in his more extensive research on agriculture, early territorial history, women, homesteading, Indians, transportation, and lakes. The papers also include many notes taken from Montana newspapers during the territorial and early statehood period covering such topics as Gibson, politics and Montana's constitution. Roeder's own experience with constitutional issues from the 1970s compliments these early historical references and many of the clippings date from this period as well.
Repository
Montana State University Library, Merrill G. Burlingame Special Collections
Montana State University-Bozeman Library
Merrill G Burlingame Special Collections
P.O. Box 173320
Bozeman, MT
59717-3320
Telephone: 406-994-4242
Fax: 406-994-2851
spcoll@www.lib.montana.edu
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Additional Reference Guides

An alternative form of this finding aid can be found at http://www.lib.montana.edu/collect/spcoll/findaid/2346.html

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Richard B. Roeder was born in Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania on August 23, 1930, the sixth child of Herman and Mary Roeder. Roeder attended local schools and one year of post-graduate study at Admiral Farragut Academy in New Jersey. He attended Swarthmore College as an undergraduate student, and graduated in 1953. Graduate study was at the University of Pennsylvania, were he received his Masters in History in 1957 and his doctorate in 1971. Roeder worked for the University of Montana School of Pharmacy and the Montana Legislative Council before receiving a teaching position at Montana State University (MSU) in 1962. His teaching career at MSU lasted for twenty-two years, retiring in 1984. Roeder continued to teach as an adjunct professor into the 1990s at Carroll College. Roader's research interest were primarily concerned with aspects of Montana history. With Michael Malone, Roeder edited three books on Montana history. Yet, his best known book is Montana: A History of Two Centuries, co-authored with Malone in 1976 and reprinted in 1991 with the addition of William Lang. Roeder also contributed articles or essays to Montana: The Magazine of Western History, Montana Law Review, The Last Best Place: A Montana Anthology, Montana Myths, and Montana and the West: Essays in Honor of K. Ross Toole. Richard Roeder's interests also included public affairs. He was appointed by the governor to the Constitution Revision Commission in 1969. Two years later he won election as a delegate to the state's Constitutional Convention, were he served on the convention's Executive Committee and Committee on Style and Drafting. He also worked for the state's Lieutenant Governors' Office between 1984-1988. Roeder served on the editorial board of Montana: The Magazine of Western History, was as active participant with the Montana Committee for the Humanities, a citizen member of the Judicial Nomination Commission, and a member of the Montana Historical Society Board of Trustees. He twice won The Montana Award in the Humanities. Richard Roeder married Janet Merrill of Missoula, Montana in 1953. The couple had three children, Karin, Ellen, and Thomas. Roeder died on December 23, 1995 in Helena, Montana.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The Roeder collection has been arranged in 13 series based mostly chronologically over his years as a student, teacher, public official, and researcher. The collection consists of notes taken as a student; personal, research, and business correspondence; teaching files; subject research files; Roeder articles and papers; bibliographies; lecture and conference tapes; and all the notes, readings, correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, and general information associated with the 1972 constitutional convention. Roeder's interest in Montana history is reflected in his more extensive research on agriculture, early territorial history, women, homesteading, Indians, transportation, and lakes. Individuals that Roeder focused on include Thomas Carter, Grace Stone Coates, Joseph Kinsey Howard, James and Granville Stuart, Ella Knowles and Paris Gibson. The research on Gibson is particularly voluminous. The papers also include many notes taken from Montana newspapers during the territorial and early statehood period covering such topics as Gibson, politics and Montana's constitution. Roeder's own experience with constitutional issues from the 1970s compliments these early historical references and many of the clippings date from this period as well. Titles on the folders mostly duplicate titles used by Roeder. Papers in the original folders have generally remained under that folder's title, and as a result researchers are advised that particular subjects of interest may be found in more than one series.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series 1:  Swarthmore College, 1949-1953Return to Top

Notes, exams, and papers from classes taken as an undergraduate student at Swarthmore College. Also in the series are a few newspaper clippings and Roeder's 1953 yearbook.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
1/1
American History
1/2
American Literature
1/3
Philosophy
2/1
Diplomatic History
2/2
American Literature
2/3
Newspaper Clippings
2/4
Yearbook
1953

Series 2:  University of Pennsylvania, 1954-1957Return to Top

Notes, papers, and exams from classes taken as a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania, along with a small amount of personal correspondence.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
3/1
Europe
1300-1500
3/2-5
Late Middle Ages
3/6-11
Europe Since
1815
3/12-15
Europe Since
1870
3/16-18
Diplomatic History
4/1
France
4/2-3
Germany
4/4
Europe
4/5-7
Latin America Since
1810
4/8-9
Latin America Since
1914
4/10-11
Thought and Culture
1775-1820
4/12-14
Thought and Culture
1820-1865
4/15-16
Thought and Culture
1865-1900
4/17
Thought and Culture
1900-1920
5/1-5
U.S. History
to 1815
5/6-12
U.S. History
5/13-15
U.S. Social History
5/16-18
U.S. Economic History
6/1-3
U.S. Political History
6/4
Progressivism
6/5
Miscellaneous Notes
6/6
Roeder Papers
6/7
Correspondence

Series 3:  School of Pharmacy/Legislative CouncilReturn to Top

Mostly personal correspondence during a period when Roeder worked as a stockroom clerk at the University of Montana's School of Pharmacy in Missoula, and as a Research Associate with the Montana Legislative Council in Helena. Also included are research notes and a graduate paper written by Roeder on "Civil War and Reconstruction."

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
7/1
Correspondence
1957-1959
7/2
Legislative Council
1959-1962
7/3
Correspondence
1959-1962
7/4
Roeder Notes/Paper
1959-1962

Series 4:  Montana State University, 1962-1984Return to Top

The bulk of this series is Roeder's correspondence during his time as a history professor at Montana State. Personal, business, and research related letters, memos and dated general information are chronologically arranged by year, and within the folders by days. The series also contains a copy of his dissertation titled, "Montana in the Early Years of the Progressive Period," positions Roeder applied for at Montana State, student letters of recommendation, and Montana State administration papers.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
8/1
Applied for teaching Position
8/2-9
Correspondence
1963-1971
8/10
Dissertation
1971
8/11-14
Correspondence
1972-1974
9/1-5
Correspondence
1975-1979
9/6
MSU Positions Applied For
9/7-9
Correspondence
1980-1982
9/10
Correspondence - Dearborn River
1980-1982
9/11-13
Correspondence
1983-1984
9/14-16
Student Letters of Recommendation
1963-1976
10/1-2
Student Letters of Recommendation
1977-1984
10/3-4
Administration
1963-1986

Series 5:  Lieutenant Governors’ Office, 1985-1988Return to Top

Roeder worked for the Lieutenant Governors’ Office for three years as a Administrative Assistant. Personal, job, and research related correspondence make up most of this series, and has been arranged by year, and within the folders by days. Also included are folders on individual projects Roeder was involved with, such as Montana's Centennial and Constitutional Reform Debate.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
11/1-10
Correspondence
1985-1986
11/11
Constitutional Reform Debate
1986 October
11/12-17
Correspondence
1987-1988
11/18
Personnel
11/19-21
Centennial Project

Series 6:  Adjunct Professor/Researcher, 1988-1995Return to Top

This period proved to be a prolific time as a writing for Richard Roeder. Nine of his published articles, essays, introductions, or forwards were printed during these eight year. The series reflects his short lived work as a historical consultant on the Arco Project. His interactions with Montana Center For The Book, his pieces for the Helena newspaper, "Quarries From Last Chance Gulch," and his interests in Swarthmore College are part of the series. Correspondence includes papers related to his personal, business, research, and general information interests. Roeder also applied for positions at Carroll Collage and Montana Historical Society during this time.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
12/1-3
Arco Correspondence
1988
12/4
Arco Work Diary
1988
12/5
Arco Document
12/6
RBR Research
1988-1989
12/7
RBR Research - Banking
1988-1989
12/8
Correspondence
1989
12/9
Constitutional Symposium
1989
12/10
Swarthmore Admission
1989-1990
12/11
Student Letters of Recommendation
1988-1990
12/12-16
Correspondence
1990-1992
12/17
Carroll College Job Application
1990
12/18
Montana Historical Society Job Application
1992
13/1
Correspondence
1993-1995
13/2
Swarthmore Class Reunion
1993
13/3-5
Montana Center For The Book
1990-1994
13/6
Quarries From Last Chance Gulch
1994-1995

Series 7:  Personal and Miscellaneous, circa 1960-1995Return to Top

This series is somewhat of a catch-all for undated personal cards and letters, story and writing ideas of Roeder's, his personal biography and vita, wills, and photographs. There is also a folder of conferences he attended, awards he received, and reviews of his books.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
14/1
Conferences - Awards - Reviews
14/2
Miscellaneous Correspondence
14/3
Writings
14/4
Stories
14/5
Art/Drawings
14/6
Photographs #1-14
14/7
Biographical/Vita
14/8
Wills

Series 8:  Teaching Files, circa 1962-1992Return to Top

The teaching files of Richard Roeder reflect over 30 years of historical information gathering and knowledge. Most of the files are from his years at Montana State. Yet Roeder taught at Carroll College, College at Great Falls, and the University of Montana as well. The series is arranged by the university and the name of the course taught. If the college name is not on the folder, the course was taught at Montana State. Information on each course may include a class syllabus, reading lists, course outlines, copies of exams, bibliographies, articles, newspaper clippings, and notes by Roeder. Research notes and lecture notes blend together. Course notes may also be found in the Research File Series, as research notes are in the Teaching File Series.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
15/1
Miscellaneous Syllabus
15/2
History of Montana - Articles
15/3
History of Montana - Outline
15/4-6
History of Montana - Class Paper/Readings/Discussion Notes
15/7
History of Montana - Maps/Population
15/8-9
History of Montana - Miscellaneous Bibliography
15/10
History of Montana - Newspaper Clippings
15/11-12
History of Montana - Notes
15/13-17
History of Montana - Territorial Period
15/18-19
History of Montana - Since Statehood
15/20
History of Montana - Paper
15/21
Trans-Mississippi Frontier
16/1
American Constitution - Class Outlines/Exams
16/2
American Constitution - Newspaper Clippings
16/3-6
American Constitution - Notes
16/7
Constitutional History - Syllabus/Readings/Exams
16/8
Constitutional History - Articles/Papers/Bibliography
16/9-12
Constitutional History - Notes
16/13
Progressivism
16/14
Woman in Montana History - Outline
16/15-18
Woman in Montana History - Lecture Notes
16/19-21
Carroll - Early Western Civilization - Notes
16/22-23
Carroll - Early Western Civilization - Outline/Syllabus/Exams
17/1
Carroll - Western Civilization - Syllabus/Exams
17/2-4
Carroll - Western Civilization - Notes
17/5
Carroll - Montana and the West - Syllabus
17/6-7
Carroll - Intro to Latin America - Articles/Bibliography
17/8
Carroll - Intro to Latin America - Notes/Newspaper Clippings
17/9-10
Carroll - Intro to Latin America - Readings/Syllabus
17/11
Carroll - Modern Latin America - Newspaper Clippings
17/12-14
Carroll - Modern Latin America - Notes
17/15-16
Carroll - Modern Latin America - Paper/Syllabus/Exams
17/17-19
Carroll - Latin America - Articles/Bibliography
17/20
Carroll - Catholic Church
17/21
Carroll - 20th Century American History Notes/Syllabus
17/22-23
Carroll - Trans-Mississippi West - Notes
17/24
Carroll - Trans-Mississippi West - Syllabus
18/1-2
Great Falls - Montana Indians - Notes
18/3
Great Falls - Montana Indians - Syllabus/Exams
18/4
Great Falls - Montana Indians - Treaties
18/5
Great Falls - Montana History - Syllabus/Readings/Exams
18/6
Great Falls - West in American History - Notes/Syllabus
18/7-8
U of M - Montana History - Readings/Notes

Series 9:  Audio-Cassette TapesReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 19

The tapes offer a sample of Roeder's style of lecture and historical information on specific subjects. The rest of the tapes are from conferences or symposiums where Roeder presented, moderated, or taped for interest. These tapes are not entirely clear as to the date or even who may be speaking.

Series 10:  Research Files, undatedReturn to Top

Container(s): Box 20-41

This is by far the largest series of the Roeder collection. The Research Files are organized by subject in alphabetical order. Subjects include general titles, individuals, bibliographies, and projects. There primary focus is on Montana history and history of the American West. Aside from Roeder's notes, subjects may include articles with extensive underlining or marginalia, bibliographies, newspaper clippings, reviews, papers, reports, documents, video tapes, and booklets. Relatively recent articles without extensive underlining or marginalia were not kept except for the title page, and these were generally included as part of bibliographies. Roeder left many short notes on various sizes of paper reflecting ideas and thoughts that are throughout the research files. Papers in original folders were generally kept intact with their titles. Many of Roeder's historical writings and articles with different drafts are in this series under appropriate titles.

Series 11:  Research Note Cards, undatedReturn to Top

The Research Note Cards are organized by subject in alphabetical order. Subjects mostly include general titles and individuals. Many of the note cards are part of extensive newspaper research. The files are almost exclusively on aspect of Montana history and are focused mostly on research projects conduced by Roeder. This includes Paris Gibson, Montana Legislators, taxes, Ella Knowles, Joseph Kinsey Howard, and agriculture.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
42/1-8
Agriculture
42/9
Farmers Union
42/10
Federation of Labor
42/11
Governors Messages
42/12-15
Howard, Joseph Kinsey
42/16
Income Tax
42/17
Knowles, Ella
42/18
Montana Constitution Amendments
42/19
Non-Partisan League
42/20
Progressive Era
42/21
Property Tax
42/22
State Levies
42/23
Stockgrowers Conventions
42/24
Taxes - Agriculture
42/25
Taxes - Banks/Insurance Companies
42/26
Taxes - Board of Equalization
42/27
Taxes - Education
42/28
Taxes - Fish and Game
42/29
Taxes - Freight and Railroads
42/30
Taxes - Inheritance
42/31
Taxes - Irrigation Districts
42/32
Taxes - License Fees
42/33
Taxes - Liquor
42/34
Taxes - Miscellaneous
42/35
Taxes - Mines
42/36
Taxes - Oil and Gas Industry
42/37
Taxes - Woolgrowers
42/38
Taxpayers Association
43/1
Gibson, Paris
44/1
State Subject File
44/2
Legislators - House
45/1
Legislators - Senate - Notes
45/2
Legislators - Senate

Series 12:  Constitutional Revision Commission, 1969-1971Return to Top

Roeder was appointed as one of four governors appointees on the sixteen member Constitutional Revision Commission in 1969. The series represents the memos, minutes, extensive readings, correspondence, committee meetings, the Commission's draft report, and notes that Roeder collected as part of his two year membership on the committee. Many of the readings have marginalia by Roeder.

Container(s) Description Dates
Box/Folder
46/1-3
Commission Memos/Minutes
1969
46/4-10
Commission Readings
46/11
Working Papers - Present and Proposed Provisions Comparison
46/12-18
Commission Readings
47/1-3
Commission Readings
47/4
State Conventions - Newspaper Articles
47/5
Commission Correspondence
47/6
Commission Notes
47/7
Constitutional Revisions
47/8
Constitutional Studies
1969-1970
47/9-10
Commission Report
47/11
Commission Conference
47/12
Constitutional Convention Steering Committee
1970
47/13
Constitutional Convention Executive Committee
1970
47/14
Commission Articles
47/15
Convention Enabling Act
47/16
Convention Enabling Act Analysis
47/17
Constitutional Convention Court Case
1971
47/18
Convention Preparation

Series 13:  Constitutional Convention, 1971-1973Return to Top

Container(s): Box 48-57

Roeder was elected to the Montana Constitutional Convention in the fall of 1971. The series represents most of many aspects that made up the convention for a delegate. Aside from his delegate duties, Roeder served on the Executive Committee and the Committee of Style and Drafting. The series includes papers and newspaper clippings of the primary and delegate elections; extensive reading material; general convention information; committee reports and proposed amendments to the constitution; convention studies, papers, and memorandums; correspondence; Committee on Style and Drafting Reports (CSD); delegate and resolution proposals to the constitution; drafts of the proposed constitution; convention proceedings; extensive collection of state newspaper clippings; and post-convention correspondence and related papers. Much of the readings and papers have Roeder marginalia. The series also includes delegate photographs and two journal books.

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Agriculture-Montana
  • Constitutional conventions-Montana
  • Frontier and pioneer life-Montana
  • Historians-Montana
  • History teachers-Montana
  • Indians of North America-Montana
  • Lakes-Montana
  • Transportation-Montana
  • Women-Montana
  • Personal Names :
  • Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911
  • Coates, Grace Stone, 1881-1926
  • Gibson, Paris, 1830-1920
  • Haskell, Ella Louise Knowles, 1860-1911
  • Howard, Joseph Kinsey, 1906-1951
  • Stuart, Granville, 1834-1918
  • Stuart, James, 1832-1873
  • Corporate Names :
  • Carroll College (Helena, Mont.)-Faculty
  • Montana State University--Bozeman-Faculty
  • Montana-Constitutional Convention (1971-1972)
  • Montana-Constitutional Convention Commission
  • Montana-Legislative Assembly-Legislative Council
  • Montana-Office of the Lieutenant Governor
  • Swarthmore College-Students
  • University of Pennsylvania-Students
  • Geographical Names :
  • Montana-History
  • Montana-Politics and government