Lee Moorhouse photographs, circa 1897-1919 PDF
- Moorhouse, Lee
- Lee Moorhouse photographs
- 1 cubic foot, (574 photographs and 6 film negatives in 2 boxes)
- Collection Number
- Org. Lot 104
- Photographs taken by Maj. Lee Moorhouse circa 1897- 1919 of Cayuse, Umatilla, and other Indians and their settlements in the Columbia River Basin and Umatilla County; landscapes in Oregon and Montana; and of the Round-Up in Pendleton, Or. and other locations.
- Oregon Historical Society Research Library
Oregon Historical Society
1200 SW Park Avenue
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open to the public.
- Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Biographical NoteReturn to Top
Thomas Leeander Moorhouse (1850-1926), known as Major Lee Moorhouse, was an amateur photographer from Pendleton, Or. In 1878, he served as field secretary for Oregon governor Stephen F. Chadwick during the Bannock-Paiute War and the following year was appointed to the Third (Eastern Ore.) Brigade of the Oregon State Militia, where he earned the rank of Major. The owner of a mercantile business in Pendleton, Moorhouse & Livermore (later Lee Moorhouse and Co.), Lee Moorhouse also served one term as mayor of the city in 1885. From 1889 to 1891, he was employed as the agent to the Umatilla Indian Reservation.
Lee Moorhouse began taking photographs circa 1897-1898. During a period when many amateur photographers were experimenting with new innovations in film negatives and snapshot photography, Moorhouse used glass plate negatives to capture his subjects. He took over 9,000 images, photographing the activities of his hometown of Pendleton, Or. and, especially, Native American life in the Columbia River basin and Umatilla County.
Content DescriptionReturn to Top
The Lee Moorhouse photographs consist of photographic prints, photographic postcards, and one cyanotype taken by Maj. Lee Moorhouse circa 1897-1919. Many of the photographs are portraits of Native Americans of the Columbia and Umatilla River basins in Oregon, taken by Moorhouse circa 1900-1912 and including members of the Cayuse, Nez Percé, Umatilla, and Walla Walla tribes. These photographs also include views of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and other unidentified Native American settlements in Oregon. There are also some photographs of members of the Yakima tribe, and these images may have been taken by photographer Thomas H. Rutter, who photographed the Yakima until his death in 1906; Moorhouse collected many of Rutter’s negatives and sold them as his own. Several other photographs in this collection also depict landscape views of the areas in which Lee Moorhouse lived and worked with the Native Americans, such as Columbia River basin, including Celilo Falls; the Umatilla River in Oregon; and the Little Bighorn River valley in Montana. These landscape views were all taken circa 1897-1905.
The collection also contains photographs of the Pendleton Round-Up, a rodeo in Pendleton, Or., taken by Moorhouse circa 1909-1919. Subjects include various rodeo events such as bronc riding, bull riding, steer roping, and photographs of the Cowgirl’s Bucking Contest, which was discontinued after 1929, as well as Round-Up parades and participants, including African-American, Native American, and women performers. Additionally, there are two photographs by Moorhouse of other Round-Ups in Crooked River, Or. and Toppenish, Wa.
This collection also contains film negatives not taken by Moorhouse.
Use of the CollectionReturn to Top
The Oregon Historical Society is the owner of the materials in the Research Library and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the Research Library prior to any use of reproductions. The Society does not necessarily hold copyright to all the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use of reproductions may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright holders.
Lee Moorhouse Photographs, Org. Lot 104, Oregon Historical Society Research Library
Administrative InformationReturn to Top
Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top
The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.
Series 1: Native Americans, circa 1900-1912Return to Top
This series contains photographic portraits, including one cyanotype, of various members of the Cayuse, Nez Perce, Umatilla, and Walla Walla tribes and photographs of their settlements on the Umatilla Reservation and Columbia Rivers in Oregon, among other places, taken by Lee Moorhouse.
Subseries A: Portraits
Some of the photographs of Yakima men and women in this subseries may have been taken by photographer Thomas H. Rutter before 1906 and sold by Moorhouse as his own. Arranged alphabetically, where identified, into four groups: Children; Men; Women; and Groups (men, women, and/or children depicted together).
Children, J - L
Men, A - T
Women, E - Si
Women, So - Y
Subseries B: Settlements,
This subseries contains photographs taken by Lee Moorhouse of various Native American settlements in the Columbia River basin and Umatilla County, including the Umatilla Indian Reservation, circa 1904-1905.
Wishram Indian village near Celilo Falls
Series 2: Landscape views, circa 1897-1905Return to Top
This series contains taken by Lee Moorhouse of the Columbia River, including Celilo Falls, and Umatilla River in Oregon; the Little Bighorn River valley in Montana; and other unidentified photographs of landscapes, probably in northeastern Oregon, circa 1897-1905.
Columbia River, Or., general views
Columbia River, Or., Celilo Falls
Umatilla River, Or.
Little Bighorn River valley, Mont.
Series 3: Round-Up photographs, 1901-1919Return to Top
This series mostly contains photographic postcards taken by Lee Moorhouse of the Pendleton Round-Up in Pendleton, Or., 1901-1919, including views of various rodeo events and African-American, Native American, and women participants. There are also two photographs of Round-Ups in Crooked River, Or. and Toppenish, Wa. Many of the photographs are duplicates or copy images made from original prints in the collection; there are also six film negatives made from photographs in this collection. Arranged into two subseries: (A) Pendleton Round-Up, 1901-1919 and (B) Other Round-Ups.
Subseries A: Pendleton Round-Up
|1912, 1913, and 1915|
|1913, 1916, and undated|
|1916 and undated|
|1912 and undated|
|1911, 1916 and undated|
Steer wrestling (bulldogging)
Trick and fancy roping
|1912, 1916, and undated|
Native American participants
|1914, 1916, and undated|
|1911-1919 and undated|
|1912 and undated|
Other Round-Up photographs
|1916 and undated|
Duplicate photographic postcards
Subseries B: Other Round-Ups
Crooked River, Or. Round-Up
Toppenish, Wa. Round-Up
Names and SubjectsReturn to Top
- Subject Terms :
- African American rodeo performers--Photographs
- Cayuse Indians--Photographs
- Indian reservations--Oregon--Photographs
- Indians of North America--Oregon--Photographs
- Indians of North America--Washington (State)--Photographs
- Nez Percé Indians--Photographs
- Rodeo performers--United States--Photographs
- Umatilla Indians--Photographs
- Walla Walla Indians--Photographs
- Women in rodeos--Photographs
- Yakama Indians--Photographs
- Corporate Names :
- Pendleton Round-Up--Photographs
- Geographical Names :
- Little Bighorn River (Wyo. and Mont.)--Photographs
- Lower Columbia River Valley (Or. and Wash.)--Photographs
- Pendleton (Or.)--Photographs
- Umatilla Indian Reservation (Or.)--Photographs
- Umatilla River Watershed (Or.)--Photographs
- Form or Genre Terms :
- Photographic postcards
- Photographic prints
- Safety film negatives
- Other Creators :
- Personal Names :
- Rutter, Thomas H. (photographer)