Thomas McArthur Anderson Philippines Photograph Collection, 1898-1901  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Collector
Anderson, Thomas McArthur, 1836-1917
Title
Thomas McArthur Anderson Philippines Photograph Collection
Dates
1898-1901 (inclusive)
Quantity
37 black and white photographic prints (4 folders)
Collection Number
PH0144
Summary
Photographs taken on the Philippine Islands, mostly on Luzon, before and during the Philippine-American war
Repository
University of Washington Libraries, Special Collections
Special Collections
University of Washington Libraries
Box 352900
Seattle, WA
98195-2900
Telephone: 206-543-1929
Fax: 206-543-1931
speccoll@uw.edu
Access Restrictions

Entire collection can be viewed on the Libraries' Digital Collections website. Permission of Visual Materials curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was partially provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Biographical NoteReturn to Top

Thomas McArthur Anderson (1836-1917) graduated from St. Mary’s College in Maryland and from Cincinnati Law School. In 1858, he was admitted to the bar and began to practice law in Cincinnati. During the Civil War in 1861, Anderson enlisted as a private in the 65th Ohio Volunteers and shortly thereafter was commissioned Second Lieutenant of the 5th United States Cavalry. He was promoted to captain and served with the 12th United States Infantry. He remained in the army after the war, becoming a colonel in command of the 14th Infantry.

In 1898, as a Brigadier General, Anderson commanded the vanguard of the United States expeditionary force (the Eighth Army Corps) in the Philippines. These men were the first troops to reach the Philippines after George Dewey’s victory against the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. Anderson stayed in the Philippines until 1899, fighting in the early stages of the Philippine-American War until he was succeeded by General Henry W. Lawton.

Historical BackgroundReturn to Top

The Philippine-American War

The defeat of the Spanish by the United States in the Spanish-American War in 1898 ended Spanish rule in the Philippines, Cuba, Guam and Puerto Rico. The Philippine Islands, along with Guam and Puerto Rico, were ceded to the United States by Spain at the end of the Spanish-American War as part of the Treaty of Paris. This transfer of sovereignty was not recognized by Filipino leaders, whose troops were actually in charge of the entire archipelago, with the exception of the capital city of Manila, where the Spanish had been defeated by George Dewey and the city was occupied by American troops.

The Philippine-American war began near Manila on February 4th, 1899. Emilio Aquinaldo’s army occupied a trench-line surrounding Manila, and shooting soon began along this ten mile line. United States troops quickly overwhelmed Filipino positions, pushing north into Central Luzon, the main Philippine Island. The conventional battle ended in 1899, but guerilla fighting continued, with ambushes, massacres and retaliations on both sides. From this point on, the war became particularly savage, with indiscriminate violence and the slaughter of civilians. The number of Filipino civilian deaths is estimated by some historians to be in the hundreds of thousands.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

This collection consists of photographs taken on the Philippine Islands during the period of the Philippine-American War, from 1898-1901. Most photographs were taken on the island of Luzon, and portray American troops, Philippine Islanders and town scenes.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Alternative Forms Available

View the digital version of the collection

Restrictions on Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Contact Special Collections, University of Washington Libraries for details.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

 

United States Army in Luzon, PhilippinesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
1 1 between 1898 and 1899
1 2 between 1898 and 1899
1 3 between 1898 and 1899
1 4 between 1898 and 1899
1 5 between 1898 and 1899
1 6 1898?
1 7 1900?
1 8 1898?
1 9-10
  Troops on field for inspection, Company F, 13th infantry
Written on photos: Guard Mount Co. F. 13 Inf.
1900?
1 11 between 1899 and 1900
1 12
  Military band marching in front of a crowd
Written on verso: Marching onto Camp Nadau field for my last drill July 4th. Just a sample of the crowd lining the entire fields, there being a big grand stand on opposite side.
between 1898 and 1899
Executions
Folder item
2 13 1898?
2 14 1898?
2 15 1898?
2 16 1900?

Luzon, PhilippinesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
2 17
  Filipinos washing clothes in a river
Written on verso: A river-bank lavanderia.
1899?
2 18 1899?
2 19
  Igorrote tribal group in northern Luzon, Philippines
Written on photo: A band of Igeroties [sic] the tribe that eats dogs.
between 1899 and 1900
2 20
  People on a street lined with thatched-roof buildings
Written on verso: A provincial town in Luzon.
1901?
2 21 1899?
2 22 between 1898 and 1899
2 23-24 between 1899-1900
2 25
 View of town with T.M. Anderson's house marked
Written on verso: House marked with X is the one I live in, my room facing the street where I have knocked over many dogs with bricks and gun fired from the front window all hours of day and night.
1900?
2 26 1900?

Puerto Princesa, PhilippinesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
2 27
  Town view with T.M. Anderson's house marked, Puerto Princesa
Written on verso: First house on the left is the house we lived in. Boy's is the next one is that of Senor Sanchez. The next is that of his widow's.
between 1898 and 1901

Manila, PhilippinesReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Folder item
2 28 between 1898 and 1901
2 29
 Luneta Park
Written on verso: The Luneta, or bay-side plaza.
1901?
box:oversize
OS1 30
  People gathered outside of the Manila customs house
J. Reyes, Manila (photographer)
Van W. Anderson, T.M. Anderson's son, in photo.
between 1898 and 1899
OS1 31
  Crowd inside the Manila customs house
J. Reyes, Manila (photographer)
Van W. Anderson, T.M. Anderson's son, in group.
between 1898 and 1899
OS1 32
  Boats and cargo at docks
J. Reyes, Manila (photographer)
1898?

T.M. Anderson and StaffReturn to Top

Container(s) Description Dates
Box item
OS1 33
 T.M. Anderson next to building in Honolulu
Davey Photo Co., Honolulu, Hawaii (photographer)
Written on verso: Gen. T.M. Anderson while at Honolulu in 1898 en route to Manila in command of the first U.S. Army ever sent overseas. He was given a reception in Honolulu at Iolani Palace.
1898
box:oversize
OS1 34
 T.M. Anderson and staff outside of building in Honolulu
Davey Photo Co., Honolulu, Hawaii (photographer)
Written on verso: Gen. T.M. Anderson (with white folder) received at Honolulu in 1898 en route to Manila as the first U.S. general to command an army overseas.
1898
OS1 35 between 1898 and 1899
OS1 36
 T.M Anderson and staff outdoors in Manila, Philippines
Written on verso: Major General T.M Anderson of Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington in Manila, 1899, with his staff. At his left as his aides-de-camp are Lt. T.M. Anderson, Jr, later Col. in command of Vancouver Bks and his son-in-law, Lt. Robert H. Allen, later a major-general and chief of army infantry, U.S. Army. Henry C. Cabell of Portland is 2nd from Gen. Anderson's right.
1899
OS1 37
 T.M. Anderson's house on Pasig Road, Manila, Philippines.
Written on verso: Filipino servants and Gen. Anderson's daughters in windows.
between 1898 and 1899

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Executions and executioners--Philippines--Luzon--Photographs
  • Prisoners of war--Philippines--Luzon--Photographs
  • Soldiers--Philippines--Luzon--Photographs
  • Corporate Names :
  • United States. Army--Photographs
  • Geographical Names :
  • Luzon (Philippines)--Photographs
  • Manila (Philippines)--Photographs
  • Philippines--History--Philippine American War, 1899-1902--Photographs

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • Visual Materials Collections (University of Washington)