Big Blackfoot Milling Company Records, 1882-1899  PDF

Overview of the Collection

Creator
Big Blackfoot Milling Company
Title
Big Blackfoot Milling Company Records
Dates
1882-1899 (inclusive)
Quantity
47 volumes
Collection Number
Mss 246 (collection)
Summary
The Big Blackfoot Milling Company was a timber company based in Missoula, Montana. The forty-seven volume collection contains minutes, organizational and financial records of the Big Blackfoot Milling Company, and financial records (1882-1890) of the various sub-groups which were predecessor and successor businesses of that corporation.
Repository
University of Montana, Mansfield Library, Archives and Special Collections
Archives and Special Collections
Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
University of Montana
32 Campus Dr. #9936
59812-9936
Missoula, MT
Telephone: 406-243-2053
Fax: 406-243-4067
library.archives@umontana.edu
Access Restrictions

Researchers must use collection in accordance with the policies of Archives and Special Collections, the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, and The University of Montana--Missoula.

Languages
English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Historical NoteReturn to Top

On August 1, 1882, Andrew Hammond, Richard Eddy, E. L. Bonner, and others incorporated the Montana Improvement Company to exploit the timber resources in western Montana. The company acquired the sawmills of Eddy, Hammond and Company, a Missoula general store operation that had entered the lumber business under contract to provide lumber for the construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In March 1886, the government of the United States brought suit against the Montana Improvement Company for cutting timber on the government domain. In anticipation of this event, Eddy, Hammond and Company incorporated as the Missoula Mercantile Company. On August 4, 1887, the partners of the Montana Improvement Company incorporated the Big Blackfoot Milling Company to take over the lumber activities of the Improvement Company. On February 3, 1888 the Big Blackfoot Milling and Manufacturing Company succeeded the Big Blackfoot Milling Company. In the pursuit of the timber suits, records of these companies ended up with the Hammond Lumber Company of California where the trial was held in Federal Court.

Content DescriptionReturn to Top

The 47-volume collection contains minutes, organizational and financial records of the Montana Improvement Company, 1882-1892, and financial records, 1882-1899, of the various sub-groups which were predecessor and successor businesses of the that corporation: Spokane Falls Lumber Company; W. H. Hammond; Eddy, Hammond and Company; Missoula Mercantile Company; and the Big Blackfoot Milling Company. The records are incomplete, but provide a detailed record of A. B. Hammond, his associates, and their business activities in and around Missoula.

Use of the CollectionReturn to Top

Restrictions on Use

Researchers are responsible for using in accordance with 17 U.S.C. and any other applicable statutes. Copyright not transferred to The University of Montana.

Preferred Citation

[Name of document], Big Blackfoot Milling Company Records, Archives and Special Collections, Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, The University of Montana--Missoula.

Administrative InformationReturn to Top


Detailed Description of the CollectionReturn to Top

Series I:  Montana Improvement Company , 1882-1898Return to Top

9 volumes

This series includes minutes, a stock transfer journal, and financial records (day books, a journal, an employee ledger, general ledgers, and records of lumber shipped). Volume 4, a daybook from 1886-1898, and Volume 5, a journal from 1885 to 1898, include records of expenses incurred during the timber suits.

The series is divided into three subseries: Minutes, Organization, and Financial Records.
Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Minutes
Volume
1
October 25, 1882 - October 3, 1892
Subseries 2: Organization
Volume
2
Stock transfer journal
October 16, 1883 - September 16, 1887
Subseries 3: Financial Records
Volume
3
Day book
September 1, 1884 - April 27, 1885
4
Day book
April 16, 1886 - September 18, 1898
5
Journal
June 15, 1885 - September 18, 1898
6
Employee ledger
October, 1885 - August, 1887
7
General ledger
March 10, 1885 - February 19, 1889
8
General ledger
September 1, 1885 - September 18, 1898
9
Lumber shipped
September 1, 1884 - October 6, 1887

Series II:  Spokane Falls Lumber Comapany, 1884-1886Return to Top

2 volumes

This series includes one day book and one general ledger for the Spokane Falls Lumber Company.

Container(s) Description Dates
Volume
1
Day book
May 31, 1884 - September 20, 1885
2
General ledger
May 31, 1884 - June 28, 1886

Series III:  W.H. Hammond , 1890-1891Return to Top

2 volumes

This series contains two volumes: one cashbook and one sales journal.

Container(s) Description Dates
Volume
1
Cash book
October 2, 1890 - December 31, 1891
2
Sales Journal
October 12, 1891 - December 31, 1891

Series IV:  Eddy, Hammond, & Co. , 1883-1885Return to Top

5 volumes

This 5-volume series contains daybooks, one general ledger, and two indexes to ledgers. It is divided into two subseries: Financial Records and Indices to Ledgers.

Container(s) Description Dates
Subseries 1: Financial Records
Volume
1
Day book
August 28, 1884 - July 3, 1885
2
Day book
July 4, 1885 - May 6, 1886
3
General ledger
May 2, 1883 - July 13, 1883
Subseries 2: Indices to ledgers
Volume
4
Eddy, Hammond & Co., ledger #1
5
Eddy, Hammond & Co., ledger #2

Series V:  Missoula Mercantile Company, 1886-1889Return to Top

11 volumes

This series includes daybooks, journals, a private ledger (with index), and a general ledger (with index).

Container(s) Description Dates
Volume
1
Day book
May 7, 1886 - August 31, 1886
2
Day book (D)
June 4, 1887 - January 10, 1888
3
Day book (F)
July 23, 1888 - January 10, 1888
4
Day book (G)
January 11, 1889 - July 13, 1889
5
Day book (L)
November 21, 1891 - July 30, 1892
6
Journal (C)
December 1, 1887 - July 31, 1888
7
Journal, closing entries
January 7 - 9, 1888
8
Private ledger (C)
December 1, 1887 - July 31, 1888
9
General ledger (C)
December 2, 1887 - July 31, 1888
10
Index to Private ledger (C)
11
Index to General ledger (C)

Series VI:  Big Blackfoot Milling Company, 1887-1890Return to Top

14 volumes

This series contains a lumber order book, daybooks, journals, a general ledger, employee ledgers, records of lumber shipped, and an inventory of various mills from 1890. One daybook dating from 1898 to 1899 includes entries settling small matters relating to the sale of this company to Marcus Daly.

Container(s) Description Dates
Volume
1
Lumber order book
January 14, 1890 - September 27, 1890
2
Day book
August 1, 1888 - June 7, 1889
3
Day book
June 10, 1889 - December 11, 1889
4
Day book
December 12, 1889 - December 6, 1890
5
Day book
December 8, 1890 - December 30, 1891
6
Day book
July 9, 1898 - June 24, 1899
7
Journal
August 1, 1888 - August 31, 1889
8
Journal
September 2, 1889 - August 30, 1890
9
Journal
September 1, 1890 - December 31, 1891
10
General ledger
August 1, 1888 - December 31, 1889
11
Employee ledger (Index to above ledger)
July, 1887 - July, 1888
12
Employee ledger
July, 1888 - December, 1889, January 1, 1890
13
Lumber shipped
October 3, 1887 - August 31, 1889
14
Inventory, various mills
January 1, 1890

Series VII:  Miscellaneous , undatedReturn to Top

4 volumes

This series contains four indexes to unidentified ledgers.

Container(s) Description Dates
Volume
1
Private ledger (a)
2
Unidentified ledger
3
Unidentified ledger
4
Unidentified ledger

Names and SubjectsReturn to Top

  • Subject Terms :
  • General stores--Montana--Missoula
  • Lumber trade--Montana--Missoula
  • Corporate Names :
  • Big Blackfoot Milling Co. (Butte, Mont.)
  • Eddy, Hammond & Co.
  • Missoula Mercantile Company
  • Spokane Falls Lumber Co.
  • W.H. Hammond (Firm)
  • Form or Genre Terms :
  • Business records--Montana--Missoula
  • Occupations :
  • Businessmen--Montana--Missoula
  • Other Creators :
    • Personal Names :
    • Bonner, E.L. (Edward L.), 1834-1902
    • Eddy, Richard
    • Hammond, Andrew B. (Andrew Benoni), 1848-1934